Sunbury American and Shamokin journal. (Sunbury, Northumberland Co., Pa.) 1840-1848, July 24, 1841, Image 2

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    mA-inrwitww9ymry Him . . .... m r-r-r '
h'fjm B'cknelt'i Reporter.
. nUV.U, Or THU tiLKDOMi.
fourteen Days later fros Ungland.
Toe st-Mmship Caledonia arrived at Boston on
;-.i'unliy at one o'rlock, after a psagef II diys
mj 18 hour. SIm rcaglied II tlifax in 11 days
and 6 h m.
Tho new, m will lie perceiveJ, i of nil impor
' itil chtacter, being no lf thsn disso'ntion of
Pnrlinmoiit 'General Election-dtesdful iiol,nd
tontof lile trw arrival of an ovcrlunj mail from
India a alight riee in cotton and the settlement
t' the Turco-Egyplian-Question. The Culodonia
brought 74 passenger.
Samuel Jaudon, E4 returned in the Caledonia,
nnd if now, we believe, in this city.
rite Acadia airived home on the morning of the
;;)ih, in ten and a half days from Halifax.
The Great Wee era had not arrived tit Bristol
Id day out.
Trade in the manfuctnring 'district' was better.
( 'niton hud improved in demand, andV-Ua 1-4 in
pr.ee lor American descriptions. Very little change
m corn. The prospect for the crops wa not quite
i promising. Money in London was worth 0 per
o nt. per fltium, and many heavy failures had taken
place.
The Trench loan had been reduced from 18,
'OO.OOOto 9,000,000 in consequence of the ex
tent of the Austrian loan.
It is slated that the present visit of the King of the
Pi Ighns lo London has reference to a contemplated
'niriiae of the bother of Prince Albert with iho
l'lineess Clementine, th only unmanicd daughter
"I Louis Philippe.
There have been serious riots in Liverpool, Car
lisle, Blackburn, Manchester, Edinburgh, Xotting
I' im, Cambridge, Kensington, and the Tower Ham-
i i and several persons stabbed, and some died
i.l excib menl.
W hitmore, Wells &. Whitmore, bankers of Lon
don, have failed.
'J'he Pollux steamer has been lost off tho island
' I Elba. Only one person drowned.
Great activity prevails all over France nnd Eng.
I ni.l, in fining out ships of war. Tho following
tups of war will be launched this sununcr, in addi
1.111 t the Trafalgar tVst rate : Hindostan, SO, a-I'ljirii-uth,
the 2d of August ; Collit.gwond, 60, at
"emhrokr, the I7lh of August; Ccmbrian, 36, at
lYiiil'toko, the 3d of July ; and Growler, steam vest
I, at 'liathnui, first week in August.
MiNiSTi.RiL Cihsgis, Sit George Gray is to
ive tl.e Duchy of Lancaster, with a scat in tho
' ' .buioi ; succeeded as Judgo, Advocate by Mr.
Shed, late Vice President of the Board of TraJe.
Mr. More-O'Ferral, Secretary of the AJiuiiuly,
Las the post ot Financial Secretary of the Tnuau
1 y , vice Gordon. 'O'Ferral is succeeded at the
A.liniialty ly;Mr. Parker, M. P. for Sheffield.
Mt.MUKiik 11 srcnNED.-Thc conservative mi inhere
ulirady returtied are 110 the radical inembers W.
The conservative gain is 30, the radical 16 leaving
1 niiijorily in favor of conservatism of 11, ot 28
votes on a division, in the House of commons.
Uirur os Mit IIvmi. Joseph Hume has bcn
ilifeated at l.etds. lie will, probably, not sit in
1 tie licit parliament.
Parliament was prorogued on the 22d ult.
It is now cofiditilly asserted, that the Duke of
IwcLin.nid and family huv gone into mourning for
I irj Fitzroy, all hopes of the safely ol the Piesi
Vnt steamer being now given up by his grace.
Burglar)'.
Some time during last night the premises occu
ptt-d by Mr. M. T. Mi.ler in Thiid street opposite
the Eichuiige, was forcibly entired by thieves who.
.dieted un entrance by cutting out a pnnnd in the
k!e door.
