Sunbury American and Shamokin journal. (Sunbury, Northumberland Co., Pa.) 1840-1848, October 02, 1841, Image 1

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A imrTTDTrr a it
iMtiti or aikutisiv;
I square 1 insertion, . . ft) f.4
I do S do . .o 7,r,
1 do 3 ih . . o()
Every subsequent insprlii n, 0 2.1
Yearly Advertisements, (witli the privilege ol
alteration) utin column $ S3 half column,
three (quart , f 1 2 1 two square, f B ; one squsie,
f.. Without the privilege of alteration a libeiol
di.-coont will bo made.
Advertisements left without direction aa to thd
length of lititrj they are to he published, will be
continued until ordered out, and chatted accord
CjflxtPen liriPJ matte t aqtiare.
It. .n.1SSKIly Editor.
orrici i m ah k st ithiit, mm Etn.
THE AMERICAN" in published every Patur
day at TWO DOLLARS per annum to he
paid half yearly in advance. No paper discontin
ued till all arrearages are paid.
No subscription received for a 1pm period linn
aix months All communications or letter on
business relating to the olfice, to insure attention,
must be POST PAID. ,
Absolute acquiescence in tho decisions of the majoii'y, the vital principlo of Republics, from which there 1 no appeal hut to force, the vital piimipla and immediate parent of desp itism. Jmnw,
Ily Massvr & i:iscly.
Siiiibury, XoilIiunihoilaiHl Co. la. .Suturdar, October 2, IS 1 1.
Vol. II . I.
ti:iuis op Tiin AJii:iucAt.
HENRY n. MASSEUR PtJinTisHiin.1 and
JOSEPH EISELY. $ Phomhetob..
The editors of the Sentinel and Whig at Easton,
have lecn at loggerheads for some lime. They are
now cracking away at each other in rhyme. We
shall therefore look out fur a second edition of the
buttle of the poets. En. Amkii.
Vc will not own him of the craft,
The reason why, he id too tuft.
L union Stiilinil.
You're safe from that, you lousy bard,
A blockhead's skull in alwa) a hard.
Liatton Whig.
Indeed ! Why Aleck, that' not slow :
For then wo have the trutti confess'd,
That man may be ax soft bh dough,
And ytt of murble HEAD potscss'd.
You're ofT the mark in thai, as fur,
will, august, cirsar porter.
As when you to the l.ocos said,
"Diiuk Urandy, (.tin, und Porter."
Your nrgiimeuts, unlike your,
Kit loosely to the body,
And iiove most inconte.tihly,
Your HEAD is one of run nr.
In relation to the TODDY,
Atrrhf (not to '-coal" and "body,")
We'rj fully ready to admit
How greil your knowledge, is of it ;
As hard slulli loo, muy not compose
Your ugly head, as we suppose,
Knoii uli of "(Jin," you've doubtless rpjafT'd,
To bloat it up, und nuke il tuft.
li 11 x k 11 A L CASS.
The following is an extract of a letter from Gen.
ass, dated at Paris, in teply to a committee sp
linted by a democratic meeting at Philadelphia,
questing him to become a candidate for the next
residency. In our opinion there is no man in the
n it'll who would confer greater honor on that
.lion than Lewis Cass, as there certainly is none
ho stands higher in the estimation of his fellow
tizetjs for his virtues and abilities. Ed. Amkii.
PARIS, 19th Arcirr, 1841.
I do not belong to that school of politicians
lich sees in every departure from their own
inions, the immediate downfall of our institutions,
d a f.itul issue to the fairest experiment of self
vcrnment, which Providence has permuted man
make. I believe the foundations of our liberty
too broadly and deeply laid, to be shaken by
Il causes. I have great confidence in public
ninii, and while this is enlightened by free nlitl
mi discussion, and un unshackled press, and ccr
ed by a religious and intelligent community, I
re little apprehension, but that our questions of
ernal policy will bo adjusted by the good acnat?
the nation, without leaving behind (hem any
manent injury to our social or political ins'itu
is. I am free to confess, that my fears for the
ire point to a far di He rent source of danger. I
- that ne do not sufficiently estimate tho value !
he blessings wp enjoy, but that we arc loo prone
niagn fy into serious evils subjects of eo in para
'ly minor importance, arid too little disposed to
.now ledge the kindness of Providence by a due
rcciution ot the precious UuH confided to us.
