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The Daily Collegial!
Jackie Pressler (right) accepts congratulations from fellow union exec•
utive Ray Schoessling yesterday upon his election as president of the 1.8
million•member Teamsters Union. Schoessling, secretary•treasurer of the
union, had been considered Presser's chief rival for the job.
J®ant• -- \
By W. DALE NELSON political development and in reconsidering the argu- an important role in their decision. supplement the 10-warhead MX missiles.
Associated Press Writer ments on technological uncertainty." , And as the chiefs were testifying, their civilian boss, Vessey testified, however, that the small missile
Under questioning by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D- Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, told the House "poses some difficult operation and performance ques-
WASHINGTON The once-divided Joint Chiefs of Mass., Vessey conceded that "political considerations do Armed Services Committee: tions for us to answer" before it can be placed in the
Staff fell ,in line yesterday behind President Reagan's come into it," because it was obvious Congress-would not - "You-could ask 10 people what's the best way to do it arsenal.
' new plan for the MX missile, but conceded that politics approve "dense pack." (base the MX) and you'd get 11 answers, and we've had Gabriel said the Pentagon has "heard from some
played a role in their decision. Gen. Charles A. Gabriel, the Air Force chief of staff, that over the years. There is quite literally something contractors" and has "some ballpark figures" on what
"We are unanimous in our support," Army Gen. John said the abandoned plan would be his choice on a purely wrong with every one of them (the basing options). You the small missile would cost. He did not give any.
W. Vessey Jr., chairman of the joint chiefs, told the military basis but "is not an option in my mind right can't find any one system that is perfect, so you have to He said the present MX plan would be about $6 billion
Senate Armed Services Commmittee. now." make concessions." to $7 billion cheaper, over five years, than the abandoned
- Vessey added, however, that "political considerations Adm. James Watkins, the chief of Naval operations, Weinberger agreed with an assessment by Rep. Wil- "dense pack" proposal.
" do come into it." said, he would want the missiles in reinforced silos with Liam L. Dickinson of Alabama, the House panel's rank-
At the House hearing, Undersecretary of Defense
On Monday, Reagan adopted the recommendation of a antiballistic missle protection "from a military point of ing Republican, that "we've only got one more shot with Richard D. DeLauer said no .final cost estimate of the
presidential commission that approximately 100 of the view, if I reject political and budgetary considerations." this thing" and "we've got to make it work" if the MX
small missile is yet available, but he noted that mobile,
nuclear missiles be placed in used silos in the West. The Marine commandant, Gen. Robert H. Barrow, ever is to be deployed. single-warhead systems tend to be more expensive
• Last December, the joint chiefs split over a plan, agreed, adding, "We want the MX out there with the best Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., chairman of the Senate -
because of the additional manpower and launch facilities
rejected by Congress, to pack the missiles into a so- hardening we can have." committee, commented, "It seems to me we are being a
called "dense pack" cluster of silos huddled together for Army Gen. Edward Meyer said only that he is a long- little bit pious and hypocritical if we reject a recommen-
- protection. At the time, a majority said the plan's time supporter of putting the missiles into the silos now dation because political factors were taken into consid- Rep. Beverly Byron, D-Md., said she was disturbed
feasibility was uncertain. used for Minuteman 111 missiles. eration in reaching a final judgment. that the Soviets years ago developed and produced, but '‘
Vessey told the committee the chiefs reached their Earlier in' the week, members of the presidential The chiefs also supported Reagan's proposal for future did not deploy, the email, mobile SS-16 missile, and that
present decision "after considering the intervening commission testified that political considerations played development of a small, single-warhead missile to the United States did nothing.
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A Georgia blueberry grower cheCks the condition of his ice•coated plants on Wednesday after a night of freezing
temperatures. The man sprayed the plants with water the previous day to form the ice coat and insulate the blueberries
against colder temperatures.
Latest freeze kills more crops
By DAVID L. LANGFORD
Associated Press Writer
The latest spring freeze on record wiped out more
fruit and vegetable crops across the Deep South yester
day, and officials warned that peach prices were likely
For the fourth consecutive day, record low tempera-
tures were set across the Southeast. It was at least 10
• degrees colder in parts of Dixie than in Fairbanks,
Alaska just 150 miles from the Arctic Circle as
temperatures dropped into the 20s across the Caroli
nas, northern Georgia and Tennessee, with sub-freez
ing records also posted in northern Alabama.
