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TERMS OP TIH2J AMERICAN."
H. B. MAS9KR, . ) Ptratisaaae ash
JOSEPH EISELY. PnoriiiSToas. .
u. a. Msaisn jedUw. ,'...4
Ojice in Centre Alley, in the rear of If. Mas
Mt'n Slie.) ," '
THK" AMERICAN" iliVubflihVd f Vf ry fatnr.
dsy Hi TWO DOLLARS per annum to be
paid half yearly in advance. No paper discontin
uod till Ait arrearages are paid. 1
No subscriptions received for less period thin
six moth. All communication or letters on
business relating to the nffleB, to Insure attention,
nun bo POST PAID.
H, Ba XslASSER,
ATTORN BY AT LAW,
SVXTBTjmT. PA. '
Business attended to in the Counties of Nor
thuml erland, Union. Lvcoming and Columbia. :
Refer to I
' P. & A. Fbvofbt,
Lows Si Banno,
8omkss A. Hwonoaiss,
! Rifnoitii, McFaatAwn &i Co.
Rrsaiwo.Oevin &. Co., '
CITY ATJCTIOIT STORE,
Xo. 31 North Third treel, . ,
'(llta THK CITI BIITt.)
PH XL ADBI.PHI A.
C. 0. M A C K E Y, Auctioneer.
TO COUNTRY STORK KEEPERS.
I "EVENING SALES of Hardware, Cutlery,
2J Saddlery, Whip. Boots, Shoes, Hsts,
. ... Cap. Guna, . Pistol. Clothing, .
Watches and Fancy Gmds,
At Mrkey 'a Auction Store, 31 North Third
atreet, new the City Hotel ' '
The attention of Country Mivchante ia invited.
The Good will lie a Id in 'lota to suit purchaser,
and nil Good offend will be warrao'ed equsl to the
presentations that may be made rfthem.
' N. B. A large assortment of Good at Private
Sale. ian. I. t4T ty
The Cheapest Cold nn.i Silver Watches
jgTIOT.D Lever, fall Jewelled,
Silver do. . do. ;
Gold Lepines, Jewelled, . ,.
Silver do. do.
Silver tjusrtiors, fine quality, "
4)iild Welches, plain,
Gold Pencils, . .
Also, on hand, a Wire n. Tttn-nt of tfMd and
Hair Bracelets, fincer tins:, breast ina. hoop ear
ring, gold pen, ilver pnon, augar tontr. thim
ble, gold neck, curb and f.b chnine, gunrd key
and jewellery of every description, at equally low
prices. All I want i a cjM to convince cuxto
All 4einda of Watehea and Olocka repaire-l and
WHtmnted to keep good time for one year ; old
gold or aitver bought or tkn in exchange. .
For aale, eight day and thirty hour bra rlork,
t LEWIS I. A DOM US'
Watch, C4o.k and Jwelte y Store. No. 413J
Mnrket atreet, above Eleventh, north aide, Phila
phia. dj I have aome Gold and Silvei Lever, still
much cheaper than the above price.
Philadelphia, Dee. t. 184B. 1
To The 1. 0. 0CO. F.'
J. W. & E. D, STOKES,
Manufacturers of Premium Odd Fel
AV. 194 Jfrei SlreeJ, PHILADELPHIA,
Firat Clothing Store below 6th Street.
THE ubcriher tiaving taVen the premium at
Franklin (ntitaie, at the ll exhibition, for
the let Regalia, thev invite the attention of the
order to their eildihment, where they will find a
rp'endid aortment of P. G. ami Enrninpmeiit Re
galia. They alr-o make l oriler for !.xhsr mil
drrampmente. Kega'ia. Sashi. ((m and
Kobe, and furnixh every thine requiaite for the
c. im'iiiencc of new Lolgf or Vim ampmenr.
J. W. STOKES,
Philadelphia, Dee. 19, 184B. Iy
No. G North 3d st., third door , above
tfALE EVERY EVENING, .if a general a
a enrtment of Foreign and Domestic Hardware,
Tabid and Porket Cutlery. Trunk, Lock,
Latcheta, Uolt. uw, SaJtllery, btpa,- 1
Boots, rboa, Hata, Cai. Guna,
Piatola, Tnmmion, CMbiug
and Fancy GimWI.
The attention of city and country dealer i io
vtted. The Good are frevfa, and wilt be warranted
eipial to the representation tlut may be made of
tin m. UAVLIS & BKOOKEK, Xtcnrr,
No. 6 North Third t.
