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NOVEMBER. TERM .11.865:'
i„TIXIAL_ LIST. -
. sEcoND,; 3V.EIt;
George Jackson vs Sassainan'S'Ex'rS. et at;
Sterritt & Potter vs. J. Alexander, Garnishee .
John Lee vs Joseph P. Moore. .„ :
Amos' Potts - vs janaesNeely. - • •
S. Creek & ;Philipsburg _T: Co, vs W;, Gr4ham
Waterrnsw, Young 15-Co;. vs - John JamisLn.: -
- Traverse 4tirorU
szcoND WEEK. ,
William Appleby, farmer, Dublin. ,
'David Albright, miller, Porter.
Henry. Boy!es, farmer, Penn. .
Sameel..Bell, farmer, Shirley.
Basil D,evor, farmer, Cromwell.
John Eberly,- farmer, West..
James Fleming, farmer, Jackson.
Thomas Fisher, merchant, Huntingdon.
Samuel Garner, farmer, Penn.
James Hutchison, farmer, Henderson.,
Samuel Harris, farmer, Penn.
Archibald Ilutchison, farmer, Warriorsmark
.E 7 vans Jones, gentleman, Franklin.
William Krii.r, farmer, Warriorsmark.
Daniel Kyper, farmer, Walker.
Thomas Locke, laborer, Springfield.
John Long, merchant, Shirley.
John Murphey, shoemaker, West.
William Morgan, farmer, arriorsmark.
James Morrow, farmer, Franklin.
Charles 'H. Miller, tanner, Huntingdon.
Joseph Marlin, farmer, Porter
George McCrum, Jr., farmer, Barree.
George W. McClain, farmer, Tod.
Jesse McClain, farmer, Tod. -
James S. Oaks, farmer, Jackson.
Andrew Smith, farmer, Union.
Martin Shank, farmer, Wartiorstnark.
William Stewart, farmer, West.
Wm. B. Smith, farmer, Jackson.
Dorsey Silknitter,. farmer, Barree.
Peter C. Swoop; Huningdon
*George L. Travis, mechanic, Franklin.
Michael Ware, farmer, West.
William Hutchison, farmer, Warriorsmark.
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- JOHN PIPER, Sen.
Oct.lo, 1855.-1 Ot*-,
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BY FRANCIB BENNOCH. ,
The: leavesare let them fall
'Tis Heaven's supreme decree that all
That lives must die ;
A little while their glory shone
A little more and they are gone,
,death they lie.
Had we death,' what then were birth ?
A cumberer of this pleasant earth,
. Where all is fair : • •
Through death aloneis found the room
For budding hope, for mental bloom,
.And . manbood rare.
Deny us death—destroy the chance
Of soul mature, the.proud. adv.ance
Of intellect :
Controlling, conquering every plan
That mars the onward march of man
To high respect.
Where men, like granite"colums, stand
Obstructive of the good and grand—
• 0 welcome death !
'They boast they change not! while they
Shore hearts are strayed : theta powor how
How false their faith
Thehar once broken, soon the tide
Of new opinion, deep 'and wide,
Resistless flows :
As age must yield toeager youth,
So falsehood flies before the truth,
And Wisdom grows.
Man, proud of life l.while living, heed
The myriad lives that die to feed
,Thy mortal part ;
And when the immortal soul takes wing,
Those myriad forms again will spring
From brain and heart.
The life which earth and air bestows
Builds up the fabric of the rose ;
Then, earth to earth
The . flower matured gives up its seed ;
The leaves dissolve—dissolving feed
A second birth.
The husk of flesh, the shell of clay,
Must to the imperial soul give way,
And let it' fly— * -
-From coils of pain to boundless bliss,-
To never die
What we call death, is only chango
Of life, ferititting souls to range
Through all the regions God hath made,
In glorious sun or sombre shade,
Thou. body, biace thyself for strife
Thou, soul, prepare thyself for life
Thy noblest nature feels is right,
For, it.unblenching, boldly fight;
For God is there.
THE T'WO WAYS.