They appoint! to hove ficrciscd some trouhh' in
riving to get into the fire proof; having taken ell" a
pari (if the roof outeide of the building, and effaced
the papi r on the wall iiibide, in the way of sound
log ; but tho strong lesistauce of biitk and mortar
I i.ived their attempts ab .rtive. Among Iho arli
.'.en which they took, was the amount of about two
l.unditd dullais in counterfeit money one Jf.r0
was on the tiiy taiik of N. Cleans, with Bkknell,
uiipirset'd on the face of it, there we.e semelO's
i.ud .V on tho Bank of Pennsylvania some on
Hank of Virginia Bank of Delaware &c, beside
jome broken bank notes. They also took a double
barrel cut pistol, and examined a bottlo of lauda
i.um.whith they li ft behind they scultercd books,
i i-.pcrs, &c,vr the floor they aliO broke out a
jwinnelm the sccctul story, but obtained nothing
in the lowei apartment they obtained two tents in
1 uncut money, probkble as a remuneration f.n all
tlivir trouble, and for w hich they It ft a rid s.lk han
k rchief, whi: ll is at their disposal by Calling any
hour thiough the day. VhiluJ. Guz.
mi. k.
Dr. WitiTf. of Mount Pleasant, Jeffeison county
t Mi in, pukst'd through this city yesterday, on his re
mm from i'jhvjlle, Tcnn., where he lias et-
l.rhed a riik Factory with two looms, now in con--1
,nt and uiietful ot.erulion. There has been a
h. jje amount ol coeooiu raided in Tennessee, and
i. i iough tbi lai tcry ,ursi aei all as fal as their
,,ie.iu of iiirnutartuiing liem permit, there are
ti!i 3iiOO bobUils ready for .the inanufacluier,
liiih L'ker.nally forf4 per buuhcl, according lo
,;..ul.iy.
W. has n.sde Mme important improvements
id Li rmubliMiy for pieparing silk; and prcp.'se
'o lonie fcimsili in C'tncii.iiali, and esluliliub the
I us.ness heie, should lie meet with any encourage
rr.u t We h. j c he will, as the legitimate tl'i bu
i:txM ho ti.ri.hed rv.ry community tliat has la
k.n i. Id off. D. W.. by lL way, "
ti, unlet nut f .ilk, fiock coat, v.l, and tanta
wim h, .1 w-k m 'ie wu.U'"y
i 'ol. Ctm.nriuU ' Hepub.
A Uvr, C.i.Mir:-The large.1 ch mi.ey in the
n-orUlnu lb S.i An Manufactory of Jamc
Mu.pr-tt, E.nw Liwfpool- f1 theenormoi..
btight ot 4t: l.t boe the sjroun'1, 45 f. tl dt m
tin ii t.ie r. tr t,0 feet do, l to . "d
rr.t.j.: n.a i.nO.O'.C c( luikt.
Ttie Jttt.eoit tf. ,
The Supreme Court of New York, on Monday
lait, delivered n rnont 'ie nml elaborate Opinion
j,nini tho iliehsrce nf Mt LoJ, and rennndi d him
lo the tlouu'y ..f Niagara to Ixke hintrial in theordi
nary forms of law. The opinion was delivered by
Jud,ju Cowav, and w i unaiiini.nn. It occupies
neatly right column of the New York American.
The expre of yesterjiv tnyn:
.What rnurse Mcl eod's counsel will take is not
known, but it is a dd that ho will cervo out a writ of
error, and that the cane will Ui carried to the Gouit
for tho Correction ol'Ertur, w hich nreets in Amtust.
Then,-if the present decision should be afliiincd, an
appeal lies to the Supreme Court of the United
State.
We lonrn." ihe Albany Adveitiser ay, "from
Mr. Hiltyer, one nf the X Y. Deputy MierilH, who
arrived from Uliea this morning, that Mcl.eod re
niuim for the present in cmrtody of tho Sheriff of
Oneida county. What fuither couise of proceed
ings wi I be t.iken is not yet determined. Mcl.eod,
it is said, is anxious lo goto a jury forthwith ; should
he determine upon this course, the application for a
writ of eiror on the judgment of the Supremo
Couit, as intended by his counsel, will, of course,
bo abandoned."
"We caunot Say," say the X. Y. Amrrican.'-wo
are disappointed in this retull for the (pars ion is
one which, not free from difficulties in itetlf, al
though wo have no doubt about it, ha b??n 'ren
dered yet more difficult for a New Y'otk '-Court to
decide upon its mer u, by the attitude m which the
State has been placed by its Executive--a.lverse, as
it were to the Federal Goveiment. If the Court
of Etrora should affirm the dcc.i..'Vh of tho Supremo
Court, an appeal lies, and will be taken to the
Supreme Couit of tho Uui'ed 8 lates ; and meantime,
a rule, on application of tho piisioner's counsel,
would doubtless be made by the Couit of Errors to
stay proceedings in the case, until a final decision
could be had."
