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Elections officials at the Westerly Parkway Junior High turnout county wide. The student vote was estimated at
School prepare to help another voter through the balloting 10 per cent.
procedure on an Election Day that saw about a 40 per cent
Democrats gain Pa. Supreme Court control
PHILADELPHIA (AP) A maverick
Pittsburgh judge who struggled to win
the Democratic nomination last spring
rolled up substantial votes in Allegheny
and Philadelphia counties yesterday, on
his, way to winning a 10-year Supreme
Rolf Larsen, the boyish-looking
Allegheny County jurist, was never
behind in his battle to put the state's
highest court in Democratic hands for
the first time in its 250-year history.
He outpointed Republican Frank
Montemuro Jr. of Philadelphia every
step of the way.
.In Montemuro's home county, the
Democratic bastion gave Larsen a
commanding plurality. The story was
PSU to lay off. 16 physical plant workers
By HARRY GLENN
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
To eliminate 33 positions, the Office of the Physical
' Plant has laid off 16 trade and janitorial employees.
Physical plant employees were notified Oct. 21,
about the possibility of layoffs. A letter sent to the
employees read, "The Office of Physical Plant is
currently in a situation where there is not sufficient
work available to maintain the current number of
Two weeks ago, 33 workers were given notice of the
upcoming layoffs. Since then, the workers have been
going through a series of bumpings that ended
"There is a complex procedure within the union
contract that gives laid-off employees the right to
bump into other jobs in the University," William L.
Hetrick, director of physical plant administration,
said. "Every employee interested in bumping was
Jerry Boyles, personnel and training officer, said 72
workers were involved in the bumping process. He said
U.S. communications may be open
By JIM McGUIGAN
Daily Collegian Staff Writer
~-'The Soviet Union could cripple
communications in the United States by
detonating only three nuclear warheads
high above the atmosphere over North
America without killing Americans or
.destroying cities and military in
stallations, according to the Defense
The explosions would cause an intense
electromagnetic pulse that would
uJestroy radio and telephone com
munication systems, black out the
nation's power system, and disable
vehicles, according to spokesmen at the
Defense Civil Preparedness Agency of
the Defense Department.
4 :. The Soviets could virtually wipe out
- communications including the
Emergency Broadcast System and civil
defense radio, said William A. Beattie,
communications specialist in the
agency's support systems division.
~, Protection devices are available and
most agency and armed forces' com
munication equipment have the devices.
Only three radio stations in the nation
are protected against electromagnetic
pulse. The • other stations would be
knocked off the air as the pulse is
tollected by the transmitter antenna and
the transmitter and matching network
are burned out, Beattie said.
1 '4 4 1
is big winner
the same in the party's strong areas
' With 65 per cent of the vote counted,
Larsen had 868,344 to Montemuro's
728,546. , .
', To make the victory even sweeter,
Larsen was joined in the winner's circle
by another Democrat and. fellow judge
from'Allegheny County, John Hester.
Hester won a 10-year term on the
state's number two tribunal, Superior
Court, by defeating York County Judge
Robert Shadle. .
Based on 65 percent of the precincts,
Hester had 794,307 and Shadle 668,647.
The results proved two things.
First, Democrats continue to hold
sway in Pennsylvania.
The cost of protecting a commercial
station is approximately $3,500.
The agency has begun a program that
would provide protection for 600 major
radio stations in the country. The
program will require five years to
Although officials at the Pentagon said
information had been sent to radio
stations concerning electromagnetic
pulse and how the station could be
protected; the engineer at radio station
WMAJ in State College said he had never
received any information. WMAJ, which
is the emergency broadcast station for
Centre County, is not protected against
the pulse and the engineer said he wasn't
sure what effect it would have on the
By the end of this fiscal year, the
agency will have protected enough
stations so 75 per cent of the
nation's people will haVe a protected
Emergency Broadcast System station
within their radio reception area,
Most battery-operated receivers, such
as AM-FM radios, would probably
survive an electromagnetic pulse,
Beattie said, if the antenna is no more
than 30 to 40 inches in length.
Citizen's band radios in cars and hand
held walkie-talkies also would be likely
that despite the large number of job changes, em
ployee efficiency will not be affected.
"The bumping does not really affect- production,"
Boyles said. "You can bump into a job in the same
grade level or lower. But you must be qualified for the
job you are bumping into."
Boyles said the people laid-off either elected to take
the layoff or had no choice in the matter.
"The people that ended up out in the street are the
least skilled and have the least seniority," Boyles said.
"They are the people that can be replaced easier then
the skilled people.
"Some employees elected to take the layoff and went
out and found jobs outside the University."
Lee M. Snyder Jr., manager of employee relations,
said only 16 workers were laid off because 17 other
workers were placed in other positions.
