The Ebensburg Alleghanian. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1865-1871, January 23, 1868, Image 1

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- -'
. V
Vodd iiittciiiso.v,
l Tifnr and PflWIsher.
rinrmir T A . - .
y l.rtw, Ebeusbur?, ra.
January 24,
ffjHN FENLON, Attorney at Law,
J Ebensburg. Fa-
"ice opposite
n FORGE M. HUADE, Attorney at
' t'l 1 - T..
OfLce in Colonnade Row. jan24
" TIKRNKY, Attorney at Law,
EWi;?bur;r. Cambria county, Ta.
TOnA'C)A'i.t SCANLAN, Attorneys
I ut L:w, Eben?buTfr, Pa.
- rm f
DfSi-e opposite the court uouse.
.,;vstos. nn24l J. z. SCISHS.
VV.S C. EASLY, Attorney at Law, j
,1 f.rrolitown, camona county, l a.
.Architectural Drawings and .Specifi-
.J5i HAie. fjA!l24
FA. bliUh.-l AivJ-iii, Attorney ai
. Law, Ebeusburg, Pa.
Particular attention pm io coiiecnou.
Ouice one door east of Lloyd & Co.'b
inking House. LJap-
rMUEL SINGLETON, Attorney at
5 Law, Ebensburjr, Pa. Office on High
:r et. wet of Foster 8 Hotel.
WU practice in tbe Courts oi unomsan
djoinins: counties. .
fgy Attends also to trie conecv.ou ei viiui
t goldier3 ag ainst the Government. TJan24
f KOKGE W. O ATM AN, Attorney at
T Law and Claim Agent, EbensburgJ
. TV.
Pensions, Back Pay and Bounty, and
V tary Claim collected. Rnl Estate
aud ?cld, and payment of Taxes nt-
. -'ri to Bcok Arcounts, rotes, iue au:s,
r-'-jaent. c, coUe. ted. Deeds, Mort?a-
r Aeretmerts, Letters of Attorneyf.Bonds,
neatlv written, nd all lepal business
i-ifully attended to. Pensions increased,
;:i V '.ialized Iiounty collected. jan24
DEVKRE UX. M. I).. IMiywcian
t-i inrpeon, Summit, Pa.
: .r.p ct MiMi'on Hou-e. on Rail-
;-. bt clls promptly atti-ndel
RvIdj: located in Ebens-
nr 1 : e..nbl r"i'P Ifl the
:.r, ocer 'is puu!-.-rvU. .
:l,lrUi Ot town D-i Vi..riM.
Teeth eitr.'.cted, without piin, with itrou
?)riJt, or Lavghir.j Gj.
023. over i- K. Thomas- store, i:t?n
l) The underii -acd, Gradus'
Cflre uf lU-ut.ii rfurger
cfrrs Lis service? t the citizens
I:''jer.fburg. He has spared n-j means to
-.horougLlv acquaint himself with every ita
rrovrtient in h;3 art. To many years of per
experience, he Ls sought to add the
-- arted experiete ct the highest authorities
vi 'Dtntfcl Scier.ce. lie dimply sks tUat an
o:;ortunity t?:ay be jiven for his wotk to
. ?ik its own praise.
R.frr.nei : Prof. C. A. Harris ; T. E. 3ond,
!: . VT. R. Handy; A. A. Blandy, P. Ii. Aus
tcc.'.Le Ba.timore College.
SWrA beat Ebensburg oa the fourth
;ar or
.'nac Arv
idch month, to st.
v oae w :ek.
T !.OYl & CO., B'lilkrrs
Xj Ebensbtrg, Pa.
;C,f.ld. Filver. Govt r.Minect Lo"ns and
r 5e uvties t.oujht ai:l fold. Interest
..a.d ::i Tune IK -por-it-s. Col!f ctiora made
i -ll :itcejisible jiointi in tbe Uiiited St:ti-5,
". a (ifnir! 'iu.k:iig Busiues tranfea ied.
Jar. u . - , 1 ?!7.
i f M i.LOVI) t C , lxiL-cr
f Altoona. Pa-
' ur. the principal cities, and Silver
'i Gobi lor s.ib-. Collection? made. Mcn
; received or. deposit, paynble on demand,
.'roi.t imere.-t, or upon iiuje, with interest
- rotes. jan2t
rM m. i iovd I'rei't. Jous i loyd, CatUer.
co vi: ay. vest a gexcy,
tsv Torrer Virginia and Anale Ets., North
''M, Altooua, Pa.
