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THIOLS OF Till: " AMKUICAS."
HENRY D. MA8SER,
orrlCE IS MAKKKT ITNKKT, K EAR BttM.
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From the Lndy't llimk.
Oh Let Mc Weep.
"She hnd borne a kindness coldly, and to those
wlio knew her not she npprarrd doctituto of sensi
bility ; but on being addicsscd kindly by ono whom
she loved, alio burst into tears " Old Tale.
Oh ! 1. 1 me werp and chide mc nut
Hear with nvi in my giicf !
Long will il bp pre I shall know
Again such sweet relief.
Thv tone of melting tenderness
Fell stnngoly on my soul,
And slitred the waters of thy heart
13eyond my weak control.
I, all unmoved, have btirne neglect,
And deeinpd grief's fountain scaled,
Dot feelings srorn could never move,
Thy teudi rntss revealed.
The cloud in their fierce wrath nuy bur.-t
Above the desert land,
And leave no trace of ful'cn showers
I "poll the burning s.iud.
Dul let the breeze move o'er the waste,
Where l ate the stoim did lower.
And sand, that mnk'd the raging ruin,
Will own the zephyr's power.
And thu I calmly could have bune
Cnkindiics?, e'en from thee !
liut oh ! my heart is ad unschooled
'To love or sympathy.
Oh ! check not, ihm, t'10 ling pent drop,
but I' t them flow the wh lo,
Eclterto sh d the hi art-felt tear,
Than wear the mirthless smile.
1'i oiit the English Correspondent of the Xcw Yuri;
Ami rial u.
In.?1isli Mines siml lliitlii"..
NEwcAsn.r. i'pow.'I'tne, Agust, 1HJ0.
That man must he insane who should
write a letter at Xewcastle-upon-Tyne,
about any tiling hut coal, lie lias but
one idea coal! One tiling fills his vi
sion coal! Coal is the standard of
v alue, and coal dust the circulating mc
Hum. The houses arc built of coal.
Streets are paved with coal. The in
tabitants live on1 coal. The children
nok as if they were made of coal, and
;ven the white clouds arc black !
What a wonderful region is Durham
tnd Northumberland shires ? The
vhole country is undermined, liiiild
nc;s are erected 700 and (SOO feet below
he surface of the earth, and streets and
jilways running for miles in all direc
tons, arc daily traversed by thousands
cf human beings. Newcastle, with its
qrmlation of 00,000, stands on the crust
rii a suuierranean cuv. rsomo oi ns
(J a subterranean city. romc ol
louses have sunken their foundations i,.
consequence of the yielding of the
ground beneath. 1 he river lync, as
large as the Thames, at London, floats
its commerce over these vast caverns ;
while at Sunderland and other places
on the coast, the ocean rolls its waves
over the heads of the miners. The
chief w ealth of Dui homand Northum-.
bcrland lies hid in the bowels of the
earth, w here a very considerable por.
tioii of the inhabitants pass half their
time. The coal pits open their black
mouths on every hill and in every val
ley. They must be distinguished tar off
by the towering enginery erected over
them employed in raising the coal and
water from the depths below, and by
the piles of the former w hich lie around
in hillocks waiting to be transported to
market. I he country is lined w ith
railways, more abundant than hedge
rows, used in "carrying coals to New
castle." At every half mile, you meet
with the little villages of the pitmen, (as
the laborers are called.) The snug
brick cottages are arranged with regu
larity and taste, each having its petit
grass plat in front, usually decked with
flowers, and its vegetable garden and
fruit trees in the rear. What a contrast
between these smiling though humble
abodes, and the dismal caverns where
lho villagers spend nearly their whole
conscious existence ?
Ureat labor and expense attended the
sinking of the shaft of a coal mine. The
exact location of the strata must lo
ascertained by boring before tho exca
vation commences. This determined,
you know not w hat obstacle you may
encounter from viens of rock or streams
of water in your descent. And, then,
the destruction of human life almost in
variably incurred in these perilous en
terpries ! the gigantic nature of w hu h
may be inferred from the fact that the
shafts are gencrully sunk, to the depth of
GOO to 700 feet, and sometimes to l'-JOO !
