Newspaper Page Text
Proceedings of the Huntingdon County
Prayer by Rev. J. B. Williams. Minutes
of last Session .read and adopted. Letters
from Professors Ward and Campbell read and
ordered to be' filed with the records of the
Institute. Discussion on the importance of
order and system in the school room conclu
Mr. Pletcher said he thought there.mas too
much diffidence on this subject. There were
a great many ideas advanced in the afternoon
that he had never thought of. He had visi
ted schools in which there was apparently no
order or system, no time for study or recita
tion ; some of the scholars talking, some
reading, some writing ; the teacher too busy
to converse with him ; all was in confusion
and there appeared to be no time for anything.
-He had asked the scholars what time they re
cited certain lessons ; and they. said whenev
er they had time, which often did not hap
pen for two or three days. He had long been
impressed with the importance of order and
system, and would ask for further informa
tion from others present.
Prof. Tomlin said his teaching had been
done in Colleges and Seminaries. He adopt
ed the system of hearing the hardest lessons
in the morning, because the physical and
mental powers are then fresh. Drawing,
painting, and penmanship were reserved for
the last hours of the day. He had a regular
hour for each class to recite ; this he consid
ered the foundation of order and system. As
teachers we should endeavor to set a good ex
ample, and form the habits of students as
well as train their minds. He would advise
strictness on one point—have a definite time
for each recitation, and when that time is
out let the class go. If you extend your
time you are intruding upon the time of the
students and thereby doing them an injury.
Mr. Baker wanted to know whether order
was not important in Seminaries as well- as
in common schools.
Mt . Tomlin said he Was a great strickler
for order : he believed it indispensable in all
schools; he believed the best manner of se
curing it was to adopt the course he had
been speaking of. If students were disposed
to be mischievous he would crowd another
study upon them ; give thentso much to do
that they would have no time for mischief.
He had known some excellent teachers who
could not keep order, and some rigid discip
linarians who were poor teachers. A man's
face, he said, was often more potent in pre
serving order than all the words he could use.
Positive sternness backed by kindness, he
Considered the true element of success. A
teacher should have a few common sense
rules and give his students to understand
that he wanted their common sense to gov
ern them. He did not believe in threatening.
If the teacher is firm and assumes his posi
tion ; giving them to understand that he is
their friend and at the same time their mas
ter, there is not much difficulty.
In concluding, he said there was much ego
tism in human nature. Teachers are not ex
empt from it. But we should be careful ;
there are sharp eyes watching all our move
ments. He had known teachers to cdnsume
half an hour trying to explain what they
knew nothing about rather than acknowledge
their ignorance to the class ; whilst some' of
the class probably knew the trick and from
that moment lost confidence in the teacher.
Mr. Hall, in reply to Mr. Baker's objec
tions to canvassing the district, said if he
could not make it Suit to do this preliminary
work before the time fixed for opening the
school, he had always been able to prevail on
the district to delay a few days and afford
him the opportunity. In fact he would not
take a" school without it ; it was the only
means of making sure a good beginning,
which with him was a matter of great mo
ment. He urged teachers to try the plan,
and assured them that they would be amply
repaid in the awakened interest of their ,
charge at the outset; and the greater success
of their after labor in the schoolroom. He
hoped all would, on next going into a new
district make the effort at any sacrifice of
He, Mr. H., was much pleased with the
spirit and general tenor of Prof., Tomlin's
remarks, and thought his system admirable
for the College and Seminary. He rejoiced
to learn that we had in our neighborhcod an`
Institution under the rigid course of study
described by him. Thoroughness, he had
reason to fear, was not, as in the olden time,
a distinguishing characteristic of our higher
schools. He agreed heartily with the gentle
man in all he had said about perfect recita
tions ; their importance could hardly be over
rated. His own practice was to detain eve
r v scholar that failed in any of the principal
lessons and give him another hearing after
school hours, or require a review in addition
to the regular lessons assigned for the next
day. He regretted that some parts of the
Professor's system were not practicable in
our mixed, common schools. Hearing the
older classes and most difficult recitations
first, though decidedly proper in collegiate
instruction, where the lessons are all prepar
ed in the private study, and where there are
no small children "to weary with waiting"—
was not admissible in common schools.—
Our boys and girls do not generally prepare
their lessons at home, but in school under the
eye of the teacher. In his experience he
had rarely found the classes in geography,
grammar, history, philosophy &c., prepared
to recite at the opening of school in the morn
ing. They must have time for preparation,
and during that time he heard the small chil
dren spell, read, count, &c; then the classes in
primary geography, oral arithmetic &c.; and
thus went on to the top of the scale. Two of
the most advanced classes were generally re
served for the last half hour of each session,
when, the other work being done, there was
less to divert either teacher or class from the
business in hand. He agreed with Mr.