We avail ourselves of the following synepsisof
the case, from the New Ymk Evening Post:
Judge Cowan, after Muting that the prisoner was
charged with the murder of Amos Durfee, proocds
to discuss the propiiety of discharging him on the
facts tuted in his nfli.!vit. The points laid down
by the learnid judge, us wo gather them from a
hasty perusil, are
1. That the point raised by the prisoner, first,
that he did not participate in the alleged (ill", lire,
and Fccond, that, if present, ln?a acting in do
fence of his country from a ticatouabln insurieclioii,
cannot be made available in a Halic is Corpus, een
for letting him to bail, much less for ordering his
tir.ijoalifieil discharge.
2. That on Habeas Corpu?, the examination as
to cuill or innocence cannot, under ai y circom
Manet, extend b'-yond the depositions or proof by
which the prisoner is committed.
3. That these view are a sufficient answer to
the prerent application, but as counsel haJ ra'ned
the question of jurisdiction, the couit were willing
to go into it.
4. That the plea that this is a national question,
to be settled by the diplomatic powers of tho United
States and England, does not divest the court of
jurisdiction, because to warrant tho destruction of
proper'y or the taking of the pround of pubic wir,
there must be what is called latv'ful wsr.by the law
of nationo, which can never exist without a concur
rence of the war-mukiug power.
5. That il the affiir in question can Se torturid
into war between this nation and England, the
United Siatei might take possesion of Mcl.eod as
a prisoner of war,
C. That the order, under which Mcl.eod and his
associates acted was not a lawful net of iiujety, as
contended for by Mr. Fox since tho traduction
was then lawful ub initio and requited no royal
recoguiton, which is not pretended on r'tlhtr side. J
7. That regarding Durfee, as the enemy of Dug
laud, who had taken shelter on the neutral territory
of the United States, she had uo right, on any pre
tence, to purbuo him beyond her oah limits, with
out violating the rights of a neutral nation.
8. That the transactions in which Mcl.eod was
engaged is not to be justified on the ground of sc f
defence and necessity, as no such necessity can Im
proved lo have existed, the Caroline not being in the
act of making an assault np.in Canada, nor in a
condition to muko one. A well might a man who
walks half a mile, to his neighbor in bed at midnight,
becauso he suspected bi n of meditating injury,
plead necessity as an excuse,
9. That the fitting out of the rxpe.liiion und r
Murder and l.rnchlng at the Went.
Bklvidkhk, 3(lih June. IP4I.
"Since Suudiy last, the good people have bern
under a most violent exci ouvnt, on account of the
repetition f tho Bolvidere tragedy, rum na of which,
doulitlr-s, have reached you rre this time. II. w
ever, that you may know what to rely upon as truth,
I will give you a summary of what I have been able
to gather from rye witnesses and partic'-pators in
these most high handed and shinning atr cities.
For let the emergencies lie w hat they msy, all law
less violence resulting in bloodshed and death, aic
alarming in any community, particularly in one
comprised of eastern Ind northern men. 'J'he facts
in this case are these. The country below this and
north of tho Illinois liver, ha been for a long time
and is infested with a gang of black-legs, counter
feiters, hJisc'theiv'es nd land pirates, and thu good
people have fount! ttitr laws, or at least the ndmiim
Iration of them utir. ly iuidequate to the protection
of their property ; consequently they have been for
ced to form themselves into "Volunteer companies,
nnd anti-horse thieves sen ieti-s." One was funned
about 20 miles below this, at Washington Grove.
Mr. Campbell was actively cng ged iu getting it up.
On Huuday night last, two of the Driokclls, notori
ous through this region as ring leaders and haibor
eis of all Boris of villains rode up to Campbell's
house and aked hi son if hi father wis at home ;
he called his father to the door, when the Drukclls
shot him dead, and (led. 1'hu volunteer companies
of De Kaiband Winnebago counties immediately
colle -ted and went in search of the Diiskells. On
Tuesday they caught the old man and his sous
tried them by Lynch law and was convinced that
they were Ihe cau C if not the perpetrators of the
airocious murder of Mr. Campbell. They sentenced
them to immediite death, then placed Iho old man
about ten rods off and bid him prepare for death,
giving him 5 minutes when the time was up
about CO I).. lis went through him. 'J'he son was
served in the same manner both devils proving
game neither making any diacl rsurcs, more than
saying that another on of Driskell k.ll.d Camp
bell. The company are now pursuing this other
Diiskell, w ho has cut sti. k with a confederate.
