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Westerners say Sadat's security was lacking-
By TOM BALDWIN
Associated Press Writer
CAIRO, Egypt (AP) Westerners who witnessed the
assassination of President Anwar Sadat say his security
forces failed to react to protect the president. They also
raised questions about the official account that only four
attackers were involved.
Military attaches gnd diplomats who attended the parade
Tuesday told The Associated Press they were surprised, in
some cases shocked, because Sadat's security forces failed
to take action to safeguard Sadat.
Some diplomats questioned a government version that the
murder team was limited to four men, three of whom were
said to be civilians who masqueraded as soldiers and
sneaked onto an army truck for the parade.
"It has to raise questions," said a Western military
attache who saw the attack.
Another diplomat who was there said of Sadat's security
men, "It was not a professional reaction at all." The
Western sources would not be quoted by name.
Photographers at the scene said that as soon as the
gunfire started, some security officers turned their weapons
on the cameramen and announced, "no pictures."
A security ring did not appear around the area
minutes after the first shots were fired. In addition to Sadat,
five people were killed and at least 28 wounded. No complete
Even U.S. dollars
couldn't save Sadat
By LAWRENCE L. KNUTSON
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) The United States spent
.millions over the past four administrations in an
Attempt to help ensure the safety of Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat, slain Tuesday as he
'reviewed a military parade. in Cairo.
The assistance, including the loan of AWACS
radar planes to protect Sadat on some of his
travels, was confirmed yesterday by past and
present administration officials. And it .had been
acknowledged, in part, by Sadat himself.
"We provided training and assistance over
various times over the past few years," said Dean
Fischer, the. State Department spokesman.
"It is a fact we were providing assistance to
help his security," said a former , high ranking
Official of the Carter administiation. He was one
of several former and current U.S. officials inter
viewed who asked not to be identified by name.
Another high Carter administration official said
the United. States helped train Sadat's body
guards, recommended and perhaps provided sen
sor and other intruder detection devices at
Sadat's homes, and made . available a highly
sensitive and secret communications system that
guaranteed intercept-free conversations.
The United States also provided Airborne Warn
Reagan gets more AWACS support
AP poll still shows odds against sale
By JIM ADAMS
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON ( AP) President Reagan picked up
more Senate support yesterday for his sale of AWACS
radar planes to Saudi Arabia but an Associated Press
count shows the lineup still against him, 57 to 30.
Republican Nancy Kassebaum of Kansas met with
Reagan and then became the eighth senator in two days
to speak out in behalf of the $8.5-billion package.
"I think the assassination of President Sadat makes it
crucial that we reach out to all moderate governments"
in the region, the senator said.
She said the United States should make the sale and
"take a gamble that it will be productive" in enlisting
Saudi support for the U.S. Middle East peace initiative.
But the AP count now shows 50 senators committed
against the sale and seven others leaning against it.
It shows 21 senators firmly in favor of the sale and
nine leaning that way
The remaining 13 senators say they are uncommitted.
Two separate compromise efforts are under way,
however. And Senate Democratic Leader Alan
Cranston, a leading opponent, said that Reagan may be
able to sway several opponents to his side.
Cranston said he remains confident. the sale will be
And the AP count shows that if the president can win a
Solidarity leader Lech Walesa waves his arm as he casts his vote at the Solidarity leadership meeting in Gdansk, Poland
figure on the number of killed and wounded has been issued.
One Western military attache said it was curious there
was no sharpshooter atop and behind the president's posi
tion, as is usually the case, to defend against attack.
News film taken from a tower at one side of the reviewing
stand showed Sadat's attackers were able to charge right up
to the edge of the chest-high barrier in front of him and
repeatedly fire their automatic rifles at point-black range,
without anyone apparently returning fire.
There were a few frames that showed security guards
apparently running away or simply standing nearby without
drawing their weapons. But in a television film, one security
guard could be seen firing his pistol at three fleeing
attackers without hitting them.
At least three Western military attaches who saw the
attack at close range said there was no effective return fire.
There were some shots fired by guards who in some cases
were non-Egyptians protecting their own diplomats, two
Diplomatic sources said the U.S. Embassy here has
ordered all its staff who attended the parade to file reports
on what they saw, with an eye toward trying to evaluate the
performance of Sadat's security, which had received Amer
ican advice on how to protect Sadat.