Pletcher end others, that in common schools
the youngest classes should be first heard ;
and it was his custom also to dismiss these
nearly an hour before the regular time of clo
sing school. But this last was not proper
under all circumstances- It should always
be done in towns, perhaps not generally in
' On the plan of having afixed time for each
recitation, Mr. H. said he did not thi.ik it
possible to make thorough work in a com
mon school if the teacher was strictly limit
ed, tied down to a specified number of min
utes, for hearing each class. He had tried it
effectUally and failed, and he had known oth
ers to fail. When a young man he had
thought the decipline of the school could and
should be reduced to military precission, and
all the exercises to mat henaaticai accuracy.
Re had long since discovered that these no
tions were visionary, and that the machinery
of the school-room was a little different from
clock-work. There must, however, be meth
od in the hearing of recitations, as in every
thing else. The teacher must have a com
plete programme of the day's work distinct
ly before himat the time he begins it; the
classes must know in. advance how much
they will be called on to recite and when it
will be done ; and the teacher should be able
to judge nearly what time the proper hear
ing of each lesson assigned, will occupy.—
By carefully attending to these points. he
might so vary the time devoted to each class
as to suit the condition of his school and yet
avoid confusion. The professor of a college,
while hearing a class, had, he said, no other
present duty to divide his attention ; the tea
cher of a mixed school was not thus exempt.
To keep up the interest of a single class was
the pastime of the 'professor ; this was one
thing. To preserve order and quiet industry
in six or eight additional classes at the lime
of recitation, was the task of the teacher,
and was quite a different thing. The class
instructor's system of recitation might be
fixed and unchanging ; the school teacher's
must be flexible and imit of limited varia
Gentlemen had said teachers are egotistical
and lack independence. The former he
would call a blemish, the latter a positive
disqualification for the profession. The tea
cher should be modest and unassuming, but
at the same time perfectly independent- He
should be willing to receive advice from all,
suffer dictation from none. He should love
his profession, and honor it by a manly
maintainance of its reputation and rights.—
He should consider his calling a high and
holy one; and faithfully, fearlessly, and dis
pile all difficulties, press on in the discharge
of its responsible duties, holding himself re
sponsible only to God and his own conscience.
Essay by Mr. Benedict—subject, Law of
Success. Messrs. Hall, Stewart and Keith
appointed a committee to procure a copy for
State Temperance Convention
A Slate Temperance Convention was held
at Harrisburg on Wednesday last, at which
the following resolutions were unanimously
WHEREAS, it has pleased a gracious Prov
idence to permit the friends of Prohibition
to meet in mass convention after another
year's labor in this work of humanity, and
whereas, our cause has greatly prospered in
this, and other States, since we last met,
Resolved, That as we rely on Divine wis
dom to guide, and upon the Divine blessing
to crown our labors with success, we would
express our grateful acknowledgements for
the prosperity of the past, and most earnest
ly implore the continuation of God's watch
ful care and protection, in all our efforts to
protect society from the evils of intemper
Resolved, That in the election of the lion.
James Pollock to the office of Governor of
this State, he being pledged in favor of Pro
hibition, ve have a sure evidence that the '
people desire the passage of a prudent and
. Liquor Law.