A Beautiful Story for the Young
,13y , T. S. ARTHUR..
James Lewis was fifteen• years old. Like
many a lad of his age,he , felt at -times that
the paternal hand. whi3h sought to guide.hira
aright, drew upon.. the rein too often. . He
wished to do many !9things that his father
disapproved, and. often became impatient
when checked by one wiserand more•experi
enced than himself. . ,
In this respect, James was like most young
persons, who think their parents or guardi
ans ate over particular about them, and more
inclined to abridge their pleasure than to wi
den their sphere of enjoyment..
- - "I , think father is very unkind," we have:
heard a boy say, when the .act of the , parent.
was dictated.by the tenderest regard fm .his.
"Mother never likes:to see me enjoying
myself," says a little girl, when some res,
triction . was laid upon her. And yet.that
very restriction is meant to save .hei. from
years of misey in after- life.
Children are not apt to think their , parents
are older and more experienced than. them.:
selves, and in consequence know better. than
they what is for their good. Nor do they
comprehend .the-loving and thoughtful. care,
deepening often into anxious solicitude, with
which they . are ever , regarded., We do not.
greatly: wonder at thisi.because the minds of
children are not perfected,•and their store of
experience is small. Still, they are able to
00 .1 •50, 2'05.
150 225 306
We are!sory to say that 'the words of , Mr:
Lewis clicinot sink as deeply:-into the' heart
of James as they - should haver. done:
true that he thought about them, and, 'to a
certain extent, comprehend their meaning.
But his inclination was strongerthan hisfea- -
son. AsTather had not laid his commands
upon him; he, •after, - a struggle in his . own
mind, between a sense rof right and a desire
to -enter into a pleasure whose charms his
imagination had heightened, suffered himself
to enter the Nay'in- which there was no safe
ty, and dreaming of no danger, he was led
aside into the commission of an act that-viola
ted human and Divine laws. When James
returned home, he felt afraid to meet his fath
er. Oh, how unhappy he was. Never in his
life had he been so wretched. lie had gath
ered the first fruit that hung temptingly frOm
the braricheS that bent over the way he . had
chosen to walk in, but it had proved to his
taste as bitter as wormwood. All that his
father had.said, when warning him not to
choose the way of error, came vividly to his
mind, and almost - with - tears did he repent
of his folly. Alone in his room, bowed down
with shame and self-condemnation, James
Lewis sat after the shadows of evening had
fallen. Gradually, as the twilight deepened i
and his eyes seemed to - reflect the objects
around him, the.mind of -the lad, became fil
led with confusion and rapidly changing im
Suddenly there was a great change; He
found himself stranding on a beautiful_plain,
from which departed two roads towards
which - he was walking. - His mind was trah
quit and happy. One of these roads looked
exceedingly inviting. Bright flowers sprung
thickly, beside it, and trees, among the bran
ches of which sported birds of gayest plu
mage,- grew all along its borders. The other
road . presented nothing attractive. 'The mar
gin wasmearly barren, and began at once to as
cend a steep and somewhat rugged hill, As
James drew near the point where these roads
diverged, he Met an old man, with a' mild'
countenance, and eyes lit up by wiedom.
"You see before you," said the old man,
"the way of life and the road to destruction.
Choose now which you will walk, in. .The
road to destruction looks far more inviting
than , the way, of life, but the flowers you see
have no, - swet.perfume, the fruit than 'hang
temptingly from the trees, are hitter .to taste,-
and, the .road which, leeks, so `smooth and
pleasant, is in reality rough and stony.
"The farther you : go in this road the less
attractive it becomes ; but with every step of
progress in the way, of life, the more beauti
ful all will appear. Tho one leads to death,
the other to life. „Choose now, the way in
which you will walk."' •.
The boy paused only for a few minutes.
He•looked, first at the' attractive way, and
then at the path so full of beauty.,
"The old mail has erred," said he in his
heart. "This is-the: road to happiness and
to life, and the other is the I,vay,„,to destruc-
And then he entered, with hurrying feet,
the road 'to destruction. Earnestly the old
Man calls alter him, and tenderly did he
warn him, but the boy heeded him not.
