Columbia democrat and star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1867, March 07, 1866, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    I "
- . - - n , i i ii ;
JAC03I & IKELCR, -fnbllsheri.
IN pursuance of an order of the Or
phans Coart of Columbia county. Pi, oa
SatuidayLhday of March, 18G6,
at W o'clock In tha forenoon. Jacob Ysarer a id
Washington Yeager, administrator of John Ycnger,
lata of Locust twp.. In said county. dee'd.. witl ez-
hmiahI Iwnnhlie tenJfl. on thfl nreifliaea. the
foil owlaf decacribsd Real Estate, to wit: All that
certain 'l factor Lana niaau in ijocus; iwp ,
umbiasoanty, bounded on the North by land of de
cedent, on tbe East by land of Mary Mowery and
others, on tba HouUl by heirs of Samuel Hampton
and jsamuel Piikiagtoa. and on the West by land of
Kacbel Evans ood others, containing '
rtricf nwasnre. on which are erected a two story
oaerout butldings, a good Spring near the door,
food Anp:e Orchard. e.
ALfcO ; One other Tract of Land situate in same
twp.. andjoiuing land of Geo r'eiisterinicnirr other
lands of decedent on the North. Michael Mowey's
hairs on tba East, other land of the decedent on the
South and West, containing 77 acres, and onu hun
dred and seventeen perches, strict meauiurc, about
Twenty acre of which is cleared lant.
.ALSO; Ona other tract of lind, aituata in same
twp- bounded on the North by other lands of the de-
i - - v. I. . K nf Jnhn I.Jiziirii!f- Ra
CCUSHI. VU bliu wa i v; " " - - w.- - ,
.-ciicl Evan and other : on the South by other land
of deeedenl, au on ins ei uj umcr ""
dent, aad land oT Lacn Fakriiuer, coutai ning
and two perche trict measure, on which are erect
ad a Twi Story Frame Dwelling House, Bank Barn,
Haw Mill, and out buildings, a good spring and good
i .,..k..
ALSO; Una other tract of load, situate in aid twp.
bounded on the North by land of Rachel Evan, on
the East by other lahd cf decedent and Samuel
lilkinston; on the SeutB by land of John Snyder,
and on lh Weil by other land of decedent, conuia -ins
and twenty aeven perches, strict measure, nearly all
of which cleared land.
ALSO 5 Ona other tract of land, situate in the same
twp., bounden on the North by lands of Peter K. Her
beln and Lucas Fahrifer ; oh the Eat and South
by other lands of decedent, on th West by lands of
Jtfua fihinsr and other lands of decedent, conuininj
and forty two parches strict m .-asure: onVhich are
erected a two tery Frame House, and Bank Barn a
good arping and applu orchard with cider mill. uiot
' ly cleared lind. '.
ALSO; One other tract of land, situate partly in
Locust and partly in i.'atawissa townships, bounded
on tba North by lanJ of John Arndt. on the East by
Joseph Carl . on the South by Micbeal iftme and Wiu
Bach, and on the West by Mary Henry, cor.uitmug
mostly timber land. Roartngcreek runs through this
tract, and there l a good mill eat on the auie.
Lata tba Eauta of said deceased, situate in the
t a of Locust aad County afore-aid.
Bloomsburg. Feb. 1", lt.
Conditions of Sule OnMbira of the
purchase money to be secured on the premises dur
ing tbe lifetime of the widow of John, dee'd.
the interest on tbe same to, be rwid annually on the
1 si day of April, aad the principal at her death to the
heirs of said dee'd. Yen prr cent of the purchase
money tr be pud on the sinking down of tue prop
erty, the balance of the onc-lhirJ on the 1st day of
April neat, i he remaining one-third to be divided
into- two equal payment, payable on the lt day of
April. Idl.7. and the 1st day of April 13, -with in
terest from the 1st day of April next
AUtndauc given el the undersigned.
Roaring creek, Feb. 17, 'Go U- A Am'.
II)Iic Sale.
"TTriLL be .exposed at Public Sale, at
V the residence of the underfigned, Ha Briur
creek twp Columbia county, on .
Tuesday, the lZtkc'ai cf March, 1800,
The fotlovi!?J described v a5'6 ProPei'tT' vi ;
Sixteen Head of Good Horses,
One of which is a Wild Warrior Cols. 4 years old this
snring, and can go bis uiiM in 3m. 3ec, I Black
Hawk Colt 1 vear old 1 Pacing Horse 7 retrs old
and can go it io 2-41, 1 Gray Ware, 9 year old, can
go in 50.
