Newspaper Page Text
wine *Y, - November 8,1885.
P llo mv r inerrur.mccrs
- The publicat•, on of the REcosTronY costa more
than don le JVV that it did before the war, and
we are coin ,pelted td enforce ii - onipt settlements.
Bills w dl be sent' out to every delinquent,"and
k•" nik that Ulnae receiving them will not delay,
Palm eat. Tom
1: be exPenditures.of a printing office are all
'rash, end we could not if we would do an exten
ded credit business with our patrons.
Protracted credits are-destructive to any busi
ness, but they aro more fatal to publishers than
an others, because of the small MAUR in widely
l'he rti:Posrronx spares no reasonable expense
to meet all the wants of its patrons, and its pub
lishers, alike from principle and neeessity, will
inexorably enforce prompt payment of allaecou;li.
AN WOVR WITH ANDREW JOHNSON•
Editorial Corempondenee, of the Fran 3. 4 Eepotitory.
WASULNGI October 31, 1P,65.
I was of those, iu an humbleway, who
fashioned Andrew:Johnson into a Vice
President at Baltimore—having publicly,
supported his nymination before th&
meeting of the Crinvention and voted for
hint in that body. I have since then had
occasion to complain of my own work,
and. have never :after the inauguration,
been free from grave apprehensions as to
the wisdom of that choice. Differing with
most men who besiege the Executive de
' partntent in this fiery important particu
lar, that the administration has no hon
ors I aspire to, I may differ with most of
them also alike in the frankness 'with
which I counsel, when invited to do so,
' and in the convictions which result from
contact with rulers.
• I found myself here on Friday for the
first time since February last, and during
the 'afternoon of the same day, called at
the White Hoise to see President John
son. I found. the halls, the ante-cham
ber and all-other available spaces around
the Executive room, crowded with a met
ley mass of Men, with an anxisaus female
face here and there giving variety to the
scene—all waiting, and some from day to
day, to gain an interview with the Presi
dent and plead for restoration of citizen
ship and property. Soon the door open
ed and a genteel lady emerged front the
President's room with a large official en
velope clutched nervously in her hand,
and a benignitrof countenance that told
more plainly than words that another cit
izen had been born again to the Republic.
Soon after another and then another
came with like trophies of success, and
as each-one poszsecl out the-mass would
sway toward the door to catch the name
of the next one called. In a little time I
gained admission and had my first inter
view with Andrew Johnson as President.
There are few men who could make a
more favorable impression upon a stran
ger on,first acquaintance, than the Presi
dent. He differs from Mr. Lincoln in most
. external characteristics, and in many con
trasts favorably-. He lacks Mr. Lincoln's
• jolly humor ; improves upon his ungainly
ways ; is vastly more diplomatic, and
wears a uniform and quiet dignity that
would have been shockingly out of place
in his lamented, predecessor, but which
well becomes the Chief Executive of a
great Nation. •He is about five feet ten in
height, rather stoutly and symmetrically
built, has-long hair well silvered by the
frosts of time, rather a cold grey eye that
looks as if in its calmest glances there
slumbers behind it quite enough to quick
en it; a finely chiseled Roman face, usually
sad in expression, at times relieved by a
genial smile, and in manner and dress
serenely plain and unaffected. Such is,
in brief, a portrait of Andrew Johnson,
but two years ago the despised, the reviled
of traitors ; the man upon whose head fell
their fiercest denunciations and against
whom 'were hurled their keenest and dead
liest shafts, and now the President of the
United States with his foes at his feet sup
plicating his pardon, and charged with
. the highest duties and responsibilities ever
imposed on mortal man. •
He meets the visitor cordially, and
speaks in the softest tone and in well
measured sentences. There was little ffir
mality—the usual greetings and thence'
- we passed to questions of graver moment.