(ircat rejoicing often, takes place in the
neighborhood of a colliery when a new
stratum of coal is opened ready for
working. The following w as the mode
of celebrating the opening of the famous
(osfoith colliery, in this vicinity, in
lSv0. It is coined from a publication
put into my Iiui.hU at Newcastle;
AND SIIA3MOKIN JOURNAL.
Absolute acquiescence in the dcriajorw of Ihe
llj .llusscr & IMsrly.
"On the Saturday previous to the
circumstance I am about to relate, the
miners employed in sinking a pit at
llosl'orth reached the coal. Two vcars
and a half had been spent in siiiKin"
this pit, the shaft of which was cut
through 100 fathoms of solid rock; and
therefore the event was consiilmeil n
one of great importance- in the surroun
ding vicinity. Among other rejoiciii"s
wlncli took place on this occasion, was
a ball, which was held in the mine, at
a depth of about 1100 feet below the
surface ! The ball room is stated to
have been in the form of nn I,: its
width 15 feet, base li. feet, and neroon.
dieular 18 feet. The conioanv lo thn
number of two hundred and thirty, of
whom about one hundred were ladies!
began to assemble at the mouth of the
mine at half past nine o'clock. A. Al
and continued to descend the pit until 1
o'clock, 1. 31. Immediately oil their
arrival at the boitom of the pit, each
individual proceeded to the face of the
drifts and hewed a niece of nml n n
remembrance of this perilous expedi
tion, and then returned to lake a part
in the festivities of the ball-room. An
excellent band composed oniiu lx of
miners, were in attendance. As soon
as a siillir icnt number of guests were
assembled, dancing commenced, and
was continued without intermission till
about three o'clock. 1. 31., when they
began to ascend the pit, w hich all of
them accomplished in perfect safety,
highly gratified with the subterranean
amusements in which they had parta
ken. The colliery at w Inch this novel
entertainment took place, is now one
of the most extensive in Northumber
land." The great extent of the coal trade
from this resjion may be imnrincd when
it is known that Newcastle, which is
wholly ensraged in if, is the second port
in the Kingdom in the amount of ton
nacre. The Tync is covered with the
colliers, wafting their cargo to every
part of the globe. As their sails black
en the river, one would think they
were built in the eclipse, and riimed
111. .1.,.. I-Il . .....
uainiiv-sa. iimusiiinv was in 'I I
'odder lor Cattle.
An intelligent farmer in a neighbor-
nig low n has recently communicated to
us tho result ol an experiment which he
P's 'cn trying in the preparation of
us winter louder, and w inch lias pro-
ved highly satisfactory.
lle carted his
salt hay last summer w hen about half
curcd, and as it w as placed in the mow,
mixed with it about an eoual quantity
of oat straw. The consequence w as,
that the hay imparted to the straw a
portion of its moisture, while it received
... .... .
from 'the straw in return an improved
flavor. 1 he (jiiantily of fodder was
thus very considerably increased, and
the cattle eat it with much greater avi
dity than they do salt hay without the
addition of straw. ! armcr s daz.
Iliidding I lie l'car.
That valuable publication, llovcy's
Magazine of Horticulture, gives the fol-
low ing account ol ihe method pursued
by -Mr. llouland, ol lcdlord in bud
ding the pear. "Mr. II. has adopted
budding w ith the terminal eye, and a
small part of the branch; lho bark of
the stock has two nici.-ions made simi
lar to the one made by building: the
scion is pared down on one side, and
the whole is then inserted under the
i i ii ... i.
iiaiK, and Pass mailing or yarn applied
in the usual manner. liy this method
considerable time is gained ; the opera-
tton may be perlormed in July, and a
strong shoot will Lo made tho same
Au i: oi' Lint:, l' rum a piece on
land, w hich five years since produced
only thirty bushels, Mr. Caldwell, of
alley township, l a. has llus year iai
sea lour hundred bushels ol w heat. In
this interval of live years, Mr. Caldwell
lias spreau on mis land hlteeu hundred
i . .. I. . i r i:
uusucis oi nuic
This valuable material is most easily
separated I ruin the various substances
with which it is usually mixed, when
taken from the hive, by tying in cloth
of loose texture, am! then being placed
ma keltle ol boiling water. .'ii pres
sing this bag of comb below tho surface
the wax rises to the surface, where it
should be skimmed oil' and poured ina
vessel ol cold water standing by. ly
repeatt d pie-sing or sum u; ing ol the
1 hp nuclei th-waier. ih wax will all
maj.dy, the vital principle of Republics, f,m which
Simbm j , oi U.,iKI a,., C o.
and saved free from dirt
When Well maim. red
of any kiu
wax forms no inconsiderable pari of
the bee-grower's profits.
