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m or Tnn Aiir.Ric.tv
I. M.asfcR;:; iliSpstoMUM an
Pi ElflE,LY, . S Paesaiarona. - :
t It. JMSSKH, KfUlnr. - e; !'
iH Centre 'Mitey, in Jht rear nf IK Mat
err't Stare..,-1 . . .. . . ;;
! AMERKJAN" is published cyory Satnr
I TWO iiril.t.AKS per annum to be
lf jeurttlrj Rijvanro. . No papqr il i scon tin
I Att arfearagrs aretianl.' "
ilicrilrtirins rrTI fctr a erioirthan
Ts. All communication or letter on
i retail: V th olHte,-! Inaa're attention,
f:P09T.P-Up.. ,f-.., . r
npcst GolJ nnd Silver Watches
LB Lever, full Jewelled, , ' $ 15 .00
WW-' Jrti do. ' 53 00
.eMnM, Jwlle.V ' 80 00
,l, it. . ; k;Hu . : ! e. . I1"
aariieis, fine qnliy, -,; lrt n0
akW ,lairi. . . 13 0(1
VrtMC'.ll'' ,W -i; '.!: IW
'W , ... r . .. t v ; . 0
. on hand, large assortment or lll and
taeelet, finger rings, breast pin, hoop far
fU , freml, MlweV spoons, AgaV tongs, thim
CM Jfk. Curb i M rhin, guard keys
flirty of every deciip'ion, ( equally
All I waiit i a call lo convince custo-,
-a u i '. i -i . i t ' ; . . .
kind of Warehe ami Clocks retired- and
ted to keep g.red time for one year; olJ
( sjtverhnugbt or laen in exchange,
sate, right day arid thirtv hour brass clocks,
1 ' ' ' ' LEWI I.ADOMCS'
c,, t'lrtrk erut dewelleiy Siore. No. 413
I. street above, Eleventh, north aiJo, Pbila-
T have 'some Hold and Bilvei I.cvWa, still
:-hencr Ihnn th sbnv price.'-'
adelfthia. Dee. 2A, 1846. ly : , ,, , M f
iluMpliiti Wulrh and Jewelry Store". . .
N..fl(i 3i;CU.N'll ir.ft, corner of Quarry.
f &: ' G)L1 Leter Watt-he. full
Vf ' j. WHlled, earn c iwe, $45 00
tMlver Kevcr Vy.itcnia, lull
M - Jwlh'd. , . .
jj)$f Silver I.evnr Watcliea, ae
iXiH7a venjeweU, .
I e,ni)e Watrbia, jewelled, linet
r lJiiafti.Wtche, - ,
)r, (jtiartier VVatcheo, nut warranted,
!peetacle, . u ., , ..
irnci let with lopl a'onea,'
' Gold Pencl. 1(5 r.mta, 5 00
FiiwertiiiiR 37 cla to f 9 ; Wa'eh G!a
tin, I2J eta; iaient, IS ; I.nnet. 25. O
ticlp in iirounrtion. All R'ioli warranted
! at they are.old r..r,-1 O. CO.NKAl).
iand, lome Gohl and Silver lver, Lrpinea
mrtiera, lower than the al"ve price,
idlphi i. T).t. 5. 1U46. ly '
u IJIIPOUTiKT ,
TO AM. OOIJNTIJV
g 1 may iw furs ri nii iiiihik, wt
"J 'aft time, pure and highly flavored '
it ningte. jwmnJ or larger quat tity, at the
n Tea Company' Warehouse,
'h &cund tlrett, between Market and Che$-
" " tittf utrrrt. - - "
t-ri PXilXADBLFHXA. '
tofore it h been very dirTicult, indeed, al
ipo"aitle. alwaya la obtain ftnod CJre-n and
IVae. Uui no you have only to visit the
Tea Compaiiy'a Store, to obtain a deliriout
frant Tea a you could wish for. All talea
e be auited. with the advantage of getting a
(He at a low priee, v
PL A NO 8.
