Penn State collegian. (State College, Pa.) 1911-1940, April 23, 1937, Image 1

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Volume 33—No. 55
Political Campaigns End
Sunday Night, Elections
Begin at 1230 Monday
150 Attend Mass Meeting Tuesday; ROTC Issue
Explained, Candidates Introduced;
• Use New Election Rules
The five-day Campaign for class offices opened officially in Schwab audi
torium Tuesday night, with approximately 150 students attending the first
political mass meeting in the history of the college. The campaign will close
at 7 o'clock Sunday night when each clique must file a report of its expendi
tures with Joseph F. Griffith '37, chairman of the elections committee.
Elections will be held in the first floor lounge of Old Main, beginning at
12:30 o'clock Monday afternoon and continuing until 12:30 o'clock Wednesday
afternoon. The polls will close at 5 o'clock on Monday and Tuesday after
noons and reopen at 8:45 o'clock the following mornings. They will remain
closed from 12:15 to 12:46 o'clock on
Tuesday afternoon.
R. 0. T. C. Issue Explained
After a 10-minute delay, the meet
ing opened with a short talk. by E.
Townsend Swalm '37, who explained
the R. 0. T. C. question which will be
included on the ballot in the coming
With only a dozen students in at
tendance without political ties, Grif
fith, who presided at the meeting in
the •absence •of Frank A. Osterlund,
scnior class president, called off the
scheduled discussion of the platform
issues upon the approval of the clique
representatives. The various candi
dates were then introduced by the
party chairmen, campaign Posters
were distributed, and the meeting ad-'
New rules, included in the recent
elections code modifications, will be in
effect throughout the three-day elec
tion' period. Electioneering in. Old
Maio will be prohibited, and only
members of the elections committee
and voters will be permitted to enter
all parts of the building: A viola
tion of this rule will cost the offend
ing party two votes, with the penalty
doubled for each succeeding violation.
One member of each clique will-be
allowed to cheek voters:on' the polh
books in Old. - Main;%burhe will not - "lie
permitted to ask anyone how he vet- I
cd. Clique; Chairmen will be free to
consult their lists every half-hour
As in the past, students will have
to present their matriculation .calds
before entering the polls. In the event
that the student'has lost his card, a
note - from the dean of his school will
be required. • Infraction of this rule
leaves a student liable to dismissal
from college.
Chemists. , Isolate
Sex Hormones
For Study.
The School of Chemistry and Phy
sics scores another triumph.
Congratulations poured in" on five
members of the school after they pre
sented a paper before the AMerican
Chemical Society in Chapel Bill, N.
C., announcing the isolation - , identi
fication, and synthesis of a new male
hormone. News of the research was
sent from roast - Cy coast.
The scientists, Profs. Russell E.
Marker and RalphV. McGrew and D:
M. Jones, E. L. Wittle and Thomas
S. Oakwood in the isolation lind!syn
tilesis of, the new hormone, have tak
en the' latest step forward in throw
ing light on the sex hormone . mystery
that has to do with secondary sea
characteristics, as deep voice of the
male and the hairless face of the fe
The hormone, named epi-allo-preg
nanolone, because of its chemical
stucture, shows essentially male char
acteristics though' it is secreted byi the
female during pregnancy.
The discovery draws the conclus
ion that many of the aspects of sex
are more chemical in their nature
than physical. Today the chemical re
actions themselves are believed, more
important in determihing, sex chara&
teristics .than the 'chemicals involved
in the reactions.' The research reveals
that the hormone is a substance con
siderably more potent than andros
throne and differing frail) it in that
it has two more carbon atoms in the
Professor Marker reports that ,pre
:lions to this investigation, the stal
lion was 'the only male animal to pro
duce the female sex hornione theclin.
Now,- a female animal, woman, has
been found to produce a hormone pos
sessing male characteristics.
4 Named to Honorary
Mary E. Bechtel '3B, Amy F. Mc-
Clelland '3B, Henrietta B. Nichols '3B,
and Bernice E. Zwald '3B . have been
elected to Omricron Nu, senior Home
Economics honorary. The selection
was based on scholarship, leadership,
and personality.