N. B. Purehaanta ran have their Good parked.
Several invoice of Good ba kta received ta be
atdd at piivate valo. . ,
Philadeifhia. D-e. lath, lM6.1y
nhe pul4ic will pie od nerve that no Brandieth
- Pill are genuine, unleaa the lx ha three la
bel upon it, (the Uis the ile and the bottom)
t4-h containing a fue-aimilt aignalure of my hand
writing. lhu U. UatTK. M. D- TH la-
bel-aie eviaraved on tel beautifully designed,
and done at an eipeime nf over f 2.000. Therefore
it will be een that the ouly thing nerry to pro
cure the medicine in ita purity, i to observe the
iahel. . ......
Remember the tojs the i,le, and tlra boltum.
The following respective peraon are duly auibi.ri
ed, and hoM
OZKTXrZOATSS of AGrzroT
. For lb aale of tiranitreik's Vegetable Vmverta,
Northunibeilatid county t Milton Mickey &
ChambeiHn. Hunhury H. B. Masser. M'Eena-
ville .Ireland A Meixell. Nodhuratiland Wm.
Fontytb. Georgetown J. A J. Wall. j
. Union County! New Berlin Bogar & Win.
ter. Setinagro George Gundium. Midtlle
burg Isaac Smith. Beavertown David Hubler.
Adamaburg Wm. J. May. Mitflinabaiit Meaeeh
ot Ray. HarUeloo Daniel Long. Freaburg
G. A F. C. Moyer. Lewiaburg Walla A Green.
Columbia county 1 Danville E. B, Revoalda
A Co. Berwick Shuman A Kittenhouae. Cat
tawieaa C. G. Brobts. Bloomlurg John R.
Mnyer. Jetaey Town Levi Biael. Washington
Kobt. MrCay. Limestooe BaU! t M:t-ch.
Obeerve that each Agent ha an Engraved Cer
tificate of Agency, containing representation ol
lir BRANDRETH'8 Mantaaclory at Sing Sing,
and upon which will atao be aeen. exact copiea of
the new lubelt mow we4 upon tki Brmndreth Pitt
Philadelphia, office No. 8, Nmtb 8th atreet
B BRANDKETU, M. D
a Jtint 81th, 1843,
Absolute acquiescence In the decisions of the
By Manser A. Elncly.
. CSOTEIlKOtl'S MESSAGE;
TV (he Senate anijfnuer of Rmrencntatisei
r nf the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Fl ' ' ' "' r..j-'i " ' '
. . VI'HI tUUtH I
?.! ' 1 ? . A I . ! tt.l.l "
The policy of ipci rporttin; minmp, tnanufar
hiring, transporting and other conipantca, Ibr
piirptwpg appropriately within ttidividiial compp.
tency, hia been mirlydiacuaed 1 and, cuided by
the une rrinjr dcinonatrationa. that the enter
prieea are moat eiicccaa'ully and bein ficially
conducted, under the control of. individual re
aponaibility, the public opinion haa been exprea
ed in the aplrit nf the age inr wliich we live, a
gainst the policy. 0 " "
While all the great departmenleof bnaineaa
in Ihe Commonwealth are pmepernualy conduc
ted, under free, and equal competition, there
are yet aome men, who eeem to. eland anil,
while the world ia going onward around litem,
and whncherieh the antiquated notion, that the
timid, contracted ' and aelnVh aggregation of
wealth, under the protection of corporate) pri
vilcgee, ia preferable for the tratiaart on of buei
TiPfd, to the tree ardent and bounding capnbtltttea
nf individual enterprize: a power ainre Wil.
Iram Penn arrive! on theae ahnrea, in 16H2. hna
changex! an imtnerne wildemeaa ' into fruitful
fietda, and h1 in this march nf civilization and
improvement, provided for the want, the com
fort, .tm edecartnn and refinement, of, lwo.mil
KonaofiTee people.' What have cni-porationa
done in thi great achievement ! Where are
hn tnvMiKMi if ttipie rrpnemn nirit. thrir valnr
utiiitvl Thev are behind tho timea
they belong to an age tnat ta 01. 1 ne time
was, in oltirr countriea. where all the right of
ttie people wero naurped bv rleepotio povern
mentf. when grant by the kins; to a portwirt of
hie subject, of enroporate privileges, to carry
on trnne. or lor municipal ptirposfc, was a par
r ia T enfranchiHement, and made the mean of re
timing aome ol their civil righta. ' Theft aw)
there, corporations had merita, and were cher
ished by the friend of I berty. But, in thi age
and country, under our free system, where the
people are sovereign to grant special privileges,
it ia an inversion of the order of thin?. It is
Mil to restore, but to take away from tho people,
their common rights, end give them to a SVw.