Resolved ; That in judging of the true char
acter of the late vote on the question of Pro
hibition, it should be borne in mind, that
while a majority of the votes cast may elect
a candidate to office, nothing less than a ma
jority of the whole vote of the State, can in
dicate the opposition of public sentiment to
a prohibitory law.
Resolved, That as the legislature of 1854
forced upon us the necessity of voting upon
the question of Prohibition—without the law
—in the face of our protest, and in the pre
amble of their bill declared the intention to
be "the obtaining of a - correct indication of
popular sentiment," for the benefit of the
present session, therefore, the failure of the
liquor party to poll a majority of the votes
cast for Governor, against a Prohibitory, Law
under the most favorable circumstances for
them, is, and should be considered as an in
dication of popular sentiment in favor of the
Resolved, That we endorse the position of
the delegate Convention in June, and claim
that we are of right entitled to all the votes
not cast against a Prohibitory Law, as those
who did not vote cannot be considered as hos
tile to it.
Resolved, That as a majority of the dis
tricts and counties of the State have given
majorities for the law, and as they are repre
sented by a majority in both houses of the
Legislature, we therefore consider that the
representatives are thereby instructed to vote
for a mild and prudent Prohibitory Law, for
the whole State, upon the established princi
ple that a representative is bound to obey the
will of his constituents.
Resolved, That in advocating the passage
of a Prohibitory Law, we are contending for
a great principle, and not for any particular
form of action ; therefore, any efficient law
which deprives the liquor traffic of the pro
tection of government, and prohibits the
sale of intoxicating liquors, as a beverage,
will receive our sanction and secure our sup
Resolved, That in the construction of a
Prohibitory Law, we desire the penalties to
be as mild as is consistent with efficiency,
and recommend the leaving out of all fea
tures that are justly obnoxious, or of doubt
Resolved, That as the miseries of the li
quor traffic fall the most heavily on women,
who have no votes, and as it is well known
that nine-tenths of them are in favor of, and
earnestly implore relief at our hands, it be
comes more than ever the duty of the Legis
lature to protect them, as they have no means
of protecting themselves.
Resolved, That we will support those who
support our cause, and under no circumstan
ces will we adhere to any party which either
abandons or opposes the principle of Prohi
State Agricultural Society
The annual meeting of the Pennsylvania
State Agricultural Society, was held at Har
risburg on Tuesday, and an election of offi
cers took place. Judge Watts having declin
ed a re-election to the Presidency, James Go
wen, Esq., of Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, was
elected President. Vice Presidents were al
so chosen. one from each Congressional dis
trict. The officers for the year are as follows:
President, JAMES GOWEN.
Vice President.i., Isaac B. Baxter, A. T.
Newbold, Wm. C. Rudman, Algernon S. Rob
erts, Thos. P. Knox, Abraham R. Mcilvaine,
William Stavely, Henry P. Robeson, John
Strom, John P. Rutherford, Amos Kapp, Geo.
W. Woodward, Aug. Lukenbaugh, William
Jessup, H. N. McAlister, Jacob S. Haldeman,
William Hiester, John S. Isett, John McFar
land, John H. Ewing, John Murdock, Wm.
Martin, r., WITX . Waugh, Wm. Bigler; James
The folly wing gentlemen were appointed
additional members of the Executive Com
mittee :'Hon. Frederick Watts, of Chambers
burg; John S. Evans, Esq., of York; A. 0.
Mester, Isaac G. McKinley ; and Gen. Simon
Cameron, of Dauphin county. A. L. Elwyn,
Corresponding Secretary. S. S. Haldeman,
Esq., Chemist and Geologist. David Mum
ma, Esq., of Dauphin county, Librarian.
fiN - G DON, PA.
Wednesday', January 24, 1855.
Cir oulation—the largest in the County.
SEE NEW AXWERTJSEMENTS.-TO Bridge
Builders. Female Library Association. J.
Higgens & Son. Sheriff's sale. Administra
tor's Notice. New Street File Works, Phila.
7 Gov. POLLOCK has announced the fol
ANDREW G. CURTAIN, Whig K. N., of
Bellefonte, Secretary of - the Commonwealth.