TWO MILCH LOWS', fieib. in March, FAT OX,
Three Top Dnjigirs. 1 Sulky. 1 new S.rin Wagon,
2two liore Wasons, waijon Ulders. I Fi!J Roller
and Har Fork. 14 Plows H Cultivators. Harrows. 2
pair of Bob-sled I Sled a lot of LnR.cUaiu, with
Farniine utensil general y. One double m:t Silvei
Plated Harness. 1 tingle set ditto. 'i w t of common
inple Harneio, Plow Ilarnus. 6 set of Tu llarue.s,
4 st otSieitb Beil. . v ,
Tliree Buffalo Rcb, 1 Wolf-skin Robe Fly-nets. 1
Hore Power Hay Fork, I cuttiug Box 1 Circular baw
" Grain by tlic Bushel,
AnJ &llibe Grain in the Giound. A!o, HouseholJ
Fuuiture, consisting of
One Cooking Stove and utensils, I Rocking Chair,
anri a balf-dnxen other Cnairs, 3 pair of Bedsteads,
3 Leaf Tabic. 1 Clothe Pre- iiClock. 2 8pinnmg
Whfcl I Desk. Three Cupboard. Barrels, Kegs,
Firkins, &.C. too numerous to mention. .
ZD" Sale to commence at D o'clock, A. M..and con
tinue from day trrdny. until aUild, when atten
lion will be given aud conditions made known by
J03. O. WINTER3TEEN, Auctioneer.
Feb. 24, IBCC-t
Noa. 911,13,15, 17 Courtlamlt Stree
Thi old-established and favorite resort of the Bu
siaes Community ha boeii rr-ceut: refitted, and is
complete in everyUimg that cau minint-jr to the com
fort of its patron. Ladie and families ore specially
and carefully provided for. - . ?.h.J,.
It is centrally located in Uie bn-mes part of thecjty
and i eontiguousto the principal line cf steamboQ
ears, omnibusse ferrioa, &c. - . . ,
me table is amply supp.ied with all the luxnrietf
the eaon, and i equal to Uiat of any other hotel in
lnleaccommodationi are oflered for upward ol
, 4IA guest. . , ,,.
v3 1H not believe lanner. nackmen, and other
b7 ntt ay "the Western Hotel i full."
S T ' D.D. WINCHESTER, Proprietir.
Feb.15.18G2. . '
American Hotel,
Opposite old Indepen dence Hall,
. Wm. II. IlEULiNas, Clerk.
May 27. 1!C5. 12m
.'No. 257' North Third Street, Phila'd".
Nov 9. W. -
V"1 fiH l"E TEAR! We vrtnl
AiOvfvf agents everywliere to sell
oor improfed f 20 Sewing Machines. Three
new kinds. . Under and op,ner feed. War
ranted five years. - Above salary or large
nrftmisiinna naid. v-The -ONLY laclne8
in thf United States for less than $10, which
. - a - air t ' ' e .
r..n licensed by 'Howel; VVheeler &
'Giover & Baker; S:?er Co., and
Bachelder.' AH'otaer Machmea ard
, iafrinernents and the s!!eror user ara
tie to arrest, fine and impawn roen. Cir
'co!ars free.- A.fdreM, or calhipon f Shaw &
.nark. KidJeford.Jle.. Dec-20,'65-!y
The Congress of Tinkers.
4 A truthful account of a lot of Political Tinker who
met at tbe city of Wahinton, ia the memorabfj year
IdrVi. to mend an old Pot. oritinaUy m anufactared
bv George Washington te. Co.. which had bem badly
cracked by the Puritan Saints and bow tbe Tinker,
after discovering the old Tot to be made of copper,
demolished it. and wished te substitute an Amalga
mation Kettle in its j lace.
"Lean, raw-boned rascals, who would ever uppoo
Tttey had uch courage and audacity f'
Hkaav VI. Act 1 Scan.
In eighteen hundred and ixly-six,
At Washington, a lot
Ofbotchinf Tinker thera covened
To mend a. Union Tot,
Which in a eufflf had been cracked
And nearly r:nt apart.
In Conjres Hall these Tinker met
To try their tinkering art.
First, tinkering Sumner tried hi hand.
And said be t nought the crack
Mijbt be repaired by fliinj in
A leetle something Black;- - -Though
such a thing smelt very strong
Sometimes in aummer weather.
No composition but Black Pasta
Would kerp the Pot together.
Then Brudder Kelly rose and said,
1 here is no time to waste.
Therefore. I now propose to try
To mend the Pet with Paste ;
Moreover, let us hae a law
TLat srY other crack
Througrout tlfe land, no matter where.
Be stopped with something Slack.
"With Fumner'and with Kelley' plan
I quite agree, says Tud ;
"Although a Yankee squatter.
Much experience I have had
- Black things are better far than white.
