Newspaper Page Text
LATE FROM EUROPE.
DISASTROUS NEWS--FALL of WARSAW!
i _Yaw* the New York Courier of Oct. 31.
11 / 4 2 1110 :Mush ship Arkwriolt, which ar
n last evening, from Dundee on the 24th
iikrittemberove have - been able to obtain
from-a passenger the only Date - riaper on
lxiarde Disndee Catotitethe 20th—
which contains the disastroua intelligence
of-the surrender . of Warsaw
to the &wilds& •
FrOut-lbe-puudee Courier ot the 20th of Sept.
FALL OF WARSAW.
- A _ er
two days of sanguinary fighting the town
surrendered by capitulation and the Russians
mitered Plaga :
The -fidlowmg communication is from
the Office of the onTimes of the 17th.
"Maid intelligence was received at Der
lin, on the 11th instant, of the capitulation
of the city of Warsaw, on the 7th, ,at six o'-
clock, P.-111. after two days bloody fighting
in timitieighborhood during, which the Rus
41iiiinbOrted by assault all the entrench ,
meats which, had been raised to protect the
"The Polish Army, followed by the Diet,
and the members of the Government, retired
thrcsigh-Praga on the night of the 7th, and
early on'the 6th the Russian Army entered
'maintaining perfect l iaer--person and pro
"The Poles were retiring upon Medlin
end Plea, where it is supposed they would
make au effort to maintain themselves."
such is the substance of this fatal intelli
gence. It is still-said that the Poles will
maintain the struggle. But the loss of their
eapital is a fearful blow, and may we fear,
prove fatal to their cause.
London, 14 o'clock.—The most unwel
come news fok some time past is announced
thiiiiimrifitig—the capitulation Or - Warsaw,
aliettwo_darliththg in its environs, with
theiltorming t e Polish eifitrenchments by
the Russians. The fate of the brave but
tmilittanate Poles, is in general deplored
thronghout the city; some faint hopes are
expected from the Polish army, who have
made good their retreat towards Plock; no
doubt the Emperor of Russia will grant them
amebic, term" which they must accept,as
their ..• .t d'appui. Warsaw is lost—we,
must .. to Pans and the_ French nation,
lovi , they will receive the sad catastrophe,
sad the abet it will have on the ministers
of the King of the French; it will no doubt
cause a great sensation throughout France;
but it is too late—the die is cast. In the
Stock Exchange they do not give implicit
credit to the fall of Warsaw, and we wish it
was in our power to contradict it. Up to
the present time it has not had much effect
LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
FALL OF WARSAW CONFIRMED/
The ship Collossue, at Philadelphia from
limpoolOniurs London papers to the 21st
and Liverpool to the 22d September. The
U.A. Gazette furnishes the annexed items.
Any disastrous intelligence of the Fall of
Warsaw, reported in the New York Courier,
-ririgr_etiasay, is but too well confirmed.
DETAILS OP THE CAPTURE !
A.letter dated Warsaw,.Sept. 8, (written
Iviiiinuedim,learn—:,-,Pokuid is again anti
c:2ol63'lllmM sovereign. On the sth inst.
Marshal' Count - Paskewitsch sent a
'taialeutial.afticer to Warsaw, _ to demand in
the name of his majesty the submission of
the city, and to promise, on the other hand,
annuity and pardon. With an infatuation
which mania be sufficiently deplored, thes6
'Words afperwe were rejected by the leaders
of the insurrection . On the 6th, at day
break, the R 11114102 army advanced to storm
the city. After a most desperate and san
guinary, resistance, our soldiers with rare
intrepidity, made themselves masters of four
- redoubts which lay upon our line of attack,
is well as the first line of entrenchments
whibl surround Warsaw itself; and of which
Widis isatarrfestfiortrass. The task, how
insi Int ended witlithis; there remained
*mond line of entrenchments, and a broad
wog negative city, defended by bastions.
