The daily collegian. (University Park, Pa.) 1940-current, July 06, 1977, Image 1

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Look out ,below The giant slide at thetAlpha Fire Co.'s 4th of July carnival brings thrills to little kids and big kids alike
No payday
for police,
Penn DOT
refused to approve the Motor License
Fund budget yesterday, leaving
thousands of Transportation Depart
ment State Police employees with a
payless payday.
The Senate voted 21-25 not to go along
with House changes in the budget, and
sent it back to the House.
Since the new fiscal year began last
Friday, PennDOT and the state police
can't spend money without a new
"The•paychecks will be held up one
day," said Senate Democratic floor
leader Thomas Nolan.
Just before the vote yesterday af
ternoon, Gov. Shapp asked legislative
leaders to remove one House amend
ment before the bill passed.
It would have required PennDOT to
get legislative approval before awarding
any consulting contracts.
"We can't strap the department with
this," Nolan said.
There are times when PennDOT would
U.S government
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rather hire a consulting firm than use its
own staff, he said.
Nolan said House leaders will now try
to remove the amendment. If they fail, a
conference , committee will be called
immediately, he said.
Ironically, PennDOT itself was willing
to accept the change.
"There's no way we can mess up our
budget," said PennDOT lobbyist John
Actually, PennDOT started a similar
policy earlier this year. Consulting
contracts were to be awarded only if it
could be shown the work could not be
done by PennDOT employees.
Last week, PennDOT announced that
unless a 2-cent hike in the gasoline tax is
Approved, the proposed budget wquld
not leave enough to continue new con
struction and future building plans were
At yesterday's meeting with Shapp,
the state budget and taxes were
discussed again.
Legislative leaders told Shapp that
there were not enough votes to pass tax
increases, Nolan said.
Shapp restated his position that he
would not sign a bill increasing school
subsidies by $225 million unless the
legislature dealt with the Philadelphia
school's financial problems.
He said he had a constitutional duty to
see that Philadelphia school children
don't suffer.
Rural and suburban lawmakers seem
unwilling to approve special aid for
Philadelphia schools while many of their
own districts are struggling.
From our wire services
WASHINGTON The government yesterday ordered
six states to begin desegregating their state college
systems and issued guidelines to monitor racial im
balances at college systems in other states.
The Department of Health, Education and Welfare
filed the goals in response to a court order from U.S.
District Judge John Pratt. He ordered the guidelines in
April in response to a suit filed in the District of
Columbia by civil rights groups.
The groups charged that HEW failed to enforce part
of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which bars racial
discrimination by institutions receiving federal money.
The new desegregation plan affects Florida, Georgia,
North Carolina, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Virginia.
A spokeswoman for HEW Secretary Joseph A.
Califano Jr. said the guidelines will require the states to
complete various steps toward desegregation within
five years, but complete desegregation would take
Ina separate statement, Califano blamed the failure
of HEW to press for desegregation on the Nixon ad
ministration and said he hoped similar lawsuits would
not be needed in the future.
."Given the previous administration's record on civil
rights, I can understand why such suits have been
brought," he said.
In 1972, Judge Pratt initially found that HEW failed to
order adequate desegregation in 10 states that had
legally mandated segregated higher education. The
other four states Louisiana, •Mississippi, Maryland
olle • iargi
de ' 4 ' • • :4 •
. 4
Leader sends personal letter to President Carter
Brezhnev says arms agreement, then summit
President Leonid Brezhnev would prefer
to hold a summit meeting with President
Carter after an arms limitation
agreement is reached, rather than a get
acquainted session now, it was learned
13rezhnev's position, conveyed in a
personal letter to Carter, apparently
rules out an early summit.
Brezhnev believes a 'meeting with
Carter whenever held should be to
ratify a substantive agreement, such as
a strategic arms limitation pact.
White House aides previously had
speculated that a summit meeting could
be held as early as August in Alaska.
That apparently now is out. _
Brezhnev has made it clear he prefers
the diplomacy of the past in which
subordinates, such as Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance and Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko, worked out
the details of an agreement that the
President and Soviet leader would sign.