Thos. E. FRANKLIN, Whig K. N., of Lan
caster, Attorney General.
JOHN M. SULLIVAN, Whig K. N., of But
ler, Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth.
HENRY C. HicsoK, of Lewisburg, (once a
Democrat, but for several years past the edi
tor of an opposition paper in Union county,)
Deputy Superintendent of Common Schools.
From the appointments already announced
by Gov. P., the fact is pretty clearly estab
lished that Know-Nothing Democrats may
knock but the door wont be opened unto
INAUGURATION OF GOV. POLLOCK.—The
Harrisburg papers agree that there was a
great crowd, and more "noise and confusion"
at the seat or government on inauguration
day than was ever known to be there before.
By Tuesday morning fifteen uniformed com
panies had arrived, numbering over one thou
sand men. The number of people, great and
small, including about eight thousand who
would not refuse office, was variously esti
mated at from eight thousand five hundred to
fifteen thousand. The Union says an inci
dent occurred during the ceremony of admin
istering the .oath to Gov. P. It was this.—
When the Speaker of the Senate said to him
—'you do swear you will support the Con
stitution of the United States," Gov P.
bowed, and as he did so the scaffolding upon
which they stood broke down. It was omin
ous, adds the Union, and indicated that the
time was coming when there would be a break
down of this Know-Nothing party.
After reading over several columns of pro
ceedings as reported for the Harrisburg pa
pers, we can give nothing of interest as hav
ing been acted upon by either'tbe Senate or
the House. "Time killing talk" is the order
of the day every day, and not until after the
election of a United States Senator, can much
of interest be looked for. Two or three li
quor bills and a number of others of a local
character have been read—petitions presen
ted, and the standing committees instructed
to report business for consideration.
Webster and Everett on Know-Noth-
The voice of the illustrious statesman of
Marshfield, Daniel Webster—incomparably
the greatest man the opposition to the democ
racy ever producedin this country—was once
respected by his party when he enunciated
political sentiments. Not many years since
Daniel Webster thus expressed himself :
" Alt secret associations the members of
which take upon• themselves extraordinary
obligations, and are bound together by secret
oaths, are naturally sources of jealousy and
just alarm to others, are especially unfavora
ble to harmony and mutual confidence among
men living together under popular institu
tions, and are dangerous to the general cause
of civil liberty and good government."
Mr. Everett, when goyernor of Massachu
setts, said in his inaugural address in 1836 :
" All secret associations, particularly such
as resort to the aid of secret oaths, are
liarly at war with the genius of republican
HUNTINGDON COUNTY.—Front the Auditor
General's Report for 1854, we compile the
following list of moneys paid into the State
Treasury by Huntingdon county :
Tax on Real and Personal Estate,
J. M. Stevens, Treasurer, 7307 76
John Marks, late cc 5529 37
Tavern Licences, 200 00
J. M. Stevens, 400 00
John Marks, 748 32
Distillery and Brewery Licences, 22 80
Billiard room &c. Licences, 38 00
Eating, Beer House, &c., Licences, 80 28
Patent Medicine Licences, ' 10 45
Militia tax, 232 26
Tax on Writs, Deeds, Wills, &c.,
T. H. Cremer, Prothonotary &c. 150 09
M. F. Campbell, Register, &c., 93 00
Collateral Inheritance tax, 414 00
The valuation of taxable real and person
al-property is set down at $5,447,844. As
sessment of tax, $16,746 33.
The Detroit Democrat, the Detroit Tri
bune, and several other western papers that
were decidedly in favor of the Know-Noth
ing party, have come out in open hostility to
the principles of the secret order,
HURRICANE IN PHILADELPHIA.—The Phil
ad:>lphia Bulletin, of Monday says :
" Duriag last night the city was visited by
a furious storm of wind and rain, which ex
ceeded any similar storm that has been expe
rienced for many years. Several buildings
were blown down, others were.un roofed, trees
were uprooted, vessels were sunk, the Mar
ket street bridge was partially unroofed, awn
ings were torn to ribbons, fences were pros
trated, and a general scattering of moveable
property took place."
