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pfticcs or AWVfcttTiaifttt.
square I insertion, . fO
1 do . do . . . . 0 T
1 do $ do . . . . I HO
YeatlV Adveittsemlpnis mnMlinxH aa h.if
If. B. MASSlTRi Y PceLiantas isn
JOSEPH EISELY. Uimi,
W If. JtUtSSKH, Kdlfr.
OJlee in Centre ir le rear" a .Vat-
TH E " AM RKICA Nrt is publiiiwd every Satur
day at TWO DOLLARS per tnnum to tie
' paid half yearly hi advance. No paper discontin
ued ttll Ate arresrages are paid.
No subscription! received for a teat period than
iv MOUTH. All communication or letter on
business relating to the office, to insure attention,
must t TOST PAID.
AND SHAMOK1N JOURNAL.
enlurnn, 8, three sqttarea, fit j two squiites, f 1
on. squnra, m. . tisii-yeariy i one totumn, fia J
haircorurnn.tl'j three squires, ts two squares,
(5 1 one square, f 3 50.
Absolute acquiescence in the decMone of the majority, the vital principle of Republics, from which there i ao appeal but to force, the vital principle arid Immediate parent of despotism. Jsrrtksne.
Advertisement left without dlmcl bhs as tn
Wnth of tiVnn they Ira to be published, will I
continued tmlil ordered out, and charged accord
Ineiy- , .
By Utttsser lb Elneli .
Sunbury, KortbumberlAnd Cbl Pa. SaiUt-tlR?, pkV jw, l84
Vol. --!' lWhole No, 305
C-Rittetri tl net or leak mate k squ&re.
7TATCH3C3 JB VTELaRT,
"Philadelphia Watch and Jnoelry Stort,"
N. &6 North 8ECON0 street, corner of Quarry.
GOLD Lever Watches, full
jewelled, IS carat cases, $45 00
8Hver Lever Wntchea, full
i jewelled, . .. . S8 00
8ilver l.ever Watches, ee
en ieweln, I 00
'Silver lupine Watchis, jewelled, finest
quality, : i 1 ' 14 W)
pevloe pearlier Watche :: 10 00
Iraiiatioo (juvrtier Wtchee,not warranted, 6 00
Gold Spectacles, 00
Fie Silver Spectschw, 1 17ft
Gold Brao-leta with tonax a'ones, 8 AO
LaoWt5oM rVnclK '16 cirrst., t 00
94d Fmavr IKiiige 37) eta to (8 i Watch Ctas
sea, plain, 12 cn patent, IRj Lunet. 2ft. 0
ther erticlea m awopoition. All good warranted
to be what they eve sold for, O. CONRAD.
'. IHi head, some Gold eail S'dver Levers, Lepinea
and Quartiera, tower than rbe abmve priceat .
PWMelphis Dec., tM.-ty - .
Boot & Shoe
! DANIEL nRUCKKMIl.t.Eit, '
At Ju$ IM Enlablishmenl, in Market Srvet,
,'" ':' ' "' " Snnbvry, ' ''
. (OVMdlTC TNI HBO tlON ItOTBt,)
RETURNS hia thanka for p-t favors, and ra
apectfully inforrot hia frienda and the public
generally, that he continues to manufacture to or
der, in the neatest and latest style,
CHEAP IIOOT8 AKD SHOES,
warranted "f the beat material, and made by the
most experienced workmen. Ha also keeps on
hand a general assortment of fashionable Boota for
gentlemen, together with a large slock of fashion
able gentlemen's, boys', lailirs and children's Shoes,
II of which have been mmle under hi own imme
diate inspection, and tre or the best material and
workmanship, which ho will aell low for cash.
In addition to the above, he haa lust received
from Philadelphia lew and extensive supply of
Moots, Shoes, Ac. of all descriptions, which he W
i 'Acts for cs Ji, cheaper than ever before offered to
this place. He respectfully invhes hi old custo
mera, and others, to call end examine for them
elves.' ' , '
' Repairing dona with neatness and despatch.
