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issspii iiisi ii . " "-.' ! -y. - -.. V-1 '
TERMS OFxTJIli A.'HtmrA'V."
H. B. MAH8ER, .," ri eu.ssaa
.JOSEfH gtSEtVJ . 5 Pnorstatons.. " iy
:T. B. JtlASMIttt, Kdit0t, Yk,-.-Office
. THE AMERlTj A IsVublished every Hetur
dsy at : TWO D0LLAR8 per annum to be
paid hii If yearly In advance. No paper discontin
ued till AU arrearage are paid. t.' r
No subscriptions received for a les period than
ic mostsjs. All communication! or lettsrs on
business relating to the office, to Insure attention,
nit be PQ3T PAID. - - ' v
' : HeB I'LASSER.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
: IU2Y8 TOY. PA
DualnrM attended to in the Counties of Nor
Ihuml erland, Union. Lveoming and Columbia.
Refer to i
P. A. Rotocbt, -Lows
. Soxsas & Shodgsass. yi'Mlatl.
" RirwoiPi, McTiatAsn A Co.
'' 8mi,Gooi Ac Co.,
CITT ATJCTIOIT STORE,
No. 31 North Third street,
( ma citt moth.)
C..C. MACKEY, Auctioneer.
TO COUNTRY fiTORE KEEPEKH.
7flVENINO 8 ALES of Hardware, Cutlery,
ITJ SadJIery, Whip. BooU, Shoe. Hats,
Caps, Guna, Pistols, Clothing,
Watcbea and Fancy Goods,
At Mackey'a Auction Store, 31 North Third
ttrrft, near the City HotrL
The attention of Country Mrrrhanta ie invited.
The Gnode will be e Ai in Iota to euit purchasers,
end allOooda offered will be warranted equal to the
repreeenlstions that may be Made of them.
N. B. A latfe sewortsnent of Gnode at Private
6sJe. Jn. 1. 1847. Iy
The Cheapest Gold and Silver Watches
jfi OLD Levers, full Jewelled, 45 OA
XJT Silver do. do. 33 00
J..IJ Lepinea, Jewelled, 1 30 00
Silver do. do. 16 00
Silver Qusniers, fine qusliiv, .10 00
Hold Watebea. plain, 15 00
8ilver Spectacle. 1 75
Gold Pencila, 00
Gold Braceleti, 0
A Inn, on hand, a large assortment of G.dd and
H sir Bracelets, finger rings, bresst pine, hoop ear
ring, gold pena, ailver spoons, anger tonga, thim
bles, gold neck, curb and fob chains, guard keys
and jewellery of every docripnon, et equally low
prices. All I want ia a call to convince custo
' All kinda of Walehea end Clorka repaired and
warranted to keep good time for one year; old
gold or ailver bought or taken in eichauge. .
Por aale, eight day and thirty hour braaa clorka,
at LEWIS LADOMUS'
Watch, Clork and Jewelleiy Store, No. 413
Market street, above Eleventh, north aide, Fhila
I have aome Gold and Silver Levers, still
much cheaper than the above prior.
Philadelphia, Dec. S6. 1846. Iy
" , To The iTf . of 6. F.
J. W. &, E. D. STOKES,
Manufacturers of Premium Odd Fel
. lows' Regalia. . '
... So. 194 Marled Street, PHILADELPHIA, ,
- Pirat Clothing Store below 6th Street. .
b , s
THE eubacribere having taken the premium at
Franklin Institute, et lite Uat i-ihibition, for
the heat Regalia, thev invite the attention of the
order to their establishment, where tltey will find s
splendid essortment of P.O. and Eu'tnimnt Re
galia. They alo make to order fur Lodges and
Knrampmente. Krga'ia, Hasht-a, Coilumei and
Unties, and furnish every thing requisite for the
ciiviiieiiro of new Lodges or Em ampmi-nts.
- ' - I. W. 8TOKE3,
- E- D.8T"KKS.
Pbils.lelphis.Dfc. 19, 1S46. Iy
AUCTION S yORB,
Na 0 North 3d sL, third door above
SALE EVERY EVENING, of general as.
aortment nt Foreign and Domestic Hardware,
" "Table and Potket Cutlery, Trunks, Locke,
Latcheta, Bolta. 8aw, Baildlory, Wbipa,
Boots, Bhoea, Hate, Capa, Guns,
Pistols, Trimmings, Clothing . :
and Fancy Goods,
. The attention of eitv and country dealer ia in.
vited. The Good are fresh, and will be warranted
equal to the repreaentalkma that msy be made of
tliem. DUU'Jln, iiucrionerrt,
No. e North Third st.