According to my taste ;
So I shall vote to mend the Pot
With Charley" anlcee Paste."
' Said Coutwcll, "Friend, I would 'ig3st
Before you begin
To mend the Pot.tsee iftbere
Are any rivets in ;
For if one with a copper head
Within it should be round,
I dare affirm that Charley' Pasta
Will never make it sound."
The tinker to seatch then began.
And soon it was dU :loscd,
Instead of rivets, the whole Pot
Of Copper was composed,
Ye gods I" they all cried in a breath,
"Our trouble but increases.
Instead of mending, let ut break
The worn-out thing to pieces.
For if the people should And out
The Puti Copper made.
Our occupation will be gone.
And damned will be our trade';
So let uj smash the tUrncd thing u;.
And hideaway the lui.tal.
And substitute in place thereof
An Amalgamation Kettle.'
Then Sumner knocked the bottom out.
And Kelley broke the bale ;
Then but a relic of the Pot
Was left to tell the tale ;
And that they trampltd under foot,
midat an awful din,
Swearing their Kettle should not have
One grain of Copper in.
The debri then was gathered up,
. And safely hid away :
But for the tinkering job poor men
More taxes ha vo to pay.
And now the batching Tinker ara
At work with all their might.
Fixing a Union Kettle up.
Composed of Black and White .
Fellow Citizens : was about to tender
my thanks to the committee who waited
upon me and presented me with the resola
lions adopted on this occasion resolution,
as I understand, complimentary to the poli
cy pursued' by thii Administration since
it came into power.
1 am free to say to yoa, on this occasion,
that it is extremely gratifying to me to know
thai so large a portion of myfeliow citizens
approve and endorse the policy that has
been adopted and is intended to be carried
ont. (Applause) That policy has been
one which wa intended to restore the glo
ticos Uoion of these Slates to their original
relations to the government of the United
States. (Prolonged Applause) This seems
to be a day peculiarly appropriate for such
a manifestation the day that gave birth to
him who founded this government, tbe
Father of his country, of him who su?od at
that period al tbe head of the government,
when all theee Slates entered into this
Union- . .
This day, I say, ia pectliarly appropriate
to endorse the restoration of the Union of
these States, founded by the father of his
country, Washington, whose name this city
bears, embalmed in the hearts of all who
love free government. (A voice "So is
Andrew Johnson") Washington, who, in
the language of bis eulogists, was" "first ia
peace, first in war, and firft in the hearts
of his countrymen.-' No people can claim
him, no naiion can appropriate him. His
reputation and life are the common inheri
tance of all who lore free government I
to-day had the pleasure of attending the
Washington National Monument Associa
tion, which is directing its efforts to com
plete the monument erected to his memory.
1 was glad to meet them, and, so far as 1
could, to give my bumble influence to a
monument being erected to him who found
ed (he govern rflent, almost within a at one's"
throw of the spot from which I address yon:
Let it be completed. (Cheers:) Let the
pledges which all the States, associations
and corporations have placed in that mon
ument of tbeir faith: and love for this Union
ba preserved. Let me refer yoa to the stone
cut from my own State, God blether (A
voice "And, bless .joa !") stale which
Union in the field and in the councils of
tbe nation, and is now struggling, in conse
quence of tbe interruption that baa taken -place
within ibe Federal government grow-'
ing out of the rebellion, but is struggling to
recover her relations with the government,
. . . i i i . ,
ana io use ner siana wnere ana nas aiuou
since io. inncrioeu op ids aiuuo om
here to be placed in that monument ot free
dom, and in commemoration of Washington
is a sentiment by which I stand, and by
which Tennessee will staa J.- It was the
sentiment enoncia'ed by the immortal An
drew Jackson. "The Federal Union it
most be preserved." (Wild shoots of ap
plause ) "Th9 Federal Union it most be
preserved." (Renewed applause.) Were
it possible to have the old man whoe statue
is now before me, and whose portrait is be
hind mo in the Capitol, and whose senti
ment is inscribed on tbe stone deposiiel in
ghe monument were it possible to commu
nicate with tbe illustrious dead, and could
he be informed of or made to understand
the working and progress of faction, rebel
lion and treason, the bones of the o,d man
would stir in their coffin, and he would rie
and shake off tbe habi!imenl6 of the. tomb ;
he would extend that long arm and finger
of his, and reiterate that glorious sentiment
"The Federal Uoion must be preserved."