Emm Illici t Cti lira far.
Odd mid I'ihIi.
ortK nay r.K s.w.TKn. lwirnct'i.Mii.v
nm liArox, wniKn r iiAitisr.i.s. Nearly
all tho western pork is sailed in bulk,
that is, piled up in one corner of a r i
Lea piled brick, and sprinkled with
I . . I . . .. . I
rt' c-i i ..,,.11 j i i. i
J V,l 1 1 J II L I 1,1 IN II I MM IT.
losee mat Hie salt touches all parts. J
IICVIM' fill li..(l..i- .1 .1.... I .
.,,,, in, hi in. ii m.itie
in this way. w ithout ilmnnf nietl.v
t .KK uieni ina Hour liarrel, m clean
hy ashes or charcoal: head no iln
I i.i t-n ' I .in, i.ni ii i... ..I.,:..,. .. 1
...... iT miM miiii; ii is
Irv, and as cool as possible.
PlCKt.RP 1 KKK AM) 1'ollK, in the South
and west is apt to sour. Take it out
and smoke it dry, throw away the old
pickle, or cleanse it by boiling." Smoke
the barrel thoroughly and re-patk the
Jlon't throw away the I ppkr of your
beef cow. Salted. "m..l . ' -- '
it is rich, delicious eatinir. 1'oil and
eat it like cold ton-'tte. Try it.
Laud never spoils in warm weather,
if it is cooked enough in frviiii; out.
lot u A ttkii thoroughly m
colli water, ami worn out all lhe liutter
milk : pack it in a stone jar ami slop ihe
mouth air tight, and it will keep sweet
Ti'M.uoKs make an excellent pre
serve. Swket ou Oi.ivk On. is a certain cure
for the bile of a rattlesnake. Apply
it internally ami externally.
To Cl UK Sell Tt I IKK OX A IIoUK.
ii. i .i i .
II t t .III!
v asn i i io legs in warm strong soap
ri.us, and then w ith beef brine. Tw o
aiplicatioiis w ill cure the worst case.
. lump 01 oaieratus or real iasii,
i. i j ii 1 f i
1.1!. - .11 : I . I
riocieu lino uiu jnpu l a pon nil or
llustleows, two or three times, will cure
.i ' ii i I
m incuiauie disease.
-, r i ti i i
von; iMt.M. Mioiiiu iiuvn oi; yioium
i- :. .1 . - . !.
vuiv i ue. ii i tires c 1 en ess oi ii.
,n .. ' .i.i ., . .
1 fy l COaTSC. 1 Ills 1SII1C SCCICIWIIV
wpstrrn 'doilo-ers" ni r. sso rroriil.
K U K is olten over-uoileil. It never
should be boiled in more water than it
will absorb while boiling. I'ut two cups
of IJice m three cups ol water, ami m
eight minutes alter it commences hoil-
ing it is done
(loop Nkws koh tiik Wiiai.f. It is
said that a new material has been dis-
covered in England, for burning in the
various Kinds of lamps. It is called the
"a therial oleiue," and can be purchased
at two thirds the price of the finest
i . . . . . .
sperm oil, and will burn twenty-four
hours w ithout clogging the lamp, or re-
Kkwaro or Inokm ity. Mr.Durden
of the Troy Iron Works, has invented
an ingenious and valuable piece of ma
chinery for compressing and giving form
to the ball iron, as it comes glowing
from i he furnace
Il is intended as a
substitute for trip-hammers, and does
its work instantly. 1 he inventor sold
the patent right for Scotland alone, last
week, for iJv.-,000.
lrti:.T.L 1'kO.MISKS. If a paiTIll
make a promise to a child, it should be
strictly performed, however trivial ;
and a child should never be told a false-
hood, even in the most trifling matter.