N. B. Purchase! can have their Goods packed.
Several invoicee of Goods have been received to be
old at private aale.
Philadelphia, Dec. 1 9th, 1846. Iy
The pu.Uk will pleaae observe that no Brandreth
Pi I la are genuine, unless tha hoi haa three Is
bele upon it, (the top, the ai.le and the bottom)
each containing a fc-aitnile signature of my hand
wriUng. thus B. BesnpaiTa. M. D Theee la.
hel.aie engraved on steel, beautifully designed,
and done at an eipeue of over $3,04)0. Therefore
it will be eeen that (he only thing neceeaary to pro.
cure the medicine in it purity, m to observe these
Remember tha top, the aide, and tha bottom.
The following respecuvo pereone '" uulv autnon
aed, and hold
oBmTzrzojtTM or aobicot
For tha aale of rfioVVg VtgeUbU lhuwer$a.
Northumberland countv t Milton Mackey
Chamberlin. Hunburv H. B. Meeeer. M'Ewens-
ville Irelend &. Meizell. Northumhetland Wm.
ranvth. Georgetown J. ot J. Watte.
Union County i New Berlin Bogar V Win.
ter. Belinsgrove Georga uu odium. Mkiuie
burg Iaaae Smith. Beeveriowo David Hubler.
Adamaburg Wm. J. May. Mifflinaboig Menecb
cV Kay. Hartieton Daniel Long. Freebarg
. 4. F. C. Moyer. Lewiehurg Walle eV Green.
Columbia county t Danville . B. KeyaoUla
ek Co. Berwick Shuman k Ritienhouee. Cat.
tawissa C. G. BrobU. Bloonaburg John R.
Moyer. Jeieey To wn Levi BieeL Waebiogton
Robt. McCay. Limoatoae BaMiet fe MsNIeh.
. Obearve that each Agent haa an Engraved Cer
tifkau of Agency, conleioing a repreeesiUlion of
ir BKANDKET1I'8 Manufactory at Sing Hiag,
and epon which will ateo be aeon aiad eopiea of
the racae label ateto deed mjo the Brandrtik JHM
Bore. . '. 1
Philadelphia, oAca No. , North tlh street.
" ' B 1 BRANDRXTH. M. D, i
Juas Sitb. 1143.
' I f i- r
Absolute acquiescence in the deciaione of the
By 9iatier Jb Elnelr.
The Wldew'a A ft to to Iter Son,
Resulting from declaration of hia intention
to 'list in the army, and break thinga in the Halts
of the Montecumaa
A spider, Boh, commenced his tie!
One day in our kitchin,
And 'twasaant long 'for it was set
For careltsa (lie to pitch in.
'Twae in a gallus corner wot
No broom could get a lick at,
And soon the cove more fliea had got
Than you could shake a ttiek at.
But atill the aueker waa'nt content
With aich a bang np ataahun,
And almost every day he went
To take a observation
Of fliea a traveltin' around
Upon the wall and reilin'.
Till by aum children he was found
And murdered without feel in'.
So, Bob, take warnin' by hia fate
Stkk to yoor horse and waggin;
Don't gas away at aich a rate
Stop budyin' and braggin'
Stay where you an, and aave your tin,
And don't you 'blieve the roomers
About the gold and ailver in
The Halls of Montecumera.
I'm down on wars of nashuna, Bob ;
It's or ful bad, I'm thinking
For fokea to kill, and burn, and rob,
Vitbout to much a vinkin'.
And Bobby, dear, I can't endure
The idt-ar of your goin',
For you'll receive a pill, I'm sure,
That p'raps Ml atop your growin'.
. Wot ia the use of warrin'.so?
I've got a plan, I reckon,
Would save a pretbua deal of wo , : . , , ;
By saving people's bacon.
It ia tbie air : jiat make a ring,
And let two well-match'd fellere
i End the plug muee by barsraeriog i ,
Each otber'a eyea and amellera... , ,
But you atay here, Bob don't yon go,
' J ' Stay home and aell your oysters
' I've heard that that 'ere Mexico c
' Is full of monkt and cloister, n
And wen tha onaket a 'Merikin, t 1 -
Tka in a dungin above him.