But wo ee and witness what has trans
pired since his day ; we remember what be
did in 1833, when treason, treachery and in
fidelity to (he country and the Constiiction
of ihe United States then stalked forth. It
was his power and influence that then
crashed the treason in its infancy. It was
then stopped but only for a time. The spir
it continued, there were men disaffected to
tbe f.overnmentjboth North and Sooth. We
had peculiar institutions, of which sorr.e
complained, and to which others at
tached. One portion of onr countryman advoca
ted that institution in the Southland another
opposed it in the Nor;h, and it resulted in
creating two extremes. One in the South
reached the point at which they were pre
pared to dissolve the goveroment of the
United Sta'es to secure and preserve their
peculiar institution ; and in what I may say
on this occasion I want to be understood.
There'was another portion of our country
men who were opposed to this peculiar in
stitution in the North; and who went to '.he
ex terrn of being willing to break cp the
government to get clear of it. (Applaose )
I am talking io yoa to-day in common
phrjtses, and assume to -le nothing but a
citizen, and one who has beca fightta for
the Constitution and to preserve the Gov
ernment These two parries have been ar
rayed against each other, and I 6tand before
you to-day a3 I did in the Senate in 1S(0, in
he presence of those who were making !
war on the Constilutiop, and who wanted io J
disrupt tho Government, to denounce as I i
did, men in my place, those who were so J
engaged as traitors. I have never ceased to j
repeat, and as far as effort could go to car-
ry out the sentiments I then uttered. (Ap- j
planse. J
I have already remarked that there were ;
two parlies, one for destroying the Govern- t
mem to preserve slavery, and the other for '
breaking up the Government to destroy sla-j
very. The objects to be accomplished were j
different it is true, so far as slavery is con- j
cerned; but they agreed in one thing, and
that was the breaking up of the Govern-
ment. They agreed in the destruction of;
the Government,-the precUe thiog which I :
have always mood up to rppose, whether j
the disunionist comes from the South or the
I stand now where I did then, to vindi
cate the Union of these States and the Con- 1
stitution of the country. Applause. '
When rebellion or treason manifested tself i
in the South I stood by the Government. I ,
said J wa for the Union with slavery or J
without it for either ajiernative. I was lor J
r. rnn..;ni;ni rin. I
plause. The Government has 6tretched
forth its strong arm, and vith its physical
power has put down treason in tbe field.
Yes, the eeciion of country which lias ar
rayed itself against the Government has
been pot down by the Government itself.
Now what do these people say ? We said
no compromise. We can settle this ques
tion wi:h the South in eight and forty hours.
How ? Disband your armies, acknowledge
the Constitution of the United States, obey
the law, and the qnestion is settled. .Well
their armies wave been disbanded, and they
come forward now in a spirit of magnanim
ity and say, "We were mistaken ; we made
an effort to carry out the docfrine of fcsjts
slon and dissolve this union ; We have
failed, and having traced this through to its
logicalnd physical consequences and re
sults, wtnow aain come forward and ac
knowledge the flag of our country, obedi
ence to the Constitution, and the suprema
cy of the laws." '
I say that when you have yielded to the
law, and when you acknowledge y6or alle
giance to the Government, I am ready ko
open the doors of the Union,and restore you
to your old relations the Government of
our fathers. (Applause.) Who, I ask, has
suffered more for the Union than I have!
I shall not now repeat the wrongs or suffer
ings inflicted upon me ; that is not the way
to deal with a whole people in the spirit of
revenge. I know much has been said
abot the exercise of the pardoning poer.
So far as the Executive is concerned, there
is no one who has labored harder than I
have to have- the principal conscious and
intelligent traitors brought to justice, to brave
the law Vindicated aad the Treat fact i indii
and Right --Cod and onr Country
cated that treason is a crime. Yet, while
conscious and intelligent traitors are to be
puniahed, should whole States, communi
ties and people be made to submit to and
bear the penally of death ?
I have, perhaps, as much hostility and as
much resentment as a man ought to have,
but we should conform our action and oar
co nduct to the example ol Him who found
ed our holy religion ; not that I would liken
Him to it, or bring any comparison, lor I
am not going to detaTn you long. But, gen
tlemen, I came into power under the Con
stitution of jhe country and by the approba
tion of tbe people, and what did I find ? 1
lound eight millions of people, who were,
in fact, condemned under the law, and the
penalty was death; under the idea of re
venge afid resentment, they were to be an
nihilated and destroyed.
O, how different this from the example
set by the holy founder of our religion, whose
divine arm touches the horizon and embra
ces the whole earth ves, He who founded
this great scheme came into the world and
found our race condemned under law, and
the sentence was death. What was His
example ? insfcad of puliins the world or a
nation to death, he went forth with grace,
and attested by hi, blood and his wounds
that he would die and let the nation live
Let them recent and acknowledge their al
legiance. Let them become loyal and wil
ling supporters and defenders of our glori
ous stripes and stars and the Constitution of
our country. Lt their leaders, the con ,
scious, intelligent traiiors suffer the penalty
of the law, but for the great mas who have
been forced into the rebellion and misled by
their leaders, I say leniency, kindness, trust
and confidence.
