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Jim Whittaker (4th•theatre) makes a valiant attempt at threading a sewing
machine. The skill is required to sew a pattern for his class in costuming
Minors to replace 'non-major
By RON CROW
Collegian Staff Writer
How easily understood is the term "non
major option?" Why not just call it a minor,
like they do at most other colleges and
Well, it seems the University Faculty
Senate thought the same thing.
University students interested in
minoring in a subject will have the
opportunity to declare one beginning next
fall, as part of the calendar conversion, said
Robert E. Dunham, vice president for
The calendar conversion piocess includes
a review of all the baccalaureate and
associate degree programs, while making
any appropriate changes. The inclusion of a
minor program was part of some of the
revisions done in the process.
According to the new program, a minor at
the University will be a specialization of at
armers' Market closes for season
By BONNIE MORTER
Collegian Staff Writer
Every Friday, July through
Septeinber, dozens of buyers can
be found wandering about
McAllister Street in search of the
But today is the last chance this
year for Friday market-goers to fill
straw baskets with fresh fruits,
vegetables and baked goods.
Since 1978, the Farmers' Market
has provided 24 treasure chests of
fruits and vegetables ranging from
plump red tomatoes and 15-inch
zucchini to sourdough bread and
fresh strawberry preserves. It's
not just the variety of foods found
at the market that attracts a crowd
each week, but the variety of each
kind of food.
Even the thriftiest of shoppers
have no complaints.
- "I think the prices are very
reasonable," said Jane Coulter .
(12th-nutrition). "There are lots of
fresh, things available too, a really
Donna Stauffer (Bth-food
service) agreed the prices were
As for her favorite purchase,
Stauffer said last Friday, "I
usually buy banana bread, but
today I'm just looking."
Even though she was only
browsing, Stauffer did not leave
the market empty-handed.,One of
the merchants gave her a free
bouquet of flowers because he had
not been selling many.
Lynn Schnebly (graduate
sciences) was a first-time buyer
"I'm from an area that has huge
farmer markets, and I really enjoy
them," she said.
least 18 credits at least six at the 400 level
to supplement a major.
Barton W. Browning, associate professor
of German and the chairman for the
business and liberal arts non-major option,
said this new program is a very positive step
for the University.
"Penn State is moving in the right
direction in allowing students to expertise in
secondary fields since one field isn't enough
for some types of majors," he said.
Chris Hopwood, president of the
Undergraduate Student Government's
Academic Assembly, said the minor
program is something students have been
participating in for a long time (through the
non-major options) without declaring a
minor. This way, he said, students will be
sure to get the right number of credits for
However, students will have to adjust to
the semester system, he said.
"Under the term system, I think it would
Her purchases were proof •
enough that she enjoyed what she
saw at this farmer's market. One'
sympathetic merchant offered her
a grocery bag for all of her smaller
purchases, which included pears,
apples, tomatoes, fresh herbs and
Jay Hickman (10th-science) was
also a first-timer last week.
"So far I've only bought a
tomato, but I'll probably buy some
pears," he said. "It's much more
reasonable thah a supermarket."
Larry Jones (graduate-computer
science) grows his own tomatoes at
home, but goes to the market to
buy preserves and breads.
Meg Harty (9th-nutrition) said
she usually buys apples, tomatoes
and cantaloupe. Harty enjoys the
market because "the foods are so
much more fresh."
The merchants seem to enjoy the
atmosphere of the outdoor market
as much as their customers do.
One merchant, Chuck Musser of
Bellefonte, described the market
as his chance to relax and leave
behind his private practice as a
psychologist. While most
merchants seek refuge from the
heat beneath their canopies,
Musser stretches out in a canvas
chair and soaks in some rays.
Musser, who raises his own bees,
has been selling honey at the
market for two years.
"The comb honey is my big
seller," he said. "It's really
becoming popular again."
Betty Hodgson of Spring Mills, a
four-year market veteran, phones
the state Department of
Agriculture hotline weekly to
determine the average price for
produce items for that week.
