Newspaper Page Text
2—The Daily Collegian Friday, April 22, 1983
Welfare recipients won't lose funds
Continued from Page 1.
Previously, recipients were re
quired to report changes in house
hold status, such as amount of
income or number of dependents,
every six months. For example, if
people find employment the day
after, they report to the welfare
office, they could continue to collect
benefits for six more months, Kintz
"When there's a change in your
household status now, you must
report it to the county assistance
office within 10 days," Kintz said.
These two provisions apply to all
AFDC recipients, but the third
monthly reporting applies only to
those 38,000 households with some
"We are going to more, closely
monitor those households with
earned income because these are
Profit from Nitro Dur patent benefits PSU
By ALICE RUDOLPH
Collegian Staff Miter
The University's College of Science and sufferers
of angina pectoris, a painful disease caused by
clogged arteries, will both benefit from a new
medicine called Nitro Dur.
Nitro Dur, a round adhesive bandage containing
nitroglycerine in a special gel, was developed by
University faculty members Alec Keith, adjunct
Professor of biophysics, and Wallace Snipes, pro
fessor of biophysics.
Key Pharmaceuticals Inc. of Miami, which pro
duces, and markets the bandages, presented a
check for about $265,000 to the College of Science
yesterday as part of a contract agreed upon when
the University inventors transferred their patent
for Nitro Dur to Key.
The college will receive one percent of the annual
income from domestic sales of the medicine until
Sept. 2, 1998.
Thomas Wartik, dean of the College of Science,
said this grant is by far the largest ever given to the
college by a company. The accumulated benefits
will number in the millions of dollars, he said.
Keith and Snipes first affiliated with Key in 1976
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the ones that most frequently have
changes," Kintesaid. "They must
file reports with us each month,
whether or not there is 'a change."
Master lists of individuals who
will be required to p report monthly
will be prepared by the Welfare
Department in Harrisburg. The
lists will then be sent to the individu
al counties to be examined by coun
ty assistance boards to decide if any
changes must be made, Benzio said.
Kintz estimates the requirements
will save the state $500,000 from now
For the 1983-84 fiscal year, when
the state-funded general assistance
program comes under the Omnibus
Act specifications, the state should
save $12.3 million, Kintz said.
The general assistance program
was created in April 1982 under Act
72 of the state legislature, which
also provided for the changes nec-
as consultants on anti-viral work. They started
working on the development of Nitro Dur in 1978.
Keith said part of the early work was carried out in
However, Nitro Dur was not developed using
University-sponsored research, but rather, was
developed in the course of the consulting
relationship the inventors had with Key, Wartik
Key was not obligated to give the money to the
University, Keith said.
Watrik said: "I feel it was a very generous
gesture becituse it was a voluntary gesture." Key
wanted to acknowledge the role the University
played in the success of the invention, he said.
The college has no definite plans on how the
money will be spent, Wartik said, but, probably,
only the interest will be used.
Nitroglycerin is commonly used to treat angina
because it relaxes the blood vessels and allows the
heart to obtain oxygen more freely. Nitroglycerin
taken in pill form must pass through the liver
before reaching the heart. This treatment is effec
tive for only 12 minutes.
With Nitro Dur, the patient wears a patch contin
uously, which allows the nitroglycerin to penetrate
essary to implement the Omnibus
Act in Pennsylvania, Benzio said.
The general assistance program
would provide state welfare money
for single family households where
children are not involved. Generally
these are individuals or married
couples who are unemployed but
able-bodied or disabled, Benzio
Chronically needy households
such as those whose members are
involved in a state drug rehabilita
tion program would be eligible for
indefinite assistance under the gen
eral assistance program, Benzio
Transitionally needy households
whose individuals are unemployed
but able-bodied would be eligible for
assistance for up to 90 days, he said.