But, my countrymen after having passed
through the rebellion and given such evi
dence as I have, though men rroak a great
deal about it now; when I look through the
battle fields aud see so many of these brave
men in whose company I wa in parts of
the rebellion, where it was most difficult
and doubtful to be found, before the smoke
of battle has scarcely passed away, belore
the blood shed has scarcelycongealed,
what do we find ?
The rebellion is put down by the strong
arm of the government in the field; bui i
that the only way in which we can have
rebellion 1 They struggled lor the break
ing up of your government, bni before they
are i-carcely out cf the battle-field and be
fore our brave man have scarcely returned
to their homes to renew the ties of affection
and love we find oor.-elves almost in the
midst of another rebellion. (Appla:i3e.)
The war to suppress the rebellion was lo
prevent the separation of the States, and
thereby change the character of the gov
ernment and the weakening ol its powers.
Now, what is the struggle ! There is an
attempt to concentrate the power of the
government in the hands of the few, and
thereby bring about a consolidation, which
is equally dangerou and objectionable with
separation. We find that powers are as
sumed and attem pted to be exercised of a
most extraordinary chaiacter. Wha are
they 1 We find ihe government can be
revolutionized ; can be changed "without
going into the balile-fie!d. Sometimes rev
olutions most dangerous to the people are
effected without shedding blood. The sub
stance of our government may be taken
away, leaving only the lorm and shadow.
Now, what tre these attempt? What is
being proposed ? .We find that, in fact, by
an irresponsible central directory nearly
all the powers ol the government are as
sumed, without even consulting tbe legisla
tive or executive departments of the gov
ernment. Yes, and by a resolution reported
by a committee upon whom all the leaila
tive powers cf the government has been
conferred, that principle in the Conslito'ion
which authorizes and empowers each
branch of the legislative department the
Senate at.d House .of Representatives to
be the judge of the election and qualifica
tions of its own members, has been virtu
ally taken away from those departments of
the government and conferred upon a com
milteee who must report before they can
act under tbe Constitution and allow mem
bers duly elected to take their seats.
By thi rule they assume that there must
be recognition in respect to a State in the
Union, wiih all its practical relations restor
ed, belore the respective Houses of Con
gress, under the Constitution, shall judge of
the election and qualification of its own
members. What a position isihat? You
have been struggling for four year? to put
down the rebellion. You denied in the be
ginning of the struggle that any State had
the right to go oat You said that ihey had
neither right nor power. The is-soe has
been made, and it has been seitled that a
Stale has neither the riht nor the powgr to
go out of the Union ; and when you have
settled that by the executive and military
power of the government, ani by the pub
lic judgment, you turn round and assume
that they are out and shall not come in.
(Laughter and cheers.) I am free to say to
you, as your Executive, that 1 am not pre
pared to take any such position. I said in
the Senate, in the very inception of the re
bellion, thaf States had no right to go out,
and that they had no power to go out. That
question has been settled, and 1 cannot turn
round now and give the direct lie to all I
profess to have done in the last five years.
I can do no such thing. .
I say that when tbey comply with the
Constitution, when they have give.t suffi
cient evidence of their loyalty 'and that
they can be trusted, when tbey yield obe
dience to law, I say, extend to them the
right band of fellowship and let peace aad
Union be restored.
But then, gentlemen, we swing around
the circle. I have fought traitors ar.d trea
son in the Sooth. I opposed theDavises
and the Toombses, the Slidells and a long
list of others whose names I will not re
peat, and now when I turn roand at ibe
other end of the line 1 find men 1 care
nofby what name you call them (a voice,
"call them traitors,") who stand opposed to
the restoration of tbe Union of these States,
and I am free to say to you that I am still
for the preservation of this contract; I am
Mill for the restoration of this Union ; I am
still in favor of this great government of
ours going on and following out its destiny.
(A voice, "Give us their names.' ) A gen
tleman calls for their names. Well, sup
pose I should give them. A voice, "We
know them." I look upon them I re
peal it as President or citizen a much op
posed to the fundament al priociples of this
government, and they are as much laboring
to destroy them as were the men who fought
against ns. A voice, "What are their
names ?: I say Thaddeus Stevens, of
Pennsylvania, is one. Tremendous Ap
plause I say Charles Sumner, of 'Mas
sachnsetts, is another. I say Wendell
Phillips, and others of the same stripe are
among them. ("A voice, "Give it to For
ney ! Some gentleman in the crowd says
give it to Forney. I have only just to say
that I do not waete my ammunition upon
deiid duck Laughter. I stand for the
Constitution, where 1 placed my leet from
my entrance into public life. They may
traduce me,they may slander me, they may
vituperate ; but let me say to you that it
has no effect upon me; and let me say in
addition that I do not intend to be bullied
by my enemies. Cries of, ''The people
will sustain you !"'