500 reward is offered for his head. High handed
and revolting a this summary mode of procedure
seems lo be, it is, absolutely nice saiy, and receive
the commendation of every individual who is ut all
acquainted with the fuels. l'a man refuses lo j. .in
lhc:-e companies, he ia put down at once with the
horse thieves.
The Rnrkford pspei will bring all the minulia- of
the affair." Chicago Amirieun,
Kev. K. K. Aver)-.
A correspondent of the Boston Traveller, writing
from I'ln de Island, stntes the following. 'J'he
statements, if true, will have the effect of changing
what his been public opinion for many years:
"The murder of Miss Cornell was committed, il
committed at all, on the night of the 20th of De
cember, 1S32, and on that night Mr. Avery was
absent from his family in Bristol. He could not
satisfactorily account for the time he was absent.
In his examination, however, he said that in the
evening of Ihe 20th December he was returning
home from the coal mines, on the island of Khodn
Island ; und while on his way he saw and spoke to
a man and boy, who were driving a fiock of sheep.
If he could have proved that he saw the man and
boy at the time ulleged, his iiinocince weulJhave
been i'itab!ished lieyoud a shadow of doubt or dis
pute. Unfortunately, iu d-spite of every effort,
they could not l found. I was conversing on this
subject a few days since, with a distinguished gen
tleman of Bristol, and he informed die of the us
tounding fact that the man and boy huve recently
been disiovercd, and the boy, How a full grown
man by the way, has, ly iiffuKv-.t, substantiated e
very word Mr. Avery asserted on his examination !"
THE AMERICAN.
IhMi It gave an impetus t.i our mamifiirtuiri,
nnd urped a devrlopemcnt of our own resources,
that private or r til lie enlerprize under other cir
ciimsmnces would not have accomplished in twenty
years. Should n war now occur, our iron and o
iher manufactures Would be placed on so firm a ba
sis, a lo w ithstand all the assaults of time, and the
vicissitudes of trade. The silk business, now in its
infancy, but rapidly verging into one of the great
were granted during fhc la?t tiihec mostiis of hi
administration.
Gov. I'oii ri;n. The entire number of pardon
granted under the present administration, being up
wards of two and a half years in power, is ON E
HUNDRED AND THIRTY EIGHT, and told !
being infinitely rnwtn in numlicr than'were gran
ted by any adminittrutitm (hut hat tver Ixen in
puu-ti in the slate! ! And this too, notwithstand-
Saturday, July 24, 1841.
Itrmocratle CundMule Cor Governor,
Cien. DAVID IN IMMIT l',R.
(7 A Cui-htt Mr.KTitvo of the friends nf Por
ter and Democracy will be held at the Court House,
staple commodities of the union, would become at ! ing ihe ateady imchkask of our population, anJ
once firmly established. Thus, this country, in ; lne consequent increase of crime, which, it miy bo
the two item ulono of Silk and Iron, would effect a reasonably supposed, rendei applications for Exe-
saving of forty million of dollar, which wo now
annually send lo England and Fiance for those articles.
SILK.
in this phire, on the 2d day of August next, being Ohio was likely to become the great silk state of
the first Monday of the court. the tini n. Why it should be so considered, we
VV. ref. , .,r r7.X,1i i interesting debate Mnno1 conceive. Pennsylvania has thu far, in
- - c
on the Loan Bill, in another column.
(hi great enterprise, outstripped nil the other state
of the union. According to the last census, the
(CJ- Our reader will find, in another column, a who)o fmomX of pi,k coc4ong tajgcJ , hp
condensed slatcment nf tho opinion of the Supreme
Court of New York, in tho case of Mcl.eod, who
was indicted at Lockport last winter for piracy and
murder, in aiding lo burn (he Caroline Steam boat.
Mcl.rod i as broucht befoie the Judges at Utica, on
a writ of Itabeos Corpus. 'J'he Judges were unon-
imous in their opinion that he should not be dis
charged, but must stand his trial before a jury who
will pass upon his guilt oi innocence.
Jui'ge Lewis, it will be seen, had also given an
opinion to the in me effect.
cutive clemency more numerous from year to year.
