The daily collegian. (University Park, Pa.) 1940-current, October 18, 1940, Image 2

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With the Editor—
The Intertraternity Dating Code
And Penn Slate's 'Total Environment'
Pewi State is administered under the education
al philosophy that its students should be living in
a "total environment." that is. one in which all
the stimuli brought to bear on a student both in
and out of classes will be in line with the educa
tional objectives of the college.
Penn State's educational objective and its rea
son for being is to provide Pennsylvania with an
enlightened citizenry. Penn State is supposed to
train good Pennsylvanians.
This is a goal which should be incessantly
worked for even though it can never be perfectly
Outside the class room, much of this educational
development has come through student self-gov
ernment. As is natural, such government occa
tiionally falls down, and badly.
One particular failure, evident at other institu
tions as well as Penn State, has become more im
portant, more dangerous, and more potent here
than at other institutions because of the Rachel
Taylor murder, and its inevitable reflection on
the College.
Fraternities have failed to keep faith with the
College in the enforcement of the Interfraternity
:Dating Code which they have imposed upon
Failure to enforce this code has had repercus
ions beyond the College. Only this summer it
brought Penn State unfavorable publicity in a
type of publication in which the College would
not particularly care to be mentioned even fav
orably. The eyes of Pennsylvania are upon us
since the Rachel Taylor case, ready to magnify
any mis-step way out of proportion.
Certainly law enforcement of the self-imposed
dating code is not conducive to training the ideal
citizens Penn State would care to turn out.
The College should riot step in to bring about
enforcement of the dating code, but Interfrater
nity Council should soon take steps to bring about
its own enforcement. When it does, it should have
the College behind it.
Strict enforcement of the code can have one of
two results. It is safe to say that during last year
nearly every fraternity could have been found
guilty of not one but many separate violations of
the code. The possible result, then, is that every
fraterriity might run afoul of the code and be
liable to a suspension of social privileges for 30
days or more.
The more probable result is that fraternity men
recognizing the importance of the code will keep
within it once they learn it is to be enforced. One
or two fraternities will be found guilty and will
cry out that they are scapegoats. That may be
;rue. but the net result is likely to be good. It
, - thould reflect favor on the fraternities and favor
on the. College in its successiul ..?,tabli,!hrnent of
a "total environment."
"For A Better Penn State"
Suc,..yssor to the Penn State Collegian, established 1904, and
the Free Lance, established 1887
Friday Morning, October 18. 1940
Published daily except Sunday and Monday during the
regular College year by the students of The Pennsylvania
Stat.. College. Entered as second-class matter July 5: 1934.
at the post-office at State College. Pa., under the act of
March 3. 1879.
Editor Business Manager
Adam A. Smyser '4l Lawrence S. Driever '4l
Women's 'Editor—Vera L. Kemp '4l; Managing Editor
—Robert H. Lane '4l; Sports Editor—Richard'. C. Peter
. 41; News Editor—William E. Fowler '4l; Feature Editor
—Edward '.l". K. McLorie '4l: Assistant Managing Editor—
Bayard Bloom '4l; Women's. Managing Editor- , -Arits L.
Hefferan '4l: Women's Promotion Manager—Edythe B.
Rickel '4l.
Advertising Manager—John H. Thomas. '4l ; Circulation
Manager—Robert G. Robinson '4l; Senior. Secretary—Ruth
Goldstein '4l ; Senior Secretary—Leslie H. Lewis '4l.
Member .
Nssociated Collegiate Press
Colle6iate Die:pest
Junior Editorial Board—John A. Baer '42, R. Helen
Gordon '42. Roar B. Lehman '42, William J. McKnight '42,
Alic , M. Murray '42. Pat Nagelberg '42. Stanley J. PoKemP
ner '42. Jeanne C. Stiles '42.
Junier Busine.s Board—Thomas W. Allison '42, Paul
M. Goldberg '42. Jame.; E. McCaughey '42. T. 131:lir Wallace
'42, Margaret L. Ernbury '42, Virginia Ogden '42, Fay E.
Rees '42.
Graduate COUSIAeIOr
Editorial and Bus inea3 Office
313 Old Main 1314
Dial 711
Man•uzinit Thi,
NPAV EflitOr
Wornc.n".: FAitil,r _ .
Distributor of
—C. Russell Eck
Downtown Office
119-121 South Frazier St.