I know, my countrymen, that it has been
insinuated, and not insinuated, but
said directly the intimation has been given
in high places that il snch a usurpation ol
power had been exercised two hundred
years ago, in a particular reign, it would
have cost a certain individual his head -.
What usurpation has Andrew Johnson been
guilty of? The usurpation I have been
guilts of has always been standing between
the people and the encroachments of pow
er ; and because 1 dared to sy, in a con
versation with a fellow citizen, and a Sena
tor, too, that I thought amendments to the
Constitution ought not to be so frequent;
that (heir effect would be that il would loe
a! its dignity ; that the old instrument
would be Iott sight of in a small lime be
cause I happened to say, in a cotiTeraiion,
that if it was amended, such and such
amendments should be aoopted we are
tclJ that it waa a uurpation of power that
would have lost a king his head at a cer
tain time. And in connection with this
nutject it was explained by the same gen
tleman that we were in tbe midst of earth
quakes; thai he trembled, and would no:
yield.. -Yet there is an earthquake coming;
there is a ground swell coming of popular
judgment and indignation. The American
people will speak by their instincts, and
they n ill know who are '.heir friends and
who are their envmie.
What positions have I occupied ? I have
occupied all position? under thi govern
ment, ginning with an alderman and
running through all branches of the Legis
lature. A voice ''From a tailor op.'
Some gentleman says I have been a tailor.
Now ihal did not discomfit me in the leat,
for when I ued to be a tailor I had the rep
u'alion of being a good one, and of making
close fits; a! ways .punctual with my cus
tomers, and always did good work. A
voice ' No patch-work.'" No, I do not
want any patch-work. I want a whole
suit. But we will pass fcy this facetious
ness. My friends may' say, "You are Pres
ident, and you must not talk about such
things." WheiF principles are involved,
my countrymen when the existence of
my country even is imperilled, 1 will act as
I have on former occasions, and speak
what I think. 1 was sayirg that I had held
nearly a! I positions, from alderman, through
both branches of Congress, to that which I
nowoccnp, and who is there, that will say
Andrew Johnson ever made a pledge that
he did nat redeem, or made a promise that
he did not folfil. Who will say that he has
ever acted otherwise than in fidelity to the
great mass of the people.' They may talk
about beheading and usurpation, but when
I am beheaded I want the American peo
ple to be the witnesses. I do not want, by
nuendo2s, by indirect remarks in high
places, to seo the man who has assassina
tion broc t!ing in hi bosom exclaim : ' This
presidential obstacle most be gotten out of
the way." I make use" of a very strong
expression wen I say, that I have no doubt
the intention was to incite assassination,
and to get out of the way the obstacle from
place ad .power. Whether by assassina
tion or not, there are individuals in this
government, I doubt not, who want to de
stroy oor institutions and change tbe char
acter of the government.
Are they not eatisG9d with the blood
which hes been shed? Does not the mur
der of Lincoln appeaso thg vengeance and
wrath ol the opponents of thi government?
Are they still unslaked? Do they still want
more blood ? Have they not honor and
courage enough to attain their objects oth
erwise than by tbe hands of tho assassin?
No, no ! I am not afraid of assassins attack
ing me where a brave and courageous man
would attack another. I only dread him
when he would go ia disguise, his foot
steps noiseless. If it is blood Jhey want,
let them have courage enough to strike like
cqoq. I Jtnow they are williog to wound,
7, 1866.
but they are afraid to strike. If my blood t
is to be shed because I vindicate tbe Union
and lae preservation of the governmeut in
its original purity of character, let it be shed;
but when it is shed, let an altar to the Uo
ion be erected, and then, if necessary, take
me and lay me upon it, and tbe blood that
now warms and animates my existence
shall be poured out as a fit libation to tbe
union of these States. Bat let tbe oppo
nents of this government remember that
when it is poured out, the blood of the mar
tyrs will be the seed of
Gentlemen, this Union will grow. Il will
continue to increase in strength and power,
though it may be cemented and cleansed
with blood. I have talked now longer than
I intended. Let me thank you for the hon
or you have done me. So far as this gov
ernment is concerned, let me say one other
word in reference to the amendments to the
Constitution of the United Slates.