"I don't feel like I'm competing
()Ile • ian
Ge maye i vows to end vio l ence
By The Associated Press peacekeeping force charged with guarding slaughter was under way in the Palestinian
against further Christian-Moslem bloodletting. camps and had informed their commanders, but
Amin Gemayel took over as Lebanon's The first peacekeeping unit, 300 French were told: "It's all right, don't worry."
president yesterday, vowing to stop "the vicious paratroopers, was expected in the Lebanese Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon says
cycle of bloody violence" that has gripped his capital this morning, and the Marines tomorrow. Israeli troops helped coordinate the Christian
land for eight years. Recriminations from last week's Beirut Phalangist militia raid on the two predominantly
"It expresses all we had in mind, really," refugee camp massacre continued to rock Israel. Moslem camps, but never expected it to end in a
former Prime Minister Saeb Salam, a leading An estimated 3,000 demonstrators, shouting massacre. He says Israeli forces intervened to
Lebanese Moslem, said of the Christian "Begin resign!", marched on Prime Minister stop the bloodbath.
president's inaugural speech. "We have great Menachenyßegin's home as the wave of protests .
Amin Gemayel, 40, a political leader of the
hopes in him." • I continued over his government's refusal to
Phalange Party, was elected president by the
Sporadic clashes were reported continuing in authorize an independent inquiry into Israeli
Lebanese Parliament on Tuesday, replacing his
west Beirut between Israeli troops and Lebanese conduct during the mass killings, which were 34-year-old brother Bashir, the Phalangist militia
leftist militias. carried out by Israel's Lebanese Christian allies. leader and president-elect who was assassinated
In the Mediterranean, 1,800 U.S. Marines The respected Israeli newspaper Haaretz in a bomb blast Sept. 14.
aboard the helicopter carrier Guam steamed quoted two Israeli soldiers stationed near the
toward Beirut to join a new three-nation massacre scene as saying they suspected a Also, please see Gemayel, Page 8.
Consumer prices increase in August
By SALLY JACOBSEN,
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON Consumer prices inched
forward at an annual rate of 3.3 percent in. August
as falling gasoline and food costs returned
infl4tion to the low levels of earlier in the year,
the government said yesterday.
Renewed restraint in nearly all categories of
the Labor Department's Consumer Price Index
meant that inflation for the first eight months of
the year was at an annual pace of 5.1 percent. If
that holds for the rest of the year, it would be the
smallest yearly gain since 1976.
At the White House, deputy press secretary
Larry Speakes said, "The inflation figure has
returned to the excellent performance we had in
the beginning of the year."
be a lot easier to take a minor because of
more flexibility," fiopwood said: "For
engineers and technical majors it could be
next to impossible to minor. This won't be
used by a lot of students until they are used
to the new calender."
A minor can either be disciplinary or
interdisciplinary, Dunham said.
Disciplinary minors are in particular
academic units such as history, political
science or economics, and interdisciplinary
majors are sponsored by a department
involving more than one academic unit,
such as black studies.
Some departments will not have minors
because they do not want to offer any option
but a major to students, Dunham said.
Students can declare a minor only in a '
program that has been approved by the
For instance, a student cannot take 18
credits in English for a minor if the English
department does not have an approved
against anyone here," Hodgson
said. "I just think that's the best
way to price my goods."
But another merchant, Judy
Mothergbaugh of State College,
thinks that the market has more
merchants than ever and is more
competitive. As a seven-year
produce merchant at the market,
she also checks the hotline.
Unlike most of the other
merchants who consider tomatoes
their best seller this time of year,
Mothersbaugh said her best seller
%Susan Larson (9th•industriai engineering) samples some fruit at the Farmers Market on McAllister Street. Today is the
last day of the market for this sepson.
Treasury Secretary Donald T. Regan said the
new inflation figures "shatter that sense of
uncontrolled and accelerating price increases we
knew• in the late 19705.
