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.FEBRUARY' 23, 195*
NATO .. gives. Ike
LISBON, Portugal, Feb. 22—(?P)—The Atlantic , Allies agreed unanimously today to
give Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower a one-uniform European army including German
troops to bolster Western defenses.
In , a triumphant mood, U.S. Secretary of State Dean
ference -the historic decisions open "a new day in Europe
NEW YORK, Feb. 22 (UP)
Commentator Tex McCrary, who
engaged Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-
Ohio) in one-of television's-sharp
est v e r b al flareups, challenged
the senator tonight to a new air.
Taft, in Barre. Vt., on a speak
ing tour, declined comment.
McCrary insisted that there be
no studio audience another time.
He said the audience last night
was packed with an "organized
clique or Taft -teen-agers." ,
Sparks flew during the pro
gram when Taft, candidate for
the GOP presidential nomination,
accused McCrary of calling him
a liar. .
Punctured by Cheers and Boos
McCrary denied it and said he
only had commented that Taft
was "careless with the truth" in
his book, "A Foreign Policy for
The argument• developed on the
"Author • Meets the Critic" pro
gram on the DuMont network. It
was punctuated by au di en c e
cheers and boos.
The critics were newspaper
columnist George Sokolsky,
-friendly to the book, and Mc-
Crary, who opposed it. McCrary
was a co-sponsor of the re - pent
Madison Square Garden rally for
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Careleis With Truth
McCrary, also a former New
York Daily Mirror editorial writer
and once • executive editor of the
American Mercury magazine, said
early in the program:
"Now, because Taft is desperate
and because he wants to be presi.
dent, he has been careless with
the truth in this book.
"He has s even deliberately dis
torted the truth . . . and all this
he has done to make you believe
he is an expert on foreign af
Illustrating his contention, Mc-
Crary said the senator was wrong
in writing that President Truman
had not conferred with Congress
on . the Korean war for weeks af
ter its outbreak.
Duff Fixes Blame
For GOP Defeats
MIAMI, Fla., Feb. 22 (A')
Senat o r Duff (R-Pa.) tonight
blamed "Old Guard Republican
regulars and professionals" for
GOP defeats in the last five presi
Duff, a backer of Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower, told an Eisen
hower rally that "the rank and
file of the Republican party must
not underestimate the capacity of
certain technical. Republican old
guard professionals to lead the
party down the drain again, even
in the face of the most favorable
opportunities for victory."
"For my part, I am sick and
tired of seeing defeat snatched
from the jaws of victory," Duff
said in a prepared speech. •
"The vitally important question
is: Will Republican leaders. prove
wise enough'to - translate this gol
den opportunity • into a Republi
can victory in November.
Beta 'National Pretident
To Speak at Banquets
A. J. G. Priest, national presi
dent of Beta Theta Pi, will be
guest speaker at the fraternity's
initiation banquet tomorrow
'Priest will also be guest, speak
er at a United World Federalists
banquet tonight at the State Col
PHE DAILY COLLEGIAN. STATE COLLEGE. PENNSYLVANIA
"Today we have taken a great
step," he said.
Hailed as a major V.S. diplo
matic victory and a triumph for
Eisenhower's drive for European
unity, the plan was voted by the
14 foreign ministers of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization in
a full council meeting with the
defense and finance ministers of
the member nations. Only the
foreign ministers vote in the coun
NATO approval paves the way
for pooling the land, sea and air
forces of France, West Germany,
Italy. Belgium, the Netherlands,
and Luxembourg into a European
defense• community closely con
nected with NATO.
After such a plan, is drafted
and signed in treaty form, it must
go through the torturous process
of ratification by each of the six
governments b e f or e actual re
cruiting for the army begins.
The NATO minist e'r s also
agreed that, as soon as the pro
posed European army of some
two million men is formed, they
will sign a protocol to the Atlantic
;treaty pledging to rush to the aid
of West Germany or any other
EDC member in case of an attack.
Such a protocol indirectly will
give West Germany a connection
with NATO, although she will
not be a member.
Th e decision highlighted an
eventful day in which the United
States, in a separate meeting,
agreed tentatively to pry loose
from funds already appropriated
by Congress and from weapons
stockpiles' additional, help for
A Senior U.S. official said this
aid would be worth "in the range
of 500 million dollars." He de
clared inaccurate earlier reports
that :the sum amounted to 597
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22—(W)—
A special House committee started
its probe of the Justice depart
ment today by demanding a "tre
mendous" stack of records on the
department's prosecuting activi
ties in the last six years.
