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Jobs dominate debate
in hard-hit Pittsburgh
By MIKE NETHERLAND
*Collegian Staff Writer
PITTSBURGH Revitalizing the steel industry and
reducing uneMployment in Pennsylvania were the
dominant themes of last night's debate by the three
Democratic presidential candidates.
Columnist Elizabeth Drew, who asked questions she
said were submitted by Pennsylvanians, moderated
the strictly controlled event sponsored by the League of
Women Voters. Drew added a new wrinkle to the
debates by allowing the candidates to ask prepared
questions of each other.
The Rev. Jesse Jackson said by eliminating wasteful
defense spending and channeling the savings into •
infrastructure programs "we could rebuild the 50,000
bridges in this country with steel and put America back
While saying he believed in free trade, Jackson said,
"our government should be sensible enough to
support" fair trade. He said foreign government
subsidized competition in the world steel market puts
this country "in a difficult competitive posture."
Federal bailouts of companies such as Chrysler Corp.
are gestures of the government's commitment to fair
• trade, he said.
Drew asked Sen. Gary Hart, who favors a national
industrial policy instead of single company bailouts, on
which industry he would concentrate revitalizing. He
said certain keystone industries such as steel,
automobile, machine tool and machinery are "central
to this nation's national security."
Walter Mondale, who siad he wouldn't tolerate the
disappearance of basic industries like steel, said a
reductitii3n of the federal deficit, followed by a drop in
interest rates, is the key to returning these industries to
Demonstrators gather before debate to protest Reagan policies
By William Scott
Collegian Staff Writer
PITTSBURGH —.Nearly 200
demonstrators, most of them
Pittsburgh laborers , rallied last night
before the Democratic presidential
debate to,protest Reagan
administration policies, both foreign
The demonstrators, most carrying
signs and banners, stood outside the
David L. Lawrence Convention
Center chanting "jobs, peace and
freedom," and "Ronald Reagan, he's
no good; send him back to
Photo by Eric C. Hegedus
Gov. Dick Thornburgh opens a gift a glass eagle from the Corning Glass
Works plant while State College Chamber of Commerce president Lassie
Martsolf looks on.
Congress takes whip to deficits
By CLIFF HAAS
Associated Press Writer
yesterday took its first major steps
this year toward taming runaway
budget deficits, with the House
adopting a budget blueprint that
accommodates a $lB2 billion
Democratic plan for cutting federal
red ink. The Senate gave final
congressional approval to an $8.2
billion package of spending cuts.
After a $205 billion plan drafted by
Republican leaders, including
elements embraced by President
Reagan, was defeated on a 311-107
vote, the House voted 250-168 in
favor of the package supported by
administration's decision to help the floundering
Answering a foreign policy question about U.S.
relations with the troubled Philippine government of
- Ferdinand Marcos, Jackson said, "I would never
negotiate away human rights." He admitted that the
military bases there are of strategic importance but
that he would not trade "our self respect" for them.
"I would use aid as a leverage to humanize that
society," he said. Jackson warned that "we should not
make the same mistake in the Philippines as we did in
Nicaragua," referring to U.S. policy at the time to
support the government of Anastosia Somoza against
the Marxist-Leninist Sandinista rebellion.
Hart said Marcos needs U.S. aid more than the
United States needs his military bases. "His economy
would collapse," he said. Mondale claimed to have
changed the tone of U.S.-Philippine relations after
former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger "kept the
heat off Marcos" on human rights abuses.
He said he told Marcos in 1978 that "we can not
tolerate human rights abuse and remain silent."
In response to a Jackson question on South Africa,
Mondale outlined severe economic measures to force
that country to abandon its racist policies. He said he
would expand current embargoes to include police
equipment. He also would prohibit loans to and
investment in that nation. The sale of South African
gold Krugerrands would be banned, as would flights by
South African airlines to and from the United States.
Please see related story, Page 14.
Rich Wild, a member of the United
Commercial Workers, said he was
protesting to show the Reagan
administration that "we're still alive
and not . just, sitting . back."_
Wild, wearing a placard that read
"Stop union busting now," said he has,
been unemployed since December,
when the . Amour Food Company
ceased operation in Pittsburgh.
Despite the plant's closing, however,
Wild said the company is still using
the plant to distribute its products
outside the Pittsburgh area.
"We want products that are made
here to be sold here," he said.
Mick Kako, chief negotiator for the
There were 229 Democrats and 21
Republicans voting in favor of the
plan while 139 Republicans and 29
Democrats voted against it. •
The budget outline that was
adopted contemplates that during
the fiscal year beginning Oct. 1, the
government will spend $9183 billion
with a projected deficit of $175.8
Rep. James R. Jones, D-Okla.,
chairman of the House Budget
Committee, argued that the GOP
plan gave too much to the military,
contained elements such as user
fees that could not be enacted and
was "not real" because it sought $2B
billion in savings through
improvements in government
olle, • lan
"I don't know what Hart thinks about Chrysler, but I
restored . . . jobs and put an automobile company,"
back on its feet, he said referring to the Carter
Pittsburgh Shipbuilders union, said
the 1,500 union members have been
striking since December. Most of the
workers are employed by Dravo
Corp., which rnanufactures_barges
Kako said he hoped last night's
debate would attradt attention to the
plight of some of Pittsburgh's labor
"I'm hoping that one of these
candidates will see us all together out
here. They're the only ones that can
help us. Reagan is out to bust the
unions," he said.
