Newspaper Page Text
" . . . . .
AR OF THE
TRUTH AND RIGHT GOD AND OUR COUNTRY.
BLOGMSBURG, COLUMBIA CO., VA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13,1867.
VOL. XXX-loL" scn,cs
TATEMENT OF Till
C'ountj- of Columbia, from llic
1st tlay of Jan. ISGtt, to the
1st day or Jan. 1S07.
I Tlis Auditors elected to petl'e anil adjust th pub
! "count of Col mi bm County, respectfully beg
i-n :o leport lh.it they have i-xaininrd ihe game
J nun tlii" tirol tiny of Jun. A.D. ane thousand eight
Hundred anil suty-slx. to ma nrst any or Jan. A.IJ
one thousand eisht hundred anil sixty-seven, and
respectfully lay before lh" Honorable Judges of tlia
I . (Mill of Common fleas or suid County, the follow-
njr statement anil report. agreeably to the '2.M -rc
turn, of tlic Art at teneral Aasembly of .ibis Com
liion wraith, pa .-nod the 4lli day of April. Al. 1S34;
. JOHN J. 8TU.E.. Treasurer of Columbia County,
in ajcoum vum saiu ccumy.
18CG, Jan. 1st. To amount outstanding for
18ti5. and previous years : j347 SI
Amount lash received of Daniel M'llenrv.
Jnta Treasurer, a per Auditor's
do cash received of Daniel M'llenry,
late- Treasurer, for soni.ry taxi'
Feb. 5, rash of (Samuel Kelchner, rf llriar
Creek township, for keeping Cathe
Feb cash of H. J. Reader, for plink,
Jeb'.ftt cash of William Uwlun, lund re
deemed, ' April 35 rasa of Joseph Mosteller, for
Way 10 cash of Sauinol Snyder. Sheriff1,
riwliaciii suit ol the County rn.
Wm. JStetter, collector of Coiiyny
limit tnwnsh jo.
131-2 St i
f 0 u
June to anion 1. 1 of County tax a.ises4cd
June 22 cash of George Ilidlay, laud re-
. - deemed,
Aug. cash received for taxes on sealed
and unsealed landa rulurned.
Kept. 4 cash of Samuel Kelchner, of Briar
Crick lwp.lor keeping Catharine
Oct. To ani't ten day assessment in Uor.
Dec. ID Jury let s and fines of Jesse
To rash of dog tax fund paid asses-
sort for.lMMi, SO (Ml
Aaunaiit outstanding, balance, V0 lio
T suudry taxes, t;99 O'J
' 5 J--01U 57
By amount nntrtaniling (or JdGG and pra-
' Tious yesr. $53.15 4
By exonorations allowed coldKtnrs Iti4 X
Ily Uomuiissions loon 50
i y ami f County orders redeemed. 17703 4 I
By Treasurer's tunnim-iou 4 uii $l5J0i 3i
at lour ler cent. . or. no
ly balance due county, -Vi 7
JOIIM J. STILES. Treasnrer 01 Columbia Coumy,
in accvuul wild the tax on dog.
Am't outstanding for 1-5 and pierieus y'rs, $-?!9 OP
T un.-e-i-eil for ld-4, J5.VJ 50
du Ticujurtr, 515 51
Amount outstanding and unc 'II'TteJ,
' r;xinerations allowe.l collector,
- r-h-e d.Tiiinjre, orders redeemeil.
- Paid as'rs f r aeiueul of iio
ax lor the year l-'l'0,
Treasurer's commission on $1412 75
V EXPENDITURES. ,"U'
AUDITORS' AND CLERK'S PAY.
A mount paid Auditor's and Clerk. $id 00
to Wirt nudum. Prothlonotary anj
ilegiater'a acsouiu, 15 0-1
ft HI (HI
Am't paid assessors for spring assessment,
Am't paid David Savage, bride in Ben Km,
W. A. Kile, l-'ishif.ccreck
v M - m gugarloal",
F. L- t'human Frauklm,
44 i 51
lb '2 .15
D RIDGE HEPAII.S.
Am't paid John Herner.
'Aaron Kester for plank
" F. Ilartuinii
F tunnel Applecian
M. C Woodward
John Eysr m
, I'hilip Crawford for stone
" William liver
Josiali 11. t'urinan
Am't paid for blank books for FfU.oiiolary
and Re inter
Am't paid sundry persons lrf materials far
mssed and wor to '
for repairs at Cou't House and
during tlie year blc.
. ' ' $773 07
CLhA NIN or COURT HOUSE.
Amount pa a to sundry persons $10 00
C MTPI0NER ATTOR NEY;
Am't to W. vVirt Coniniisioiiets Attorney $"i0 CO
Am't to Moses- Coffman for the year ieiH $57 50
.m't to lbs Several Constables during year $IC7 43
Am't dmiJ to sundry oerons 407 3J
COMMISSIONERS AND CLERK.
