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Mostly, sunny, an d continued
warm today. High near' 78.. Mild
tonight; low near 53. Partly
sunny and a little cooler , tomor.;
row; high 65. Except for a slight
chance of a few showers or
thundershowers late tonight, no
rain is expected through Sunday.
VOL. 68, No. 92
SG Boycotts Downtown Bookstore
Student reaction to the boycott of the Student Book
Store yesterday appeared to be favorable, according to
Undergraduate Student Government officials promoting
USG members in front of the store trying'to persuade
students from entering estimated early in the day that
the attempt was at least "60 per cent effective."
By actual count, during the first hour 'of the boycott,
23 'students either definitely agreed not to buy or sell books
there, or they' turned 'away at the door and went uptown
to purchase books, During the same time period, 16 stu
dents entered the store, some without reading the infor
mation on the boycott being distributed by USG.
One student said, "I want to go in here and, buy some
books, not talk about it."
Another stopped to tell a USG member that he had
imported books from England last term and that, even
with the import taxes, the books had cost less than if he
had bought them in State College.
• Several, students asked where they were supposed to
buy and sell books if not at the Student Book Store. They
were advised to go to any of the other downtown stores.
Several students said that they received the best prices
at the SBS, plus the best service.
"I'm surprised at your choice," said one man. "I think
it's - by far the best store. On new book prices they're all
about the same, but the service is better."
Two boys at different times during the day approached'
the store 'carrying stacks of books to sell. One, carrying
19 textbooks, agreed to sell them elsewhere instead of
the Student Book Store if someone would help him carry
them uptown. A USG member promptly took half the
stack and escorted the student up College Avenue.
McCarthy, Kennedy Go, Go
SUPERIOR, Wis. (AP)—Sen. Eugene J. McCar- he would enter his name in their state primaries.
thy said yesterday that the South Vietnamese goy- McCarthy had announced earlier \ that he in
ernment had collapsed, and urged that President tended to go into Indiana and was considering the
Johnson and Gen. Creighton W. Abrams consider urging of supporters, that he enter the primary
ways to rebuild it. contest in Florida.
Johnson has been conferring with Abrams, - All told, this makes nine primaries that the
who may be picked as Gen. William Westmore- senator has entered—including the one in New
land's successor as commander of American forces Hampshire and the upcoming confrontation with
in Vietnam. Johnson in Wigconsin.
The Minnesota Democrat, campaigning in Wis- McCarthy said he would be able to carry on
consin for his contest with the President in the only a limited campaign in the Hoosier state be
state's primary Tuesday, told an' audience at Super- cause of .the press of time.
for State University that it "is really too kind" to / ' But once- again he expresied confidence that
describe the South Vietnamese government as cox/ he had an even chance against Johnson and Sen.
rupt and a dictatorship. Robert F. Kennedy in the California balloting,
• 'We Mean...' which McCarthy sees as the showdown state,
To say that a government is a dictatorship or * * *
corrupt indicates that "we mean there is a govern
ment," McCarthy said.
And, McCarthy argued, the heart of the diffi
culty in South Vietnam is the failure to build a
viable government in Saigon.
He said even U. S. government officials admit
that there is fraud, swindling and embezzlement of
U. S. aid.
The Minnesota Democrat announced that he
had told his supporters in Indiana and Florida that
MEMBER OF Students for McCarthy, center, deliberates yesterday afternoon with
interested students at the newly formed McCarthy group's College Ave. booth.
Vietnam Enemy Deaths Reach 320,000
WASHINGTON Enemy losses in Vietnam are re
ported by the Defense Department to have reached
320,129 killed through March 16.
The death toll has mounted steadily as the war grew
Since Gen. William C. Westmoreland took command
in August 1964, the allies have reported killing 253,000
North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. This is almost twice as
many men as the enemy was said to have had in South
Vietnam when Westmoreland took over.
Most enemy deaths-143,628, were inflicted during the
past two years when both sides were pouring more men
into South Vietnam.
On the American side, the war has brought death to
20,096 U.S. servicemen from Jan. 1, 1961 through last
March 16. An additional 3,555 have died in the war zone
from causes not directly connected with enemy action.
* * *
State Funeral Planned for Gagarin
MOSCOW The Soviet Union yesterday ordered a
state funeral for Yuri A. Gagarin, who became the first
man to orbit the earth but perished in a plane crash.