It ia ogo back to the dark ages for instruct ion
in the science of government, ars;! having found
an example, to wrest it from ita original pnrpo.e,
and to mike it the instrument nf restoring the
inequality nA despotism, which its introduc
tion tended to correct
The fallacy that, where large investments
are required to carry, on a profitable business,
(and corporators do not associate lor that which
ia unprofitable,) individual means are inade
quate, ig everywhere refuted. in this happy
Further, by cherishing any particular biii-
netg, and surrounding it with special privileges
the natural law, which secures to every branch
ot business ita appropriate encouragement and
reward, ta violated, lender this law, so kindly
provided by II ni whorulesall things, every indi
vidual man, onlrauiineled by the curses nfbad
government, gnided by his moral and intellectu
al powers a nii Ins religious principle, advances
his own happiness and improves bin owp condi
tion , and, thus, the happinei-s and prosperity of
all are promoted. Every effort to tnoil fy or
subvert this sovereign law, by placing' classes,
professions or callings beyond ita control, lias
hilhurti), and ever will, like every other trans
grefitiktn, be destructive of good. If our free
instiMitinns are riglit if it is right that all men
should be he'd equal if this is the law of our
nature, enstamped by Him who made 11a, then
every human Uv whi-h iuipairs equally, is
radically and intrinsic al'y wrong.
1 ha Report of the Cannl Commissioner will
furnish information, in detail, in regard 10 the
public work. Notwithstanding the. iiitcrrun
tmni ol business t xperienced during the year,
the gratifying result is presented, ol a large in
crease of tolls over any preceding year: The
increased and increasing value ol these great
works, render them an object worthy of pe
culiar care and protection; and must, forever
negative the idea of the Slate surrendering the
control over thrtn, to corporation.
The Pennsylvania railroad cianpany, tieve
Commenced the construction nf their road, b.
I ween this pi ice and the city of Pitteburg, un
der very favorable auspices. The Eastern di
vision is now under contract as far as Lewis
town, and it is expected Ihe remaining portion
ot it, as tar as Udlidayburg, will ba put under
contract during the ensuing Spring. The com
pletion of Hits great public work, even to lloll'i
dayebiirg, will augment the trade and travel
upon the Philadelphia and Columb a road. This
prospective increase of busineis, urges the ne
cessity of considering the means of avoiding
tne inclined plane, at the Schuylkill.
A the PhtWelphia and Columbia railroad,
is the important link which connect the main
line nf our public improvements, aa well as the
North snd West hranch cinals, with the com
mercial metropolis of the tftate, snd upon the
control and management of which Ihu value nf
our csnals mainly depend, every thing which
n lutes to it, is of the highest concern lo the in
terest nf he C 'intnnnwelth. In adopting mea
sure In chango it route, so a to reach the
city without passing - Ihe inclined plane, the
greatest circumspection and care should be ob
served, to secure the best location prsct'cable,
and to protect Ihe Slam against exorbitant
cUim tor damages.' No change of ' location
should be sanctioned, until (lie whole question
is esrefii.Hy examine!, by one or more ot the
moat cotnpeient engineers, who are entirely
free from a!l interest in ilia decision. Under
M cireumslaneea, should soy plan r arrange,
men! be entertained, by which the States would
for a s ugle moment, be deprived of (he owner
ship snd entire control of Ihe road.
The report of the Auditor General, snd Slate
I reasurer, present, in detail, the financial oper
ationenfthe year; and I take pleasure in say
ing, that the industry, ability, and fidelity, with
which Iheae departments have been administer
ed, are deserving of the highest comment! slim.
The Commonwealth has heretofore sustained
mi ny losses, by the deity ol the settlement of
accounts, and the omiaHtn In enforce the pay
ment of Ihe balances found due when settled
Within the last few years, many old accounts
nave oecn noaiiy settled, ma suic brought and
AND SHAMOKIN JOURNAL. -
majority, the vital principle of Republic, fiom which
Siinbiiry, If orthumberiaiid Co.In.8atnrdayi Jan. 15, ts IS.
prosecuted lo Judgment, and fxculion, tor ba-1 estate itr nne-fliltd of Ihe real estate,' aflit the
lances of long Handing, rmbracing the terms of -payment rT all the debts and, if Ihe estate Is
several admrstratiotia -"-This! has, in many in- i r.oi sullieienl trt the paymenrft' tne di bis.'sl.e
stances, -produced' cases of extreme hardship 'tnoses ill. But the' wile Cattmrt rnrtimber the
u;oa.bail,sinerwhnm have butt Compelled tva I estate tle holds' in htrown figl.t.atid upon
to pay . Ihe tw Unices round due, with Ihe sccu- her death, 'ffte 'whole' vests In Ihe hubband, du
tiiulated inf rest, aflei the juslvcncy pf their ' ring hie natural life. ' ' "
principals arm eo-sim t.rs.., .. ..