" - At- kini o'clock in the morning orthe 7th
the • Field Marshal was preparing to over
arm* tree last obstacles, when General
Oarseld sent General Prendzynaki to
Wel* aramunce the intention of the Polish
natiotrmisat: to its ligitimale King.=
TUN' eater .were,- however, not con-
Soot bobit Chief of the Goverrunent,who
nob* same in parson to the Mu-shall.
lifellertned that the consent of the Diet was
leesesery kir such submission. After the
Malt urgent ershortatibas and roprespnto.tiona
et the inutility of 'briber 'defence, and the
star ,which it would inevitably bring
%drew at ten o'clock
rpm, three hoiirs more
t - Kroltowiecki, with- .
)to announce to the
Alution. As this was
give . otders to attack.
ri for consid
Ow, the Menthol
atimit.' \ It was tie:li
fter? true* ivtre
var . ' jtv
sent, hut,i,hey broughtiinlydilatory answers.
The attack was; (herd:ire, begun upon the ,
second line of ttitrenchrnenta, which was car
ried at the point of the bayonet. The ene
my, who in the Meantime received reinforce
ments,vigorously defended the gardens and
the-edges of the ditches towards the Jerusa
lem barrier, and even made our troops give
way for a moment; but the ardor of the lat
ter revived; they quickly scaled the walls
of the city, whichliresented a most formida
ble line of_de&nce. '['he prodigies of valor
which had already distinguished the two days
were renewed, and at -nine o'clock in the
evening the entrenchments, the gardens,
ditches, walls- : —every thing, in short, was in
the hands of our brave troops. Meantime'
night had set in, and the army required re
"The lines of entrenchments carried by
storm, 6,000 prisoners and nearly 100 pieces
cannon, were the trophies of these two me
"Nothing could now save the city and the
enemy's army. Both, therefore implored
the clemency of the Emperor, and this cir
cumstance m e it the Marshal's duty to re
strain the ven a
ce of the soldiers, which
was excited to the utmost by such an obsti
nate resistance. To-day our troops are in
Warsaw.—The Polish army and the nation
have submitted to their Monarch; the former,
in conformity with the Emperor's manifesto
is gone to Plozk, there to await his orders. l i
In some days we shall be able to give a more
detailed account of these important events.
The glorious success which we obtained has
been purchased by severe losses. The
Field Marshal himself has received a contu
sion on the left arm and the breast. Kroko
wiecki has resigned his power.
"General Malachowskf has announced to
the Field Marshal in, two letters signed' by
his own hand, that he leads the army to Plozk
with the intention of waiting there fm - the
comrhands °Chia Imperial Majesty. We
must hope'tlitthe Polish army will perse
vere in these good sentiments, and disregard
the perfidious insinuations which may, per
haps,- have been addressed to it." -
The London Morning Herald of the 20th
"The fate of Warsaw and the ruin of so
sacred a cause as that of Poland, appear to
cast a general gloonr over the public mind;
hard and bitter are the complaints against a
, which - by asinee-trutna.s • a
of its will, could have saved a brave nation.
The latest accounts from Paris, represent
the state of the capital as most alarming.—
The public feeling is raised to a state of
phrensied hostility against the . ministers, on
their policy towards Poland.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN PARIS.
The London Herald of the 20th says:—
The express from Paris gives alarming ac
acounts of the state of the French capital.
The news of the fall of Warsaw seems to
have excited among all classes there a phren
zy equal to that produced by the publication
of the Polignac Ordinances. Men view it
as a national calamity—as a nations dis
grace, of which each individual must bare
his share. The majority of the shops are
shut—public business is in some deg ree sus
pended, the Ministers are insulted , laughed
at, threatened, and hanged in effigy—crowds
throng the streets, with crape hat and arm
ds, some pillaging gunmakers' shops,
others busy in listening to the ardent appeals
of the newspapers—the theatres are almost
all closed—the black flag is hoisted in some
of the main streets—the drum beats hourly
to arms—the Marselloise is publicly sung in
the Palais Royal—the troops of the line are
in motion—and to sum up all, in one signifi
cant sentence, the Ministry has been twice
defeated on points which it had strongly 411,
M. M. Casimer Perrier and Sebastian ,
had a narrow escape with their lives on
The French papers contain an abstract of
a circular dated Warsaw, August 15; and
addressed to the Polish Envoys at -Paris.—
This document is most affecting and impres
sive. It charges the cabinets of England
Pd France With bad faith, and adds, that if
oland be again enslaved, its fate must be
attributed to their "hypocritical sympathy."