Dial 4972
_..Ralph C. Itoutroncr. Sr. '4l
_Stanley J. PoKernpner '42
AIL-e M. Murray '42
L'a.i i Santu.q.:. Edward Petrov,-
EDITOR'S NOTE:—This is the fourth of six
articles prepared by the School of Mineral In
dustries and released to the Collegian. The ar
ticles will appear in this column on consecutive
Assistant Professor of Mineial Economics
and Technology
If America should be suddenly cut off from
world commerce today, probably no state would
feel the loss of 'strategic import minerals more
than Pennsylvania. And this in spite of its enor
mous native depoSits of coal, cement rocks, oil,
clay, limestone, and other minerals stretching from
Pittsburgh to the Lehigh Valley. •
The reason is Pennsylvania's dominant position
in mineral processing, over and above home min
eral production. Many of the state's vital defense
industries—steel, tinplate, aluminum, electrical
equipment, and even coal mining—are surprising
ly dependent on certain indispensable minerals
that must be obtained largely from overseas. The
current stocks of these minerals would last barely
a year if all imports should cease.
Although the likelihood of a total trade black
out is remote, the present moves by the federal
government to build up mineral stocks from
abroad, find new domestic sources, and license the
exports. strike vitally home in this state. All of
the remote minerals which Pennsylvania needs
have been put under export license control, as
well as several others with which the state is well
endowed, including oil and scrapiron.
A look at Pennsylvania's mineral imports will
show their importance.
Without manganese, imported largely from Rus
sia,• Cuba. India, and Africa, the booming steel
mills of Pittsburgh and eastern Pennsylvania
would be crippled. Less than 10 per cent of the
American consumption of this mineral, which is
used in all steels to remove impurities, is 'pro
duced within our own borders.
During the World War, by utilizing all possible
domestic sources, America was able to produce 35
per cent of its manganese needs and forestall a
serious drop in steel production. This could be re
peated, but only with great cost and delay. . .
The situation in regard to alloy steels is very
similar. Tungsten, chromium and nickel, - origi
nating in such widely separated places as China,
Turkey and Canada, are indispensable in the pro
duction of steel alloys. America produces about
one-half of its tungsten needs and scarcely any
chromium and nickel, although, interestingly
enough, Lancaster county during one periiid' be
tween 1350 and 1890 was the world's chief source
of chromium and nickel. The smallness of the
deposits a9d y the discovery of rich supplies in oth
er region's soon made this source unimportant.
Letters to the Editor—
To the Editor
Because of the pro-conscription
policy of The Collegian numerous
editorials have appeared acclaim
ing conscription, while to my
knowledge not a single anti-con
scription Article has been printed
this semester. I do not wish to
attack this policy but would ap
preciate the opportunity to clarify
the entire issue. Even though the
majority of the American people
have accepted conscription as be
ing the, best method by which
democracy in the nation might be
made to survive the world-wide
detonations, I think that millions
of equally loyal Americans con
tinue to look upon conscription as
the biggest step toward totalitar
ianism this country has ever taken.
Both those for and those against
this method of filling the nation's
armed forces acclaim its tremen
dous significance. Both feel that
the spirit and traditions of Airier
ican Democracy are at. stake.
One group claims that conscrip
tion is a sacrifice of . democratic
tradition essential to national se
curity and unity in the• face of a
hostile and aggressive world. Our
liberties and our American way of
life can be preserved only through
such a sacrifice in times of emerg
ency and world crisis like this. We
must prepare to meet force with
force that good may triumph, that
democracy and freedom may pre,
dominate in the world, not Fas
cism. In short, we must sacrifice
some of our liberties in order that
we shall not lose all.
The other group opposes con
scriptiOn as a dangerous menace to
American democracy and an un
necessary step on the road to total
itarianism. National security and
unity are not threatened to such
an extent as to warxent such des
triktion of our democratic liber
ties, and such concessions to mili
Conscription means, they say,
deliberate preparartion for war, the
abolition • of our democratic free
choice. of occupation, a• national
escape from solVing the unemploy
ment problem, 'the breaking of
youth's morality, the violation of
religious liberty, and' the regim
entation. of America into a militar
ized life which will eventually
deny our civil liberties 'such as
freedom of speech and press. Con
scription, to this group would be
the introduction -of Hitlerism to
solve our problems and the admis
sion that they cannot be solved by
democratic means. In short, these
oppose conscription because they
feel freedom cannot be purchased
at the price of that freedom.
