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TRUTH AND RIGHT GOD AND OUR COUNTRY.
Two Dollars f er lustra fa Atfranee
-J1C03Y & SHITMAN, l ublislien.
BLOOMS BURG, COLUMBIA CO, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19,1866. WE1V slries j VOL L NO 43.
VOL. XXX. " SERIES.
.... . i . - . ' . '
V J li t J I i 111
This Snuff has thoroughly proved itself to bi tbe
eat article known Tor cnrins the Catarrh, Cold if
run IIeab and ti abaci. It bns been found nn ex
cedent remedy in many eaees of Sore Eyj, Rrr-
kess lias been retr.oved bjr It. and Uf acq i.i baa often
been greatly improved by it use.
It is fragrant and ncrenlily. nnd
GIVES IMMEDIATE REUf.F
To tbe dort heavy pain raused by disr.nes of the
-Head. The sensation n'ter usins it are delightful and
Invigorating. It openi ami purges eut all obstructions.
strengthen the glands, and gives a healthy action to
tfie ports strutted.
More than Thirl y Years' -
Of Sale and use of Vn.. Marshall 'a Catarrh and
Hkabacuk Smrr. lias proved its a rot value foi a'l
the common diseases of the Head, and at this moment
italands higher than ever before.
It is recommended by ninny of the best physicians,
and is used with great success and aatiafacliou eve
rywhere. lUadthe Cert'.ficates of Wholesale Drug
."pists in 1854. .
Tha smdersirned, having for ma:ty years been ac
quainted Willi Dr. Mrshah's Catarrh nnd IIkao
achc Scrv. and sold it in our w bolesaletrude cheer
fully stale.that we k etleve it to be equal in every ro
M KL to tbo ree.mr..end aiions given of for the cure
of Catarrhal Afferlions, and that it is decidedly thet
best article we have ever knowu for all rotuuiou dis
eases of (be Head.
Hurr II Ferry, Bost.in,
Barnes Park, New Yoik
A till sands.
tt-plien I'aul & Co "
lirucl Minor i Cf
M'hcs son fc Rnbbins
A I. Scovill t Co
M Ward. Close Jt Co "
Reed. Austin Sc. C '
Ilrnwo. I.amson ts. Co "
Bred. CutUr s C:
Beth V Fowle.
Wilson. Fairbank ic Co.
llensliaw, Kduiands 4c Co
HU Umr. I'ortland. Me.
Bush & Gale,
t-orSnle b altvrufgisls. Ity IU
Feb. 3. Jcce y
RELIEF IN TEN MINUTES.
Bryan's PtilmoiiAC Wa-s.
fy-Tha original Medicine estiblUh?d iu 1837. and
fi rtt article uf thu kind ever introduced under lh.?
name of "Pdljsojuc Wafsrs." in this or nny ether
country; all other Pulmonic YVafere are counterfeits.
Tbe genuine can bw known bj the name BRYAN be
hie slumped ou each Wafer.
These Wafers have been before the public for nearly
.Thirty Years. and the immense sale nit ned.nr-t miiy
'In America but in forcigu eoutitrir. fully attest their
iutrinkie wr'b. The medical properties are superior
to any other article offered for tbe cure of Pulmonary
or Bronchial allections and the quantity contained in
acb boa is nearly double thai of the many wor'.hlcas
imitations advertised. ,
Drjan's Pulcioalc Wafers
cure Coughs, Colds, Sore Thrnnt. Hoarseness. Akthma.
Catarrh. Bronchitis. Difficult Breathitt;, Spitting of
Blood Pains in tbe Chest.lniipieul Consumption and
all diseases o( th lungs. Not Hording o ily temporary
relief, but effecting a rapid ud lasting cure and are
warranted U give satisfaction in every instunce.
They don"t nauseate like alec bolie compounds, and
III. medical propones are combined in a lorm o
agreeable and pleasnut to theta.trj, that a.iy child
will readily take them. One dose will always a Cord
BELIEF IN TEN MINUTES.
To Vocalists and Public Speakers, the Waf.-re are
peculiarly valuable; they wilt in one day remove the
Inoat severe occasional hoarseness ; and their regular
iise for n few days will, .it all times. increasK the pow
er and flclibil'ty of the voiee. gretnty tmproviug its
tone, compass and rlerties. for w hich purpose th. y
are regularly ucd by many professional vocalist
The very great celebrity of Hits valuable remedy has
int it.-ed unprincipled persons to prepare base iniitu
tion, which disappoint the jut expectations of the
parehaser, and injure the character of the genuine
See that the word "BRYAN," is stamped on each
Wafer, and also observe the far simile of the signa
ture cf the Proprietor. "JOU MlSf" on eath wrap
per, to eonntefeit which is rosciRY. OSending
partiet will be deall with to the full t-lteit f the law.
ButaR's rciMumu Winn are for sale by ail Drug
JOB MOSFS Sole Proprietor, 37 CortlanJt St , N. Y
- THE GREAT EGU3U BEJIEDV.