Whence, then, the necessity of these fierce de
nunciations of Governor Porter? Doe not this
simple array of figure stamp with the seal of un-
We have seen it Mated in several papers, that I 1ua,i'',eJ i,,r!,my "amnion of the federalists, that
unuii inu aomiuisiraiion oi uiviu it. rorier ma
pardoning power has been -abused?' Doe it
not strike the common sense comprehension of ev
ery man, that il has lieen u-ed with ihe most spa
ring hand possible 1 Let Ouvernor 1'orter't cahim
ninfors meet these unanswerable facts, IF THEY
DARE !
states nnd territories of tht union, amounts to 32S,
432 lb. Of this amount Pennsylvania alone pro
duced 278,939 lbs., being something more thsn
five-sixths of the whole. All who have ei.lored in
to Ihe business in this neighboihood are doing ex
ceedingly well this reason. The silk business has !
I.EIU l't.VIMt7 W ...I.J (..IIUIiaiU II, IIIIB
sla'e, that people no lunger doubt of its success.
We have just learned that Mr. Crane of Grutz, in
Dauphin county, has nlready raised 130 bushels
cocoons this season, which is but part of his crop.
Jiulcp Lewis on the McLcotl Case.
Judge L. was invited to deliver an address before
the citizens of Fail field on the 5th inst ant. He was
CjT Mr. Wise made an ascension at Williams
porl, on tho 1 7 ih inst.
The collector at Philadelphia ha raked up
an obsolete law, under w hich canal boats entering compelled to decline o l account of his holding court
that pott, are obliged to pay a license. It has crca- at the same time; but he sent a letter, from which
ted considerable gtumbling. The comptroller at we extract the following it will be en that Judge
Washington has been applied to, who says that Lewis agrees in opinion with Judge Cowen of Xew
such is the law, which must be enfotcid in ull the Yoik, iu the matter of Mcl.eod, and it may be pro-
Having disposed of the general charge mide a
gainsl Governor Porter, of his having -abused" the
pardoning power, nnd shewn hy incontroveitiUo
j fact, that it U UNFOUNDED, we proceed torlu
! cidale his conduct in reference to what is familiar
ly known as the
r,iinor nr.roRt TRtit.
From the fierce outcry of the federal preses
against this particular net, the public might lie led
to suppose, that it were unprecedented in the an
nals of the stale, "something new under the sun."
How widely is this presumption, created and foster
ed for the vilest of party purposes, of variance with
the honest TRUTH ! How gross and digram thu
IMPOSI I'lON 'attempted lo be practiced upon the
understanding of the people. Let facts speak for
themselves.
Upon the Executive minutes for the year H04,
we find the rec ud of pardons, issued under Ihe great
ports of the union.
The President of the United Slates Bank
has published some proceedings id tho board, iu
which they say that Iho statement of Win. Ayres,
Esq., iu his protest, are unfounded and incoirect.
pel lo add, that though Judge Lewis's letter is only 0rBt;,ic, differing in no tingle particular from
just now published, it was written on the 3d iriMant. j ,, ffrfl O'wernnr Porter. Here ate tho
"I would not be willing to deliver an al.licss ol a cxlraiUi worj fuf won tUt.r for ierr.
party character, for reason apparent lo those ac
quainted with my officiil relations with the public.
But the views which this country may rntcrl-iin
(jjf Three hundred and fitly insolvents received illf questions of international law, involved in the
the benefit of the Insolvent Laws nt Philadelphia, case of Alexander McLeod, will materially effect
during tho present term of the Court. The Hggre- our relations with a foreign power, as well as our
gate amount of debt due by them is estimated to be standing with tho other civilized nations of the
but Lllto short of a million of dollars. Among ihe wo,U. On such a sul b ct. every man should be
number of litigated cases which have terminated fa- willinir to contribute his mite lo enlighten the pu'.i-
vorably, is that of the celebrated banker, Dr. Dyo't. lc mimi ami t(, pr(Xruce unanimity of thought and
Phe old man appears to be tottering on the very action ; flTor of ,oull j p,;,,,.,.,!,.,,. J, calin, i
verge of the grave, and with his long snowy locks, conccjt.j ,jlilt national recognition of an act.o
infirm fli p and broken down spirit, is an object to ,iierwi60 crimjna, i sufficient lo shield the perpe-
move thu compassion i f every beholder.
Cap!. Drew, wa an unwarrantable Usurpation of , oit whig."
The I.Hiieasler Post Oilier.