. us humbly bo e that this kind of judicial hlind
s may not be visited by one of those signal chas
mcnts, by which, in the progicr-a of human
its, the moral government of God is vindicated,
the ingratitude of nations is punished,
have been the more inipiessed with the force of
e views, since I have seen the state of society in
ope, and have discovered the liatuic of the iuU
by which il is agitated. These ate not j nes
ts of colistiuclion telating to the existence or lie
cut of a power to nmke a road or to order a sur
, but questions i f life and death, fciliupgles of
igulust principles; f modern reform against
cnluhusis. They are even now shaking so
y to its centre, snd they tire destined to mark
r progress in blood, and probably to terminate
contests in revolutions. Their origin may be
;d to immense military establishments : to a
terous und searching police, entering into all
relations of life; to opprsie taxation; to a
em of hgisLtive and administrative r.gulalions,
.ruling individual enterprise, anil letiving us little
lay be lo individual will ; to the hereditary
er and influence of particular classes ; to the
ualily of political rights and social condition ;
above all, and beyond all to the phy ical misery
moral degiadution fa large portion of the
muliity. Happy are we, that these evils are
town in our country, and well would it be lor
fa portion of the energy we display in our po
ll dispute were employed in thanks to God for
have long been inclined, lny fellow-ciliiens,
titeitain those sentiments, but lerently they
sealed into firm convictions. In thU frame of
I, you will nol be surprised to learn, that I am
riend lo political violence or intolerance. The
t of my oIm rvatiuu upon the creed and cou
of the two great parties which divide us, is,
VV heir dnfejence is to be traced more lo a differ,
of opinion, respecting the greater or Itm ca
pacity of man for self-government, than to any
other cause. This is the great point of departure,
and since the adoption of the Constitution il will be
found, that the peculiar views of each party upon
this subject, have led to the peculiar opinions they
have rcHtiectively formed of the powers and duties
of the government. The democratic party having
more confidence than their opponents in tho virtue
and intelligence of the great mass of our society;
have in doubtful questions of construction, believed
that power was safer with the people limn wiih
their agents, and have therefore inclined rather to
limit than extend delegated authority. Their oppo
nents, on the contrary, placing less reliance upon
these safe-guards, have thought a stronger, or
to speak perhaps more correctly, more government
was necessary, to defend socbty from tho evils in
herent in it, and have ihereforo adopted a prcnter
latitude of construction. But both, 1 speak of in im
est, not of individuals, both have been opially sin
cere, nnd have equilly sought the happiness of the
country. I do not believe that cither seeks any
changes in cur fundamental institutions, and least
of all, a change which would fcubslituto for them
monarchical establishment.
I beg you would not believe that I indulge the
Utopian expectation, that parties can cease to exist
in our free government. He has observed life to
little purpose, who entertains such a hope. It is a
result probably not to bo desired, certainly not to
be anticipated. But tho asperity of political dis
putes may be softened by a just rpiiit of concilia
tion, and c may thereby become stronger and
more respected abroad without any sacrifice of true
principles ot home. Whoever recollects the e
vents which preceded and accompanied our last war
with Great Britain, or whoever seeks them in the
history of the times, must be satisfied that with
fewer internal divisions, the sufferings of the Coun
try would have been far less, and its efforts to obtain
justice, fur more efficient. I truRt therefore that the
great Democratic party, while it adheres with un
shaken firmness to its principles, will pursue its
course with a wise moderation. W hatever others
may do, I hope we shall never mistake violence for
firmness, and for political principle the denuncia
tion of our opponents. We can have no safer
guide upon these subjects than the example of Mr.