The idea of the virtual dragnet
was to determine whether there
have been "unreasonable delays
or failures" in pushing cases
The committee called for a com
plete list of cases in which prose
cution was recommended by other
government agencies but which
have not yet been pressed to a
"No doubt a tremendous list
of cases will be involved—l'd
say thousands," Rep. Chelf (D.-
Ky.)' said. Chelf is chairman of a
seven-man judiciary subcommit
tee set up to investigate the Jus
tice department and its head,
Attorney General McGrath. •
- MOSCOW, Feb. 22 (JP)—The
Soviet press is highly optimiStic
about world affairs these days.
There has hardly been a time
when Russia's newspaper's and
their leading writers seemed
more sure that time is on the side
of the USSR and the nations al
lied with her.
First, there is the Atlantic Al
liance. The Russian press sees
that as 'slowly falling apart.
. Then there is' inflation in the
United States, an approaching
crisis, corruption in government
and confusion in leadership, the
England is seen beset by enor
mous economic difficulties and a
growing realization of rising Brit
ish-American conflicts . .
The view is that \ the northern
countries—Finland, Sweden, Nor
way and Denmark—are awaken-
Acheson told a news con-
SEOUL, Feb. 23 —(fP)— South
Korean Marines, with a powerful
assist from the Navy, have crush
ed a Communist attempt to seize
a strategic island high up the
east coast"of North Korea.
Allied announcements indicate
the Reds-lost as many as 53 Sam
pans in two days of fighting in
the icy waters around Yang Is
land, 16 miles northeast of the
Red port of Songjin and 125 miles
south of the Siberian frontier.
The South Korean Navy said
the battle broke out at 1 a.m.
Wednesday and raged for 33 hours
before beaten survivors of Com
munist for c e of possibly 1000
troops fled back to the coast from
the island. • '
While U.S. Navy communiques
made no mention of the attempt
ed invasion of Yang, they report
ed that destroyers and carrier
planes sank 40 Sampans north of
Songjin Wednesday and Thurs
day. Another 25 Sampans were
damaged by carrier planes.
The South Korean Navy re
ported the Communist invaders
in 20 Sampans made a lodgement
on Yang Wednesday morning, al
though 13 Sampans were sunk by
the island garrison of South Kor
The South Korean account did
not mention U.S. or Allied naval
However, a U.S. Navy com
munique located a brik surface
action in the same area at the
same time. It said that in Wed
nesday's early-morning darkness,
the U.S. Destroyer Shelton, the
and the New Zealand frigate Tau
po sailed into the middle of a
Sampan fleet north of Songjin.
The warships opened up with
all guns. The Navy said 15 Sam
pans were sunk, others were dam
aged, and the remainder were
At the height of this battle,
Communist shore guns opened up,
trying to protect the small Com
munist craft. The warships quick
ly silenced these guns.
At Railway Meeting
Dr. William Leonard, head of
the Department of Economics and
Commerce, represented the public
on the board of directors of the
Federation for Railway Progress
at a meeting Thursday in Harris
The' federation consists of rail
road management, suppliers, in
vestors. and the public...
Using► Rose Lenses
this does not happen.
ing to the situation and it is only
a question of time before they
take a neutral position , between
the two big world camps. In this
process, the Soviets think Nor
way and Denmark will quit the
One of the most encouraging
developments •in the world, as
seen by the Soviet press, is what
it calls the irresistible indepen
dence movement in North Africa,
Iran, Iraq. Indochina, Indonesia,
Malaya, Burma; and even Spain
and several countries of Central
and South America.
Soviet commentators are pro
fessing great encouragement at
the results of India's first national
elections in which Communists
won many seats in the central
and state legislatures.
,In Koje Prison Riot
PUSAN, Korea, Feb. 23—(W)—South Korean officials today
blamed a bloody Koje prison camp riot on a tough core of Com
munists who defiantly flew the North Korean flag over their com-
Three investigations were being made
which left 69 Korean civilian prisoners and
dead and 142 other prisoners and
23 soldier guards wounded.
The U.S. Eighth Army sent a
seven-officer board to Koje, a
small island off the south coast
27 miles southwest of Pusan.
Gen. James A. Van Fleet,
Eighth Army commander, also
sent Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd,
his deputy chief •of staff, to make
a personal inquiry,
The Republic of Korea made a
Involved in the fighting were
1500 interned Korean civilians and
750 veterans troops of the U.S.
Army's famed 27th "Wolfhound"
The Eighth Army said Com
munists planned and led the at
tack. It listed an array of crude
weapons seized .from the rioters
as evidence of "careful organiza
tion and planning."