And takeaway hia things and tin,
, . And make a frier of him. , , .,
That apider wot I apoke about, , ,
At home could plenty git. Boh;
And ef he had'nt venler'd on,
i He might bin iivin' yet, Bob.
So doo't yer to the battle go,
- My darlin son, Iprayyer; ,
Or yoo will slip yer wind, 1 know .
Some Mexikin 'II slay yer.
Yer gallua father oysters cried,
' And felt proud of hia callin'.
And now fur you to leave my aide,
'Taint north in elae but gallin'. .
However, if you will go 'way .
From me and aiater Betsy,
Then all wot I have got to say
It, give them Jngin$ jtny !'
Later freest Msslee.
Ramored Repulae of Americans Protest of
Lord Palmeretou Mexican Ports captured
by American naval Forces.
Prrtaascmo, Dec. 25.
The express just arrived brings dates to the
19th inst., having accomplished the distance
from New Orleans in six daye.
By the arrival of the Maria Burt, letters and
papers to the 5th Inst, from Vera Cruz, hive
been received. The dates from the capital art
to the 37tb ult The Mexican papers claim to
have obtained an advantage over a party of A
mericans, who having landed at Muleje, were
resisted by the force there all day and embarked.
By the courier I root Queretaro, arrived at the
capital the day previous, a communication had
been received from the Secretary of Legation,
Mr. Thornton, covering t protest from Lord
Palmereton, th British Minister of foreign af
fairs, sgainat the forcible levying of taxeaagiinat
the English resident in Mexico for the purpose
of supporting the war. These levies were made
six inonthi since, when the residents protested a
A number of letters have been received con
taining the particulars concerning the arrest of
Generate Worth and Pillow, but moat of the
newa broukt baa been anticipated.
The ports of Magadan and Guayamaa were in
possession of the American naval force.
Mr. Ward, a bearer of despatches from Go.
vernor Mason, of Colifbrois, 1 pissed through
New Orleans on his way to Washington.
. -w-r-ej' tv
A Msxicas officer who wss engaged in the
recently fought battle of Puebla, writes to hia
father that when the Americans made the at
tack be thought fA day ojudgpunt Atai corns,
"TT-T n-TN -TTT
JB IL' Hi
mi i.nn i e.i-- ! ' '
. . . (
v ..:- AND SUA MOKINJOUllN A L.
majority, the VlUl principle of Republic, ftora which
Bunburr Nortbnmbcrland Co.
fifteen Dare Later fVoaa Bnrope.
mroRTirrr commiKciaL irmLMoiMcg.
lnterestinjr Financial Intelligence Another
List of Failures Decline in the Cotton and
Grain Markets Suppression of. the Civil
War in Switzerland Opening of the Coun
cil of State in Rome, &c, &c. .
The steamship Hibernta, Captain Ryrie, ar
rived at Boston at 3 o'clock on Saturday morn-
in?. She sailed from Liverpool on the 4th inst.
Annexed ia the Telegraphic view of the
newa. It ia important to toe commercial com
munity. The Britieh Parliament, for aome days, had
been engaged with the subject of trade and the
financial condition nf the country. It ie expec
ted that measure of a salutary character would
be introduced. We give the debate.
The atate of Ireland ie truly frightful. The
land reeks with aesassinjtioo from one end to
the other. Government has proposed a coercion
bill, of a very mild nd moderate character,
In Switzerland the civil war has been virtu
ally terminated, by the surrender of Lucerne to
the troops of the Federalists. The Sonderband
is deserted, and thus the hopes of the Jesuits
sre fully proet rated.
The affaire of Italy are in a fair way for ad
jiihtment. The Pope haa npened the new
Council of State of the Vatican, and his speech
elicited unmixed approbation.
The Royal Dank of Liverpool, the stoppage
of which canard to much excitement at the
time, has resumed holiness coder favorable cir
cumstance. The Asiatic cholera ia stated to have advan
ced to the Prussian frontier.
The Prttte, of Paris states that the United
States government has purchased the islands nf
Lyra from Greece, and will at oncfl pay r.ff
the mortgage due. (This is Greek to us. He-
The Washington arrived st Southampton on
the 2d iust. She left New York on the 16th
The steamer Caledonia arrived out on the
19th ult., and tire packet ships Montezuma and
Gsrric, on tlu-21th ult.