I am gra'tfied in being able tossy, that the
hotiness Imposed rrpon the accounting oflicers,
by a special act el assembly, in eidtectipg these
old le bis, has not ouly beep faithfully performed
but that the current business has been prompt
ly attended to,, and kept up- To -enable the
n. oi.or vreu- mroower, ,u cnrn.nue . .0 .
lull iiistu-e In the interests nf the State, and a I
J . . , . , - . 1 i'en. at trie stneot her litihrmnn, ns equal in
?lTfhn ,T:?,r;V::,0n ' ""de f' -"'Innilv. Then why sho tld he?riohfs
to pay addilional clerk litre. , . , . , tS proprr,y , ,ft g great extent, controlled
hile on thin subject, I , would respectfully by . ibe contracted and illiberal enactments ot
invite attention to the organization ol thetH- I n ape when her husband washer lord.and be
ces of ihe Auditor General and Stote 1 reasurf r, mir-tit ct.as'ise her, bv I vw, as ir she were a ser
in ascertain whether the regulations and checks f Our la w ' very carefully prov-des. that
exihting, are sufTicient, in all respects, lo secure the hoeband shall not', without the lormal con
a proper accountability, and protect tint iiiit-.'.nl his wife, cmvev h's real estste by deed,
rests o? the Commonwealth. Il is true,, that , bar her right nf dower, and if thi con
the public has for many years sustsined no Ins- ,rnt jB , gIVf,f hl.r ritr,, ;H pr,pC,P,, ater
ses by the I'reasnry. but. I apprehend that Ihe ,, d,;,, Cainst theclxims of his creditors.
laithUilneps ol the sgenle, bsving cJ.arg of Now. if this be a sound principle, and worthy of
theae departments, and not the checks prnvid.-d ,., ,0Pmn. Mnr.)inna it hsa received I mm the
by the law. haa produced this result. Th'S tea llMure and Ihe Judieiarv, why should it
propitotis period for Instiinting sn examination nni he extendi d. snasm preserve to the wWow
ot the subject, particularly as tne present wor- j,er dower, in all case, where thn husband has
thy rifbcer hold en large a share of the publ.c ,,, oniT (,y ,te,.d) bllt hv otr,,rmo,ne, sanction
confidence.. Since the establishment of Ihe ; rrf by the law. disp-ml of Ins real estate, with
present system, Ihe finances of Ihe stste have . t the rormul consent of his wile! It the hu
tncreasfd from a few hundred thousands, tonear- I bspd contracts 1I1 his. his real entate i- as . II- c
ly foor millionaol dollars. annua'ly. The rcgu-i t,r transferred bvlhe law. for the nv of his
Is.!, and chcks which were thrn considered , crrd,iors, as if he had eovveyed u by deed, with
sufficient, may now be inadequate to protect the ; ,np f ,.pent of his wife . il us Ihe law. ht pr.v
iniereats ot the Commonwealth, in its enlsrged f ml, nahh s Ihe husbi.pd. t y tuie mot'e ot irons
aiirt increasing financial open. imps.. : . , fPf to bar Ms wife' dower, witi-out h-r con
The Auditor General's office, lo be an fli- ! ppnif j, oroct ,rr right wi'h ihe gteiit
cienl check upon Ihe Treasury, should be so : -Prt pertinacity, if te" sdopfs another 111.1I1. ..f
orgsmz-d. that the Auditor General might , tr.tr. . the wiHowV rtuht ..f dower rod
know, at all times, Ihe condition of the Treasn- j j onecase. as is nnivercaliy admitted, it ise
ry, frmlhe books of his own office, without be- '.q,lB!y tsffwnl in the other, and ihe powrr of the
lug dep. ml til 011 those of the Treasury. . If rand In tke it awry, by changing Ihe mmte
errors or omissions exist in Ibe Treasury, the transferring the etate, i d.struciiv- of a
Auditor General's books should detect and cor- 1 .n,,, ,nH v.elt ertnblised principle, and shoit'd
n et them. This is nol the esse under the pre-; n rrrPBPH. This conelusion appear to me to
sent organization and mode of doing business, be irresistible s and J, therefore, reci nmeml the
HI the IWO office. j nnnsr-e nf ! spriiriid. lo -ionm-.l ui.inrn
m atso occtiis io me, inai greater security a
ginst Ihe misapplication of tooneys In Ihe Trea
sury, and no deposit in the bank In the credit
of the Treasurer, should be provided by the in
stitution of some check upon hi draft snd pay
ments. The moneys of the Commonwealth, on
deposite to the credit of the Treasurer, varying
in smnoot for i.nme ninnllis in the venr from !
four hundred thousand, lo near a mtlJiou of dol- lha s'dct of granting legislative divorces
lnrs, s re subject to his draft alone, while he is ! These opinions have, been strengthened by fur
only required to give security in ihe sum of rv' clion, end I shsll si h ic lo ll.cm.