The freeze has killed millions of dollars worth of
peaches, apples, strawberries, tomatoes, blueberries,
tobacco and eggplants across the Southeast and in
pockets of Illinois and Indiana.
Some farmers tried to save their orchards by burning
f ~~ ` ~
By MERRILL HARTSON
AP Labor Writer
SCOTTSDALE, Ariz. Ohio Tea
msters chief Jackie Presser ascend
ed to the union presidency
yesterday, declaring that his elec
tion signaled "a new chapter" for a
union plagued by , criminal convic
tions of three of its past leaders.
'The General Executive Board of
the nation's largest labor organiza
tion unanimously elected Presser to
succeed Roy L. Williams, who re
signed this week after a conspiracy
Presser acknowledged at a news
conference that he has been the
subject of federal investigations
"time and time again." But he said
he has done nothing wrong and
expects no legal problems of the
sort that forded Williams to resign
as head of the 1.8 million-member
Presser, who served on a tran
sition team that advised Ronald
Reagan on economics after his elec
tion, made it clear the union re
mained behind the president, who
won the union's endorsement in
"At the present time, the present
administration that's in is running
this country," Presser said, "and I
think that the International Broth
erhood of Teamsters should do ev
erything in its power to support the
administration in every endeavor
that it has, because we have a lot of
old tires, piping heated water around their plants,
covering them with plastic or spraying them with
water which froze, insulating them from frost.
Two farmers in Tennessee hired helicopters to fan
their orchards at a cost of $1,200 a night.
Throughout South Carolina, which produces three
times as many fresh market peaches as Georgia and
leads the nation, officials estimated that at least half
the $6O million crop had been destroyed. In the Ridge
and Piedmont areas of the state, losses approached 90
In Georgia, agriculture officials said the peach crop
in the entire northern half of the state was damaged
and North Carolina officials said at least 98 percent of
that state's $lO million crop was wiped out.
Losses to peach and apple orchards in Tennessee was
put at $2.5 million with another $2.3 million in damage
to strawberry crops.
Teamsters elect Presser as boss
Chief expects no legal hassles, despite rumored Mafia links
problems in this country."
The 56-year-old Presser, who
heads the Ohio Conference of Tea
msters, said he planned to move
immediately to improve the Tea
msters' public image, adding: "I
expect to put a full-scale program
before our people for approval."
Presser's election by the 17-mem
ber executive board came one day
after Williams, who has been con
victed on bribery-conspiracy
charges, resigned his $225,000-a
-year presidency and severed all ties
with the union under court order.
Williams was the third Teamsters
president to get a prison sentence,
following in the path of Dave Beck
and Jimmy Hoffa.
Beck, now 83 and living in Seattle,
served time on federal labor corrup
tion charges. Hoffa, who served a
prison term on a labor corruption
conviction before being pardoned
by President Nixon, disappeared in
July 1975 and is presumed by feder
al authorities to have been mur
"I will be accessible 'and will run
an open, honest administration,"
said Presser, who asked reporters
to "give us a fair shake as we turn to
a new chapter in the long Teamsters
history of the American labor
"While investigations (of labor
corruption) have continued through
the years, I am confident that this
chapter in our long 80-year history
is coming to a close," he continued.
Chrysler Corp. announces
record-high quarterly profit
By ANN JOB WOOLLEY
Associated Press Writer
DETROIT Chrysler Corp., on
the brink of bankruptcy, only two
years ago, said yesterday it posted
a record quarterly profit of $172.1
million in the first three months of
That was $2 million more than
Chrysler earned in all of last year.
However, nearly half of the quar
terly earnings came from $82.9
million in deferred tax credits from
losses that Chrysler accumulated
in previous money-losing years.
Similarly, two-thirds of General
Motors Corp.'s $653.1 million earn
ings, announced a day earlier,
came from profitable subsidiaries
and income investment, not the
building and sale of vehicles.
Domestic car sales so far this
year are onlyabout 6 percent ahead
of 1982, which was the poorest sales
year since 1961.
Chrysler's quarterly earnings
amounted to $1.97 per share. That
compares with a $149.9 million prof
it, or $1.95 der share, in the first
quarter of last year.
It is Chrysler's largest quarterly
earnings. The previous best was in
the second quarter of 1976, when
Chrysler, the No. 3 U.S. automaker,
earned $155.1 million after taxes.
GM's earnings, of $2.08 per share,
were the automaker's best since
the second quarter of 1979, when
GM posted a $1.19 billion profit.