' Sunbury; Aagtost Iftth; 1946. ;
,7"" 1 M rO R T A !f T
1 TO ALL COUNTRY
i ,YOU may be ansa of obuimng, at
I (J.al time, pure and highly flavored
By the single pound or larger quartity, at the
Fekln Tea Company's WM-ehone,
30 Stmt k Suomd ttrett, between MarUt utiJCke:
. - , nut ttreets.
' Heretofore it has been very difficult, indeed, al
moMt impoasibte, always to obtain good Grmn and
Blxek Tew. Baa now yoa have orrly to visit the
JVkin Tea Uonspauy's Store, to obtain as drlirion
nd fragrant Tea aa you could wish far. , All tastes,
can here be suited, with the advantage of getting a
pure article at low price ' 1 i '
June 87th, 1846. ; - ' ' '-
F1A JN U . S .
THE SUBSCRIBER B.en spjoin .rm,
for the .M f CON RAD MEYER'S CEL-
KSOii at (ilia Dlace. Tbeaa f itoos nava a plain,
- '- - .
nuidm and beautiful exterior Rui-h, anJ, for depth
4nd sweetnees of toae, and' elegance of workman-
hip, are oat sarreuved by any in tba Uoited States
The folio iut ia a leooMitendatioa fromCaan
UiKTt, celebrated performer, and himself a man
i . u cABft' ' ' ''
I H.Tiae had the plea u re of trying the acee4
lent Fiano Fortaa marifaetenad by Mr. Mayer, and
..Sihust ai the Uat exhibition of the Franklin In
stitute, I feel it due to the true merit of the maker
U declare that these instrument are quite equar
mad in: soma rwMcis even aopenas, la all las ri
oo i Fertas, I saw at tha eapiula of Europe, and
JnriuK a aniourn of two tests at Paris..
These Pianos will be sold at ths manufacturer's
lowest Philaderihia prices, if not something lower.
reesona sr requestad I cau and examine rot
themselves at the. residence ina suMcriner.
8unburv.tsv 17. 1845. H. B. MASSE R.
Tf! A WTT. TIT. 0T.
sssssTr mm m m mm mm w
The puMic wiU pteaaa oWve that no Brandretb
I'illa era gsnutnei unless tha box haa three ta
liela upon it, (tha- top, tho aula and' the bottom)
f.ch containing a l.e-simiieaianwur. n , .u-
. - - e l j
wriUoa-thus B.BBaeTO, M.U Tbeaa la.
bei-aie engraved or ateol.ibaaaitifully designed,
and done at an expeuse of over $2,000. Therefore
it will be -.n that the ooly thing ncjr, to pre-
cure tha mediciua in its purity, ia to observe these
Remember tba top, tba side, and the bottom,
Tba follow.og respective parsons era auiv suinun
xed. and hold
rrsaiPinflAirn Or ASBlfoT
For lbs sal of HrandrSh't I tgttatilelhurter.
Northumberland eountv t Milton Maekey dr.
i-'Sjmbeilm. Saarnirr H. B. Masser. M'Ewens-
v;il.Irelsnd4b Meixelt. Northumherland Waa.
v..th Georcetown J. sk i. Walts.
iT.,u Countvi New Berlin Bogsr Win
let 8elinr--4JeorO Gundrum. Midlife.
Kiire laaae Smith. Beavenown DaviJ Hubler.
Adamsburg Waa. J. May. MiaiMsborg MstMch
tt.. Hartieioa Dsniel Long. Freeburg
t. A P.C. Mover. ewisburg-WaU. ek Greco
Oolumbia cooniy t ','"rr.L Tl. J ."T
r.-;r..lr a Brobta. BloomseorfwJohn R.
M. I A -
Moyer. Jstsey Town Uvi Blael. WMhington
KohuMcOsy. Lim4Mona--Bala-t - .
Oboerve that aach Agent hM an tTaraved Cer.
U?ViV, .Z'..' .lB-,:;.,a Sro. Sine.
. j ' k:.L. -:n .i, aan a i act copiee of
the iKto UkU wo0 uted upon Ma BmnarttA ria
Jloret. m. .
irk i4) '
- - .