Under the public welfare pro
gram, households of three people
must earn less than $Bl7 per month
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to qualify for funding, but the house
hold may earn up to $978 before
losing eligibility.' Maximum bene
fits for three-member homes are
$335 per month and for four-mem
ber households, $4Ol monthly.
Joe Kintz said the state Welfare
Department received a letter from
the Department of Health and Hu
man Services on March 31 that was
sent to 19 states, including Pennsyl
The 'department was informed
that if they failed to comply with all
provisions of the Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1981, they ris
ked losing the federal government's
55 percent funding of the Aid to
Families With Dependent Children
Pennsylvania received notifica
tion of possible loss of funds because
the state's program is not in'effect
now, Kintz said.
the skin, enter the bloodstream, and go directly to
the heart. This treatment is effective for 24 hours,
so the patch must be changed daily.
Michael Jaharis Jr., president of Key Pharma
ceuticals, said Nitro Dur is especially good when a
person experiences an angina attack at night. It
has a comforting effect, he said, because people
know something is protecting them all the time.
Dr. Reid Allison, a State College cardiologist,
said about 500 of his patients use Nitro Dur.
"There's absolutely no doubt that it's effectivel"
The only known side-effects of the treatment are
occasional skin irritations caused from wearing a
patch continuously and occasional headaches
caused by the dosage of nitroglycerin.
"With any nitrate you'll find that a certain
percentage develops headaches," Allison said.
Nitro Dur, which has been on the market since
January 1982, costs $1 per day to use. Pills or
capsules typically cost about 40 to 50 cents per day.
Keith said Nitro Dur II is now being developed.
Nitro Dur H would deliver the same amount of
nitroglycerin in a smaller patch. This way the
patient could be given more or less nitroglycerin,
depending on the person's need, he said.
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Intoxicated driving rules
fail to decrease arrests
By GEORGE MATTAR
Collegian Staff Writer
Despite tough new penalties for
drunken driving convictions,' state
police at Rockview reported a 50
percent increase in the number of
arrests in 1983 compared to the same
four month period last year. •
Sgt. Lee Fisher said state police at
Rockview made eight drunken driv
ing arrests from January to April
1982. In that same time period this
year, 17 arrests had made.
Fisher declined to speculate on the
increase in arrests. However, he said,
the search, for drunken drivers htis
not been boosted since the new law
State College Police Chief Elwood
Williams Jr. said his officers have
made 15 arrests from January to
March this year, a 15 pircent. in
crease over the same period in 1982.
No exact figures were available for
1982, Williams said.
Williams said he schedules the pa
trol so the bulk of manpower works at
times that are identified as heavy
activity periods of drinking, such as
To help in the arrest and detection
of drunken drivers, Williams said he
is completing grant applications.
Williams said he would like the
potential federal grantmoney, avail
able under the Highway Safety Act, to
be used for the training of officers to
detect drunken drivers and the re
placement of the breathalyzer ma
chine with an updated model.
The law, which went into effect on
Jan. 14, carries a minimum 48-hour
jail sentence and a $3OO fine for a
first-time conviction. The maximum
penalty is two years in jail and a $5,-
Mandatory minimum sentences for
repeat offenders are 30 days for a
second conviction, 90 days for a third
and one year for any subsequent
A conviction also will' automatical
ly suspend the driver's license for a
year and require attendance at an
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Instead of coercing the offender to
appear in court, the county has an
Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposi
According to Gov. Dick Thorn
burgh's Task Force, on . Drunk Driv
ing, the program is not available to
drunken drivers who have caused
serious injuries or deaths. ,
To enter the rehabilitative pro
gram, a person must be recommend
ed by Centre County District
Attorney Robert Mix after taking the
driver's alcohol intake profile. The
driver must also waive the right to a
trial, yield his license for at least one
month and attend the - Alcohol High
way Safety School ---- a five-week
course that costs about $lOO.