PROTECTED BY KoyAt. LETT EE 3 PATENT.
Celebrated Female Pills,
fTt?rcd from frtseriptianf Sif J.Cttfke. X. D.,Phj- I
This invalnahle mepirinc unfnilm? in tbe cure of
11 those painful and dangerous dtse;i?Bs t which the
Itmal. constitution is subject. It moderates all el
cess and removes all obstruct ion, from whatever cause
kod a speedy cure may be relied on
' 10 MAURI ED LADIES,
it Is particularly suited. It will, ia a short time, bring
a the nioolhly period with regularity.
. . CAliTION.
Tkte PtHt iold wot bt taken hj Female durimf the
t'lRST TOHHK AVtJCrilSef frtgnanrj, they are sure
IS bring ea Mieariagt,bi mt af vtMer Umt they mtetafi
In ail rases cf Nervous and Spinal A Sections Tains
In the Back and -Limbs. Fatigues slight i-iertion.fal
fitnlion f 'he- Hei.rt. Ilysti-rics. and IVIiite-. tliee
It's will eff cl 3 cure when nlluthermenn have far
ed ; and althouph a powerful remedy, do not eontHin
Iron, calomel, antimony, or anjtbiug hurtful to the
Full directions in the pamphlet arouad each package
Watch should be carefully preserved.
SOLD BT ALL Ml UGG1STS. PRICE, QXE DOL
, LAH PER BUlTLkl.
ItiiUUi fall srerjf ra.'asii's Xediein to bt emitter
futtd. euvtiaus. tAerrere, and ftht the Utters
' V. If M." are bin in tie bitttla, end thai teck wrepper
beer lie fee timileof the eignatmr'e ef I. . BALO
H'J.Yy CO., d JV JUOSt. E3- Hitheut whiei, none
j. b, tine Dollar, with Eighteen Cents for Post
ers, enclosed to any authorized Azcnt. or to t lie fc'ole
general Agent Of tbe Vailed blaic and Eritish Du
JOB MOSES, 27 Cortland U. New York.
Witt insnr. a bottle containing; Fifty Pills, by return
securely sealed from all observation,
Feb. 3, 'QC.-Iy-
MFh' HEALTH STIiEXG TU.
LIKE HEALTH STIiE.NGTU.
LIFE HEALTH STULMTU.
Rndreds and thousands annaally die prematurely
when, if they would give the Great French Remedy,
Dtt. JUAN DELAMARRL d
Celebrated SiJccilic Tills,
trepararf by Carascirrr ic Dctokt, Nn. 214 Eue Lom
ard Paris, from the prescription of Ir. Juan liela
nurre. Chief Physician of the iioepilal du Nord cu
Lariuoiaiere a fair trial, thpy oul i hnd immediato
telieC aad, iu a short lime, be fully restored to Health
and S'rength It is used In the practice of many emi
ns)l Fiedi physiciaiis.wiih uniform succes-;tnd higU.-
recomiuuiledas tbe only positive ad pecific heme
f for all persons suffering Ir.-ni General or Sexua
liability, all derangemettta oft lie Nervous Force
Melcbly.Spermalorrhoea or Seminal tmissi.ns.al
Weakses. arising from sexual Ex-Energy. Physical
Prostration. Nervousness. Wonk tiine.lLowne of
bpirits, 1'iinncss of Viion, Hysterics, Pains ia the
&sek and Limbs, Impotency, &c
Nn l.inguage can convey an actuate idea of the im
tnedi.ite and almost miraculous idiauge it occasions to
ths debilitated end shalti-ied system In fact.il tands
nnrivalled as an unfailing cure ol Uie maladies above
i Suffer no more, but oe Tke Oreci French Rented f ; it
Viil effect a cure where all others fail, and althouzh
h powerful remedy, eonnins nothin; hurtful to tbe
tnost delicate constitution
raaiphleis.coutaining full paitieulars and directions
for using, in Englwn,KrencU.Spahish and German, ac
company each box, and also soot free to any address
whea requested. ' , .
Price One Dollar per bor; Six box.s for Five Dollars
Bold by II Druggists throughout the world : or will
Ve sent by mail, securely sealed from all observation,
-,T inclosing specified price to any authorized agents.
BKfTjtRR bPCOCXTKRFElTS AtfD IMITATIONS.
Proprietors exclusive Ageats for America. (JSCAR Q
5fcfOa5, CO.. 87 Courltt.nd St, Kew York,
Anthony Agent, for Bioom.bur
Danvlle. " W.LAJCtJQZ.
Ftfc. 3, isoaiy.
. , ..H YESTOaS' OFFICES.