SL'USt.'RIBER haa been appointed asent,
lUula , ().RD MEVKK S CEU
TED I'RnMIUM K'ISB WOtJD Pt
, at thin plnce. Thexe Pjaow have a plain,
' and btauiiful eitaiior fini h. and, f.it depth
eelnraa of lie, and . Hegmee of workman,
e nut auraaed by any in the Uni'cd Kialea.
llowiiiR ia a reeominendatinn fiont Cbl
a celobitleJ performer, and himself a roan-
' A CAR II.
in had the plrannre of trying the eieel
wid Fortea manfacturod by Mb Meyer, and
hIm ihelwt ethibition oftbe Franklin ln-
I feel rt due to the (rue merit ef the maker
ire that theae iiwtramruta are quite equal'
noma reeprete even mprrinr, lo all the Pi
oite, I aaw at the capital of Europe, and
a aoiourii of two years at ran.
e Pianos will ba raid at the manufacturer'
PnladVIihia nrieea, if not eomeihing lower.
i are requentcd lo call and eiamiue fur
, at the reMilence of ibe ubcrlher.
ary.May 17. 1845. H. B. MA88ER,
uUie wtll pleaae olwerve that no Urandieth
i are genuine, unlea the loi baa three li
nn , (the top, the aile and the bottom)
Btainirif a facsimile signature of my hand-
lhu U. UaBBTN, M. I). These la.
enyravt-d on tel, teaiitifidly deoigned.
e at an etpenee of over $2.000. Therefore
taeen thai the only liking nrressary to pro-
mediciiie in it purity, i to obaoive Uieae
mbrr tha ton, the aide, and the hmtnm.
owing respective peraon are duly aoihori -
hold ' - '
;aTinCATE3 OF AGENCY
j sale of hraitUrnh'$ tgttabta l'tiiiria,
'- I'M. i ' ;
inniberlsiid eoantv I ' Milton Mackey &
ilin. 'nliary H. R. Msssnr. M'Ewene
vlrwxl A. Menell. Nrtbuinlilaiid Wiu.
Ueorgetown J. A J. Walla.
1 Ooomyt New BiHin Bogsr A Win
e)in(froe C imrge' Gumlrea. Middle.
nstfHmilh.'' IleavertewM ttevid llebler.
urg-Wm. J.May, Miflinabag-Menacb
1 llatth'lon Dsaiel Long. Kreeborg
V. Moyee. wiburg Walla A Green,
nbis county t Danville E. B. Ileyoelda
Berwlek-4-Shuman 3c Rittenlwiuae. Cat.
-('. .' Brobu. Ulooanakursw John R.
Jeraey Town lvi BiaeL Washington
cCay. Limestone Balli- h M:Mch.
ve that each Agent haa an Engraved I'vr
f Acenev. eontainine a teuresentatioai ol
t.NDREf H'rt ManuVeelory at Sing King,
n which will aim be seen eiacg copies of
label new used upon the HranJrtth fill
. i - . . . . .
(Mobia, tnVe No.' ft. Ninth 8ih atreet.
U. UliAtVDKETIl.M. D-
K- VJLJ JL. JJLJ J-LVi -Ui XX. JLi.il . U A U UJLL H JL0X JL ,N ;
Atwoiute acquiecenee in the decisions of the majoriiy, the vital irincip1 of Republics, from which ther in no appal bat to force, lh vital principle
I,,!M!s'r & inisclj-. . Sunbury, Norlhunilct:aml Co. Pa. Saturdft, Oct. 30, l4t. '
coiiPt.it rt: prntscssini of tiik cii v
Ci : Anlhentle Ava et l.ast t
Th! nrw is etorinnn for .the Amt-rican army,
thnuith at the samo time (mr lo.Hrg am eevrrf,
and thr drtnila of 1h killed an J woug'l?d are
hpatti'ickrnirifT. ?? .:.:''
1'hank God' imyg the i Dcaytinc, norlo nf
our General have ben kftt?rt, but Majot Grn.
Pilln- and Brigadier General Shielda were hoth
wounded, severely ' Woun'dctl, but were doin
well at (lie lat fntinta.
On the 8th, Geri.Aorlh'i civipion lost about
fHKI men in killed and wounded. In the battle
of the l:)ih, the r-torminft nf Ohapultr-pec and (lie ,
attack on the cit'adef, Quitinnn'e division loat
MX); Twigga SC'J; Pill.iw'a 14'2, ond Worth'
ins makintr the Iim 81S in all. Worth had
fcarcely one thousand men tn the action. ...