The London Morning Chronicle of the
21st says:—We yesterday received the Pa
ris papers of Sunday and the Messager des
Chambres, dated Monday.
The contents of these papers, as well as
oar correspondence, are of the most serious
iipport. Great changes f at Paris are Uoa4r
But, **ides the affairs of the 9orth toff
Europe, France, it would 'appeal', has threa
tened Spain, in case the Government ofthat
country interferes in the approachin, contest'
between Don PediC and Don Miguel. The
Constitutionnel 'gives passages from a note
presented by the French Charge d' Affaires
at the Court of Madrid, intimating.that a de
p,rture on the part of Spain from the prin.
ciple of non-intervention, would lead, to the
crossing of the Pyrenees by the French '
The reform bill was discussed in the ll'outie
of Commons on ,the 21st, and continued to
the nest day. •
Mr. Washington Irvine, the Charge d'Af
faires'from the United States, accompanied
by the new American Minister, Martin Van
Buren, visitefl Viscount Palmerston yester
day at theYoreign Office.
FRONTIER OF POLAND.
Sept. 29.—Accounts frqm Waisaw, of
the Bth in the evening, announced that the
army is included in the capitulation, andhas
sent s k Geheral to.tbe Grand Duke Michtel
to reseramerutihoelf to the clemency of the
Emperor, whose• commands will await at
Plocte.—Berlin Journal. , „.,
__BEILTAIN, Sept. 12.,--(Front aletier.l ,
With. respect !fit the eondidorus on which
'4. . " •
Warsaw was surrendered, we leamlhat se
curity 'and freedom for-their persons and
proPerty was promised-to the -army, to. the
senators, and all those who filled public offi
ces. The army is gone to Plozk to wait The
Emperor's orders. 'Only. for the members
of the clubs no promise of security could be
LONDON, Sept. 20.—We received last
night Hamburg papers to the 18th instant.
The burden of their contents, as ofa preced
ing arrival, which' will be-found in-another
place, from the same quarter, continnes to
be—unhappy Poland and flllen Warsaw!—
The evidences are now too conclusive upon
this lamentable subject, to leave room even
fin* a hope that `the nationality of Poland
will be respected, unless the breast of the
despot conqueror should relent, and his pru
dence or forbearance incline to concede that
which it is now too plain can never be wrung
from him by Polish force.
The fraction of—the patriot_ army which
had passed through Praga on its way •to
Fedlin, and from which so much was ex
eted, marched it now appears, as a body
of prisoners of war, at the command of the
conqueror, and to- the spot pointed out- by
him, to await his pleasure. Every thing is,
in a word, lost to Poland, except its honour,
and that still remains untarnished. The
conflict in the intrenchments must have been
awful, and, if the besieged be cheerfully a
warded the palm of obstinate valor and glo
rious resistance, it is but fair to give to the
assailants the praise of that braVe and buoy
ant impulse which bore them through so
The Poles are confessed by their enemies
to have behaved with Polish spirit; and the
Russian soldiers, Without reference to their
detestable cause, appear to have conducted
themselves with praise-worthy bravery.—
The loss of the latter is estimated in the
Prussian accounts at 4,000 or 5,000 men;
but it must be considerably more, and when
so much is admitted, it is not unreasonable to
set it down at double, at least, or 10,000 men.
Even at such a price, Paskewitsch may think
the cagital, with all the advantages of a rest
ing place for his troops for the winter, cheap
The Russian conquest seems to be com
plete, and They had already begun to organ
ize a Government; General Witt is mention
ed as having been appointed to the situation
of Governor of Warsaw. The terms which
the beseigeVOllliiie - d were security
persons and property, and from these condi
.tions the army is not excluded.
FRANCE.—The question of the French
Peerage proceeds but slowly. Some of the
journals deprecate the conduct of the Peers
themselves, as destructive of their own cause.
Not above seventy of them have hitherto
been at the trouble of meeting. Perhaps
they see that their meeting would not be of
any use. "/.