Kako said he would support former
Thornburgh urges long-run economic strategy
By MIKE KINNEY
Collegian Staff Writer
Gov. Dick Thornburgh last night told the State
College Chamber of Commerce that
Pennsylvanians must adopt a long-range
economic strategy that will permit the state to
participate fully in the national trend of economic
"The basic challenge today is to deal with an
economy that is in transition, an economy that
can no longer look to iron and steel and coal and
heavy manufacturing as the be-all and end-all of
our economic potential," Thornburgh said.
The governor spoke on six key areas
concerning what the state is doing or planning to
do to further its goals and meet the basic
Those areas were: creating a positive business
climate; strengthening the state's traditional
industrial base; meeting the challenge of
advanced technology; providing job retraining;
making public investments that will enable
Pennsylvanians to capitalize on private
investments; and improving the quality of life in
Thornburgh said he felt his administration has
a "valid prescription for the economic
improvement of this commonwealth."
He asked the members of the Chamber of
Commerce to look over the "Blueprint for
Republican Leader Robert H.
Michel of Illinois argued that the
House had been subjected to a
menagerie of meaningless
numbers. He attacked the
Democratic plan as cutting too
much from defense.
Despite the arguments, the House
action came down to a partisan test
of strength, which the Democrats
"It was a victory for a united
Democratic Party and a defeat for
Reagan's unfairness," House
Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill Jr., D-
Mass., said in a statement his office
issued after the final vote.
Across the Capitol, the Senate
ended a stalemate over how to
proceed with its deficit-reduction
Democratic presidential hopefuls (from left) Jesse Jackson, Gary Hart and Walter Mondale laugh as they clasp hands
last night following a debate in Pittsburgh. The debate was the third in a series sponsored by the League of Women
Vice President Walter Mondale, who
has the endorsement of the AFL-CIO,
but added that the•rank-and-file
members may not necessarily
, "If Jesse Jackson weren't black, I
think a lot more people would Vote for
himA think his race has a lot to do
with it. But if the people were
blindfolded, he'd be elected," he said.
Protesting Reagan's foreign policy
and foreign spending, Cary Lund, of
the Pittsburgh-based Woman's Peace
Network, said that group insists that
people recognize the threat the arms
race is to the world. Lund said she
Economic Development" and other materials
that he left for them. He also encouraged
listeners to share their opinions with him so they
could become active participants in the economic
"When I became governor, there was no more
painful a tag that Pennsylvania had to deal with
than that we were inhospitable to business, that
there was an anti-business climate here, that our
taxes were too high, that we were too bent on
over-regulation, and that we were inadequate
with regard to aid. And we've set out to change
that," Thornburgh said.
Thornburgh noted that for five years, during a
major recession, the state was able to hold the
line on business taxes and this year is able to
propose a 10 percent reduction in the corporate
net income tax.
"We feel this will send a signal to the investor
and the businessman and the financier around
this nation that we are intent upon improving the
climate and showing that we know how to be
responsive to business needs," Thornburgh said.
The state has quadrupled the allocation to the
Pennsylvania Industrial Development Authority
and provided new opportunities for growth and
capitalization of businesses, he said.
"Since 1979, some $315 million has also been
pumped into much needed investments in land,
buildings, and new capital investments targeted
for areas of high unemployment, small
work and passed 67-26 a measure
the House passed last year
containing $8.2 billion in spending
reductions. That bill now goes to the
president for his sigliature.
Those reductions come mostly
through delaying the cost-of-living
increases for federal civilian and
military retirees from May until the
end of the year to conform with the
Social Security bailout legislation
enacted last year.
Senate Majority Leader Howard
H. Baker Jr., R-Tenn., had said he
hoped to follow a shortcut
prdcedure this year, forgoing a
budget resolution and moving
directly to consideration of the
elements of a three-year, $l5O
billion plan Reagan backs.
Friday, April 6, 1984
Vol. 84, No. 154 28 pages University Park, Pa. 16802 .
Published by students of The Pennsylvania State University
©1984 Collegian Inc.
thought Jackson was the best
candidate to achieve that goal
because "he is the most meaningful
candidate for progressive people."
- - Marguerite Babcock, from the
same organization, said, "Jesse
Jackson is the only one that
represents real change."
Joni Rabinowitz, a member of the
Hunger Action Coalition, said she
hoped the three Democratic
candidates would address issues that
have great impact in Pittsburgh.
"What we need to do is take the
money out of the military and
corporate tax loopholes and spend it
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on meaningful jobs at a union wage,"
' She added that she too would
support Jackson but that Mondale
has "the right relationships with the
right groups" and would probably
receive strong support in
Pennsylvania in Tuesday's primary.
When asked about Sen. Gary Hart's
chances, Rabinowitz said Hart is not
well-established and, in contrast to
Mondale, does not have the support of
• "Hart's an adjective looking for a
noun. He's just hanging out there,"
businesses and advanced technology enterprises,
" Thornburgh said.
He mentioned that four international offices in
Mexico City, Paris, Tokyo and London have been
opened to attract more foreign investment to the
state and to aid in the export of Pennsylvania
products into those markets.
"I'm pleased to say that Pennsylvania ranks
among the nation's leaders in this area."
"Pennsylvania also has been named the
number one state in the United States in
programs for small businesses last year," he
In an interview before the address, the
governor said he told University President Bryce
Jordan earlier in the afternoon that Penn State
was an important part of Pennsylvania's
"I told Dr. Jordan that we were looking
forward to continuing our cooperation with the
University on projects like the Ben Franklin
Partnership and PennTAP (Pennsylvania
Technical Assistance Program)," Thornburgh
"I had a chance today to be on campus with
some of the outstanding students and to see my
good friend Dr. Bryce Jordan, the leader of our
great Penn State University. I have reaffirmed
my belief that Happy Valley is a very hospitable
place to be," the governor said.
Please see related story, Page 2