The packet ships Fidelia, CapL Yeaton, and
John R. Kiddy, Luce, hence, each mtdo the
passage to Liverpool in fifteen days. Tbia ia
equal to steam. , , ; t
Th House of Itolbsehlld.
The Guvernuif nte of Europe make a great
parade and a wonderful display of pomposity in
relation to reigning houses, j France has its
house of Bourbon, Prussia that of Brandonburg,
Austria that of tlapfburg and England, after
trying a number of dynasties, has for 200 years
been ruled by the liooneol Hanover, represented
in a race of G jelplis. All theee houses, and
many more, are now united under the em
pire of Finai.ce, whereof the sovereign is of the
house of Rothschild. The strides of that house
to empire has been long and rapid, and its found
ations are probably more stable than those of
any other reigning family. . Buonaparte rose
rapidly from the lieutenancy of the regiment
La Fere to the command of Europe. A mili
tary organization is not permanent however.
Most ot the present families have come from as
low an origin as the house of Rothschild, but
they have been longer on the journey, and the
frame work of their greatness wss built slowly
in the Ispse of generstions, eech one of which
found the platform raised somewhat. These
Guelphe, whereof Mrs. Victoria Coborg ia the
mort fortunate representative, have been a long
time on the way. They msy be traeed back to
the time of Charlemagne j and the story runs,
as relsted to us by a mysterious vieux mous
tache, in a gloomy tavern at Oenebrick, thus :
n the year 600, Iron'orsnd, Count of Altorf,
saw an old woman wlio had three children at a
birth, and thinking this unnatural he called ber
an adultresa. The old woman in her anger re
taliated, praying that the Countess Intent ret
might have aa many at birth as there are
months in the year. Accordingly, while the
Count waa gone to the chase, bia lady was de-
ivered of twelve boy a; and leering the anger
of her husbsnd she ordered the maid to take ele
ven in a basket and drown them. On ber way
she met the Count, who asked her what waa in
her basket 8he replied, KJuelpbsl' (young
dogs,) The Coun however, examined the
baaket, and from the strength and likeness ot
the boys knew them for hia own. He educated
them secretly, end when they were grown re
turned them to the mother. From that time
Guelph haa been the family name, and Victoria
in her faithfulness keeps up the honor ot the
The 'Guelphe' are therefore a greit house
but the Rothschild dynasty ia in the ascenden
cy. The Baron Lionel de Rothschild is the
first Jew member ot l'srlisment, and bis admis
sion, for which special law ia required to be
passed, is by the English tories considered t fa
tal blow to the English constitution. If his pre
sence in Parliament strikes one constitution th
money of bis bouse upholds half a dozen.' At
the moment when be becomes legislator for
vtv .T"n n .tn
there ia no appeal but to force, the vital principle
ra. Salurdar, Jan. I," W-is.
England, his house loans the tottering dynasty
of Bourbon 2o0, 000 000 franc to sustain it. We I
are personally acquainted with rmtny member
nf this house, and when in Germany picked up
many facts in relation to them. ,
. . , -. . . . 1 : i 7
In the year 1740, in a little Jewish cettlc-
ment in 'Frankfort-on the-Maine,' dwelt a family
of poor but respectable Jew pedlars, and in that I
yesr they were blessed with a son, whom they
called Mayor Aneelm Rothschild. They gave
him what education their small mesne would
permit, but, dying when he waa at the age of
eleven, left him to hia own resources. He then
earned a scanty living by writing, which he
soon abandoned for a trade. But his ambition
was to be a priest of his religion. Fortunately
for tottering dynavties of the present dsy this
wish wss not sceomplished. His trado requi
red him to travel; and after some years he re
turned to his native place and established a small
business. He soon, however, gained considers,
ble notoriety as collector of old end curious
coins, which brought him much in contact with
persons of tank, among whom it waa a fashion
to make such collections; snd finally he went
to Hanover as clerk in a large banking house.
Subsequently, with a few years savings, he
returned to Frankfort, married, end commenced
a little exchange business. His great sagacity,
strict punctuality and rectitude of conduct, pu
shed him rapidly forward, and toward the close
nf the century the Frsnkfort hanking house had
become famous, and its profit large: The bank
er meantime brought tip ten children, of whom
five sons were 'after his own heart;' and when
he died he left them vast wealth end sn exten
sive business, with the injunction to dwell in
strict and unbroken unity. And the injunction
then bestowed haa been faithfully carried out.