Centre County Court Administrator
Lawrence C. Bickford said 40 arrests
for drunken driving have con* into
his office since the new law took
Central Court Clerk Wanda Park
said 218 drunken driving arrests were
made in 1982 in Centre County.
A comparison of quarterly statis
tics was not available.
"On the basis of the 40 cases so far,
it doesn't look like we'll be going over
that figure," Bickford said.
No one has gone to trial under the
new law, Bickford said, because the
state has six months to prosecute a
case, and only three months have
transpired since the law went into
effect. It takes about three months to
conduct preliminary hearings and
another three months .before the tri
Under the old law, 80 driving-un
der-the-influence cases were pending
to come to trial as of Jan. 1, Bickford
However, Bickford said Centre
County has recently joined the Court
Reporting Network; making the coun
ty available for certain grant monies
for "beefed-up" enforcement 'of
drunken driving laws.
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Blacks must restore heritage, chief says
By JEANNE ANN CURRY
Collegian Staff Writer
Total racial integration will result in the
extinction of black culture, an Afro-American
tribal chief said in a speech sponsored by the
Black Arts Festival.
Jomo Ldgan, who was made chief in Nigeria
because of his ideas on the importance of
Africa to black Americans, said Wednesday
night that blacks should support redevel
,opment. in Africa rather than integration in
the United States. -
"Only Africa free, strong and developed
can provide for the future security for black
people the world over," he said.
That philosophy, called Pam-Africanism, is
aimed at drawing blacks out from the shadow
of, whites by working together to re-establish
their black heritage.
Logan, who works closely with the' presi-
Race Relations Board's game breaks stereotypes
By ANNE McDONOUGH
Collegian Staff . Writer
To expose and break down ethnic and racial stereotypes, the
Undergraduate Student Government Race Relations Board offers
programs to University classes and groups.
A Higher Education 101 class recently took advantage of one of
the board's programs a role-playing activity.
In the, simulation, class members were given labels ofdifferent
minorities and ethnic groups and then had to interact with each
other, behaving as they would toward the particular group
written on the label, said board member Lisa Chanin.
The students were not allowed to read their label until the
experiment ended. Then, students were asked to guess what they
were labeled judging by the way others reacted to them, she said.
The purpose of the experiment was to examine prejudices and
"make the person feel what it is like to be that person," Chanin
Some of the labels were a Harlem resident, a learning disabled
person, a prostitute, a _welfare mother, a sorority member, an
engineering student, a homosexual, an alcoholic, a physically
handicapped person, a Jew; an Irishman and a black.
For example, students reacted to the student labeled as a
homosexual by standing four feR away from him and most male
students would not talk to him.
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`America is dead as far as (black) progress is concerned.'
—Jomo Logan, an Afro-American tribal chief
dents of Zambia, Tanzania, Ghana and Gui
nea, said skilled people are in great demand in
Africa since the start of the freedom
"Many other African governments have
also appealed and welcomed with open arms
black Americans coming to live and work in
the true spirit of Pan-Africanism," he said.
However, Logan said, few Americans re
spond to the call because psychological condi
tioning in American society has alienated
affection for Africa. Constant exposure to
white dominance has left its mark on black
Americans. Because whites seem to represent
Dave Nesvisky (11th-marketing), who was labeled the "senior
citizen," was spoken to in a loud, condescending voice and asked
how he was feeling. People also asked if he ate food cooked on a
hot plate and if he had a discount bus pass, he said.
Keith Brooks, one of the Higher Education 101 instructors, was
the welfare mother in the experiment. People asked how many
children he had, and talked about food stamps, he said.
Curt Warner (12th-speech communications) acted as the learn
ing disabled person. Others spoke slowly and asked if he under
stood English, he said.
Chanin (9th-rehabilitation education) said few people spoke to
Warner and did not know what to say to him. People did not know
how to react to a learning disabled person, Brooks said.
