The daily collegian. (University Park, Pa.) 1940-current, November 03, 1980, Image 1

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    Iran approves terms of hostage release
Difficulties still remain
' By The Associated Press
The Iranian Parliament, in a major
; step toward ending a stalemate that has
; kept the world in crisis for a year, voted
yesterday to free the 52 American
hostages if the United States meets four
conditions set down by Ayatollah
- Ruhollah Khomeini and a parliamentary
: committee.
Sadegh Ghdtbzadeh, Iran’s former
; foreign minister and a key figure in the
U.S.-Iranian confrontation, said it was
“physically impossible” for the
Americans to be freed by tomorrow,
Election Day, but said he hoped “the
whole thing” could be over in one week.
■ It was the most promising develop
ment in the U.S.-Iranian confrontation in
the 365 days since the seizure of the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran. Still, the Iranian
proposal, calling for U.S. concessions on
complex financial matters, was fraught
with .potential difficulties.
President Carter, at a White House
news briefing, said the Parliament’s
terms “appear to offer a positive basis”
for negotiating the hostages’ freedom,
but he could not predict when that might
The Iranians said the United States
must fulfill all of the terms not simply
signal its acceptance of them. Groups of
hostages then would be freed in phases
as each condition is met, they said.
; The Parliament appeared to have
hardened in at least one key aspect of the
position set down by Khomeini when he
listed the conditions.
Tehran radio said the Parliament’s
position was that “America’s pro
crastination can prevent their release
and lead to their trial (as alleged
Although the language approved by
the Majlis does not mention trials, it
does say the hostages would be turned
over to the “judicial system” if the con
ditions were not met. When Khomeini
'first set down the conditionsySept. -12,
U.S. officials were encouraged by the
omission of any reference to trials.
American officials yesterday declined
comment on the Parliament’s refine
Democratic committee alters
its position and endorses Day
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
The State College Borough
Democratic Committeehas reversed
its position and endorsed independent
candidate Michael G. Day for the 77th
District state legislative seat, com :
mittee chairman Gregory J.'Stewart
announced yesterday.
Although the committee said this
summer it could not endorse Day
because of party bylaws, Stewart
said the bylaws were re-evaluated
and found to be unclear when dealing
,with a party candidate without the
support of the committee.
Robert C. Brazill, who won the
Democratic primary on a write-in
vote, lost the party’s support when
party officials discovered that he liv
ed and voted in New Jersey three
years ago. The Pennsylvania Con
stitution says a representative must
live in the state for four consecutive
“They are presuming I am ineligi
ble,” Brazill said, “but that has not
been proven.”
In supporting Day, a registered
Democrat who joined the race as an
independent after the primaries,
Stewart said, “It is,clear that Mike
Day represents the obvious and
responsible alternative to the incum
bent state representative. He is the
only candidate in this race represen
ting fundamental Democratic prin
ciples. He is a Democrat and always
has been.”
• Stewart said he contacted 18 of the
committee’s 22 members this
weekend and everyone reached in
dicated his or her support for Day.
Brazill charged that the committee
was trying to “muscle me out of the
election” and that its endorsement of 1
Day was against party bylaws.
Saying that the committee reneged
on its previous pledge not to support
anyone other than a Democratic can
didate, Brazill said, “I think Greg
Stewart, his committee and Michael
Day are guilty of election fraud and
there’s a strong possibility, legal ac
tion. I’m looking into that now.”
Stewart denied any intentions of
“Mr. Brazill has a lot to learn about
politics,” Stewart said. “The party
can endorse anyone it wishes. It has
nothing to do with fraud.”
Executive Democratic committee
ment, saying they were awaiting an of
ficial translation of the conditions.
The Iranian news agency, Pars, said
the Parliament, with 200 of its 228
members present for the stormy session,
voted by a “decisive majority” to ap
prove the four conditions for the
hostages’ release recommended by a
seven-member select committee. The
action had been expected for the past
According to an unofficial Pars
translation of the committee report, Iran
is demanding that the United States:
• Make a “firm commitment to avoid
all direct or indirect political and
military interference” in Iran’s affairs.