eighty thousand doitnre. Thus a very greatsnd . Tne rrBl purpiHM r whirl, the law ma
dapgerous power is crn.fided lo one msn. ki1(, W09 c-.iabli. lied in Ihe Ckikiuoii-
I. therefore, sungest the propriety of rcqui- I wealth, have been accomplished, tleni ral laws
ring the Auditor Genera! to countersign nlH have been emitted, and have received the apprs
dralis for the payment of money drawn by Ihe batmn of the people, lor securing the epj. y
Treasury, 011 Ihe depositories, or for transfer- inetit of the life, the liberty, and reputation ot
ring monies from one depository lo another. . j t!ie citizens, and for protf cling them in the bc
The report of the Aljuiant General, exhibits : l'iiMt:nn. psession,hnd transmisfirn of proper
the number of the militia of the Commonwealth, t lv- ' in the pursuit ot their own happiness,
as well us Ihe ami and military atoree. T,,p touiidattuns nf good government being thus
This detail shows the l nu nta of military ' , the lime ot the Genem! Assembly, si ita
power of the Commonwealth the lreiith of
a Republican (invr
rniiicnt. The experience ol
the lust few years, has added proofs to the value
of this institution, and presents Ihe subject, as
one of grunt importance, to the care and super
vision of the Legislature.
The report of the Superintendent of Common
Schools, exhibits s full view of the prngressand
steady advancement, ol our admirable system
ot Common School iosrrurtion, which is diffu
sing its bbssinga to the rising generation, and
strengthens all pur free instilutiona. The man
who loves his race cannot find a more delight
ful subject of Contemplation, than this univer
sal provision for Ihe education nf all the chil
dren ot the Common wealth; anil thna arming
them with knowledge ar.d power, and fitting
them for maintaining the rank and dignity of
freemen. I ho perfection ol the system, ts one
of the noblest objects ot legislation, snd will se-
cure Ihe esrly anil continued attention of the
ou are rnspecitully referred lo the report ol
Ihe Surveyor G'-pcral, for information ill rels,- i
ion 10 the operations of the Land tillire, dunog
the past year, by which it will be seen, the re
ceipts into Ihe Treasury, from that source, have
, The final Geological report, now finished and
ready for the press, has been deposited by Hen
ry I). Rogers, Esq. Hie State Geologist, with
the Secretary of Ihe Commonwealth. This re
port ia represented lo contain a general and sci
entific view ol all Ibe Rocky strata, and their
contents J heir order ol arrungeinetit, and Ihe
region of cnuntiy they occupy, and representing,
in detail, the situation ot every layer ot Cral,
every important vein snd bed of iron ore, and
every other mineral deposite, of utility, within
Ibe state. I be a'ate hss expended a Urge sum,
in collecting Ihe - materials, and informal ion.
contained in tins elaborate ami extensive re
port, which will be in great degree, loM, unless
II is published, I therefore, recommend the
subject ot publication lo Ihe eaily attention of
Hie legislature. ............
The right ol . properly of married women,
present, in my opinion, s proper subject ol le
gislative consideration. Ily our laws, Ihe hus
band tipna marriage, posses- ihe power of be
coming lite absolute owner of Ihe personal es
tate ni his wife, by reducing it into possess iop,
and when bu thus acquires tins owneiship,' he
may dispose pf it by will, at his death, In whom
ne p ease, fine naa tne privilege, ny isw, ni
renouncing Ihe ernste or property devised or
bequeathed to her by will; snd upon such re
nunciation, she is entitled to dower of her bus
bmd's real estate, ol which he died seized. The
wile hss no control of her own personal eaia'e,
or ot that ol her husband during the marriage,
unless it be an extorted allowance lor necessa
lies; and at her death, she hss do power to dis
pose ol even that which was ber own, by will ;
but the whole belongs In the husband. The
husband may encumber his estate, by contrac
ting debts without the consent of his wife 1 and
upon bis dying intestate, she is only entitled to
the onc-lniiu of the personal csUle, and a hie
A M31 A N
f $ . - .:' av
s-s-r eve .- s r ' i rn
there iV) pp af'(iut to force, the 'vital principle
The icv! as well as the li.slice ,,f thiarfia-
1 tinclinn. made by Ihe law in, favor of the. bus
bind, snd against the wife, may well be qtifs
ITnricd. The liberal snd 1 n lightened sp rit o'
Ihe age, ha developed and secured the rights nf
.ff 9t snicf hits' HfedeeiUM wonn and rlevairtl
li r, from the degrading position she occupied,
sm, pWH her. where she always sh d hsv
. . ... ;. - . ... -. ..
their riyht of dower, in a'l esses where Ijie es
tales of theii hu-hnnds are iransfi rri &. aflrr the
pnssaee of the eel, without their formal consent
In the annual mepsage, to the I'gi-liiture ot
the last secfinn, snd inseversl nietsspis coplni-
nipf rh 'C ioi'S to b'lls for niesnlvtpg marr'age
Contract, I have expressed my opilMMI Upon
j annuel sessions, n uioro occupied 111 providing
tor Ihe coutingenriea llml arise in the progress
of our afliirs, than in changing the organic
laws, Bo is altes'rd by reference lo the annua1
onnctinen's of the Legislature, for some years
past, but few general, wlnl a large number of
local laws, have heen enacted. The tendency
se.'tns to be to substitute special, for general le.
girlat on ; a prac ice which may well bc regar
ded aa of doiibtlul utility and it presents a
question, which, in my opinion, deserves grav
consideration. General laws, afTeetiiig the
whole community, receive, jn their discussion.