500 Participate
In Peace Strike
Rev. Bleakney, Eddie I%Behols,
3 Students Give Talks
Against War ..
• Over 500 enthusiastic peace-minded
students and townspeople attended
the - fourth annual peace strike held
on this campus. Rev. Edward Bleak
ney, the principal speaker, based his
speech On the Biblical , quotation,
"They that take the sword shall per
ish by the sword."
"We have had militarism for cen
turies believing it the way for the
ending of wars, yet it has not gotten
us anywhere." he said. "The common
people of the world are on the march
for peace," he continued. "Get• the
peace mind and peace attitude, to
daY," he urged his hearers.
Prof. Edward J. Nichols, the chair
man the
.meeting. declared that,
"This , . is, a walkout rehearsal for . .the
time when war is again with. us."
High School Opinion Voiced
Frank Smith, State' College high
school delegate voiced the opinion
that, "Instead of war destroying civ
ilization, let uA.reverSe the situation
and destroy war with our civilization."
' Frank A. Osterlund, senior Class
president, told that European powers
are only bluffers because they have
no money to back up their statements.
"We • are way ahead of them in peace
mindedness." he continued, "why not
stay ahead?"
Genevra C. Ziegler '37 predicted
that the women of the world will
wield a weighty - opinion and urged
the young women to gain a knowl
edge of whet is going on to be able
to argue against war. James T. Du
gan '37 began his speech by reading
a quote from the Centre Daily Times
of twenty yeaVs ago which stated
that Penn State had turned over its
facilities for war. Propagenda had
State ready a year before we entered
ti the war so that when it was declared
we became immediately an armed
"The United States is spending bil
lions of dollars for armaments," he
said, "when we need jobs." "The only
jobs the government is getting us
ready for is fertilizer and burial
squads." Dugan urged his listeners
to vote "yes" on the It 0. T. C. ques
tion which Will be listed on the ballot
in the coining student elections.
Pinafore Will Return
For Second Showing
A second showing of the very suc
cessful 'IL M. S. Pinafore" will be
a feature of the Mother's Day pro
gram on. Saturday, May . 8. The same
cast, settings ;
_and direction, will be
trained as.were in the other showing
here on January 15.
This popular musical comedy of
nautical life by Gilbert .and Sullivan,
under the direction of Prof. Richard
W. Grant, and J. Ewing Kennedy, will
feature 23 ensembles, solo and - special
vocaLselectiOns by the Glee Club .and
the Thespians.
I• Who's Dancing
Alpha Chi Omega
Bill Bottorf
Sigma Phi Alpha
,Sarners' Orchestra
Theta Phi Alpha
Bill Bottorf
Players 'To Give Anti-War Hitt
Tonight, Tornorrow at 8:30
Fourth Production of 1936-37 Season, 'Bury The
Dead,' Has 30 in Cast; Play
Features 6 Corpses
.The Penn State Players will pre
sent "Bury, the Dead," Irwin Shaw's
gripping anti-war smash hit, in
Schwab auditorium tonight and to
morrow night at 8:30 o'clock. The
production marks the fourth of the
1936-3 . 7 season for the Players..
,Under the direction of Prof. Frank
S. Neusbaum, the cast of over thirty
will bring to the campus one of the
most unusual plays ever to achieve
success on Broadway. Following the
theme of a future war in which six
dead soldiers refuse to be buried, say
ing "their business is with the top of
the world," the play combines terrific
emotional power.with clever technical,
'When the six soldiers refuse to al
low themselves -to be buried, the en
tire army is' unable to put them down.
In desperation, the generals try to
get the clergy and finally the moth
ers, sweethearts, and wives to make
the men be buried. The entire world
becomes agog over the situation.
Done with Lights
"Bury the Dead" is also unusual in
its technical makeup. It runs little
over an hour and a half, and it is
done without intermissions on a single
set. The action moves by means of
lights, with darkness prevailing ex
cept where - the character is speaking.