Am'l naid T. J. Vnnderslice C'ouiuiission.'r 258 00
; Allen Mann " 2'm! 0.1
, Joha P Fowler " 00
Montoniery Cole " 24 (Kl
K.:. Frnlt Clrk 6sl 00
.. (' .. expenses tJ liartisburz lii 00
t DISTRICT ATTORNEY,
Am't paid F.. " M'tle late District Attorney
Aui'l paid sundry persona for spring election 304 CO
- . iir ruur uousc
and general election
Am't for eoal and wood for Court House aad
FOX 'AND WILD CAT SCALPS.
Amount to sundry persons 20
Am't of staptonery Ire., for court.
Anil to Lycoming Mutual Insurance Co.
Ami to S. O. Quirk Esq.. on O. Walters
to Wm. M. Hoastand on TI109 Divine
to J. B. Case M.U. examining body of
tain net Warance at iu'i'iest
JURORS WAGES AND MILEAGE.
Am't to Jurors at the several courts during
the year . ,
'Am't paid to Dr. F. C. Uarrisio, attendance
on prisoners .
Amount paid Jesse Coleman Preth'y
Amount to- W. . Jscoby
to J. 5 tanilers
fo L. 1- Tate .
to P. Johu
Amoual paid D." A. Beckley, P M.
Amt E.S. Penitentiary, supporting convicU, ,422 91
Amt (Slate Luaal ic .Hospital for tJS support
of Caliianue Suit 157 95
! ' '. ' : . ' ' . j " i 5 3M 88
ROAD AND BRIDGE VIEWS.
Am i Eucdry periods Toad and brid'S views 150 00
K0AD "DAMAGES. '
do J. W. Eck, Rriarrreck Township,
do ' P. A. Bowman do do
d Andrew Fr-iM do do
do V. B. bobbins Greenwood twp,
D M 00
Ain't paid Samuel ayder for boarding
do conveying Nathaniel Terry to t lie
House of rpftiiru and Isaac Wi'd to
thr E, 3. Tenitenimry
do conveying Ahrah-tui Pealer to the
K. a. i'enilenliary
Aui't paid to sundry p'rsunn to wit .
Hi iartrcex do
104 i ll
STATE 110 AD.
Ain't paid Inyins out JM.-ue Road thornsh Co
lumbia and Luzerne Counties
Am't paid at the serral courts
Am't of road, schiM4, poor anil countv taxes
refunded by the several towuship
Am't nf orders issued for the year 16CG
Deiiui t a m't of beep orders issued
fur Hie yenr 1'irt 1576 71
tuxes refuudej to towiivliips l.U)
Actual exp.-nses for yar 13'iti
We the undersixned Aiditor 'of Columbia county.
beinz duly elected to adjut and grille the accounts
ol the Treasurer an! Coinuiissiouers. do cert ily tiia-
we met at the ntlire or the I'o umissioners in llloomst
hurg. and carefully examined the accounts and
voueliT of the same from the 1st day 01 January.
A.I. IrilMi. to the lei day of January, lJt7. and find
them correct as sitt tortli in th ; foreionii slaleiiieut.
and we find a balance due Columbia County of two
thousand eigh hundred and eighty-two dollars and
seventy six cenU, (J i-M5 70) from JOilN J.di'lLKS,
t reasurer l sai l e untv.
I.ivt-u umler our handthi4 eighth ! iv "( Janu.i'V.
A .1) , one thousand eiQt bWidred and sixty-sevou.
UAMEL I.EK. Clerk
UAMKL SHVUBE )
I.. II. n l! PERT. County Auditots.
JOHN P. HA NOV. S
We ill. uiidi!rsisned. CouiinisM.iiier? of Columbia
( i)'iiily, do Ceitiiy that the foreeo'ng is a rurrert
statement of the accounts ol said 'Jouuly forllio Year
Witness our bauds, Jan.?. lt"o7.
. AI.UN .VI AW.
J. F. FOWL Ell. ICoiuui'rs.
Approved by lift Court. F-i 4. IdtiT.
1RAM PE1U. ( ... .,,.
I'. K. UEttbLUN. Ass. Judges.
BijOmsbur", Feb. 6. 107. J
auy JJow jjost, Jioic jiesiorcu.
TT T . T r ft f
Jnsl Published, a new edition of
Da. CITI.VERWF.I.L'S Celebrated Essay on the rad
ieal cure (without medirineji.f Speruiaton lioea, Sem
inal Wenknes. Involuntary r"enunal Losses. Impn
tenry Mental and Physical Inrapacity, Impediment
to Marriage, etc. ;sl-o Con -uni.tiou, Lpili psy. and
Fits induced by celf-ludulgence or Sexual eilruvu
ganre. (TT Priee, in a sealed envelope, only 6 cents.