Acts ,izrv Capital $300,000 00
riCAf:TAt PilU IX ISOjvOO tti
--ln-aess pertaining to Banking dtoe on
ii'rra.ij Revenue Stamp3 of all decoiaina
kl s on hand.
3 purcLasers of S'.amp', percentR?e, in
J'n.f s. iU be allowed, as follows : $j0 to
2 j r .eat. ; $I0C to $200, 3 per cent.
t-f,fJ and upwards, 4 per cent. jan24
Suereuor of 12. S. Dumi.
Dealer in
. A ho :
LeUer c&?t and Note Papers,
Pencils, Superior Ink,
And other articles kept
. . . . by Drugpists generally.
' 'i"n2 rTcriptiont c-rtfulht compounded.
"-'Ce OQ Main Mrcn tfo VI dim.
"Lviufi-. : ( ;
Esevsburg, Pa.,
Barrels, Ktr, Tubs, and
w'.en-w..rt -energy. Meat stands
-at stands on band and for
fcaJT ll'fnirintf done ebeap for vash.
Order3 from a distance promptly attend
t0- LNov. 7, 8.i7-3m
v lie, Etiensburg, Pa.
Oice on IIi;b street, west cf Fs!r' Uo-
The Ilainj Day.
The day is cold, and d:irk, and dreary ;
It rains, and the wind is never wer.ry ;
The vine still clinprs to the mouldering wall,
But at evrry gust the dead leaves fall,
And the day is dark and dreary.
My life is cold, and drk, and dreary ;
It rains, and the wind i iever wsary ;
My thoughts still cling to the mouldering
But the hopes of youth fll thick in the blast,
And the day3 tie dark end dreary.
D- still, sad heart, and cen?e repining ;
Behind he cloudi i tlie tun still shining;
Thy fate is the common late of till
Into each lire some rain must fall.
Some days must be dark aad dreary.
People tFien gay what they would do
ii they should find a gold mine, evidently
supposing that a man who find a gold
tiiiuo is made rich, of c.ur.e. 13ut thi$,
it appears, is uot always the case. Nei
ther the man who discovered gold in
California, nor the mau upon whose land
it was discovered,- has been benefited by
it. On the contrary, the discovery ru
ined them, both, and both are to-day poor
John A. Sutter, the son of Swim pa
rente, was born in 1803, ac Baden, where
he was reared and expensively educated.
In early life he obtaiutd a commission in
the French army, in which he roe to the
rauk of captain, and remained in the ser
vice until he was thirty years of ae. A
number of his Swis friends and relations
in 1&33 formed a company with a view to
emigration to ome part of ths TTnited
State suited to wino-rowing, and they
elected Captain Sutter to go to America
and choose a lucaiion for the colony, lie
arrived in New York, upon this emoi,
in July, 1834.
I'rueeeiitijr to the State cf Missouri,
he chose a place for the colony in c region
unpopulated, if indeed it had been ex
plored, and he wan making preparations
fur th Ci-miu ot his friend, when a sad
mishap frustrated the enterprise. Cap
tain Sutter brought with him a consider
able capital, with which he was tt begin
a pettleroeiit. erect bull Jinir, and jet a
piece ot lai d under cultivation U 'or-
rjii&tcry, a stetJiDoat louced with mipis-
meets aud store-, timber.
materials lor the pr. jected establishment,
was suuk in the Mis-issppi, and proved
total lots, llein j thus compelled to post
pone tho scheme colonization, and
being of in adventurous turn of mind, he
made a tour in New Mexico. There he
met some hunter and trappers who had
visited Upper Caiiioriiia, ai d they gave
him fruch w flatteriuir description of that
beautiful and romantic country thai he
determined to go thither himself.