However reticent he may be on some is
sues, he seems to have no reseve as to the
policy he conceives to be the true one to
bring back the insurgent States. He dis
cussed the positimf of those _Slides and
their people with great interest-and occa
sional warmth, and with a frankness that
left no doubt as to his purpose. He holds
that they were never out of the Union;
that secession, however accomplished as
a tact, cannot- be accomplished in law ;
that the supreme authority of the govern
ment in those States was not overthrown
_by rebellion, but Simply in abeyance, and
of course it logically follows his premises
that, since rebellion has ceased, the States
resume their Nroper place -in the Union
and restoration is accomplished. This, in
brief, was the stand point front which the
President discossPd the question of recory
struction for more than an hourt and an-_
swered saggeitive objections at times with
an earnestness-that demonstrated how ar
dently he is working to give success to his
policy. I could not but remind him that
.his theory stripped all traitors of the pro
tection they might claim as public ene
mies ; that it would stamp as guilty of
t n 'II the law, every man who
aided the rebel r n, and of necessity de
mand at his hands cotnmen`surate punish
ment for what he must hold as unmitiga
ted crime—as appalling murder and des
olation for which there is no extenuation
to be plead. "-You have," I added, "given
.. us on every hand the Nation's monuments
" of Mercy—where will be its monuments
of Justice - 1 Davis is a proclaimed assas
.. sin, as well as traitor—his agents, have
" died, another (Werze)'will follow—how
" are the principals to atone to a people
doubly bereaved in their homes and in
their chief sanctuary of power l" To
this the President answered with much
animation that the measure of, and the
time for, atonement were yet for the fu
ture to determine. I shall not soon forget
the_emphaais with which he declared that
the South must come back and be a part
of us. and "it must confo," ho. added,
" with all its manhood :I don't want it to
come evisce t iiiffitl of its manhood!" To
this proposition ablitractrY there could be
no objection made. We want the South
with all its manhood, which I would con
ceive to be the Southern people with their
treason abandoned and their crimes pun
ished—trot punished revengeffillY; not in
imitation of the Guillotine of France or
the Inquisition of Spain ; but by making
the leaders who conspired to overthrow
the government, strangers to its honors
and its citizenship and thus through life
the monuments of the power, the justice
and the magnanimity of the mightiest
nation of the earth. The President said
that such may_be the measure of punish
ment : that he had pardoned but few who
,would collie under such a rule . ; that there
are exceptions to all rules, and there were
both civil functionaries and army officers
who might be pardoned with propriety.
He said that he had-not yet gone as far in
his amnesty, either general or special, as
Mr. Lincoln proposed. He explained what
is not generally known, that his pardons
are mainly of business men, tliany of whom
were Union men, who must have pardons
to enable them to sell or mortgage their
lands, or to get credit in their business
operations' ; and added that he had not yet
reached the consideration of such cases as
Lee, Stephens, Longstreet, Beauregard
and others of that class.
He spoke freely of the proposed trial of
Davis, and said that as yet the govern
ment had not taken any steps in the mat
ter. If he is to be tried in Richmoull, the
trial must necessarily be postponed until
the civil authority, is fully restored, and
then it will be a question for consideintion
under the condition of affairs which-May
at that time, exist. As Virginia is still
practically under martial law, certainly
wholly under military rule, I judge that i
many moons may wax and wane before'
we can have a great State trial. Ido not
question the wisdom of this delay, for it
is certainly better for the government to
avoid the danger of defeat iu attempting
to convict of constructive treason in Waih
in-gtom than to force a trial which alight
afford a technical escape for Davis and.
leave the great questions undetermined.
If I were going to guess mitke subject, I
would say that Davis . is more likely to be
paroled during the next year than to be
tried, and if lie is ever .hanged, he must
do it himself. 4 -
The President is clearly adverse 'to con
fiscatien and that question is practically
settled. Whatever might be the views of
Congress, confiscation is not possible with
an Executive determinedly hostile to it
and with the pardoning power iu his
hands. I infer however, that on this
point Congress will harmonize with the
Executive, as a number of even the radi
cal leaders, such as Greeley and Sumner,
openly oppose it. If our credit= can be
sustained otherwise I am content. Five
years hence we shall all be wiser on that
point than now.
believe that the President will wield
all his you to effect the admission of
the representatives of the rebellious States
into Congress during the next session.
The Senate being organized the question
cannot come up there until- it is brought
up in order but there will be n strong
pressure to fqpce the admission of the
Southern members by placing their names
on the roll when the House meets. This
Mr. McPherson will not do, and on 'all
votes of instructions he will call only
those who are returned ffinn States clear
ly entitled to representation. The law
forbids him to do otherwise, and he will'
be faithful to it. The question of their
admission will then agitate the. Houk.
-and I fear make a sad breach between the
President and Congress. The South is
encouraged by the position Of the_admin
istration to be importunate in its demand
for admission, and it is not improbable
that 'it will in the end be admitted. I
have seldom seen Congress struggle against
power and hold out to the end. The his
tory of such conflicts is always dotted
with frail ones who fall by the way. I
.have ever felt that the revolted States
should take no
.part in the government
they vainly sought to destroy until all is
sues arisiVrom the war, and all its
cal results,e should be settled by faithful
men. To the victors, not to the van
quished—to the friends, not to the foes of
the government dues this duty belong,
and if it shall be otherwise, there are ma
ny who will tremble for the safety , of the
On the future of freedmen the Pres
ident talks well.- He displays more sense
than sentiment on the question, and means
to solve the problem fairly as demanded
by civilization and humanity. Of their
ability to win a position that will enable
them to be incorporated into our System
of government as citizens, he is not emi
nently hopeful, but feels that if must be
fairly tried with au open field for the -ne
gro. That failing, he looks upon coloni
zation as the only alternative.