Jefferson, who with an admirable mixture of firm
ness and moderation, ohho' coming into the ad
ministration in the most excited slate of feeling,
that our country has pel haps ever experienced, left
it with the Republican party greatly augmented,
and the principles it had contended for, firmly es
tablished. His doctrine of appointments and re
movals, that source of so much division, selecting
his fiiends for the foimcr but exercising his power
of the latter, upon lheju-l and moderate principles
he laid down, while it proved his fidelity to his par
ty, proved also his justice und wi.-Joui as a Chief
These views will probably not bo acceptable lo
many zcaluiis paitians, and it is for this reason as
I entertain them, that I am bound lo disclose them ;
such a procciding will at all events furnish proof of
my sincerity. The selection of a candidate for the
Chief Magistrate ley the Republican party is a
question not less interesting than difficult. Many
considerations must be taken into view, and I have
looked at the subject as I think with great imparti
ality. My conviction is, that there is nothing in
my present position, nothing in my past career,
which should leud to my selection, for such a mark
of confidence. My repugnance to the measure is
great, almost invincible. And there is but one
state of things, a state of things as little' to he ex
acted as desired, which could induce mo to yieid
to the stcrifice, I should le culled upon to m ike,
und that is, the generally acknowledged opinion of
the Republican party, that the use of my name
might be necessary upon t his occasion and my
nomination, agreeably to the established usae of
the party ; by a general Convention. 1 it such an
ewiil tho' I should yield with reluctance, still I
should yield and al lo ugh my further residence
ubioad wi.l probably under any ciicumstanees l e but
short, yet were il otherwise, upon tho occuirence
of such an event, I should consider il my duty to
return without delay. Not to lake the slightest
p rl in the election, far be such a couise from me,
I ut because propriety would foibid me to hold an
office under these circ uni-tinces, and beciuse every
American, whom th confidence or any c inside r.tbli"
portion i'f his fcllow-citizcna might designate f r
that high station, ought to meet the trial be must
uudeigo in his own Country. Uut when I look I
the m my able and tried men, whom our parly in
clude in ita ranks, 1 consider such a lesull scarce
ly within the limits of po sihiiity. JVol doubting,
Guillen. en, but jour choice had better till upon
one of tin so lliuu upon me, and that it will ho fall,
and with the renewed expression of my gulilude
loyuuitelve and lo your constituents,
I am, with great regard,
your obedient servant
To Messrs. A. McCaraber, Jno. Laws, Win.
Curtis, John Wollieit, R. II. Dodson, John Apple,
Win. P. I Unison, Charles R. Cainlcr, Com
mil Ue.
Living ip to l'tuxt u i.k. The cap
tain of a biig from the State of Maine,
was a short time ago at St. Croix, and
w as there offered 10110 to bring home
u cargo of runf, but refused, preferring
to return in ballast.
Awful Murder of n Young YVomnii.
Yesterday forenoon a most fiendlike murder was
committed in tho Cambridge Alms House, (Cam
bridgeporl,) on the person of a young woman
named Sarah Stevenson, by a man named William
II. llritton. He plunged a huge carving knife in
between her rhrht foreshoulder and breast, clear ,
through her heart lungs, and out under her left j
llritton, as a pauper, became an inmate of the '
Alms House in September, 1810, being aged and !
somewhat infiim. lie possessed some literary ac
quirements, and was employed a a teacher to the
childien in the establishment. In June last, Miss
Stephenson, then laboring undei a painful disease
. . ....... . . . . . !
became an intimute of the house, and after she had
improved in health in some degtre, she undeitoolt
to learn to write under the instructions ofDnttoii
In couseipience ol the fiimhar iircreourse natural
ly arising thus, Brbloii conceived a violent passion
for her, and proposed to marry her.
She declined on account of his age and inability
to suppoit a family. He pressed his suit, and she
laid the subject bef ire Mr. Valentine, the excellent
superintendent, who at once advised her to avoid
Britton as much as she could, nnd told her, when,
ever he enteied her room, to leave it, and come in.
to his piivale apartment. She acted upon this ad.
vice for some week'. On Sflnday morning he en
. .I, .-. ii .i i i. . , ...
leieu ner room, aiu sue uieii leu ii. anu we u ii o .