In pursuance of an adjournment, the Hun
tingdon county Agricultural Society met in
the Court House, on Tuesday evening the 9th
of January, and was called to order by the
On motion, Maj. Charles Mickley of Tod
township, was elected Secretary pro tem.
On motion of John Williamson, Esq., the
meeting proceeded to the adoption of a Con
stitution, which, after some discussion, was
adopted, as follows :
Art. Ist. This Association shall be known
by the name of The Huntingdon County Ag
ricultural :society. Its objects shall be the
improvement of Agriculture, Horticulture
and Domestic arts.
Art. 2nd. This Society shall consist of all
such persons as shall annually pay to the
Treasurer the sum of fifty cents. The initi
ation fee, of fifty cents, to be paid to the
Treasurer on signing the Constitution.
Art. 3d. The officers of this Society shall
be a President, and one Vice President in
each township, two Recording Secretaries,
one Cot:responding Secretary, a Treasurer, a
Librarian, and an Executive Committee to
consist of the above named officers.
Art. 4th. The President shall have the gen
eral supervision of all the affairs of the soci
ety. In case of death, resignation, or ina
bility of the President to perform the duties
of his office, the Executive Committee shall
select a Vice President to act in his steal,
who shall perform the same duties as the
President until the next annual election.
Art. sth. The Treasurer shall keep an ac
count of all moneys paid into his hands, and
shall pay only such bills as have been audit
ed and approved by the Executive Commit
tee ; each order for payment must be signed
by the President.
Art. 6th. The Corresponding Secretary
shall invite a correspom'ence with the presi
dents or other officers of the various county
associations, for the purpose of ascertaining
the result and progress of their efforts ; and
to invite mechanics to forward models or jai
plements for examination and trial.
A:t. 7th. The Recording Secretaries shall
keep a true record of the minutes of the so
ciety and of the Executive Committee ; and
shall prepare for publication such parts of the
transactions of the Society as may be desig
Art. Bth. The Librarian shall take charge
of all the books, pamphlets, &c., and shall
preserve all seeds, implements or whatever
property the society may possess.
Art. 9th. The Executive Committee shall
transact the business of the society, generally,
and shall designate the time and place for
annual fairs or exhibitions, regulate the ex
penditures, and keep such general charge of
affairs, as may best promote the interests of
the Society. They shall select their own
chairman. and meet once every three months;
five members shall form a quorum. They
may call special meetings of the society
when deemed necessary.
Art. 10th. This Society shall meet annual
ly, on Wednesday evening of the first week
of January Court, at Huntingdon, when all
the officers of the society shall be elected by
ballot for the ensuing year . , anti . until an
other election. They shall also hold a gen
eral meeting at the time of the annual fair,
and special meetings whenever called by the
Ten-members shill form a quorum for the
transaction of business, but no member in ar
rears shall be entitled to the privileges of the
Art. 11th. This Constitution may be altered
or amended, at the annual meetings in Janu
ary, by a vote of two-thirds of the members
On motion, the society proceeded to the
nomination and election of officeos for the
ensuing year as follows :
President—HON. JONATHAN MCWILLIAMS.
- Vice Presidents—
Joseph Reed, West township.
William Oaks, Barree.
Peter Stryker, Porter.
Thos. E. Orbison, Cromwell.
Wm. B. Smith, Jackson.
Kensie L. Green, Clay.
A. B. Sangree, Walker.
Robert Tussev, Morris.
John Garner, Penn.
George Wilson Esq., Tell.
Thos. Neely Esq. Dublin.
Jacob Miller, Henderson.
Samuel H. Bell, Shirley.
David Aurandt, Esq., '4"od.
Gen. G. W. Speer, Cass.
Jacob Baker, Springfield.
Simeon Wright, Union. •
Gen. J. C. Watson, Brady.
David Parker Esq., Warriorsmark.
James Entriken, Hopewell.