The most interesting topic of debate in
the Chamber of Deputies during the week,
has been one on the motion of young Las
Cases, the son of the well known biographer
of Napoleon, to refer to the President of the
Council a petition for transporting the re
mains of the Emperor (under favor of Eng
land) from St. Helena to Paris. It had been
recommended by the Committe on the peti
tion, thaf the Chamber should pass to the
order of the day, on the ground that honors
sufficient had already been paid to the me
mory of Napoleon both by the dation and by
the King. Las Cases read a speech in sup
port of his motion, composed by his father,
who was sick, and could not attend. The
only other speaker of name that warmly sup
ported it was Gen. Lamarque.
The speeches against the motion contain
ed some salutary truths. One member ask
ed, for what national benefits they ought to
honor the memory of Napoleon
“Was it for having dispersed the national
representative at the point of the bayonet—
stifled the liberty of the press—transferred
the decision of causes fromjuries teeommis
sions—carried yfarjuto all quarters of the
world.---planted kings every where—end folst
his throne by .an excess of despotism'? Gen.
Bertrand said he did not think there was any
danger to be apprehended from the applica
tion being granted; but he admitted the Min
isters were the best- judges. This' remark
made a great impression dvi the Chamber;
and the motion was rejected by acclamation.
A number of petitions, praying that France
would recognize the' nationality of Poland,
have been referred to the President 'of the
The members of the Legion of Honour,
appointed during the Hundred Days, are to
be restored to their honours; but they will
not receive any arrears of pension.
INSURRECTION AT MADEIRA.
A vessel had arrived at Madeira, which
states that in consequence of a report that
the French squadron , had forced the Bar of
Lisbon, and was in possession of the River
Tagus, a revolt among the islanders had ta
ken place in favor Donna Maria, which how
ever vas quelled by-tire goVemor after some
trouble. This official had thought proper to
accuse the English Consul of having-circida
ttl the news, and had placed that functiona
ry Water arrest...i6 the Consulate House, a
large body of troops preventing all ingress
or egress,.and he intended to keep the Eng
lish Consul thus confined until further ad
vices ftom Lisbon.
Another Warning.—We understand that
a . person named Burns, was• discovered sit
ting-on a chair derfd in the bar room of one
ofthe Taverns - in Old-town in this county.
114,Frad in a state of intoxicationduring. the
aftsrpoon, emdWactbought to be only sleep.
big ! ! Whensupper wan feady one or the
family went to wake:him, When it wai dis
covered that his. fialeep..was •the sleep , o
death."—Custileriand Adam*. , •
-.1 2- 2'21.
On the Bth of October las_ . ; . 4. Convention of
Anti-masonic Republicans a Siratoga, was held'
at the Court House in the village of Ballston Spa,
N. Y. The Convention was fully attended and
the Hon. JOHN W. TAYLOR, late Speaker of the
House of Representatives, and for the la* four.
teen years the able' representative orthe Old Re
publican- County-of Saratoga in Cortgress,-attend
ed and addressed the Convention. Mr. Taylor's
remarks are too - lengthy ,to lay before our readers.
We extract the following:
At length the frightful tragedy of Wm.
Morgan was enacted. The moral sense of
the community was shocked by an outrage
of such an appalling guilt. Yet its very
enormity was calculated to excite in all writ
organized minds unacquainted with mason
ic obligations serious doubts of its reality.
should have forgotten their allegiance to
God and their country as to enter into a
foul conspiracy to kidnap a fellow.citizen,
' and should have actually consummated it,
in the - heart of a Com - rn - orwealth --- or law;
liberty and morality, seemed incredible.—
But that they added to this high handed
..offence the foul crime of murder aiipeared
impossible. I did not believe it: For the
honor of human nature, I long indulged a
hope that the state of NeW York, with her
numerous moral, intellectual and religiotis
institutions, would be found guildesi of this
Most atrocious of all human transgressions.