. ' , i
one occupied by two other women. 1
,, ' . ,. , , i
lie diil not immediate y fol low her, and she be-
. ' . '
ganto rcao lo eomp.n.ous Iron, a .V lest,- ;
men. which Mr. Valentine had presented to her. (
While thus eng.aed Button entered J said to ;
the other two women, "is tins your room : be
fore they relumed nnv definite answer he diew the
carving unite iroin under Uisslnrl tiosom, advanced ;
... iiii. ii, ... DLii.1.11 in. iiiuiiu iiiv nuu
thing her on a bed. Une of the women caught
hold of him, but he turned upon her with tho up
lifted knife, like a tiger, and she quailed before him.
The other woman then grasped him round the bo
dy, but was driven off in the same manner as the
first one. The deceased in the meantime exclaimed
Don't kill me! Don't kill me!" He fust
made a violent pass at her throat, but she partly
IllA . I. I k A I ..!. I I..,. I ll.A I. ..It. n...l
stopped the knife with her nghl hand, in which it ,
cut uhoirible gash, four inches long, but only hire- !
ly scratched her throat, He then struck at her as
above stated, and drove the knife clear ihrougu the j
Uudj.-florfui Morning lost. j a Jaj prac,jcc for a p!, v siria 11 to tie-
. strov om; or moro of a family to prevent
It is stated in th New York Commercial Advcr ! disease from spreading, and after C lit -tiser,
that "Stephen Incidents of Trivel in Ceil- ting down those that were dead, I COIU
tral America," have len translated into the tier- menced On the balance with Ctjllill (llitn
man lai guage as well as the French. The Com- tit ios of salt and saltpetre combined, ap
mercial states, as a curious fact, illustrating the de- plying about a halt a pound Upon the
feetie hierarv iudamri.t John surface and in contaet w ith the trunk
Murray, tho Loudon publisher, uciu illy re- j of the t ree ; then sowed it brnadrnsl
fused to advance the duties and other eludes u ! over part of the orchard, at the rale of
the consignment ni thi wmk, sent out to him by j about two bushels per acre. The re
the Messrs. Harper, and that he would u i and di I j suit of this application to the surprise of
not take the- copies from the Custom House until i my friends, was the appearance of per-
Mr. Spinwall, the U S Consul General, had agreed i fect health, with IICVV and vigorous
to become responsible for the outlay. When ho j shoots, the trees full of fruit, which ma
fouud. however, that his copies were bought up j tined w iHi increased size and improved
faster than he could supply them, he wrote a very ! flavor. Towards the last of March,
handsome letter lo Mr. Stephen, complimenting ' "'d n-jam in May and September, ls:J7,
him on the great merit of the work, and its deser-
vcJ smcess.
Shoe IVtrs.
A paper recently established at Mere
dith, .. II., called iho Uelknap County
(Gazette, describes a manufactory of
Shoe l'egs in that place, as lollows : ! cd to ascertain the smallest quantity
Yc found it in full operation, and that should be used, and I would not ad
were gratified to see its wonderful sim-j ise less than one-eighth, though I
plieity, and astonishing rapidity with I should prefer one-fourth, or more. My
which wood is converted into pegs. trees this fall (1S.T7.) were free from
The logs of birch wood, from six to worms, all doing well, and 1 have found
twelve or fifteen inches in diameter, are no further use for the axe in the or
taken into the mill and cut oil" by a cir- chard. In the year 1S3S, I applied the
cular saw, for the length of the "peg for mixture to a part of my orchard in
which they are intended. The biocks March, the other part received the ap
thi'ti go through a planing process by plication in June and September ; upon
which they are made perfectly smooth that part done in March. I had an a-
they are then creased or marked oil" , buudance of fruit, w hile done in
for the si.e of tiie peg to orrespond j the (ith and Jlth months were compara
wirh its length the blocks then go I lively destitute of fruit, it having been
through the stilitlingoperation hv w hich
tiicy are convertoil into pegs ol any tie-
sira'blo size the pegs then undergo tho
drying process, in summer by sun, in
winter or wet weather by th use of a
furnace they nro then put into a re-
volving evlonder. where they are turn-
ed over and over for tho purpose of po-li-Jiing,
and linally come out into a box
like a miller's meal trough, from which
they are packed into sacks containing
from half a bushel to two or three bu
bhels each, and being marked and num
bered, are ready for market. These
pegs are a source of revenue to our
ommuiiitv. diawin ' a nrolit from our
forests, of which we had no conception
until we witnessed the operation. It is
not uncommon to see Messer's big
team loaded with pegj from the Mere
d ith Bridge manufactory. The price
of these pegs varies according to their
size iin.l iimililv- nverneirvr. nerhans. a
little more than tvo dollars to the bu-
From the AUntny Cultivator.
