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TI is j-tr THE "AMERICA."
. IT. .1MSSEH, Editor.
orrica m .mahkkt sratsT, nun Dtta.
THE" AMERICAN" it published every Satur
day at TWO DOLLARS per annum to be
paid half yearly in advance. No paper discontin
ued till ill arrearage are paid.
No subscriptions received fur leia period thin
jt mouths. All communiratione or leticra on
businee relating to the ollke, to insure attention,
must be POST PAID.
From Ihe Token for 1813.
Monn on, thou melancholy sea,
Thy hollow heaving aurge
Rolls to my ear eternally
A requiem and a dirce.
Moan on ihou oet and melancholy sen,
1'ype of tnan'a sou I, that ever moans with ttire.
Moan for the brave hearts thou hast taken,
The sad ones thou host left,
The aolitudee of homes forsaken,
By thee of joy bereft
The thousand loved and cherished ones that sleep.
In the blue chambeia of the heaving deep.
Thine ear hath heard the wave-hung bell,
'Mid thy tumultuous roar,
Sounding the atorm-rocked vessel's knell,
Thy foaming billows bore,
The drowning sailor'a hollow bubbling cry,
The plungn, the last wild shriek of agony.
Battle and atorm havcoVr thee past,
The thunder-voice of heaven,
The red ball from the cannon cas.t,
And death-blows madly given,
All these have fretted thy broad breast, anil gone;
1'huu lingereat moaning, dreary, and alone
The solid earth hath chanced its guise,
But tliou, thou welteiing main.
Fixed looking at the hollow skies,
Unaltered dost remain
.'hangele.s, 'mid all that changes here below,
iere is enough for bitterness and woe.
Soft blows the pteamnt rummer gale,
The sunshine says, Rejoice;
Yet still I hear the solemn wuil
Of thy remorm-tes voice,
i'ruggling uneasy, witti impetuous shocks
hy foaming breast thou hurlcsl on the rucks.
Haiti not the soul a voire as si J,
The surge of memory,
That tells of blasted hopes we had,
Lust in time's heaving sea
'he early hopes, that periahed in our youth,
)ur innocent delights, our inward truth 1
Passion's wild storm hath o'er us past,
The be I of conscience pealed in vain ;
Joys fihipwrecked in the driving bla-t,
Sunk no', r to rut again ;
'ot the brave soul 'mid all its agonies,
oukclh forever at the steadfast fcktes.
Btill tiunding on with stern unrest
And inarticulate groan,
A swollen heart that beats the breast,
Thou best there alone,
ike to the soul in thine immensity :
h ! that it were unscathed, uncarred, like thee !
From Gruhnm't Gentlemen' Magazine.
A Story of the Valley of Wyoming.
BT ruins H. SF.LTU.V.
" Do you see that landscape V'said the old man
me, as we paused on the edge of the mountain
od, and looked down into the valley of Wyo
ng beneath us. "Well, that spot, calm and beau
ul as it now I, was once the tcene of maisacre.
ad hi lp me ! the ugoiii. a of that day almo-t wrin
? heart to think of them, even after the lap- of
"I have heard it was a fearful tima, and you
ve oflon promised to tell me the talc of your own
nnezion with it. Yet, if the subject be so pain
to jou, I dare scarcely make the request. "
'No, boy, no," said the old man, sadly, "I will
I it, for the promise is of long standing, and I
I to d y as if I cou'd narrate that tragedy with
a emotion than usual. Sit down on this rock,
d give mo moment to test : I will then coin
nee my story."
While the old man wiped the preepiration from
brow, and sst fanning himself with his broad
ined summer hat, I look the place pointed out
him near his aide, and spent (he momenta that
:wj before he began his narration in gating at
landscape before me.