In this way, the story jumps from
the trenches, to the generals' tent,
to a newspaper office, and to the
The show depends more upon the
cast as a whole rather than individual
stars. The six corpses are portrayed
by C.. Allan Tapman '39, Johnson
Brenneman '37, Donald R: Geiger '37,
Tack L. Wolgin '3B, Morton Wolovsky
'37, and Gilbert Miller '3B.
...Female roles, are.played byporothy
'A: . Clarke' '38,. Nesse Firestone .'4O,
Jane C. Eames '4O, Florence Mar
quardt '4O, Jean F. Woodruff '36, and
Beatrice Conford '37. Hilda L. Han
son '37 is a clubwoman, while the oth
ers are mothers, wives, or sweethearts
of the dead men.
Others in Cast
Others in the cast include. Irving
Tersuhow '3B, Herbert S. Yanofsky
'4O, Clarence H. Evans '4O, Dennis A.
Weaver '3O, Randolph W. Graham '4O,
Harry W. Reed '3B, John W. Charset
'39, Charles Waxman '4O, Edward T.
Binns '3B, Robert W. Cowden '39, and
William IC. Rile '4O.
In addition to these, parts arc taken
by Elmer F. Linberg '4O, Clarence S.
Reede Says U. S.
Aids Belligerants
Charges Americans With Giving
Help in Spain Despite .
Neutral Standing
That the United . States, despite its
neutral standing, bus been providing
both the Spanish rebels and loyalists
indirectly with products , included on
contraband lists in wartime was the
theory of Arthur H. Reede in the last
of the Liberal Arts lectures held in
the Home Economics auditorium on
Tuesday night.
Mr. Reede said that the United
States was in no way the worst offen
der in this indirect trading. He stat
ed that European traders were ingen
ious in this matter and that they also
have been sending goods to Spain by
roundabout routes.
"There exists no body
.of interna
tional law that makes a 'country stay
neutral during a foreign civil war,"
the - speaker said. "The limitation
placed on a nation is that it shOuld
not intervene, for rebels until they
'have openly di2clared themselves as
Mr. Rude said that the fact that
both combatants refuse to be called
the rebel party has complicated the
situation.' He said that the de facto
recognition given to. Franco was a
prelude to stronger intervention by
fascist nations. The aid given to the
two sides has fluctuated back and
forth, Mr. Recde 'continued, and the
present trend seems to be toward
lie said that the de facto recogni
tion should not have been given as
Franco has not yet held Madrid or
any land under his control. He con
cluded with the thought that the
Spanish rebellion has led to .the col
of all diktrmament plans.
Anderson '4O, DOnald +W. Wright '39,
Alvin E. lleutchy '37, Kenneth S. Ka
gen '3B, Richard F. Collins '37, and
Walter W. St. Clair '9O.
The technical stall is made up of
Morris H. Wood '3B, general technical
manager; Frank L. Herr '37, electric
technician; Eugene -H. Zierdt '4O,
sound technician; Hebert M. Ludwig
'4O and Robert H. Peterson , '39, as
sistant stage manager's; :Mary E. Fry
'3B, costume manager :',Joan C. Sper
ling '39, askistant costume manager;
Helen L. Gorham - '38, - property man
ager; Dorothy A. - Getitzel' '39, assist
ant property manager; and Lillian. J.
Lawyer '37, house manager.
Mortar Board To
Hold Conference
Vocational Guidance Talks Aim
To Instruct Wmiaen; Nine
Speaker's' Picked
• In order to present the opportuni
ties and varied kinds of work open to
women, a vocational guidance confer
ence under the direction of Mortar
Board will be held:in the second floor
laungzi of Old Main • Monday, Tues
day, and Wednesday' afternoons.
The meeting, is especially for fresh
men and sophomores; although the
other classes are 'allOwed to attend.
The object is to provide a source of
stimuli in vocational guidance, and if
possible to help' the,underclassmen to
realize how they can choose their vo
cations. Anyone who wishes to attend
these meetings will bb excused from
An.exhibit of books,tpamphlcts, and
sther literatore,,will*On„display:in
the library. These Will inchide both
general information . and specific ma
terial on work in more than 50 fields.