; ; ' D'EPENEUIL & EVAN3,
Civil Engineer and Patent Solicitors. '
' yo,i31 WALNUT Bi REET., P.i.aiibibi,
PATENTS solicited Con saltations on Engineering
Draughting and SketcMes.Models and Machinery
ft'l kinJn siaob and skllfullv attendej to. Ppeeinl
ften.ron gen to KEJECTED CABfca and INTER
FEaKNCE3. Authentic Copies, of. all Documeots
from Patent Office procured.
fi B Save yourmlreg useless tronble andtrav
J,ng xponse.as tUera is aoactoat weed for P'J""
al Interview with us. All business with these Ofti
. can be trancf d in wriuag. For fhe t ifv
DEMOCRAT AND STAR,
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY
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Trail?!, -nt advertisementa payable in adxancc, all
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K7 OFFICE In Slave's Block, Corner of Main
and Iron Street.
Address. JACORY&. SHUJIAN.
flloomsburg. Columhia County, Pa.
For the Democrat and Star.
THE HIDDEN WELL.
Ia the midst of a plain the weeds grew dank,
Save in arid spots where lay the sand ;
Andtbrir thirsty mouth, the rain drops drank,
N r left a trac of the moistening bind ;
Al: around wis silent and sad and still.
As b'asted by desolations breath ;
Save when tho vaicn of some wild bird's shrill,
Startled the air like the voice or deatJ.
No human hnbitation was near
' Few wen? the feet that had trod the plain.
And no reapers voice rang full and clear.
Aa bowed tbe beads of the ripening g'ain.
But the weeds grew up and withered there.
And the spot was dreaiy, sad and lone.
And the Autumn left it scar and bare.
To the tempests sweep and the wild winds moan.
Cut an argjl passed o'er the place and smiled.
And where that smile like -a sunbeam fell,
Iu tbe midst ol the rank weeds and foin leaves wild
Sprang up in the desert a "Hidden Well."
Like the garden of Cod, the desert bloomed,
As tbe Hidden Well its moisture shed ;
And sweet flowers the desert air perfumed.
Where tbe noxious weeds their poison had
There are human hearts which are deserts low,
And only by sturins of passion stirred ;
An! bright inijbt they bloom could they learn to
To the angel's smile a kindly word ;
Cut the storms ol sorrow tbe blasts of scorn
Have left txctf. desol.ite. std, and drear,
Aud there breaks on their nigkl ; no gladdening
To lighten the gloom of their pathway here.
Cut a kindly word may iltums the plain.
And stir the deep foindias of tin soal,
Aad tbe desrl may bloom 'iicalb the ripening
As the passions bow to the minds control ;
And all may bo beauty aud life tnJ li;ht :
Awakened to being, by tint spell
Of a kindly word, which has banished night.
And stirred tbe depths of the Hidden Well.
Voices What They Indicate.
There arc light, quiet, surface voices, that
involuntarily seem to utter the slang, "I
won't do to tie to." The man's words may
assure you of hi3 strength and reliability,
yet the tone contradicts his speech.
Then there are lovr, deep, ttrong voices,
where the worda seem ground out, as if the
man owed humanity a grudge, and meant to
pay it some day. The man's opponents may
well t:emble, and his friends may truit his
strength of purpose and ability to act.
There is the coarse, toisterous, dictatorial
tone, invariably adopted by vulvar persons,
who have not suIEjient cul iv ititn to under
stand their own insiniUcance.
There is the incredulous tone, that is full
of a covert sneer, or a secret "You can't
dupe me" intonation.
There is the whining, beseeching voice,
that says "sycophant" as plainly as if it ut
tered the word. It cajoles and flatters you
its words, "I love you; I admire yea;
you are everything you fchcu'd be."
Then and tberc is the tender, musical,
compassionate voice, that somstimcs goa
with sharp features, (as they indicate mere
ly intensity of feeling) and sometimes with
blunt features, but always with genuine be
nevolence. If you arc full of aiTectatioa and pretence
ycur voice proclaims it.
If j-ou are full of honesty and strength of
purpose your voice proclaims it. .
If you are cold, and calm, and firm, and
consistent, or fickle, and foolish, and dece p
tive, your voice will be equally truth-telling.
You cannot wear a mask without its being
known,tbat you are wearing one.
You cannot change your voice from a nat
ural to an unnatural tone without its being
known that your are doing so.
Foolish Virgins. A few days since we
were dining with a friend who had gathered
a bevy of pretty girls around h"i3 hospitable
board, and during the meal vre received a
lamentable evidence of the ignorance of our
latter day young ladies of the first rudiments
of making a man happy. "We spoke of cab
bage pudding; and heavens I what a flutter.
Eight pretty hands clapped at once in holy
horror ; eight bright eyes turned up their
whites ia refined disbelief, ''Cabbage pud
ding 1 who ever heard of such a thing?"