Trre Washington Correspondent of Ihe New
York Herald under dalp of the Uith inst. ss:
' I.a-t w-iek a company of small beer politicians
arrived from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, full ofpom-.
posity and pa riolism, charged with the ehaiitahle
and gallant mission of procuring the removal of a
most excellent and exemplary lady, ihe widow of a
brave and meritorious ofiiivr of the last war. The
Udy has administered the ulTiirsof the post office at
that place for seversl years past. Tho President
heard their story with his accustomed patience and
politeness, nnd then inquired whether there was any
complaint of the manner in which the duties of the
office were discharged
"None whatever but wc want the place for a
trator from punishment, at all times, in all places,
under all circumstances, and without any regard lo
the name of the net itself, or lo place where it may
have been comm'tted.
"The man who comes within the jurisdiction of a
State, and there commits what by the municipal
law is pronounced murder, or robbery, or arson,
should certainly be protected from individual ac
countability, if he can show that the net was such
as his allegiance, required and such as hi sover
eign might lawfully command him to perform.
But a soveieign may not violate the laws of na
tions and if he docs m, there are some acts of a
character so odious lint those nf his subject who
aid hiin in the perpetration of them, do so at the
peril of individual accountability, and cannot shield
tlicmscKcs under those principles of international
rectitude which they themselves have trodden un
der foot. Ho that conies before the great Chans
eery of X.itions for an injunction against the regu
lar operation of the municipal laws and its Courts,
must come with clean hands and a pure heart; o-
thrrwise he may find himself like the unfortunate
Major Audie, held up befoie ihe nntious of iho
earth a sa beacon to indicate that there are some acts
so sliongly forbidden thai the panoply of national
n cognition cannot cover tkcm, and that there are
limit which may not safely bu transcended, even
under the cum maud of that nation whose domin
ions are o extensive that the sun never sets up in
them. ' Y'outa very tiuly.
ELLIS LEWIS"
A great outcry has been made against Governor
Porter, on recount of his pardon lo Hutter Sr Can-
authority on the part of the Provincid authorities.
The Judge then says :
"This brings us to the grent question in ihe cause.
We have seen that a capital offence was committed
within our territory in time of peace; and the re
maining inquiry is whether England hris pi iced the
offenders above the law and beyond our jurisdiction,
by ratifying and approving such a crime. It is
due lo her, in the first place, to deny tint it lua
been so ratified and approvtd. She has approved
a rt nLic ut or LioniMirz hf.vil.ick niir,
She cannot change the nature of things. She can
not turn that into lawful war which was murder in
time of peace. She niHy in that way, justify the
offeudei a between him and his own government.
She caunot bind foirign courts of justice by insis
ting that what in the eve of the whole world was a
deliberate and prepared attack, must be protected by
the law of self-Je'.ence.
Jn the rccond place, I deny thai she csn, in time
of ay, send her men into our territory, and ren
der them iminiviou to oui laws by embodying
I'lem and putting arms in their hands. She umy
de-elate war: if the claim Ibe benefit ol peace, a
both nations h ive done in this instance, the mo
ment ai ) of h. r i il l lis c-nur oul territory, they
aie as completly obnoxious lo punuLintrit by our
law, as iftliey had been born add way resided in
this countri ."
'Mi' e paid, are argued at leng'h unli Vi.t '.i'l-u-
i .'-..d r. - A'nftcan ht::t,utl.
Gentlemen, I cannot consent to deprive this
lady und her f.tlheiless children of bread. She
must nut l e n moved."
The Lancaster gentlemen rama awjy quite cha
grined, and have since determined to cany theii
grievances to Mr. Sicvans, who redressrs ull politi
cal wrongs suffered by the Pennsylvaniana."
Coliimblit Furnace.
This Furnace, conducted by J. & J. P. Grove, is
still doing well. Some I'lno since, the h .1 blast
pities requiring gene. nil and thorough repair, the li
vens in w Licit ihe blast is heated, wcis taken down
and rc-bui!t, and the pipes put in complete order
again. During the two weiks these repairs were
insking, the keepers, who understand the busimss,
and know how lo encounter and overcome ull erdi
nary difficulties, continued on with the cold blast,
making l bs iron and of an infciioi quality, Lilt
keeping the furnace re ly for more copious issues,
as soon as the hot blast was again introduced.
ttaneilk JiiliUigmcer.
LinHTNiMii Rons siiuvlu not ei. riiMtn
All the metals lire good rondut-lors of rlrelncity.