Recording Secretaries—J. S. Barr, and J. S
Corresponding Secretary—Dr. John Gem
Treasurer—Hon. James Gwin.
Librarian—Theo. H. Cremer,
On motion, the meeting adjourned to meet
on Wednesday evening of the April Co'irt.
No CHANGE IN THE CABINET. The Wash
ington Union of a late date, has the follow
ing authorative notice :
It is well known that we do not attempt
to contradict the numberless falsehoods daily
sent, or which purport to be sent by tele
graph or otherwise, from this city in relation
to the President and the different members of
his cabinet; but the intention of Mr. Guthrie
to resign is announced with such an assur
ance of reliable authority, that we deem it
proper to say that it is without the slightest
foundation in truth. Such an idea was-nev
er entertained for one moment either by the
President or the Secretary, and we may as
well add, that the rumors which have gained
circulation within the last eighteen months
with regard to contemplated changes in the
cabinet, and all rumors of dissensions be
tween its different members, or between any
one of them and the President, are each and
all absolutely and entirely groundless.
A Lawyer Drowned
About nine o'clock last evening, Clinton
Welch, aged about 30 years, a lawyer and re
sident of Lewisburg, Union County, Pa., was
accidentally drowned in the Delaware above
Chesnut street. Every effort was made to
save him, but all in vain. His hat, which
floated on the surface of the water, was pick
ed up by officer Elton head and taken to the
station house. This morning., sergeant
Grant, of the 6th ward, proceeded to the store
of the makers, Messrs. Sullender & Pascal!,
in Market street, and the name of the deceas
ed was ascertained. Mr. Welch had attend
ed the inauguration of Governor Pollock, and
came to the city on Wednesday evening.
In company with a friend, he stopped at the
store of Messrs. S. & P., yesterday morning
and purchased the hat. His body has not
been recovered ? The unfortunate man, when
he arrived in the city, took lodgings at the
American Hotel.—Phila. Bullztin, Jan. 19.
THE WAR IN THE CRIMEA,
An American Sea Captain's Opinion.
The Boston Journal publishes the follow
ing letter from the captain of the American
steamship Benjamin Franklin, now employ
ed as a transport in the Black Sea :
KAMEISH, CRIMEA, Dec. 12, 1854.
The place from which I date this letter, (ex
pectin °. to be the bearer of my own despatch
es as far as Constantinople to-morrow) is the
post occupied chiefly by the French as Balak
lava is by the English, and is about seven
miles distant from Sebastopol. The harbor
is excellent, and well protected from south
west gales, which are the most violent winds
of the Black Sea.
There are now in port 280 transports, be
sides some 15 or 20 men-of-war. Most of
the former are stationary store ships, many
of which have been lying here since the oc
cupation of the port in October. There are
besides now in the harbor several steamers
in the service of government, which, like my
own, are discharging or receiving cargo and
troops. Of the latter we brought about 400,.
and every day brings fresh arrivals of them.
Being chartered to give all our capacity to the
service of the government, the full benefit of
the term is taken, and after filling nearly the
whole ship with cargo, excepting the coal
bankers, the decks are covered with troops.
Now for the "seat of war !" Here we are,
' , Death-shots, filling thick and fast,
Like lightnings from the mountain cloud,"
don't hit very often however. But the noise
is all around us. By walking three or four
miles, a safe and convenient spot may be se
lected where the camps and Sebastopol may
be seen. Our engineer, being an inquisitive
Yankee, and wishing "to see just how things
were, because he knew he should be asked at
home," became very nearly not able to give
the desired information, as a shell dropped
within a yard or two of him, and covered
him with dirt. He picked up a piece of it
for Barnum, and he has not extended his
walks in that direction since.
I have no doubt you are all waiting to hear
by the "next steamer" of the fall of Sebasto
pol. Now mind, I may be mistaken, but you
will wait a while longer. The siege drags
heavily. No general attack has been made,
and none can be mane. The force in Sebas
topol is supposed to be no more than 25,000
men, but there are at least' 100,000 men ho
vering about within a few miles-or leagues.
