Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1968
pen Housing for Chicrqgo Negroes
CHICAGO 'VP) = Defying thrown rocks
and bottles - and curses from white crowds, the
late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. led marches
demanding equal housing opportunities for Ne
groes in Chicago in 1966.
The month of vigorously resisted marches
into all-white neighborhoods ended in an an
nouncement of success on Aug. 16, 1966, with
the signing of a 10-point open housing agree
Dr. King called the agreement "the most
significant program ever conceived to make
open housing a reality in a metropolitan area."
-In spring 1968, however, little of King's
optimism over the agreement with Chicago's
power structure is found in Chicago's Negro
"I don't know what the agreement is
worth," said the Rev. Jesse Jackson. of the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference. "Ne
groes didn't have free access to housing in the
city in 1966—they still don't in 1968."
In the two years since the King pact, 100
Negro families have moved into white neigh
borhoods in Chicago and 150 into predominantly
whiti suburbs. The city has approximately one
million Negro residents.
Augustus Gus Savage, newspaper pub
lisher and candidate for Congress from the 3rd
Congressional District on Chicago's South Side,
said, "Nothing has changed. There still is a ra
cial line running through the 3rd District as
'America Must Awaken,' Says
Rockefeller in Philadelphia
(Continued from page one)
audience's slightest reaction.
Rockefeller said America
must awaken to the revolu
tion now facing her. He said
that through "vision and
faith," the "revolution" can
be turned into an "age of
progress." A time of political
crisis, he said, can be trans
formed into a "time of poli
tical creation." More than any
other problem, he stated "that
a Vietnam settlement must
be achieved in the wide con
text of world relations."
The Governor claims "we
are approaching the 1970's
with the ideas and devices of
the 1940's and the 1950'5." For
this reason, he called for the
review and reassessment of
past and present policies, ex
emplified by the Vietnam
conflict, and the need to build
on "these lessons of the past
for the peace of the future."
From military control in
Europe after World War II
to Communist containment in
Asia to the division in indus
trially underdeveloped coun
tries, Rockefeller asserted
that America has reacted
with "reflexes and responses
of years long past." The gap
between the rich and poor
has not been bridged by fed
Rockefeller Wins Upset
BOSTON (IP) Gov. Nelson A. Rocke- Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy of Minnesota,
feller of New York won a surprise victory the only candidate on the Democratic ballot,
on the Republican ballot in the Massachu- received slightly more than 50 per cent of
setts primary on write-in support that de- his party's vote. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy,
veloped with the announcement of his presi- D-N.Y., ran second, outdistancing Vice Presi
dential candidacy, dent Hubert H. Humphrey by a 3-2 margin
Gov. John A. Volpe, running unopposed in write-ins.
as a favorite son, had been expected to win, Former Vice President Richard M. Nixon
but the tabulation of returns showed yester- was third in the Republican column, about
day that Rockefeller won by about 1,000 5,000 votes behind Rockefeller, and McCar
'Votes on the same day that he entered the thy was fourth, gaining write-in votes on
race, almost 10 per cent of the GOP ballots.
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eral aid. Nor has the shift
from Europe to Asia in the
world political conflict been
distinguished, he added.
"For during the 1940'5, it
was the task of America• to
defend free political struc
tures," he said, "but in the
1960'5, it is the burden of
America to help to create
such political structures."
These factors and those
Americans that have "been
slow to perceive about the
history of our times" bear di
rectly and critically on the
ordeal of Vietnam," he told
the ballroom spectators.
The Vietnam war has tak
en the lives of more than
"20,000 brave young Ameri
cans," he reported. But it has
reached into the lives of
"many millions more"
through an arbitrary and out
moded draft system" and
through the strain on the na
tional economy. The debates
and dissent resulting from the
conflict often have threat
ened, "in, their own way, to
become as furious and as frus
trating as the war itself," he
For this reason he ac
claimed President Johnson's
decision last month in seek
ing peace. His comment that
sharp as a knife."
A South Side woman, who said she walked
in King's marches, had only scorn for the agree
"It's a lie—a myth," she said. "They did
that to break the back of the marches. Nothing
has changed. We still live on a reservation—a
plantation—and there ain't no way to get off."
In the agreement!
City, county and federal agencies were
committed to make greater efforts to promote
Mortgage bankers affirmed the policy of
making mortgage money available to all eli
gible persons regardless of race, and the Chi
cago Real Estate Board withdrew its opposition
to a statewide fair housing law.
To Educate Members
The final point called fora new organiza
tion responsible - for directing the open housing
program outlined in the agreement.
Edward L. Holmgren, executive director of
that organization—the Leadership Council for
Metropolitan Open Communities—says that
while efforts were made to implement the
agreement, its goals have not been realized.
"The council was to be concerned with the
sole issue of creating, more than a climate of
open housing, the reality of a single market
system," Holrngren said. "We are far from this
goal and all the goals in the agreement."
The federal open housing law passed re
cently contains two key differences from Chi-
Johnson "deserves the pray
erful support of all of us"
His criticism of the draft
also evoked applause from
the audience. Stating that he
would outline his policies on
the -draft today in a speech
in lowa, Rockefeller did say
that deferments in "desig
nated areas" were needed.
But, he added, too many peo
ple are delaying unneces
sarily in their plans because
of draft uncertainty. This, he
said, must be remedied.