, Selected for the American..,
The First Gray Ilair.
"BY A. H. i- BL'CMaKAN. ' '
t'ut flowers in your hair, Mother,
Your curls are smooth and brown ; .
They feel a to ft beneath my hand ,
'At a young robin's down.
Here it a rose, a crimson rose;
No ! it shall not be there .
The thorn it hide among ilt buds.
Might pierte e'eri thromjh yonr hair.
But this tweet pe, that haa its leave
Outstretched as if to fly, ,
And thi Mae viotet, that seem
To look like your own eye,
Calmly and kindly on me, tbu
Between thit rock I'll lay ;
Oh ! Mother, here amidst them chine
, A bair of silver gray.
'Ti an ua welcome harbinger
Of many mora a gray,
That will replace those shining threads,
And feeling dimmed aa they. .
My son, there it a heavy thought
That doth my heart depress,
That when taoo seesl tbote altered rocks "
: Thou'lt love tby mother leu
The shades, the gleam of manbooiT miml
Will flicker in thine eye,
Betrayers of wild, dreamy thought,
Or of aspiring high, '
Thy mother1 love -thy mother's car,
AlasT may be forgot; '
A flower which wreathe a fenat bro
- Are last when needed riot. " f
Sweet Mother, nd t t do riot think'
'TwoulJ be a manly heart, . fc
That of its ieelings would not give .
Its earliest love a part.
If in those far off year fair form
In my pathway arise,
' With red soft cheekt 4nd smfeoth da'rV cur 1
And blue and shining eye,1 " '
1 I'll tell how soft my mother' were "
When I tood by her knee ; - 11
. O: each gray hair more pretioua than .(
A cOrd of gold shall be.
' Believe me, Mother,' or Til lean
Upon your breast and weep: ,
' I cannot see i you look so sad,
And1 say vttf prayer and sleep.'
Suhbory, 1&33. " ' " '
Ot; it Imphovememt Frugal management and
an increased and increasing trade,' bave'placedthe
rmblic improvements ef Pennsylvania' irl such a
condition, that little or no apprehension is' no-
fait mm tn th Bhilit of nur ttatl- ftltl SMtt
tly ,0 meet , h engsgemenl. The to.
. i . .
n m.ri' ll i: ' I 1 fl -
tanais ana jvanroaus wn prrprru oj mi. i no
mas L. Wilson, Secretary of the lioanl of Canal
ia August, isrr; ' " tioi.wo n
Ia August, 184, 136,313 20
Increase August, 1847, 933,429' M'
Total amount of Tolls received
from Dee 1, 1840, to Sept 1817, 1,21 1,313 09
Same period last year, 87,201 58
Increase in 1817. . $301,17161
It ia estimated tbat tba total toll this yea
will exceed fifteen hundred thousand dollars ao
increase of thirty4hxae and ona-thiid per cent
compared with the recelpta of 1640. And yet in
tha face of affair ao gratifying, our State seeuri
tie are now selling at twenty. three per cent, be'
low their par value,-.
. . i a-
' "urn " "J '
ward Hkaats, reaiding in tba town of Bethany,
Genneasee Co., N. YH waa bitten by a mad dug
. . rh,.n nn .
--.; . . ' - .
ni mere; rie never ten me eneets or :ne
bite until the week beforo last, when he WS
Uckedf mni h.d twentV-flve pa-
' ... . , .T
roxysms, which are said to have been of the
most alarming character; He was bled freelr.
w refluced ,0 0O lhe con,uiiion. ,na
ia now cotnparatively easy, with prospects of a
IUndoomo AcaaovvLtDOMCT to Gat-
Liirrav. The farr-famed Miaeiesippi Riflemen
Regimenr, have' been permitted; through the
good offices of the Governor ot the State, to re
tain the guns by which they won och impcri
bWe honor tn Mexica The Government at
the request of the Governor, ha issued them to
i ik. ,-. . .l. j
doe it, and he,
considerine be could not render a
I . . .