The conference will be opened on
Monday afternoon at 2 o'clock by Dr.
A. K. Anderson who, will speak on
"The Medical Technician and Allied
Work in Chemistry." At 3 o'clock,
Mrs. T. F. Struck will address the
group on "Social Service."
On Tuesday afternoon at 1 o'clock,
Miss Julia Brill will discuss "Fields
Open to Liberal-Arts Students." At
2 o'clock, Miss Phyllis Sprague will
talk on "Home Economics." The third
lecture Tuesday afternOon . will be
given by Dr. Van Armer on "Person
nel Work." At 4 o'clock, Miss Marie
Haidt will discuss "Physical Educa
On Wednesday at 2 o'clock, Miss K.
Stokes will speak on "Library' Sci
ence." At' 3 o'clock, Mrs. Merritt
Scott will talk on "Fine and Applied
Arts." The concluding one. given by
A. 0. Morse, will be "Choice of a Vo
Home Ec. Club Elects
Lucia E. Ohl '39 was elected presi
dent of the Home Economics club at
a meeting Wednesday' night. The oth
ers elected were R. Dawn Harden '39,
vice-president; Jane . I. Gruber '39,
secretary; and Marjorie F. Davies '39.
Study Saves Wear and Tear
On Hitch-HikingThumbs, Legs
Vacation hitch-hikers anxious to
make Pittsburgh or Philadelphia in
time to take the little girl to dinner
can now plan their trips accordingly,
simply by consulting the new "Hitch-
Hikers' Timetable." This much-need
ed' work is being arranged and com
piled by George D. Thomas, instruc
tor in industrial• engineering, from
material gathered by I. E. students
in technical English:'
Averages computed from interviews
with 123 hikers, covering a total of
17,003 miles, show the probable trav
eling time to Pittsburgh to be 6.16
hours; to Philadelphia, 7.22 hours;
and to Harrisburg, 3.93 hours.' The
average speed fcr ail trips listed was
23.7 miles per hour.
A composite picture of the hiker
who will get there quickest reveals
that he dresses neatly, curries one
piece of luggage with a 'Penn State
banner or sticker, and starts from
the Atherton street stoplight at 11
o'clock on a fair day.. He must use the
"plain thumb and arm smotion," but
may use his'own discrimination as to
R.O.T.C. Issue
Faces College
Opinion Vote
Peace Council Effects
Inclusion on Ballot
At Elections
Trustees To Act On
Poll Results In June
On the ballot for the first time at
'an all-college election, the question of
compulsory R. 0. T. C. will be placed
before the student body at the class
elections next Monday, Tuesday, and
Inclusion of the R. 0. T. C. issue
on the ballot :is part of a state-wide
campaign now being ccnductell by the
Peace Action Council in an effort to
eliminate compulsory military train
ing in colleges.
Speaking at the political mass
meeting in Schwab auditorium Tues
day night, E. Townsend Swalm '37,
one of the student leaders in the fight
for optional R. 0. T. C., emphasized
the fact that the poll would serve
only as an official record of student
opinion. A similar poll of the fac
ulty has already been taken, and
alumni Opinion will scon be obtained.
Results of the three polls will be pre
sented :to the Board of Trustees for
final action next June, Swaim ex
Discusses Federal Funds
"The Merril Land Grant Act of
1863 states that R. 0. T. C. must be
offered," SWalm added. "The idea
that federal funds would be curtailed
or diminished is a false one. We will
still have R. 0. T. C., but it will be
Elimination of compulsory It. 0. T.
C. by legislative action in North Da
kota last month brought the total of
states having optional military train
ing to—three. In 1923. Wisconsin :be
came the first state to pass a law to
this - effect. Minnesota followed in
6 Fraternities Apply
For Grad. Counselors
Applications for graduate counsel
ors have been filed by six fraterni
ties, Dr. Charles C. Wagner, assistant
dean of the School of Liberal Arts,
said. The six fraternities are: Beta
Theta Pi, Delta Chi, Lambda Chi Al
pha, Phi Sigma Delta, Sigma Chi, and
Sigma Nu.