Our entire loi since leaving Puebla, in kil
led, wotinded and missing, Kendall sets down at
full 3000.; Another authority makes it 40(10,
and yet Gen. Scott entered the valley of Mexico
with on army of only littio exceeding 10,000
men. .. ,
The Mexican accounts, representing that we
were at any time acriously rcpulrcd, are not
The Mexican lose ia not definitely axertainerj,
but was enormous. Gen. I5ra vo wne not killed,'
but taken prisoner. We do not see that Santa
Anna was wounded, ft is true that he hns re
signed the Presidency; ainCe hi resignation
he haa made an address to his countrymen.
We annex here General Scott's order after
his victorioua occupation of the City of Mexico,
by which it will be seen that General Quitman,
who plorioutily distinguished himself on the
I3ih, i Governor of the city :
GlvXEIlAL ORDER, No 194.
IlKftiHltism-rR" Abmv, i
Mextcp. 8,'pt. 11. 1847 ,$
Under the favor of God, (lie valor of this ar
my alter many e!oriou victories, has hoisted
I he color of our country in the capital of Mexi
co, and on the piface of their government but
the war is not yef ended.
The Mexican 'army and government have
fled only to watch an opportunity lo return upon
us tn vengeance. We must then be upon our
guard. Companieaand regiments will be kept
together, and all stand on the alert. 1 .et there
be no drunkenness no disorder and no strag
gling. Stragglera will be in great danger of
assassination, and marauders Khali be punished
by court mirtial.
Allnf these rules, so honorably observed bv
this glorious army io Puebla, must be observed
The honor of .h army and the honor of our
country call tor the best behavior on the part of
the valiant, thus to win thex approbation nf all
the good of their country. Be sober ami taerci
fill. Ilisnobln hrethernin arm wili not be
deaf to this hearty appeal from 'heir comman
der and friend, General Scott.
Major General Quitman is appointed civil and
military Governor of Mexico, by command nf
,Maj. General Scott Two days alter he irsued
the lol. owing additional order ; ,
GENERAL ORDER, No.
ILeaimd abte Armv. National Palace,
, . . Mexics JStpieuiber 15th, 117. , ,
The Gi'i:eral-io-Chief calla upon his brethren
in arme lo return, both in public and private
worship, thanka and ratiiode to God for I lie
glorious and signal triumpha which they have
recently achieved for their country, beginning
with the 10th of Aflast, and ending on the
14th of September. - -
. , This army haa gallantly fbugl.t its way thro
the fields and fort of Cnittrerae, San Antonio,
Cherubutco, Mohno del Rev, Chapuhepec, and
the gate of Rjn Goslerand Tacubaya, into the
capital of Mxco. ' When the very limited
number who had per lor nted Ihoae brilliant deeds
shall have become known, the world will be aa
toniiihed, and our countrymen filled with jny
But all is nt done. The enemy, though
rrtlered and ditxnayed, ha rtill many frag
ment ot nis late army hovering about us, and
awled by an exasperated population, he may a
gain reunitn in treble our number, and fall upon
us io their advantage, if wo rest inactive on the
security of pat.f victories. Compart ness, vifi
lanco and dicipline are therefore our only secu
rities. 1-t every good officer and man sir sit recard
lliiMte cautions, aiul rnpnu them upon all other.
By command uf Mj, Gen rl Scutu
11. I. Storr, A. A. A. 0.
The Mtowing letter from Mdstang' appeaVe
in the N. O. Delta of the 13th. lie gives a
succinct and graphic acoiint of events from the
resumption of hootilit.ea lo the capture of the
Citt op Mtxu-6, Kept. 25, 1947.
The Mexicana having repeatedly violated the
amiii-tice agreed upon between enr arrky and
themselve. Jen. Scott, on iho t!lh, notiqVdyhe
Mexican authorities that unlefathey inal;g,
planation, satisfaction and reparation for the io
jnriea we had austained, we should consider the
armiaiieuat in end on the 7ih, at 12 o'clock tL
Thet not complying with the demands of Geo.
Scott, we commenced preparations for the at
The General-in-Chief received information
that at Molino del Rey, where stood sefrel
buiUlings, the Mexicans were at work casting
cannon, shells, shot, JLc,
military operation, he
D. "siring to atop I
dirt-oied l"n. Worfhwl
iv.ith his divivion, supported by Gen. Cadwala -
dor's Brigade, to attack and destroy the pluce.
on the morning of the Rih and then retffe. The
buildings, which the Mexican coll Co Mala,
iiiuated fu tile west aide of Chapultepcc. ond
f within six poilntj range of the guns of the fort.