It would be foolish to disguise the fact
that the President, both by word med deed,
disclaims the position of a partiian Exec
utive, and that he is not insensible to the
flattering approval of his administration
by the Democratic party. I do not mean
by this that he is in sympathy and fellow
ship with them; but I do mean that he is
not wholly iu sympathy against them; and
he will, I feel warranted in saying, adhere
to the political fortunes of the Southern
States without regard to political conse
quences. This may or may not sever him
from the party that sustained and cherish
ed him in the darkest days through which
he passed. and that won him the highest
honors of the Nation through a flood of
obloquy; but if it does, I infer that he will
accept the situation. He evidently means
above all other things, to compass the ad
mission of the Southern members and the
complete restoration to power of those
States, and if Mrissachusetts and South
Carolina can strike hands over the same
administration, then will we have a faith
ful President and a harmonious country.
If not—l leave the future to tell the story.
Where in all this record soon to be made
up the Nation-- - shall see that ."treason is
the greatest of"crinies and must be pun
ished," is not to my mind apparent.
A. K. V.'
etie /Franklin Repository, - Octmbtroburi, pa.
Tin full returns of the vote as recei
ved up to the time fixed by law for com
puting the army vote in Senatorial
district, give Mr. Duncan a majority of 25
over Mr. McConaughy, and the certificate
of election was properly awarded to him.
He is therefore prima facia our Senator
elect, and will be qualified and take his
seat when the Senate meets in January
—Our advises from the -77th regiment
leave no room for 'doubt that most of its
members voted, and We rook for a return
in a very few days that will reverse Mr.
Duncan's majority and fairly elect Mr.
McConanghy. We have seen an officer
of the Battery that was connected with
the 77th, who says that the most, if not
all of the companies voted, and that the
State Commissioner hathe returns. He
started North by Cario, while the Batte
ry returned by water, and he may be
looked for daily.
If our information on this point is cor-.
rect as to the vote cast--and we can see
no reason to doubt it—Mr. M'Conaughy
is fairly elected as the full return will-de
monstrate, and on a contest he will be
promptiven - Mr. Duncan's place. If,
however, - the army vote should disap
point us, we are assured that not less than
- 80 deserters voted for Mr. Duncan in the
district in violation of the act of Congress,
and on that ground the Senate would ceri
tainly eject Mr. Duncan in a contest.
Looking over the whole case as it now
presents itself, we feel safe in saying that
Mr. 3l'Conaugby will be our next Senator.
WE give on the first page of to-day's
paper morrect portrait of Henry Werze,
the Andersonville jailor who has recently
been tried by a court martial in Washing
ton for brutality to Union prisoners. He
is of Swiss birth and has made a record as
a monster of inhumanity unsurpassed in
'the - history of crime. His case Is still be
fore the- - President, and the findings and
sentence will doubtless be promulgated at
an early day. We are credaly informed
that the documentary testimony offered
on the trial, which has not been given to
the public. clearly implicates certain high
- officirds of the rebel government in the
deliberate murder of our prisoners, and
this fact has, perhaps delayed action on
his case by the President. If it be true
that he was but an agent, a crehtnre of
other and abler men who Were his supe
riors in authority, all should die or Werze
should live. We await with some solici
tude the official developments of this ap
palling chapter of the war.
How do you like President Johnson's exercise
0 the pardoning power 1 The question is for
you, 3lr. M'Cliire, and you, Mr. Cessna! Where
is your " hemp ?"-kilcilford Gazette. - •
THE B.Erostronr endorsed the 'Presi
dent's pardon of , one of the Gazette's house
rebels, and after that we feel able to sw.al
low almost`anything in that line that May
LETTER FROM GEN. SHERMAN.
At a Union meeting in New Jersey on Friday
tut, Gen. Kilpatrick read the following eharae-
Lunatic letter from Gen. Sherman. It will be
seen that he has nn affitnity with the Democracy:
GEN. ,TUDSON KILPATRICK.— Dear Sir:
have observed IA ith interest your political conflict
in New .Jersey. It is really provoking, hardly
worthy of a serious thought, but rather of satire
and ridicule, the squirming of the politicians call
ed Copperheads, who opposed the war from ev
ery conceivable motive. Some from sheer cow
ardice, others to oppose a political party. Some
because they thought ,we could not whip the
South, and, now that is reduced to a demonstra
tion, have hard work to explain theit conduct,
even to themselves. I have no patience with that
class of men, and believe the people of the South
have more respect for us who .belabored them
soundly, more than the Copperheads, who, nom
their friends, led them deeper and deeper
ttdo trouble. W.' T. SHERMAN, Maj. Gen.