In his eagerness to reach the 'spot 'at a
slain 'distance from 'the point where, the two
roads separated, and at which there was a
beautiful arbor, with . a fountain throwing
height. waters into the sunny.' air, his foot
struck against a stone that was not perceived,
and he tell to the earth
. with a Stunning jar.
He was in so much pain from the fall when
hey reached the green arbor; that he could not
enjoy its pleasant' shade, nor take delight in
1-I.U:NTI:\.:GDO.) - „ NOVEMBER 14 1855.
act, more wisely,. and thus to secure happiness
in the future, that their parents. and . friendi so
-- often present good precepie, to-their minds;
correct in them - , What . they.-see:tabe wrong,
and seek so constantly . to turn their feet, into
ways of safety.,
But we 'are going to relate someihingannut
a' lad• named lames-Lew is," who• was fifteen
years old. A. boy, who has gained - that- age
generally, has his mind pretty well . stored from
books, and he is able to Think On a good ma
ny subjeCts. And - heis; moreover; very apt
to have a pretty good opinion of himself, and
to believe. that . he knows even better•than his
fatheri,vzhat is best for hina.• • •
James was just such a lad, as,we have here
Picture4and his father 'often' felt- troubled
about him when' he sa w' how perveMely he
I sought to have =his own way, even thciugh it
was not-opposed by his parents.•,
"My- son," said Mr. Lewis, one day, after
having vainly endeavored to make, James un
derstand that sOethiug he wished to:do-was
wrong, "there are two ways of life—one lead
ing to happiness, the other _to misery. At
first -they run almost side by side, and we
may easily step from one to the other; but
soon- they diverge widely, and nevercome in
sight of each other again. The path that
leads' to destruction, my son, looks more-'in
viting to the young and inexperienced, ...than
the one that leads.to happiness. The,flowers
that Grow along ithe margin have brighter
hues and a more attractive perfume, while in
the distance a hundred bright prospects are
given to the eye.
inclined, to walk in this path. But God has
given them parents and friends to point• them
to the : better way -and lead them therein.
They stand as angles of mercy, sent from
Heaven to guide them in the way of life.
James, try and let this thought sink into your
mind. And now I leave you free, in this in
stance, to act as your mind may direct.
have pointed otit the danger that is before'
you. -I have told you that the way in which
you desire to walk is not, the right way. That
what we , feel inclined to do is not_ always
best for us, - because our hearts are evil and
inclined, to' lead us into evil. Left free, as I
now leave you, my, son, let me earnestly en
treat you to,choose .the path of safety. It
may . not be so inviting a,t first; yOu may not
be axle to enter it except through, ielf-clettial;
bur you will not walk in it. long before dis
covering that the flowers which ,spring up
here •and there
,have a sweet and soothing
perfume. andAhat your feet are; not weary,
although the way looked,iough when. viewed
from the path I have so,earriestly warned'you
not to take." .
the beautiful fountain. With a groan, he
threw himself at full length Upon the ,green
sward, where he, had lain only a'few minutes,
when he sprung to his feet in sudden terror,
for close to" hire had crept a poiSonous ser
pent that- was just: about :etwildng him with
its deadly fang..
, With less alOr, the ,boy moved:on, the
way he had chosen: Soon a number of flo*-
ers, glowing in all the colors of the, rainbow,
arrested his eyes, and be stepped aside to
gather them. But their odor was so offensive,
that he threw ; them to the earth quickly.—
Another flower tempted hith by its, beauty,
but, in plucking it, he tore his hands with
thorns. • _
, Pausing now, heloolced back„ and the wish
arose in his,naind that he had taken the oth
er road. He would have retraced his steps;
and-he remembered the serpent at the foun
tain, and feared , to go by- that dangerous place
again. So be moved on once more. Far in
advance there opened before him a beautiful
prOspect and he passed 'on to enjoy the scene.