A general attack on the fortress would bring
this immense herd down on the unprotected
ports of Balaklava and Kameish, and upon
the rear of the besiegers.
In fact the allies may now be considered as
the besieged. Sorties are continually made
upon -their outworks from the forts, and the
only wonder is, that they are not more often
attacked by the force outside. A tremei,
does firing was heard from 5. o'clock till mid
night last night, and it appears this morning
that the Russians made a sortie and were re
pulsed, but card& off two guns with them.
As yet there are no signs of provisions fail
ing in Sebastopol, and though the aqueduct
is cut off, they get supplies by night from
across the bay. ft seems that they might re
3eive reinforcements this way, if they requir
ed them which they do not. There are re,
ports that part of the outside forces are reti
ring for want of provisions.
This however, is very doubtful, One
thing is certain, that the allies are not very
corrifortably situated. The French fare bet
ter than the Engish in this respect, for, as I
have already observed, their ideas of food are
peculiar ; they are more accustomed to a poor
diet, and can be brave on a mouldy biscuit
and a little sour wine, whereas beef and por
ter have to do with an Englishmans pluck.
Besides, the French are better provided with
tents and clothing and hospital stores. Still
there is much sickness among them as well as
among the English, though not to the same
extent. The trimea, hereabouts, is a dreary,
inhospitable country at this season, and the
Russians have thoroughly followed out the
Moscow system, and razed every hamlet to
the ground that could possibly afford shelter.
The great mistake the allies have made,
(unless the mistake of undertaking this war
was a greater one,) was that of not attacking
Sebastopol earlier arid with a greater force at
the outset. They are now about 60,000 men
on a foreign soil, badly provided for, in the
winter season, against 125,000 tough natives,
either in a comfortable fortress, or with their
own country behind them.
It is true that the allies are frequently re
ceiving reinforcements, but death is busy at
work likewise, and doing his utmost to keep
the balance in his favor. Again, the Russians
know that they are defending their own coun
try, whereas the French and English troops
have very uncertain ideas of what they are
fighting about, and evince but precious little
You have now the means of drawing your
Temporal Power of the Pope
In the U. S. House of Representatives on
Thursday, in Committee on the Pacific Rail,
road bill, Mr. Chandler, of Philadelphia, took
occasion to exnlain and vindicate the Catho
lics of the Ulitod States from the inculpa
tions of the Know-Nothing advocates. The
following is a sketch of the speech :
Mr. Chandler rose in reply - to the Know-
Nothing speech of Mr. Banks, of Massachu
setts, who, he said, had made special and in
culpatory remarks regarding the Roman Cath
olic Church, involving in the inculpation the
charge of latent treason against the members,
or at least an imputation that there is an ar
ticle of their religious faith which overrides
all fealty to this . government, and which
would render them unworthy of public trust,
suspected citizens and dangerous officers.—
Standing here almost alone, in the assertion
of a fact which seems to be doubted, he was
without the sympathy of a host of partisans
to sustain him and to pardon the infirmity of
his defence of the principles which he advo
cated. He denied that the Pope of Rome
has, or claims for himself, the right to inter
fere with the political relations of any other
country than that of which he is himself the
subject, and he denied the right of the Pope,
resulting from his divine office, to interfere
between subjects and sovereigns and citizens
While he made this denial, .he aeknowl,
edged all his obligations to that Church of
which he was an humble member. He would
not yield a single dogma, nor explain it away
to suit the spirit of the times. No ! He be
lieved all that the Church believes_and teach
es as religious dogmas, and must regard him
self as involved in the general censure of the
gentleman from Massachusetts. He clearly
and distinctly denied that
,the power of the!
Pope extends one grain beyond his spiritual
relations, or infringes in the least degree on
the duty which any Roman Catholic owes to
the government under which he lives. If he
said, by the Providence of God, a Bishop of
Rome should possess himself of an army to
invade the territory of the United States, or
to assail the rights of our country, he would
find no more earnest antagonists than the
Roman Catholics! If I should not be here
to vote supplies to our army, and too old to
take part in the battle, I would be found in
the privacy of my chamber, or at the foot of
the altar, imploring God for the safety of my
country and the defeat of the invaders. [Ap
plause, which Mr. Orr, Chairman of the-Com
mittee, checked, reminding gentleman that it
was unbecoming in a deliberative assembly.