On tii- U est sMe of (he buildings, and the breast
worSs wrotitiii them, is a. largo open plalVprad'
iia'fy descending to tlte position ocQitpid hy (he
Mexirans a deepen vine'.' inclipe rottrtd,,ll)i8
plain, or open pace,, until it arrives within
bput two liunrirrdyards ti? the, building upon,
which r?te'd (lie enemy's right' (lank two SI.
pounders, belonging to Cpt. lluger's , seige
train, were placed in position to batter down the
breastworks and buildings, if they wero found to
be occupied by heavy force but Hiey did not
firo but very few.hote, before Gen. Worth
advanced his infantry down the plain, and at
tacked the enemy's works in the front and cen
tre.; The Mexicans openeJ upon them a most
murderous fire from the point attacked, and both
their flanks, which mowed Mown our tnmpa like
grasa before the acythe. . Many of the bestofrt
cere of the division were cut down, and the hea
vy lof in the ranks caused the advance to wa
ver for a 'moineht. until the supporting force
enme up, which also sustained a severe loss.
A column of lancers, numbering 4000 :o fiOOO
which were stationed on the enemy's right, per
ceiving tliy etX ct o( this deadly fire on our in
fantry, caiue charging riown, in the hope of be
ing able to lake advantage of circumstance,
and put our troops to root but they were soon
checked in their onward career. Col. Duncan
brought two pieces of his hsttery to bear upon
theni, and Capt. Drum, with the two recaptu
red B.iena Vis'a pieces, also opened his fire u
prm them while at the same moment. Ma;.
Sumner, with two squadrons nf dragoons, and
Capt. lUfTs company of mounted rifles, which,
until then, had been .held in reserve, patsed
down under the fire from the enemy' works,
and ehargeH the head of Ibeir column, which
they could not stand for a moment, ami com.
menred a confused and precipitous retreat. Al
ter that, lliey rallied twice, and attempted -to
return, but at each, time our little handful of
dragoons made them leave without exchanging
card. While the cavalry and the infantry,
rallying," succeeded In carrying the buildings
and breastworks Which the enemy held, and
compelted them to retreat capturing 7 pieces
nf artillery, a large quantity of ammunition,
small arms, Sic , and about COO prisoners. As
soon as they were driven from the buildings.
Capt. Drum and Cut. Duncan advanced their
light batteries, and Lieut. Stone brought for
ward one of the 24 pounders, the whole ot which
opened a inoat destructive (ire upon them, as
they retreated across a low plain to the rear of
Ibe position they at first occupied. Our lose
was very heavy, and I regret to say, that enme
of the very best officers of our army fell killed
and wounded, while the Mexican lose waa very
slight, until they commenced their retreat
While the cavalry were passing in front nf the
enemy, in order to charge the column of Ian
cers, they vere not under 'the fire more than
ten aeconds, and during that time the'y austiU
ned a los of G officers wounded", 31 privates kil
ted and wounded, and a loss of 103 horses.
There were but two officers that did not have
their horses shot under them but there i one
thing very remarkable, that the horses from
which the rider bad been shot, wheeled and
moved with the same regularity as though they
had been mounted, uutil they came lo halt from
the charge, when they all kept on in bod in
direction of the, enemy. , , ;, .
We were deceived in reference to the char
actcrof thehuilJings, as there waa ho foundry,
ot even a tembUnce nf one and after blowing
op some ol the buildings, and bringing oR our
killed and wotinded, we evacuated the place,
as the occupation of it would give us no advan
tage. Our loss was 800 killed, wounJed and
The result of this engagement taught us one
lesson, which was, that the Mexicans use their
trios well, sad fight well, when they are in po
sition ; and although the superiority of our arm,
and the valor of the troops will eventoally tri
umph, yet still we must call into requisition all
our military science and skill, or we purchase
our Victories at loo dear a priee. A list of the
killed and wounded, you will find in the gene
rut recapitulation which t send you. Many i
tear will be shed on its perusal, and many I
heart wilt bleed tor the noble souls, and the old
and firm veteran which fell in the assault
Col. Riley was now advanced from San An
gel (hi former camp) to El Piedad, in order to
make a diversion, vjnd hold the entrance tn the
w. . . . .. . . . ..
l?;edad and an Antonkt road, lien, nilow a
division moved up in within supporting distance,
and thu rested our army until the 11th, without
any tlii", of moment oermng. The Engineer
coiV " ' busily eni ploj . J Vbl and day in
theirs, fance, ascertain SJ examining
the posittnna of the enemy, anl-erfilTersot en
trance lo the city. The Engineers, through
II our operation! have performed a
itayierou ami laborious duty. Tl.fy hv
I vd themselves of sterling worth of ibteterly
- f anility , and bright ornaments ol their profession.