From past military and po
litical failures with establish
ment of a national :ovem-
ment in Vietnam, Rockefel
ler concluded that "there can
be no purely military solu
tion" to the war.
Through re-establishing an
atmosphere of "mutual trust"
not only in this country but
in the world, the demands of
this critical time would be
answered, Rockefeller said.
Offering the world a "cause
and challenge more clearly
positive than a mere call to
anti-Communism," and fac
ing Europe and underprivi
leged nations' problems and
needs can only help to_ bring
about the awakening America
THE DAILY COLLEGIAN, UNIVERSITY PARK, PENNSYLVANIA
cago's code: It, applies tmowners of-some indi
vidual dwellings Chicago's law applies to brok
ers only and it applies outside 'Chicago's city
But the King pact experience is making
some community leaders skeptical about the
federal law's bringing any major changes in
the near future.
Said Holmgren, "The federal housing law
will have no immediate impact on producing an
.increase in open housing in the Chicago mar
ket because it is phased in application. Not un
til 1970 will it have total effect. In its initial ap
plication it is less effective than Chicago's code.
Assessments of the King pact's effective
James E. Burns, director of Chicago's Com
mission on Human Relations, which enforces
the city's fair housing code, said, "The city was
pushing for fair housing even before the agree
ment." He said the city has started a crash pro
gram to check on compliance.
Commission inspections and undercover
checks have indicated little discrimination by
brokers "on initial contact," Burns said. He
and his staff, however, question the effective
ness of these checks.
Few Units Started
Ross Beatty, president of the Chicago Real
Estate Board, said its members ."haite never
Daily Collegian 'Hot Line'
To Air . Student Complaints
"Hot Line," a new feature of The Daily Collegian,
will begin next week.
The "Hot Line" is intended as a public service fea
ture which will allow the dissatisfied to air complaints
and attempt to answer them. Students and faculty are
invited to participate in the "Hot Line." Grievances
about classes, dormitory or downtown living, or any
thing for which an answer is sought, may be phoned
into the "Hot Line."
Want to know why you've had goulash three days
in a row in the dining hall? Call Collegian "Hot Line."
Maybe there is a good reason for the plethora of noodles.
If not. an unsatisfactory answer for all to see might be
the best way to end the indigestion.
"Hot Line" calls will be received every Monday and
Wednesday evening from 8 to 11 beginning next week.
The special Collegian ""Hot Line" number is 865-2881.
The answers to Monday night's calls will be printed in
the Collegian on Wednesday. and Wednesday's calls will
• • •
deiCatecl,' from the commitment not to oppose
a statewide fair 'Amusing law, provided it ap
pliesz to owners as.'well as brokers.
The Chicago' Housing Authority has had
little chance to comply with its commitment to
reduce the size of future public housing units
and to locate them out of Negro areas. Few
units have been started since the agreement.
Eighty-seven per cent of CHA tenants are
nonwhites and almost all the family units stand
in predolninately Negro areas.
A new CHA program which places public
housing tenants in units leased from private
owners has moved slowly, Holmgren said, be
cause landlords are reluctant to accept these
The Cook County Chicago Department of
Public Aid has had "minimal success," director
William H. Robinson said, on its commitment to
find housing outside blighted areas for its aid
recipients-83 per cent of whom are nonwhite.
Not Enough Housing ,
"We're paying $7 million a month in rent
for the worst housing in the city," Robinson
Part of the reason, he said, is that "we
don't have an open occupancy law that works."
But he indicated another problem.
"In Chicago, all our well-laid plans have
been hampered by the" fact that there just is not
enough housing to go around," he said.
The city's Department of Urban Renewal,
for easy listening—tune to WDFM-FM at 9 I.l—Fine Music
kids don't make
neither do we.
These are big-,city school children. They are partners
of all who try to build and keep our cities alive with hope
and promise of personal dignity. If we fail these pa'rtners,
: they will fail, as finally will we all.
To. the Bell "System, they also are customers and,
Prospectively, many are fellow employees., Those we hire
will bring with them attitudes and skills produced by city
life and city schools. Their' qualities will help shape the
quality of our service. And service is our product.
Bell System companies and people are increasingly
engaged to help meet the problems of the cities, especially
_those concerning education and employability.' In these
, areas our skills- and'other business resources may have
extra Value. -We .shall - try to keep our deeds outrunning
L MONT and the KINGS
9 - 12 p.m.
Sponsored by Pollock•Nittany Residence Council
committed to find housing without racial con
sideration for families displaced by renewal
projects, also cited the shortage of housing as
a problem. ,
In addition, Mrs. Ozwelda Badal, director
of relocation services, said most Negroes are
reluctant to move into unfamiliar areas and
tend to relocate close to their previous homes.
The commitment by the mortgage bankers
is one point of the agreement which has been
substantially fulfilled, Holmgren said. Fundi
generally are available to eligible Negro home
buyers, even if they are seeking homes in pre
dominantly white areas, he said.
Success is more difficult to measure on the
commitment to educate the public on the open
housing issue although many persons consider
this the crucial point.
Dennis Travis. a Negro real estate broker
and mortgage banker, said that while there had
been openings in some areas. 'the whites are
running as fast as ever. There is a need for
education on both sides."
Perhaps the best indication of success in
this field, officials said, are the open housing
codes passed in 14 suburban communities since
These ordinances, many of them stronger
than Chicago's 1963 code, are particularly im
portant, Holmgceti said, because of the lack of a
state law on fair housing.
at the HUB