Mr. Chandler resumed—lf the spirit o
conquest should seize on the wearer of the
tiara, and he should seek to subjugate Italy,
provoking the arms of other nations against
his own State, I would look on the chances
of defeat of his arms as coolly and compla
cently as on the mischievous. schemes of any
other ambitious monarch. This was his-be
lief, and fully and openly asserted by every
Bishop in the United States. In proof, he
read from the writings of Bishops England,
Renwick, Hughes, Spalding, Troy, and oth
ers. He scorned to utter less than the whole
truth, and referred to other times, when the
Pope dethroned kings, but only when it was
required by existing constitutions or compacts
for the benefit and at. the instance of the gov.
erned. In the language of Bishop England,
"God never gave to the Pope any temporal
power to depose kings, or interfere with po
litical concerns, and any rights which the
successor of St. Peter claims for that purpose
must be derived from some other source."
He condemned the inequality in citizens,
which the Know-Nothings seek to establish,
saying that if this should be done it would
be long-before that class will demand as a_
boon, what freemen claim, and in conclusion
said, "With my hand on my heart, and my
eyes towards Heaven with reverence, E ap
peal to God to witness the truth of the asser
tions which I have made, with the convic
tion of knowledge and the credibility of the
testimony I have adduced from others."
Books ! Books ! ! Wall Paper ! ! !
l ir ar OL bo U o ‘ ks ES ti o m f n s e u w bse a r n i d ber po l:a. n a .
just received from Boston, New York and Phil
adclphia, comprising the greatest . .44ej „ 7 „
variety and most extensive stock 1 4 1 4 i.y
ever brought to the interior of the 'fhltitalls.t'
State. His STATIONERY is also of great
variety and superior quality, in part as follows=
Letter, Cap and Note Paper, Gold and Steel
Pens, Inkstands, Blank and Time Books, Dia
ries for 1855, &e. Also, Harper's, Putnam's,
Godey's and Graham's Magazines, received
every month as soon as out. 2000 copies of the
books recommended by the Teachers' Instituto
and Board cf Directors of the county: Green,
lief's Arithinctics and Algebra, 'Pawn's Spellers,
and Swan's Readers, 3600 Payson & Dunton's
Boston Copy Books, being the best system as
well as the best executeebooks ever offered to
the public, for sale at lowest wholesale prices.
1000 pieces Wall Paper from 9 to 13c for com.
mon, 18, 23, 27c for glazed, and 1,25 to $2 for
gold. All of the above stock is offered extreme,
ly low for cash—the public will please call and
examine.' Store opposite Whitaker's Hotel.
Railroad street. Wlll, COLON.
Huntingdon, Oct. 18, 1854.
Confectionary, Fruit and Toys,
In ilfarket.Square, Huntingdon, Pa.
rIIHE public generally, and the little ones in
L particular, are requested to call at Mosbus'
Establishment, where all kinds of SWEETMEATS,
CANDIES and Nuts, and a large assortment of
Toss can be had. Please call and examine for
At H. Roman's Clothing Store,
Overcoats for $4 50
Lined Pants " 2 00
Vests 14 75
Call and examine fob• yourseivcs.
Huntingdon, Oct, 10th, 1854,
SOAP AND CANDLE
Maltz Street one door west of the "Globe"
TIREDERICK LIST informs the citizens of
Huntingdon, and of the county, that he has
commenced the manufacture of mould and dip
Candles and Rosin Soap, one door west of the
"Globe" office, on Main Street, Huntingdon,
where he will always be prepared to fill orders
at city prices.
TALLOW WANTED, and the highost cash
price will (e paid,
Huntingdon, Dee. 5. 1854.
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sirable to every one who has a rod of ground'to
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December 5, 1854.