If. indeed, so be that this most comfortable
way of cooking the vegetable has passed
from the memory of housekeepers, let us
recommend the trial of our recipe, given
merely from recollection : After boiiing the
cabbage well, place it in a baking pan with
iavera cf crumbled bread ; butter, salt and
black pepper liberally usedi sprinkled well
on top with grated cracker, and bake gently
until a crust ia formed on top. Take our
word for it (and we arc no mean judge of
the creature comforts;) it is good and deli
cate enough ia flavor for the finest lady who
ever fainted at the emeU cf tuxpentiue Map
In the masterly speech made by Senator
Backalew, of this State, says the Clinton
Democrat, in February last, in the Senate of
the United States, in opposition to the then
pending joint resolution proposing to amend
the Constitution, he took occasion to dis
cuss representation. The vice of our pres
ent system, in the overmastering preponder
ance it gives to the six New England States
in the Senate, and the influence of this un
natural strength upon the legislation of the
country, wa? laid bare with trenchant truth.
As a remedy for this evil, Senator Bucka
Ijvr proposed that States containing less
than ou3 million of inhabitants should have
one Senator; States contrksuing moro than
one million aud less than three million?, two
Senators; aad States containing more than
three millions, three Senators. Whatever
merit there may be. in this suggestion it is
not likely to be ever acted upon, as the jeal
ousy of the smaller States will forever pre
vent an acquiescence on their part in any
loss of power in that body which, more than
any other, represents the equality and sov
ereignty of all the members of our Confed
eration. The true balance for Eastern pre
dominance and antidote for Yankee fanati
cism lies in the re-admission to Congress of
the Senators and Representatives from the
Southern States. We are anxious to sec
the day when the farmers are made even-
handed with the traders and spinners, and
when the reins of government again revert
to the hands of steady men.
The cvil3 of the "majority rule," adopted
in our popular elections, have been long ad
mitted and deplored as the bane of our pol
itics. Say3 Mr. Buckalcw: "The candi
date receiving the greatest number of votes
in any case is elected ; and all votes given to
other candidates are dropped or lost. Our
Government, therefore, instead of being a
Government of the people is, in fact, a
Government of but a part of the people ;
and our fundamental principle, accepted in
theory by all, is imperfectly applied."
Again : "That the majority shall govern is
not our fundamental principle, but a rule,
and is used by us along with other rules, to
accomplish our purpose of government by
the people. We use the majority rule, the
two-thirds rule, and the threo-fburths rule,
according to circumstances, and upon con
siderations of convenience and expediency.
Unquestionably if but a part of f!ie people
are t bear rule aud to act their pleasure in
affairs of government, it is better that the
majority should bear such rule than that
the minority should. But why should a
part of the people monopolize all power ;
and ia a rule which produces such rcsuU
wise, salatary and just?"
As one means cf giving the minority a
more equable representation, he suggested
" that ia all elections for President of the
United States, the second highest in the
electoral votes should become President of
the Senate, with the power of objecting to
bills, liable, however, to have his objections
overuled by a two-thirds vote. "
But the improvements in oar system upon
which the Honorable Senator laid greatest
stress, and which seems to us to deserve
general attention and discussion, was in the
manner of selecting our representatives.
According to the view of tho best authori
ties on questions of this kind, a system may
be elaborated which will secure what is call
ed personal representation which Mr. Buck
alew denominates " the most justj" equal,
complete and perfect plan of representation
ever propo-d for a free State." It is noth
ing more nor less than the representation of
the whole people.
To make any changa in the manner of
electing Congressmen which is likely to dis
turb the preponderance of the party in pow
er, is more than can be expected. The Re
publican Party have not the virtue to discuss
such a change ia their present temper, and
white they are urging an amendment to the
Constitution iu direct violation of the great
fundamental principle upon which both tax
ation and representation ia this country are
based. But any genuine amendment in our
politics must strike the good sense of the
people, and with that view we reprint the
following article from the Patriot and Un
ion, which, though written with a strong
Democratic bias, nevertheless conveys a good
idea of one plan of representation which
approximates to fairness :
The Eviis or the "Representative
System" and a Proposed Remedy. The
Radical press claim an agregate majority at
the late elections in the Northern States of
408,000. Taking this at present for granted,
without the official figures from many of the
States, what does it prove? There were
127 Radical Congressmen (three of a gain)
elected this fall, and 35 Democrats and Con
servatives (three of a loss.) This shows
that there were- 92 Radicals elected upon
this aggregate majority of 403,000. Divide
this number by the Radical Congressional
majority and we find that for every 4,434 of
the grcs3 excess the Radicals have a member
This is nearly as bad a3 in Pennsylvania,
where, for an excess of 11,382 ballots, in a
poll of over 593,000 votes, the Radicals have
twelve Congressmen or one for every 0i3 cf
excess. For the six Democrats and Conser
vatives who were elected 291, 000 ballots
were polled being 43,000 for each. Taking
201,000 off the Radicals' poll of 302,000
and allowing them six members, with a poll
of 48,000 for each, there are left but 11,382
ballots upon which their remaining twelve
members (they. have 18) rcre elected 94S
for each one ! ?