We serf ice to the people, baa declared nbere
ho1 be no divorce bctwea tho gallant aoldier
and hia gun.'
P-. W.aol.Co.-Th. Ii.bilif.ea of thia
housa ar set down at betweea aae sad two mil
I lioos, a large part of which, it is uodsrstood, is
I held by tba Barings. Their suspension ws rau
I end Alexsndsr k Co , oj Loodon
r ni"i vsRI CRIIZ. I
Colonel Mifee in fJoinmand of the troop at I
vora tnii Capt Walker arrested by il-jof J
tally Inquiry into th conduct of Captain
...-. .reoea and oanta Anna, .
We make tho following- extract from a let-
ter from Vera Crut, to the New Orlean N.
'n-t i-ftl .
iiuimi, uaieu cm pr. isi. . i
The corhmhnd of the tmntM fl An tuA mean
( . .
the Oilvertrowhi?) haa passed into the hand of
Lieut Col. D. S. Mile ; he la well qualified For
the position. '
Lally ia (till in Jala pa. and haa received a
lipht wound. By the wy, there ha been I
iorhe trouble belween him and Cant Walker. I
formerly or the R4nirera. It inpears that Wal-
ker had been eent down with a mouotcd torce
to the relief uf the Major, and after hi arrival,
acted rather independently, and did aome thing
tnai am not exactly meet with the Major a ap-
probation ; that the fclsjor finally arrested him,
or rather ordered him into arrest, and that Wal-
ker disregarded the order and . withdraw Lie
command to Coat pee, aome thirty milee dia-
lent. I presume the Captain thought the time
tontntereatmK lobe in inactire arreat.
He baa made himself the terror of the coun
try in and about Jalspa and Perote, and I am
told that the nativee are a little anxinua to have
him withdrawn front that' part Of the country.
Alter he left Jala pa he overhauled aome Mexi
cans, and recaptures) the mail taken from Lai
ly'a train. ; 1
I understand that a court of inquiry hak been
inaeaaion for aome time, instituted at the re-
queat of Capt. Welle, for the purpoao of inveeti-
ratine the circumslnrlcei atteridihr hia exoedi.
tton,' and forming thererrom' an opinion aa to
whether bei (Cpt WelUj ia to be regarded aa
blameless. Col. Mile presided, and, I under-
tarid, that the court exculpated Capt; Welle I
entirely, and, oh the Contrary, regarded hia con-
duct a perfectly officer-like. ,
Aa for Paredea, ho haltrd bef.ire he reached
the city; at a place called Callenta eomrauni-
cated with Santa Aiioe. but Sant Anna wouM
have nothina? to do' with him. but. en the contra-1
ry, ordered him to leave the country on tho pe-1
nalty or death. . l'aredc refuseu to obey, and ia
also raiains or atlemolioa to raise a nart to out
down Santa Anna.
, . VaUUiia at CeKTBKhoex A enrreapohdant
of the New Orleans Tiruea givca the fofloWing
account of Vaiencia'a cuudnct at Cofitrertw,
which agreee; wilff what Santa Anna nye of
' "Valencia was'mofe than half drunk, and hid
spent the early part of the' tAfWi in alternate
freaks' of good and bad humor ; in one niitiute
cutBingi ahd the next' prorriot'lng Ina officere, and
ifpehsing comrniwions oh every hsnd." Santa
Anna seemed to be fearful ofnine accident, and
at one time sent an aid to caution kim against
the probable intentions of General Bcott, but
old Valencia tul.l tli tnemmenart In "mi In.
f"ra al carroin he could "take cin of hia
. - a t -
own diviaion without Santa AWe aaetaUoao."
Whenever tar one of hia own oTfieara would
beiaie him a reonrt of tha movmet rf tho A.
menosns, bo would driv Ihotn from him wilH
vocabulary of Spanish blackguardiam. To this
fact ia to be attributed, in a great measure, the
quiet deetrirriW of hie force, a he waa utterly
unprepared when the attack waa made."