.I. i .i .i.... i .i i-iil
unless tue oujeci ne io teaen mu hum
equivocation and falsehood, and totrain
him up for the penetejitiary or the gal-
from mc Albany VnH.tiilur.
I he way to maixe
a man's home
more pleasant ihan any other place, is
that he should endeavor to please his
wife, and accommodate her with every
convenience, that she may have his
meals, ccc. prepared w ith the least pos
mMo attention and labor, i here shotiit
I . .ii . i
or; L'ood water near at nanu, an ai uuo
wanteil every few minutes; a hotisi.
well planned, and every thing so arran-
g d as to facilitate her operations;
hence the necessity of her having eve-
ry convenience to direct her servants
in the performance of this three turn s
a day business, of ail others ihe lea-t
animating, as it is never done ; she wi
as she ought, enjoy her husband's smiles
of approbation for her attention and
good management, and aIo partuki.
wilh linn o the good things prepaid
by her caic ; ct ihis U ofien In i prill
.i . ..
cipai inii'iii'aaii' n. lor a sa:,n. ii i-
re is no appeal but to force, tho vital primiplo
Saturday, January !!, ls.
in her employment, which continues
Dul the husband has many things lo
stimulate him to exertion. Sometimes
popularity, or a prospect of gain.. If a
larnier, his growing crops; (he increa
sing llirifiiness of iiis stock; and more
than a!!, the amount f annual receipts
arising from a well condnclcd farm, all
coinbiiie In eiicour:i'c him ainl lirlii,.n
hold ali'airs well arranged is thereby
iii;iiiois: ins wi t: navni" her limise.
i..i i i
1 I ii I I ; 1 1 ( I 1(1 SSK III 1 U I 1 1 'VI l!l 1 1' 1 1 ! l
it . . .
business, by having her part reMilarlv
C l" . 1 t'i 1 . ,. .
i ciioimeii, esiau is 1 1 1 1 1 r a union ol m-
i.rvt 1 . .....,... 1 1.'. .,n....i: i.:..i.
. . . v. - . I. . r IIIIIJ Kill t II'MI, II.I
ncvi-r : I.. ... I .. I, .1.1..
Hut as im.iiev a .mo w ill n..i nml..
h.mi nli iw.n.i u'iilw.m
i-. .... i Ii , 1
inline oi ii. ami as c all have api'C-
lues ami senses to idease. I he neccssitv
of planting around our dwellings a va
riety of best fruits is obvious to every
one, such as w ill furnish ihe kitchen and
(able wilh a succession all the year; al
so a portion of ihe grounds should be
uitably planted with ornamental trees.
a part evergreen, and a part with V' -i
.- . m v. . mc itirnier oy their
dense "recti leaves protect from the
north-western blast, and their lively ap
pearance beguile the gloomy aspect of
winter, whilst the broad leaves of the
latter r- anted alon-i the avenues, a Ion
a sha-.o from the scorching sun.
The y itiV-t mill t; itden liny I e iidorni d wilh tl -w-
i"s to 11,'inn ill !-ucre-i:.iiii h1! ilie M-nH'li, but to nt
t.iin both profit and plmsure frmn f 1 11 i ' s ninl fluw
i rs, !icy sh mid be 1 1 inted in a c; il KorneAh.it rich,
ar.d rriciu- reuul.ily iluiini; the fiMiiner wasin.
KUfl'icient cultivation to in:ike t'le Rr. imd mellow
and fu c fruiii we. ds these, together w ith r,ood
I'.irin crop-, will rci ib r u ni iii imb p n lent ; he vi
sits bis tielhbiir more from duty or nic.s-ily than
pleasure ; lu ei.j.iy more ut home. A family thus
ituated ba-i grcut c.iusc to bo thankful to u kind
proviji-nce, f .r blessing tu-otowed, and they huld
i.o vcv minimi. :.b.,t ...n iiiLT n hrtinp thin iiiinrn.
VCl)i if lnil,,t. of h, lho ,wn loll of life ; a
,nnv ,irt.y uiiHcttie and unlit tin nwve. at
,:.,. ..i..n ... .i ,.. .i..,t,i., , .i .i;
I 1 '
.....i: ,UIU.W frm nl! , P. , . r
i .. ... t. ....... ...