In March, 1838, he joined a party of
toe American Fur Coinpai-y, and traveled
with them to thr; ltvoiy Mountains, end
tnei.c", with hix mounted men, he crossed
the Ititige, eid made his wuy to Fort
Vai c mvur, in Ort'uu. A-i there was no ot etiiuj; d irfn the coat to Culi-!-;rt:ia,
tie took pa-s in a Vissel hound
to the Sandwich Inland-. At Honolulu,
he wuiifd live muntiis, during; which nub
not a single ve-tl sailed for Sin Fratiei.
c. lie 1 Lea accepted h Mtuatioo as su
percargo in a ct-ci which was in laud
stores at Sitka, aa i.-lat d which lor-i-purt
cf what was till recently llasian
Amcrici, but which, it is presumed, will
sot:u rejoie in another name. Fron Sit
ka, the vessel prDceedod ul jng tl:e coast,
and wuj driven into the port of Sau Frati
cifCO in distress.
Captain Sutter announced his intention
to remain in the country to the Mexican
Governor, from whom he obtained a grant
ot laud. After many adventure aud an
taliz n. drlays, he iabdtd a rctioouer-Ioad
ot thee on the Sacraiueuto river, nejr
tha rite oi the present city ot Sacramento,
a id theic bfgun to build the stockade
afterwards so tamous as Sutter's Fort.
lie was then thirty-six yer of age, and
had been iu Amtiica five years. His
colony consisted of six white men, adven
turers from different parts of the world,
and eight Indiaus. Ic the following
year, eight more white men joined him,
o that the population of the district con-ti.-ted
of fourteen white men, eight friend
ly Indians, and some hundreds of roving
ravages. Every season, however, brought
in a few recruits.
The colony prospered. Besides culti
vating the soil, Captain Sutter and his
comrades seut bides to San Francisco for
exportation to ihe United States, and the
port became a depot of furs purchased
irom the wandering trappers and hunters.
The land trranred to Captain Sutter con
sisted of eleven square leagues, aud he
uamed his settlemeL't New Helvetia.
Many a woru, starving baud of emi
grants from thy Uuiied States were re
lieved and entertained at Capt. Sutter's.
Oue example of this hospitality tells us
of a terrible story of the bufferings eudu
rcd ac that day iu crossing the plaius. A
man came in 'one morning and reported
that his comrades were some miles JLstant
in tbe desert country, diugw starvation.
Sutler instantly loaded a tew of his best
mules with provisions and despatched
thm to the relief of the perishing band.
under the uiJaice ot two Indiana. The
starviu party was so large that the pup-
pues were lUaumcicDt. Alter cuiuinirj:
the r rovisious, they kilted the mules and
ate thfiu, then they killed the two Indians
and devoured them, and even after that,
when gome of thtir own cumber fell ex
hausted, i hey ate them. This is almost
too much for belief, but it is related upon
the authority of Mr. Edward Dunbar,
who had the story from Captain Sutler
The war in Mexico ended with our ac-qui-ifion
of California. Asearly as March,
1847, the flig of the United S'ates floated
over San Francisco, and troops of the
United States garrisoned the town.
In 184S, Captain Sutter waa the owner
of eleven leagues of land, upon which he
had erected various costly improvements,
tic had a flour-mill supplied by a mill
race three miles lou:, winch had cot
iwentv-five thousand dollars, lie had
expended ten thousand dollars in the erec-j
tion of a saw-mill. One thou?and acres j
of bis land was verdant with youni! wheat,
. .. . , , . - i
ile owned cieht thousand cattle, two
thousand heep, and onj thousand hogs.
Besides possessing all this property, he
had been appointed Alcalde of the district
by Commodore Stockton, and Iudian agent
by Gen. Kearney. He was monarch of
all he surveyed, and was held iu high re
spect, both by his colonists, and by the
United States officers statioued iu the
Territory. This wag Sutbsr's position on
the day gold was discovered on his land.
One ut the men iu bis employment was
James V. Marshall, a native of New Jer
sey, who, after long wanderings on the
FaCtfic coast, had enlisted uuder General
Fremont in the California battalion, from
which, at the close ot tbe war, he wa9
honorably discharged. As he was an ex
cellent mechanic, it c obtained employment
from Captain Sutter. It was he who su
perintended the building of the saw-mill
just mentioned, which was situated at a
point forty miles east ot Sutter's Fort.
In. January, 18'48, the mill being nearly
completed, they had begun t j eaw timber,
James Marshall being the superintendent.
In the evening ot February I'd, 1S4S,
James Marshall suddenly rode into, the
fort his horse foaming, and both horse
and rider spattered all over wih mud.