This hope although growing feebler as
month after month elapsed without bringing
its confirmation, still lingered for years.—
Subsequent disclosures extinguished it, and,
left in its place the fearful conviction that
Morgan had been slainly_thelands of ma.
sons for the breach of no law of the land,
but for the violation of his masonic obliga
Having arrived at this conclusion,,l con
fidently anticipated the detection and pun
iShment of the - criMinals. The cry which
earth sends up to heaven, when her bosom
is stained with the blood of a murdered son,
seldom fails to ensure just retribution from
the hands of her children. The red hand
of the assassin betrays his guilt. I looked
to see masons every where on the alert to
discover and arrest the offenders. As they
were-mere--i - •- • • • e •. CtEd-tirlff
them more ieglous - than other men in the
accomplishment of this work. If the crime
had been committed
s hy fanatics of the order,
in violation 'of its laws and their obligations,
the path of ditty'for the scandalized breth
ren was plain. It could not be mistaken.
The Grand Royal Arch chapter of the.
State by rewards and bounties should have
stimulated its subcirdinate lodges and Indi
vidual members to new activity in aid of
the civil authority. The duty was impera
tive. It might not be omitted without some
partiation in the guilt of the offenders.
Has been performed? If it has,
where is the evidence of it? On the con-
trary, have not recent developements prov
ed beyond a reasonable doubt, that the
Grand Chapter on the 10th day of Febuary
1827, appropriated a part of its funds for
the purpose of giving aid . and comfort to the
offenders? Has not the money thusappro
priated been actually expended in assisting
the escape of one or more masons admitted
to have been concerned in the abduction of
Morgan, and against whom criminal process
had been issued for the offence? These are
grave enquiries. If answered in the af
firmative, they deeply implicate, nod, ignor
ant deluded fanatics, but the grand dignita
ries of the order and the order itself. Let
us see in relation to these enquiries, what
facts have been established.
Mr. Taylor here took a view of the evidences
Supporting the grave charge, he thus publicly
prefere against the Grand Lodge and concludes
with the following.Reranent remarks:
in fine, that thehlifiest masonic authori
ty in this state has afrorded countenance, nid
and comfort to the kidnappers and murder
ers of a fellow citizen. Yfle outrage can no
longer be attributed solely to the misguided
zeal of fanatic individuals; The order is
responsible. Ido not mean that every ma
son is guilty far otherwise; I believe that a
great majority of its members repudiate
and condemn the outrage. But the order
nevertheless by its chief dignitaries, in its
supreme council has made itself responsible.
It has inflicted upon itself a deadly injury.
Its wound is incurable. It is beyond the
power of medicine.
Mr. Taylor thus speaks of the Baltimore Con
vention and of the nomination of Mr. Wirt.
Permit me now,.before closing this ad
dress, to tender to you my sincere and heart
felt congratulations, on the auspicious nom
inations recently made by the National
Convention at Baltimore. I cordially fe
licitate you on the happy selection of WILT
LIAM WIRT, of Maryland, as a candidate
for the office of President, and AMOS
EL LMAKER, of Pennsylvania, , for Vice
President. The latterly favorably known
to me, only by reputation, as a' worthy
Counsellor and Advocate in his native state.
But it has-been my happiness to enjoy the
acquaintance, hosjiiiality and some portion
of the friendship of the former, for the last
fburteen years. That sagacious judge of
human character,, the late James -Monroe,
called him to the office of Attorney General
of the United States, and a seat Yin his cab
inet at the commencement of his;. adminis
tration. During the whole of rPreaident
illentoe's."two.terms, he was continued in
that atatketOdixobarging it" duties ta uni
versal approbationand comintopdfq himseff
to the respect and eateeniOf al) good men.
He( was associated in ,Executive Council
with the late President - Jan Q,uiftey
a man whose heart is the tatlit lif . f every flu
man Virtue, and *hose Miais
with the most precibui treasures of human
knbwledge—a rntui who never faaltered in
his course; nor feareno vindicate it in the .
face - of the e world—a President, whose ad
ministration will deseend . to" ptisterity re
corded on the brightest_ pages of faithful'
history, chaff aging " the test of human
scrutiny, of talents and of time." After
Mr. Adams became President, he continued
-NWTWirt-ln-the-satne- office --he had- had
under his predecessor, during the whole
'period of his Presidency. To have enjoyed'
the uninterrupted official confidence and
private friendship orthese patriots, so many •
years, is no humble recommendation for
the first office in the civilized world. But
the claims of your candidate to the enthusi
astic support of the American People,, rest
on a basis' even more solid than the appro
bation of official superiors however worthy.