• Release an estimated $8 billion in
Iranian government assets in U.S. banks
that were frozen by Carter’s executive
order last Nov. 14.
• “Cancel and annul” all financial
claims against the Iranian government
in U.S. courts. It says the U.S. govern
ment must guarantee that it, not Iran,
will pay any damages awarded in such
• “Officially recognize the right of the
Iranian government to the deceased
shah’s wealth and that of his close
Iran also demands that the U.S. presi
dent “take all legal and administrative
actions necessary to transfer these pro
perties to Iran.”
The decision of the Parliament was an
nounced as Iran struggled into the
seventh week of war with neighboring
Radio Tehran yesterday confirmed a
report that Iraqi forces had capture Ira
nian Oil Minister Mohammed Jawad Ba
qir Tunguyan, a deputy minister and
four other Iranian officials near the
besieged Iranian oil refinery city
The officials were “kidnapped con
trary _to. international the
broadcast said.
Iraq announced it had begun a major
offensive to capture Abadan, which it
claims to have surrounded.
member Gary Potter said, “The par
ty makes its own rules. And we’re the
party. If there was absolutely no
question about Brazill’s eligibility,
we’d have no choice but to support
him. But as far as we’re concerned,
we don’t have a candidate.”
Both Potter and Stewart said its en
dorsement was bolstered by a similar
case in Philadelphia.
The Democratic committee from
the 3rd District recently endorsed the
independent opponent of Democratic
incumbent Michael D. “Ozzie”
Meyers for U.S. Congress. Meyers
was expelled from the House last
month after his conviction in the
Ab§cam investigation.
“If the state Democratic Party
ever tried to challenge our decision,”
Potter said, “they’d have a much
larger committee in Philadelphia to
contend with first.”
Stewart said the bylaws interpreta
tions are “stictly committee
4 C
Michael G. Day
* *ir4 r.
■ 5'
As Carter admiiiistration officials warned there was “no bi»sis’/tp expect that
the American hostages would be released by Election Day t&e one-year
anniversary of the hostages’ captivity (i-yeai;-old Suzanne Chase of Salem,
Ore., tied a yellow ribbon 'round an old oak tree yesterday to commemorate the
* %
? '' - u *v
Brazill, however, insisted the com
mittee’s action is illegal.
“By promoting a candidate who is
not the party nominee, they are
bypassing the primary system,
bypassing the law and bypassing the
mandate of the people,” he said.
Day, on the other hand, called the
endorsement “great.”
“I can’t say it comes as a sur
prise,” he said. “The Democratic
Party has been helping me out all
along. It seems they are now willing
to make their support open and let the
voters know this.”
Day said the committee, formerly
discreet in its support, has supplied
him with voter registration lists, ad
dresses for fund-raising purposes and
has helped his campaign workers
deliver campaign literature.
“The endorsement will serve to re
mind people they don’t have to vote
Democrat in order to register a vote
against Gregg Cunningham,” Day
<T'- ’
Senate won't endorse candidate
Three contenders for 77th District seat address USG
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
A divided Undergraduate Student Government Senate voted
yesterday Hot to endorse a candidate for state representative
from the 77th District, but several senators voiced their sup
port for independent candidate Michael G. Day.
Voting on the issue came after the three candidates for the
office spoke to the senate.
The approved bill, introduced by senators Mark
Featherstone and Doug Crispell, gave the senators the option
of voicing preference for either Day, Republican incumbent
Rep. Gregg L. Cunningham or Democrat Robert C. Brazill.
The final ballot gave 12 votes to Day and zero votes to both
Brazill and Cunningham, with eight abstentions.
“This is not an endorsement,” Crispell said. “This is a good
way of letting it be known what we think.”