Tub Killed md Woiaaro, We copy from
the Delta a list' of the killed and wounded offl-
cera and privates, in the variou diviaion and
brigadea of our army, in the late bailie before
tho city of Mexico, The killed, wo are grati-
fiud.sre not numerouaa we eupposed, and ma-
ny of the wounied are but alightly hurt. The
ccapitulation ia follower
Killed. Wounded, Mis
Geo, Worth' Division, 37 280 111
Gen. TwiggaV do. 10 54 11
Second Brigade, 23 T4J 4
Engineer Com pa ay, . 4 1
Comp. K, lat Artillery, 2 23
Can. Pillow'a Diviaion, 12 4
2J Brigade, Voltigeur 1
and Howitzer Coa, ' 0 2(1 2
Palmetto Regiment,' 13 154' " .,
Gen.'Quitnian'a Dir., 10 PS
' .128 " 800 33
Con. reatt.- Ctwi. Perry, on hia return to
the squadron at AlvtfaJo, fonod two aailora had the bell, had thrown oo her clotl.ee. and eama
been hilled on shore by aome Meaiaaoa. He down atatra to v'ae dour of the DucluW chain
arrested tba Alcalde, and required biin to pay ber, which aba attempted to open) but failedi it
92.1KX) tor tho pea of the widowa of tht two
men. Fifty bale of cotton belongiag to theea,
he slatea, had beeo Uken out of the jail, where
they bad bean stored. Conv P. sent ward to
the euthoritiee, that if the cotton w not forth.
coming he would aet Are to two Mexican w'hlpa
lying in the harbor, and if that waa insufficient,
raze the town. The cotton waa immediately
ptodaced. Thia ia making war 'in earnest, and
ia the course which should be parsucd on all oc
casion with thg Mexican.
. Tha Perile-Irs
Of the F.xtrnnr dinar y Murder of the Duches
' dt Cfinuenl Prasliri, W the. Suicide ffhtr
The to0Mfie .re the particular of thia ex-
traotdinery occurrence. The Duchess is trie
daughter of Marshal Sebastiani, of one of tho
Ill . t . . . ...
oiuosi ana most oistiriffuisiied tarniiies id
- r . i . A
' Atetirhten rhe formed a love match, contra-
r to the wishes of her family, with the duke do
Choie - ul - Prastin, ' then only one and twenty,
and the head of another noble family, not Ires
illustrious by leseent fhsn herWn,fand poiwea
erd of a larire inheritance. To thia marriao-e
nine children were born, six dauohtera ami three
sons, and the parents were atill eliurt of tho mo
ridian life, the Duke beinrr only 42 and tho tht
dies till. Causes of dissension arose of late
yeara Vlween tnetw, out of circum-tancea
which engendered jalnuy in the Diiclirss and
a evparation waa thrcatehtnl by hrr. The
Queen and Madame Adetnld, who honored hrr
with their especial friendship, however, interve
ned, and brought about a seeming reconcilia
On the Uth of the present month the fainilv,
who were staying at their magnificent chateau
of Vauee Praslin, came to Paria by the Orleans
railway, Willi the purpose of proceeding to I)i
effo, for the bathing season. They arrived in
town at nine o'clock in the evening, and imme
diately left the railway station in two carriages,
one of which Containing the Duchesa and some
ol lbe cbilt,,en ent dirw:t, to tho Hotel Sc
baaliana, their town residence, in the Rue Fu-
bourg St Honore, and the other, with the
Huke and the otlier children, drove firat to the
reeuJence of a lady who had been lately govern-
' fmily, to visit her, and thence to the
"otel Sebaatianl, where it arrived about an
hoo' r than the former carriage, which
srougtii me lAicheea. v , -
Common report sera tbat the Duchesa ex
preeseC her displeasure in strong langnsge at
ni " gerneaa at such an hour, and
eepeetaHy at her daughtera being bruug'hl there.
and that a abarp altercation ensued, ftc thia aa
L may " quiei, inu mt lamiiy naa reurco
' ' at eleven o'clock, The Duchesa' bed
room waa on the ground floor, the windows
pening upon the colonnade of the hotel, which
look upon tha garden. The Duke' room was
sparated from it by a cabinet, ante-room arid r
At half past four in the morning the Duke
proceeded to the room of the Ihicbess, provided
with three means of murder that ia to say .' with
corde to strangle, with a knife to stab, and with
a ' loaJcd pistol. Strangulatiou presented se
Verel obvious advantages, and was, as is euppo
ed, first tried. The nooaa slipped over the
neck of the victim, but had not time to be dr wn
tight before she started up, nude resistence, and
attempted noise. Instantly the knife was re
sorted to, and' stroke w made at the neck
m il " Joe rcrj. A wound was in
- . ... ... .... ..