When I reached Washington for the pur
pose of being inaugurated as Vice Presi
dent of the United States, I bad a conver
sation with Mr. Lincoln. We were talking
about ihe condition of affairs, and in refer
ence to matters in my own State I said
that we had caHed a con vention.and amend
ed our constitution by abolishing slavery in
the State a State not embraced in his proc
tarnation. All this met hii approbation, and
gave him encouragement, and in talking
upon ihe amendment to the Constitution,
he said : "When the amendment tp the
Constitution is adopted by three-fourths of
the Sta'es we shall have all, or pretty near
ly all. I am in favor of al least one other
amendment being adopted." Said I, "What
is that, Mr. President,?" Said be, "1 have
labored to preserve this Union. 1 have
toiled four years. I have been subjected to
calumny and misrepresentation. Yet my
great desire has been to preserve tbe Uoion
of the Statea intact nnder the Constiiction
as they were belore'." "Bat," said I, "Mr.
President, what amendment do you refer
to ?" He said "he thought there should be
an amendment added to to the Constitution
which would compel all the States to send
their Senators and Representatives to the
Congress of the United States." Yes, com
pel them. The idea was in his mind that
it is a part of the doctrine ol secession to
break up the government by States with
drawing their Senators from Congress, and,
therefore, he desired a constitutional amend
ment to compel them to be sent.
How now does the matter bland for the
Constitution of the country ? Even that
portion ot i: which provides for the amend
merit to the organic law says that no State
without its consent shall be deprived of its
representation in the Senate. And now
what do we find ? We find the position ta
ken thai the Slates shall not be represented ,
that we may impose taxes, that we may
send our tax collectors to every region and
portion of a State, that the people are to be
oppressed with taxes; but when they come
here to participate in the legislation of the
country they are met at the door and told
no you must pay your taxes, but you mnsi
not participate in the legislation of the
country whic,h is to affect yon lor all time.
Let U4 admit into the.cnuncils of the na
tion those who are enmiatakably and un
questionably loyal these men who ac
knowledge their allegiance to the govern
ment, and mean toeopport the Constitution.
It is all embraced in that. The amplifica
tion of an oath makes no difference if a
man is not loyal. But you choose to prove
their loyalty.
That is a malter of detail for which I care
nothing. ' Lei them be unquetionatly loyal
in their allegiance to the goveroment, and
willing to sopport it in its hour cf peril and
of need, and I am willing to trust them. 1
know that some do not attach so much im
portance to these principles as I do,but one
principle we carried through the revolu'.ion
was that there should be no taxalioji with
out representation, I hold to that principle
laid down as fundamental by our fathers.
If it was good then, it is good now. If
it was a rule to stand by then, it is a rule to
stand by now. Ii is a fundamental princi
ple that should be adhered to as long as
tree government las's.
I know it was said by some during the
rebellion that oor CotisMtu.ion haJ been
rolled up as a piece of parchment and laid
away, and that in time of war and rebellion
there was no Constitution. Well, we know
that sometimes, from the very great neces
sity of the case, from a great emergency,
we must do unconstitutional things in order
to preserve ihe Constitution itself.
But if while the " rebellion was going on
the Consti'ution was rolled up as a parch
ment, it it was violated in some particulars
to save the government, there may have
been some excuse to justifiy it ; but now
that peace has come, now the war is over,
we want better Constitution, and I say the
time has come to take the Constitution
down, to enroll it, re-read it, and to under
stand its provisions Now if you eaved the
government by violating the, Constitotioa
in war, you can save it in peace by pre
serving the Ccnstiiution, and the only way
to preserve it i by a strict adherence lo the
Constitution of our fathers as it is now un
folded. II must now be readied understood by
the American peopK 1 come here to-day,
as far as I can in making these remarks, to
viadicate the Constitution, and lo save it,
for it does 6eera to me' that encroachment
after encroachment is proposed. I stand
to-day "prepared, solar as I can, to resist
these encroachments upon the Constitution
and the goveromeut. Now that we have
peace,' let rj eulorcd lha Cabtitntion. Let
Dollars per Annua In Adrance
os live under and Dy 'in provision.
Let it be published, let it be printed ia
blazing characters, as if il were in tbe bear
ens punctuated wiih stars, that all may- t
read and understand. Let os consult that
instrument ; let os digest its provisions and- .
understand them, and, understanding, abid
by them.
I tell tbe opponents of this government, t
care not from what . quarter they come,
whether from tbe east, west, north or sooth,
yoa who are engaged in the work of break
ing op ibe government by amendments to
the Constitution, that the principles of tree
government are deeply rooted in the Amer-
ican beart. All tbe powers combined, (
care Lot of what character they. are, cannot
destroy that great instrument that great,
charter of freedom. Tbey may seem to
succeed foe a time, but their attempt will
be futile. They might as well undertake to
lock op ihe winds or chain the waves ot tbe
ocean, and confine them to limits. Tbey
may think now it can be done by concur
rent resolutions, but when it is submitted
to the popular judgment and to the popular
will, they will find that they might as well'
introduce a resolution to repeal the law of'
gravity as to keep this Union from being re -6tored.