Tho Peach Important tvpoii-
Mkssrs. Gavlohd tSc Ti'ckkh. In the
spring of 18117, 1 wrote to Judge Unci,
asking liim to join tnc in experiments
On the Pcildl tree with saltpetre, and
proposed to give the result through the
meiliuin of the Cultivator to the public.
1 R:lv'0 n my reason for that retjucsl,
as f;,r iis '".V observation extended,
I had nhvavs observed that on soils
containing nitre and muriate of soda,
the peach tree lives luxuriantly to an
advanced age, while Upon soils
fli:itnlv mlininiinr. licUom attn
diately adjoining, seldom attains the
age ol seven years.
As instances in vindication of this oc
cur so frequently, I have been astonish
ed to see them passed over without no
tice, and now advert to some of them
to establish the truth of this position.
Peach trees growing in tho site where
once stood a dwelling, generally live to
an old age, the soil of which, by analy-
sis, will give a proportion of nitre. The
; same tiling occurs in many uisincis oi
i the west and south west; upon one
" ! farm the occupant has no dilliculty in
! having good peaches, while lus neigh
I r ' .. i. . i I ....
bor finds it a dillicult task to prolonu
.... , r. ., ..,,..,. i
the hie of tho tiees to a lew ycai s, ami
i, i.- , i r. .1, .,,.,
on well cultivated larms nrai Hie se.i-
, l;m, ,w.un i,irrme( t.v have
ujt y j Rowing llhS YCV.
II;Vj , tics0 a',J ol,c.r instances for
j my guidance, I commenced cxpori
j ments with salt and saltpetre, in the
vp;, r j S3(5 ,, n (ir(.lar,l sjx years
t.. .
old; clover was sowed upon it that
spring, and it remained in grass till last
fall, when it was ploughed and sown in
wheat, and clover this spring. The
trees in '.'It! were full of worms; some
; of the trees were dead, others apparent
ly dying, and but very lew put on 1 he
appearance of health ; such was Ms dis
tempered condition that some of my
f..:,,.,, ndvised me to cut down about
one.u,f (,f t,ose that yet showed life,
s .. ..:.. ,.. slir, ,vi,s'il0 nrnctitfCof
peacircrowcrs. I thought it would be
ajplieU UlO same ingretlifliis in (lliier-
Cllt proiortions, w itnoiii ouerving mmMi
diliercnce mtheellect; though 1 have
since thought that where 1 applied the
saltpetre alone, and where the largest
portion of the mixture was nitre, the
e fleet was best; but in consequence of
i price of saltpetre, I have endeavor
killed by a late irost. Jt occurred to
me wi;u i as imieuteu to me .ui, ivi .,
j for the abundance of fruit on the trees
i done in March, by its retarding vege
j tation, and from tin experiment made in
j '7, it appeared to bo the ease, though
i 1 have never considered it of sufficient
importance to repeat it for the purpose
of testing it further
In regard to the best time to make
this application, 1 would say about the
first of April, and to tho.e trees having
woms in them again in Juno or Septem
ber, as tho appearance of the worm may
indicate its necessity, using anout two
' thirds of the usual (tuantity lor the June
! o September dressing, an. 1 i. boused
i only in contact with the trunk of the
I tree. I have not discovered any great
benefit from sowing it broadcast over
the orchard every year. If the tree is
injured very much by the worm, to
I wash the bark of the trunk with n solu
I lin f mixture and water, might be
j of service, Icing careful n"t to apply
too much ; this should not prceut it
application in a powdered stale. To
my trees planted in the fall and spring,
I apply as soon as done planting in the
spring, about an ounce upon the surface,
in contact with the trunk of the tree,
and repeat this quantity again early in
June or .September, the pench worm at
these two last periods, being in their in
fancy, are destroyed.