.There waa a little incident which occurred lo
Capt AJon in one of his roronnoisjinces, w hicli
is worthy of record. It became necessary on
one occasion ajr him Idr very- close to the
enemy' breast work in order to ascertain its true
position. A he approtcnea, .Mexican ollieer
rode riot with two of Ms'fscttrr, and came up
wfthln a very ehortdislanee, whenCapt. Maenii
drew his revolver. 4 The1 Meriean then in Spa-
n'sh saluted 'Giwid morning,' Th Captain re.
spondr d. The Mexican 'then aW, 'You seem
lobe? very furious : suppose yon come a little
ctirser.' 'No, I thank yrwi, sif? I can eee very
weli where I am.' 'Walk inside, sir: we will
endeavor to treat you as well a the accommo
dation of the camp will enable rt.' . 'I am much
iiblig'd to yon, sir, fer your kindness, hut prefer
partaking of ynr hospitalities tin some future oc
casion V And. holding hi spy-glass In In eye,
he ermiinued,' . nnty want at theiiieaewt to see
how you are) situated. l can se two guns in
embrasure, one in Warlwt, ami I hink ysi have
one m embrasure a little further In the left
Thtt gun I see your maw loading, I dd 0m think
you will be able to bring tot bear on me, as I
will keep yon between it and myself;' and, mo
ving round a liuU to the rlght'ln? continued his
observation. ' One of the escort thetleprrke in
English, ant) said; 'Yot'td -i-d ratal, yoil know
better than lo' come in liem' ff I wks to get
hold of you, I'd Cut your d d'throat' Capt.
Mason then said to the officer, 'That fellow nf
yours' speaks very good English, but he makes
very bud use of it, and his scurrility is in stri
king contrast with your own respectful lan
guage. If we had him in our camp, we would
leach him to be more respectful ..The Mexi
can officer then rode idTto one side. Cipt Ma
eon, who had been making his observations du
ring the whole time ol the conversation, aaid to
the officer, 'I have no desire at .present to be
brought within th rang of your goes, and ha
ving learned all I want In know a boat your po
sition, I will bid you good morning,'. sir;' and
then returned to where he had left his escort,
which until then had been unseen by the Mexi
can," who rode hack to the fcrt, apparently uwteh
mortified and disappointed that he had not been
able to decoy the captain into the trap that had
been set for him.
On the 11th, a column of cava'ry sallied nut
from the fort on the San Antonio road, either
fur the purpose of threatening our position or
taking Capt. Magruder's battery, ' which was
stationed with the picket within about NN) yards
of their fort, thongh in a great measure covered
from the range of their gun. As soon as they
got their column moved out into a plnce free
from all obstructions, Capt. Magruder opened
two pieces uponthein with thnt ami shell, which
pased through them with great deal ruction, and
they took lo their heels, and got hack to the fort
aa quick as p-wsible. The fort opened two guns
on the battery, but without further effect than
killing one man of the 15ih infantry. , An, offi
eer abort ly after rie up and inquired of Capt,
Magruder if the fort had fired on hint. Hold
ing a 12 pound shot, he replied Uial he bad tha
gentlemen's card, and be expected his cannon
would carry back hie compliments tn the fort
About sundown Gen. Twiggs, with the ba
lance of hia division, arrived at Piedad and Gen.
1M low moved with his division to the eoulh of
Tscnbaya, and took a position oi, the west side
ot Chapultepec, and Gen. Quitman, with hia di
vision, occupied the road from Tacuhaya lo the
city of Mexico. Gen. Worth a division remai
ning in Tacuhaya.