Carter told a news conference
Thursday he would welcome a get
acquainted session with Brezhnev with
no prior conditions. Carter has said
repeatedly he would welcome a meeting
with Brezhnev this year.
Brezhnev gave the letter to U.S.
Ambassador Malcolm Toon in Moscow
earlier yesterday in response to a letter
orders state college desegregation
and Pennsylvania are involved in civil rights
lawsuits on the problem elsewhere and were not in
cluded in Pratt's latest order.
Califano emphasized that the new goals and
timetables were guidelines, not quotas.
"The department is opposed to the use of arbitrary
quotas in civil rights enforcement," Califano said.
"Failure to achieve a goal set forth in the criteria will
not be sufficient evidence, standing alone, to establish a
violation . . .
"The goals do, however, set out specific benchmarks
which will help us measure progress toward elimination
of unconstitutional de jure ( set by law) racial
The requirements apply to state-supported
educational systems, not private schools, HEW said.
Major goals listed in the new guidelines include the
First, at the end of five years, there should be an
increase in the total number of blacks attending all
public colleges, both predominantly black as well as
white institutions.
This goal requires that efforts be made to insure that
equal percentages of black and white high school
graduates enter college.
Second, there should be increased black
enrollment at four-year white colleges at the end of five
years, with each institution showing an annual increase
in blacks.
Under this goal the disparity between the relative low
percentage of blacks enrolling and the higher white
4 ,f,,,,,..41;47;re.,41,01.44,
from Carter two or three weeks ago.
Under the current SALT agreement,
the United States and the Soviet Union
agreed to limit missiles and warheads
and ban antiballistic missile systems.
That agreement lapses in early October.
At the last meeting between Vance and
Gromyko in Geneva, the United States
said a basic framework for a new
agreement had been reached but major
problems remained.
Congress to vote on gas plan
Carter is going to ask Congress to ap
prove a comprehensive gasoline
rationing plan that he could invoke in
any energy emergency, administration
sources said yesterday.
These sources said Carter envisions a
consumption cutback of at least 25 per
cent should rationing be imposed
because of a development such as the
1973 Arab oil embargo.
Under present law, the President has
limited standby rationing authority. The
sources said Carter wants Congress to
remove restraints now in the law so he
could declare an emergency and impose
rationing without delay.
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uling General
assures Pakistan
of 'fair elections'
Gen. Mohammad Zia Ul-Hag yesterday
pledged "free and fair elections" by
October and formed a Military Council
to rule Pakistan in the interim following
a lightning coup which overthrew
Premier Zulfikar AR Bhutto.
Haq imposed martial law, arrested
Bhutto and opposition political leaders
and banned all political activity. He
named himself martial law ad
ministrator but said he had no personal
ambitions. He said the coup was staged
to "fill the gap created by politicians."
The four-star general said a four
member Military Council with himself
as chairman has been formed to run the
country. Other members of the council
are the commanders of the army, air
force and navy.
"I shall perform the duties of chief of
army staff and chief martial law ad
ministrator," Haq said.
"My chief mission is to hold free and
fair general elections which would be
held in October this year," Haq, the 53-
year-old U.S.-trained Army Chief of
Staff, said.
"After the completion of elections, I
shall hand over the government to the
elected representatives of the people,"
Haq said. "In the next three weeks, my
entire attention will be focused on
In Washington,. State Department
spokesman John Trattner said, "We
have no comment to make since the
events are an internal development."
However, he expressed the hope "our
relationship with Pakistan would con
tinue to be cordial. I can confirm that
our embassy has reported largely what
we had already seen in the press. The
country is calm and we have no in
dications of any disturbances that would
affect Americans there."
Hag said in a 20-minute broadcast to
the nation on television and radio he
would announce a timetable for the new
elections "shortly."
Carter has said Vance and Gromyko
will meet twice more before mid-
September to try to narrow the dif
ferences. Carter also has said he is
under no compulsion to meet the October
deadline for a new SALT accord.