jilting on Luge rock, at the edge of the
untain, just where the hill began to slope down
he valley, we command) d a view of one of the
it unrivalled landscapes in the world. To our
ro-e up the mountain, bold, rugged and barren,
the back of some vast luonvtvi reared against
sky but on the right nothing interposed to
roy the view, whose loveliness so far eiceeded
i my eipectations, that for some minutes I
'd on the scene in mute admiration. Beneath
stretched the valley, diversified wi'h miy eio-
elections, and sprinkled with fields ot wa
j golden grain ; while here anJ there a patch
'edland, with ittdaik green hue, lay slumber
on the landscape the surface of the for. at
r and anon varying to a lighter tint as the wind
pt over the trcetopn. Right through the cen
of the valley meandered ti e river, now rolling
vut bluff banks, and now sir sling gently a
ig the rich meadow lands in the distance, until
ength it turned to ilia left, and, skirting the
of the far offhilU, was lot behind the profile
' he mountain before us. In the centre of the
t waa the village with its white houses and airy
rch steeple, smiling over tha srene. F sr away
he horizon stretched line of hill, their dark
.summits, half hid by the clouds, which wiapprd
I aa in veil of gaute. No sound came up
. lha valley. Occasionally the tilter of a
would ha beard from tha surrounding trret
la the low tinkle of a tiny wierfs on, or left
AND SHAMOKIN JOURNAL.
Absolute aegmescrnca In tha decision, of the
llj Master &. Elscly
kept monotonously sounding in our ears. The
morning rsya of a summer's sun poured down upon
the landscape, and every thing around w as bright,
and gay, and beautiful. I was still lost in admira
tion at the lovclineas of the eccne, when the old man
signified hia readiness to commence his tale.
It is now fifty year ago," lie began, "aince I
came to this valley a young froniiermnn, with a
hardy constitution, a love of adventure, and the
repalation of being the best shot on the border ; the
place was, at that timo settled principally by
families from Connecticut, and even then bote tra
ces of its present luxuriant cultivation. Many of
the families were in good circumstance.., othera had
seen better dsya and altogether the society was
more refined than was usual on the frontier. A
mong all the families, however in the valley, none
pleased me so much ns that of Mr. Beverly snd,
of his fireside circle, hia second daughter, Kate, was,
in my opinion, the gem. How shall I describe her
beauty! Lovely, without being beautiful, wiiha
sylph-like form, a laugh asjnyous aa the carol of a
biid, a step lighter than that of a young fawn in
sportive play, and a disposition so amiable as to
win, irresiatably, the love of all who met her, Kte
Beverly was scarcely seventeen before she had a
host of admirers, and might have won any youth
in the valley. Why it was that she preferred mo
over all the rest, I cannot say ; perhaps it w.is the
consciousness of somo mysterious sympathy link
ing us together, or perhaps it was that we both
came from the same town in Connecticut, and hsd
been school-mntea in childhood sa it was, how
ever. It soon begin to be known throughout the
valley that before another eiason should elapse,
Kate Beverly would become my wife.
'Oh ! how happy were those days too happy
indeed, to last. I will not dwell upon them, for
thiyfillrny soul with 'agony. Suffice it to any,
that whilo dreaming of bliss such as mortal never
before experienced, the war of the revolution broke
out and, after a hard Mrupgle between my passion
and my duty, the latter conquered, and I joined
the army. Kate did not attempt to dissuade me
from the act she rather loved me the more for it.
Though her womm nature caused her to t-hrd tcirs
at my departure, her reanon told her I wsa right,
and she bid me God rpeed.
"Heaven Mens you, Henry," she said, "and
bring this unnatural war to a conclusion. I can.
l.ot bid you stay, but I pray that the tiecossity for
jour aim nee nny foon cease."
"Tunc rolled by the American c use was still
doubtful, and ll.e war bid fair to be protracted into
years, I bad ri-en to I a Captain in the re
giment, when I received information, that the lories
and Indians intended making a descent oil the Val
ley of tho Wyoming. I knew the unprotected
fitostion of my adopted district, and I trembled fr
the lives of those I held most dear, At firt I
discredited the rumor dunce, however, threw in
my V) ay sn opportunity of ascertaining the reality
of the reported descent, and I became convinced
that not a moment was to be lo.t if I would save
the lives of tlio-e I loved at homo. My determi
nation waa at once tnken I solicited for leave of
absence it was refused : I then n signed my com
mission, and set forth to Wxomtng.