But all was an illusion—a mirage in the des
When he gained the spot the attraction
had disappeared. And now the road began
to ascend and ,to wind along the skirts of a
forest. His heart grew faint as he entered
deeper,and deeper into the gloomy district,
and he saw no open space ahead,
As he walked fearfully along, a roar shook
the earth , then a bea,st•of prey rushed past
him and struck his - fangs deep into the vitals
of some weaker animal. Terror gave wings
to his feet and he ran deeper into the forest.
Night at length began to come. It was with
difficulty that he could .see his or keep in
the path, which ,had becoine so rough that
be stumbled at almost every step. His feet
were bruised and cut, and he walked onward
"Oh, that I had, taken the 'other,'? he said,,
pushing in the midst 'of the dark forest and
look inglback . But the cry of the wild beasts
arose in the direction from which he .had
come. He moved again, when, suddenly a,
meteor. shot across the sky. By the light
which it gave, he saw himself on the very
brink of a- fearful gulf, and he would have
been lost in. another moment. The shock
startled him frotmhis dream.
f All was dark in the chaniber .where James
Lewis sa - t,.and it - was some moment before,
he could realize ; the. fact that he ,waS in his
father's_ honse, with two, ways yet 'before
.him, and be in, freedom. to choose the one in ,
he'would . walk.
Dear children, if .you ,wish to enter "the
right' way—the way of life, leading to ever
lasting felicity-you must do so through obe
dience. You connot yourself know this way.
rt Must bi pointed out - to, you. If left 'to
yourself, you would be almost certain to
take the road.:to :destruction. The way of
obedience is.the, way of safety. This way
does not look inviting at first, but when you
have entered you see that it grows more
pleasant, attractive *and beautiful at every
step. , Unlike the other, way s no serpents
lurk amid the waving grass, no thorns are
among its,fiowers ; it leads through no dark'
foreSt abounding' in 'ravenous beasts. And
unlike the way which terminates in the gulf
of destruction, it ends in the garden of God.
The Animal Called .a Boy.
"A very uncertain mysterious, inexplica
cable creation is a boy—who can define
himl" I will try. A boy is the spirit of
mischief embodied. A perfect teetotum,
springing round like a jenny or tumbling
heels over head. He invariably goes through
the process of 'leaping over every chair in his
reach ; makes drumheads of the doors turns
the tin pan into symbols; takes the best
knives to dig worms • for bait. and looses
them ; hunts up the molasses cask, and leaves
the molasses running ; is boon companion to
the sugar barrel ; searches tp all the pie and
preserves left from supper, and eats them ;
goes to the apples every ten minutes; hides
his old cap in order to wear his new one ;
cuts his boot accidentally if he wants a new
pair ; tears his clothes for fun ; jumps into
the puddle for sport, and for ditto tracks .your
carpets, marks your furniture, pinches the
baby, worries the nurseoies fire crackers to
the kitten's tail, drops his school books in the
gutter ; while he fishes with a pin ; pockets
the school master's "specs," and finally,
turns sober household 'upside down if. he cuts
his little finger.
He is, a provokable torment, especially to
his sisters. He don't pretend to much - until
he -is twelve. Then begins the rage for
frock coats, blue eyes, curly hair, whitedres
ses, imperfect rhymes and dickies. At four
teen he is "too big" to split wood or go after
water ; and at the time these interesting of-S
aces ought 'to be performed, contrive to' be'
invisible—whether concealed in the garret,
with some old worm eaten novel for company
esconced on the wood pile learning legerde
main, or bound aff on some expedition that
turns out to be more deplorable thin explorable.