The mju was laboring under wild cscite-uic-ut-
lectin;; fjaplai'i Sutter, lie asked
to be conducted to a room wnere they
cjoid converse al.tue. Tne astonished
Sutter complied with hisdtsire, and they
euterea a s
:artiueut. Marshal!
ciosed thy d ior, and a-ked Captain Sutter
it he was certain they wers sale lroin in
trusion, and begged him to ljck the door.
The honest i-utttr began to think the man
was mad, and was u little alarmed at the
idea ot being locked in with a maniac.
He assured Marshall that they were &afe
from interruption. Satisfied at length
upon this point, he took irom his pocket
a pouch, from which he poured upon the
table half a thimbleful ol yellow grains of
metal, with an exclamation that he thought
they were gold.
Where did you get it V asked Cnpt.
Marshall replied that ca-ly that com
iuir, the water heinj; shin oil iioiu the
mid-race, as usual, lie noticed, in passino
aloug, ktiiniiig psriich's t-cuticred about
the bottom. He picked up several, and
Sudiug t hem to be metal, the thought had
burst upon his mind that they m-ght be
gold, llaviog gathered about an ounce
ot them, he had mounted his horse and
ridden about forty miles to impart tho
uiornentou secret to his employer, ar.d j
bring tho yelIov eubatituce to some scien-!
iitic test. i
Capt. Sutter was at first disposed to
laugh at his excited friend. Auung his
stores, lie happened to have a bottle of
aqua-fortis, and the action of this p wer- I
ful acid upon tho yellow particle at once
proved tiiem to be pure gold.
Tbe excitement ot this m ment cm hi
imagined. Marsh mil proposed that Capt.
Sutter should immediately mount aud
ride back with him to the saw mill; but,
as it was raining hard, the night dark,
aud the mU forty miles distaut, Captain
Sutter prelerrcd to wait till daylight.
Marshall, however, could uot be restrain
ed. He ret out immediately on his return.
At the dawn of day, Sutter started, and
when he was within teu miles of the saw
mill he saw before him, coming out of
some bushes, a dark obj -ct, which ho
took 10 bo a grizzly bear, but it proved to
be James Marshall.
What are you doing here?" asked
Marshall replied that he had been to
the saw mill, but was so impatient to
see the captain, that h had walked back
ten miles to me?t him. They went on
together to the mill and fouud all the
laborers picking up tho shining particles
from the boitoui of the race. Captain
Sutter did not relish the prospect. He
soon satisfied himelt that gold, in con
siderable quantities, existed in the neigh
borhood, but as the harvest was coming
I on. aud some of his improvements were
untir.ished, he leared lest lus men suouiu
have him in the lurch and go to gold
digiug Calling Lis men, around him,
he xplaiued his situation, and they
agreed to kfep the matter a secret for
rix weeks, wheo the harvest would be
gathered. Bat such a becret cannot bo
kept. A teamter, going from the mill
to ibe fort, aud wishing something to j
drink, went to a store and a'sked for a
ootue oi wiu-ky. As the teamster a
credit was not hiyh in the country, the
storekeeper intimated that whisky wos a
cah article. The tipin pail he had plenty
of money, and immediately showed pome
grains of the precious metal which he
had brought from .the saw mill. The
etorekeeper having satisfied him-elt that
the yeliow particles were indeed gold,
supplied the whisky, at the fame time
hewing the man to tell where he jrnt it
The teamster, at first, refused to reveal
the secret, but the whisky soon unloosed
his tongue and he related the whiL -7.-j
The ruh that followed is well known, i
All California hurried to the spot. Sut
ter's harvest was never gathered. His
oxen, hos and sheep were stolen by
hungry men and devoured. No hands
culd be procured to ruu ;he mills. His
lands were tquatted upon and dus over.
and he wasted his remaining substance
io fruitless litigation to recover it. To
carry on a legal warfare he was compelled
-c . r , "
to sacrifice or mortgage the parts of his
estate not seized by the gold diggers ; un
til little by little, his magnificent property
melted away, and he is Dow, at the age of
sixty-four, all but destitute. For one item
he has paid during the last ten years, iu
counsel fees and legal expenses, one hun
dred and twenty-five thousand dollars.
As for poor Marihall, (who claims to
be a great grandson of a signer of the
Declaration of Independence,) ha was one
of the unsuccessful diggers. He was
reduced to extreme poverty. Two or
three years ago, however, he obtained a
warrant for a tract of land io California,
to which his services in the Mexican war j
entitled him, upon which he began the j
culture ot grapes. In this business he
has had some success and his prospects
are fair for a secure and honorable old
His little farm is situated not far
from the spot where ntneteeu years as;o
he rained himself by discovering a gold
A .Steam Maa.