It has also been learned that Western military attaches
are trading observations and their consensus is that the
ing and Control System (AWACS) surveillance on
several Sadat trips, thelormer official said.
The cost ran into the millions of dollars but no
precise estimate was immediately available.
Former President Richard Nixon gave Sadat a
$2-million, armor-plated helicopter in 1974. And
one Reagan administration oficial said that while
it was "primarily a gesture,'•' it was given on the
advice of Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger
"who believed that helicopters, provided great
The training of Sadat's bodyguards began in the
Nixon and Ford administrations. One official said
it consisted "more or less of standard Secret
Service type training."
He said it included crowd control, defensive
driving techniques, forming of motorcades, se
curing the presidential residences, and of tech
niques to improve intelligence gathering to
thwart assassination attempts.
"He lived in so many different houses, some of
them on the beach, some in the countryside, that
it was important to have equipment installed,
including sensors and monitors," the official said.
The communications equipment was intended
to permit Sadat to travel in Egypt and elsewhere
without broadcasting his whereabouts to potential
enemies, the official said.
stunning come-from-behind victory, it will be a squeak
With House rejection virtually assured next week, the
president will have to win all 13 of the uncommitted
senators and turn around at least seven of the Senate
opponents to save the sale. Assuming all 100 senators
voted, it would take 51 to kill the deal. However, the
procedure requires just a simple majority of those
present and voting.
The $8.5 billion sale, the biggest single arms sale in
U.S. history, goes through Oct. 31 unless both the House
and Senate approve veto resolutions against it by then.
The sale includes five Airborne Warning and Control
System radar planes, plus 1,177 Sidewinder missiles and
fuel pods and fuel tankers to increase the firepower and
range of 62 F-15 jet fighters.
Reagan stands a chance of winning over four Senate
opponents and one undecided senator in one swoop in
one of the compromise efforts under way, although a
Senate aide said that effort is only in the discussion
Rich Galen, an aide to Sen. Dan Quayle, R-Ind., said
that Quayle and the other four Republicans met with
White House officials on the possibility yesterday.
The five senators proposed that the president guar
antee the Senate in a letter that he would seek over the
next four years to win specific Saudi agreements on
1 • -
Egyptian soldiers and workers dig the temporary grave at the tomb to the
Unknown Warrior where President Anwar Sadat will be buried Saturday (above).
Later, Sadat will be moved to masoleum which is being constructed nearby.
Weeping villagers grieve for the assassinated leader outside Sadat's country villa
near Cairo (right).
security and operation of the planes, and a Saudi
agreement to cooperate in some sort of Middle East
The Saudis have already agreed to most of the
conditions but have their own eight-point peace plan and
have shown no willingness to cooperate in the U.S.-
backed Camp David plan for phased peace steps.
The five senators include Quayle and Sen. Mack
Mattingly, R-Ga., who are leaning against the sale;
Sens. Bob Kasten, R-Wis., and Slade Gorton, R-Wash.,
who are co-sponsors of a veto resolution against the
sale, and Sen. Frank H. Murkowski, R-Alaska, who is
They met with James A. Baker, Reagan's chief of
staff and Max Friedersdorf, the president's chief con
gressional liaison assistant. Senate Republican Leader
Howard Baker also sat in on the meeting.
The second compromise effort was endorsed by the
president yesterday and led by Sens. Sam Nunn, D-Ga.,
and John Warner, R-Va., supporters of the sale.
A Senate resolution introduced by Nunn and Warner
would urge the Saudis to agree to the security conditions
the administration says they have already accepted.
The resolution would also express a Senate desire that
all U.S. support for the Saudi planes be terminated if the
conditions are violated, and that the Saudis "promote
peace and stability."
Egyptian version of the killing contains big holes.
The attaches say that in addition to at least three men
photographed charging and shooting at Sadat, two or three
others stayed aboard the truck and poured sustained fire at
In addition, the TV film showed the driver of the assas
sins' truck sitting in the cab. The other man in the front of
the truck jumped out, hurled a grenade toward Sadat and
quickly got back in the cab. This suggested eight men were
Col. Peter Rosser, the British military attache, said the
day after the attack that he believed he saw seven or eight
Vice President Hosni Mubarak, named as Sadat's succes
sor, told reporters that Sadat was killed by four men not
six as has previously been reported led by a Moslem
fanatic. Defense Minister Abdel Halim Abu Ghazala said
one of the assassins was an officer, and three were, civilians
including a retired officer who masqueraded as soldiers on
One attache said it was "inconceivable" for civilians to
have slipped unnoticed into the parade, as Ghazala said,
because they would have been spotted by the other soldiers.