Placed in Compound
A South Korean staff officer
said 1500 out of 5000 Korean civil
ians in compound No. 62 caused
the trouble. The Communists were
in full control there and flew the
North Korean flag.
The Communists had be e n
placed in the compound along
with o t her civilian internees
whose loyalty was in doubt.
In another compound 100 yards
away—separated only by barbed
wire—were Koreans believed to
be anti-Communist but who had
been impressed into service by
the Communists• and were cap
tnred by the Allies.
The officer said Republic of
Korea officials entered. the latter
compound to "screen" prisoners
to be freed. The Communists in
compound 62 began to yell and
The U.S. guards moved into
the Communist compound in an
attempt to quiet the disturbance
and were immediately attacked.
Congress Asks - Stassen
To Present Evidence
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22 (JP)—
A Congressional committee today
invited Harold E. Stassen to pre
sent to it "any credible evidence"
he has that Attorney General J.
Howard McGrath has become a
millionaire during his career as
an office holder.
The invitation was telegraphed
by Rep. Chelf (D.-Ky.), chairman
of a House Judiciary subcommit
tee named to .investigate the Jus
tice Department, and Rep. Keat
ing (R.-N.Y.), ranking Republican
member of that group.
'People Act' to Give
Story of Maine Town
"The People Act," a new radio
program series with national
headquarters in State College,
will tell a story of the community
.of New Sharon, Maine, at 10:05
The program will dramatize the
story of the third burning of the
schoolhouse in New Sharon and
the rebuilding of it by coopera
tion of the 761 tOwnspeople.
As to France, it is taken for
granted that the French people
are getting fed up with affairs
as they now stand.
The Italian people, the Russians
are told, know they have a rotten
government and. it is only a mat
ter of time before they vote it into
As to Marshal Tito in Yugo
slavia, Soviet commentators have
declared time and again that the
Yugoslav people are going to take
care of him.
Germany and • Japan, as seen
through the Soviet spectacles, are
finding their way along the right
path. It seems clear Western Ger
mans definitely do not want in
any European army, this version
goes, and while German mili
tarists would like to set up shop
again the French will see tha
of Monday's violence
one U.S. soldier guard
TOK Y 0, Feb. 23—(P)—The
Japanese government today
planned stronger police measures
to cope with any future Commun
ist riots such as those that swept
over Japan Thursday.
Premier Shigeru Yoshida held
an urgent cabinet meeting Fri
day to discuss measures, declar
ing in a statement that "such
riots cannot be tolerated."
Aft e r the meeting, Attorney
General Tokutaro Kimura told a
news conference he would ask
Parliament for a law creating a
"capital police force" answerable
only to the government.
Mobilize All Cities
In wartime, th e government
controlled all Japanese police, but
they were made independent on
orders of occupation authorities,
who objected to the old setup as
a "police state."
It is understood Yoshida also
wants the power to mobilize all
city and rural police, fire bri
gades, and coast guard patrols in
times of emergency.
Kimura said the special capital
police force was needed to defend
Tokyo. The force would be in ad
dition to the national police re
serve. The latter is a U.S.-trained
force of 75,000 men which is con
sidered a sort of national guard.
Police Strike Back
Scores of police were injured
in fights with hundreds of rock
throwing Communists Thursday.
Thousands of other Reds paraded
in anti-American demonstrations
in cities throughout Japan and
in the country.
Count of Gold
2 to 3 Year Job
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22—(W)—
The treasury says that if anyone
wants to make an accurate count
of the gold stored at Fort Knox,
Ky., as a candidate for Congress
has suggested, he can count on
spending two or three years at
Something over 12,000 tons of
gold are stored in the United
States Bullion Depository at Fort
Knox and the Treasury; which
has custody of it, says it has
counted it all down in the thou
sandth of an ounce several times.
But it doesn't advise a layman
to try it.
William C. Cole, former Repub
lican Congressman from Missouri
who is campaigning for the nom
ination again, told a meeting at
St. Joseph, Mo., yestefday that if
he is elected he will introduce
legislation calling for a physical
inventory of the gold.
He said he had heard• about
shortages in government-owned
grain, which is privately stored,
and added: "I'm beginning to
wonder, and so are a rot of other
people, if any of that gold has
fallen out of the bottom of the
vault at Fort Knox."
Marble Trips Woman,
Causes. House to Burn
PROVO, Utah, Feb. 22—(!P)
—Mrs. Opal 'Leftwich slipped
on a marble at her home today.
In falling, she struck and
broke a gallon jug of paint
The paint flowed into a floor
'The furnace exploded.
The house caught fire and
was badly damaged.
Mrs. Leftwich was not hurt,
except for shock.