These facta serve to show how, by a
dominant party may secure overpowering
legislative majorities without a correspond
ing aggregate majority of voters. The large
majority of Radicals who will take seats in
the Congress of 1867, i3 cited by Radical
journals as proof of the popular endorse
ments of the Radical Disunion policy, when
in reality, this result is almost entirely due
to skillful management of districts. Were
it not for this the Radicals iu the Lower
House would not, with 408,000 aggregate
majority of votes, be more than fifteen or
twenty in majority. Instead of ths House
standing 127 Radicals to 35 Conservatives,
it would be 81 Radicals against GO Conserva
tives or thereabouts.
We allude to this subject now for the pur
pose of suggesting a change in the method
of electing members of Congress. We see"
that, by the present method, representatives
secure position in many instances through
partisan manipulation of election districts by
which the popular will U nullified or defeat
ed. When, as in this State, it requires 43,
000 Dcmooratic votes to elect a Democratic
member of Congress, and only lG,vX)0 Rad
ical votes to elect a Radical member, it be
comes manifest that the Representative sys
tem is objectionable because it does uot al
low each party an equal chance. When, for
an excess of 11,382 votes one party has
twelve members, (one for each 948 votes,)
representing an aggregate population of only
50,910 estimating five persons to one voter;
aad when six Conservative members repre
sent an aggregate of 1,455,000 of a popula
tion equal to 2,910.000 for twelve mem
bers the unfairness of the plan now pur
sued becomes glaringly apparent to the most
There is another objection to ths present
district system or, rather want of system.
It is popularly supposed that the Pcnns3l
yania members of Congress have constitu
encies with whom they enjoy social and bu
siness reletions, and with whose interests
they are individually conversant or in which
they are partakers. The districts are pre
sumed to be compact agglomerations of
counties, containing the home and compris
ing the business and social range of the
Representatives. It is also believed that
there is a geographical and productive as
similation ; a community of interests, and
natural or artificial means of intercourse be
tween the several counties so united. Such
however, is not the case. Schuylkill and
Lebanon (forming the loth district) merely
touch two of their sharp points and stretch
away one to the North ; the other to the
South. Luzerne and Susquehanna (12th)
do the same thing stretching from the
Northern border to the middle of the State.
Bradford, Wj'oming, Sullivan, Montour and
Columbia, (13th) look like an attenuated
hour-glass. Eric, Warren, M'Kean, For
est, Elk, Jefferson, Clearfield and Cameron,
(19th) describe a sort of dilapidated worm
fence from the northwest corner of the
State to nearly the centre. And so on of
the rest of the districts. They take the
form of hour-glasses, belts, zig-zags and
every other shape except compact iaas?c.
Besides this, they arc intersected by un
biidged streams ; mountain ranges cut them
in twain, and other circumstances conspire
to separate counties in the same district as
though some were in Maiuc and others in
Texas. The member is known to his "con
stituents" only through the accident of his
nomination and election. As a general thing
he knows nothing of the people of the dis
tant counties of hi3 district and they know
nothing of him. When he talks about
watching the interest of his constituent?, he
speaks only in a figurative sense, or from
hearsay. These facts make it apparent that
constituencies are a myth. The factr also,
that no Federal legislation take3 a county or
ditrict form in Congress makes it manifest
that our Congressmen represent the State at
large, if at all, and that each is presumed to
be a guardian over the rights of all the peo
ple of his State, in an undivided s?nsc.
Then why have districts? That is what we
want to p't at.
Pennsylvania is entitled to twcnt3'-four
Representatives in Congress. Suppose that
instead of casting the counties into twenty
four districts ard electing one in each, the
full delegation be elected by the State at
large, in this wise : Each political party
shall select or nominate twenty-four candi
dates (or a less number) each set to be
voted for as one ticket After the election
let the votes be aggregated and divided by
twenty-tour to get the average number en
titling to a Representative. Suppose the
average be 24,000 ; then divide each party's
poll by that number and award to it as many
members as 24,100 is contained in its total
poll of votes. Say the Radical party should
poll 312,000 votes; award to it thirteen mem
bers. Say the Democratic party should poll
2CS,000 votes ; award to it eleven members.
Then every man ia the State would be rep
resented and represented, too, by a Con
gressman whose views would correspond with
his own. Fach party would thus have rep
resentation according to its numbers, and
there would be no gerrymandering of dis
tricts Each party could arrange for itself
the manner in which its proportion of mem
bers should be selected from its nominees,
whether by lot among the twenty-four, after
the election, or during the election by in
structing its voters to designate oh their bal
lots their first choice, second, third, &c.
In case of a third or fourth party polling
sufficient number of votes to amount to the
general average for one member of Congress
under this plan it would secure a represent
ative. No man who believes that minorities
have rights will gainsay the justice of such
award. ' '
poraries as worthy of discussion. A chance
in the method of selecting members of Con
gress i3 certainly needed, inasmuch as at
present the Radical party have three-fourths
of the Representatives of the State with a
majority of less than one-fiftieth of the pop
ular tote. It is a misnomer to call this a
representative system. It is simply a cheat
and a fraud.
