Newspaper Page Text
-4 UNITED POWER
OF SIX NATIONS
Declares War on England ans
John Bull Strikes Back
FLEET ORDERED TO ATTACK
•'Capture or Destroy Enemy" Is Mes
sage Flashed to Waiting Fleet Ir.
North Sea as Soon as Momentous
Decision Is Reached—Over Half a
Billion Voted by Parliament For
Germany and Austria-Hungary are
now fighting Servia, Russia, France,
England, Belgium and Montenegro.
It is probable that Japan will join
the fray and then the odds will be
seven powers against two.
A report of a great naval engage
ment between English and German
fleets in the North sea is momentarily
—„... _ The world stands aghast at the ac
tion of the German emperor in seem
ing to challenge the whole world to
mortal combat. If, he had not invad
ed Belgium, a neutral state whose iu
tegrity England is bound to defend, it
is possible that England would have
The die is cast and the odds seem
to be heavily against the powers who
brought on the war—Austria-Hungary
London, Aug. 5. —Great Britain de
clared war on Great Britain last night
and at about the same time Germany
declared war on Great Britain.
Immediately this message was sent
by the British admiralty to the great
British fleet in the North sea:
"Great Britain declares war on Ger
many. Capture or destroy the enemy.
It was reported that a great naval
battle was already on. King George
declared the mobilization of the army
and parliament had voted $5-5,000,000
for emergency purposes.
Germany declared war on Belgium
and German artillery began shelling
Liege and Namur,.two of the impor-j
taut cities in Belgium last night. This
action followed a second ultimatum
sent by Germany to the small coast
kingdom saying that Germany would
be compelled to use force of arms j
ftgainst Belgium because the latter re |
fused to give Germany permission tc
violate the Belgian neutrality. Ger
man troops at once advanced near
Germany declared war on France
and one of her armies of invasion op
| erating from Metz has crossed the
frontier at Mars et Tour. The French
fortress of Longwy is besieged, ac
j cording to reports, and with three
j German columns already in the prov
! ince of Meurthe et Moselle, prepara
tions are being made to attack Nancy
■ Germany repeated her call upon
j Italy to support her, but the latter
again refused and still maintains her
Sweden has declared her neutrality
| in the European conflict and is mobil
izing her forces to defend her neutral
It is reported that a German army
has invaded the Dutch province of
Limburg and that steps are being tak
en by the Netherlands to uphold her
neutrality, even to cutting the dykes
pnd flooding the country.
The British government's declara
tion of war is as follows:
"The government is informed that
Germany declared war against this
country at 7 p. m. today, when the
British ambassador was handed his
passports. A state of war, therefore,
exists between Germany and this
j country as from 7 p. m. Aug. 4."
Immediately a wireless was flashed
i to the vessels of the British fleet noti- j
fyiug the commanders of the various
vessels of the declaration of war by
A personal message by King George
to the fleet was also flashed in which j
j he expressed confidence that it would j
repeat the glories of the navv and
protect the British empire in its hour
A report reached here that the Brit
ish and German fleets were engaged
off the Scottish coast and that a nun -
ber of wounded from the fleet had
been brought ashore at Cromarty.
King George's telegram to the Rus
sian emperor in a final effort to avoid
war and the emperor's reply have
been made public. The king, express
ing the opinion that there had been
some misunderstanding to lead to the
breaking off of negotiations, said:
"I make a personal appeal to you
to remove the misapprehension and
leave open the ground for negotiations
for possible peace."
The Russian emperor replied that
he would have accepted the proposals
had not Germany declared war.
"Germany," says the emperor,
showed no disposition to mediate and
her preparations and those of Austria
made it imperative that Russia should
mobilize, but I gave most categorica.-
assurances to the German emperoi
ithat the Russian troops wcuia not
move so long as the negotiations con
tinued." Tlk reply concludes:
"I trust that your country a*ill not
ATE ANDWAS SAD
Vet It Was a Dish For Which He
Had Yearned For Years.
A TRAGEDY IN GASTRONOMY.
Bouillabaisse as Sung by Thackeray
and as Served In a Famous Mar
seilles Resort Proved Very Different
Propositions to an English Epicure.
We all know that famous poem ol
I Thackeray's which begins.