The celebrated author it this adinirab'e essay
clearly demonstrates, troni a thirty years' sucees
lul practiee, ihst the alanrine rnsequ:ui-es of self
ahuse. may be radical'y cured without the dang cl
ous use of internal medicine er the application of
the kn'le pointing ont a mode of cure at onee sim
ple, certain, anr. ell"eitu:i!, by nieaiis of which every
utferer. no iifiacr what his condition may b... may
cure himself cheaply, privately, and radically.
HJP Tln- lecture siiou'd b: in the bauds of every
yontli a;.d every man in the land.
Sent, un Jer a eal, in a plain envelope, to any ad.
dres. ptiil ytid, on receipt of six ceuis, or Imu post
Address tbo publishers.
t:il A3 J. C. KMNE 4c CO,
127 Rowery, New York, PostOtfic: b x, 45c0.
Dec, ID, I M ai.
"TMBKIJ ! LUMBKIl ! !
'pilli II LOO l -J K C R ( l.Olr!ERlNG COMPANY.
1 would respectfully iuturui the public that they
now in operation wi'.li an extensive assortment ol
and are now prepared to supply alt orders at short
notice and at Ibe lowest prices for cash, 1 heir j
fcorliueril ol lumber consists of
While Sinc i'lanL, rSoai(!,
Flooring, Snriace -Hoards,
idiii, flciialock I'laiil.
landed or unplaned. to tuit purchaaeis Franw- Bluff.
Joiie and .si antli:.g of al sizes. Their I'lauing .VI ill
and LiMiiher Yard is situatej it the UailrOad Depot,
very conveniently for shippinc lu nbor by lb carg".
1 hey are constantly iiianutm tnriiic lumber nf u II
kinds, and persons who desire lumber of every de
scription will do well to ex inline their st'H:k before
purchasing elsewhere. They are determined and em
inently prepared to sell as cheap as the cheapest.
1 he y ajro desire 10 iiiloriii the public and especially
those w no wish to purchase hi 'I -stud that they have
one Mill specially prepared to cut limbers of almost
evary size and length required. Tnose wishing to
builil or contractors fur building, cau save money, by
giving us a t all.
The undersigned would also announce that they
are prepared to do all kind of repairing of Machinery,
sueh as Threshing .Machines. Mowers, Kenpers and
all kinds of agricultural iuipleutculs, uj.ou reasona
Address, F. C. EYER. Sec'y.
Rlooiusburg, Sept. t'J, lHf6. Uloomsbiirg . Pa.
D'EPINEUIL & EVANS,
Civil Engineers and Patent Solicitors.
No. 4:15 WAI.NlT STREET-, rii.LADtLriiii.
PATENTS solicited Consultations on Eusinecrin g
Draughting and Sketches. Models and Machinery
f a'l kinds madk and skil'ully attended to. Specinl
attention given to REJECTED CASES and INTER
FERENCES. Authentic Copies of all Documents
from Patent Office procured. . .
N n. save yourselves useless trouble ana trav
eling expenses as there is no artuai need for person
al Interview with us. All business will! tli':sc uni
ces can be transacted in writing. For further in for.
unit inn direct as above, witU stamp enclosed for Cir
cular with relerences.
April 18, ldtid. ly, J W.
JEW HAIR DRESSING SALOON...
A New Hair Cutting, Shaving, and Dying Saloon.
bas been opened in the rear of Hunsbergcr's Tobac
co Ptore, Rloomsburg. where all kinds of work in
the bartering line will be neatly and promptly at
tended to Being on Me same sidi fT the street with
alllbn Hotels, there is no need of crossing th street.
through the m id, to ret to the shop.
IJair work manufactured to oraer. i.aaies wisntng
their hair dressed in Water fat', or otherwise, with
or without crimp, will b attended to by a lady, in
Zj Remember the place , Mam atret, rear or
Qunsberger's Tobacco tjtore.
JUMBER ! LUMBER !
A new Lumber Yard in Jlloomxliury,.
TUB undersigned would respectfully inform those
in wint of lumber that be continues to manufac
ture and keeps on baade good .supply of building
aud fencing ui.teri.it, at his residence, a short dis
lanee norla of the depot, which he offers for sale, at
ren-ona&ia rates. . . JACOU cChUYLCll.
Blooniyburg, June 20. I8G6.
ICU I ITCH ! ITCil! :.
SCRATCH ! SCRATCH T SCHATCH !
WH EATON'S OINTMENT
U ill Cure The Itcli iu IS Hours.
Also cures FALT RHEUM. Uls'ERS. CHIL
BLAINS, and all ERUPTIONS OF THE SKI. VrJe,
50 crnts. For sale by all Drurrists. By sending GO
cents to WEEKS 4k fOTTEtt Joi A reals, 17 Wash
ington street, Boston, it will bo forwarded by snail.