MIH - .rcic.illi.il. 4VIIU 1 .-l.1Ll.MI,. .H.
Cluiriiiunt Xurfcries, nrnr Haiti mure, .Vyi. Is 10.
Emm the Alhm i Cultiriiltir,
Sattn&se Making; .
should you think our m ule of making aiunt;ia
woith a place in jour chapter on ilomeotR- econo
my, you c hi place it there
Wc piepare our .au-"i!e meat in the ihu.i1 way.
Then iiiftead of putting Ihe mint in kin., prt-ii-
red from hog' entrails, we make b.iRif white
clean cotton or linen cloth, as large, a iv as a iniitiV
urm, 1 truer or unaller im may uil, and of conveni
ent 1, UL'ih, M.iy about a foot lone, mi1' Pll( the sail-
iene meal in these bags, and hang them up to dry.
In this way, we 8 we miuh labor in prepaiinit the
tkins, and considerable in conkii'!'; wc .-lin olFthf
, ,. , ( AvA j , tlll. g,.luSi,R0
into trlicr of KUilieient thickucy for cooking. I
much r, fei sausage put in hag to th c put in
kUiiiM, us they keep more umUt. Oihem, fur the
name reason, dislike them. K. sm etl'uliy yours,
Plymouth. (Cum.) S,j,t. 17, IS 10.
To m ike good cikes, tlie flour iiiu-l lc good ;
not that eoaisc black compcim I, which fcnmc times
pasxM utidrr the name of llurkwheat fi or. but
which owes origin to lho slovenly uathering of
ttiA m oil ml.l i,io:prn..-t Itotl fir Iwl.tlo ! r illill lor.
Mi a .mart of flour with a I int of lukewarm milk,
(kii10 r,.r,r WllU.r ) M a lti, Cl,v o( yn(t BI1,
M., it itI , w,irill ,.i.liro lo ri P. . .t experience
Wll) u.M.h ,11)U.C M , uua,e ,hu H.i,,t
of yeast and riii (., as lo have cakes wet nt cveuinn
(i)f ,ri.kf.is,t um ; m.ing fir mpper; for
,,e it r..,,,..,11iri.,i. tbo ewho bme ih.e light cakes
for a ftw n.eal , will wi h d.llieu'ty come back to
cold bread. Yli. II the cake aic light, tall is added,
(-ome)ut il in at lho makii g.) and should the
cake .oui, a hi lo s.oxi tils iliof,l in mdk and
stirred in, will improve tin iu jmu li. A final! ipi ui
t it v I ft in the vessel, a stone ot is be-.t, will s. rve
us )ea l for the oieceednig mixing. 'J'I.ey miy lie
baked or I no! ; emu as biead with meal, oi with
I utter and siigai. il.
Tiik Ittsi.iiT nr A nv r.u risi .. A mcuhiiit
lately adverti e.l, "A boy wau'ed." .i l iijoining
lie b lind a baiiilhox al bis Join, wiilt ibis inscrip
tion "How will A viie unsw i !' tin oK-niiig
he found a chubby pociin -ii of what be ttm!nl.
w.irn.ly d. nu up in ll iuiiil ! I'.j: I'lijnr.
Tit E I. in. isr l,.tKK.-'l'lie Ca-piaii sea bclwcrn
Kurope. and Ai. U the ).iigel b.ke in Ilie moiI.I.
luaica is I '.OIUKI sipi no lu le-'. Il is a leiuiik j
ble fact lb it the su laee of lli.s Ukc U 300 l.cl UloW
the sulfate of tin. occaii.
I .N0Kit. -Aeioidiug to the te un of the
iii.ush.di t lb. Li, ituua, lUie aie ui Mnouu
1 i. .til pi ii,. n nn ."0 rar. "I ;-e win " -nil t
i M 11 't - ,1
mid immediate parent of despotisma r.i rr.aso.
Vol. I . XVIII.
.ov liKMHt's n i:ss k. i:,
To ti Knotr niul House if lirprenrntiitivri cf the
Commonweal: h of I'ciitifylrunia.