Oil is a mm conductor. The electric fluid, in
passing along a conductor, is confined almost en
tiiely to it niirlucr. Wht-re lhalsuifuce iseoiered
with oil, paint, or any non-rondurling subktanre,
the passipe of the fluid is ollruiird--lt accumu
lates upon tbr rod, and is very liable to leave it Strike
into the building, oi lo sine other object whiih
nifry iftnt a l-t tin ct-ij'hiiting s-jrlaie. V-itVirA
F IRE!!
An alsimir.g Fire occuried in (his place on Wed
liesday last, ut about 4 o'clock, p. m. The fire first
broke out in the ktable of Mr. Fiodciick Lazarus
near the rail road. The wind at the time was blow
ing preliy strongly lo tho N. West, and before any
atsUtauce could be rendered, the whole stable was
enveloped in flames. 'J liesluble of Altxander Jor
dan, Esq., on the opposite side of the alley, in con
sequence of the intense heat, the wind bearing di
rcctly upon it, was soon w rapped in flames. It was
with some difficulty that his boise, carriages, cVc.
were got out of the buildings. The flames soon ex
tended to the stable of the adjoining lot, occupied
by Mr. Dawson, which, like the others, filled with
hay, was soon beyond all hope of recovery from Iho
Il anus. At this point, the wind having changed,
the progress of the flames were nrrestcd. In Ihe
ineuuwhile, the dwelling of Mr. Jordan and Mi
Lazarus were in imminent danger, the fire bavins;
broken out on the roofs in different places. The
dwelling occupied by Mr. Dawson, and also (hat of
Mrs. Finney, were on fire several times, but with
much difficulty were saved. The loss was thus con
li.'ied to the three stables, owned by Merssrs. La
zarus, Jordan and Yoxlheimrr, the whole loss of
which will amount to about $600. But this is not
all. The beautiful garden of Mr. Jordan, and those
of his neighbors, with their shrubbery and trees,
have sustained a loss that cannot bu to icudily re
paired.
Th firemen and ciiitens generally, labored faith
fully and diligently in subduing the flames. The
ladies in particular, were, as usual on such occi- I tine, who were prosecuted by Thaddcus Steven
sions, among the most artive on the ground. We j for publishing an article against him last fall. They
were also in lebtcd lo the Judges and members of have invariably stated that he was the only Gover-
the bar, and others attend. ng the -uptime Court, nor that ever granted a pardon before trial. The
now iu session at this place. Our neighbors from following extract from the address of the Central
Northumberland, on hearing the alarm, also prompt- Committee, shows that it has frequently been done
ly cume to our resistance with their engine, but did 'Commencing a far back as the year 1799, t!w
not arrive until the progress of desli action had lieen relative number of pardons granted under each sue-
in a great measure urie.u-J. As our citizens use cessive administration has been as follows
coal almost exclusively for fuel, fires are not of fie-
uncut occuriruco in tins place, 1 lie alarm was
consequently great, while the fire at one tune pre
sented a fearful aspect, when the luhlcs weic burn
ing and the fuur Louses on the street had caught iu
various places. I he sudden vreiiug of the wind,
and the active exertions of the firemen and citizens,
w as probably all that saved us from agieat and im
pending calamity.
The liie, it is supposed, was caused by a spark
ft out the locomotive engine on ihe rail roud.
3M
271
333
1,025
MtLfoJ'i Case.
The late decision ol the Supreme d nrt of Now
York on the case of McLeodil is said, will not dis
lurb the pacific relations between this country and
Ei gland. The decision was not unexptctej to
Mr, Fox, the Biitish Minister, and he is then-fore
willing to await the issue af a trial before the jury,
befoie he demands his passport. Besides, if the ju
ry should convict him, ihe case would be brought
before ihe Supreme Court of the United Stairs, for
thru final decision. Our own opinion is, itut
wai would uiost plobubly lie an ultimate brut-fit lo
Ibis country. Every hrutb that we have with Eng
land, will iviulei us less dependant upon hei iu a
rninmr icist polnl of v iew. The sdtatilacc resull-
Gov. MeKtas. First term, (3 yeais) 30S
Second term, " 4 11
Third teim, " 493
Sum total in nine years, 1,1'JI
Averago nuiulier each term, 397.
Gov. Sauna,. Firsl teun, (3 yeais)
Second term, "
Third term, "
Sum total in nine yeais,
Average numlier each term, 312,
Gov. Fisiii.it. Sum total during hi
term of service three yesrs,
Gov. HiesTsH. Sum total during his
term of service three years,
Gov. Supii zi l ust term, (3 yeais)
Second trim, "
Sum total In six yrnrs.