L. APPLETON & Co.;have sent us proof
sheets. of Mr. Buchanan's new work now-in press,
entitled " Mr Buchanan's Administration on the
es° of the Rebellion." It is devoted, as the in
troduction states, to prose that " many grievous
errors were committed by both parties from the
beginning, but the Most fatal of them all was the
secession of the cotton States," and he adds that
" the authorities cited in the work will show that
Mr. Buchanan never failed, ppm; all suitable oc
casions to warn his country men of the approach
ing danger, and to advise theta- -of the proper
means to avert it." He means to establish that
the Abolitions are solely responsible for the war.
When the Nation seems about willing to forget
Mr. Buchanan, it is a singular infatuation that
forbids him to forget his own perfidy. Since he
wills it, we are glad that the book is-to be prin
THE cholera has reach,d this country at tact
'rhe steamer Atalanta, which left Liverpool fur
New Yt;rk, was not allowed- to enter the port of
the latter place on Friday last. It appears that
there hive been fifty or sixty cases of this dread
ful disease on board, of which fifteen proved fatal.
The New York. Board of Health has adopted
sanitary measures to endeavor to prevent the
spread of this pestilence. The accounts Irma ,
Europe describe the fearful panic that has been
created in the Old World-60,000 people bad died
from Madrid alone. The disease was abating,
however, there. In France Rpm raged fearfully,,
but the surveillance over the press there preVent,
en the true facts from being made known. In
England it has not been so destructive of life—at
It;tnit we have no reports stating that it has.
DIERE have been organized up GI the present
time, under the national banking law, sixteen
hundred and five banks, of which number only
one has faded and three have been voluntarily
withdrawn. _ Consequently, there are sixteen hurl:
dred and one now in existence. The limit under
the law has been reached. 'Strenuous efforts,
however, will be made when Congress meets to
get it extendedJin three hundraiLto five him.
dred .S'e l 'eretary M'Culloeh is said to be
in favor of it..
GEO. W. Cllmps, EsQ., of Philadelphia, one
of the most enterprising publishers in the coup
-try, has in press ',coning's_ Pictorial History of
the great Civil War. It will be the most inter
esting orall the many histories now in course of
preparation, and will be profusely illustrated in
the style of the same author's Field Book of the
Revolution. Au agent is wanted for this county.
Apply to Mr. S. S. Shryock. •
"SATURDAY NIGHT" is the title of a spirited
weekly newspaper established in Philadelphia
lately by Davis & Elverson.. It is full of lively
goleip and criticism, and seems as if it might be
permanent and valuable.
IN Virginia there are sixteen national banks,
in Tennessee seven, in North Carolina two, in
Georgia three; in Alabama three, in Mississippi
one, in Louisiana two, and in Texas one—repro.
senfitig an aggregate - Capital .of 114,4114,000.
WE invite attention to the advertisement of a
valuabln.yrnion newspaper for' sale in todaq's
paper. It is a rare chance for an enterprising
Democratic Gubernatorial Nomination—
The Prominent Candidatt—lion. Mois
ter Clymer—Den. Geo. W. Cass—Judge
Parker—Judge Maynurd—Dayor , Vaux.
ant o d f th Con test—Tbe Patriot and
Union 211 ,e
Correspondense of the Franklin Repository.
ILtmasnitc, November 6, 1865
The contest for Gubernatorial nominations will
soon begin with energy. I have in a former let
ter referred to the long roll of names discussed in
Connection with the Union nomination. As yet
there is no manifest Wince - titration of sentiment
toward any one of the distinguished gentlemen
'who will be urged upon the Union Convention.
When the legislature meets in January next, there
will doubtless be various grave caucuses between
prominent Union politicians, and they will give
some definite shape to the movements of the party.
The candidates for the Democratic nomination
are fewer in number and they will maintain their
ground and fight it to the bitter end. One year
agtalon. Ileister Clymer would have been nom
inated without serious difficulty; but lie has con
fessedly lost in the race recently. He will be the
strongest man before the convention on first bale
lot, but his success is by no means certain. He
has occupied the most unfortunate position of be
ing the most prominent man for the nomination
since ISCi3, and all combinations therefore- looking
to the success of any other candidate begin with
hostility to him. Naturally he would carry the
whole North-east, most Of the East, including
Philadelphia, and the interior counties; but the
opposition has resorted-to strategy that looks per
ilous to Clymer. Judgepacker, of- Carbon,
man of princely fortnneLe! generosity, has been
presented by his friends, and will take a number
of the tenth legion counties from Clymer. Judge
Maynard is also brought out and takes another
slice, and Mr. Vaux is finally trotted out,' who
runs off with twenty-two votes in Philadelphia.