In August, after one application of
this mixture to my young trees in the
spring, I have taken several worms from
oil" the outer bark of the tree, bedded in
gum, they have punctured it in a num
ber of places, but did not penetrate to
do any injury to the inner bark, while
the next tree left without the above
mixture was nearly destroyed, the in
ner bark being eaten for more than two
thirds around the tree. It might be
supposed that tho salt and saltpetre
w ould produce instantaneous death, but
this is not the case ; 1 have kept them
half covered in a solution of salt and
water, and saltpetre and water, and in
these two articles combined for several
hours without causing death ; they will
avoid its approach, and w ill not remain
in it unless compelled by necessity.
1 have endeavored lo cive in a brief
manner my practice on the peach tree
lor five years, from which 1 have no
reason to make a change, but many
inducements for a continuance of the
practice. If you consider it stitlirient
ly important for publication, it is at your
disposal, and if any benefit should arise
therefrom, be fissured it would be the
highest rew ard for any service of mine
that could be tendered to, dear sirs,
your obedient servant.
Ararat Farm, Cecil co., Maryland, July 5, 1841.
It is probable that the wash here re
commended, destroys the eggs or the
young worms before they enter the
trees. Strong ley w ill produce the same
e fleet when npplied at the right time;
that is in August after the egc;s are
laid. Hd.
A C'nriosli).
One day this week, says the Roches
ter Democrat, in working a burr block
at the liurr Mill Stone Factory in this
city, two honey bees were found in a
cavity opened by breaking oil' a piece
of the stone. Thcv were torpid, but
. - . i . . ,i ...
soon siioweu sius oi lite ami new
away. As they were enclosed in a
rerleclly air tight pait ol the stone,
they must have come from France ; but
how or when they were thus enclosed,
we leave for the solution of naturalists.
As to the fact, there can be no doubt.
The Pnrur, (lie .low Ue ClirlstUn.
A Jew entered a I'uitce temple, and beheld the
sucr d lire. ' nij he t.j the priet, 'da you worship
the (ire V
Nut the lire, answerej die priest; 'il is an em
Mem of the sun, and of the genial'
Diiyuu then worship the mil as your (iod !'
the Jew. -Know je not this luiuiuuiy uUj is
the work of ihe Almighty Creator
'We know it.'repl ed the priest, 'but the unculti
vated man requires a sensible igu in order to form
a c xcepiin of the Most High. Audi not the
sun, the inompiehensible source oft sht, an image
of that invisible Doing who blesM's and precivcs ull
tilings I
The Israilite thereupon rejoined!
lJ.i your p. ople, then, distiiit;uili the type fivn
tho onciual 1 They call I ha sun their li d ; un I
dc-ci'i.dinj from this t.i baser o jn ts, th y kiee
before an earthly tl tine. Ye amuse the nu'w vd,
but blind the inwaid eye ; and whd ye h 1 1 lo lh m
the eaithly, ye witluhuw from the henenly
liht. Tliou ihall not make unto tt.oe any
or any likeness.'
ilow then do ye designate the. Supumc lining V
asked the 1'arsee.
'We call hi il Jehovah Ad ini.t ; th it i', the I.ord,
who U, whu was, and who w ill he,' uusweii-d the
'Your sppell ition in grand and sublimit,' said the
P.irsee, 'but is aiiful, ton.
A Christian thru drew niIl and raid, 'We call
him rather.'
The l'aan and the Jew looked at e rh other and
tid, 'here is at once an image and iv.hty ; it is a
word of the heart,' said they. liny raised tin ir ryes lo hi aven and
said with reverence and love, 'Our Father !' And
tbey took each other by the bund, utij all three
called one another brothers.
lh. F. A. Krjtmiidcher.
