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Ti:itMS OP THE "AfllElllC'AX."
HENRY D. MA8SER, Pirn Usui-as asd
JOSEfH EISELY. S PRomiBToin.
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learn that an earthquake had produced
all this ; but he will be, doubtless, that it
should happen on the very day on
which Tecumseh arrived at Detroit :
. It. JMSSEIl, Editor.
OTFICB IH. MARKET BTIIF.KT, NEAR IlEKR.
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AND SHAMOKIN JOURNAL:
Absolute acquiescence in the decisions of the majority, the vital principle of Republics, from which there i no appeal but to force, the vil.il principle and immediato parent of despotism. -J rrtsnsoiv.
Bj aiasscr & i:iso!y.
Stiiibui-y, Koiihunibci land Co. I'a. Saturday, July lO, IS II.
Vol. IXo. XL.1I.
O D K.
Written ly request, fur the Monument Dinner, in
Kingston, June 24, 1841.
IT A. MSTT.
Sacred ground where we are meeting,
: Here the martyred pnl riot stood ;
Friends and kindred give their greeting,
Where their fathers gave ihoir blood.
When the foemcn
Came like spring-time's rushing flood.
Fathers, Mothers, Sons and Daughters.
SSufiered in that furious fray,
And the Susquehann's waters
Hcddened with their blood that day,
By our sires with thin locks gray,
Now the vale is sweetly shining ;
Summer in her verdant green
Round us every grace is twining,
Making glad the solemn scene ;
Happy voices, '
Blend beneath fair Flora's screen.
And if ever, in our valley,
Foes should dare the Freeman's fight,
Here shall be the Soldier's rally,
Sunnv morn, or stormy night;
God of battles,
Ever guard and shield the right !
An arbour of boughs and flowers was erected
i-cr the place of celebration
THE GAME OF DttAt OUTS.
AX AMERICAN TAIK Bt T. S. ARTHUR.
'But, my dear sir, you cannot, certainly, be in
'Yes, but I am though.'
'What gamble your daughter away V
'You can call it by what name you choose; it
aatters not to inc. You must beat me at the
arrie, or her hand cannot be yours.'
But that is impossible. You are the best play
r within ten miles round, and I know little or noth
ng about draughts, besides having a distaste for it.'
Well, well, that is your own look out,' replied
be father, with an air of impatience. 'If you win
ershe is yours ; but if you do not, my word for
t,she makes happy the biidai evening of a sroar
'I tell you it is useless to talk, John Graham,
ty word U passed and I cm not be moved. If you
omply with lei ins, well ; if not, (here let the mat
This conversation occurred between a sturdy
lusbandman, whose farm fiinged the romantic
banks of the Susquehanna, near the delightful vil
lage of Marietta, in the interior of Pennsylvania,
ind a young fanner living near by. The heart of
.he latter hud been won by Anna, the blooming
laughter of the former, and after many days of
loubt and painful misgivings John CJruham, for that
was his name, made bold to sx-ak forth to the fu
ller his desire to possess her hand.
Surprised, mortified, and discouraged at his re
;eption, the young mun left the house without a
parting word with Anna, and returned to his own
lome, gloomy and desponding.
For three days no one saw him beyond the
bounds of his own farm. Anna, who knew, of
course, his intention to ak for her hand, was deep
ly distressed at his sudden departure from the house,
and prolonged abseence.
It was near night-fall of the third day, while sit
ting at the cottage window that opened to the road
winding up towards the house, she startled from a
painful dreamy state, by the sound of footsteps, and
lifting her head, she perceived that ber truant lover
was again returning.
O John, why have you stayed so long awsy 1
she said earnestly, as she bounded out of the door
to meet him.
And why should I come ! he replied moodily,
Did not my father , She could utter noth
ing further, but coloring deeply, leaned hot head
upon his shoulder.
lie refused me your hand, Anna V he said in an
O, no John ; lie did not do that, surely I' said
the maiden, lifting her head, and looking him, with
a pale couuteuanw, steadily in the face.
It amounts lf the same tlmig, Anna, I must
beat him at draughts, or you never can be mine.'
John Graham, you are sporting with me!' and
Ann, drew herself up, with her face, from which
the color baJ so suddenly departed, was lighted up
with something of indignation.
As I live, end as I love you, Anna, what I say is
Then my father but sported with you in a mer
ry mood,' and the maiden tried to smile carelessly.
