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COL LEG I ANIOOYEARS
April 1887-April 1987
By FILADELFO ALEMAN
Associated Press Writer
MANAGUA, Nicaragua A gov
ernment prosecutor yesterday
opened the case against U.S. merce
nary Eugene Hasenfus by presenting
documents found after Sandinista
troops Shot down his Contra supply
The prosecutor, Ivan Villavicericio,
handed evidence one piece at a time
to the court secretary, including a
card Nicaraguan authorities say
gave Hasenfus access to restricted
areas of the Ilopango military airport
in El Salvador.
Villavicencio also asked that the
court view the videocassette of an
interview Hasenfus gave to Mike
Wallace on the CBS program 60 Min
utes. The program, translated into
Spanish, was shown on Nicaraguan
Hasenfus said in the interview that
he believed he was working for the
U.S. government when he made the
A book of names, addresses and
telephone numbers of former crew
members of Air America, which Ha
senfus said in the interview was a CIA
airline that he worked for in South
east Asia, was also entered as evi
dence in the court.
Neither Hasenfus nor his Nicara
guan lawyer, Enrique Sotelo Borgen,
was in court. Presentation of evi
dence by the prosecution and defense
to the special political tribunal trying
the first American captured in Nica
ragua’s 4*/2-year war was to last eight
to 12 days.
Hasenfus’ lawyer told The Asso
ciated Press in a telephone interview
that once the prosecution presents its
case, the tribunal has to notify him in
writing so he can respond in writing.
It was not clear whether he would be
allowed to present defense argu
ments in person.
Hasenfus, a 45-year-old former Ma
rine from Marinette, Wis., is charged
with terrorism, conspiracy and vio
lating public security. If convicted by
the three-member tribunal, he could
face up to 30 years in prison.
Griffin Bell, a former U.S. attorney
general who is acting as an adviser to
the Nicaraguan lawyer, left yester
day to prepare the defense after
Sandinista authorities barred him
from seeing Hasenfus. Bell said he
would return Sunday.
Reynaldo Monterrey, the tribunal’s
president, said on the government
Voice of Nicaragua radio that Hasen
fus’ lawyer could have 50 advisers if
he wished, but only Sotelo Borgen
could see evidence presented in the
The card that purportedly gave the
capttired mercenary access to re
stricted areas of Ilopango was num
bered 4422, was made out to Hasenfus
and bore the Salvadoran air force
Hasenfus has said that he partici
pated in 10 arms drops to the U.S.-
Editor’s Note: This is the second of three
articles on education by writers who attended
an education symposium last week at the
Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
By CHRISTINE METZGER
Collegian Staff Writer
Education is in the midst of a reform, often
referred to as a “move toward excellence” by
experts who deem it necessary for the United
States to grow economically and socially.
In debates held last week at the Indiana
University of Pennsylvania during a symposi
um titled “American Dreams: The National
Debate About the Future of Education,” educa
tors, government officials and a vocal audience
argued about government’s role in education
and in reform.
“Three principle sets of actors involved (in
the reform) include the federal and state gov
ernments and most importantly, the business
community,” said Denis Doyle, director of
Education Policy Studies at the American
Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C.
“The business community recognizes that
America’s competitive position is a function of
Catching the fall before it leaves and the icy maw of winter takes over Happy Valley, a youngster named Ray from the
toddler s group at Cedar Day Care takes time out from his busy schedule to play in the leaves piled on the Mall. Such
signs of autumn are becoming more and more common as temperatures drop and the trees, whose branches are
becoming barer with each passing day, await the first visitation of snowflakes.
important to education, experts say
the quality of education we deliver to our young
people at all levels,” Doyle said.
The call by business leaders fell on the ears
of state legislators across the country, and has
brought education issues to the forefront in
numerous election campaigns this fall.
“Many of the governor races hinge on the
education issue,” said Chester Finn, assistant
secretary in the Educational Research and
Improvement division of the U.S. Department
In Pennsylvania’s gubernatorial race, Re
publican candidate William Scranton 111 and
Democratic candidate Robert P. Casey give
education a top seat in their election platforms.
Casey’s platform proposes an individual edu
cation account to help parents save for educa
tion expenses. He also hopes to bring better
prospects to the teaching profession in Penn
Scranton’s Basic Education Plan will in
crease access and participation by Pennsylva
nians in higher education to promote a more
stable economy, according to the Scranton
platform. He also wants to provide more finan
cial support to education in general.
Vv * c .
Doyle said that on the federal level the
government plays a prominent role in educa
tion, but leaves much responsibility to the
Shirley Chisholm, the first black woman
elected to Congress and a professor of political
science at Mount Holyoke College in South
Hadley, Mass., agreed.
“During the Reagan administation, control
and responsibility for education has been
thrust toward the states,” she said.
Doyle said, “Washington’s role in education
is modest and remains so because President
Reagan and Congress have decided to run up
the biggest deficit in history.”
The deficit is so big “that it is impossible for
any realist to expect between now and the end
of the century any significant initiations com
ing out of Washington which cost money,” he
To help diminish the §220 billion deficit, the
Gramm-Rudman balanced-budget law was
passed, but experts at the symposium did not
overlook the fact that it decreased the amount
of federal student aid.
“There is an erosion in the commitment of
'^ v Qi3
Collegian Photo / Stacey Mink
the federal government to financial aid pro
grams,” Chisholm said.