, In the course of the night three heavy batter
tea were planted in front of ibe Catk of Cliap
ultepec; .No. 1 commanded . by Capt Drum;
No. 2 by Lieut. Ilagner; No. 3 by Lie-it Stone
all under the general command and superin
tendance of Captain lluger. Chief of the Ordi
nance. -Also, during the night General
Twigga' Division planted Capt. Kieptoo's in
front of the lort iterations on the San Antonio
road, it being intended tint Gen. Twifgs should
make a feint for the purpose ol drawing out lite
enemy in that direction.
, At daylight on the morning of the 12th. all
the batteries opened the firl made by Gen
Twiggs division aucceeded admirably. As
soon as Capt. Steptoe opened hi guns the tin
my marched out several heavy columns, and in
reaching the fort paaned within range ol Step
trie's guns, when ho turned a heavy and de
structive fire upon them. . A sum es they rea
chid the work he turned hia attention tn the
fort, and in the course t.f an hour cannonading
drove them out nf it, and silenced all the gnus
Cspt. Steptoe's fire throughout was one of the
most effective and well directed thai haa been
witnesaed during tha war, while hi position
waa such that the enemy's shot had little or ho
effect upon him.
The siege batteries continued an uninterrup
ted fire upon the Castle of Chapultepec throtigli
out the day, which waa answered by eleven
guns in tne worx, Uur guns proved to be ve
ry destructive, a we found after the work waa
taken f00 dead men unburicd but thrown in
ditches. Tue building was alj completely
riddled. - - -
and immediate parent of -despotism.- irrassos.
;" '''qL S--jf a. tt--ffh'olc TS 30
It waa determined on I he morning of iLn 13ili
In stornf (he) Castle of Cltapiiltepeo ami the
wn'r Its con nbeled ( w iVli it. ' The stor m in tf ' pa r ;
ties from (he divisions of Gen. VVrtlianrl;(tn.
fwiggvwhieh-had frequently bern linger
eevefe? fire, wer leclee) k The hravy batter
ies continued their fire upon the fort, and about
ovcfock," AVheb the nrigarTe of fieri. Strrith aT
rived as a sunnortinrr fore tA the division o
ren; vnn msn ss enon es rren crnrnn wi-
gade reached its p-stionthc division of Gen. ,
Pillow passed Molino del Rey and ascended the
hill nn the west side, the Volt igcwr Regiment,
which had boen advanced into tlm timber to
clear it of the enemy's skirmishers, liecame the
assaulting force, supported by the balance of
he) division: Gen Worth was situated lo the
north and on the left of Gen. Pillow. A part
nf Gen. Quitman's force ascended the hill on
he south and to the right of Gen. Pillow. As
the division of Gen. Pillow, ' and a portion of
General Quitman's ascended and carried the
istle in most gallant style, the balance of
ien. Quitman's force and the brigndo of Gen
Smith swept the works nn the road, the whole
nf the rommind moving barnmniouBly and si
multanenusly together, much to the honor nnd
credit of their respective commanders, struck
the enemy in their different positionsat one and
the same , time a fatal blow. The hill where
Gen. Pillow command ascended, had been mi
ned for the purpose ot blowing tip our troope
when they arrived at this point, but the rapid
movements of the Voltigeur Regiment, and the
deadly effect of their rifle, a they followed up
he enemy from tho first position, prevented
their carrying nut their views and intentions.
Ju-H a the command ol Geo. pillow rose the
hill, and wlnle in the act nf assaulting the
work, he fell wounded, and Colonel Ransom,
waa killed, but so lucidly had Gen. Pi!!ow ex
plained hie objects and intentions in carrying
the work and aided by an active and efficient
staff, that his command mo veil on and carried
the work without even being brought to a Hand.