The only way this could have happened, said the attache,
was if officers at least at company level had known about it.
He said he and other Western attaches agreed that
Walesa secures majority
By THOMAS W. NETTER
Associated Press Writer
GDANSK, Poland (AP) Solidarity leader Lech Walesa won
a hard battle at a national leadership meeting yesterday and
secured a moderate majority on Solidarity's governing presid
After the meeting of the national commission, a representa
tive body of regional union leaders elected at the union's just
ended first national convention, Walesa appeared excited and
happy. He told reporters that Solidarity eventually would win
its battle for access ,to the state-controlled news media.
Although the exact split between radicals and moderates on
the presidium was not immediately clear, the radical-leaning
commission apparently chose a presidium to Walesa's liking.
In Warsaw, the government press agency Interpress said the
Communist Party's policymaking Central Committee would
meet next Wednesday and Thursday. It would be the first
meeting of the 200-meifiber committee since the Solidarity
Walesa, a moderate who is popular with the rank-and-file,
won more than 55 percent of the convention delegates' votes to
defeat three challengers in the election for a two-year term
national chairman. He had been under attack by union mili
tants, who succeeding in getting radicals elected to the national
Sources at the national commission meeting yesterday said
Walesa's bid to chair that session was rejected. They said the
meeting erupted in shouting and anger.
collusion between Egypt's top generals and the assassins
was highly unlikely because the generals were all placed in
the line of fire and some were wounded.
However, he said the attaches speculated that the assas
sins may have bribed an officer at comp . any level without
disclosing why they wanted to ride in the parade.
Several other diplomatic sources said Sadat's guards had
never been trained to look for threats from within the
Another unanswered question is where the assassins got
their Soviet-designed weapons. The semi-official newspaper
Al-Abram yesterday quoted the chief of Egypt's security as
saying the guns and grenades came from Upper ,Egypt,
which includes an area in the southern provinces that is
infamous among police and military officers for the avail
ability. of guns stolen from nearby garrisons.
Diplomats and witnesses are at odds about whether the
attack might have been timed to coincide with a jet flyover.
The assassins stormed from their truck just as fighter jets
were screaming overhead and almost everyone was looking
The security chief, Maj. Gen. Mahmoud el Masri, blamed
the slow reaction of his guards on the breakdowns of a
motorcycle and another military vehicle that preceded the
Shuttle may take off Nov. 4
WASHINGTON (AP) With re
pairs to the fuel-damaged space
shuttle Columbia almost completed,
the space agency yesterday set a
new launch date of Nov. 4 for the
ship's oft-delayed second orbital
Columbia is the first spacecraft
scheduled to make a return trip to
orbit, and the flight will be a major
test of its designed capability to
make repeated journeys into space.
Astronauts Joe Engle and Richard
UPS sues to block postal hike
WILMINGTON, Del. (AP) United
Parcel Service has filed a federal
lawsuit to block a first-class stamp
price hike, contending it would allow
U.S. Postal Service parcel post rates
to be kept "artificially low," a UPS
spokesman said yesterday.
The price of a first-class stamp is
set to increase Nov. 1 from 18 cents
to 20 cents, but its parcel post rates
will not increase.
Dan Buckley, spokesman for the
private nationwide parcel post serv-
Twelve members of the presidium were elected by the
national commission. Walesa, as national chairman, and the
Solidarity leaders from Poland's six major regions also will
have seats, bringing the full membership to 19.
The sources said Jacek Merkel, national press spokesman
Janusz Onyszkiewicz and economic adviser Grzegortz Palka
were among the Walesa allies who won spots on the presidium.
Several radicals failed to gain election, including Jan Rul
ewski, one of the Bydgoszcz unionists whose beating by police
last March sparked a tense confrontation between Solidarity
and the governnient. Rulewski also ran unsuccessfully against
Walesa for national chairman.
Bogdan Lis, a top union leader and Walesa supporter, did not
win election to the presidium, apparently because of his
involvement in talks with the government about a cigarette
price hike. When the increase was announced Saturday, during
the union congress, it enraged many of the delegates, who
threatened to call strikes. Walesa said Lis would still play a
major role in the union leadership.