"Nine ( of those) workers filled temporary positions
for people on sick leave and eight others were absorbed
into vacant positions," Snyder said.
Snyder also said he wasn't sure how long the laid-off
employees would be out of work.
"We are not sure whether they are definite or in-
Second, more and more western
Pennsylvanians are proving they can
win elections. '
That latter trend became quite evident
last year wheriJohn Heinz of Pittsburgh,
a Republican, beat Democrat , William,
Green of Philadelphia for a U:S. Senate
The Democratic steamroller didn't
stop at the court door.
It pushed through Philadelphia, too,
with Controller William Klenk
withstanding a last-minute allegation of
illegal • campaign financing to win
reelection. And his running mate,
Edward Rendell, a newcomer, was
elected district attorney.
Final returns showed Klenk defeated
to survive. But equipment connected to
house current probably would not.
Television sets, CB bases and other
receivers and transmitters connected to
unprotected antennas and power
systems would be damaged, Beattie
The pulse from the nuclear explosion
also can damage other types of devices;
lights, emergency generators, and
power control equipment should have -
protection, a Defense Civil Prepared
ness Agency report said.
An electromagnetic pulse creates a
charge in electrical conductors such as
power and telephone lines, buried cables
and pipes, electrical house and building
wiring, and railroad tracks..
The pulse can be generated at more
than 1 million volts on overhead power
lines, according to DCPA. The pulse
travels along the wires at a speed
greater than the speed of light, a DCPA
technical manual states.
Power systems can be protected from
the nuclear pulse but the cost is
prohibitive, Beattie said. No systems in
the United States have protection in
stalled, he said.
' Equipment most susceptible to
damage from the electromagnetic pulse
are computers, electronic systems using
transistors or semi-conductor rectifiers,
By MARK LEIDER
and CATHY SLOBODZIAN
Republican candidate Arnold Addison
is the apparent winner over Democrat
Gregory J. Stewart in the State College
mayoral contest as of 3 a.m. today.
With 17 our of 18 precincts reporting,
Addison had 2,550 votes to Stewart's
In the borough council race,
Democrats Ingrid P. Holtzman, a first
term - incumbent,. and Ronald Abler
appear to have captured two of the
In a close contest for the third council
seat, Democrat Dorothy J. Lennig won
with 2,350 votes over Joseph Wakeley Jr.
with 2,243 votes. Republican Franklin
Cook trailed with 2,134.
On the county level, Democrat David
Grine was the clear winner over
Republican Robert D. Mittinger, 13,104
votes to 8,674 votes with 73 out of 80
With six county precincts yet to report,
Democrat Richard Sharp had a 600-vote
lead over Republican Charles Brown Jr.,
but Brown was closing the gap in late
With 74 out of 80 precincts reporting,
Sharp had polled 11,900 to Brown's
Richard Sharp said he declined
comment on the contest until final vote
tallies were known. Brown said he was
"very pessimistic but hopeful. I've
nothing to say until all 80 precincts are
All voter figures are unofficial
He • liar'
Matthew Coppolino, 217,629 to 125,581.
Rendell bested Malcolm Lazin, 223,614 to
Voters also were giving a substantial
nod of approval to two constitutional
One adds several hundred veterans to
a list of, those eligible for property tax
relief and was passing by a'margin of
four to one. The other, which allows the
state to aid flood victims, was an early
three to one favorite.
Voters also were saying yes, by a two
to one margin, to retaining Com
monwealth Court Judges James
Crumlish and James Bowman for new
See related story, page H.
definite," Snyder said. "There is no guarantee.
"We will be calling those people laid off back to work
as soon as possible. The University must first offer
vacant positions to those employees laid off. Those
workers laid off will be able to bid on any vacant
positions. Their seniority is still good."
Boyles said the possibility of future layoffs is un
"We will have to make a judgment as time goes on,"
Boyles said. "We're in reasonably good shape now, but
there is that chance of additional layoffs.
"It depends on the appropriation, when we get it and
how much we get. It also depends on the willingness of
various departments to spend the money for our ser
vices. In reality they may be a little reluctant for a
while," he said.
i Figures ' have not been calculated yet as to the
amount of money the University has saved by these
layoffs, Boyles said.
"We have the initial salary savings of the vacated
positions," Boyles said. "We also have the salary
savings of the 16 people laid off."
alarm systems, life support systems,
transistorized receivers and trans
mitters, power system controls and
Although the pulse from a nuclear
explosion lasts only one microsecond
one-1,000,000th of a second 300 feet of
wire would pick up a power surge
equivilant to 40,000 volts at 1,000 amps
flowing for a microsecond, according to
a DCPA report. If the pulse was con
tinuous, it would generate 40,000,000
.The report says that many types of
solid state components can be destroyed
by one-one thousandth joule EMP. Three
hundred feet of wire would pick up
between .1 and 40 joules from the
nuclear blast, the report states.