He was U earnest,' said the young mau, so
lemnly. Theu what can he infant' asked Anna, in a
Why he means to deny me your hand. He has
no doubt, other views for liu daughter.
For moment Anna stood silent, and then lean
ing her head on the shoulder of her lover, she colt
bed aloud, overcame by fceliuga which she in vain
tried to keep down.
Just at that moment the sound of some one ap
proaching, aroused them, and looking up, they per
ceived it to bo Anna's father.
Well John,' lie said in a cheerful tone, 'have you
come to bpat me at droughts V
Young Grn man's face colored, and being unable
at that moment to speak from confusion, he looked
upon the ground and was silent. But quickly re
covering himself, he replied
'I hope, sir, that you will not feel it necessary
to pain cither your daughter's feelings or my own,
longer, by what I cannot believe to be any thing
more than a jest.
Tho old man's brow daikenrd. ''I am not u sed
to trifling, sir,' he said. You have heard my terms.
Let mo assure you, that they must be fulfilled to
the letter. If you do not intend trying for her
hand in tho only way that it can be won, then give
place, sir, to some more worthy suitor.'
Deeply pained, as well as offended, at what he
considered as equivalent to an insult, repeated,
Graham turned suddenly away from both father
and daughter, and hastened home.
It was nearly four weeks before the young couple
again met, and then it was without concert at (he
house of a neighbor. For the first port of (he even
ing they seemed shy of each other; but after a
while, were observed to be earnestly engaged in
conversation, as they passed the lawn in front of the
house, backward and forward, under the love awa
kening influence of a bright August moon.
Will you not consent I said Graham, becoming
'No, John, I cannot. I love you,' and her voire
trembled and faltered ; 'but leave my father ! O,
no, no, never !'
Then you do not lo ' but he paused with tho
word unuttercd. There was an embarrassed si
lence of some moments ; at length the young man
said, in a melancholy tone
'Then Anna we hud better see each -other no
'John,' she said, looking him in the face fixedly,
'will you not try to ' But she hesitated, and
then hung down her head.
'Try to beat your father in a game of draughts,
you would have said ? Even if there was hope
Anna, of doing that wich there is none, I could not
give my consent to so humiliating an act. What
has the playing of a game skilfully, to do with ma
king you a good husband V
But this did not satisfy the mind of the maiden.
She thought that her lover ought lo be willing to
do any thing, no matter how unreasonable it might
be, for the sake of gaining her hand. She could
not, however, say more than she had.
They paited that evening gloomily enough, but
the sight of her face and the sound of her voice,
had stirred moie deeply in bis heart the waters of
'She must be mine !' he said to himself pas
sionately as he strode homewards.
By degrees, but with great reluctincc, he began
entertain thoughts of applying himself to the game
at which her father was so skillful; and such pro.
gress had he made by the next evening in his inci
pient resolutions, that ho actually went over to a
neighboi's and after silling a while, proposed a
game of draughts. But although his antagonist
was a poor player, John Graham was beaten every
You wouldn't do to play with old Woodruff,'
remarked his companion, after winning for the sixth
Graham colored deeply, as he looked up, at the
remark ; but lie perceived by his friend's counten
ance that it was innocently made.
Much discouraged he went home that night,
and dreamed that he had played with Mr. Wood
rulT, Anna's father, and beaten him. On the next
evening he went over again, and spent two or three
hours in playing. Once ho beat bis antagonist.
This gave him hope, and as he thought of it next
day, he suid to himself, 'I have certainly improved
a little, and if I keep at 1 will certainly improve more.
"And old Woodruff will improve too, and he is
far enough ehead :' whispered an opposing thought,
and his spirit sunk suddenly to a freezing point.
That evening he staid moping and gloomy at
home. But on the next night he tried draughts a
gain and frit an increasing confidence and sense of
Three weeks passed away in practising almost ev.
ery evening, when John became so much of an a
depl a to beat his friend at every game. This
made him feel quite uplifted, and be determined to
have a trial with Anna's father. Bo he dressed
himself up and went over.
Anna met him at the door, and blushed with joy
and confusion. The old man extended his kand
with a blunt welcome, that bad in it some remains
of his former cordiality.
Before tea Woodruff talked with Graham about
the wheather, the farm, anil the stock. After tea,
st which little was said, though many glances were
exchanged between (be lovers, the old man pointed
signitkanily at the checker-hoard, and Graham,
with a face suddenly flushed, nodded assent.