,His ashes, and those of Co]. Vladimir Seryogin who
died with him Wednesday, will be placed in niches in the
Kremlin wall, the most honored Soviet resting place. They
will be placed close to the ashes of Col. Vladimir M.
Komarov, who was killed last April 24 in the first orbital
accident of a spacecraft.
A high-level funeral commission named by the Soviet
Cormunist party and government announced that urns
with the ashes of Gagarin and Seryogin would be on
display for 12 hours today at the Central House of the
s o viet army.
41. P. ST4 /4,
i „ :i
..,..-.-1,,,,-.. L4 , 410 ..• : ,,.,
—By Kitty Philbin
News from the World, Nation
USG OFFICIALS PASS OUT literature yesterday while explaining boycott of the Stu•
dent Book Store, on College Ave. At left is Hary Reeder, president of the sophomore
class; second from right is Kathy Rittner, secretary of the sophomore class. The boy-
coit will continue today and tomorrow.
Along the Campaign Trail
DENVER, Colo. (AP)—A thunderous western
welcome and some quick medical treatment for his
dying voice greeted Sen. Robert F. Kennedy yes
terday as he pushed his nonstop campaign for the
Democratic presidential nomination.
Kids were let out of school to line the streets as
the tousled-haired candidate rolled by in an open
car flanked by police motorcycles with sirens
They forced it to a stop four times along the
from‘the associated press- •
Informants said the funeral would take place tomor
Condolences poured in from around the world, includ
ing messages from Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey,
the U.S. National Areonautics and Space Administration
and former astronauts John H. Glenn Jr. and M. Scott Car
SAIGON A supersonic FIIIA, newest warplane in
the U.S. arsenal, is "overdue on a mission in Southeast
Asia," the U.S. Co—nand reported yesterday. Sources in
Washington said it vanished Wednesday en route from
Thailand to bomb North Vietnam .
The possibility that this multimillion-dollar plane,
with all its secret equipment, may have been downed
in North Vietnam overshadowed for the moment the fight
ing in South Vietnam.
The command disclosed only Tuesday that the swing
wing, 1,500-mile-an-hour plane had made a successful
debut in the air war over North Vietnam, hitting bivouac
and storage areas in the southern panhandle.
A spokesman for the command declared no details
would be made available on the missing plane for security
reasons. He declined to speculate on whether the plane
was lost in combat, hit by North Vietnamese ground fire
or had mechanical trouble,
4,000 National Guards Called to Memphis
MEMPHIS, Tenn. Some 4,000 riot-trained National
Guardsmen moved into Memphis yesterday to put down
looting and rioting which erupted earlier in the day during
a Negro protest march led by Martin Luther King. Police
said one Negro was shot to death.
Air Force Plane Vanishes on Mission
UNIVERSITY PARK, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, 1968
eight-mile route and what has become a familiar
ritual of the Kennedy campaign took place.
They swarmed about the convertible as he
clambered up on the back, two aides clutching at
him to keep him 'from tumbling off. And Kennedy
leaned out, grinning, to touch as many hands as
he could. The youngsters squealed and jumped.
At one point in the downtown business district
he seized a bull horn and appealed for help in his
political challenge to President Johnson.
But the voice was not -the familiar Kennedy
sound. It is sorely strained after nearly two weeks
of heavy campaigning and has faded to a whisper.
On the plane from Salt Lake City, he communicat
ed by scribbling notes like "I haven't - eaten yet"..-
and talked but little.
But in another marvel of this jet age campaign
his personal physician from New York was waiting
at Stapleton International Airport to meet and
James Gould, an ear-nose-throat specialist, had
been on a skiing vacation. 115 miles away at Aspen
and flew to Denver when summoned by the sen
In a private room at the airport, Gould sprayed
Continued on page Eighteen
McCarthy Wins Favor Here
By BILL STREIN
Collegian Staff Writer
On college campuses throughout
the country, pro-McCarthy feelings are
soaring higher than e er with few
defections to the Kennedy camp.
Thousands of student volunteers have
converged on Wisconsin to help can
vass for next week's primary.