I'ts juet about as feasible to resist the
great law of gravity which binds all to a
common centra, as that great law of gravi
ty wnich will bring back these Siates ani
replace them in their relations. All these .
conspiracies and machinations north and ;
south cannot prevent i'. . All that is wanted
is time, until the American people can get'
to know what is going on. I would the '
whole American people could be assembled
here to-day as you are. I wish we bad an ,
amphitheatre capacious enough to boll,
these 30,000,000 of people, that they couli '
be here to wi'ners the struggle that is going
on to preserve the Constitotioa of their fa
thers. They would settle this question ;
they could see wbo it is, and how it is, and
what kiod of spirit is manifested ia break
ing up tbe government. Yes, when tbey
come to see tbe strcggle, and lo understand
who is against them; if oa would maka
them perform the part of gladiators ia tba
first tilt, you would find the enemies of the)
country crushed and helpless.
I have detained you longer than 1 intend
ed. We are in a great struggle. 1 am your
instrument. Who is there I have not toilel
aud labored for I Where is the man or wo
man in public or private life who Las not
always received my attention or my time ?
Pardoa the egotism ; tbey say that mart
Johion a lucky man, that no man can
defeat him. 1 will tell yoa what constitute
lock. It is to do right and be for the peo
ple. That is nhat constitutes good lock.
Somehow or other the people will fiad oof
and understand who is lor and who is against,
ihem. I have been placed in as many try- -ing
positions as any mortal man was ever
placed in, but so far I have not deser ed th
people, and I believe ihey will not desert
roe. f
What principle have I violated ? What,
sentiment have I swerved from 1 Can tbey
put their fingers upon it ? Have yoo beard
them point out any discrepancy ? Have
you heard them quote my predece6sor,who
tell a martyr to his country's cause, as go
ing in opposition or in contradistinction tof
anything that I have done I The very poli
cy which I am pursuing now was pursued
under his administration, and was beir.jf
porsoed by birn when the inscrutable Prov
idence saw fit to remove him, I trust, to a
belter world tban this. Where is there ons
principle adop'ed by him in reference to
the restoration of the Union that 1 have de
parted Irom ? None ! none !
The war, then, is not simply npon me,
but upon my predecessor. 1 have tried to
do my duty. 1 know ihat some people, ia
their jealousies, have made the remark,'
"the While House is President." Just lep
rae say that the charms of the White House
and all that sort of flummery has less in
fluence with me than with those who are
ta'king abont it. Tbe little 1 eat or wear
itoe not amount lo much ; that required to
sustain me and my little family is very lit
tle : for I am not feeding many, thoon, in
one sense of consangninity or affinity, I am
akin to everybody. The conscious satisfac-'
lion of having performed my doty to my
country is all the re ward I have.
Then, in conclusion, let me ask this vast
concourse, this sea of upturned faces, to go
wi.h me in standing round the Constitution
ot our country. It is again unfolded, and
the people are invited to read, to onde
stand aad to maintain it' Let us stand by. ' -the
Constitution of out fathers, though the"
heavens themselves may I all. Let us stand
by it, though faction may rage, though
taunts and jeers may pome, though vita
peration may come in its most violent char
acter, I will be lound standing by the Con
stttution as the chief rock ol our safety, as '
tho palladium o!-our civil and religions;
Ye, let us cling to it as the mariner cling;
to the last plank whn the nght and ten-'
pest close aroond him.
Accept my thanks for the indulgence you.
have given me in making the extern pora- -yr.
tieous remarks I have upon this occasion.'
I.e us go forward, forgetting tho past and
looking to the future, and try to restore our '
country, trusting in him who rules on high
and on tbe earth below, that ere long our ,
Uoion will be restored, and that we will
have peace not only on earth but especially
wiih yie people of the United States and '
good will.
I thank yoa for tho respect yoa bave t
manifested to me o-iHuhis occasion, and if
the lime shall comeduring the period of
my existence when this country is to b
destroyed and its government overturned,
if you will look oat yoa will find ibe hum- .
ble individual who stands before yoa there
with you endeavoring to avert its final da- ,
The President retired amidst a storm of
spplacee. ,
Jcy When sitting alone by the aide
of a beautiful Woman, one cares little
how grasping 6be is. -
teSr A Man can't help what happens .
behind his laok, as the so rap said when
ha wgj kicked oat of tba fjoir &t atl&nwt