DEMOCRAT AND STAR,
PUBLTSITKD EVERY WEDNESDAY,
IN BLO0MSBURG, PA., BY
TERM.', f5 00 in advance. If not paid within
SIX MONTHS'. 5 cent additional 'will be charged.
No paper discontinued until all arrearages
are paid except at the op'ion of the editors.
IKK LtWES COMSTITOTK A SbOARS. I
One square 'ne or three Insertions $1 50
t-very subsequent insertion les tnan 13 50
BFACK. J. ii. 3t. Cm, It.
One square. S.ro I 3 00 4.00 I 6.00 10.00
Two squares, 3. Oo ' 5.o0 I'i.iK) 0.00 14.00
Three 5,0 t 7.00 f?.50 j P'.OO 1H.00
Foursquares, ti.ru H.00 10,iio M.oo 20.00
Halt eolumii, to.llo I 15.00 14.00 I Id 00 30 00
One column. 15, CO l(?00 20,00 ' 30.00 50,0,j
Exerntor'a and Administrator's Notice. ...
Other advertisements inserted aeeordins to suecia
Business notices, without advertisement, twentv.
ccr Is per line.
Transient advertisements pa vahte in adtance all
others do alter the first insertion.
VZr" Or MCE In Sbive's Ulock. Corner of M.iin
and Iron Streets.
Address. . JACOB Y 4l S HUM AN.
Uloomsbiirg, Columbia County, Pa
THE TWO AIOUCS.
As LifeVunending column pours,
Two marshalled hosts are seen,
Two armies oti the trampled shores
That Death flows black, between.
One marches to the drum-beat's roll,
The wide-mouthed clarion's bray,
And bears upon a crimson scroll,
"Our story is today."
One moves in silence by the stream,
t 1111 saa, yet watehlul eyes,
Calm as the paticut planet's gleam
That walks the clouded &kies.
Along its front no sabres shine,
No "blood-red pennons wave ;
I hs banners bear the single line,
"Our duty is to save.
For those no death-bed's lingering shade;
At Honor's trumpet-call,
With knitted brow and lifted blade
In G lory's arms they full.
For these no clashing falchions bright,
No stirring battle-cry ;
The bloodless stabber calls by night
Echo answers, "Here am 1 1"
For these the sculptor's laurelled bust,
The builder's marble piles,
"The anthems pealing o'er their dust
Through long cathedral aLles.
For these the blossom-sprinkled turf
That floods the lonely graves,
When Spring rolls in her sea-green surf
In flowery-foaming waves.
Two paths lead upward from below,
And angels wait above,
Wbo count each burning life-drop's flow,
Each falling tear of love.
Though from the hero's bleeding breast
Her pulses freedom drew,
Though the white lilies in her crest
Sprang from that scarlet dew
Vk hile valor's haughty champions wait
Till all their scars are shown,
Love walksunchallenged through the gate,
To sit beside the throue !
Voltaire cn 7TlanIagre.
Voltaire said : "The more married men
you have the fewer crimes there will le.
Marriage renders a man more virtuous and
unmarried man is but half a perfect being,
and it requires the other half to make things
right, and it cacnot be expected that in this
imperfect state he can keep the straight path
of rectitude no more than a boat with one
oar, or a. bird with one wing can keep a
In nine cases out of ten where married
men become drunkards, or where they com
mit crimes against the peace of the commu
nity, the foundation of these acta was laid
while in a single state, or w here the wife ii?,
ad .is sometimes the case, an unsuitable
match. Marriage changes the cuneiit of
man's feelings and gives him a centre for his
thoughts, his affections and his acts. Here
in a home for the entire man and the counsel
the affections, the example, and the inter
est of his "better-hair' keep him from erra
tic courses, and from falling into a thousand
temptations to which he would otherwise be
exposed. Therefore the friend to marriage
is the friend to society an4 hLj country."
- 4- 4- - - -
An Extraordinary Incident. An
Irishman, named Sheridan, who had served
in the Federal army, and who was returned
as dead in the battle of Bull Run (in which
he received no less than twelve wounds)
managed to recover, and at the close of the
war returned to this country and entered
the service of the Royal Humane Society.
After performing prodigies of valor the
other day, in finally attempting to rescue
another boy, he himself got under the ice
and was under water for several minutes.
On recovering his body it was pronounced
to be lifeless, and eent away with other
corpses to the dead house. And j et for the
second time Sheridan came back to life and
is now as well as ever.
A Hint. A city editor, who is a bache
lor having said in his last issue that he really
wL-lied he had a son, so that he could dress
him up in the fashions, was called upon the
next day by-his adorable, to whom he had
been paying his addresses for the last two
years, who asked him if he really said that.