As Gen, Quitman's division was charging on
iho work in the road, Brig. Gen. Shield recei
ved a severe wonnd in the arm, and aa soon a
tfie works were carried he returned and had it
IreWed, and again mounted his horse, which
was shortly afterwards killed under him, but
he continued tn command hie brigade, which
was actively engaged throughout the day, and
the name of Shields will lung b remembered
in connect ion with the laurels won by the Pol
mettn of tl.e South and the Empire of the North
Gni. Pillow being disabled by his wound,
G-n. Worth took Ihe command ol both of his
own division and that of General Pillow, and
advanced along the aqueduct leading to the
fBtee of San Coem. (Jen. Quitman, with his
own command and Gen. Smith'e brigade, alto
advanced towards the city by the anjncducl lea
dine into the city at the gate ol Pirdud, which
ia commanded by the Citadel, On cacti of the
nrutes the two columns met with a dicided and
stubborn resistance, and alU'r the advance rf
Gen. Worth's comma .d had reached the gate
of San Cosmo the fire was mi hot that they were
compelled temporarily to abandon it and did
rot make a permameut lodgement until to
ward e evening, when a portion of the siege
train battery was brought into action, as also a
piece or two ot the mountain howitzers, whirh
hurleil'the shot snd shell about the eara of the
enemy a little hotter than they desired. 'Gen,
Quitman's column, with the Rifl-s at their head
continued steadily and cauiino!y on, taking po
sition and breast wot k as they came in contact
with them until they arrived near the gate ol
ihe city. Here' the firing was so heavy, both
from small arm and artillery, that it was deem
prudent to carefully reconnoitre it before attack
ing. Accordingly Lieut. Beauregard, of the
engineers; Irvell.nf Gen. Quitmau's staff, and
Van Doren, nf Gen. Smith's stall, went forward
lo ascertain thn position of sflitira; they retur
red, and upon their report the Rifles, supported
by a small force of infantry, waa advanced for
ward for thn purpose of picking elT the artiller
ists, which lliey did being partially covered by
the aqueduct with Iho mioh succee and aecu
racy as one of our sit hern or western men
would shoot wiuirrels. Tins rendered the situa
ti.Mi of the Mexican ariilli-riftH so uncnmfortabl
that they were unable tn stand to their pun
long enough to load them, ami they commenced
moving their guns, which was perceived by
uenerai riuuinan, ami lie nruercu a cuarge,
which was carried into execution a soon as
commanded Lieut Stuart. o( the R.flee, load
ing Ihe way. It captured ihe main work, wii'tl
two pieet-a ot artillery, which Captain lUHn
turned on the retreating ener,y. Gee Quit
loan waa himself among the; first to meant th
brewstworb end plant the nandar thereon, at 1
o'clock; Ihe enemv then f. ,rmPj and three
limv attempted (r. crge ,UJ ,ik the p.v
iiion. but The unerring r.d deadly lira of Ihe
II fie. tngeMw, vUh t V0Ua, c,f fUp9 from
Captain, "juno. o '(U (tem lo p;,CM (ut Ihey
""UU- uMeppr -jw ,..,. ifl-fcb.A. The
l'".rd time tr,y ln(4 lrt tJVUOso under Ihe Cv
t of he 4JU of tho gnueJasl, tu'. if ever a
lnit Kft or AlpyERTIftlGK.'
I square I -inertin, i .' i - fv M
I do 2 do . . . 0 75
I do 3 . do .., ,,,.. ,1 flit
Evr-rV subsequent insertion, ' '.''' 9 l.V
Yearly Advertisement t one column, $2fl s half
eotumn, $18, three aiiiaree, $12 twe square. t
one square, $.1. , Half-yearly t en column, f if) ;
half column, $12 ; three sqraree, $8 ; lwoqurr,
$5; one iUate, $3 50.
Advertisement left rithoul direction ifi rhe.
length of time Kiev are to be published. ilH
continued until ordered out, and charged aet.rU
nglv. ' . , .
C'r'meeri line or Irs make a aqiiare. vv
am inn n i i iibwSSSAi sn 0mmmm saws n i i' i,
Mexican poked hia head out for the puios of'
elipuing from one arch to the oilier, some rifle
man would be? sure to put a ball through it.
Dunns the wholn of the afternoon the Cna
del anil a .lprt, on our right continued a concea
trat'ed fire upon the gate, whereour troops wore,
in lhe hopeaof driving them nut, but in thin they
were much mistaken, al. hough we had but lit-
e cover.., Here it was that the lamented Capt
Dunn Cell mortally wnunded,(phe death ul uo
man in our army has been more sincerely re-
grelt'd than his throughout the b.imbjrde-
ment of Chapultepec' 1i a'ood by his cuia. a'l
when the works 6f the enfmy Were stowed, ho
continued to advance bis battery under the hea-
iet fire, himself possessing and infusing into
hia men a cool and deliberate bravery and self
possession turpaseil by none. You will reeol-
lect it wad his who recaptured the Buena Vis-
la gun, still covered with the blood if thoso
who fell ovnr them at Iho time they were hmt.