' I never shall forget my emotions when I drew
near that ill-fated place ; it was on the veiy day ol
the masiarrc and the first initmalion I had of the
calamity was the mangled body of one of the in
habitants, whom I had known, floating down the
stream. A cold shiver ran through every vein as I
gazed on the terrible sight, and a thousand fear
agitated my bosom ; but my worst surmises full
far short of the truth. When, hours after, I met
nine of the fogitites, and they reheatsed tome
that tale of horror, I atood for a moment ihtiudei
struck, refusing to believe that br ings in human
form could prrpelrate such deeds but it was al! too
"Almost my first inquiry waa for Kiti. No one
knew, alas ! what bad become nl her. One of
those who had escaped the fight, told me that her
father had It-en killed at the beginning of tno
conflict and that, deprived of a prot-ctor, s'oe had
probably fallen a victim to the itiforia e savage.,
while the other inhabitants were severally engagrd
in protecting themselves. Howl curbed them for
this selfndiness ! And yet could I expect aught
else of human nature, th in that each one should
protect those da, ire. t to the in, even to tha desertion
B, i i . 1
nt my mind waa aoon made op, I reaolvr !
come what might, to ascertain clearly llie fata of
Kate so that if dead I might revenge her, and if
living, I might rescue her. Bidding farewell to
the flying gioup, I .houblered my nils and struck
boldly into the foirsl, trusting in Ihe guidance of
that God who never deserts us in our extremities.
"I will not tire you with pmt'arted narrative;
I will only aay thst, after numerous inquiries from
the fugitives I met, I learned that Kttte had been
laft seen in the hande of a party nf savages, this
waa sufficient for clue, I once mora began to
hope, I wailed until nightfall, when I sought (he
spot which had been described lo me as the one
where Kato hsd been last seen and, never shall I
forget my feelings of almost rap'uroua lea.ur.-,
when I found in the neighboiing fonst a freemen
of her dresa sticking on a hush, by w ch it had.
doubllrss, been torn from htr
now satisfied thai bad been catri4 off cap
tiv0 r'.tuna'.cly I had mi I, In the group of fu-
' giti, a hunter who hsd twen undei soma oblige-
majority, ,h. vital principal of Republica. from which
Suttbury, -Vortl.un.berln.nl Co.
tiona to Iter family, and he was easily peisuaded to
join me in my search. Together we now began
a pursuit of the savages. He waa an adept in foia
warfare could follow trail as a hound the chsse
knew the course which would be most lilnly to
be chosen by a flying party of Indiana, and withal,
wa one of the keenest shuts who had carried a rifle
on the border.
"It's my opinion," said he, "that these vermint
did not belong to the regular body of Indians who
followed Duller, though even they weiebad enough.
I think however, he wouldn't aulTer deed like
this. These villains aeem lo have acted on their
own behalf and, if ao, they would fly to the hack
country as aoon aa po.sible. You may depend
upin it we shall overtake them if wa pursue th-il
"I fell the truth of these remarks, and assented
to them at once. In lea than a quarier of an hour
after first discovering the trsil, wsj were treading
the forest in pursuit of the savages.
"Let me hasten to the close. Hour after hour,
all through livelong day, we pursued tho flying Iu
diins crossing swamps, clambering ovrr rocks,
fording etrenms, and picking our way through lab.
yrinthine woods, until, towards night-fall, we reach
ed the edge of an open apace or, aa it were, a
meadow, iliut in by gently aloping hills.
"Hist," said my companion, "we are upon them.
Do you not see that thin thread of tmoko curling
upward over the top of yon !er aged hemlock 1"
"Ay it mu-t be them let us on."
"Sjfily, or we looeir. We know not, certainly,
that this is the party wc seek , let us recono'tre."