Ibe deliberate consideratii n of all the Repn sen
lativeaoflhe people. That which intereslsall.
arrests the attention, and secures the care and
close investigation of all. Hence, general laws
have impressed upon them, the wisdom, therx.
perience, and Ihe judgment, of eviry member of
Ihe Legislature. Having received thisi'elibrr-
ate sanction, they usually meet wiih tho appro
bat ion of the peoplu, and becomo permanent
rules ot action. Thisreasonibleprae.iice.liiniis
and siiuplih'-s the questKHiS submitted for legis
lative discussion, is calculated In shorten the
sessions, reduce the expenses of the government,
snd give dignity and importance to the proceed-
inga ot the tieperal Aseeinbly.
On Ihe other hand, local legislstion excites
no interest. A lew members, only, who reprf
sent the county, township or borough to which
the change ot the liw is proposed, are concern
ed in arranging the provisions, and .being t
often passed upon their request, those special
acts are sent lorih, wnh all the imperfections
w hich the wisdnm and deliberate e re of the
Imlu body, if they had been general laws,
would have corrected. The direct tendency ol
this prscttce. is to multiply :bo demand tor lo
cal laws-a demand which haa increased from
year In year, lo art alarming extent, which n
indiHtry nf the General 'Assembly will be uble
within the lumt ol an ordinary session In salM
ly, it the practice is continue,!. U it not tin
praclicab'e, in a great S ti like I'onnsy'vania
In provide special acta to meet all the dill- reu
ami changing views ot the cit tens, ol every
borough tow nship sndconr.ty 7 snd if this were
practicable, would not the pdiry of ?d Wishing
sp infinite variety nfdiflerent rule-, for the mis
people.be exci roingly questionable, anil Hiiro-
duce great confusion and uncertainty ' Ai.ui
it not defeat one grear and tn'iirfloial ibjcf ol
sound legislation, which ia permanency of ibe
laws ! -Is there not true wiedmii, aiMl sound
policy, in preserving and ttrerigthiug the unit
of Ibe Cninoioiiwealth, and in maintaining uii
lurm interests, cuoma and habits 1 It is true.
there are shades of difference in tho condition
snd local circumstances of the citizens, of sepe
isle districts of ihe Slats ( but, men advanctn
and impri yiog cootitry, where interctsiree is
direct, and the social retat'ona of lite are so
generally dinusrd, these will gradually and cer
laiuly dispear under Ihe influence of general
lawa. We are one people without reference
lo nor ancestry, or the place of our birth. W
art all I'rnnsyivaniana we have the same con
atilulioii ot gomuuuut ibe Hi tug cvuqiu
and immediaie parent of despotism. Jerrns-so.
Vol. 8--X0. IT Whole Xo. 3M1
rights then n hy shoulJ we not have the same
In conclusion, permit me to assure oit, pen
ili men. that I s'isll meet hesrlily co eperate
with vnu, in all your rflnrts lo ndvarxe our be
loverf Conwiionwealth, and to promote the wel
fare of the people. FilS. R SU'JMv.
Fxrt'TIVB ChavibKR.' )
Hnrrisburg. January 5 lu18.
Morkof thk Durici t.ty amomo thk OprieFns
An evening' paper has t"lie following from a
Wshington correspondent i "Officisl intelli
gence has eir., T understand of 'he arrest of
General Worth by Gs neral Scott The diflicul
ly is believed to have Arisen out of the issue, by
the commanding general, of the general order
against letter writine.-' It appeared to be the
general impression of the officers of the army in
Mexico, that General Worth va allmled 1J a
one of the 'vain, conceited ar.d envioua hero.'
General Worth addressed a very respectful note
to Geneial Scott, asking a fiank avowal from
him, whether he must consider himself ebnox-
ions to Ihe reproof conveyed in that order.j Gen.