All these take just so many votes from Clymer,
and it is not improbable that in the end they will
defeat him. It is a clever piece of political strat
egy, and one which Clymer has no ingenuity equal
to meet. He is a clever man, personally popular,
an able stomper, and "would make a formidable
competitor in a canvass,:' HO was once a Whig
in old Berks, but switched off in 1856, and soon
took a high rank as a leader among his new asso
ciak,s. His political' record since the war is his
vulnerable point, but the time for that is not yet,
Gen. Geo. W. Cass, of Allegheny, will be the
second strongest man, as things now look, on
first ballot for the Democratic nomination. He
is a nephew of Gen. Lewis Cass, once the Dem
ocratic candidate for the Presidency. Ie has
never been in. political life, _although for some
years one of the leading Democratic: twentieths
of the State, He is President of the Pittsburg,
Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad, and is a
practical business man of a very high order, per
sonally very popular, and a man of fine adminis
trative abilities. bike Clymer he has had the
iniSfi;rtune to be a prominent candidate for the
nomination long enough to make new ,competi
tors conspire against him, and hissuccesa is there
fore very doubtful. He would doubtless be the
second choice of many delegates who will be in
structed focothers,' and may succeed if not de
feated by the combinations to defeat the old can,
didates. He has a strong lieutenant in ,lion.
John L. Dawson, his brother-in-law, who 4 one
of the beat Democratic politicians in the State .\
The nomination of Mr. Vaux is not wit:LSO&
range of probability. He is a clever, weak man;
more ornamental than practical, and will not suit
the Democracy for the coming contest He will
be complimented by the vote of Philadelphia, but
will not be able to transfer his own men to a
second choice. Judge Packer is more likely to
succeed if a compromise is resorted to. He is
very popular in the North-east, and deservedly
so, and he possesses fair abilities. He has served
two terms in Congress, but has devoted his en
ergies for ten years past to the coal-business, in
which he has amassed au immense fortune. His
income last yearwas over a 'quarter of amillion.
I do not know that he is urging his osvn nomina
tion, as the movement was started, when he was
in Europe, but I reckon that " Sarkis is willin'."
Gov. Curtin has been at Washington recently .
trying to effect a settlement of the accounts be
tween the State and the general government, and
_last week he was at Erie at the laying of a cor
ner stone of yoldiers' monument.
Thinking it probable that the senior of the RE
POSITORY might-take it into his head to become*
ambitious one of these degenerate days, and
strike for Governor, U. S. Senator or something
of that sort, I started the ball on my own hook
here recently. The chief difficulty Mr.McClure
has had to encounter hitherto in this section was
the spiteful tendency of the Patriot and Union to
speak well of him. Do what he would, it cloud
ed him with its praise, and although I have dis
cussed the unmanliness of such a course frequent
ly with both the trustee, the leading editor, the
subordinates, the foreman, the roller boy, and the
black mail agent who is the chief man of the con
' cern, I never could persuade them to stop.--
They insisted that he was a clever fellow and
they would speak well of him. Understanding
at last that there was a sudden rise in the price
of paper recently that would, considering the
large edition of the Patriot and Union, iocrease
the_ expenses of the establishment forty-seven
cents per week, I resolved to take advantage of
its necessities and strike for the REPOSITORY.—
I therefore called on the man as abov sta
ted, and after three days of most perplexing ne
gociations and the rarest exhibitions of political
diplomacy on both sides, I formally concluded a
treaty offensive to serve the purpose of defensive.
The contract—which you and your readers will
regard as strictly confidential—required the Pa
triot and Union to get up and publish an editori
al of one column and ten lines, to be headed with
the proper name, in which they were to repeat
in the most aggravated term every falsehood they
had ever heard about Mr. McClure, and to crowd
in as many new ones as the space would accom
modals. They are also to publish like articles
as often as I may demand them, and I have the
right to double, treble and quadruple the amount
in any pne number, at any time I may feel like
serving the senior specially. We had much dif
ficulty about the price, but as I was anxious nn
the subject, I finally waived some scruples as to
mut, and agreed to pay twenty-too cents for the
first article; sixteen cents for the second, and
nine cents for each article thereafter; but when
an extra amount is wanted I get an abatementof
fourteen per cent on the bill. Payments' are to
be made prOmptly whenever the Democracy prove
that the war was "but four years of failure."—
On the strength of this contract the concern has
made a loan, and is now likely to worry along un
til the legislature meets, when it can gather up a
few drippings from the lobby and thus extend its
life. I think the first article will be warmly ap
proved by the senior of the REPOSITORY. It
charges him with everything but murder and I
think of having that point worked up fora future
article. Here is a specimen brick of the first
"To tell of his (McClure') adventures la the war would
be wearisome ; to recount the_ sales of captorcd stock
which he attended; the plunder of various kinds which he
"picked up cheap," the contracts in which be bad a hand;
the nice little jobs In which he employed himself while his
sword dangled idly on his hip—a matter of sport for little
boys no well as older persons who saw him swelling along
the street with martial strut. To do justice to half These
things would require more time and paper than we can
spare on such a subject" ,
Considering that said McClure never purchas
ed any kind of government stock, captured or
otherwise acquired; never had a contract with
the governmentln his life; Elver wore a sword
or donned a uniform, and never had any to wear
or dangle - "idly on his hip," you will see the ex
quisite perfection the Patriot and Union has at
tained in its speciality of falsifying. Whenever
any more of the same sort is wanted let me know,
as the parties are anxious to run the contract
vigorously. I hope the senior takes it—it is a
good family paper. ErORACE.