The five sons conducted ss many bsnking house
st the leading cspitslsof Europe. They were
as follows the eldest, Aneelm, wis born in
1773, snd wss the most substantial citizen of
Frankfort; and s representing the father was
the hesd of the whole operations of the house.
The second, Solomon, born 1774, became a citi
zen of Vienna, where he ia held in high estima
tion aa a man, a a well as a member in the most
stupendous bsnking houso in the world. .
The fourth son. Chart-, wss born in 178,
and haa since 1621 conducted the house at Na
pies, ' where hie popularity i equel to that nf
any of his brothers; The yonnpest son, Jarnh,
Wss bom in 1792, and is the bsnker for Paris,
wher? he maintain a splendor that eclipses most
of the nrincee or Europe. 1 he third son we
have yet to mention, Nathan, who was born in
1777, and became the head of the Imdon house
in 1799, and was io evrry intellectual rrsppct
a riant. ' It was obnerved nf him that ehiuild tin
partake of the chase it cotiM only be to hunt ele
phants. , ., , - -
-- These five houses, combining sll the finsn
ciai resources ot Europe in ineir -movements.
which were always simultaneous, have exe-riv-
ed for half a century a power unseen but over,
whelming. Nearly sll the government debt
of Europe are their contracting. Through the
warsof Bonaparte their information waaslwiy
correct, and always in advance nf the British
government, which wss often dependent upon
them for information as well ss means of action.
Although their residences were always widely
ecpsrated, each controlling all within the sphere
of his influence, and commanding all means of
information, no important transsction wss en-
tered into without consultation sod strict har-
otony of opinion among them all. All comraer -
cial exchanges and all movements of business
were known to snd often cnntroled by the old
Jew in Frankford, who could in the exercise of
bis great power look with contempt upon feeble
despots crying to him for help ; and the aid ask-
ed depended on the assent of the five brothers.
Accordingly they were courted in every pos-
sible way. In 1818, they were made private
commercial counsellors to the King of Prussia ;
in 1815, financial counsellors to the Hessian
government ; also to the Austrian Emperor,
who conferred on them the rank of Barons. In
18.-10 Nathan died, leaving 53 000 000 and ae
ven children, of whom four were eons. The
eldest, Lionel, who had been made Knight of
Isabella, by the Cat bo! ice at Madrid, and who
is a Usron of Austria in right ot bis lather, ap
peared in August, 1830, on the London 'Change,
in the place his father had occopied for 38
years. This gentleman it ia who has become a
merrber of Parliament at the expense of a
change in the English constitution.
The House combined haa loaned the King of
tho French the money necessary to keep him on
the throne a tew yesrs longer. It is manifest
that as this bouse baa grown up with govern-
ment debts, that ths continuance of their power
is in some degree dependant upon existing go-1
vernmenta. A branch of tha House) bss been
established in New York, conducted by Mr.
ASguaie peimonir, a icituiru, omomon ivoina-
child of Vienne. . Republics fret trade doea
not seewi, however, to be the soil ia which the
stupendous business of ths greet loan contrac
tors will bert flourish. Arv York 7Vtf .. 1
and immediate parent of despotiam. Jurraasoi..
Vol. S--!Wo. Whole Wo, 3?9
-k. L.' l j.. Ll"
.. Tha Massacre at Pert Ummn.
A correspondent of the St. Louis . Revil'e.
writing from Fort Msnn.on the Arkanass Ri
ver, gives some further particulars of the rwirwa-
ere nf the Santa Fe battalion of the Pawnees:
We bad quite a melee out here on the after
nnnn of the lflth November, the particulars of
hich sre ss follows! About 3 o'clock in the
afternoon, some of our men descried a party of
Indians coming down the heights opposite the
fort, on the other side of the river. Not know-
ine what their intention might be.Capt. Pelzer,
then in command, ordered the troops to beat "to
arms." By this time the Indians had crossed
the river, and encamped about half a mile below
the fort. They were over one hundred in num
ber. Their chief and three others advanced to
wards na with a white flag, when they were
met by Capt. Pelzer, company C, and Lieut
Tuttle, company E, and rmbraced in the warm
est manner, when they all returned to the fort,
alternately smoking the pipe of peace, CspL
Pelzer took them around outside the quartets.