"'Cted and blood flowed, but the oeCt aimeJ
mlaoeej, and the ww.nd was not mortal
Th Duclieea waa a yet on the bed where she
h'J been asleep. A alrong and powerful w.
"fPlwd to a man under the niid-e sice,
,1w now "B'fK.V ,i,e-. sh lrn?
the DoJ ,na 1 "T0 bnflJr cied
The aasaaain waa atill attued with the knife,
ith which he iqflicled in rapit! aticceeeiou half
a doKen blowa about tho neck nd breast, none
of which, however, inflicted a tlesih-woiind.
The Duchesa made for, the bell, which was be
side the chimney piece, . She succeeded in re
chin 11 'nd ringing iU . to accomplishing thi
ehe h,d ,e,te4 ,he 'ife tne bla,le. "d er
nar,a " "'finuny wounded, one or tho fln
er- oemB nMriv eerca irom it. sue stsg
gefed thon toward the waJI bi:eide the (Ire
place, on which, in two place, the print ot the
bloody hand waa left. The bell-cord whete
she grasped it was covered with pure.
In the last blowa the assassin bad broken the
knife, and desiring, doubtless, to rtespitch hi
victim beforo w lines should arrive heeel .ed
the pistol by Ita barrel aad atrnck her a nrvmbcr
of aevere blowa on tho head, by which ,he ap
peals to hsv been atunned and prorate j (.n
the fl or, near a small eofa or divan, which
stood beside the chimney place.' The murderer
then left the chamber, and proceeded to open
one of the windo'.r in the a.jjacent cabinet.
W liile these circutr,vncee wefe proceeding,
aimne Vfiawitr, vho had been loused by
beiojr fastened oo tha inaide. She (hen called
! up one of tho male domestic, informing him
I that, the Duchesa wi IndUpotcd, aa she heard
her moaning, hut coulJ not open hst door, and
required tha man' assistance to accomplish
thle. The two servants returned to the door,
and again failed to open it. It then occurred to
the man to try the wiodow which looked on tbe
garden, and being on a level with tbe porch
way or collonnide, were easily accessible.
Tbe chject cf the P.ke in proceeding to open
e window of (lie cabinet) ia p res timed to have
been to create ruiinds for the inference that
n assin had intiirfd from the garden, and
csrsped by the ssine means be this 4s it mty,
the Duko was in the act of execulin; thia pur
pose at the moment that the mh nerVant pre
sented himrelf at the same window to attempt
n entrance llinro to the chamber of the Duch
He saw the figure of the Duke, who in
stantly retired on perceiving him.