Afraid of the Itch
Teter Whetstone, of Arkansas, was once
traveling on horseback through the interior
of the State, and called one evening at a lit
tle log house where entertainment and post
office were kept. Two strangers were there,
and the mail rider rode up about dark.
Supper being over, the mail carrier and the
three gentlemen were invited into a small
room furnished with a good fire and two
beds, which were to accommodate the four
persons for the night.
The mail carrier was a little, shabby, dir
ty looking wretch, with whom none of the
gcutlemen liked to sleep. Pete Whetstone
eyed him closely as he asked :
"Where do you sleep to-night, my lad ?"
"l'll sleep with you, I rcckoa or with one
o' them fellers, I don't care which," lisped
The two gentleman took the hint and oc
cupied one of the beds together, leaving the
other bed and the confab to be enjoyed by
Pete and the mail boy. Pete and the boy
commenced hauling off their duds, and Pete
getting into bed first and wishing to get rid
of sleeping with the boy, remarked with
great em phasis
"My friend, I'll tell you beforehand, I've
got the itch, and you had better not ileep
with me, for the disease is awful catching."
The boy who was getting into bed too,
drawled out very coolly.
"Wal, I reckon that don't make a bit o'
difference I've had it nearly seven years,"
and into bed lie pitched, with Pete, who
pitched out in as great a hurry as if he had
waked up a hornet's nest.
The gentlemen roared, and the boy, who
had got peaceable possession of the bed
"Why, you muth be a thet of darned
fools, mam and dad's got the itch a heap
wuth than 1 is, aud they thlcpt ia that bed
The two strangers were now in a worse
predicament than Pete had been and bounc
ed from their nest, shook themselves, and
ordered their horses, and although it was
nearly ten o'clock, they all three rode sev
eral miles to the .next town before they slept,
leaving the imperturalle mail carrier to the
bliss of scratching and sleeping alone.
It is well known to- the country that Mr.
Raymond, Member of Congress frcm New
Yoik, drew the address of the August Na
tional Union Convention, at Philadelphia.
It is marked for its ability and conservative
tone, and takes issue with the Radicals.
Since then he has apostatized, and like the
swine, has returned to his wallow. At the
Radical Congressional caucus held in Wash
ington, he was found on hand, and like a
whipped spnaiel asked Stevens Si Co., to re
ceive him back. The following proceedings
took place on the subject :
Mr. 'Ashley, of Ohio, said he noticed as
present the gentleman who had drawn up
the address of the Philadelphia Convention
and asked if he was a member of the Union
p.irry, and had any right there.
The Chairman, Mr. Morrill, of Vermont,
replied amid much laughter,
"While the lamp holds out to burn,
The vilest sinner may return."
Mr. Raymond, on being asked whether
he did net participate in the Philadelphia
Convention, replied that he had, but not ia
any spirit of hostility to the Union party.
That he entered that Convention to strength
en that i arty, thinking it should be more
conservative than it was, but when he found
tbe convention likely to lead to the defeat of
the Union party, he abandoned it, and had
ever since done his utmost to maintain and
support the Union party. He also said that
he approved of the measures reported here
There wa3 much opposition to his remain
ing in the caucus, but after further explana
tion he was allowed to do as he pleased by a
vote of 30 against 25.
The following paragraph from his Phila
delphia address which was read twice amid
great applause, will show hew far he has
"And the ten millions of Americans who
live in the South would be unworthy citizens
of a free country, degenerate sons of a he
roic ancestry, unfit ever to become the guar
dians of the rights and liberties bequeathed
to us by the fathers and founders of the re
public, if the; could accept, with uncom
plaining submissivencss, the humiliations
thus sought to be imposed upon them.
These "humiliations" meant the Consti
tutional Amendment, negro suffrage, &c.
HorE. Never quit j-our hopes. Hope is
often better than enjoyment. Hope is always
the cause as well as the effect of youth. It
is certainly a very healthy and pleasant pas
sion. A hopeless person is derserted by
himself ; and he who forsakes himself is soon
forsaken by friends and fortune.
C- "I'm on the tea. I'm on the sea,"
roared a bad singer. "You're not," cried a
musical punster in company! "you would be
on the C if you sung in tone ; but are on the
B fiat, confdund you,"
rgy What Is the difference between the
desert of Sahara and an ancient shoe ? One
For the Democrat and Star.
Lyrics of Iht Si:quehaana o. 1.
BT K AVER.
Majestic Susquehanna 1 it ia of thee ( sing.
And from historic treasures, old memories I bring.
Though well thou an deserving, a mors descriptive
To trace thy tragic scenes and deliniate thy men.
There is music in the gurgle, of tbe rills tbat fsrni
A sweet, a graceful majesty, along thy roll;ng eure
For hill and vale arid mountain, attend tby measure
A never fading landscape, a panoramic view.
Tby golden surface fi isliing r:fl:ctstha noonday sun
Or dance the silver moonbeams, as swift thy waters
With calm unruffled iosorn.thou alaepesl in thy pride.