A street there is in Paris famous
; For which no rime our language yields.
and goes on to tell of the tavern where
i the genial Tit marsh in the days when
he was a Paris correspondent "ate and
drank the bouillabaisse"
As a result of that delightful poem
tens of thousands of Englishmen have
yearned to eat bouillabaisse. Thacke
ray puts it so beautifully! The steam
ing dish of stewed fish that he con
jures up in his iines—how appetizing it
seems! 1 know that it was quite early
in my teens when 1 first read that
poem, and from that moment there j
was formed in my mind a firm resolve 1
to eat some day of bouillabaisse.
My opportunity came not long age
when f visited Marseilles. It was j
nearly half past 9 when I sat down in
the dining room of the hotel.
"There is no bouillabaisse on the '
menu." 1 said severely to the maitre
d'botel. "I have come to Marseilles
specially to eat it." He replied that it j
was not a specialty of the house, but
that it could always be prepared. How
long would it take? Twenty-five min
utes, perhaps a little longer. "But 1
think monsieur would find it rather
heavy at such a late hour."
He was uot encouraging, this maitre
d'hotel. I did not accept for a moment
his suggestion that bouillabaisse was
too heavy a dish for half past 9 at
night. Thackeray had not talked about j
heaviness. But twenty-five minutes! j
I ordered an omelet.
At midnight, walking down the fa '
mous Cannebiere, back to the hotel, i I
was hailed by a familiar voice. It was j
that of a friend whom I had not seen ;
for a long time. Gratefully I grasped :
his hand and told him that I intended
to eat bouillabaisse as soon as possible
And my respect for him was consider
ably enhanced when he told me that be
had eaten some that very afternoon,
an hour after his arrival in Mar
seilles. Here was the true spirit, and
I related to him. with some bitterness,
my experience with the maitre d'Lotel
"Well, it is rather heavy stuff." he
said. But I brushed this aside, and we
arranged to meet at lunch on the mor
row, when I should have the best that
Marseilles could give me.
.There, are, as everybody knows,, two
! places at Nfarseilles for Uouillabaisse-
Pascal's and Basso's, on the Vieu;
Port. We decided on Basso's,
j "Bouillabaisse," I said laconically,
j paid no attention to what my frien<
i ordered. No other dish interested me
But in a minute or so a curious look
ing mess was set down before him.
"What's that stuff you're going t<
#at?" 1 asked
"That's bouillabaisse," he said, "bul
it's not mine."
I started This bouillabaisse, this cu
rious looking stuff, with indigestibU
looking lumps of fish floating in a bil
ious and oily saffron liquid! I know
not what 1 had expected bouillabaisse
j to be, but it certainly was not this.
There was a piece of fish which I rec
ognized as eel, and I loathe eels. The
j broad tail of another and unknown
fish stuck up out of the opaque liquid.
But it was the yellow liquid Itself
which repelied. It shouted biliousness,
and the smell of saffron that arose with
the steam made me feel ill. Oh, Thack
I pecked at the eel—or it may have
i been a lamprey—explored the various
other fish, tasted gingerly of the thick
saffron liquid on one of the pieces of
toast that floated in it. But mine was
J no palute for bouillabaisse. 1 made
; the waiter take the mess away and
bring lamb cutlets.
But 1 had tasted of bouillabaisse and
was uot to forget it All day long the
terrible taste of saffron remained with
me. Nothing would shift it; not Mar
seilles tea, nor many golden bocks, nor
dinner. In fact, the bouillabaisse of
lunch spoiled the dinner. And at mid
night, in a cafe on the Cannebiere, my
friend confided a secret to me. "When
we fell in with each other just twenty
four hours ago," he said, "I was suf
fering just as you are now. The hor
rible taste of saffron had remained ob
stinately with me ever since lunch and
has not quite gone even yet. But you
told me you bad come to Marseilles to
sat bouillabaisse, and I knew nothing
I could say would dissuade you. But
no doubt the bitterness of this moment
will fade away, and as time passes you
will teli your friends in England how
excellent is ibe real bouillabaisse if
only you have it in Marseilles."
"Never! i would die first!" I ex
claimed firmly.—London Standard.
Africa's Pygmy Antelopes.
The pygmy antelope of the Gold
Coast of Africa is the smallest of cud
chewing animals. It stands about ten
inches high at the withers—that is.
abom a high as a fox terrier The
male has minute horns that run straight
back in the line of the forehead. The
pygmy anteiope was described in 1705
by the Dutch traveler Bosman. who, in
his "Description of Guinea, *' says that
it is called the "king of the harts" by
the natives. By EngS*b writers it is
often called the "royal antelope."