The eervant then returned to the door of the
Duchess1 chamber, and having become seriously
larmed foreed the door in. The window shut-
trra being cloned, the chamber was faintly illu
minated bv a niplil lamp, the Duchesa was
stretched on the floor with her head leaning on
he divan. On lighting lhe candles, which as
ueiial stood nn the chimney piece, the horrible
spectacle presented by tho chamber wsadisclo
ced to the atTrirhtnii servants. The fix Was
iterally a eca of blond ; various article of Hit
niturc displaced or overturned in the atrtiggte
aid diiMirranged around the room. Tho Duch
eaa still lived, but waa speechless, and scarcely
sensible. . The Grl impulse of the domestic
was to rush forth and call for aid. One Went
to rouse the dnor-porter to nend for medical aa
istance and the police i the other went to the
Duke's room, when he prevented himself dres
sed. - . : ,
, On hearing the intelligence the feeling he
exprpseed wero those of reproach tn the ser
vant! fur negligence in leaving the house expo
sed, more than those of horror at tlio catrastro-
phe. He .runhed into the Duchess's room and
taking her in his arms, raised her to the sofa, a
manoeuvre which was allcrwarda ascribed to
the design of obtaining, a mean of explaining
the blood upon hia vestmenta and person. Tbe
police and medical assistance soon arrived, but
the latter waa too late to be useful, the Duch
eaa speedily expired, not from any wound abso
lutely mortal, but from htmorhsge. The magia-
tralee came ono by one, including the Procu
reur do Iloi and tho Fmcoreut General, and fl
Bally the Prefect ot Police and the Minister of
A considerable time elapsed many inquiriea
were raised searches made through Jhe ato
mises and in the garden before the slightest
suspicion foil on the Duke. According to aotne
reports, the inqoiriea addressed to tho Dnke
were not of audi a nature a to indicate the hor
rible suspicion entertained by the magistrates
until the day of the 19th. Doubtleaa these
functionaries brooded on that suspicion long be
fore they could make tip their mind to let it be
perceived by the Duke. At length, however,
the questions or the l'rocnreur General summed
an unequivocal shape, and the Duke taw the
point tn which they were llrresrd. He is re
ported tn have become as pale as a Corpse, and
to have betrayed in his perion end manner, the
profound agitation whit;li ho ft.lt. Ha retired
to his mom, the authorities not yet deciding to
place him under arreb'. nor to treat him in any
respect aa an accuoed person. It wa at tl4at
moment that he ia supposed to have swallowed
a large quantity ol arsenic. , ,
The medical inquiriea aubscquently institu
ted, ehow that the eflecta produced by the poi
son are so nearly identical with tl.ote of chole
ra aa to bo undistinguiehable. ln the firat in
stance, the medical men in attendance are ad
mitted to have been betrsytd into an error by
thia circumstance, and to have ttribed the pros
tration, vomitings, and ui.uer symptoms exhibit
d by the Duke, to ciiulera, brought on by the
high mental excitement consequent on tbe ca.
tastropbe. . On, the uornirig ol tha 21st, be
tween 4 and 5 o'clock, the duke Waa removed to
the prison of the Luxembourg, tho evidence be
ing deemed, sufficient to establish a charge of
murder against him. Tbe cliambut of peer
wa constituted into t court uf juallco by royal
ardinAuce, and a comniiUca appointed by it, pro
ceedvd no that day to eXstnine the duke.
Varioue reswho are giVoh by the medical
men for the slow and intermitting effect of the
poisou r bttt the highest authorities in the ftcul
ly sgtee tlntt there fa rmthihg exceptional in the
cw,-ahd that the poiroh might remain in tho
system for several day without producing death.
In tine, tho duke became gradually Worse oh the
??d aud &)d, and bn the morning of the 2 1th hia
apptoachlng diisotution became evident, the cu
rate of the parish wss railed in, and the last
rite of religion wai administered, and, aftcf tn
atfony of fifty minutee, ho died, at S3 minute
peat 4, on the afternoon of the 24ih.
The populace, highly rtavperatud at the a-
trodlly of the deedj and believing in the pnaai
bility of the victim bring snatched from justice,
through tho influence of hi rank and wealth,
crowded round the priebn in large number, and
the authorities apprehended tbat hi remain
might even be violated. After the body waa
examined by anatomist employed for the pur
pose, and the viscera, brain and otbaf necessary
parte were taken away for analysis, it waa de
term f ned to inter the remain in tha darkness
and ailance of tbe night. It arrived at tha grave
betrre two o'clock, where it waa deposited
witbont any religtoua eeremony, and where it
liea w.'.ho-l any mark to indicate tbe rp"
W'rnt Attn TV roast The wottdtrful pro.
gresa of thi Country in population and Wealth,
haa excited the astonishment of the world. The
Friends ol free Institutions everywhere huvc
watched idle pmgrers with admiration, nd have
adduced the Mccess Which has autmlvt) nur
experiment as a triumphant iltustratiun t)f the
capability of the people for sell gevemtneht.