"Slowly and aiealtlnly, trernbl.ng lest even a
twig should crack under our fret, we crept up to
wards the dge of the meadow and creeping cau
tiously through the underwood, beheld the object
of our tesrch in six tall awarthy savages, a itmg
smoking around the remains of a fire. At a little
di.tance knelt, with her hands bound, but her eyes
upraised to heaven, my own Kate. O 1 how my
he irt leaped at the sight. I raised my rilli) convul
sively, and was about to fire, when my companion
caught my hand, and said :
Softly or you spoil all. Let us get the var
mint, in range, and then we shall fire with some
effect. Hist I"
"This l ist exclamation was occs.ioned by the
sudden rising of one of the savages. He gated a
moment cautiously around, and then advanced to
ward the, thicket where we lay concealed. I diew
my breath in, and trembled at the beating nf my
own bent. Tho savage still approached. My
companion laid his hand on my nr n, and pointed
from my rifle to one nf ihe Indians I understood
him. At this juncture the advancing sn.itfe, warn
ed of our piesi nceby the crat khng of an unlucky
twig beneath my companion's fojt, sprang bitk,
with a loud yell, towards the fne.
"Now," ssid my companion, sternly.
"Quick as ligh'nlng I raised my piece nml fired.
My companion A d the same. The retroMing sav.
age and one of hia companions fell dead on the
ground, each of us then sprang lo a tree, loading as
we ran. It was well wa did it, for in an instant
the enemy was on u. Hliall I descrilse that dread
ful light! My emotion forbids it. A few minutes
dcci -led it. Fightmg from tree to tree dodging,
h ading, and endcavering to get eight nf the foe,
we kept up the conflict for nearly five minute. at
the end of which time I found myself wounded,
while four out of Ihe six savag. sl iy prostrate on Ihe
ground. The oilier two, finding cnmpinion dead,
and de-pairing of being able to cany nfl their priso
ner, suddenly rushed on her, and before we could
intcrpo-e, had seized their helpless victim. I had
only been prevented, hitherto, from icscuing Kate
by the knowledge that an attempt of the km I, while
the savages were still numerically super. or to us,
would end in the certain ruin of us both. but now,
worlds could not have re-lraiued me, and, clubbing
my rfle, fir the peice was unloaled, I dashed out
from my covert, shouting t my conipinion
"On on, in Oo.l's namo, on,"
"Take care of the tiller varmint," tliU''. jYrcd m
"The warning was too laP. In Vne tumult of
my feelings I had not i taerv.d ,nat the savaga fur
th st from ma had hia peice loaded, und before I
could avail myself . comp.nion'e caolei obscr.
valion, I icrriv-J lUe ball iu my liyhl arm, and uiy
rifle dr ,j eJ powerless by my aide t had I not
tp.ring involuntarily aside at my companion's cry,
1 should have lecn hot throng i the heart,
On on," I groaned in agony, as I seized my
tomahawk in my 'most useless lift h ind.
"Stoop," said my companion, atonp lower; and
as I did .o h i lido cracked on tha still air, and the
Indian fell dead.
"Ail this had not occupied an instant. I was
n iw within a few feet of her I loved, who snuggling
in the gra.p of tha other Indian. He bid already
entwined bis hands in her long h itr his torn ihawk
wss already gleaming is) tha silling eun. Nev.r
shall I forget the look of domoniac fury with which
tha wretch glared on his victim. A second only
was b fi for hope. My companion was far bi hi, id,
with his i. flu unloaded. I mala a asperate spring
furwjiJ SIIj tiurl.d my tomahawk at ihe aav.ige'a
head. God of my fathers! the weapon whisted
liann'e aly by the wrotch, and buriid itself, quiver
ing in the trunk of neighboring lre. I groaned
aloud in agony here was a yell of triumph in the
air a sudden flashing in tha son, like glancing
knife, hndbut I ran not go on. W.s I loved as
th.relVno aPP, .1 but to force, the vital p,in l,le
Pa. Saturday, October 3, lSiL
mv own life ; she who wis the purest and loveliest
of her sex aha with whom I h id promised myself
a long life of happiness oh I must I say I', the lay
a mangled corpse at my feet! But her murderer,
aya ! he waa ch.ven to the breast by n blow from
hia own tomahawk, which I bad wrenched from him
with the strength of a dot en men."
The old man ceased, b g tears rolled down his
furrowed fsce, and his frsmo shook with emotion.
I saw tha remembrance of the pa.t was too much
for himnnd I sat by his side in silence.
I subsequently heard his sad tnle from others, and
then learned Ihe m inner in which Kale had been
Carried off. Tho old man's coinp iniou was rijhl
she had been made a prisoner by a predatory band
of Indians, who hid follow I Butler, and duseiled
him directly afier the mnssacm.