Average nuinter each te-m, 373.
Gov. Wotr. FiM term, (3 eai)
Second term, "
f 15
37-
33d
410
716
182
284
4t:6
Sum total in wx years,
Average number h teim, J33.
(iov. Hit ma. The whole uumlsi ol pardons
granted viut ing his administration, b nesi aa we
ran a main fioiu the molds, vveie ttlween ONE
Comnioilii'tnlth vs. John Heart.
Was charged before an Aderman of tlio city of
Philadi.-lphin with larceny. Mauh 28, 180 1, the
Governor granted u pat don.
In the above case, it will lie observed, there was nei
ther trial nor conviction. The paid. in followed im
mediately upon the charge. Here is another ense,
precisely identical:
Commonwealth vs. Hugh Cunningham.
Was charged with fornery, in the county of
Beaver, at November sessions, ISO I ; December 10,
1SIU, the Governor granted a pardon.
In the above case, again, it will be remirkej, the
pardon followed immediately on the foo'steps of the
complaint. There wa neither trial nor conviction.
Here follows another case, again, the reader will
irmark, the pardon followed immediately on the
footsteps of the complaint. 7'icre was neither iri
al tmr conviction, which is also taken verbatim from
the Executive minutes of ihe projier date.
Commonwealth vs. Thomas Flahavan.
Was charged with larceny by the Grand Jury nt
a Mayor's Court in the cily of Philadelphia in Feb
ruary, H00. February 8, 1800, thk Goviknoh
GRANTF.II A l-ARIIO BEFORE TRIAL.
We ask t!ie truth-lovin citizens of Pennsylva
nia, WAS Til IS NO PRECEDENT? In the
above case, you will observe by leferenee to dates,
the information and the pardon were but A r'EW
DAYS APART, and it is distinctly and unequi
vocally plue.eil upon record, that the parJuii was
gnnud BEFORE TRIAL ! !
Nor is this all. Upon the Executive minutes of
the year 180H, we again find the following ent.ies:
CommnnweaLh vs. Tluvnas McKcan, jr. $ Hi
chard Ihnuis.
Were endieted at a court of quaMer sessions of
Ihe peace in Philadelphia couif y, in June 1807,
the former for sending a challaiie, and the latter
for delivering and carrying a challange. March
19, 1808 the Governor granted a pardon.
Commonwealth vs. Thomas McKean jr.
Wns indicted for sending a challenge ti Mi
chael I.ieb, at court of quarter sersions in Phila
delphia county. October 12, 1808, tho Governor
granted a pardon.
In each of the foreroing cases, it will be again
remarked, the pardons follo-ved the indictment, anl
were consequently issued BF.VORE TRIAL.
Here follow two other ces. ii. which pardou
was granted before tlie court declared acnlcnce.
Corr mnnwralth vs. Wi'liam If allace, Alcxand-i
Wallace and William .tsbit.
Wi re convicted of a cm-piracy to cheat and de
fraud the creditors of Wm. Wallace, at a court of
quarter sessions, in Philadelphia, March 10S,
March 21, 1808, the Governor granted pardon
BEFORE StN Tl NCr.
Co;n wmweu'th vs. Henry Mercian.
Was convicted of counterfeiting, on three in
dictments, at a court of oyer an I te-mincr, iu the
county of Lancaster, iu August 1808. NovenuVi
10, 1M8, The Cortrnor granted a pardon troB
There msy be, enJ undoubtedly ate, similar in
stances on record, but your committee deem tho
foregoing a amply uffioii nt lo demonstrate be
yond the powei of refutation, that the course of
Governor Porlf r in the case of Hutter and Cunline,
was not without precedent. Be il remembered al
so, that these paidous were granted by THOM
AS McKEAN himself one of the moat illustrom
juiislsofhisday him.-elfa member nf the conven
tion lhat frsmeJ our constitution, and who, it i-i
but fair to presume was abundantly quvlitiod lo es
timate f r.qtrrly the extent nf the power which tht
instrument conferred upon him.
After this a-r y of tin 'finable record tes'imoiiv ,
We ark the honest cit'zeus of ihe slate, what kimi
of estimate mu .1 they form ol the hoiutty of th
men, who have boeti incesssnt in (heii attempts n
rahn uivn the public the FA I sEilOOD, tlntih
itig thib cnun'tv fioiu the hit n-r.c tmitiu aiitl 'i V1) lVViLVt t tiuu.bei ol which I iou cl njifrnji IVtci iu (hi mtitttlji i