The following story of a remarkable
mechanical invention is told by the New
ark (N. Advertiser:
"Mr. Zadcck Deddrick, a Newark ma
chinist, has invented a man one that,
moved by stsam, will perform some of the
most important functions of humanity;
that will, standing upright, walk or run,
a3 he is bid, in any directiou, and at
almo-t any rate cf tpeed, drawing after
him a load whose weight would tax the
strength of
three stout draught-hore.
The hktcrv of
this curious invention is
as follows : Six years ago, Mr. Deddrick,
the inventor, who is at present but twenty-two
years ot age, conceived the novel
idea ct cons-trncting a man that should
receive its vitality from a perpetual-motion
machine. The idea was based on the well
known mechauica! principle that, it a
heavy weight be placed at tbe top of an
upright slightly inclined irom a vertical,
gravitation will lend to produce a horizon
tal as well as vertical motion. The
project wa-? nut suc;css!ul. However, by
observing careiuily the cause of the tail
ure, preserving and perfecting the man
Jurm, and by tubstiiuung st?am in p'ace
ut the perpetual motion machine, the pre
sent tuece-s was attained.
"The man stands seven feet aud nine
inches high, the other diii:rnsions of the
body being correctly proportioned, makiug
him a second Daniel Lambert, by which
name he is facetioU&'y pokn of among
the workmen. Ii? wesgns uve nunuieu
pounds. S earn is gem-rated in the body
or trunk, winch is nothing but a three
horse power etigiuc, like those used in our
tteaui fire engines. The legs which sup
port it aie complicated aud wonderful.
The steps are takeu very naturally and
quitb easily- As the body i throwu for
ward upon the advanced too', the other is
lifted Irom the ground by a spring and
thrown forward by theatea-a. Uch step
or pace advances the body two feet, and
every revolution of the engine produces
lour paces. As the engine is capable of
making more than a thouan'l revolutions
a minute, it would get over the ground,
on this calculation, at the rate of a little
more than a mile in a minute. As this
would be working the legs faster thn
would be safe on uneven ground or 00
Broad street cobble stones, it is proposed
to run the engine at the rite of five hun
dred revolutions per minute, which would
walk the man at the modest speed of half
a mile a minute.
"The fellow is attached to a common
Ilockaway carriage, the shafts cf which
serve to support him in a vertical posi
tion. These shafts are two bars of iron,
fastened in the usual manner to tbe front
of the carriage, and are curved so a3 to be
joiued to a circular sustai"ing bar, which
nasses around tbe waist, like a girth, and
in which the aian moves so as to face in
any direction. Besides these motions,
machinery has been arranged by which
the figure can be thrown backward or for
ward from a vertical nearly forty-five de
grees. This is done in order to enable it
to ascend or desceud all grades. To the
soles of tho feet spikes or corks are fixed
which effectually prevent slipping. The
whole affair is eo firmly sustained by tbe
shafts, aud has so excellent a foothold,
thnt two men sro unable to push it orer
or in any way throw it d.iwn. In order
to enable it to stop quickly, it is provided
with two appliances, one ot which will, as
before stated, throw it backward from the
vertical, while the other bends the knees
in a direction opposite to the natural po-t-itiun.
'An upright po?t, which is arranged in
front of the dash-board, aud withia easy I
reacn or tne Iront Feats, sustains two
miniature pilot wheels, by the turning of
which these various motions and evolu
tion; are directed. It is expected that a
fjfnciently lare amount ot coal can be
ftowed away under the ba?k peat of the
arriase to work the engine f.r a day, and
enough water in a tank, under the front
seat to last hall a dav.
"In order to prevent the 'giant from
frightening horses by its wonderful ap
pearance, Mr. Deddrick intends to clothe
it and "ive it as nearly as possible a like
ness to the rest of humanity. Tne boiler
and such parts as are unnecessarily heat d
will be encased in felt or woolen under
garments. Pantaloons, coat, and vest, of
the latest styles, are provided.
the fires need coalirg, which 13 every two
or three hours, the driver stops the ma
chine, descends from his seat, unbuttons j
'Daniel's' vest, onens a door, shovels in
the fuel, buttons up the vest, arid drives
on. On the back, between the shoulders,
the eteum cocks and gauges are placed.