Crispell’s and Featherstone’s bill was the third bill con
sidered by the senate, but most discussion on each of the bills
centered on whether the senate should make an endorsement
at all.
Town senators Bill Cluck and Linda Anne Coxen introduced
the bill that would have endorsed Day.
“It’s about time student government came out with an en
dorsement for a candidate,” Coxen said. “By doing this, it will
show the students we are progressive and we are leaders.”
But not all senators agreed with Coxen. Fraternity senator
John Bravacos said that because of the differences between
the candidates, some students would be angry if the senate
made an endorsement.
“I don’t think our choice is going to come out that good,” he
said.“No matter who we endorse, we’re going to come up with
Bong ban for minors on agenda
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
The State College Municipal Council
tonight is to consider a proposed
ordinance that would ban the sale of
drug paraphernalia to minors.
The council also is to consider a
resolution that would open more council
meetings and discussions to the public,
and a recommendation to the state
Department of Transportation on
completion of the State College bypass.
The ordinance banning the sale of drug
paraphernalia to minors was proposed
by council member Daniel Chaffee in
July as an alternative to a total ban.
At its October meeting the council
adopted the total ban the “bong law”
but also asked muncipal solicitor
Robert K. Kistler to draft Chaffee’s
proposal for the council’s consideration.
Kistler said the ban to minors could be
adopted in addition to the bong law.
The bong law makes it illegal to sell
items for use, designed for use or
intended for use with illegal drugs.
Many items considered drug
paraphernalia also have legal uses;
therefore, conviction under the bong law
requires that the person selling an item
Carter responds to plan
WASHINGTON (UPI) - President
Carter, responding to Iran’s conditions
for the release the American hostages,
told the nation yesterday he would ac
cept only an arrangement that
“preserves the national honor and na
tional integrity.”
Hastening back to the White House
from the campaign trail for a day of con
ferences on the latest developments in
the year-long crisis, Carter made a brief
nationally televised television
He said the four-part Iranian proposal
for the 52 hostages’ freedom “appears to
offer a positive basis” for achieving his
long-stated objective “the honor and
vital interests of the United States and
the earliest possible safe return of the
He said the administration was follow
ing up the Iranian offer through
diplomatic channels, but asserted any
U.S. action “will be in full accord with
our laws and our Constitution.”
Noting the chance for the hostages’
freedom came only two days before the
election, Carter pledged, “My decision
on this matter will not be affected by the
He said the admnistration was keeping
the congressional leadership,
Republican presidential candidate
Ronald Reagan, and independent John
B. Anderson up to date on developments
and, “We will keep the American people
Carter said whether the hostages are
freed before or after tomorrow’s elec
tion, the Iranian government and all
other nations “will find the American
people united in wanting their return on
ly on a basis that preserves the national
honor and national integrity.”
White House press secretary Jody
Powell warned earlier there was “no
basis” to expect the hostages, now one
day short of one year in captivity, would
be free - before Election Day.
Carter and his advisers moved to
dampen hopes the hostages’ release was
imminent because the Iranians’ condi
tions, particularly the return of the late
know that it is being bought for use with
illegal drugs.
The proposed ban to minors would
make it illegal to sell paraphernalia to
minors, regardless of intent.
Chaffee said in October that he
thought the ban to minors would be
enforceable and effective because it
eliminates the need to know the intent of
the purchaser.
The open meetings resolution,
proposed by council member Joseph
Wakeley Jr., would open more council
meetings to the public, as well as
meetings of council’s committees,
authorities, boards and commissions.
Under the state Open Meetings Law,
or the “Sunshine Act,” meetings of
government agencies are required to be
open when formal action such as voting
or policy-setting is taking place.
Wakeley said in September he believes
the public has a right to see the
discussion that goes into a decision
before the decision is made. His
resolution provides for private
discussion regarding litigation,
personnel problems and purchase price
of real estate. The Sunshine Act also
provides for closed meetings under these
Monday, Nov. 3,1980
Vol. 81, N 0.71 16 pages University Park, Pa. 16802
Published by Students of The Pennsylvania State University
some bad feelings either way.”