Pennsylvania congressmen clear
ly supported the Burke-Wadsworth
Bill in ' a ratio of almost two to
one. This should be a challenge to
all Pennsylvania citizens to write
to their congressmen expressing
approval •or dissatisfaction with
"their actions.
The American system of repre
sentative democracy works .effec
tively only when the citizens, the
back bone of that system, do their
part in bringing out all sides on
all issues. In this way alone - can
intelligent decisions based on the
weighing of all factors and all
points of view be reached. All over
the world the totalitarian, cen
traliZed—state is replacing this
democratic system because of its
superior efficiency; only by a re
vitalization of „ our democracy,
which means the reawakening of
the individual to his responsibility
can our system of government "by
the people" become effective en
ough to warrent its preservation.
P. R. Thomforde
To the Editor.
On October 8 an editorial ad
vocating war was printed in The
Daily Collegian. The immediate
Cause for the article's appearance
was the discussion centering about
Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler's
"statement of policy" to the fac
ulty of Columbia University, in
which statement Dr. Butler claims
that academic freedom in the
United States must play a sec
ondary role to the subjugation of
"beastly and brutish" forces which
now threaten to dominate the
world. How the throttling of acad
emic freedom would help in this
subjugation process •is not explain-
At The News
As the Russian. Bear daily growls
more threateningly at 'Rumania
(and therefore at the Axis powers),
the question arises as to what that
huge but gangling animal can do,.
other tlian getting sits nose badly
pinched between Germany_ and
The most signficant answer
comes in Tuesday's news-story
concerning the following demands
made by Hitler upon little Yugo
1. Yugoslavia must concentrate
almost exclusively on increasing
her agricultural production at the
expense of any industrial develop
The fact that this • ultimatum
comes at a moment when Stalin
is apparently swinging
. around to
Britain's side, or at least away
from a pro-Axis attitud< makes
this latest- move of Germany's
Fuehrer seem to be, 'from all out
ward appearances, more than just
another land-grabbing step.
In other words, Russia's concen
tration of troops in Bessarabia
seems to have been accompanied
by a general concentration of Nazi
thought on the question, "Where is
the next meal coming from?" The
answer seems to be, Yugoslavia,
-- Some 63,000,000 mouths (dis
counting bombing casualties) must
be fed in Germany this winter.
Foodstuffs will come from France,
the Scandinavian countries, and
some from the 'Fatherland, but it
is a safe bet that Russia - was being
counted upon for wheat, rye, and
other ingredients of "the staff of
life." •
Couple the implications of
. all
these factors with the censored
hints of foreign correspondents
that the food in Nazi Germany is
nothing to brag about, either in
quality or quantity, and one gets
what seems to be the answer to the
question . stated at the beginning
of this column.
Russia's biggest contribution to
the anti-Nazi cause will be a blow
in the general region of the belt
While agreeing with Dr. Butler,
the Collegian created a greater
error. It allowed itself to advo
cate war• without any other reason
than that of the fatalistic one of
inevitability. Foolish as this at
titude may be on the part of the
average "man on the street," it is
completely inexcusable on the
part of an organ of public opinion
such as a newspaper. How can we
expect careful weighing of the
objectives and probable result of
a war with the alternative of peke
if a newspaper, catering -to ten
thousands supposedly more-intell
igent-than-average Americans of
fers inevitability as a reason for
Are there, then,-no other reasons
for entering into war overseas but
that one?
Editor's Note: The Collegian re
grets it gave this impression. There
is a better reason. A new type of
government• has , risen . up in the
world, one r incomparible with our
own political and' economic. struc
ture. 'With • many. other thinking
people, the Collegian believes
these two ideologiei are headed
for an inevitable-conflict in which
one or the other must fall. The
Collegian would rather that 'it
were not ours. .
To the Editor
There has been much lamenta
tion, wailing and gnashing of teeth
of late on our fair campus relative
"to the regrettable decadence of the
grand Penn State spirit of yore!
Strangely enough, most comment
has missed the salient factor in
volved: Penn State spirit has de
clined in proportion to the• grad
ual insidious increase in the -coed
population. To put the nub of the
matter bluntly: Penn State has_too
many girls!
State College Chapter Prevention
Co-educational Infiltration (PCD..
Saul ,Belilore