They stand r on his own elevated character
and intrinsie excellence. He is a sound.
constitutional lawyer, an accomplished ju.
rist and a polished kiolar.. His disciplined
mine is capable of intense study, long and
-laborious a.pplication_to _business, and sys,_
tematic arrangement of its details. His
discriminating judgment enable, him to seize
with facility the important points of inves
tigation. To a person, in figure, stature and
cotahtenance,olmanly grace and proportion,
he unites courteous and dignified manners.
His morals are pure and his domestic rela
tions most estimable and happy. Classic
taste and polite literature are no where more
at home than in the bosom of his family.
Fellow-Citizens, the above is a faint but
faithful outline of the qualifications of your
candidate flir the Presidency. forbear to
..speak of his appropriate and elegant com
munication to the Baltim9re Convention,
accepting the - nornidation, Twcause it is,. or
soon Will be, in the hands and hearts of you
all. In it he has given out a watch word
"the supremacy of the Laws" which will
enable you to distinguish friends from foes
through the whole extent of the . Union, and
in every State will rally to your standard
Hosts of freemen.
THE SUPREMACY OF THE LAWS-
God-grant they may triumph, over all corn.
binations to oppose, them, whether acting
in open day or secret night.
FORTY MILES OPEN.—The Gazette
of yesterday evening states the gratifying
fact "that the assurances given in the late
annual report of the President and Directors
to the Stockholders of the Baltimore and
Ohio 'Rail Road, that the second and third
divisions of the road would be opened for use
by the first of November, have been realized.
In a letter which the editor of the Gazette
has seen from a gentleman who performed
the trip, dated the 30th inst. ho says "the
'Pioneer Car' passed yesterday (Saturday)
morning on the line as far as to the foot of
the inclined plane, No. 1, at Parr Ridge,"
being a distance of 40 miles from Baltimore.
The fourth Division of the road which
extends to the Monocacy, as well as the in
clined planes over the Parr Ridge, and the
lateral road to Frederick, are in such a state
of forwardness as to leave no doubt that the
entire route to Frederick will be opened
within the month of November.
The graduation of the fifth Division, ex
tending from the Monocacy river to the
Potomac, is nearly completed, except at a
single point of about 2 or 300 yartle, which
will soon be graduated, and the travelling on
the road will, without any doubt, be estab
lished to the Potomac river within a few
We believe that the actual distance al
ready about to be opened, being about forty
miles, embraces the longest line of continu
ous rail-way now in operation, either in this
country or in-Etirope, and when the road
shall be finished to the Potomac river, which
will be within five or_six weeks, thd whole
distance under track will be about seventy
miles, and will give to Baltimore-an extent
of Rail Road of perhaps double the length
of atty one continuous line of rail tracks in
krrangements are now in train to open
the road. for regular • travel,. stables having
been erected, and every other facility so far
completed that the entire Western travel
can be accommodated on the Rail Road in
the course of the present week.
It will be seen by reference to our adver
tising columns that the spirited proprietors
of the great . Western Stages, have esti&
lished• a new line between this.city and.
Wheeling, which will convey passengers
FORTY MILES ON THE RAIL-ROAD cam:enc.
ing this day, and that on or about Christ.
mas the whole of the travel by that line will
pass through Frederick, making use of the
Rail Roadthetween it an d Baltimore."
YOtrlllll7l4 DEPRAVITY.--In looking over
some not very recent London papers, we
were struck with the Recorder of London's
report to the King t _of prisoners under se&
tence of death in ewgate, after the last
February Beesionii. Of 27 persons capitally
convicted, nineteen were of , and under the
age of 23; of these, one was only aged 10,
another 12, another 14, pother 16, two (one
of them a girl) 17, two 19, ad - several ' 20.
Of the 27, one only was ordered for execu.
tiot Ellis, aged 23.
An Earthenimp manufactory has bees,
established at Louisville, Kentucky, when . I
articles are *produce& equal ,0 the fingit
Queens*are, and capable of withstanding
heat, as. well es change of temOrature.--
,Thep proprietor offers consideraWe 'induce:
meats to "Fine Ware Potteras" who ma,.
( rll/Kiel/ to attach thetnielvea to hie War
.~ .. 1