The bill to endorse Day was defeated by a 10-9 vote with one
abstention that of Day supporter Cindy Dutt, who said it is
not right for the senate as a body to endorse a candidate if the
group is divided.
“What we are doing now hasn’t been done before, and I don’t
think we should start now,” Dutt said. “I would like to support
Day, but I don’t think the senate should endorse him.”
The first bill on the matter, introduced by town senator Vic
Dupuis and defeated by a vote of 12-7 with two abstentions,
said the senate should make no endorsement. Dupuis said the
senate might experience problems if it endorses a candidate.
“For us as a representative body to go and tell our consti
tuents that we want them to vote in one direction or another,
we might be committing ourselves to a political philosophy we
might not want to,” he said. “It’s not our responsibility.”
Centre Halls senator Ed Dougherty said the senate had
waited until too late to make an effective endorsement.
“This is too last-minute to do any kind of credible job,” he
said. “We should have started at least three weeks ago.”
But town senator Bill Cluck said the senators as student
leaders should express their opinion on the rate.
“We are probably potentially more informed,” he said.
“They might like to know what their elected officials think.”
Town senator Ellie Sternberg agreed with Cluck, saying, “I
think it is our right and our duty as student leaders to tell them
how we see it.
“I think we should be very much involved in state govern
ment,” she said. “What we are here for is to make an impact
on the future for the students. I think it is very important for us
to let the students know what we think.”
The council’s recommendation on the
State College bypass is one of several
being received by PennDOT regarding
completion of the two-mile section of the
10-mile bypass.
Alternatives for completion include
using a two-lane highway or a four-lane
highway. PennDOT officials have said
the two-lane highway, which is $3 million
cheaper than the four-lane highway,
would handle traffic adequately.
PennDOT is seeking federal funds for
the project. After a public hearing on the
bypass Nov. 19, PennDOT will make a
recommendation for completion to the
federal highway administration.
There should be a good deal of sunshine
today and after a chilly start, it will
become breezy and milder. The after
noon high will reach 57. Partly cloudy
and windy tonight with a low of 40. Elec
tion Day weather should feature partly
sunny, windy and mild conditions with a
shower possible. The afternoon
temperatures will be in the upper 50s.
shah’s personal fortune and the unfreez
ing of an estimated $8 billion in U.S.
banks, posed what Secretary of State
Edmund S. Muskie termed “complex”
and time-consuming problems of
American law.
Muskie said the U.S. decision on Iran’s
four conditions for releasing the
hostages will not be made “until we
understand the fine print.”
Muskie earlier said in a television in
terview the United States was net ready
to accept “just any proposition” to free
the hostages and would be guided by the
principles of American interests, honor,
and the desire to free the hostages as
soon as possible.
Powell, making the same point as the
president and Muskie, told reporters
after the second top-level session, “No
one should for a moment labor under the
misapprehension that the timing of the
American elections will in any way af
fect the decisions of the American
Carter conferred with his chief foreign
policy advisers the first time around.
White House legal counsel Lloyd Cutler
and Treasury Secretary William Miller
joined the afternoon session, apparently
to advise Carter on his options on Iran’s
demand that its assets in U.S. banks be
Muskie, appearing on ABC’s “Issues
and Answers,” said the four conditions
announced by Iran’s parliament ap
peared within the framework of terms
outlined by Ayatollah Ruhollah Kho
meini on Sept. 12. But, he added, “Until
we understand the fine print, we won’t
know the limits.”
If legal claims already have been at
tached to the Iranian assets frozen by
Carter, Muskie said, that could be a pro
blem. Suits which approximately equal
the initial values of the frozen Iranian
assets,—about $8 billion have been fil
ed in federal courts. -
Another possible problem, Muskie
said, is Iran’s insistence the government
guarantee Iran immunity against all
legal claims.
Decent start