Chisholm noted that the government under
President Lyndon Johnson’s administration in
1963-68 brought access to education for millions
“To maintain access and equity for all stu
dents, we must now make a concentrated effort
to keep education at the forefront of govern
ment concerns,” said Chisholm, who at the 1972
national convention became the first black as
well as the first woman to run for president.
Education is slated a priority issue in the
race for Congress in the 23rd District between
Democrat Bill Wachob and incumbent U.S.
Rep. William F. Clinger.
“Wachob strongly believes that education
should be a top priority for the federal govern
ment,” said Eric Reif, press secretary for
Wachob. “He plans to oppose any further
cutbacks in student aid and will fight to make
sure programs keep up with inflation.”
Clinger cites his introduction of the Higher
Education Protection Act, an act designed to
save student aid from being cut despite
Gramm-Rudman, as an indication of his sup
port for student concerns.
Thursday, Oct. 30,1986
Vol. 87, No. 77 16 pages University Park, Pa. 16802
Published by students of The Pennsylvania State University
©1986 Collegian Inc.
By CAROLYN SORISIO
Collegian Stall Writer
Although SHARE, the University’s
response to apartheid, was created
last spring, its success is still being
debated by student leaders and ad
The program, which was inititated
by the University Board of Trustees
after its decision not to divest the
University’s holdings in South Africa
last January, is a five-point plan that
• Scholarships for black South Af-
• Academic exchanges and assis
tance for black educators in South
• Review of equity holdings in
• Educational efforts designed to
increase the University community’s
awareness about apartheid in South
Recently, a group of black alumni
criticized the SHARE scholarships as
bringing “token students” to the Uni
versity and said the administration
was using the program as a “publici
ty stunt” to avoid divesting from
However, University President
Bryce Jordan said: “There has been
too much talk of SHARE being con
nected with divestiture.... It is in no
Jordan said he met with the stu
dents from the SHARE program ear
lier this month at his request to
discuss some of the their concerns.
He told them he thought a mistake
had been made in confusing the di
vestment issue and the University’s
see drugs as key
By KIRSTEN LEE SWARTZ
Collegian Staff Writer
Although state lawmakers have
spent significant parts of their cam
paigns this year giving voters de
tailed plans to solve the nation’s drug
problems, most candidates do not
believe the issue will turn any votes.
Terry Michael, a press secretary
for the Democratic National Commit
tee, said the Democrats and Republi
cans are taking a bipartisan
approach to the drug problem.
“Individual candidates may posi
tion themselves as more aggressive
than their opponents,” Michael said.
“(But) it is nota voting issue because
no one is for drug abuse.”
Earlier this week, President Rea
gan signed the drug bill passed by
Congress last week. In signing, Rea
gan authorized $1.7 billion to be spent
in anti-drug enforcement and educa
tion programs over the next three
Of that total, $2OO million will be
spent annually to support drug-abuse
education and prevention programs
through fiscal year 1989, said a staff
member on the Select Commitee on
Narcotics Abuse Control.
Three versions of the bill passed
between the House and Senate before
finally getting overall approval.
Twice the House voted to include the
death penalty and twice the Senate
removed that provision from the bill
and sent it back to the House.
BSCAR, BAAD to
work together for
purpose in bringing the students to
Penn State, adding that they should
take advantage of a Penn State edu
However, Todd May, a Committee
For Justice in South Africa member,
said, "I would be surprised if the
students were aware of the history of
the SHARE program when they were
invited to the this University.
“If it was a response to apartheid,
why was it done when all the pressure
was on about divestment?” he added.
CJSA President Stephanie Cooper
said the divestment issue cannot be
separated from the SHARE program.
She said the administration is using
SHARE as an excuse to say the
University is doing something about
Although the program is a good
one, she said it “is not nearly
enough. ... It basically means noth
ing without divestment.”
Victor Mashabela, a member of the
African National Congress in New
York City, said the first-task of any
university should be to help “destroy
apartheid so that eventually our peo
ple in South Africa can be able to
study in South Africa.”
Please see SHARE, Page 16.
Representatives in the House then
passed two bills, one including the
death penalty and one without it. The
Senate chose to send the version
without the death penalty to the presi
dent to sign.
Because the Democrats dominate
in the House, as the Republicans do in
the Senate, it would seem that the two
parties have contrasting views on the
provisions in the bill.
Rae Nelson, a spokesman at the
Drug Abuse Policy Office in Washing
ton, D.C., said: “Any action is good
action. The discussion now is on what
direction the action will take.”
Anti-drug fervor is also shared
along bipartisan lines for local and
state politicians, whose runs for re
election or attempts at unseating
incumbents will end Tuesday.
Nelson added, “The deaths of Len
Bias and Don Rogers gave people
who had been feeling the effects of
drug problems a lightning rod and got
“It is an issue for everyone not as
a campaign issue, just as a national
issue everyone wants to address,”
said Jim Clarke, campaign manager
for U.S. Rep. William F. Clinger.
Clinger is the incumbent Republican
congressman, running for re-election
in the 23rd District.
“The most important parts are the
educational aspects,” Clarke said,
“even as far down to the elementary
Please see DRUGS, Page 16.
• Robin Morgan, an interna
tionally acclaimed writer on
women’s rights and feminism, is
coming to campus tonight to
kick off the USG Department of
Women’s Concerns “Sisterhood
is Global” Conference Page 4
This afternoon, noticeably cool
er with sunshine reappearing.
High 56. Tonight, clear and cool.
Low 34. Tomorrow, mix of sun
and clouds with high of 59.