At fifteen he has a tolerable experience of the,
world ; but from sixteen to twenty, we may
clear -the track when- he's in sight. He
knows more than Washington ; expresses his
decision with the decision of Ben... Franklin ;-
.makes up his mind that he Was born Willie the
world,' and neW•lay the track of creation;
thinks Providence is nearsighted; understands
theology and the science, of the pronoun i, in
forms his father that pen. Jackson fought the
memorable battle .Of 'New Orleans '• a sks' hii
minister if he dont consider the Bible a little
too orthodox'? In other wards, he knows :
more than he ever will again. just hail one
of these young specimens as a boy at sixteen ?.
and how wrathy he gets. If he • does not an
siver you precisely as the urchin did, who.
angrily exclabied "don't call me boy, I've
smoked these two.vears !" • he will give you
a' withering look that is meant to annihilate
you, turn on his 'heel, and with a curl of the.
lip mutter disdainfully, "who do, *yog call
boy ??'.and Oh . the emphasis !' But, . jesting
aside, an horieit?_ blunt, merry, mischievous
boy:is something, to be proud of, whether as
brothei.or son; for in all his_ scrapes his_c '' ood
heart gets.the better, of him,- and leads him
soon to repentance', and.be sure -be Will re
mern`Jer his fault, at least five minutes.' I
"The Old Folks."
”0, sharper than a serpent's tooth it is to have
, have a thankless child.
"I suppose I must go down and see the old
folks pretty soon, but it is a dull job," said, a
fashionably dressed young man to me one
evening." "The Country is so dull, after
living m the city, that I dread to go there ;
there is nothing to look at, and nowhere to
go I" • •
I perceived that the."old folks" he so dis
respectfully spoke of, were no other than his
own father and mother.
"I. could get along with one day well
enough," lie,said,,"but the old folks are nev
er satisfied unless I stay a week, or three or
four days, and - I get heartsick of it, it is so
dull.. J. used td go and see them once or
twice a year, but now it is between two and
three years since I have been there. I could
go oftener, but it is so tedious; and then they
make so much of -me, and cry so when they
see me, that it makes me feel * bad, because I
do not go as much as I ought ;so sometimes
I think I will not go at all.
How little had this careless e on thought of
his aged parentS, and vet how daily, how
hourly had those aged parents thought of
him, and how many ferventprayers had as
cended to God, for him from that quiet fire
side. He knew not how many evils those
prayers had averted from his ungrateful head
or hoW many blessings they had poured up
But all sons are not thus ungrateful. A
young friend of mine who had resided six
teen years in the same great metropolis, has
never failed twice a year to visit his parents,
and goes often, or whenever it is possible for
him to leave his buSiness. 1 accidently saw
a letter he addressed to a sister a short time
since, which shows that a young'Man- can be
immersed: in extensive business, and yet
find time to love and venerate his mother.
"I received a short Mite from mother," - he'
Writes after hearing shebas been-ill: "I am
fearful she is not improving. If ,she , is any
worse, or becomes dangerous sick, I desire to
know it. .I dread the thought that our meth- .
er cannot be spared to . us many years—at the
best—it may be but a few - rrionths. I have
thought of it very much -for a : few., weeks.—
Although. she has, lived. nearly. her three
score and ten, and nature has almost become
exhausted;'yet hoW I should miss her ; how
we all should minim for her I What a moth•
er she, has- been. to us ; what an example ;-
what a christian ! lam sure of it ; I know
that she has been my dearest object of love
and affection all the days of my life. How
ever- I may have strayed from her - bright ex
amples and her teachings, my mother, has al,
ways been before me, beckoning me to walk
in the right way; and if I have not prayed
myself, with the fervor and devotion - that I
should, I have always felt that she was suppli
cating for me. flow much she, has cared for
us ? What a _sacred treasure, , even to the
end of our lives, will be the memories of our
"I see hennow, as she looked to me, when
she stood, by the bedside of one dying broth
er, cheering him in his sufferings; and I hear
"her say, The same clock that told me the
hour of his. birth, is now telling the- hour ,of
his death I ,.—What a scene was that We ,
know, dear sister„ that.these things must be,
and it is not in a melancholy strain that I
write, but every indication of the approach
ing endlof my mother, stirs within me all the.
tenderest impulses of my heart. • lier remo
val will be to the brightest heaven die when
she may. Old age • is but the threshold of
death, and after a life spent as a mother's
has been, the portals of another world can
have no dreary look."