Scott evaded a direct reply, but answered the
not. General Worth respectfully repeated the
ri-qnest.' To this ii-cond note General Scott de-
lined giving a more specific answer, and inform
d his correspondent that he could not hold him
self responsible for the inferences it might please
the officers to draw from hi phraseology. ' Gen-
ral Worth thereupon drew up a statement of the
ntira correspondence between the rommander-
n chief and h:nelf. nd addressed ii to the Secre
iity of War, with remarks of his own as to the
r just ice with whirh he had been treated, and
ssnring the Secretnry that but for his regard to
he public service, he should, file charge against
eneral Scott This stalenifiif, directed as an
pjwal to the Secretary of War, he sent unsealed
o Genersl Scott, r--q'iesting him to transmit it
Washington. Gen. Fcnft refused to forward
t.'nt the request of'Geneta! Worth, but forth-
vi jth put Gen. W. tinder arrest and reported him
o the War Department for indolence to his su
perior efflcer.' ke..' nd lo sustain the charges,
ransmit thestatemept drawn up by Gen Worth.
Thia iathe girt of the eonlwversey, as I "have it
from good authority. 1 rannot undertake,' nf
course, to give the exact language of document
hat 1 have never e-en. No doubt the paper
will be called for by Congress, and then- Ibe
ruth will out. It is surmised that the govern
nient may recall Seott." .
A Vovi went at Tiir Capital of Mexico
The follow ing notice sppi srs in the Star, prin-
ed at Mexico.
A fall The efTicrM of the American ar
iny, the citizen attsclied thereto, Mexican citi
zi ns, foreigiiers, and such other individuals as
eel disposed, sre invited to meet in the Si'nafe
""hnn ber, at the National IVilaco, in Siurd-iy
atterrven n' x, li ren her 4. at 4 o clock, I ., M
for the purpose of wt'.'inj th preliminaries and
liking stock in a contemptatcd railroad between
the cny of Mexico and Vera Cruz and Ihe in
termed iate points. Many of the cit.Z'nsof the
Umted States having indicated a determination
to occupy the territory of M' xco, it is expected
hat the spirit of internal improvement, hi' her-
o unknown in thiscountiy, will be called forth."
There were bn' few Mexicans pr- sent, but one
d them stated that he was thereto represent
some four nr five others, srid pledged h'me!',
should the secwrity of Ihe undei taking be inani
fested, to raife n'tui millions of subscriptions for
the stock at once. After this, w ho will say we
Yankees are not a crest people !
(Uron Von Urosk, of the Prussian army,
who distinguished himself at the National
Ri idge in August last, by his courage and skill,
una! also in thcengapi ments which afterwards
took place before the corumsnd under Msjor
lastly rescind Jalaps, has arrived in New Or
leans from Vera Crt z. The Dolts spesking of
hun says. '
' The Huron waa wounded in the hip ; at the
head nr two companies took a
fort at Iho Ns-
tional B idge ; ami was of great use to Msjir
Lally throughout. He came to this country
by permission of the King of Prussia, to serve half nf the persona cmpl ijeJ in pi.b'ic snd pri
wiih our army in thv Mexican Campaigns, vste establishment have been laid up. Ouona
General Scott, to whom hebriught letters,
trt sli d him with tnarkrd attention in the city
of Mi x'teoi and invited hint lo j Tin the itafl.
The fli'htiog being over for Ihe present, acd Ihe
Rirnn's absence from Prussia being necessarily
limited, he will occupy the remainder ot this
time in visiting Cuba, and afterwards the Uni
ted States, on bis return home. '
;lJ j '., ...-.4.. ill- . ' -1
1 , Dkatu Of LiniT. KiiMJitv. The news of
Ihe di alli ul Lieut. A. ltsJgely ia confirmed by
letter published in Rilumore from Vera Crue.
A letter Ailed Vera Cruz, Iee. til, stales that
he waa killed in an action with Ihe Mexicans
su-H.it the n:u ot November, at 1 small town
called Matamoros, shout fitly unit from Puebla.
The letter adds t
He was serving as Adjutant General to
General I Ant, and when he fell was displaying
the gallantry or b:s pirn and rsce, in. leading trust tn him. 11 n) trouble bk upynurcon
a cbsrgo agaiust the riiemy, iu which he sun. I fijence in hi goodfg,. JVii eve that Us w ill
lained Ihe boo or of his ancestors, and proved
himself worthy of his comrades. , Lieut. Uhlge-
iv i avrs a wife gnJ tnieo cuuaftft. '
I square I insertion, . fO 8)
I ih 8 dft ' 0 75
I &o - ... 1 na
Rvery subseqaenl inseriK.e, ' 8S
, Yearly Advertisement! one column, $ 25 I h.lj
column, f 18, three (qtiares, fl3$ two squsres, f ;
onS square, f-V Hslf-yearly 1 one column. l ;
half column. 18 1 three sqrares, f two square,
(5; one1 equate, f 3 60.
Advertisements left without directions ss to th
length of time they sre to be ruhlihed, will t-e
continued until ordored out, and charged accord
fjjSixtecn line or less make square.