With Pennsylvania's April 23 pri
mary less than a month away, a strong
McCarthy movement is underway at
Although Students for McCarthy,
which has established headquarters at
103 East Beaver Ave., is only 10 days
old, the group has already launched
a large scale project to win the nomi
nation for Sen. McCarthy.
Booths on Mall
The McCarthy supporters have set
up booths at the foot of the mall, in
front of Keeler's and in front 'of Rec
reation Hall to distribute campaign
literature, McCarthy buttons and enlist
volunteers to work on various projects.
Jet Age Campaign
In just four hours yesterday, students
collected the names of more than 100
volunteers to work for the senator.
Led by Alfred Dißernardo (gradu
ate-political ,science-State College), and
four students who form a co-ordinating
committee, the group plans to canvass
all of the Democratic voters in the
following counties: Blair, Lycoming,
Mifflin, Snyder, Union, Centre, Clear
field, Clinton, Cameron, Elk, Forest,
McKean, Venango and Warren.
This includes about 8,000 registered
voters in the 14-county area.
In addition, Students for McCarthy
was selected yesterday as the co
ordinating organization for the 32-
county area of central Pennsylvania,
making State College one of the focal
points of McCarthy's campaign in
The McCarthy supporters hope to
inform the voters about McCarthy's
campaign by distributing literature
and talking to the voters in the sur
Gov. Buford Ellington, who had alerted the West Ten-
nessee guardsmen earlier, ordered them into Memphis—
, and said 8,000 more guardsmen were put on alert at their
home armories. This includes the entire Tennessee Na
"The situation in Memphis has worsened," the governor
announced from his office in Nashville, "There are groups
of rioters scattered throughout the areas."
The governor also sent 250 state troopers with riot
training into the city. All city buses stopped running.
Meanwhile, the Tennessee Legislature rushed to the
governor an emergency measure giving the Memphis mayor
broad powers to declare a state of emergency to deal with
Senate Rejects New Navy Warplane
WASHINGTON The Senate Armed Services Com
mittee shot down the overweight, expensive FIIIB war=
plane yesterday and told the Navy to say what it needs
to come up with a replacement.
The panel apparently killed the FIIIB project—at
least for the moment—by knocking out of the defense
budget a Pentagon request for $460 million in research
and production funds for the Navy fighter.
The committee voted 11 to 2 to exclude the entire
FIIIB project from the defense budget.
At the same time it was disclosed that an Air Force
version of the controversial plane—an offshot of the old
TFX aircraft—was missing on a mission over Southehst
Asia. Its fate was not immediately determined.
The Senate committee's rejection of the swing-wing
FIIIB came shortly after the Pentagon laid out a com
promise plan which would have cut back planned produc
tion of the fighter from 30 to only eight.
Attempt To Continue Today
On Downtown Merchant
By KITTY PHILBIN
Collegian USG Reporter
Approximately 15 members of the stu
dent government engineered a 12-hour boy
cott yesterday , of • the Student • Book Store,
330 East College• Ave.
The boycott is scheduled to continue to
day and tomorrow, during the business hours
of the store.
The boycott began at 9:00 yesterday
when Undergraduate Student Government
President Jeff Long and Administrative Ac
tion Commissioner Steve Gerson erected
signs on both sides of College Ave. The signs
asked students not to buy new books or sell
used ones at the Student Book Store.
' Gerson then presented Gerry Gruhn,
manager of the Student Book Store, with a
letter stating the purposes of the boycott.
50 • 75 Per Cent
The letter asked that students be given
50 per cent of the original list price when
selling used books, if the books are being
used on campus. The letter also asked that
used books be sold at 75 per cent of the list
The letter concluded with the statement
that upon receiving-a notarized letter from
Gruhn stating that these price requests be
granted, the boycott would be ended.
Gerson said that USG is asking the Stu
dent Book Store to comply with the policy
of the National Association of College Stores,
of which it and the other downtown mer
chants are members. He said that "the vast
majority of other college stores in he coun
try" who belong to the NACS follow these
Long said that "If we can prevent 10
per cent of their (the book store's) business,
we can show the Administration we're ser-
"I hope the students will continue to
support USG for at least another few days,"
Gerson said. "We're very pleased with the
way things are going. The majority of stu
dents are supporting us and buying their
books at other stores."