Do Gne thins at a time and the big
things first - Lincoln.
.. . i
" GERMANS LOSE
• FIGHT AT LIEGE
■ e Belgians Repulse All Attacks
!; on Their Fortifications
; AVIATORS FEATURE FIGHTING
Stubborn Resistance of Belgians to
Passage of German Forces Through
) That Country Into France Defeats
Kaiser's Plan to Strike Quick Blow
at French Capital—Greatest Battle
? In History Expected Soon.
| Brussels (V T ia Paris), Aug. 6.—Sev
-5 eral thousand dead and wounded *is
? the toll paid by the German army of
' the Meuse for its attack on Liege.
I The Belgians made an heroic defense,
> repulsing the Germans after heavy
i and continuous fighting.
The fortified position of Liege had
to support the general shock of the
German attack. The Belgian forts re
sisted the advance fiercely and did :
not suffer. One Belgian squadron at
tacked and drove back six German
Eight hundred wounded Germans
are being transferred to the city of
Liege, where they will be cared for.
Crossing the border at Dalhem, 100,- j
000 strong, the German army burned
Vise and Argentau, killing the resist
ing populace. The Sixth, Seventh and
Tenth corps converged upon
which is heavily fortified, only to be
repulsed. Belgians further checked |
the German advance by burning the
bridges and diverting one corps iu
London, Aug. 6. Piecing together
the disjointed dispatches, reports, ru
mors and brief official statements, it
appears this morning that the Ger
man invasion of France has been re
tarded by the desperate character of
the resistance encountered. The col
umn which is endeavoring to force a
passage into France through Belgium
has encountered unexpeeetd reverses
in the vicinity of Liege, while the
other German army, operating in the
neighborhood of the French border
fortress oi belfort, has had little suc
cess in foil ing the French line of de
The Gerjrian war plans evidently
heart of France before the army could
an moDiiizcd to oppose tlie advance.
If that really was the German plaa
then a principal feature of the Kai
ser's plan of campaign has failed.
The French, taking advantage of the
unexpected resistance of the Belgians
have had ample time to luring up their
army and are now in a position to op
pose their full strength to the German
1 forces. Fighting on the defensive and
in their own country, it would see tit
at this time that the French ought to
, be able to bring their utmost strength
It may be several days before a
great battle is fought, as both sides
are maneuvering for position to gain,
an advantage in what promises to be
1 one of the greatest, if not the great
est, battle the world ever saw.
A mob destroyed at the German em
bassy at St. Petersburg.
A dispatch to Amsterdam from Mae
"Sharp fighting on the Belgian fron
tier continues. The sound of heavy
guns is distinctly heard here. The
•moke of the battle is visible from
the church steeples.
"A number of aeroplanes and a diri
gible balloon flew over Maestricht.
"German horses which evidently had
•tampeded galloped into the town
and were captured."
The Belgian war office in Brussels
announced last night that fierce fight
ing had occurred in the environs oi*
Liege and that so far as the Belgians,
were concerned the situation is excel
I "The Germans," the announcement
says, "were driven back by a heroic
attack made by a Belgian mixed bri
gade, which already had earned for it
self the highest honors. No German
who passed the fort survived."
A German aviator flying over the
battlefield at Liege, Belgium, was rid
dled with bullets and fell to the earth
and was killed.
The Bosporus has been closed by
the Turkish government to the pass
age of warships, thus bottling up the
Russian fleet in the Black sea.
A naval action was in progress in
the North sea, according to the
Standard, which adds that this news
was confirmed by a high authority,
who, however, said the action was not
of decisive importance.
"There is reason to believe that one
of Germany's objects in the present
war is to acquire the French colonics
and that as the price of British neu
trality the kaiser was prepared to
promise that no French territory iu
Europe should be annexed in case of
a German victory. Great Britain de
clined to lend itself to the betrayal of
France," Sir Edward Grey stated. "In
its intense desire for peace Great Brit
ain went to almost unprecedented
lengths to offer Germany a chance to
avert war on honorable terms. Ger
many did not avail herself of the op
portunity, but acted in such a mannar MOORE HOTEL
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