Beautiful st Ihe Valley of Wyoming Is, I never
hive seen it, from that day to this, without think
ingofthesad fate of Kara Bnvtntr.
'I Can' I Sparc Time"
The four wordj with which we head
this article, in the cllocts which thev
have produced, have been t tic cause of
a great deal of mischief and have kept
many from vmbarkiti.i; manfully in ihe
work of storing up intellectual mea
sures. When a young man is urged to
commence at once the work of study ;
he turns and lets fall ihe four simple
words "I can't spare lime," and thinks
he has given a sufficient excuse, from
further attention on the subject.
There are mmy mechanics, too,
who instead of doing their part towards
the cultivation of their own minds, and
throwing their influence and talent in
to the general stock for the improve
ment of an association, satisfy them
selves with the observation, and per
haps really think "they can't spare
time." The excuse is a very handy
one, and has passed current too ln.r,
for in a majority of cases there is nei
ther sense nor tiuth in it. In the first
place it need not occupy a great portion
of time, for by proper management, a
larger share of invaluable information
mav be obtained in a short time; of
this any man may be convinced by try
ing the experiment.
There is time enough lost and was
ted in the pursuit of what men call plea
sure, which if properly appropriated,
would place them in a high state of cul
tivation. Time can be found to rde
and dance, and sin": time can be found
to lounge anil tall; nonsense, hut alas !
how many think "they can't spare
time," to attend to the noblest and best
part of their nature ; tiiat which alone
elevates and causes them to feel the di
vinity within." isxchange.
Eiidicott Vvnv Tree.
Tiiis venerable and unfailing tree has
again given forth its annual product.
There does not appear toJaunui;h di
minution, of la to years, in the quantity
or deterioration in the quality of its
fruit. Ity an unbroken tradition in the
family, it is now 'Jll years since it was
planted by the hands of Governor En
dicott I Its appearanco confirms this
tradition, which, upon the whole, rcjis
upon as strong grounds of evidence, as
the nature of the case auioi izos us to
re-juirc. Salem Register.
VfvA luiiiu Co:l.
The coal raised from the mine rlis
covere.i aboul a year ago, nbout six
miles from Havana, has been tried by
the Spanish steam frigates, and pro
nounced by the engineers to be excel
lent in quality superior to the host
English. Analysis shows the coal to
consist of the following parts :
Carbon . . 71,71
Oxygen . . 0,.'I2
Hydrogen . . . M 1
Tho railroad from the port to tho
mine is in rapid progress toward com
pletion. As the bed is believed to be
very extensive, the enterprising propri
etors anticipate handsome profits on
Iheir outlay whenever tho West India
steamers shall regularly call at Havana
for a supply of fuel.
A New I'aiitv QfF.sTtojr. The dec
tion in the town of Lynn, Mass., is ex.
pected to turn upon tho following point,
viz: Whether black people shall ride in
the same compartment of the Hoston
an I Salem rail road cars w ith whito
Here a question is certainly opened
for an obstructionist, viz: Who are to
be cons'ulertid black people T We await
the result in silence. Phil. G.
and Immedir. parent of de.p.tism.-J.rraaao,.
Vol. llXii. IT.
From the iVeu; Genustt Farmtr.
Hints Tar tho Month.
The past month have been devoted
chiefly to the production, the present
must be to the preservation of crops
Corn should be sutfercd to stand in
the shock, until it has become fully ri
pened by nourishment from the stock ;
but not later, as husking with cold fin
gcrs is unpleasant. Let it be placed
where it will be well exposed to the air ;
as the qualjiy of corn, both for domestic
consumption and for feeding animals,
is greatly injured by moldiness, even of
the cob only, though it may appear per
fectly sound. For the same reason,
care should be taken that shocks of corn
standing on low ground, nre not inju
red by wet weather.
Potatoes after, dicing, should be ex
posed to the sun. They lose their fine
quality, and acquire more or less bit
terness, when kept in cellars exposed
to the liiltt merely. Those for imme
diate domestic use, should be kept in
barrels and the rest cither in large
bins lined and covered with turf, or
mixed with earth in barrels or hogs
heads, or else buried in heaps in the o
pen air. But ventilation is necessary.