"Ceitiinly I did, my dear." "Well, Jim
my," said she, ' Why Jon' t you make ar
ranjemaits for ont ?" Our friend wilted.
l$- "Tell the truth and shame the devil "
I know lots of people vqo can shame the
devil easy eouff but the tother thing both
ers them. Josh BilUng$.
SST" The first part of married life is the
Bhine of the honeymoon ; the rest, too often
a i:i:HA.iKiiLi: tiiio.
An Kn-rlislimaii's Idea or Jacli
moii, sLincoIii, and Johnson.
Among llie articles in BlaclctcooiT a Marj
azine, for November, is one under the Lead
of "Three PreiJenta of the United States,"
which is just now exciting much attention
in this country. The scope of the article
will be best understood by reference to its
opening paragraph, which is as follows:
By a remarkable coincidence, the greatest
dangers and difficulties of the American
Union have always lcfallen it during the
incumbency of the Presidential office by
men of humble origin, defective education
and unpolished manners. It has also hap
pened that these men have belied the fears
of the timid, and surpassed the expecta
tions of the hopeful, by the extraordinary
ability they displayed, and the combined
wisdom and audacity with which they steer
ed the ship of State through difficulties and
dangers which might have overpowered the
statesmanship of leaders with more cultivat
ed minds and less resolute convictions.
These men were Andrew Jackson, who be
gan life fatherless and penniless, glad to do
the meanest "chores" about a farm for bare
tmbsistenca ; Abraham Lincoln, a boatman
and splitter of logs ; and Andrew Johnson,
a journeyman tailor in a third-rate country
town. Jackson, throughout the whole of
his loug and brilliant career, never managed
to attain education enough to write a gram
matical sentence, and never read but one
book besides the Bible, and that was the
"Vicar of Wakefield." By dint of innate
energy and indomitable will, he rose from
the lowest to the highest estate, and was
successively day-laborer, pcdler, soldier, law
yer, shopkeeper, merchant, planter, judge,
senator, general and President of the Re
public. Abraham Lincoln rose by similar
means to the same height, and was also la
borer, petty trader, lawyer, member of the
House of Representatives, and President.
I .ike Jackson, he" had few advantages of
education ; read no books but law books and
the' Bible, except "Joe Miller's Jests" and
".Jvsop's Fables." He was blunt of speech
and ungainly in appearance; but by sheer
pertinacity of purpose and simple-minded
honesty he carried to victory the greatest
cause in which an American statesman was
ever engaged. Andrew Johnson, who now
occupies the perilous seat left vacant fur him
by the assassin's pistol, is a man in every
way as remarkable as Jackson or Lincoln for
the stubborn and victorious will which he
has displayed, for the natural gifts which
have enabled him to act a leading part in
the history of his country, and for the tre
mendous difficulty of the task which he has
to perform unless the lip bit that now shines
so brilliantly is to be darkened before its
noon, and he, one of the greatest of the
Presidents, is to be remembered amon? the
The author prefaces his idea of .Tack.con
a man whose memory is revered by all true
Americans by the remark that "personal
and intellectual culture are of little or no
advantage to an American politician ;" aud
that "provided they have courage, a clea
purpose, and the 'gift of gab,' without which
latter all other gifts are of no avail, the pol
iticians of America have little need for schol
arship. ' This has been more especially the
case during the last thirty-five years, during
which the disruption of the Union has al
ways been more or less a question in dispute
to embitter controversy, and to force the
strongest minds to take up position either
for or against it." He says the first six
Presidents of the United States were all
statesmen by training and capacity, and gen
tlemen by manners and cast of thought ;
that none of them by his personal character
inspired much popular affection, but all
commanded respect for their talents and
public services ; and that with John Quincy
Adams, the sixth President, the line of gen
tlemen and scholars was interrupted, and
with that of Andrew Jackson, the seventh,
that of the illiterate pioneers and working
men commenced. Having given his esti
mate of the American politicians and Pres
idents, we now give this Englishman's idea
of Jacksdu, Lincoln and Johnson in his own
language, not however, without protesting
against the gross injustice of his judgment
upon the private character and habits of
this remarkable trio :
- - JACKSOX,
the seventh President of the Republic a
profane swearer, a drunkard, aud a' bully,
yet a brave soldier, an able commauder, an
upright magistrate, and, when in the high
est place, a consummate statesman. He
was accustomed to a border life ; he had
fought the British in his early youth, the
wild Indians in his prime, and again, in ma
ture age, he had stiuggled against and de
feated the British at New Orleans. In ad
dition to all this public battle, he had done
an immensity of private fighting. He was
scarcely three months together out of a duel
or a street brawl. He had deliberately killed
one man for speaking disrespectfully of his
wife ; had quarreled with his best friends,
and transformed them into his bitter ene
mies. He was always armed and ready for
the fray He carried his life in the hollow
of his hand, ready to risk it all times against
the meanest foes for the smallest offences.