As these would cause the coat to set awk
wardly, a knapsack has been provided
that completely covers them. A blanket
neatly rolled up and placed 00 the top of
the knupsack perfects the delusion. Tne
face is moulded into a cheerful counte
nance of white enamel, which contrasts
well with the dark hair aud mustache. A
sheet-iron hat with a gauge top acts as a
The cost of the 'first man' 13 $2,000,
though the makers expect to manufacture
succeeding ones, warranted to run a year,
for SoOO. The same parties expect to
construct, on the same principle, horses
which will do the duty of ten or twelve
ordinary animals ot the same species
These, it is confidently believed, can be
used alike before carriages, etreet cars,
and ploughs. The man now constructed
can make his way without difficulty over
any irregular surface whose ruts and stones
are not more than nine inches below or
above the level ot the road "
Letter from Kansas.
Leavsnwoktu, Jan. 8, 1SGS.
To the Editor vf The AlUghaniin :
The long looked for settlement of the
Indian question has been finally, and yet
only partially, reached, lac people oi
Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Montano
have been for some time past regaled with
the spectacle of some two dozen officers,
clerks, and Indian agents fluctuating be
tween here and Fort Laramie and Omaha,
and al-o between here and Medicine
Creek Lodge, for the purpose of patching
up a temporary treaty with the savage In
diau tribes infesting the western portion
of this State. Alter distributing the
usual supply of powder, guns, blanket-.
&c, the grand pow-wow finally culminated
in the tribes signing the treaty of peace,
which wa but a day or two alter violent
ly broken by the inhuman massacre by
the savages of three white men cn their
wjy acr.-ss the plains. Such is tho way
in which the ''noble red ma " observes
hii obligations entered into with the Gov
ernment, and although he may be corn
para'ively quiet during the winter, yet as
soon as the first grass comes in the spring
will his "killing season" commence, to be
prosecuted with more vigor and relentless
ncss than ever. Thee Indian troubles
nre a severe blow to the prosperity of our
State, acd, 1 have no doubt, were the
means of deterring twenty-five thousand
immigrants from coming heie la-t year.
The Pacific Railroad, Eastern Division,
is progressing splendidly. Trains are
now running to Hays city, which is prob
ably the "faste-t" place in the VW.'
Here during the seasou cf 'C will ca
centrate all the immense traEjjrting bus
iness of New Mexico, Colorado, Montano,
and part of Oregon, and lubor and capital
will be in great demand.
Quite a number cf Cambrian are loca
ted in and around this ceighborbjod.
Among o'hers are E F. Lytic, wh j b in
the employ of the Pacific' IViilr-ad at
Kansas city, Mo., and M. S. Ilarr, who i
engaged iu farming iu the interior cf the
The weather here ha3 been the mildest
type of Indian summer. Snow almost
unknown. Kaw.
Among the many things which time
has bro-ight to light, 'm the answer to the
oti-repeatcd inquiry, 'who killed Brad
dock?" Daring that memorable re'reat
of the British and provincial troop,
Braddock ordered that his troops fchould
not protect themselves behind trees. One
Jacob Fauett presumed to disobey this
order, when Braddo-jk in a passion ctruck
him with his sword. Tom Fauett, who
was but a hort distance from his brother,
paw tho whole transaction and immediately
shot the General through the 1-ogs. Hon.
A. Stewart, of Unioatowo, Pennsylvania,
6iv his father often heard Fausett
acknowledge his. After Braddock fell,
his bjdy was carried by the troops for
f.ur day?, when he expired. H9 was
interred in the middle of the road so tht
all of the soldiers, pa.n.ns n.l Ur...
. r j " v- ' ui o
mipht pass over and obliterate all vestises
of his grave from the eyes of the savages.
About twenty-nine years ago some laborers
who were repairing the road, camo upon
the remains, and taking a number of the
most prominent bones, re-interred the
others. Some time afterwards the scat
tered bones were collected and Kent to
Peal's Mnseutn, wh:ch was in Philadel
phia at that time. Urtddock's grave is
in Fayette county, this State, and mark
ed by a plain shingle nailed to a tree,
where part of the bones are interred.