In. exchange for room and board,
the graduate students act as advi
sors to the fraternity that house!:
them. The aim of the plan is to raise
the level of the . fratennitie:i schohis
tinily, to promote social poise and
control, and to bridge the gap be
tween the fraternity and faculty.
Dr. Wagner expects the trustees to
approve a suggestion to have one or
more advisors in each' of the dormi
tories, Irv i n hall, at present, is the
only dormitory to boast a graduate
-College graduates with a high
scholastic rating arc eligible for the
counselor •position: They must also
have a record of fraternal life and
possess mature views on social and
economic nroblems.
By 11E111
a "casual and unconcerned manner,"
a "quick enthusiasm." or a "pitifully
downcast look."
Passenger cars are successfully
stopped just 7.87 times as often as
trucks. Correct thumbing instruc
tions were given by one hiker as,
"Arm extended, steady sweep of arm,
for about two feet. Thumb repeated
ly going from vertical to horizontal."
A small minority found a simple dig
nity, preferable to any thumb motion
at all.
"It's foolish to start earlier than
one hour after sunrise," one report
stated. "The best time•is early after
noon; after that traffic dr.*, begin
ning about 7 .p. In. After 9 it falls
off again and after midnight trucks
are the only possibilities." 'Most of
the bikers advise strongly against
any night. travel.
A measure of consolation for the
aching arches, weary thumbs, and
worn-out shoe leather involved may
be derived from the fact that d grand
total of $421.12 in railway fares was
saved in the 718 hours the hikers
spent en the road. '
Building Program, New
Phys.. Ed. Dean Await
Special Trustee Action
Meeting This Week-end May Clarify Possibilities
Of New Buildings, Retirement Cut;
Expect Action •on Schott .
Chief concern of the Board of Trustees at its special meeting in Flar
risbtu•g this week-end will he the proposed building program to come from
Public Works Administration funds in the near future.
It is believed that discussion of this program will occupy a good portion
of the time alloted for the meeting. However, it is a strong possibility that
the selection of a new Dean of the School of Physical Education and Ath
ltics may be decided.
The Collegian learned last week tl
school at West Virginia University, b
time. It is expected in many circles
pointment or rejection,
May 11 Date Set
For AA Run-Off
Committee of Coaches, Captains
To Choose Candidates;
l'lan Amendment
Candidates for president and secre
tary of the Athletic Association will
be picked six to ten clays before the
preliminary elections, according to an
announcement made today by Robert
E. Mcrini 'O7, president of the asso
ciation. As all the elections have end
ed in a plurality instead of a major
ity, a run-off contest will be held May
The candidates for the position arc
selected by the coaches, captains, and
managers of the various sports with
the help of the retiring president. Six
men arc chosen to run on the ticket
May 10.
The following amendment to the
constitution of the Athletic Assoeia
tion -will be voted upon at the same
election., The proposed amendment is•
in full.
• The junior college is defined• for
the purposes here concerned as a
college with a two-year objective,
which does not give a degree, and
which requires graduation from an
accredited high school for admis
sion to it.
(a) The one-year residence rule
may be -waived in the case of a
transfer from a junior college, pro
vided that the certifying college re
quires as high scholastic standards
of the transfer student as it re
quires of its resident studMits un
der similar conditions.
(b) And. providers, that the cer
tifying senior college counts all ath
letic competition in the junior col
lege just as if it had leen place in
the certifying college itself. It is'
understood that any competition
with a team of another school or
college which the student had with
in twelve months following his en
rollment in a junior college shall
count as freshman competition.
(e) That the total years of "in
tercollegiate" competition shall be
limited to four. including the year
or years of competition while in the
junior college.
26 Members Elected
• To Pi Lambda Theta
The recently elected pledges of Pi
Lambda Theta, women's education
honorary fraternity, will be installed
May 1. After the initiation the fra
ternity will hold a dinner in honor
of its first anniversary as a national.