But wonderful as has been our progtes in
the past, the future promises atill more astoun
ding developments. 1'he following tab'e ie ta
ken frotn the Westminster Revie. If in 0
years, the popnlatitn of this country ia dertmed
to reach the vaat tggregattJ of IST.fKiO.WKl of
etul'i what trrmrndcua respjiisibilitics rest up
on our rtilots ! A Country with such a destiny,
ehould be governed by wise men, whose polity
will lead tn Die speedy deVelopement of its hid
den resource", ahd to the early con.-t ruction and
improvement of every requited commercial faci
lity. The population of America was stated, or pYr-
haps waa supposed to be, in 1770, 0,(XK),(KK)
A census waa officially taken for the
first time in 1790,
Again In 100,
Of which the whites were
" free colored,
In 1810 ceneiie waa again taken, and the
numbers were 17,000,000. A calculation may
ba made from thia, without enumerating the odd
numbers beyond tho millions, and suppieim;
that the increment will continue at the rnn
rate as It haa occurred in the psst, tha follow
ing result will arise:
There will he In It? 10, .
. 1900, -
Cot, nlnkoia, who wss' badly wohndi-d at
Mexico, was theeame gallant officer who. at
the head of the Recond Ohio volunteers, defea
ted L'rrea last winter. Ho Is quite a youny
man and of great military talent. Col. Dicker
son, ot the Mouth Carolina Regiment, who wntr
wounded, ia tho mine rltlcer who wss the fir s.t
ooo wounded at Vera Cruz.
CavtttKa is tub Svx Proleasor Mitchell,
of Cincinnati, says: 'There are now 011 the
surface of tho Bun no less than three vast cavi
ties, beside a namber of smaller one. Tho
diameter of the penumbra of tho largest of theao
opening is not lea than 30,000 milee, while the
central core, (thought to be the body of the
Bun seen through the aperture,) is at leant one
third ot thia quantity. Here a rent quite eutn
cient to permit the passage of our globe wilh
out contact on any aide. -
Ct'Rttit'O Historical Tact. An old gentle
man named Frazer is etill living ;n Pennsylva
nia, whu was st Bradduck's defeat in 17.W, 111
tlie corps under Waahiogttm'a commntid. He
is probably the Inst survivor of that bloody duy,
anil ia over 100 years of age. This vtlurtiii
gives a new version of part of the transactions
of the day." He ssys he had two brothers with
him in tho battle, who were benh officers; that
Braddocki during the hottest of the contest,
probably ih an infuriated sta'.e of mind, ordered
one ot them to Charge with his men upon a cer
tain dangerous point of the invisible enciny'0
linei which he refused ; that BradJock, thcro
upoti, run him through with his sword ; and that
the other Frazer then levelled a musket at
flrsddock, as he sat on his horse, aad shot him
dead on the spot. Whether the old gentlcaian
hss hcen formerly in the babit of telling thia
story, doe nut sppear probably not. Wa
have, heard of no reason, however, for dipulm
hia veracity, or the accuracy ot his recollection.
It bat been supposed the hostile Indiana fought
from behind trees but Frazer eaya they occiw
pied the natural gullies or Asenres of the hill
which the American troop were ascending
and were thus enabled to continoe the bull la
with almost perfect imponity.
A Ohoi 08 tvo o Hoxtv, well tubbed mi
the hand while wet, aftor washing with soap,
prevents chopping, and removes tha rooghne
of the skin ; it 2a particularly pleasant for rbil
dvan'a hands and facea in eold Weather.
OAt ReAf!, aay a country paper, wbich in,
ducee ua to eupport the ten hour bill ia, that tho
factory girla will then htve time to garter their
stockings in the morning, instead of having so
frequently lodraw them op in tbe public streets,
, . . -- 1
A Linxs Boy jnet beginning to read Con--greaaiooal
news, asked hia father if the tnen.Sera
Lof Congreaa were all deaf and dumb Ha tlioi'
they were, beciuie tcj made '
I . d many mot 101 1.