C VonelaJid. )
It i computed that lho tax which will be render
ed availabln under lho act of tho llih Juiip, IfiKJ,
cntillpil "An act lo create additional revenue to bp
applied towards Ihe payment i f ioterrM, ami the
extinguishment of Ihe debt of tho Common-
wrnlth," will amount to about f I'lOO.OtlO. Thr miiii
which will be raised under this Act, logether wilh
the other risoiin ca of the 'niumonwc alth, will mo'-t
probably liipi'il.vo the inteiest aecount, without fur
ther re-nrl to lo nn for that purpose. This act is
to continue in force five ycr.t, and provider such
a tule f r Ihe ass. (.anient r taxes, aa to fall wilh
gentle weight on lhoi,o who uro li'llo aide to bear
any addition to their expenses. 'I he mlii'.-s taxed
are those purely of luxuiy, aitch as gold vvatih. s,
plea tire cnriagra, hoiiHeliold furniture exccciling
in value three hundred dollars, together with !oiiiIh,
bills, and note of soent obligors, bank slock nr
Ktnck in other corporation", yielding dividends of at
leant one per Cent, salaries of public offiVi rs, and re
al e lute. AllhnuiOi ihis net undoubtedly operatps
wjth cen idrrablo haitUiip upon lltoso who fall
within re ich of its "- '
inn;, su'j.cleil lo eiy little eoiiveuii ne.', tor in
in. si iii-l.niccs they do not l I ng lo the poorei
clas.sis, on whom taxation Uou dly falls with tho
moi pi culi it severity.
'J'o imposo taxes on any elaa of our fellow cili-
zi i.s is not very ngrerablo, nor very populai luk ;
bul win ii, as in this c.is , the h nmr, and the fidelity
of l'ci, list Iv.niia mu-t Ic sacrificed, or a tax of Ibis
kind beei, dun d, there are fetv, very f. w men in the
'oinnioi, wealth worthy to bo ranked among Uei free,
inlilgeiil and upiight cili.i-ns, win will shiink
fiom thiir share of tho bunion, Winn, lo i, it is
known that those who recommended, and who sitie
tiom d the bill impo iog Ihe tax, are no m ire ic
spodsible f ir the nceessily lli'it compell. d a ics nt to
ii, than any of those who aic to pay it, the folly
and ioji. slice of tho 0 who would coiiib mil, arc
rendered still more conspicuous. I found Ihe debt
upon which this interest was to he. p iid in existent c,
when I a,sumrd tho functions of the Executive,
and found nothing ro pay it with. The Treasury
was exhausted, and no means left to nitet this re
sponsibility but fuilher loans, a sale uf the improve
ments or taxation. The first two wcro impraclici-
ble, and 1 was driven by stern necessity In the adop
lion of the latter alternative. I saw but one pa h beloie
me open to pursuit, and that was the path of duty
I iccoimneiided taxation ; that recommendation was
adoi ted by the I.i ci .l.iture, and il is a source of
pn ud garulicatiou to mc, when I consider tint Ihe
peoj In of I'cnti-ylviiuia, ul nost to a man, so fnr as
I have been informed, with a tirinncss und pa'riol
i ni worthy of ihemselies, have yielded to ibis uece-
hiiy witi.out a muniiiir or repining. I let 1 fully con
tim ed, that ut tho expiiatiou of ihe five years at
farthest, with a reasonable degree of prudence, and
w ith strict economy in the management of our af
l'.tiis, the income ofoui improvements will render a
renewal of this law wholly uiiiieee-..-ary.
If any dill'ciPi'ce of opinion exist, as to tho ne
ci s.-ity of this lax, let iIip.-c questions be answered
by those objecting : D.ios not Pennsylvania owe
Ihis debt! Is she Hot mornly and leg illy bound to
pav it and its interest, as il falls due ? Can they
point out any oilier mode by which this can be done
You, however, have conic dircc ly from the pet
pie, and aio supposed best to know their opinions
on this us well as nil other su'jecls ; and ifyoudif
ft I in opinion with rnc on Ihis important subject
all J think the tax ought not to have been laid, it is
yur duty to reped tho law instantly. J"o part ul
the tax has yi t I -cell collected. .Seeing no other
mod of citiiclinj lho Comiiunwcalth fro.n tho
dillicultirs in which I found it, my view and opin
ions remain unchanged. Vtt if the immediate re
onsenl. lives of tin) i.eoolo ihii.k proper lo repeal
the law, and can suh-lilule any other mode less oh
jeetiouable, whith will promptly meet the exigency
be it so; the responsibility rests with lhv.it.