A hole should be made with a stick or
crowbar in the upper part of every po- j with the circumstances, this phenomc
tatoe heap, and continued open until ; non, followed as it usually is by the as
ihc severest weather sets in; for want j cent of a volume of smoke, win, Id bo
of this, thousands of bushels are lost very likely to picduce a consiilcroblo
vcarlv, and ll e loss attributed to frost ; degree of astonishment, if not of ton-
Apples, nnd nil root crops, need Ihe
same care, but turnip more especially,
which will inevitably be ruined unless
the heated air from the heap can pass
Manuel wurtzel and sugar beets
should be completely secured at the end
of the month, nnd rutabagas not much
later, if the dang-ir of loss by freezing
is to be avoided.
Winter apples should be gathered
before the arrival of severe frost, till
nenr the end of the mouthy they should
be carefully pit. ked by hand by means
of convenient ladders, and should not
be suffered to become in the least de
gree bruised until they arc well packed.
As an easy, cheap, neat and excellent
mode, we recommend packing with
chafTand lime barrels, adopted by W.
F. Shotwell, and described in our last
Now i the season for planting trees,
remember, now is as easy as next year,
or the next, and they will be growing
nil tin: w hile, put nfl" other work but not
this. Shade trees give almost the
w hole expression to a country or town.
If the work is done in autumn, nnd well
done, the earth will become proper! v
settled about the roots, and thev will
have nothing: to do in the spring, but to
crow; but if removed then, greater or
less check must inevitably be given to
To hsva ground early in rood or.l.-r for
crot next spring, plough ymir er ru ,d this fill, ami
lot it be etp ise.l to the action of the frost through
Prepare cit'le yards for the manufacture, of nn
nure on a latg sdle t prvticiMe proud-1 plen'y
ofslia.v for h iter reinem'rer, pie .ty a id that is
a gr at de.il ; and if possible, cart on your m mure
yards a large rpiauliiy of swamp mm k ; nr if lhat
cannot be ha I. simple eart'i, to m I with lite other
manure. The lalior will be Wi ll repiid.
I.c avca worth's Canal Steam Tuj
Rcr. During the past week (says the Alba
ny Jour.) "Leavenworth Canal Steam
Tuger" Ins been in operation upon
the Erie ('anal in this vicinity, using
neitlur paddle, screw ot auhmcrgeil wa
ter wheels, hut is propelled by means of
a rotary anchor. The machinery is
put into a Lake R.iat of the laigest cfass,
th(3 engine, &lc. occupying the forward
cabin only. When propelled at the
speed of seven miles an hour, although
so lariro a boat, and drawing two feet.
six inches of water, she causes no surge
to iniurc the banks of the canal.
She has taken two heavy loaded boats
than nne hiin.l i-H ton frni rht
over five miles an hour, and With fwo
thirds of iter power took three scows
n..,l t-. i' , ...;ih t... imr.-1-..ri
t tiu tanu iiiniti 1 1 i wv iiuiimi kfi
find fifty tons freight, four miles an hour, j
and is capable ( taking eihl boats
with four hundred tons freight four miles
in nn hour, upon the enlarged canal, ; in JJoston basset upa one horse thrash
w ithout extra exertion. Rv this me- ! in-j machine for the convenience of r-a-
thod a train of boats may bo towed for
less man nan me expenses ot tow ing
with horses. She passes the lucks with
out the least dilliculty, and has no con
ncction wicb rh to tv path.
Piticns OF AHTKKTISIXC..
I square I insertion, . . fO 60
I do do - a . .) 7.
I do 3 dj . 1 (io
Rvry subsequent interli, n, . - 0 t!
Yearly Advertisements, (with the, tffivilrge ol
alteration) on column $1i t half column, $18,
three squares, $ 1 2 two squares, fO ; one squire,
$5. Without the privilege of alteration a liberal
discount will he mado.
Advertisements left without directions aa to the
length of time thev are to lie puh.i.licd, will !
continued until ordered out, and charged accord
Cj'fr'ixtejen lines make a qnar.