A joule is a measure of electric current
equal to one watt-second. •
The effects of the pulse on computers,
such as the University's IBM 370-168,
would be catastrophic, according to a
spokesman for DCPA. The attack could
wipe out all of the computers in the
nation, he said.
The pulse also would be capable of
destroying the electronic control
equipment of nuclear reactors. The
University's reactor would shut down
automatically if the control equipment
W 202 PATTER
wins mayor race
George McMurtry, running on both
tickets, was the top vote getter in the
State College Area School Board
Director's contest with 6,800 votes.
Republican Frederick Hoffman, an
incumbent for 27 years, and Carolyn
Stebbins won the remaining two board
seats with 4,355 and 6,143 votes,
Democratic incumbent Joseph L.
Carroll finished fourth with 4,115 votes.
State College voters overwhelmingly
approved three amendments to the
Borough Home Rule charter.
The first amendment makes the vice
president of the council the presiding
officer of council rather than the mayor.
The second amendment allows the
president of council to form council
committees and the third permits the
municipality to use the same auditor for
an indefinite period of time rather than
just three years, as provided under
State College voter turnout was low
among student precincts, with an
average of .16 per cent of those
registered. County wide, turnout was
about 50 per cent.
"I was not complacent from the very
beginning," Addison said of his victory.
"I think Greg was a great opponent. He
is a real fine gentleman. He really gave
me a challenge. He never attacked me
on a personality basis.!"
Addison did poorly' in the precincts
consisting largely of student voters. He
said he expected that. "Greg is younger
Someone, somewhere in town is going to be shocked today when they open their
favorite restroom stall. This ceramic masterpiece was found on the porch of
Old Main last night,left there for reasons unknown. Could it be the Super
to Soviet attack
was damaged, Samuel Levine, director
of the Breazeale Nuclear Reactor, said.
Levine said other reactors throughout
the country also are equipped with
failsafe devices that would cause a
The pulse would burn out police and
fire radio transmitters. Pennsylvania
has only one dispatching center with
electromagnetic pulse protection
devices, Carl Keuhn, staff assistant for
communications and warning for the
state Council of Civil Defense, said.
A spokesman for Philadelphia's
Department of Public Property, which
maintains the city's fire and police radio
network, 'said he didn't know what
electromagnetic pulse was. If the law or
the FCC does not require protection for
radio equipment, he said, then the city's
radio system doesn't have it.
A staff assistant of U.S. Sen. John J.
Heinz HI said several federal agencies
and the armed forces are conducting
extensive tests of electromagnetic pulse
and its effects. He said research is
hampered by the ban on atmospheric
testing of nuclear warheads.
He also said the threat of EMP is no
greater than the threat from the Soviets'
large number of warheads. The Soviets
would be foolish to attack the United
States with only the electrtomagnetic
4 :: COPIES
than me, and more recently a student
than I was," Addison said.
One of the first things he intends to do
as mayor, he said, is "to meet with
various segments of the community
including student groups."
By becoming mayor, Addison vacates
his seat on the municipal council. His
term does not expire until 1979. The
council will have to vote on. a
replacement. Wallis Lloyd recently was
selected by council to fill a seat vacated
by councilman Dean Phillips.
Addison said he would not be unhappy
if Lloyd was selected to fill the seat he
Abler said it would he fairly possible
that Lloyd will continue on council to fill
Addison's vacant seat.
Abler, the leading vote getter in the
borough council race, said, "It feels
He said that having cross filed as both
a Democrat and a Republican candidate
certainly helped him. "And 'we ran a
pretty good campaign," he said.
Abler said he was disappointed about
the outcome of the mayoral race. "I
think Greg would have made a very fine
mayor. Considering who Greg Stewart is
and how long Addison, has been around,
it has been a horse race."
lloltzman merely said her victory
Grine,said his win came as a surprise.
Ile s a id his first priority upon taking
office will he organization of his staff, as
one assistant district attorney is
Wednesday, Nov. 9, 1977
Vol. 78, No. 77 16 pages University Park, Pa. 16802
Published by Students of The Pennhylvania State University
pulse knowing we would retaliate fully,
Clarence E. Miller, a member of the
House subcommittee of the ap
propriations committee, - said he is very
concerned about the threat of elec
tromagnetic pulse. During 1977 ap
propriation hearings Miller said that
anything that could be done to protect
the radio stations should be considered
high priority and "it should be done right
Expect cloudy weather with some
fog this morning, but it will become
partly sunny and mild this afternoon
with a high of 65. Partly cloudy
weather will continue tonight, low 50.
Tomorrow will be partly sunny in the
morning but it will become mostly
cloudy in the afternoon, with the
high again reaching a balmy 65.
Big names back PSU ...
'Oh, God!' review
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Photo by Ken Kasper