The official Tass news agency said
Brezhnev handed Toon the letter for
Carter in reply to one Carter wrote to
Brezhnev. It is the first disclosure
Carter had written privately to the
The sources said examples of
developments that might prompt
rationing were a new embargo or war in
the Middle East or elsewhere that could
disrupt tanker shipments to this country.
Carter conferred on the subject
yesterday with his energy advisor, ,
James R. Schlesinger. It was not known
how soon his proposal would be ready for
consideration by Congress.
Although some states imposed
gasoline rationing plans to deal with the
shortages caused by the 1973 Arab
embargo, no federal plan was imposed.
During the embargo, William Simon,
then the top federal energy official,
developed a rough plan that cited
percentage should be cut in half on a statewide basis
within five years.
An example HEW gave was that if 20 per cent of white
high school graduates compared with 10 per cent of
blacks go to white four-year colleges, then within five
years the figure for blacks should rise to 15 per cent.
Third, states should take action to reduce the
racial disparity in college graduation rates. HEW said
black dropout rates are 8 per cent to 10 per cent higher
than those of whites and states should take measure,
such as compensatory education and financial aid, to
reduce the disparity.
Fourth, there should be an increase in the number
of white students attending black colleges. HEW said
goals and timetables for this would be delayed for two
years until the segregation of white colleges under the
new plan can be assessed.
This move is in line with the court's order that
desegregation of white institutions should not threaten
the existence of predominantly black schools.
Fifth, the same proportion of in-state black and
white public college graduates should go to graduate
and professional schools.
Sixth, the criteria say that equal state resources
should be allocated to equivalent institutions, regard
less of whether enrollment is predominantly white or
Seventh, the criteria set specific goals for in
creasing the numbers of blacks on faculty and ad
ministrative staffs.
Ten cents per copy
Wednesday, July 6, 1977
Vol. 78, No. 12 12 pages University Park, PA 16802
Published by Students of The Pennsylvania State University
"I want to make it abundantly clear
that I have no military ambitions," Haq
said. "I have come to fill this gap
created by politicians.
"Martial law has been imposed on the
entire country. The national and
provincial assemblies have been
dissolved. The provincial governors and
ministers have been removed," Haq
"The chief justices of the states have
agreed to function as governors of thier
respective states," Haq said.
The general said the military Council
would not curtail the powers of the
judiciary in Pakistan but added:
"To deal with some matters in certain
situations, the issuance of martial law
orders and regulations will be
necessary. These orders and regulations
will not be challenged in any court."
"Although the constitution has not been
abrogated, some articles of the con
stitution have been kept in abeyance,"
Haq said. "President Fazal Elahi
Chaudhry has agreed to continue and
will tender his valuable advice to us."
Haq said Bhutto and several other
political leaders "have been taken into
protective custody," but did not disclose
their whereabouts.
The coup was precipitated by the
political impasse between Bhutto and
the opposition Pakistan National
Alliance over the holding of new elec
tions. The Alliance accused Bhutto of
`!massive rigging" of the March 7
national elections in which Bhutto won a
landslide majority in parliament.
Antigovernment riots, spawned by the
election results, swept the nation and
more than 350 persons were killed in
clashes with police. Negotiations betwen
Bhutto and opposition leaders produced
agreement to hold new elections but the
talks broke down again Monday on
fixing a firm date.
"The army was compelled to in
tervene," Haq said, because of the
" , impossible political situation."
Soviet leader. The contents were not
Brezhnev received Toon less than 24
hours after Moscow television canceled
Toon's July 4th message to the Soviet
people because it referred to human
In Washington, Carter's spokesman
Jody Powell confirmed that the Soviet
leader's letter has been received at the
White House.
defense emergency laws as giving the
President authority to impose strict
At Simon's urging, the government
spent about $lO million to print a three
month supply of gasoline ration coupons
but never used them.
The pool's the place to be the next
couple of days. Partly cloudy, warm and
humid today through tomorrow with a
chance of late afternoon and night time
thundershowers both days. High today
88, low tonight 70, and the high tomorrow