Tho Salem Tunnel.
There is seldem on any of the many
excellent railroads with which this
country is favored, n more interesting
section than that which passes through,
or under the city of Salem in Massa
chusetts. This Tunnel extends about
150 yards, passing under, and parallel
to the centre of Court street, w hich is
one of the broadest and handsomest
streets in the city. The tunnel is ven
filiated nnd lighted by three conical a
pertures which appear in tha. middle
of the street, and six or eight rodsapart
each of which is surrounded by an
elegant inn fence, of which four of the
posts extend about ten feet high, and
bonding inward, unite in the support of
a large street lantern. These conical
fabrics of ornamental iron work, serve
as ornaments to the street, while they
prniect these vertical windows of tho
Railroad. A tr.ivcllcr whose motive is
curiosity, will seldom behold a moro
interesting sight than that of the subter
ranean passage of a train of long splen
did cars, as seen by him while standing
in the middle of n puptil.ir street, lean
ing on the railings and looking down
into one of these well finished shafts, as
one looks into a common well. In a
strancrer, who should not be nccuuititcd
sternation. N. Y. Mechanic.
The entire Russian rrnpiic is nearly
twice and a half times us large as nil
Europe iis population is about one
fourth of that of Europe, though its A
siatic possessions contribute about one
sixth of its whole population. Of tho
whole extent of over two billions of a
cres, less than one sixth of the soil is
under improvement. The mines arc a
great source of wealth, the annual pro
duce being estimated irt 1S35 to be
millions of dollars.
In manufactures Russia has rapidly
advanced sin e their first establishment
by Peter the Great. From the returns
of it is found that of linen nine mil
lions of yards are annually produced
of woolen cloths, of nil kinds, about
UOO.000 yards; of cotton -10,000,000
yards ; of tilk lo the value of :i,0f,0,n00
of Prussian dollars; of leather thrcrf
and a half millions of the same coin; of
potash, 2,(Kin,iiU0 pounds; of soap, f0,
000,000 pounds; and of tallow 10.600,
000 of pounds are nnrjuallv used bv the
candle manufactories. Thirty-nine" mil
lions of pounds of sugar arc annually
rofmetl, a;if the various distilleries iir
the empire employ over seven hundred
In J sr? l, the total value of Russian
exports was 50,1 33,75s, nnd of im
ports S.!3,052YS. In 1S32, 5720 ves
sels entered, and 5721 vessels left tli0
Russian ports. England diaws ofl'ono
half, and the United States one twelftii
of the export.!. The amount realized
by the government from duties on
both exports and imports, is about 25
per cent, of the w hole value, or in 1S3-I
nhout fourteen millions of dollars. Of
the articles of import, sugar forms one
sixth of the whole importation; coflcc?
one thirty-sixth; cotton one sixth ; co
loring stiifls one tenth ; silk goods one
twentieth; woolen one thirtieth ; wino
one twentieth; lea one fortieth; and
tol aeon one hundredth. Of exports,
flax and hemp make ore third of tho
whole; tallow one sixth ; corn nnd meal
about one six1-f-irist!cs. hides and lea
ther one tWiiiicth. Hunt's Mer
The Sea Serikvt Cattcred.-
The lioston Post c f Saturday, tells a sto
ry of the capture on Hampton Reach,
of a sea monster iiO feet long, and 8 feet
0 indies in girth. It is intended to bo
stuffed and placed by the side of tho
'Nickerson Snake." A curious pair of
spectacles they will make.
Caustic. An able judge was onco
obliged to deliver the follow ing charge
i xh.e. iY- ''G
i ,n t'"s pa"C lllO i
Ijentlemen of the jury :
counsel on bow nicies
i arf unintelligible; the witnesses on both
B.,e '"rea.me 5 una the piaintm
nd defendant are both such bad eliar.
j .i i
nctcrs that to me it is immaterial which
way you give your verdict."
The Rancor Whiff says : "A Yankee!
i rents and guardian having unruly buvs.
j 0' iick an urchin like thunder tor lour
pence. Small lickings done for two
cents only, an I the most entire satisfac-
' lion war ran tod."