Though he. became a laVyer, he never knew
anything but the commonest rudiments of
the profession ; yet he knew enough to be
constantly employed in the simple but nu
merous causes of dispute that arose between
the quarrelsome backwoodsmen among whom
his lot was cast As a tradesman he was
shrewd and sagacious.
familiarly and affectionately named from his
toughness of character, had three hates (in
addition to the private ones, which were in
numerable) and a sh.gle love. Hesitated
debt, paper money, and the United States
Bank; and he loved, with a love unaltera
ble and unchangeable, with a love such as
only an Airorican can understand, the union
of the States ; the union that was to make
the Republic the first power in the world,
to spread itself over the whole continent,
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from the
Arctic sea to the Isthmus of Panama and
dearest and most ardently wished for con
summation of all, that was to domineer over
Great Britain, and press it down into the
second or third rank by an irresistible pre
ponderance. He had fought and bled for it
against foreign foes ; he was equally ready
to fight and bleed for it against domestic
enemies. How he conquered his favorite
aversion, the bank, and toppled it to the
ground, never to rise again how he kept
himself and the country out of debt and
how desperately he fought the battle of hard
money against paper, need not here bo re
counted. But how he struggled against dis
union, and gave it a blow from which it
never recovered until the election of Abra
ham Lincoln, twenty-eight years afterwards,
is part of our puriose to narrate for the
better comprehension of the tragic history
which is still enacting before our eyes, and
of which no one can foretell tho catastro
When secession at last was accomplished,
under circumstances far too recent and too
well-known to need re-capirufation, the South
was prepared at most points, the North at
none ; and a man was at the head of affair?,
who, on a hasty or sujerficial judgment,
might have been pronounced singularly in
efficient and unsuitcd for the task of coer
cion which cruel fate had thrust upon him.
Iiike his great predecessor, Jackson, he was
a man of the people, without culture or
mariners. Unlike Jackson, however, he had
the instincts, if not the education, of a gen
tleman was no rowdy, no drunkard no pro
fane swearer; but a plain, honest, quiet,
quaint, good man, with no strong will, but
with a very strong sense of duty. Jackon
cared little either for free trade or protection,
but he cared very much for the Union. In
like manner, Abraham Lincoln cared very
little for the negro and his freedom, though
he disliked slavery ; but he cared greatly
and with his whole heart and soul for the
Union. eak and irresolute as to the!
means to be pursued, ho was steady and
faithful to the end in view. Sometimes
doubtful of the result, he was never doubt
ful of his duty. In his character there was
no malice, no animo-ity, no arrore penrr.
To his mind the South did not appear as it
di 1 to some of the people about him a
wicked rebel, to be scourged, to be decimat
ed, le exterminated, if need were ; but a
beloved brother who had gone astray, ar.d
to be brought back into the right path by
concession on all points that did not involve
the one great and fundamental principle of
the integrity of the republic.
In the darkest days of the deadly strug
gle, when few Northern men ventured to
hope for ultimate success when the best
attainable boundary between North and
South was almost the only result that the
clearest-headed and most sanguine men an
ticipated Mr. Lincoln, half despairing, half
hopeful, but wholly resolute, saw nothing for
it except, to use his own homely phraseolo
gy, tu "keep pegging away," trusting to
Providence to shape the ends, however man
might rongji-hew them. He would let the
South maintain slavery without extending
it into new regions, until the Southern pro
pie were wise enough to let it go, provided
onry that the South would remain in the
Union. He would excuse everything, for
give everything, condone everything, if it
would but rehoist the starry banner of the i
reunited republic. Even .when the fierce
passions engendered by the struggle grew
fiercer and more envenomed, and permeated,
all classes and ranks of the' people down to
the women and children, he was calm, equa
ble, patient, and merciful as before, lie
admitted the strong logic of the Southern
arguments for secession, without admiring it
He felt, icrhaps, that the treason of Jeffer
son Pavis, like that of (Jeorge Washington,
might be justified by success, and so cease
to be treason. He was a border man him
self, and knew what the Southern people
were what hat blood what determination,
what enthusiasm, what heroism was in them ;
and he never despised the foe that in his
heart, if all the truth was known, he loved
rather than hated, and whom, most certainly,
he admired for many noble qualities. Pushed
on and backed up by the will of the people,
without any will of his own, except the
willingness to restore the Union at any
price, he marched from dogma to dogma,
from doctrine to doctrine, from principle to :
principle, by external rather than internal
impulses; ami with a sad heart that he should
have to do, even under the pressure of over
powering State necessity, anything .incon
sistent with the Constitution which Wash-'
ington and Jefferson had made, and which i
Abraham Lincoln had sworn to uphold.