showing them one thing or another, in the
meantime firing off one of the brats pieces,
which appeared not la disconcert them in the
At the report, about sixty came up a coun
cil of the officers had been held to decide upon
some measures to be taken, the concluaion of
which waa to take them all prisoners. After
strolling about outside for some time, they in.
duced them tn enter the fort, which they readi
ly consented to, and seated themselves in a cir
cle inside. The guard was then ordered to
bring in a few that had remained outside; but
they bees me alarmed at this movement, and
one of them, who had been taken in by the
guard, ss he approached the circle, harangued
for a few moments, when they all rushed aim
ulianenusly for the gate. We were now order
ed to fire on them ; thoso who had their guns
loaded did so, and the balance commenced load
ing and firing. A number of our men were
outside of the fort at the time, and without their
guns and in their hurry to reach these, they ru
shed into the fort, exposing- themselves to the
fire of our own men, snd it seems almost miracu
lous that not one of them was hurt. -
The Indians were pursued some two miles
from the fort, when wo returned. Three were
shot down the firot volley we fired one killed,
the other two wounded. Three were in Capt.
Prlzer's quarter at the lime, one of them, how
ever, endeavored to effect his escape by rush
ing out of the room through tha gate, and had
so tar succeeded as to gt about fifty yards from
the fort, when he wns'shot down. 'Amid this
confusion and excitement, a shot was fired by
one of the remaining Indians in the room, but
without doing any dnmage.' The guard then
commenced Print? in on tlient from the door
and window of the roou where they were con
craled; and the Indians, to prevent being too
plainly seen, commenced throwing on the fire
pitch materials aa came in their wsy, such aa
officers' cloaks, coats and uniforms, &c., tasano-
1 ther it . .. . ' i .
One of litem had encased himself in an artil-
lery-insn s uniform, hoping by means to effect
his eecspe, but to no effect ; they were perfect-
iy riddled with balls, aa also waa the clothing
I and effects of the t flicers who occupied the quar-
ters. There were in all four killed, two taken
prisoners, and some fifteen or twenty wounded.
I They were a party of Pawnees, supposed to be
the same that has troubled our trains so much
It hia last summer. It might be well hereto
1 state that Capt Kosialowskl and Lieut Tuttle,
I who were opposed to bringing them into the
fort, did not participate in any of the proceed
ings, otherwise than obeying positive orders of
Captain Pelzer, who was than in command.
Gen. Price. Mai. Beall. Lieut. Prince, ar.d
eK.orti ,rrj,ed here on the 19th. and were re-
Ccived with militsrv honors. Ther remained
here but a few hours, beitig em tout for Ssnta
Fe. Col. Gilpin, with the two mounted com
panies, left here on the 9th, for the Big Timber,
about one hundred miles from here.
Jous Fitch. While Juhn Fitch, the man
celebrated in his connection with the stestn
boat, wss confined on Prison Uland, he mate
himself a set of tools with scarcely any nieana
at bis command. His tools were an sze, bsod-
saw, chisel, iron wood-wedge, shoemaker's bam
mer, fore-plane, auger, grindstone, jack knife stream dyed w&h blood, and gradually aasum
blade, and aome old hoop iron. With these ing i:s former smooth surface !,i waa evident
tools he constructed nii-e wooden tiuie-pieces,
three hundred pairs of braes sleeve buttons,
eighty paira ofsilver ones, repaired buttons and
j engraved name. John Filch waa the most in.
genious snd contriving msu that ever lived.
. Scientific American.
Fashion vs Fesxivu. a little girl, bearing
her. mother say tUi kha was going into half
rnour-iog, inquire Art sny of our folks (
Ths friendship, of an artful man ia mere self.
interest; you' will get nothing and lot much
trit-Srm I nil ii I,. ,
rinqEs or Aovcn-risisYC. '
" "I squats I insertion, T- 7" ' .' ' ' ft) S
- I do ' le ' V . o T
- 1 , d , 8 d : . -, . . . 1 fttf
, Evriry tulisfoeul insertion, . . . . j.l
Vearly Advertiserornlsi one column, f M ; tVj
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From the Germantown Telegraph.
v Economy of Fnddar,
. Too many farmers, I.far, are obnnxions to
the charge ot being "penny wise and one pound
foolish' in some of their aft iir. In the fend mff
of stock, for instance, farmers who are scrnpu
loiisly vigilant in applying the most rigid prin
ciples of prudence in other matter, are shock
ingly remiss. My object in the present com
municstion is not so much, however, to censum
ss to offer a word of advice to thoeo whom f ran
b-jt regsrd as negligently inattentive to their
own interests, and to whom consequently, a (r
kindly and timely suggestions may be tx-ni fi-
ciaL The subject to which I wish at present
more particularly to solicit attention, is the
economising of fodder a subject certsinly, in
this climate, of transcendanl importance, and to
which every one who has the care and manage
ment of a stock of cattle, watchfully to attend.