Anna's heart beat audibly in her bosom, and
she felt oppressed with a suffocating seusation, as
she saw the two draw silently up to the table and
begin to arrange their pieces on the board. It beat
quicker still when the moves began, and sank
heavily in her bosom after a brief passage of the pie
ces from square lo square lor her lover had kl
the game. The piece were again replaced, and
again the moves commenced. But the pnmo soon
terminated as the first. Twenty games were play
ed before the parties separated, in all of which the
old man wen. Long before the termination of the
evening's contention, Anna's pulse had become
quiet ; although a red spot upon her check told
that she felt none the less interest. She had not
failed to percieve that, with every renewed game,
the period occupied in contesting it became longer
than that which went before.
On tho next ovening Graham came aain, and
ag'iin the draught-board was produced. But, some
how or other, he could not play even as well ai he
did on tho evening previous. Anna was disappoin
ted, and he could perceive it, and this not only
dispirited him, but wounded his piide. He felt in
no pleasant mood ss he returned homo that night,
half detcrmoning not to lower himself again so
much in his own estimation, as to gamblo for the
girl he loved. This hnlf-forraod resolution he kept
for a week, during which time Anna's doubts and
fears all returned upon her, and made her sick at
But, much as he disliked draughts, and much as
he condemned and even despised tho principle in
volved in the stipulations of Anna's father, all
powerful love again prevailed, and he sought tho
home of his lady fair to enter the lists once more for
her hand. But it was with little better success.
Still there was one compensation for the disap
pointments that followed every evening's trial
and that was, an houi's quiet communion with An
na ; for, as long as he would play with the old man,
and try, as be of course did, to beat him, ho was a
welcome visiter, and allowed a fair opportunity to
tell over again to the maiden how fondly he loved
Six months passed in this way, and young Gra
ham began to play with much tkill and judgment,
and not uufrequently a game would last for a whole
hour. On such occasions, the old man would slap
him on the shoulder, after he had beat him, with
"Well done, my boy ! The girl will be yours yet !"
One day about this time, it happened that Gra
ham, with his farmer's frock on, was driving bis cart
along the road that passed near the cottage of his
sweetheart. Woodruir happened to meet him just
there, and insisted upon his slopping. Graham came
in, and after drinking a glass of home-hrrwed beer,
made by the fair hands of her he loved, the old man
reached down ihe everpresent checker-board.
This may be a lucky day, John,' he said looking
him archly in the face. 'Have you a mind totry.'
The first sight of the lioard always annoyed tho
young man; but he stilled this feeling, as usual,
and sat down to tho table.
For a little while Anna stood looking at the
gimc, and then retired to attend lo her ordinary du
ties in the family. The mother, too, soon followed,
anJ the players were left alone. The dog, that had
partaken of ihe general feeling of hustle on the en
trance of thi) young nun, soon felt the quiet influ
ence of the room, and stretching himself out upon
the floor, seemed as deeply engaged in thought as
were his bied companions. Not a sound wai to be
heard, except the low noise made in moving the
p'ices on the board, oi the occasional quicker rat
tling of Mioin when one was taken. Graham nev
er before seemed to have his mind so clear, nor to
have so lucid a prcception of the principles of the
game ; and the old man was as much absorbed in
what hn was doing as ever. About every ten min
utes, if there had been another observer in tho room,
a serious face might have been seen looking in for
a few moments at the window, just behind ihe
'Jupiter !' suddenly exclaimed the old man with
an uneasy movement, as his antagonist leaped over
two pieces and into the kingdom. The relative po
sition of several pieces in the neighborhood of this
newly made and first king on the board, was such
us to compel woodruff, in taking care of them, to dis
arrange entirely his game, and destroy his u-ual po
sition of advantage. For a few minutes the flu-.li
excitement destroyed the calm balanced state of
young Graham's mind. But he perceived ihis, at:d
confined his moves to unimportant and safe ones un
til his pule beat more quietly. Aud now came the
severest struggle yet. Now or never !' thought
Graham, who readily acknowledged that it was a
h tippy accident rather than skill to which he was
indebted for his present decidedly advantageous posi
tion. For nearly a half hour both parties continued lo
play with such caution that but a single piece was
taken ; but now each seemed determined to bring
the game to an isue, aud soon the board had on il
nothing but four kings two for each. Just at this
time Anna came lo the window, and seeing the po
sition of affairs, turned pale, and felt a sensation of
fuinlne-s; but she was riveted to (lie spot. The-
molher'a interest, too, la J become excited, and she
came to the door and stood also looking upon the
board. The old man sat with his hand lo his mouth,
fingering his lips, bis usual position when deeply
interested in his favourite game; and Graham leaned
bis bead upon his hand, bis countenance, though
abstracted, indicating a sadness of feeling mingled
with hope. The four kings were neai together,
and each was evidently intent on reducing the num
ber of ihe other to one, and then blocking that.