Taken together, the earnings by
Chrysler and GM put the domestic
industry in the black by $825.2 mil
lion, marking its first profitable
first quarter since early 1979, when
the four major U.S. automakers
posted a $1.83 billion profit com
Analysts said Ford Motor Co. will
report profits of up to $2OO million in
Asked whether mobsters had in
fluence in the operations of the
Teamsters, Presser replied: "Not
to my knowledge. Absolutely not.
"No indictments have ever been
entered against me, let alone have I
ever been recommended for indict
Presser's Cleveland local and a
baker's local are under investiga
tion for allegedly having "ghost"
employees on payrolls.
In 1980, Aladena "Jimmy the
Weasel" Frantianno, a Mafia hit
man who., became an informant,
testified' that Presser was con
trolled by James "Blackie" Licavo
li, the reputed Cleveland Mafia don
who is serving a federal prison term
on racketeering charges.
Presser said Fratianno was mere
ly throwing his name around to sell
Fratianno's autobiography. Presser
also denied a 1980 allegation from a
New Jersey state police intelligence
expert, Robert Buccino, that
Presser was a contact for New
Jersey and Boston mobsters seek
ing loans from the union's pension
and welfare funds.
Presser, who indicated he will
resign his other union positions, had
no serious competition. Ten minutes
after the executive board went into
a closed meeting in this Paradise
Valley resort hotel, spokesman
Duke Zeller emerged with news of
Reporters and television' crews
Robert S. Miller Jr., executive vice president of finance for the Chrysler Corp.,
beams as he talks with reporters yesterday. Chrysler announced its largest
quarterly profit ever by posting a $172.1 million. profit for the first quarter of
the first quarter of this year, while -
American Motors Corp. may. report
a small loss. Ford said it would
release its earnings report some
time late next week; AMC expects
to release its report sometime at
the end of the month.
Friday, April 22
were escorted into the meeting
room to see Presser sworn in by
Secretary-Treasurer Ray Schoessl
ing, who had been considered
Presser's only rival for the presi
dency. . .
Presser said one of his top priori
ties will be to "eliminate deregu
lation in the trucking industry." The
Teamsters have blamed deregu
lation for financial hardships placed
on unionized • freight companies
which have laid off more than 100,-
000 drivers and warehouse workers
in the last two years.
Williams, who has returned to his
ranch near Kansas City, Mo., was
sentenced provisonally to 55 Years
in' prison and fined $29,000 by a
Chicago federal judge on conviction
of conspiring with others to bribe
then-Sen. Howard Cannon, D-Nev.,
in efforts to defeat the trucking
deregulation bill in 1979.
Cannon wasn't charged in the
case, and the senator was defeated
last fall in his bid for re-election.
Presser's election was assailed by
Kenneth Paff, national organizer
for the dissident Teamsters for a
"I think they've chosen the worst
possible guy' from a rank-and-file
viewpoint, someone who couldn't
possibly get elected by the rank and
file," Paff said in a telephone inter
view from Detroit, where the TDU
is based. The group claims 8,000
Robert S. Miller Jr., Chrysler
executive vice president of finance,
said at a news conference that
Chrysler's deferred tax credits give
the net effect "of almost zero
taxes" and that should continue
"for several years."
state news briefs
Did indecision allow inmate. uprising?
PITTSBURGH (AP) Indecision about authorizing overtime
pay in the warden's absence stopped prison officials from ordering
a search for guns two inmates used to hold a pair of hostages for six
days, claims a guard at the maximum security state prison here.
Guard Ross Sumney said the search was limited to visual checks
froni outside locked cells even though officials at Western Peniten
tiary had been warned the two inmates were planning an escape. I
"The warden was not present and . . : nobody below him had the
guts to call a general shakedown because of the cost," Sumney
said. , •
"A lot of people work overtime when you have a general
shakedown, and it costs a lot of mciney." •
George Petsock, superintendent of the 101-year-old prison, de
Tax evader contends IRS
PHILADELPHIA (AP) Saying
S he'd rather leave the country
than give in, a Bucks County investment consultant was arraigned
yesterday on 28 federal income tax charges.
"If I lose, then I'm going to recommend that they deport me and I
don't give a damn what country," said Robert B. Graham Sr. "I
don't want to be a citizen of a country that does not have
"I, feel so strongly that I'm willing to.give up everything," he
Jailed last year on a contempt charge for failure to turn over
records to the Internal Revenue Seririce, Graham operates the
Basil Insurance Agency and Basil Investment Corp. from his home.