How ennobling -how touching
young man's words. -We cennot but respect
him for his beautiful reverence and love for
his mother. Years of -life in New York, sub
ject to every snare and every temptation, en
gaged in an extensive business, with the heat
tied passion of youth upon him, yet the one
steady flame of deep_ love for his mother,
burned undimned in his heart.
Mothers, she was a mother word by of such
a Son. She was a christian mother'. Would
you inspire similar love and reverence, be
like her, an earnest and heartfelt. follower of
the blessed Redeemer,
And let every heartless, neglected son. re-,
member the thorns of agony his thoughtless
ness implants - in the hearts of his parents.—
Let him call to remembrance ,the helpless
years of his childhood, and all the self-sacri
ficing love that fill their hearts, and now 're
turn to them and to - Goa the' love gratitude
which are so justly due.—American Hessen-
IVYANOOTT. CORN.—A correspondent of the
Missouri Republican gives the following ac
count of a new species of corn exhibitecipt
the late Illinois State Fait:
A farmer from Waverly, Morgan county,
was there with three large goods boxes filled
with the Wyandott corn, which.he sold to
the.million at twenty;five cent per ear, for
fact seed. He told me thatle bad six acres of
OF, THE N'VEST.—"A single c this corn this season, which yielded, an aver
in regard to the business of the two great , age of ore hundred and fifty bushels .per . acre.'
railroads which connect our city with the This corn was obtained from the Wyandott
East," says the Chicago Press, "niost - stri- I Indian nation three years, ago—and last year
kingly demonstrates the wonderfully rapid was its first yield in Illinois—a half an -acre,
growth of the West. The entire earnings of grown by,this Morgan county- farmer. r . He
the Michigan Central railrod for the yearend- sold the seed at one cent per - kernel, last. fall.
ing June, 1852,,(ciuring which year it was, and winter, to persons throughout the
the only road leading,apross the peninsula of and this year-considerable 'has been grown. •
Michigan, the southern line was already. The ears are from 'five ,to nine inches long,
opened for use in' June, 1§52,) were $1, 0 692- and not so largerouad as the common variety..
947; while this year the gross earning of the-I It is a fine pearly: white, -and has but little
two lines of road will probably exceed $5,- . chit, and grindi nearly all into meal. A ehern
-90,000. The transportation of outward- ical analysis of its properties prove it to 'don , '
bound products, and the importation of out- lain a large proportion of,glutinons, starchy,
ward-bound producta, - and the importation of qualities, and less of spirit and strength than
merchandise to and from the port of Chicago, the "great yelloW dog-tooth corn, 'for which .
by Jake, during the same period, have fairly srickerdorn is famous. This corn is planted '
kept pace with the wonderful increase of one kernel to the hill, and sometimes'in drills..
railroad business. ''Nó wonder, in view of The one kernel forms a mass of .rooty.fibres, -
these'facts, that stocks in the above- roads , often as large as a man's bat, and from these -
and in' those' important lines w'ich' concert shoot up from four to 'nine shoots or stalk's,
the - Mississippi and - Lake Michigan, are, and each of these 'stalks will bear from one '
sought after by capitalists with so much avid- to five ears. A. bill of this corn , was -grown--
ity, and that they command the comparative= this year in
. Upper Alter); from' on.e kernel, •
ly high rates at which they are now held ;1 which multiplied-to the extent of aver. eight .
nor is it at all wonderful that those who have I thiniscind kernels.' This is a' breif description.,
any conception of the immense resources or I of the Wyandott corn as - it-was ghien to me -
the West which yet remain undeveloped have lon the Fair.gronnd, It is now-quite the rage
an abiding confidence that its business must among Sueker-farmersarul my informant sold
go on increasing, in a still more rapid ratio, ! off 'his ears at: a qdarter each like hot cakes. ,
and that stocks -in Its judiciously located i Whether it. will come into general use, and
railroads must - continue to be among - the sa- i whether it: will not tern back 'into comm on fest and moat . lucrative investrnenrs -of eapi- , corn.after a few generations in Illinois• soi/,._
tal." , ; ~, . : , . . _-. .. case, fas is the casithArankee corn artil. pump
[l:7 - Perseverencel kin seed when brought west and p .
s the first step toward:
the temple of fame. time will deter Mine.