After studying and calculating moves for alout
five minutes, the old nun cautiously paeJ one of
his kings to another squair. IJju-k ss thought his
I antagonist made a move, arid then with a long in-
i rpiratiuii awaiud the lesuit.
' Jupiter !' again ejaculated the old man, closing
his fingers light upon his under lip. A long pause
endued, and at last the move was made.
Hurrah !' exclaimed Graham, in a loud voice,
lifting his hand. He gave a king lor a king, ard
having the last jump, so alighted as to completely
hem him in, or 'Mock' the old man's only remaining
king, thus winning the game at the last cxticmity.
' Hurrah, hurrah, hurrah 1' he cried, and leaned back
in an ccstscy of delight.
For a moment or two the old man seemed cha
grined at his defeat, 1ml he recovered himself quick
ly, and gripping liie hand of Graham, said
Now, my boy, you have fairly won her, and she
is yours. C'omo here, pet, he said to Anna, who ap
peared at the door pressing in by ber mother, 'and
name your wedding day.'
It is needless to tell how Anna blushed, or how
her little heart leaped for joy in her bosom. It is of
more moment to say, thst in one month the 'twain
were made one flesh.'
After the knot had been tied, and the young fo'ks
were full of noisy nicirimoiit, Mr. Woodruff said lo
his new-made son
'And now, can you tell, John, why I nndeyou
beat me nt draughts before I let you have my lilde
pet there, who looks happier, and I hope is happier
than I havo ever seen her before !'
Indeed I do not,' said iho young man seriously.
'I oltvays felt it to be a piece of uncalled for cruelty
lo us both.'
'There you were mistaken, my boy,' replied the
old man, smiling. 'You have one defect of char
acter, and I saw it. You distrust your own pow
ers. It was but one week be fere you asked mo for
Anna's hand, that, in a conversation, yon told me
that you could not do a certain thing. It involved
dillicully and Application, but still it was necessary
that you should do it, or trust to somo one il.-e to
do il for you, who would then have il in his power
to deceive you. 1 determined then, that as soon as
as you asked for my child, I would put your love
and your powers of mind both to a test, and prove
to you that you could do any thing in ihe range of
human capacity, if you tried. Have I not succeed, d
in showing to you that 'I can't' are words nut to be
used in your dictionary !'
The young man looked his monitor in ihe face
with silent surprise and the latter added:
And now, my dear boy, I trut that you will
never again doubtyour natural ability when brought
in comparison with the natural powers of another.
Patience and pcrsevuianco will surmount all oli
stacles. Make these your companions, and you
will fust rise in intelligence, influence and useful
ness, above the crowd who are content lo be iguo
llc-pect lo I. utiles.
I have found that the men who are really most
fond of the socirty of the ladies, who cherish for
them a high resjHVl, arc seldom the nu-t popuLr
with the sex. Men of more assurance, whoa?
tongues aro lightly hung, who ui.ike words supply
the place of ideas, and plice compliment in the
room of sentiment, are tho favorites. A tiue re
spect for won... n lea. Is to lespeetfjl action Unvaid
them; and r. sreiul is usually di.tuiit actio:,; and
llm gieat distance is mistaken by tlicui for neglect,
or want of interest. AdUison.
An Arabian having brought a blush to a maiden's
c'leck by the earnestness of his gaze, said to her :
"My looks havo planted roses in your cheeki why
forbid me lo gatl.fr them! The law primit him
who sows lo reap the harvest." what think you of
his logic, ladies ?
Matiumoit. Thomas liastad, Esq., fellow of
the New I'ollego, 158, wrote tho following epi
gram on his three wives :
Though marriage by some is reckonej a curse.
Three wives did I marry for better for wvr-e,
The lir.-t for her person, the lie xt for her porn",
The thud for a warming pun, docires and riur-e.
Tho above reminds us of ihe clergyman whoso
first wife was immensely rich, his second exquisite
ly beautiful, and his third, whom he married in his
old age, to nurse and comfort him in the decline of
life, proved to have an ungovernable temper, lie
observed to one of his f. .ends tint he had three
wives, the world, the llesh, and the devil.