The Soitthern Illembers.of Congress—The
Veteran Reserve Corps The Orttanms.
tion or the Horse--Sale of Government
Property Stopped — Visit of Distingui s h.
ed alanvivanlans—Crime. -
Correspotemee of the Franklin Repository.
NO. mi.) WASHINGTON CM, November 6, lars
A great deal of gossip, argument and specula
tion is just now going on, not only here but all
over the country, in regard to whether Mr. Mc-
Pherson, Clerk of the House of Representatives,
and whose duty it is to organize the new House,
will put upon the roll of the House the names of
the members who will claim seats from the late
rebellious States. That Mr. M'Pherson Will not
place their names on the roll until authorized by
a resolution of the members from the States who
all through the war have been loyal, we know as
asettlet fact. To do so would be an insult to
these members, and to the mass of the people
living throughout the North. Congress has the
power and the right to judge of the time when it
is safe and expedient to admit Southern repre
sentatives to seabs.. This is the view President
Johnson takes, and he has repeatedly said to del
egations from the South that if "they did not do
so and so, he,linew that Congress would not ad
mit their delegates, and tl4 Congress bad power
to receive or reject them." Any person looking
over the speeches he made to these delegations,
some three months ago, will find this in nearly
every speech. Mr. M'Pherson is too loyal and
I honest a man to re-enact the part of the play at-
tempted by one Emerson Etheridge. At the or
ganization of the House he will put upon the rolls
all-members from the loyal States who are legally
elector according to law, and no others. It will
then rest with these members to say whether and
when the Southern delegates shall be admitted.
If they decide to admit them, Mr. M'Pherson will
' fit once titer their names on the roll, and not un
til theni,sheuld it be ten years hence, and Mr.
M'Pherson still Clerk.
The ninth Regiment Veteran Reserve corps
was pa - tried on Friday—according to the order
of the War Department to ascertain who of the
non-commissioned officers and men desired to re
main in thi; service. The Regiment numbers
over four hundred men and out of the whole
number May twenty five were willing to remain
m the service. The officers who are drawing
good pay And nothing to do, all desire to remain,
and iu Many or the regiments are working for
dear lifelo have the order of the War Depart
ment cliantermanded. If the organization can
be disbanded without detriment to the service it
shon4 certainly bellone, since the rank and file
so uiyiniinonzty desire discharge. Whether the
officers will be able to carry their point and re
main iu service, remains to be seen—but we hope
There will be no difficulty and no delay in the
organization of the next House of Representa
t.knits. Mr. Colfax will be elected speaker and
M'Pherson Clerk. Indeed there does not
appear to be any opposition whatever to these
gentlemen. In regard to the other offices, such
as Door Keepers, Post Master, &c., there will
likely be some changes, but as yet we cannot tell
who the lucky men will be, as there is very little
gossip or agitation on the subject.
The government has stopped the sale of Wag
ons, Amburilices, harness, boats and everything
Pertaining to transportation either by land or wa
ter. What emergency has, or is about to rise
causing this sudden action of the government we
are unable to tell. It looks like as if there was
something in the wind, for at the same time we
hear that all the iron dads and war vessels are
to be got ready for immediate service. Unless
England allows all the claims filed in the State
Department against her for the losses caused by
the Rebelpirates, fitted out in her ports, a rup
ture between the two countries will inevitably
sooner or later take place. Toward this the Fe
nians here are looking forward with great glee
and hopeful expectations. -
Pennsylvania haa led off in furnishing excite
ment here during.the last ten days. Curtin arri
ved recently from Philadelphia and McClure. ar
rived the next day from Harrisburg. They had
a protracted, interview with the President on
Friday of last week, and returned to the White
House by appointment on Saturday, much to the
disgust of a host of Southerners waiting in the
outer chambers to be re-constructed. What
transpired at these conferences is not known out
side of the gentlemen who participated, but ru
mor has it that present and. future political af
fairs were discussed with unusual earnestness,
and that McClure gave some specimens of his
plainest saxon. One of the dignitaries of State
congratulated himself that all parties seemed to
be supporting the administration, to which, it is
rumored, McClure significantly replied that "an
administration these days without a party against
itcould not have much of a party sincerely for
it." They also had audiences with the Secretary
of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the-Sec
retary of Wurand the Post Master General, and
McClure was closeted with Stanton on Monday.