ml altcrwurdv) uxed thetn with such deo s ve
effect at the battle of Moline del Rey on tbe tli
inst. Under cover of the, nighlGoii. Quitmnn'it
column erected a brcartwork,' and put into po
sition a battery of two 18, one 30lb howitzert
and one 24-pound howil'xer, intenrling lo warm
up the Citadel in the morning. Gen. Worth a
column got hi guns in a position to rake every
thing in his vicinity, and after night Liouill ig-
ner threw a few shot and shell into the city.
which no one double intimidated the enemy ve
ry much, as they had a taste of this at Yen
After the results and successes of the day.
Gen. Scott intended, on the morning of the 11th,
lo make a lodgment on the "New Pnaeo," (en
tering by the San Corioe. gate,) and borr.lrard
the city, and for this purpose the balance of
Gen. .Twigga' division , was ordered from El
Piedad to the support of Gen. Worth.
On the night of the 13ih Santa Anna evacua
ted all his positions, and retreated from the city,
having had more than one-half of hia army til
ed and wounded or taken prisoners among
the latter, Gen. Bravo, with his staff, at Chapul
tepec. Santa Anna found that if he fought lie
on the 1 lib, he would hardly have a body guard
left lo cover hia retreat.
Early in .the morning, the two cofumns took
up their march. Gen. Quitman and Smith at
the head of their commands, entered the Grand
National riaza nt 7 o'clock. The column was
formed in the Plaza, and by order ot Get Quit
man, the National Standard nf the Ctrro G..ti?o
Division while the command came to a prefent,
was flung to the breeze over tho National Ph
lace, and it now triumphantly waves over he
Halls of the Montezutnas, and with one of our
national poets, we may ray
Our flag is there, our flaz i there
Behold its glorious stripe an ' us !
Owr flag ia there, our flag is there
We hail it with three loud buz.a '"
Gen. Worth's command halted b ur or
squares fiom the Plan, where Col. Carl m l
wounded. - ,
About fl o'clock, Gen. Scott and Siaff. io rUt
feather, escorted by the Cavalry, entered t
city, amidst the huzzas of the soldiery on e)
side. As he entered, Ihe baud ol the JJ Dra
goons, mounted,' interested the staring crowds
with Hail Columbia. A the escort enterV-d
the Grand Plaza, the band moved the patriolir.ni
of the wholo of us to a little higher pitch, by
ihe pood, old fahioned national air of Yankea
One of the first acta of General Seott was to
appoint General Quitman Civil and Military
Governor of Mexico, and Col. F. S Btfl'on I.t.
Governor. Gen. Quitman's department em
braces Ihe following officer Capt. F. N. Poge.
Ass't Adj't General, and Lieut. M. I x veil, M.
Wilcox, and R. P. Hammond, Aid-de-Camp ;
Captain G. T. M. Davis, Secretary, and Mt.
Iavi Interpreter. .
Throughout th 1 tth, and on the morning rf
the l.'i'h, the Mexicana continued to fire froi o
the corner and lops of the houses, killi'. g
some and wounding many. They were, l,i,w
ever, very much mistaken when they rant e ti
engage tho Rifle on the house tops ; d-urirg
their revolution they would fV'nt in thir way
for several days, without doi-.tg each other much
Injury ; but the desJIy fi ,e of the lliflea picked
ihein'out from their '.,'iding plees, where they
lead expected it, '.nil made ttrem very wilting
to ceaBe so unec,,,! , Canib t.
I he otlice, on, rn.y have su tiered severe-
ly ; they wcre foremost in the fight, and of
Course the first to tall. Isiiiisiana anil Mts.is
ir"ji, twin risiere of the 'Autb, have been mot
ably and tobly represented. M raireippi. which
haa sent heroes lo this war by regiment, may
well bo prond of her representative and h
haa the honor of having one ot her citirenaMie,
fir.t American Governor in the Hall ot thej
Since our army arrived in the valley, we have
hvit about 3000 men, in killed and wounded.
We have destroyed the Mexican army, of over
90000 men upward of 0000 of which have
j been taken prisoner. Wa have captured 70
Im ciI artutery U7 at -the battle of Contra
ra. 10 in the fort at Churubuaco, and 23 on tho
MiS. PJ h nJ 1 Ph. MUSTANU.