A FaiiiitTrt t, and IIoRatBts Scfm. The Cin
cinnati Commercial has the following acronnt
of the frightful scene on board the A. N. Jobason,
after the explosion :
The explosion blew awsy the bailers. lesi'Cne;
the furnaces snd fir partly exposed, and mi'f
of the cabin fell in. Passenger when they open
ed their atate room door, rushed to wberu th
cabin had been sunk amidst ths flames, wh.'eh
had seized on the fallen timbers of th eab'u
Mr. S S. Sanders, of this city, who was, on ac
count of the crowded atate of the cabin, lying on.
Ihe floor of the soclsl ball, at the time of ths ex
plosion, fell with ths cabin on the deck, and in
tbe fall Ihe timbers of the csbin fell on his legt.
which prevented bim from rising or doing any
thing. The boat took fire, which was momentarily
approaching him, and while lying in thia condi
tion he saw several perish in the flames, their
hands extended for aid and shrieking with acony
and despair; but there were none to help them.
As the fire approached the horses tied on th
forecastle became wild with affright, and com
menced kicking, rearing and plunging. In this
wild excitement the timbers which held Mr.
Sanders were so removed as to liberate bim,
when he srose and approached the side of the.
boat next to the stream, and seeing the river full
of ice he caught up a wet blanket, threw it aiound.
himself, and rushed through the (lames to the op
posite side, and made his escspe to the shore,
which was overlooked by a high and perpendicu
lar bank. After walking some distance slonj
shore he resched a place where he gained the
summit, and seeing a house he proceeded to it.
When he got in he was going to throw himself
upon the bed. but was prevented by the woman..
of the house. Immediately Dr. Gillespie carr.tj
in, snd attempted to throw himself on the bed.
but was prevented also. He sunk on the floor
almost lifeless, and expired soon after being ta
ken to Maysville. , ,
We will here state that tho frightful appear
ance of Mr. Sanders and Dr. Gillespie soaLumed
th woman that she hardly knew what she was
doing, and there were two children in the lej.
As soeu a her senses rallied, she reTooved the
children, made up a good Cre, r.tul cont;iL'titi;(! to
the extent of her power to t'uc relief of the suf
ferers brought there, -The scene of hurt-rending
agony on boaid the boat waa iiuiesrnb'.ble.
I'tu-re were tbe dead and dying in iUmrM
bursting from every part of tbe bout thu sV.iieks
of men as they sank into the flimea to rise no
more the wild fright of the horses all conspi-
led to render the scene beyond the power of lun
euage to depict ; but the agony of those who pe
rished instantly by the explosion, sunk into the
flames and were thrown into the water to rije no
more, were short, snd their fate we could almost
say pref-rahle to some who survived their flesh
burnt to s coal and peeling, from their bones. In
the mic'st of suffering the most acute that Ihe hu
man frame can endure, men in tbe depth of their
agony were begging to be shot, calling for axe
and other instruments by which they might end
their sufferings. On the shore and in the adja
cent cornfield were to be seen the most frightful
spectacles. Heads, trunks, limbs snd every port
of the human frame, tern from ths other parts
snd in fragments scattered around.
Mr. McKeon, of New Votk, the friend of Ei-
atiop Hughes, will, it is said, receive the appoint
ment to Rome.
I . , Tne Memoirs or a King It is stated that
Louis Phiilippe bas been engaged for some time
in writing, during all bis le sure moments, a
work in the shspe of a Memoir, tbe title of which
he calls .Vess Stiurenb t,
Louis Pwurra entered on ths 6th ofOitob-r
last upon his 75th year, having been born on the
6th of October, 1773.
TUB CGLSSIATKD Coi'NTESS Gl'ICClOLI, the
fiiend of Lord Byron, is about to be married to
. tbe rich and eccentric Marquis de lioissy.
Tnt lNiLirZA Throughout the length
and breadth of the British isles has this epidc-
mic been raging, aa well as in most parts of the
I continent of Europe. In London, pearly one
dsv alone there were 1"?0 clerks and others ab
I sent from the Pott office, and lvitX) of the police
1 force were off duty. In the country, all claesea
have suffered from it.
How to orr kid of Cams.- It you laugh
your carta away, they will be aur? to come
back agsin. Il you strive to drown them, yoa
will find them amphibious. They will snaw r
in the muddy waters of intemperance, and inul-
tipTy a thousand fold. The belter way to get
rid of care is to ait down ealmly and eool y, and
rerli et upon the cause of it. If the cnv.se can
be removed, see thst it is done immediately. If
it arises trom any bsd htbit of your own, sect
I that tho habit may be conquered, cost what ef.
fort it msy. If ft be an iinsvfitdab'u trouble
then there is only the remedy ; 'Cast your care
on the Lord, for he ca.eth fir you.' That i
I at last bring got, o of evil, and light put of
darkness and I et thia orelort you wbvn Mty
1 11111)? also lait s. fit ran 7Vumur,.