Graham and three others, who are members of the Committee
for Constitutional Taxation, all showed up in court without attor
neys and entered no plea to the charges. U.S. Magistrate Edwin E.
Naythons entered innocent pleas for them.
The four claim the way income taxes are handled by the IRS
violates the intent of the U.S. Constitution. "The IRS.is a fraud,"
nation news briefs
Democrats try to nix GOP stumping
WASHINGTON (AP) House Democrats, trying to prevent
Republican senators from taking a "re-election recess" this
summer, are laying out a legislative agenda that would keep the
GOP-controlled chamber tied to Washington instead of out on the
The plan is to push enough appropriations bills through the House
by early July to create a Senate backlog that would be politically
embarrassing for GOP leaders to leave behind for a two-month
Senate Majority Leader Howard H, Baker Jr., who is not running
for re-election, has said previously he thought it would be possible
for the Senate to adjourn for the months of July and August.
And assistant Majority Leader Ted Stevens of Alaska, who is
running, makes no bones about looking forward to using a July ,
recess for "some defense hearings around the country on waste,
fraud and abuse."
Glenn announces run for. presidency
NEW CONCORD, Ohio (AP) In a high school that bears his
name, Democratic Sen. John H. Glenn declared his presidential
candidacy yesterday and vowed to push for an immediate freeze of
nuclear weapons, repeal of future tax cuts and a return to "the
simple values we learned in this small town."
Glenn became the sixth Democrat to formally announce a bid for
the White House. Polls within the party rank him second behind
former Vice - President Walter F. Mondale in the race for the
nomination in San Francisco next year.
Some national surveys haye indicated both Mondale and Glenn
could beat President Reagan if the election were imminent.
Standing in the packed auditorium of John Glenn High School, the
61-year-old former astronaut, the first American to orbit the• Earth;
recalled his youth in this southern Ohio community of 1,800 people
and his pride that its young people "could aspire to anything."
Jewish group won't be in ceremony
WARSAW, Poland (AP) The World Jewish Congress angrily
withdrew yesterday from the government-sponsored 40th anniver
sary commemoration of the WarsaW ghetto uprising after what a
spokesman called "a week of provocations and manipulations."
Mark Friedman of New York, program director of the worldwide
congress, said the decision was prompted by \ the participation of a
Palestiniah Arab in wreath-laying ceremonies Tuesday at a ghetto
monument, and by a Polish television program Wednesday com
paring the Auschwitz Nazi death camp to the massacre of Palestin
ians after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon last summer.
The World Jewish Congress, which embraces groups from 67
countries, was the major participant in the ceremonies, having
sent nearly 300 delegates.
"It is hard to believe," Friedman said. "Individual Poles seem to
have gone out of their way to help us, but at the higher levels . .
they have gone out of their way to offend us."
Sources say U.S.-China link is weak
- PEKING (AP) Chinese-American relations have deteriorated
so seriously that neither country advised the other about recent
moves in Southeast Asia a sign their once vaunted strategic
cooperation has faltered.
The United States did not inform or consult China before it
recently speeded up arms shipments to Thailand, their common
friend and lynchpin of regional security, foreign diplomatic sources
Nor did China advise the United States before launching heavy
artillery and mortar attacks across the bdrder last weekend* into
Vietnam, regarded by both as the regional menace, the sources
Both sides took complementary actions, but their lack of commu
nication calls into question the strategic relationship that brought
the two countries together in the 1970 s and led to full diplomatic
relations in January 1979.
NEW YORK (AP) The
stock market backed away
from another milestone in ac
tive but trendless trading yes
terday, as the Dow Jones
industrials average interrupt
ed its assault on the 1,200
Analysts said some traders
sold stocks to ,cash in on re
cord-high prices, while a dis
appointing earnings report
from Texas Instruments con
tributed to widespread de
clines among , technology
is a fraud
• NYSE Index
91.95 - .34
• Dow Jones Industrials
•• • 1,188.27 - 3.20
Junction of ColleBe 4, Garner.
every Sunday at 3:00 p.m.
in Eisenhower Chapel
Celebrant: Fr. Nicholas Ferencz
sponsored by: Byzantine Catholic,
Student Organization I
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The Daily Collegian Friday, April 22, 1983-11
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