Gerson said that the Student Book Store
was selected as the target of the boycott be
cause the store deals with the largest per
centage of used books of any downtown
He also said that the store "would more
readily yield to this reasonable request than
other bookstores, because 'of certain financial
Gerson said that USG is "relatively con
fident" that if the Student Book Store lowers
its prices, the others will follow in order to
meet the competition.
The decision was the result of hours of
discussion by USG, Gerson said.
The current bookstore situation is a
carry-over from USG's efforts last term. Dis
cussion of the book-buying and selling prac
tices in State College began with the release
of a USG report at the beginning of last
term. The report charged that books are not
always available to students when they need
them at the beginning of the terms, and sug-
* * *
Since delegates to the Pennsyl
vania Democratic convention are not
required to vote in accord with the
results of the primary, the goal of Stu
dents for McCarthy is to "put pres
sure on" the delegates to support the
Although Students for McCarthy
is connected with the national Mc-
Carthy campaign, it is entirely a vol
unteer organization receiving no sup
port from any outside group.
Nickel, Dime Campaign
"It's a nickel and dime cam
paign," Dißernardo said, "We need
about a thousand students to type and
The McCarthy headquarters are
open from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. to accept
any one who wishes to volunteer.
The McCarthy supporters have in
vited several people, including Sen.
McCarthy, to speak. at the University
after the Wisconsin primary. Di-
Bernardo considers the chance of a
personal appearance by McCarthy
HARRISBURG Gov. Shafer conceded yesterday that
the $6,000 minimum teacher salary to which his adminis
tration is committed would undoubtedly have to he paid
for by an income tax.
AI the same time, Shafer stamped his approval on a
toned-down teacher salary bill in position for a final vote
when the Senate reconvenes , Monday.
"I commit myself to the language of the Senate ver
sion," Shafer said at his second news conference in a week.
"It would increase the minimum starting salary to
$6,000 when the necessary revenue was made available by
the General Assembly," he continued.
"I would say the principal tax vehicle for this would
have to be an income tax."
The drive for higher teacher salaries and its relation
to enactment of an income tax were the chief topics of
discussion with newsmen.
USS New Jersey Ready To Sail for Vietnam
PHILADELPHIA The battleship USS New Jersey,
a broom flying from her yardarm came back to port
yesterday a step closer to duty in the Vietnam war.
The broom, raised like a flag, meant all went well—
"a clean sweep" of her trials, said Capt. J. Edward Snyder.
A yardarm is the arm extending from the ship's super
structure from which flags are flown.
"It's absolutely fantastic," Snyder said of the ship's
performance. "It handled like a baby."
He said the three-day sea trials were completely suc
"It was a clean sweep," the skipper said. "We com
pleted all our requirements and came back in on schedule."
A New Term?
gested the establishment of a University
There was no reaction to this report and
suggestion from the Administration, while
downtown merchants called the proposal
A small flood of Petitions from both
students and faculty emerged near the end of
the term. A campaign sponsored by a new
student group, Awareness through Investi
gation and Discussion (AID), resulted in a
petition containing over 9,000 names support
ing a University-operated store.
A faculty petition began circulating in
the eighth week, organized by Ronald R.
Maxwell, assistant professor of English. The
petition as assembled to that point was pre
sented to the University Senate at its final
meeting March 4. At that meeting it was
decided to establish a committee to further
investigate the problem, and report its find
ings to the satisfaction of a number of fac
ulty members, and representatives from the,
offices of the vice president for resident in
struction and the vice president for business.'
REEDER, right, discusses the boycott wit
Why are college students attracted
to McCarthy!s campaign? "Because
he is a peace candidate," says Ahmed
Sheikh, assistant professor of political
science. "Students are critical of the
Vietnam war, where we are system
atically destroying a race of people.
"McCarthy is a one issue candi
date only in the sense that Vietnam is
the most important issue today," ex
Dißernardo added that "This is
the one chance in this generation when
students can do something positive."
Dißernardo also said that Mc.
Carthy is definitely not a 'stalking
horse' for Robert Kennedy. He said
that there is "a traditional conflict
between Kennedy and McCarthy that
goes back to McCarthy's nomination
speech for Stevenson in 1960.
If Kennedy wins the nomination, i
however, Students for McCarthy will I
actively support him, Dißernardo said,
and added, "We have a lot of Kennedy
people in our camp."
Shafer May Call for Income Tax
* * *
---See Page 2