Judge Kelly had been here but a few days be
fore, and on Thursday last Cameron. M'Michael,
Kunkel and Cessna appeared and were running
the heads of departments. What's in the wind?
Anything mixed up in Pennsylvania? I looked
in vain for an editorial letter in the last hEroSI,
Torn' to throw some light on the subject. One
of the rumors current is that Senator Cowan will
soon take a seat in : the cabinet; that Cameron
hopes to succeed him in the Senate, by election
next winter for the short teen and thus have the
vantage ground of possession for the long term
in 1867. -
The usual amount of homicides, such as the.
shooting, stabbing, and smothering of women and
_of infants took place the past week.
That business is now a sort of passtime here. It
is carried on for amusement and aided and abet
ted by' our city fathers. They
_like to see the
thing go on for the fun of it if nothing else.Of
course as the thing is so common we don't .
it any more—and when walking round look for
nothing else than to see a murder or stumble over
an abandoned child. s. e.
'OREGON'S WONDERFUL SUNKEN LAKE.-
Several of our citizens returned last.week from
a visit to the Great Sunken Lake, situated in the
Cascade mountains, about seventy-five miles
northeast from Jacksonville. This lake rivals the
famous valley of Sinbad the sailor. It is thought
to average two thousand feet down to the water
all around. The walla are almost perpendicular,
running down into - the water and leaving no
beach. The depth of the water is unknown, and
its surface is smooth and unruffled, as it lies so
far below the surface of the mountain that the
air currents do not affect it. Its length is,esti
mated at twelve miles, and its width at ten.—
There is an island in the centre, having trees up
on it. • No living man ever has, and probAblinev
er will, be able to reach the water's eige. It
lies silent, still, and mysterious in the bosom of
the "everlasting hills," like a hugh well scooped
out by the hands of a giant genii of the mountains,
in the unknown ages gone by ; and around it the
premeval forests watch and ward are keeping.
The party fired a rifle several times in
to the water at an eagle of fo%'-five degrees, and
were able to note several secunde of time from
the report of the guu until the ball struck the
water. Such seems impossible, but it is vouched
for by some of our most reliable citizens. The
lake is certainly a most remarkable curiosity.—
EARRlSBunalicrrember 1, 1565.ED1T0R HARRISBURG TELEGRAM: Dear
Sir :—I give you a complete list of thepfficialma
jorities at the_ late election in Pennsylvania for
Auditor General received by the Secretary of the
Commonwealth and the Union State Central
Committee. No returns for State officers have
been received from Sullivan County, aryl in that
case the official majority for Sheriff has been sub
stituted. From Cameron county no return has
yet been made for
Auditor General, and that
made for Surveyor neral has been substituted.
All the other counti s are as officially returned
for Auditor Gene The soldiers' vote fats only
been partially re ned. When completed, this
vote will increase the Union majority between
one and two thousand.
Yours, &c., JOAN CESSNA,
Chairman Union State Central Committee.
Ated.Gen.V.. .elud.Gen.'63.l 9," I T . ,
5- ,`° I P. .' •'
1 ..4.' a
. , ~, ...t ,„ , , ts
COUNTIES. '...?‘,-, 1 4- 0 -• ..r....1 :,..
I . ' ° llL' ".1 t .-
... t ; Ip,
Adam% 4111 1 1 161 39.5 1 ....
Allegheny I 4,413) 4.510 1 1 ..„ 82;• - •
Armstrong 4'61 1 .3031 f ' 6291--
Deaver ......... .. - 1 334 r 7461 1 - r. 212 1 ....
Bedford. ..IL ' 1 , 13E1 -5031--
Berks. 5,914; 5,152! 762 1-•
Blab- I 664 724, ..._.l . 60,. -• •
Bradford: 1 4,063 2,9391 -• I 11125
Bucks.• 707 , 1 Trl! 3361--
Butler. 1 153 3221 1 IW,--
Cambria 1,L99 1 7:, ,, 91 440 1....
Cameron... 60 75' I, , 15'....
Carbon 1 196' :.04!....
Centre 831, 1891
Chester..,a- .... ... .1 2,354 2,116 1 . .. ~ I 238
Clarion 950' 7901 :1691-
Clearfield SP/ - 740, ' 721--
Clinton 3871 1
Columbia 1,5701 - 1,4161 , 154.
Crawford 1,4171 1,1 i..,. ii.
Cumberland.... 944 1 1 4Z I ! iie,....