Andrew Jackson put down nullification ;
Abraham Lincoln did not put down seces
sion. What one did by the force of his own
will, the other did by the force of the will
of the people. The one was the fiery horse,
acting by his own volition ; the other was
but the inert carriage drawn by the stalwart
muscle of the crowd.' Jackson did well, but
Lincoln did better. .Jackson accomplished
career, he even dreamed of. That he woul
merely circumscribe slavery within its exist
ing limits, and who was conscientiously of
the opinion that if every negro in America
left America and went back to the native
Africa of his fathers and grandfathers, it
would le better for America and better for
the negro should by the stroke of his pen
by the war power, and contrary to the spirit
and letter of the Constitution abolish sla
very, was a result of tho struggle that, in
the first two years of its fury, he was the
last man in the Union to imagine. Yet so
it was. The weak man became strong by
the irresistible strength of events. In Jack
son's time the love of the Union in the
North was but a latent feeling; in Lincoln's
time it was an irresistible force, and, lashed
into fury by the passions of the war, would
have preferred the utter desolation of the
Southern States their conversion into the
original wilderness and the extermination or
banishment of their whole population
rather than Fee them, by their own exertions
or the aid of a foreign State, erected into an
independent Confederacy. This good and
merciful man was good and merciful to the
end. Even when the South was on the
point of collapse when its hope of foreign
recognition had long since died away when
its armies were reduced to the minimum of
hope as well as of numbers when, in ming
led pride and despair, it refused to arm the
negroes, "referring conquest by its white
brothers to independence to be purchased by
the aid of black soldiers Mr. Lincoln was
ready and anxious to grant honorable terms
of surrcuder. In the flush of victory there
was much that he could have done that no
other man could have attempted.' He could
have issued a general amnesty ; he could
have declared the Unio'ri restored in fact and
in theory, on the sole condition that his mil
itary proclamation for the abolition of sla
very should be adopted by every Southern
State as the basis of a legal enactment. But
this great and happy result was not to be
attained. The pb-tol of a fanatic deprived
the Southern people of a friend, and the
Northern eople a man after their own
hearts, who, through good and ill fortune,
had fought their fight with an humble, a
contrite,' irnd an honest spirit, and given the
victories for which they had hungered and
thirsted for four miserable years.
It was then that a new man stepped tpon
the scene, a man .whom the North little
trusted, and whom it had only elected to
the Vice Presidency because his name lent
a littla popularity in those Border States of
Kentucky, Maryland, Tennessee, and Mis
souri, which had not quite so much faith in
the negro and his cause was felt by the
North and West. The new comer was more
remarkable than Abraham Lincoln or An
drew Jacksou, reninrkable as they both
were, and was called to the highest office
under circumstances, public as well as pri
vate, that were peculiarly unfavorable. The
murder of Lincoln had exasperated the pub
lic mind to a pitch of frenzy never before
known in America. When all men's hearts
wore opening to the ideas of reconciliation
and peace, a dastardly assassin converted all
the feelings into hatred and revenge. And
the Vice President elected not for his own
sake: but to carry the election with greater
triumph for Mr. Lincoln becarr the Presi
dent of a party to which he had been op
posed all his life on every public question
except that of the inviolability and perpe
tuity of the Union.
Not so much of a rowdy as Jackson, and
far mo:e of a rowdy than Liir.aln, be bad
some qualities in which he was superior to
thein both. Like them he had studied the
law to fit himself to political life; but, un
like them, he was s thorough lawyer and
excellent speaker. He possessed all the in
domitable will and energy of Jackson, bnt
was free from truculence and ferocity.
Though his early education was deficient, he
had in later li'le turned bis leisure to such
account as to make himself familiar with
the master pieces of English literature. :
Jackson might be content with the Bible
and the "Vicar of Wakefield." and Lincoln
with the Bible and "Joe Miller," but An
drew Johnson had a largo thirst for knowl
edge; and though he did not constantly in
terlard his speeches with trite poetical quo
tations, like some of the so called orna
ments of the Senate Chamber, his reading
was as extensive as theirs. In his unfortu
nate speech as Vice President he was cohe
rent enough to declare a principle which, as
President, he afterwards made the corner
stone of his policy the principle that a
sovereign State, such as his native Tennes
see, could not commit treason, that a State
might be tV facto, but could never be theor
etically, out of the Union. He reiterated
the assertion with marked emphasis of tone
and manner, few if any of his hearers im
aginngat the time the importance which
either the speaker or the principle was so
speedily to assume, and what transcendent
issue of peace or war, prosperity or ruin,
were involved in it. .
The war was all but over when he spoke.