It haa been repeatedly demonstrated and by ex
periment that the simple process of cutting fod
der for horses and neat stock, will effects very
considerable saving. This is a process easily
effected. The machinery, or instrument, ra-
ud for thii purpoiet j, extremely simple
and of small cost. A single operative will cut
a sufficiency of straw, hay, butts or topstslk. in
an hour for fifteen head of cattle, and this fodi.r
so cut, moistened with a little warm water, (if
the weather be cold,) and fed out with a slight
quantum of meal will be twice as effectual in
promoting the growth of the animaW, as it fed
to them in its uncut state.
No "orti" are made in this wsy, and the !srg
and coarse are devoured instead of being thrown,
By adopting thia economical system of (ceil
ing his refuse, a farmer msy easily convert all
his straw, stalks, &c, to a valuable uee. If
be has plenty of these materials, he msy, if he
thinks it judicious, mix hay with them in such
proportions aa to him may appear tn be best cal
culated to promote the animal's health ard
growth ; or he may mix straw, stalks snd hay,
and then add water, meal and salt. This 1 find
makes a rich feed, and ia excellent for milch
cows, snd by msny is considered superiour to
hay and grain. In some instances I have added
boiled potatoes to the above materials, which
is doub'.lees a valuable addition, but objectiona
ble where one has a Urge stock, on the score of
its expense. . 1 now prefer feeding the potatoes
eeperate and in their natural stale say once a
week. Thia preventa coetivenesa and as the
potatoes are laxative, conduces greatly to the
If thoeo who have tested the plan, will adopt
it, tbey may rest assured of the best results.
Let every fanner and stock-feeder, therefore,
give it fair trial ; the expense will be emtll,
and far more than refunded in the firrt week.
In England especially in all the test farm
ing" regions, the chopping ot fodder, even Eng
lish hay for horsea and other stock, is prnctised
as regularly as the grinding of corn. Hay and
straw cutters of superior construction, arc thoro
eeen on sale in all'the principal warehouses and
agricultural depots, and are found in most of tha
barna and stables throufjSmt the New England
States. : A Practical Fabmui.
Fish Fiohts. Every one ia aware of the fe
rocious contests which often take plsce among
the higher animals during the season of lovo
snd gallantry ; but few, we believe, will be pre
pared to find the ssma fueling raging at fierce
ly among the cold-blooded denizens of the wa
ters, though the poet haa given his word for it,
"that even an oyster may be crossed in love."
Such, however, is the case, if we may cred t
the subjoined paragraph from the "Elgin Cou
rier." "While several cutter-men (of the Pre
ventive Service) were on their rouuds the other
day, and bearing along the Findhorn, between
Glenfeneaa and Dulcie Bridge, they oUcrvr.d an
unusual commotion among the spawning; bed
ef tbe ford. On approaching the spot, to
large male salmon were aeen engaged ia mortal
combat fur tbe possession of a female. ' Never
did chivalr e knights contest for the band ef
"ledy fair" more fiercely than those) , buirdsly
- ! lords of the flood. Tranquil bosom of the sire rn
was lashed into foam by the atrugrlcs of tha
finny antagoniata ; in tb meantime tb abject
of tbe fray was besting silently about, "specie-
- tress of the fight" From thoerjpes sense of the
that tbe contest was over. '. Ort of ike salmon
at last floundered on tbe surfs dead ; and the
victor it may be conjecturxL exbaustedly bote
1 off his prise. The men, who bad tho curiosity
to watch tbt fight, as a proof of the story, con
veyed the desd. salmoo to tbe nearest dwelling.
Tho victor bad ton off ths fleoh along tbe back
from brad to tail, to the very bone, lo tho
movemer.t oC salmon-spawning, tbs miles
have often Ijeen seen chaiing etch other; but
such. fray, as this baa not been witnessed by
1 aa oldest fisher or poacher on tbs FWlhun.'
The first veyage made direct to Cbiua by ao
American Ten!, in 113 J.