Wc copy into our paper the follow
invi curious article, By this system oi
combining all kinds of fruits, otic may
bo saiJ to have an orchard in a single
tree. Gentlemen of leisure, in thin
country, in tho inoculation line, might,
in this way, find much pleasure in ga
zing upon their handy work.
Bknarkahlk Tree. Mr. Agricole,
at Coluits, has in his garden an apple
tree, which in the year IS Hi bore "JtlS
sorts of apples and other fruit. In fact
the treo has on it above 300 sorts ; but
those last "railed have not vet borne
fruit. This gentleman has p fleeted this
curiosity for his amusement, by inocu
luting and graifinj, and has fastened to
every branch a little board, with the
name of the sort of apple it bears. The
tree has a strange appearance, from
the various t-hap.es and colors of the
leaves, blossoms, and fruits. Some
years ago the Itiwsians bivouacked
near this tree, and were so surm ised at
the strange shape of it, and the number
of boards, that they did not injure it,
though they cut down other fruit trees
lor lire wood.
Life of Tcciiimrli.
A life of this celebrated chieftain, by
the late Benjamin Dkake, has been late
ly published in Cincinnati. It is snoken
of as a work of uncommon interest ex
ccutcd with great ability. The biogra
pher has bestowed infinite pains in the
investigation of the character of this fa
mous Indian warrior, and the pages of
the volume teem with anecdotes illus
trative of his bravery, generosity and
heroism. We extract a few of them
for the amusement of our readers.
TlX'l'ES Ell's EFFOIITS TO AU0T.ISTI TUB
Ri'Rmxo ot' Prisoners. The next act
in which Tccumseli participated, and
in which he manifested signal prowess,
was an attack made by the Indians up
un some flat boats descending the Ohio,
above Limestone, now Maysvillo. The
year in which it occurred is not stated,
but Tccumseli was not probably more
than sixlcen or seventeen years of age.
The boats were captured, and all the
persons belonging to them killed, except
one, who va3 taken prisoner, and after
wards burnt. Tecumseh was a silent
spectator of the scene, having never
witnessed the burning of a prisoner be
fore. After it was over, he expressed,
in strong terms, his abhorrence of the
act, and it was finally concluded by the
party that they would never burn any
more prisoners; and to this resolution
he himself and the parly also, it is be
lieved, ever afterwards scrupulously
It is not less creditable to the human
ity than genius of Tecumseh that he
should have taken this noble stand,
and by the force and eloquence of his
appeal have brought his companions to
the same resolution. lie was then but
a boy, yet he had the independence to
attack a cherished custom of his tribe,
and the power of argument to convince
them, against all the preconceived no
tions of right and rules of warfare, that
the custom should be abolished. That
his cflort to put a stop to this cruel and
revolting rite, was not prompted by a
ny temporary expediency, but was the
result of a humane disposition, and a
right sense of justice, is abundantly
shown by his conduct towards prisoners
in after life.
SlNGt r.ATl rt-LFILMEXT Or A TltRKAT.
It was Tecumseh's darling project to
unite all the tribes of the Soi:th and
West in the defence of their lands. To
accomplish this he visited, personally
every tribe, engaging each in his plans,
and "tlx ing a day when a blow was to
be struck, simultaneously, along the
whole-of the confederacy which he
sought to establish.
On his return from Florida, he went
among tho Creeks in Alabama, urging
them to unite with the Scmincles. Ar
riving at Tuekhabatchcc, a Creek tow n
on the Tallapoosa river, ho made bis
way to the lodge of the chief called the
Big Warrior. He explained his object,
delivered his war-talk, presented a bun
dle of slicks, gave a piece of wampum
and a hatchet, all of which the Big
warrior took. When Tecumseh, re a
ding the intentions and spirit of tho Big
warrior, looked him in the eye, and
pointing his linger towards his face,
"Your blood is white : you have ta
ken my talk and the sticks, and the
wampum, and tha hatchet, but you do
not mean to light ; I know the reason :
you do not believe the Great Spirit has
sent me: you shall know: I leave
Tuekhabatchcc directly, and shall go
straight to Detroit : when I arrive there
I shall stamp on the ground with my
foot, and shake down every house in
Tuckhabatchcu." So saying he turned
and left the Big warrior in utter aina;e
ment, at both his manner and his threat,
and pursued his journey. The Indians
were struck no less with his conduct
than was tho Big warrior, and began
to dread the arrival of the day when
the threatened calamity would befal
them. They met often and talked o
vcrthis matter, and counted the days
carefully to know tho time when Te
cumseh would reach Detroit. The
morning they had fixed upon, as the pe
riod of his arrival at last came. A
mighty rumbling was heard they all
ran oiit of their houses the earth be
gan to shako; at last, sure enough,
every house in Tuckhabatchee was
shaken down. The exclamation was
in eery mouth: "Tecumseh has got
to Detroit !" The cli'ect was elee
trical. The message he had delivered
to Big wairior was believed, and many
of the Indians took their lilies and pre
pared for the w ar.