Or loft craggy mountains, thy torrents ofldivide.
From Vonh and West converging. tJy friendly wa
And with incessant music, thcmingling is complete,
The" gliding undivided, in harmony and peace.
Thy beauty and thy tnnjesty, the Union doth Increase.
Flow on then mighty river, forgetful of the past .
As though thy limpid water! ne'er bad purple cast.
As though thy magic borders, wars baautiful as now.
As though o'er sunshiae glories, a shadow mvei
Asthough these fertile valleys, wbera wavei tbe
Were not a bowling w ilderness , the Ked man's wide
At though no painted savage, bis tcngear.ee never
As though no bardy pioneer, bad melancholy fate.
As though these lofty mountains, ne'er beard tbe
As thouch no wives and daughters.beneatb the hatch
Aa though in distant wigwams.no captive crertigb
As though no pale-faced warrior.in torture ever died.
Boll on, then, mighty river, and let tby treasures
To us, so highly favored, so mercifully blest.
And while out noble ancestors, now sleep beneath
Tbat we their happy children, may learn to bless
Assassination Once More !
The Radie'al Western papers in Indiana
and Ohia, as well as in other sections, have
revived and resurrected the assassination ar
ticle (so called) published in the La Crosse
Democrat, of the 20th of August, 18G4,
with all the exaggerations of garbled and
mutilated language, and we have published
again what we did say, not one letter or word
of which we have any desire to take back or
deny. We hope they will publish the ex
tract again and yet again, and that as fre
quently as they think its airing will redound
to the suscess of their despotic and atrocious
principles and party, they will display it in
all the magnificence of caps, small caps, ital
ics and exclamation points in their several
columns. That course just suits us we like
it thrive by it "you do us proud" when
you copy from us, and as long as you give
credit, we will thank you kindiy, and allow
you to continue doing so.
Bat while wc are talking of assassination
matters, we have a little subject on hand, a
small sized nut for Radicals to crack, some
thing for them to consider in all its bearings.
Yv'e hope they wii! publish what folIovs,and
give us an opinion or two on the subject.
What we state are facts-'-oecurring, bear in
mind, in 1802 ! While Clement L. Valland
igham was a member of the House, in 1S62,
representing the Dayton district with an in
dependence and dignity worthy his constit
uenc', he presumed to act in his official ca
reer in opposition to the "loyal" line of pol
icy he was in a hopeless minority, but he
was faithful, unswerving, steadfast, brave.
Wc remember as if it was but of yester
day's occurrence how like an honest, country-loving,
God-fearing patriot, he stood to
his post of duty we can hear again the pack
of hungry war wolves brying about him,
snapping their teeth, howling fiercely. Were
there no threats of assassination for Yalland
igham ? Read the following letter address
ed to Abraham Lincoln (a copy of which is
furnished us by a friend,) recciicd and read
ly him, too, for answer :
IIcuse or Representatives, )
Washington, D. C, V
April 22, ISC 1. )
To the Hon. Abraham Lincoln, Pi fsident of
the L'n it ed Statrs.
Sir I enclose you an article which ap
peared originally in the Wheeling Intelligen
cer, and was copied into the Cleveland Lead
er with appropriation.
It is an open and direct invitation to as
sassination. It needs r.o comment, and ad
mits of no explanation. The editor of the
Intelligencer and the editor of the Lender,
both bold responsible offices under your Ad
ministration, the one being postmaster at
Wheeling.and the other postmaster at Cleve
land. Confident that you must look with
horror upon any attempt to introduce or to
incite to a system of assassination for differ
ences of political cpinioas, or even for polit
ical offences in this country, and desire no
assassins or aiders or abettors of assassins in
office under you, I deem it only necessary td
submit the article to your consideration.
C. L. Vallandigham.
Vallandigham. The Wheeling InteUi
gencer says of the Ohio traitor, that it is a
wonder that this traitor is tolerated on the
face ol the earth, much more that he is al
lowed to sit in Congress, like Cataline ia the
Roman Senate, plotting all sorts of devilish
hinderanccs and underhanded stabs to the
struggle for our national existences. It is a
wonder some Charlotte Corday, bereft of a
brother, has not met him coming out of his
path, as Danton was mot It is a wonder
some Orisini, bereft of a son, ha? not waited
in the crowd for him. It is a woader that
some society of Carbonari, bereft of a coun
try, have not enfoiled hizii
"Brntus slew a man for treason in the
Capitol, whose lowest characteristics would
enoblo YaUandigham." .
What answer did the occupant of tha
White House, now filling a tyrant's graTft,
I gvake to this timpla roqueK, tbia r4aia flUta-
ment of a representative of the people ?
Probably he crumpled it ia hi3 ungainly fist,
tossed h into his waste paper basket, or fol
lowed it up with some coarse or obscene jest
at the expense of its author. For certain it
is when Booth, and his pistol called Abra
ham from his Good Friday visit of pleasure
to the theater, the twd ttien referred to were
still ia office 3tili the recipients of the fa
vors of the Abolition King 1
What cared Lincoln for threats of assas
sination leveled against Democrats t What
rights had Democrats in his estiniation ?