The 25 active members and the 25
present pledges will attend the din
ner at which past presidents of the
former local fraternity will speak.
The junior pledges are: Edna G.
Albert, Lois J.. Anderson, Margaret
L. Bean, Sara E. Blackwell, Emily AL
Blair, Dorothy E. Bollinger, Beverly
B. Brenizer, Frances A. Duritsa and
Kathleen E. Gilbody.
Other juniors elected are: Helen L.
Gorham, Frieda Knepper, Ruby C.
Klymer. Eleanor W. Ley, Martha J.
Miller, Esthe• Parker, Jessica L. Sell-
Minky, Arleine I\J. Schnure, Sara. E.
Scott, Mary E. Taylor, Catherine J.
Stirling, Kathryn E. Walker, Ferne
L. Warner and Bernice E. Ewald.
The graduate student pledges sic
Maude L. Blakeslee and Nora E. Witt
man. Gretchen M. Haffley %.17 was also
Attend Practice Camp
During the coining summer, the
sophomore forestry praetieum will be
held at Mont Alto, instead of at an
abandoned CCC camp in the Alle
gheny National Forest,. as had been
hat Dr. Carl Schott, dean of the same
the number one man at the present
hat the trustees will act upon his up-
It is not deemed possible that the
meeting will throw any light upon the
general college appropriation. It is
generally known that the appropria
tions committee of the legislature
does not act until the session nears
its termination, whereafter the gov
ernor has 30 days in which to make
Another issue that is a possibility
for discussion is the method in which
faculty members will be retired un
der the provisions of the recent re
tirement act.
5 Millions For Buildings
The amount of money from the
PWA for cdlego buildings has varied
from time to time since its probabil
ity was - known, and the final figure
has not been set. Until the federal
government awards contracts there
will be no positive assurance that any
particular building is "safe."
The trustees are not expected to be
able to ask for. bids or make any
final approval of the plans for the
new women's dormitory, fostered
from a private loan by the board.
Traffic Program
To Open Monday
Training School Plans Include
Accident Study; State
Patrol Sends Men
With outstanding traffic engineers,
police officers, educators, and special
ists in the safety field serving as in
structors, the first annual training
school for Pennsylvania traffic offi
cers will begin Monday.
The training course, which will last
for two weeks, has been designed to
provide a compiehensive and practical
survey of the problems of traffic con
trol which will prepare the officers
in attendance for the solution of these
problems and stiMulate them to pur
sue a further study of the subject.
An attempt will be made to train
the officers to attack the accident pre
vention problem from the point of
view that the number of deaths on the
highway can be reduced materially
through an intelligent approach by
the police upon their basic causes.
'Advance registration has assured a
representation from at least forty
Pennsylvania cities. Delegates will
also be present from the Pennsylva,
nia State Highway Police at Harris
Lawrence B. Tipton, of the North
western University Traffic Safely In
stitute, will nerve as director of the
school. Other administrative officers
are Dr. Harold F. Alderfer, executive
secretary of the Institute of Local
Government; .1. Orvis Keller, assist
ant to the president; and Hugh G.
Pyle, of the extension services.
Miller Will Address
Sunday Chapel-Goers
Francis P. Miller; secretary of the
National Policy Committee will speak
on "Seeking First the Kingdom of
God" at Sunday chapel service in
Schwab auditorium at 11 o'clock.
He received his A. B. degree from
Washington and Lee university, his
B. A. and M. A. degrees from Oxford,
and a certificate from the Postgradu
ate Institute for Higher International
ISudis in Geneva. He has lived abroad
sonic 11 years since 1917.
Miller is author with Helen Hill of
"The Giant of the Western World."
He was co-author with Richard Nie
bur and William Pauck of "The
Church Against the World;" and au
thor of "The Blessings of Liberty."
lie was u lecturer on international
and social questions at Yale university
from 1931 to 1931, and field secretary
of the Foreign Policy association for
a year.