I C4ii never consent, by word ur deyj, to couule
nance lho idea that the faith of the State can bovi.
laled by a failure lo meet her engagement.-.. If lime
le any iu our country who would be willing
liny wc.-e able, lo abiogale the, contracts, of the Com
liiouwea'lli, and be fatbitss to her criJitois, b
thi ir doeliiiie bo distinctly avovvcJ and tba issud
laiily made up liloro the vople, 'J'hu iuti liijeiite
mid integrity of our citizens would speedily convince
the World, that Ibey feel tho ncces.-iiy in a repuh
beau government of iu mil lining, Unsullied, pub
f iii It and national honor.
The dificiency in the fund wt apait for Ihe pay
iiient of ll o iutcrc.-l ou the publ.c dtbl falbui due
on ihe lt of I'tbruary next, inu.-t lo promptly pi.i-
i.bJfor. by ihe act ul' tho c!cciiih June last
lho Uernol is authoiixcd to procure it ou loan,
and for ihil purpose propos iN lrve Ihvii invited;
whether the money can be protuicd 1 know Hot;
and in ca-e il cannot, I ten no other mode left to
avoid the dishonor of ill" state credit, lul the sale
ol a si.tliiient amount of the sloik owned by I Uo
Stale, ill one or the other, or all of the hawks iu
which she is iuteiitslid. The S-latti uuiii lho fol
lowing amount ol slot k iu each of I'.io I aok u in.cd,
si: II ink ol i'tuusy h 4iii4 U.iiO sl.aies; 1'hiladtl
phia liai.k o33 ihaits ; l'arii.tr'u and .Mttluiot's
Hank I "" sbaie.:. Tht ito.a would moot piolu
I ly i.iuiu.iud 4 itudy sdt ; sod I do in tt ui.ieitlv
b-p. ilt !)( i 1 1 will bi If.', ' tloi. 'lo-p...- l' b
I'UH lis of ADVI.Ill IS;.
t nqnare I inwrliiin,
I do 3 .lo
I do 3 d.i
li.'ry iibirqiient incrli. n,
- 0 S.n
Yearly AiWer liemenln. (with Ilia privilege ol
alleriuiojf) one column $2b half column,
three iuan a, f I S j two f-oiinreg, f 8 ; one quare,
". W ithout the privilege of alteration a liberal
di.-coiint will bp made.
AdveitiwmeiitH tt without dirpctiona aa to tho
leinjlh of lime the are lo he publi.hed, will be
continued until ordered out, and charged accorJ
inplv. Cj-ixtenn line make a fquare.
blot upon lho fai .h und honor of tho State ia efl'oc
tually guarded Bgiinsl, by the prompt action of thn
In my last annual mrssa, the question was dis
tinctly presented to 'ho Legislature, whether Ihe
work then in progre. g should be prosecuted to im
mediate completion or not, and the question was hy
them determined iu ihe allirmntivp, and the aum of
600,000 appropriated to each of what has been U
xually denominated the main lines i and tho woiks
being o far progtossed in, aa to warrant the expec
tation of their being completed in an other year, all
will now concur in the opinion, I presume, that
provision should be immediately made for lho com
pli lion of the unfinished woiks as soon a poasi-
A judicious and immediate Appropriation prompt
ly made in autii ipntion of lho usual aphroprintion
bill, specifically for lho works under contractfor
i'nc complctinn of the rrsprvoirs, at each end of tha
I'oitage ta.l road and fur oulinary repairs, is im
rcriou ly called fr, and enable the contractors to
complete the whole, and have them ready for uso
by the ejiening of ihe navigation in the spring of
IS 12. The vast importance of the immediate com-
pb lion of the main lin ,u ,,,c r,"l'
mediately intf rested iu them lo the fiscal inter-
s oi i ne i omm nwcltli, carruot be too strongly
res id itjM.it your alteniion. They will complctn
eoiiiinunicatiou between the great lukes, and our
ommcrcial melropolia. They will also, by a prop
er arrang mrni with the authorities of Now York,
ormect our improvements with those of that grpat
oinmoiiwpallli, thus af!,n,IinR an opportunity of
exchanging llu producls of ihe two state, en
streiigthemiig mc i...n.i., ..t ... .