This U the only monument which serves
to point cut to the traveler the lat rest
" place of the proud and brave but
unfurtutiate victim of Indian warfare.
Tbe U. s. Supreme Court.
There are at present cicht judges-of
le Supreme Court of the United Stare.
me supreme Uourt of the United State,
wno rank as lol.owa : Chief Justice, Sal
mon P. Chase, Ohio; Asociate Judges,
Nathan Clifford, Maine, Samuel Nelson.
New lerk. Robert 0- Grier, Pa., David
Davis, Illinois, Noah W. Swavne. Ohio.
Samuel F. Miiler. Iowa, and Stephen J.
Field, California. The Chief Jutica h.t
a (-alary of $b500 per annum ; e3ch As
sociate Justice ha-i a salary of SO 000.
The ages of these judges are as follows :
Chase, sixty ; Grier, seventy two on the
5th of March, 18GS; 31iHer, forty-one;
Clifford, Mxty-five on the ISth of August,
18GS; Nelson, about seventy; Field,
forty-five; Davis, sixty; and Swayoe,
about fifty-five.
Of these men, Chase, Miller, Swnyne,
Davis, and Field, were appointed by Liu
coln, Grier by Polk, Clifford by Buchan
an, and Nelson by Buchanan or Pierce.
The Democratic partisans are Nelson and
Clifford; Justice Grier, claimed on the
same tide, gave several opinions during
the war that showed him to be a true
patriot. Of the five judges appointed by
Lincoln, Mr. Field is accepted as a recon
structed Johnsonian ; Mr. Davis as a very
moderate Kepublican, whose name ha
lateiy been mentioned as a Conservative
candidate for President; while Messrs.
Chase, Swayne, and Miller are avowed
members cf the Bepubiican party. The
son, io 1S35, has reduced the number to
eight, and also deprived the Republicans
of a vote on all test questions. Though
a Southern Democrat, Justice Wayne
was a true patriot, and generally acted
with Chase and Swayne. He was a gen
uine Jackson man, and having fought the
nullificrs Irom 1S30 to 1834, he could
not lie down with the traitors in 180164.
The vacancy cannot be filled by Andrew
Johnson in consequence of an act of
Congress providing for the reduction o
the members of this court to seven mem
bers. Terms C'ali.
Bonifaces are more subject to imposi
tion from petiDilos traveler? than ny
other c'ais cf purveyors. The Vallejo
landlord', in order to insure themselves
against loss from this class of customer?,
have adopted the rule cf requiring pay
ment for dinner immediately upon the
delivery ot the plate of soup. The other
day, a fraudulent genius entered one of
these hotels and called for dinner. He
was astonished to see the waiter approach
him with a plate of roup in one hand, a
towel in the other, and a large family sy
ringe under his arm. The waiter laid
the plate of soup in front of tbe customer,
and significantly placed the palm of bis
right hand under his noe. The hungry
one modestly inquired the meaning of this
"Pay ic adrance !" was the terse and
peremptory language of the waiter.
'Can't you wait till I get through my
meal, first V
-Nn, eir. Our rules are positive. Oa
delivery of the oup cash."
Singular promptitude," he muttered.
Then, reddening with indignation, he
said "I suppo-e if I don't pay up, you'll
brain me with that bludgeon pump of
yours :
'Not at all, sir. Through thi instru
ment, we secure our business on a cash
basis. Your money, if you pleas-e. 1"
He thought, he had the dead-wood cn.
soup anyhow, aud dipped his spoon for
the first mouthful. Before tb 6poon
reached the broth, however, he was trans
fixed at seeing the waiter coolly introduce
the point of his syringe into the plate,
and pulling the suction handle out to its
fullest extent, the soup suddenly disap
peared, leaving his plate a -mpty as his
stomach. He turned around, but he
waiter had passod to another cu-tomer,
and our lriend left tho establishaeat ia
''"Wire," said a man looking for his
boo'jack, "I have plices for my thing",
and you ought to know it." ''Yes," ws
the reply, "I ought to know where yoa
keep your late hours, but 1 don't."
An editor became martial, and was
created captain of a company. Oa pa
rade, instead of "two paces front ad
vance I" he bawled cut, "e&idi, two dollar
rc&r in a2v&co V
lull nuniDer ot fcuprtme Judges 13 nmet
but the death ol lion. James M. YVavne,
ol Georgia, appointed by President Jack
0 0