When he was called to fill the perilous seat
which an act of martyrdom had left vacant,
the Confederacy had collapsed, and its
brave but luckless President was flying for
his life toward Texas, with a hope which,
if it had been realizedl might have changed
the fortunes of the North American conti
nentthat if he could reach this vast and
not easily to be. conquered territory, he
might have . prolonged the war for twenty
yearsT Jacksotl's task was but child's play
.v i- . Jackson and Line to pre
vent the . -.
nity ot tree mn 9nA V . , .
flnir , ... n to hruid th aatioi
"A . I 'thout the era
. u.-.f.. mar irotu u ,
formed the duty well and !m T
with comparative facility y .
all but superhuman difnc,11
couragement". Upon Johniou d , J
more gigantic woric.. w nen ban
Chief Magistrate, it might almc
that political ohaoB had j;mtr
war had destroyed
viuea ior me negroi.w-v
the land with blood, 2... Jv
luight have been the gated
consumed countless milli
ken a father, a son, or
uwij uou!ctioiu, jaia low
t i 1 1 i j
nameless graves and trenches i N
iamiues, pauperized tne rich aily
tury the civilization of the fairest hjrN
republic. It is true that the naGonia- V
pie stood on the hill top, a goodly stm.., .
to be seen and admired of men ; jt manjNj
of its main pillars were broken, strern upon A
the ground, blaekened with the fcrch of I
destruction, or reddeired, with the llood of ' f
unhappy thousands who had been etched (
beneath their fall. How was Andre Jon'h- ;
son, the poor plebeian, to restore these
broken columns to their places? How was',
he to efface the bitter memories of conquest, j
and reconcile the victim to the victor How ;
was he to draw North and South iota that .
partnership of interest and affection without
which the Union would be bnt XnoTlT. X -
name for cruel domination on the one sifc1 w t
and humiliating Bubrfi:solc?n on the other V '
The task indeed was herculean, and mdeecL
not only honesty, courage, devotion, and
n-ijlnm Voir rnrn n-r.ru 1 f"nrtarf in i:aTS
undertook, it. The honesty, th(
the wisdom, an! the devotion wer
Andrew Johnson. It remains to b
whether the good fortune will attend
.Horn Siif ! Against
A letter from New York, in the
phia Lnlycr, says :
Another batch of suits for the recovery
damages hers been instituted against Geryrft
Butler in the Supreme Court "Chambers. -I
The plaint ifls are in some cases citizens 01
New Oilcans, and in others citizens of Yir- ,
ginia, and all claim to be snd have been loyal j
men. The most serious of these complaints .
or suits are based upon the allegation tbsV-" f
General Butler had, by virtue of his power,
in New "Orleans, compelled a Mr. Iloni
well to transfer the steamer Carlotta, worth
$60,000, to himself personally for $40,000,
in a currency worth but $28,000, had, through
his agent, sent this vesel on a private Ten
turc for his own advantage, T?hteri jt was.
insinuated was to supply the rebels with oui-!
nine, &c., and then, through his agent, had
chartered it to the Government for $3,5'"per
day, and had ultimately "run her under",
near the end of. he war, and obtained for
her $40,000. It is claimed, therefore, that -in
no sense could it be said that this had been s
done under authority from the President or
General Butler's counsel contend that
these acts were done in accordance with.
Government authority, and moves, there
fore, that they be transferred to a Federal
court for adjudication. The court promised!
a decision in a day or two.
Henry J. Raymond says : Vlt is evident
that the Democratic party grows worse, (.in
stead of better." This is the very highest
praise which it is possible for any mortal to
bestow on the Democratic party. For what
is vice, in Raymond's mind, is virtue in the
estimation of right, thinking men. If the
Democratic party is getting worse in his
eyes, it is because it is returning to the faith,
and principles of our fathers.
A Compliment. The Erie Dispatch, the
loyal organ of that county, in closing a pa
thetic appeal in reference to the 'election of
Senator, and warning the loyal members of.
the Senate and House against voting for
Cameron, said: "Give us afool, like Geary, -but
for God's sr-ke do not give us a. knave."
How the man :s going to get the knave off
his hands, is not for us to advise ; but we
hall see. We would not be surprised if he
would dulike Fcrney tike the fenace iohls
IFaF-Wheri. an Irish , priest rebuked his
parishioner for drunkenness, and told him
that whenever he entered an alehouse to
drink his guardian angel stood weeping r
the door. And if he had sixpence beM bo
in himself, was Pat's reply.
The Rev. Joel Lindsley, who, a' .few
months rgo, whrpjed his child to death for
not saying its prayers, was on Saturday con
victed in the Orlean (N. Y.) county court of
manslaughter. The excitememtthretaghont
the count.?, against the wretch is wonder
ful. - 1
An old citizen of Lock port lately called
upon a clergymen, also aq old man, and paid
him his marriage fee. . He was too poor in
pocket to pay when married, hough rich in
Within a jwi iod cf less than forty years,
upwards of fifty-one thousand miles of steam
railroads have been constructed in the Uni
ted States at an aggregate cotst of $1,502,
564,000. The amount of Government and oth-
fr of poets -e, to any part of the United 8ates.