'hey will alo add largely to the rerpnue on tho
oiks now in use.
Whatever dillercners of opinion miy hsvp existo l
as 1 1 the policy of commencing the Rrie Hxtcnsi n
and North Uranch Canals, thcio ought to In' nono
now as lo their speedy completion. They arc near
ly finished, a comparitively small sum is necessary
to complete them, and the policy of a continued and
protracted delay in completing works, which the
sta'e is pledged to accomplish, until the first work
done upon them haa become useless from decay,
has proved disastrous and ruinous on many occa
Tho course heretofotp usunl, of nPgtrctins to ap
propriate a sufficient aum for repairs, and that early
in the scs-ion, has been seriously determined to tho
interests of tho Commonwealth. At the last ses
sion the Commissioners stated that the lowest csti-
iit ile require! fi 00,001), and the Legislature appro
priated roOO.OOtl, a great portion of which was ats-
v debts then due. The result has shown that tho
Commissioners were right. Tho fund has long
since lieen i xaus'cd. The necessary repairs havo
not been completed. Those who have been engaged
ul them are unpaid, and tho Supervisors are with
out funds to lay in the necessary materials for re
pairs. The rep.tiis on the lines of Canals in use
should ordinarily be mado lit winter, when thpy
would not interrupt ihe UiO of the Canal ; and it
has usua'l happened that before the arrival of win
ter, ll e i llb-ers have no means at their command,
and no appropriation bill is passed until late in tho
session. The whole system of repaiis in conse
quence of the uncertainty of tho time of paying tlu
workman, and those who furnish materials, cost
the Commonwealth much more than it would do
weie the mean of payment, ample, certain, ami
promptly up, bed.
Tho Heaver division of lho Pennsylvania Cuna
is already connected with tho public improvement
of Ohio, by the I'rnnsylvunia and Ohio Canal,
woik which his been completed by individual en
terpiize, aided by puMic appropriations from boti
Suites, and bids lair to bo a valuablo tributary I
our public impiovements, and a profitable invc.'
incut lor lho stockholders. It has been accompli!
t-d nt a leas cost than any other work of the kin
which I have visited, and is a monument of tl
wisdom ol its projectors, and of lho skill, prudenc
and economy ol thoso charged with lti cortbtru
I respectfully recommend to the Legislature, ll
enactment of a law nullioiiziug tho Canal Cumin;
biuiicrs ia treat with lho authoiilie uf New Vol
for su. li j connection of oui internal improvetnei)
with theirs, as will best p-oinolo the inteiest of I'
two Commonwealths. Tho law should limit t'
terms and conditions-, and define lho power and a
ihoritie of the Commissioners in such manner
on dtiecousitlcialiou shall be deemed proper.
The inb rests of the Commonwealth would a:
1 he advanced by intrusting the same Itoard wilh t
power of sailing, or leasing, wa'er power created
our internal iuqf oveim ills. There are at ma
iiits, and in very advantageous situations, surp
quantities of watt r, which could bo profitably y
ed to various branches of nvatiufoctuie, without
jury to the duo slipp y ol our canals. The t IU
our public iinpioveiiti uts would be increased (ht
by, and a corn.idt rablo uiu realized from such .
liy au act of the seventh Apiil, IS3., a guara
wa ma lo ou lho pail of the Stale, lot lh paym
of an inteie.t ol" live per cent, twenty-five y.
till f :0,00, of lhcc it l sttnk ft lb Uald iii
and Spiinj Cre. k N at i.itiott company, and b
sul ..equetil set the !Stal has aiuto .uUtnbeJ f
OtU) lo ihe slock ol ihf tuuipaiiy . Tito whole ol
wo. k u ioinpUlcJ and an active ojieiaUon, ix
'br li ! sit iiii!i, "tl whuh ik .ul on thil l ot