The reader will not be surpiised to
and in exact fulfilment of his threat. It
was the famous earthquake of Madrid,
on tho Mississippi. Wc received the
foregoing from the lips of the Indians,
when we were at Tuckhabatchee in
1827, and near the resielence of the Big
warrior. The anecdote may thcrc!r,;"
be relied on. TcCiimsch'a object,
doubtless, was, on seeing that he had
failed, by the usual appeal to the pas
sions, and hopes, and w ar spirit of tho
Indians, to alarm their fears; Utile
dreaming, himself, that on the day na
med his threat would be executed with
such punctuality and terrible fidelity.
A nation must be truly blessed, if it
were governed by no other laws than
those of this blessed book; it is so com
plete that nothing can be added to or
taken from it; it contains every thing
needful to be done, it all'ords a copy for
a king, and a rule for a subject ; it gives
instruction and counsel to a Senate ;
authority and direction to a magistrate ;
it cautions a witness ; requires an im
partial jury, and furnishes a judge with
his sentence ; it sets the husband as lord
of tne household, and the wile as mis
tress of the table, tells him how to rule
and her how to manage.
It entails honor to parent?, and en
joins obedience to children; it pre
scribes and limits the way of sover
eigns, the rule of the ruler, and authori
ty of the master; commands the sub
jects to honor and the servants to
obey, and promises tho protection of
its author to all w ho walk by its rules.
It gives directions to weddings and for
burials; it promises food and raiment,
and limits the use of both; it points out
a faithful and eternal guardian, to the
departing husband and father ; tells him
with whom to leave his fatherless chil
dren and in whom his widow is to trust,
and promises a father to the former and
lit huslmnd to tho latter. It teaches a
! man how he ought to set his house iu
! order, and how to make his will.
It defends the right of all and reveals
vengeance on the defrauder, overrci
cher and oppressor. It is the first book
and the oldest book in the world. It
contains the choicest matter, gives the
best instructions, that affords the grea
test satisfaction and pleasure that ever
were revealed. It contains the Let
laws and profoundest mysteries thi
ever were penned. It brings the kst
tidings, and affords the best comforts to
the inquiring and disconsolate. It ex
hibits life and immortality, and shows
the way to everlasting glory. It
is a brief recital of all that is to come.
It settles all matters in debate, resolves
all doubts, and eases the mind and con
science of all their scruples. It reveals
the only living and true God, and shows
the way to him ; and sets aside all o
ther Gods, and describes tho vanity of
thent, and of all that put their trust in
The Human llui.
The mean weight of the heart in the
adult, from the L'oih to the tiOth year,
is, according to Bonllcvnrd, from eight
to nine ounces. The dimensions are
as follows: length from base to apex,
five inches six lines ; breadth at the
bare three inches. When the ear is
applied to the chest, says Dr. Dunglisop.
a dull, lengthened sound is heard, which
is synonymous with the arterial pulse :
this is instantly succeeded by a sharp
quick sound like that of a valve of a
bellow s or the lapping of a dog. There
is then a period of repose. The first
sound appears to be produced by the
contraction of the ventricle; the second
by the rtllux of the blood against the
semilunar valve. These are what wo
call the sounds of the heart. Amer.
The English pay great attention t
the travelling on "their railroads, yd
many accidents still daily occur, 'in
an investigation before a Coroner's in
quest, Mr. Duncan, one of the witnes
ses said : We made an experiment to
day, and ot the sjot where the accident
occurred, whilst we were going at the
rato of 40 miles an hour, we were able
to stop the engine in 15 seci iids, and
within the range of ti yards; if the
rails were even wet tho engine might
bo stopped in the space of Irom 150 to
ltso yards. In extreme cases 500
yards, the distance to which tho com
pany's drivers were limited, is a very
iarsj latitude I should never rcquiris
more than 200 yaids to stop the ens1'