Were his bastiles not full of them freemen
seized without shadow of law, right or jus
tice ? Had he not snatched from homes and
firesides tens of thousands of them to fill
the ranks of his negro-freeing armies ? Had
he not choked freodom of speech oat of oth
er thousands, or cowed them into submission
to his usurpation ? Had he not sanctioned
mobbingsof Democratic printing offices and
murders of Democratic editors ? We can
fancy his shouts of coarse, flat boat laughter
aa he read the manly protest of the champi
on of the rights of a minority.
The haunting ghost of John Wilkes Booth,
had not then cast his baleful shadow over the
path of Abraham Lincoln I Death was busy
on battle-fields which would never have had
aa existence but for Abraham Lincoln ! God
had not yet summoned the guilty tyrant to
render an account for Lis misdeeds !
But he died a violent death ! He perish
ed ignobly I lie who ridiculed assassina
tion, covertly winking at and approving the
threats leveled against a humble individual,
perished by an assassin's hand ! Death bor
him away to his dark dominions ! Infinite
justice was appeased I The people bowed
in humbleness to tbe stroke of the Divine
Hand, exclaiming, "Not our will, 0, Lord,
but thine be done 1
The above furnishes another chapter on
assassination our Radical friends are wel
come td ths comfort contained in it wo
don't charge them a cent for it ! La Croue
B- The carse which attaches to the pos
session of stclco goods may riot always ba
manifest, but there is a curse nevertheless.
The people of the North have not yet taken
fnlly into consideration the fad that, while
the war for the government, was carried on
as war, there was a vast amount'of private
plundering carried on without license. NJ
laws of God or man can be cited to justify
these crimes. The excitement under which
some men were induced to wink at them has
passed away, and there is no honest person
in all this country who doe3 not wish in the
bottom of his heart that this business had
been effectually ? topped when it began to bcL
a practice. But there is the fact, and at this
moment the moral evil which results frod
it is increased and p?rpctaated by the far
ther fact that all over .he North there aro
households which retain possessson of tha
goods of Southern families and the children
of those households are by this very fact ed
ucated in first principles of dishonesty.
What i3 the remedy ? In the words of the
New York Olcrrcrt 4l6cndit back 1" Re
store the plunder to its owner. The advice
is enforced in connection with a startling ac
cusation made by a distinguished Southern
clergyman. Journal of Commerce.
Send it Back. Rev. Dr. Adger, of South
Carolina in a letter to Dr. Backus, of Balti
mere lately published, makes the following
statement, and vouches for the fact :
"When General Sherman's army passed
through Winsboro', S. C; a Captain F ,
and six ethers of that army, rebbed one of
the ruling ciders of the Scioa Presbyterian
Church there of an elegant silver communi
on set, the gift of a dying female member of
the same, costing in New York two hundred
dollars, and having the church's name and
the donor's name CDgraved upon each arti
cle." Dr. A lg r makes the following additional
statement, which, for the honor of humani
ty as well as Christianity, we would hope
cannot be true :
"A certain congregation of yonrbody how
has that silver communion set," which Capt. :
F presented to them, and are now u1
ing it for their communion purpose with
those names of Scion Church ana its dying
sister staring them in the face, as they eat
the bread and drink the wine which set forth
the body and blood of our common master."
The idea that a Christian church can cele
brate the holy ordinance of the Lord's Sap
per in the use of vessels thus obtained 13
too monstrous to be entertained for a mo
ment, unless they arc held only until the1
church from which is was taken can be as
certained. This notice may assist the church
in ascertaining it, and we are sure that if the
sacred vessels should be sent to Dr: Adgerj
Columbia, S. C, he would see that they
were restored to the church to which they
belong. , ....
We echo the sentiment, that the idea that
a christian church can retain such articles is
monstrous. We should imagine that the
communicants in the church, while nsing
these vessels, would 6ee the jrision of their
Master entering the temple with the scourge
in his hand, and saying to them, "It has
been written that my house shall be called a
house of prayer but ye have made it a den
What can we expect for the future of oar
country if we do not reform thisgrfat wron,
which has cursed churches as Weil as fami
lies. An old friend of ours, a Union man
in the t3outh through all the war, told ns
that his chandeliers were in a certain house
in MassachusettSj his piano in another, and .
various family treasures in others. He had
traced them to their positions. We have
heard of a Southern lady sitting down at a'
Northern table and re-.omizing tilver on that :
table a3 her own. We hara heart! of a lady
receiving from an officer a present of jewel
ry, which 6he recognized a? the ieweiry,
of a Southern lady who had boen her own
schoolmate and friend. Public sentiment
needs to be aroused to this snbjeet, and th '
holders of such goods should be com palled,
by the indignation of their honest fallow-sitw-.
Liens, to "aead them, backu" N. Y. Ob-