The class also viewed a film starring black comedian Bill Cosby
that criticized various ethnic, religious and social groups. Cosby
criticized among others, children, Jews, blacks, Irishmen, Ital
ians, Mexicans, Scotts, Midwesterners, Southerners and women.
Cosby gave stereotypical views of these groups in descriptions
of: Jews as loansharks and controlling the country's wealth;
blacks as all being unemployed and marching on Washington
D.C.; and Mexicans as sneaking across the border and stealing
jobs from Americans.
Cosby finished his comments about each group by saying "get
rid of them."
"What this country needs is a good flushing out," he said in the
independence, leadership and accomplish
ments, blacks often feel dominated and inferi
or, he said.
"The result has been the creation of a race
of people turned against itself ; " he said. Many
want to reject their racial identity entirely,
and this black inferiority complex has fos
Logan said blacks must realize that in the
United States they command no respect be
cause they are dependent or secondary citi
zens. However, they cannot blame others for
this problem because its roots lie in their
negative self-image and their complacency of
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the situation, he said
"(Blacks) seem content to point to black
college graduates swelling the ranks of the
middle class and whose height of success is a
high paying job, expensive house and the
latest model car," he said. "(Blacks) are
content with a material comfort that we did
not create or produce."
Blacks must see that the United States,
which is already developed, does not need
their skills but Africa does, he said.
"America is dead as far as (black) progress
is concerned," he said. "Here the most we will
get is a good job but we cannot be .truly
eqUal to the person paying our salary."
Logan said it is time for blacks to make a
commitment to their heritage. By taking
advantage of the investment and job opportu
nities that exist in Africa, black Americans as
well as Africa will prosper.
`People should see the person instead of
—Lisa Chanin, Race Relations Board member
film, "and I'm proud to be what I am a bigot."
Following the film, Chanin asked the students to think about
how they felt when their particular group was criticized.
"How many of those views do you believe?" she,asked. "People
should see the person, instead of the stereotype."
Chanin said the relations board's primary goal is to make
University and State College area students aware of race and
human relations. Board members will also go to area schools and
conduct various awareness programs, she
The bo'ard was organized in 1977 as a means of improving black
white relations in the residence halls and has expanded to cover
other problems such as ageism, sexism and anti-semitism, 'she
Cheryl Chandler (12th-health planning administration), a board
member said the problem is that students do not want to broaden
their horizons. The board tries to promote good community and
cultural awareness, she said.
ally Collegian Friday, April 22, 1983-3
The third annual Student Lead-.
ership Workshop, designed to develop:
the leadership skills of those in:
charge of volunteer groups involved.
with campus organizations, will be*
Peter Garland, assistant director of.
residence hall programs, said the:
workshop, sponsored by the Office of.
Residential Programs and the:.
Association of Residence Hall Stu-:
dents, will cover topics including.
group leadership skills and motiva-:
tion and reward.
Developing group trust, shared.
goal setting and group evaluation will:
also be discussed at the workshop,:
which will be held from 8:30 a.m. to 41
p.m. in Fisher Hall.
Volunteer leaders from ARHS, the•
Undergraduate Student Government.
Executive Council, the Residence
Hall Advisory Board, area goverriz
ments and the Association for Bin.
rier-Free Living Envirorimedt
Design will attend the workshop, said
Garland, West Halls Residence Asso
ciation adviser. •
The program's objective is to es=
tablish leadership awareness, Gar
land said. The speakers will discuss
the important qualities needed to be
good leaders in volunteer organiza
tions where rewards are personal
rather than monetary.
Discussion sessions will be con
ducted by professional Residential
Life staff members.
Participants include: Andy Mo-,
zenter, assistant director of residence
hall programs, South Halls; Robertl
Kuzma, coordinator for residence
hall programs, East Halls; Maureeh
Mulderig, coordinator of residenCe
hall programs, Pollock Halls; and
Doug Posey, coordinator of residence
—by Mark W. Robinsqn