The outcome of the presidium voting is expected to determine
what course the year-old labor federation takes in dealing with
the Communist authorities.
Solidarity will start negotiating with the government soon on
its demand that prices be frozen until a plan of economic
reforms can be reached by the government with union appro
The union's congress adopted a sweeping, 34-point economic,
social and political program before adjourning Wednesday.
Friday, Oct. 9 8
Truly will fly the five-day mission
The new launch date was set after
officials of the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration reviewed
repairs being made to the craft as a
result of a damaging fuel spill Sept.
22. The accident forced postpone
ment of a planned Oct. 9 launch.
The spill of the caustic nitrogen
tetroxide fuel occurred as crews
were pumping it into a fuel tank with
Columbia on the launch pad at Cape
ice based in Greenwich, Conn., said
the price difference for parcel post
"is so great there is the danger of
package diversion" to the govern
"Because we do not have govern-•
ment subsidies, we must charge
rates based on our cost.''
While Postal Service parcel rates
will not be altered until 1984, the
postmaster general has said, Bucke
ly noted that UPS will, have to in
crease its rates as costs increase.
Reagan holds service with U.S. funeral delegation
By JAMES GERSTENZANG
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) With three former
presidents at his side yesterday, President Rea
gan said the American people stand together with
the people of Egypt in mourning Anwar Sadat and
in "rededicating ourselves to the cause for which
he gave his life "
In a brief ceremony at the south side of the
White House, Reagan bade farewell to the Ameri
can delegation to Sadat's funeral Saturday a
delegation that included former presidents Car
ter, Ford and Nixon.
It was the first time this century and possibly
ever that four men who had•been president had
Directing remarks at those who rejoiced at the
Egyptian president's death, Reagan said, "In life
you feared Anwar Sadat, but in death you must
fear him more."
Hours before the American delegation left for
Cairo, Reagan invited the slain Egyptian leader's
successor, Hosni Mubarak, on a state visit early
Reagan issued the invitation through Ashraf
Ghorbal, the Egyptian ambassador here, when
the envoy visited the Oval Office yesterday to
receive Reagan's condolences on the assassina
British will not
over reform with
The president, in a voice barely audible to
reporters, told the ambassador that since Sadat's
death Tuesday,' "depression settles on me. You
get busy doing something, and then it comes back
again. It's a tragedy. How useless, how sense
In a meeting also attended by Secretary of State
Alexander M. Haig Jr. and Richard V. Allen, the
president's national securiy adviser, Reagan also
stressed that the United States' relationship with
Egypt "is from nation to nation," an indication
that it would not be affected by Sadat's death.
Haig was the ranking administration official in
the U.S. delegation to Sadat's funeral.
Also in the delegation was Henry Kissinger, the
former secretary of state.
The three former presidents met with Reagan
at the White House and then flew by helicopter
from the South Lawn to Andrews Air Force Base,
where they boarded a presidential jet and left
about 7:50 p.m. EDT for the flight to Egypt.
Before the three former chief executives left
after spending a half-hour at the White House,
Reagan, along with Mrs. Reagan and Mrs. Car
ter, were joined by Vice President George Bush
and his wife, Barbara, in the Blue Room.
As the men stood around in a circle, with their
wives off to the side, Reagan raised his glass and
made a toast: "Ordinarily I would wish you happy
landing but you're all Navy men so I wish you bon
Nixon and Ford told Reagan he made a wise
decision in not going, to Cairo, White House
officials said later. The officials, who asked not to
be identified, said it was not clear if Carter
expressed an opinion
The White House said Reagan and Bush were
not going because of security reasons.
The five men talked for 10 to 15 minutes about
the Middle East and about Sadat and "the heroic
nature of the man," one official said. He de
scribed the conversation as "fairly animated"
and said the atmosphere in the White House and
earlier on the helicopter ride was "good, warm."
Carter, on his way from the South Lawn to the
helicopter, shook hands with several reporters
and said "this is a sad occasion." Nixon, looking
tanned, and Ford headed straight for the helicopt
The Reagans escorted them to the waiting
aircraft and then walked back to the White House,
pausing to wave from a red carpet.
Reagan also had invited the top four congressio
nal leaders to join the delegation but they decided
against attending the funeral, as did Reagan and
Vice President Bush, whose aides cited security
fears as the reason.