TiiMri aNCK U s ms. At a Temperance har
vest h une, at (Ire. nwic't, War en county, N. J., a
mong the banners in the pr.iccss on wus one, a slicf
of wheat v. ith the following motto:
"If you cat me l"iu fuvji you drink Die I'm
And another, a aheaf ,.f oats; motto ! fumUli
hore y,Mnt, not iuat.
MottN .liiaruliiH for Ixx omoUvcm
The design of this invention is to pro
duce adhesion between the wheels uf
locomotive steam ciminer,, and the rails
of railway tracks, by which sueh en
gincs will Le enabled to overcome tho
resistance arising from ascending
grades, ice, or oil upon the track; it
will also enable the engineer to stop thtf
train nioro suddenly, when meeting o
ther trains, or obstructions on the road.
These objects nrc accomplished by
the combined application of moisture
and sand to the wheel tires, by meant!
of a very simple but effective addition
to the ordinary machinery of a locomo
tive. We understand that the improve
ment has been submitted to the test of
experiment and found to bo entirely suc
cessful. Mr. M. says, in the descrip
tion of the invention illustrated by draw
ings, now before us, that, "with so sim
ple an apparatus, cinder the momentary
control of the engineer, and which may
be affixed to any engines in use, for a
sum not exceeding S"0, such a serious
disaster as occurred on the Springfield
road might have been in a great meat
sure prevented ; the frequent accident?
cf people being run over may be avoid
ed, and very great expense saved in
Grading, rendering in many cases sta
tionary engines unnecessary. Aew
York Times.
Honey, n Cure Tor the Gravel.
The following, which appeared ori
ginally in the Liverpool (Fug.) Courier,
may prove serviceable to some of our
readers :
"About twenty seven years, says a
correspondent, i was p itch afdicted
jith the gravel, and twice in serious
danger from a small stone lodging in
the passage. I met with a gentleman
who had been in my situation, and had
Got rid of this sad disorder by sweeten
ing his tea with half honey and half
sugar. 1 adopted this remedy, and
found it effectual. After being fully
clear of my disease abgut ten years, I
declined taking honey, and in about
three months I had a violent fit of my
old complaint; I then renewed, the
practice of taking honey in my tea, and
am now more than three score and ten,
and have not for the last seventeen
years, had the smallest symptoms of
the gravel. I have recommended mv
prescription to many of my acquaint-
j atice, and have never known it to fail
For making a delightful Tomato tart
a delicacy very seasonable kbuut
these days :
"Uoll out your dough very thin, and
place it on the plate in which you intend,
baking your tart, and slice your toma
toes very thin, spread them over tho
dough very thinly, then take about two
tablespoonfulls of brown sugar, and ono
of ground cinnamon bark, spread tho
two over the tomatos, bake it well, and
you will have a delightful tart."
llecd llirtls.
This is the height of the season for
"Iieetl P.irds," that true delicacy of tho
table, and the marshes along the I)ela
ware and Schuylkill, near their junc
tion, are covered with gunners. Tho
reed seed are ripe, the little birds are
fat, and pop, pop, pop go tho gunners,
and at every pop, half a dozen reed birds
fall. We are told that the road side in
the vicinity of the iced marshes, are ful
ly occupied with horses, carts, gigs,
buggies, wagons, and almost every
thing in which a man may ride, except
ing a wheelbarrow. One or two per
sons have been seen scooping up the)
live birds with nets. So ridiculotw a
mode of interfering with sport, of course
calls down the laughter of the gunners,
and these net men have "been mada
The hunches of these birds, tied tip
by doens, look like pounds of butter
suspended by a string, and they bring
in the market from twenty-five to thirty-one
cents a bunch. The Kail, we
are sorry to learn, are not likely to be
so plentiful. U; S. Caz.
Fob. Lirkkia. The Cincinnati daz.
hays that a number of the oldest and
most respectable colored people of that
city those that have property, and aro
of good and peaceable character- aro
making arrangements to dispose of their
effects, and move to Liberia. The Ga
zette remarks, 'this is the best thing they
can do. We have long been lalisfie't
that the free blacks should seek a resi
dence in Africa. That it is a misdirav.
j ted philanthropy which woulj induce
their iay in this country.'