"For my friends in the financial markets, this
is one more stake in the heart of inflationary
expectations," Regan told reporters at the White
House. He said the figures showed "we're on the
road to a sound recovery."
Allen Sinai, senior economist at Data
'Resources Inc. in Mass., attributed
the better results to the weak economy:and
predicted small increases maybe even a
decline in the remaining months of the year.
"We're now returning to the lower plateau of
inflation because of the prolonged recession," he
Evelina Tainer, economist at the First
is sweet corn.
Merchant Norma Merritt of
State College prices her goods by
keeping an eye on the prices the
other merchants at the market
Merritt sells a unique vegetable
called New Guinea butter vine, a
favorite with students who enjoy
delicacies from the Middle East.
To be eligible for the market,
merchants must live in Centre
County and produce their own
goods, said Dan Harner, former
options' next fall
minor, he said.
- Dunham - Said some minors' are alreadY"
approved. They are: African studies,
biological science, comparative literature,,
economics, French, Latin American
studies, linguistics, political science,
sociology and women's studies.
Minors are common at many other
universities because it allows students to
have a concentrated area in a major with an
interest in another area, Dunham said.
The University Faculty Senate approved
the program last year, which now has 31
disciplinary minors and 19 interdisciplinary
minors ready for next fall. The program will
be described in the baccalaureate catalog,
explaining what the requirements are and
which departments have minors, he said.
Students who wish to declare a minor
should be certain to record it with the
Arthur 0. Lewis, associate dean of the
Market Association president.
A $45 membership fee is
required, and merchants pay an
additional fee each market day
based on their , gross sales.
Fees are used to advertise and to
reimburse the borough for parking
money, which is lost on McAllister
Street for the duration of the
market. A season's reimbursement
cost totals $4OO to $5OO, Harner
The market is open from 11:30
a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
Friday, Sept. 24, 1982
Vol. 83, No. 45 24 pages University Park, Pa. 16802
Published by students of The Pennsylvania State University
National Bank of Chicago, described the report
as "good news" and said consumers should have
more money in their pockets as a result of
The administration has been counting on
greater consumer spending to lead the economy
out of the stubborn recession.
In addition to the recession, analysts have
attributed the better figures on inflation to the
worldwide oil surplus and, recently, good farm
The Labor Department also released figures
Thursday showing that Americans' inflation
adjusted average weekly earnings rose 0.1
percent in August after falling 0.2 percent in July
But for the 12 months ending in August,
inflation still managed to outstrip those earnings
College of The Liberal Arts, said the minor
program was proPoSed before the calendar
conversion started beCause some faculty
members decided an academic unit
between individual courses and a major
would be beneficial for students.
Lewis said he attended a liberal arts
conference last year where liberal arts
faculty discussed what they should do in the
future. One of the decisions was to offer
minors to students.
With the new program students will have
more choices than with the non-major
options, Lewis said
"Students can get particular depth in'a
field without having to major in it," he said.
"It is a chance for students to concentrate in
areas other than their majors without
having to fulfill the requirements for two
majors. It will expand and enrich a
student's program and also allow greater
• Many University students
were affected by financial aid
cuts, some who assumed they
would lose funding may have
been misled by rumors that stu
dent aid is history Page 3
o The early semester cal
endar may cause serious lease
problems for off-campus stu
dents Page 12
• The undefeated Nittany Li
ons face second-ranked Nebras
ka at Beaver Stadium on
Saturday afternoon Page 13
o Powerful surrealism marks
the transfer of Pink Floyd's al
bum "The Wall" to the screen
Partly sunny today with a high
temperature of 68 degrees. In
creasing cloudiness and cool
ton(ght with a low temperature
of 53 degrees. Mostly cloudy
with scattered showers and a
high near 65 degrees. Continued
cloudy with showers tonight and
a low near 50 degrees. Mostly
cloudy Sunday with a high in the
• Who was that man selling
hats with clapping hands last
Saturday'? Page 2
—by Craig Wagner