While funeral plans were being prepared in
BELFAST, Northern Ireland (AP) Brit l ain insisted
yesterday that it would not negotiate with jailed Irish
nationalists over the new prison reform package.
The American ambassador to Britain, meanwhile,
met with leaders of the major political parties during
his first official visit to Northern Ireland.
Lord Gowrie, the British minister responsible for
prisons here, said he would visit Maze prison near
Belfast, but declined to say when.
"When I go in it will not be for the purpose of
negotiation nor to add to the substance of Tuesday's
statement," Gowrie said.
Britain's take-ot-or-leave package of reforms was
announced Tuesday, three days after the collapse of
the 7-month hunger strike by Irish nationalist prison
ers in the Maze demanding special status. Ten men
Trip a journalist today.
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Egypt, riot police and Moslem worshippers
clashed in the city of Assyut, 240 miles south of
The Reagan administration, meanwhile, stood
by Haig's statement Wednesday that he was
encouraged by the continuity of Egypt's policies.
"There is every indication the Egyptian govern
ment is moving forward in its constitutional
process," said David R. Gergen, Reagan's assis
tant for communications.
Gergen, the chief White House spokesman, said
he did not wish to "make any statement of
concern about internal developments" in Egypt,
meaning the reports of fighting.
Reaga'n gave Ghorbal a framed color photo
graph of Sadat taken while the Egyptian presi
dent visited Washington in August. Reagan is in
the background in the picture.
"He was very kind to reminisce over the recent
visit of President and Mrs. Sadat," Ghorbal said
outside the White House after the meeting. "He
assured me that the relationship (between the
United States and Egypt) solid as it is ... will
continue to grow "
He said the relationship "is the cornerstone of
all our efforts to bring peace and stability" to the
Ghorbal confirmed Reagan's invitation to Mu
barak but offered no immediate reply.
died on the fast
U.S. Ambassador John J. Louis Jr., who took his
post in London May 15, was making a "routine
familiarization visit," a spokesman for the U.S.
Consulate here said.
Louis, at the start of a three-day stay, met with
leaders of the four main local political parties the
Rev. lan Paisley and James Molyneaux, both Protes
tants; John Hume of the Roman Catholic Social
Democratic and Labor Party, and Oliver Napier of
the Alliance Party, which attempts to cross the
Meanwhile, 400 protesting Maze prisoners from the
outlawed Irish Republican Army and the allied Irish
National Liberation Army, still have not said whether
they will accept the British package. Prisoners
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The Daily Collegian Friday, Oct. 9, 1981-9
Ghorbal and his wife accepted an invitation to
fly to Egypt on the airplane carrying the U.S.
In addition to the Haig and the three former
presidents, the delegation included Defense Sec
retary Caspar W. Weinberger, U.N. Ambassadot
Jeane Kirkpatrick, Army Chief of Staff Gen,
Edward C. Meyer.
The group also included singer Stevie Wonder
and Sam Brown, a 14-year-old from Liberty, S.C.;
who spent a week in Egypt in 1979 after a letter he
wrote to Sadat caught the Egyptian leader's
House Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill, D-Mass.;
House Minority Leader Bob Michel, R-I11.; Senate
Majority Leader Howard. H. Baker Jr., R-Tenn.;
and Senate Minority Leader Robert C. Byrd, D-
W.Va., each turned down the White House invita;
Members of the congressional delegation s
according to another White House spokesman;
included House Majority Leader Jim Wright, DL
Texas; Sen. Charles Percy, R-111., chairman of
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee; Sen.
Strom Thurmond, R-S.C.; Sen. Claiborne Pell, D-
R.I. ; Rep. Clement J. Zablocki, D-Wis., chairman
of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and
Rep. William S. Broomfield, R-Mich.
taking part in the 5 1 / 2 -year-old protest refuse to wear
prison clothes and wrap themselves only in blankets
The protesters demanded the right to wear their
own clothes instead of prison-issued garb, to asso
ciate freely, to choose what work to do in the prison,
more mail and visitors, and full remission of sentence
a 50 percent reduction in sentences given to all
prisoners who obey the rules.
The reform package granted the demand to wear
their own clothes and said prison work could be
redefined to include educational pursuits. It refuses
them free association, but hinted the prisoners may
be allowed to have "limited" association in exercise
and recreation rooms. No mention was made of
increased mail and visits.
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