We were a few days since on reading an
article in an exchange, struck with the as
tonishing effects ,of emigration iipon
country. As it is a subject that has lately
been occupying the public mind . ' to r a great
extent in the discussiori of - political matters,
we transfer it to Our columns. - •Digctissing
the subject whether Emigration:is beneficial,
"the Philadelphia Evening Arhus, sayS:—
"It may not be imptoper to inquire viliether
or not emigration has been a benefit to the
United, States. Our public reeords . furnish
abundance of facts to enable every than to
investigate the subject and answer the query
in telicTently. In 1790, the White . and free
population of the United States was 4,231,
830. It is claimed that it would have been
wise to have excluded from that period, all
emigration into this country. Now suppo
sing such a policy had prevailed, what would
have been our position in point of popula
r tion I The last census taken in the United
States proves that in , 1:850 the births of the
white and free colored population were 548,
835. The deaths were 2.71,890. ~Thel,i, h ites
are not distinguish from the free colored - Pop;
ulation in the census estimate of births and
deaths, and _we milt take them therefore, to-
aether. The per centage of the increase of
native born population was 1,38
. per cent
of the whole white and free colored poppla:
tion of the united States. Our climaet and
soil, and the facilities which exist for_ the
support of labor make,the per centagelarger
in our country than eteewhere. In England
and Wales, in 1850, the increase was - 1;25
per, cent, In FrancelBsl, it was only 0,44.
Inilussia, in 1835, it was 0,74 per cent.
Prussia, in 1849,. it was
. 1,17 per cent. In
Holland, in 1850, it was 1,23 per cent'. In
Saxony, in 1862, it was 1,08 per cent. This'
comparison of the per centage of increase,in
other nations demonstrates that we may,fair
ly .accept-the per tentage shown by the ceri-:
sus . of 1850, as ncriterion,.favorable to as, of
the proportion of increase - in our native. born
population, which is the result of the excess
of bitths over deaths.
'This per centage of increase -1,38 per
cent—has been faithfully calculated, and 'we
have the tables before us in'a.shape that no
man is likely to gainsay. If_there,•had-boen
ne. immigration since _-1790, , our population
of the'rate of increase refered' to; would have
been hi 1850, '7,355,42.3,:whereas -with im
, the; total free population of the
United States was 19,987,573. Let any true
lover of his country answer at which point
he would prefer the status of 'our population
to he' to . ..day. But suppos e that the desire to
check emigration had come upon us in 1800,
and we had then closed the doors- upon a for
eign populationt the-rate of4ncrease
closed by the statistics 0f , 1850., already allu
-fled to, our free population would ha've-num
bered in 1850, only 8,755,964. , If weliadSo
acted in 1810 our free population would have'
numbered in •1850' only 10,610,343. If we
-had so acted in 1820 even our free population
would have numbered. only 12,218.484. •If
we had corrimenced the work in 1830; xve
should in 1850 have numbered Only 14,280,'-
726. Instead of this .rneagre population•M
the States and Territories, we hail a free pop-,
ulation in 1850, -as we have said : numbered
Let us now look at another view, and • see
what classes we are asked to decry in the
crusade entered into against emmigratton.—
We see what we owe to emmigration, but let
us consider more directly its effect upon our
numbers.. It added in 1:850, if we compute
the-descendants of emigrants, since 1790, anct
exclude ail of foreign birth now in the coun
try-,. the enormous' number of 10,221,2.10 na
tive born persons 'to our population. "Again
we ask, if we should be better or worse situ
ated to-day if we were without this great in
crement to our national strength 1 Withdraw
these ten millions, and a population would be
taken away equal to that which now occupies
the States of Alabama, Arkansas, California,
liloridai Illinois, Indiana, lowa,. Kentucky,
Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi z Missouri;
Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, -Wisconsin and Vir
ginia. We need only ask what,our Union
would be without these States, wich but for
emigration would yet be howling wilderness-'