Dauphin.- - .. , ..... 1' 87411,6271
Delaware 1,311: 1,301; • . • -1.-- I . i°
Elk. 311,-- I 1 aini , 9 1--•
Erie 11,542 1 1,794 ... ~ I • 252,--
Forest yette I' 1 689'i 3461-
. 1 171 l i'l l, I l 1001 . 7..
Fulton ..ii 1 174 , 109....'
Greene 1,9201 1 ,_. ..1 7141 1,1461. .-
Ilun t ingdos , 6431 ,ff - . 11:
Indiana 11,9401 2,1201
1 791 12201--
Jeffen 71 130....
Juniata 4541 1. I M 2311- •
Lancaster 4,9391 5,366 .4:27. iii
Lawrence 1,4081 1,361 j
Lebanon 832 1,1491 3171....
Lehigh. -1,944 1,053 891.... .
Luzerne 2, 62 1 1 1 907 1,8141....
Lycoming - 9231 1 'WO 717 .. .
. McKean ls2' 133 17
Mercer 3121 8.0 - 1
Mifflin 98' 491 * 4781.. 99
Monroe 1 - ,60 i I 1,509 133 1 ....
Montgomery.... 1,6471 1 I,ox''ocri....
Montour 4711. - 1 374 97.-
No rt hampton.... 2,491' 1,949 542...:
Northumberland. 983! 436 547 ....
Perry 42 1 249
Philadelphia.... ... 2,8011 8,919 6,1181....
-..1 77 71 sr.
1 1 255
Schuylkill. 1,594 1 - , i 834 7601.-
ci l 1,0601 1,1671 107,-
Snyder 339 505 ' 1661....
Sullivan 64 ' ....
S usq u e han na. ... . ..... 1 1,1961 1,285 i M
Iloga. ..., 1,986 2,226! 2401 ....
Union 425 460'
Venango 1 68 1 .W.,5 2571....
Warren &;5 I 763 1681....
Washington-- 4 29 , 2 203 332',....
Wayne 941' 1 ' 369 5121....
Westmoreland.. 1 1,3671 1,007 3601....
Wyoming 191 , 1 471 144 .....
-I 1 -1
, 1 -.---, --,
37,186 -, 1,23 -,81 1 1,9E8 1 . ..
- •-..:___ __ l -1
3,382 121,016 1
Net Upton gains
Deduct Slenker' majority , I 3 , 382 1- •
Union majority a
—Chief Tnctice Chase will soon nuirry.Mies
Wiggin, of Cincinnati. '
—John Mitchel has gone to Richmond to or
ganize the Fenian there.
—Ex-Gen. Jos. E. Johnston has been elected
President of the National Express Co. at Rich
—A. statue of Major Geneial H. G. Berry has
been erected at Rockland, Me., by the Masonic
—The remains of Colonel Ulric 'Dahlgren were
finally interred at Laurel Hill, Philadelphia, on
—The ex-rebel General Hood is said to. be in a
destitute condition. The citizens of San Antonio,
Texas, are taking up subscription to purchase a
home for him in that State. j •
—Henry S. Foote, of Tennessee, way he seen
daily at the Astor Library in New York, engaged
upon the history of the war ; in which he propo
ses to state the abti-Davis side of the internecine
•'—Colonel George H. Cresman has received
from the War Department a commission as brevet
Brigadier-General, for " faithful and meritorious
services during the war," to date from the 13th
of March, 1365.
—A. L. Gass, EN., of the Juniata ,Sentinel,.
has retired from that - paper and taken charge of
the Cassville Seminary. He is an able and fear
less writer, and we wish him abundant success in
his new vocation.
—Col. John H. Taggart his been appointed
Collector of Internal Revenue for the lst district
of Pennsylvania, vice J. Barclay Harding, de
ceased. Mr. E. G. Webb is the newly appointed
Assessor of the district. .
—Hon. Frederick W. Seward, Assistant Sec
retary of State, is now performing his official du
ties in the Department, and has almost entirely
recovered from the effects of the assassin's at
tack. He is appearing quite well.
—Phebe Doty, of Wayne, Maine, is 103 years
old, having been born October 6th, 1762. She is
able to read without her " specs," and has been
fur the last year ; " goes a visiting" to the neigh
bors on fobt, knits stockings, talks fluentlyon most
subjects, and reads more or less every day.
—Rev. Jonathan C. Gibbs, a full-blooded Afri
can, took part in the proceedings of the Presbyte
rian Synod, assembled in Lewisburg, last week.
The Chronicle says be officiated in'one of the
churches, during the Synod, and preached a bet
ter sermon than can be preached by any man who
has been stigmatizing the colored race as a con
nection between man and brute.
—Hon. Charles Miner died near Wilkesbarre
at the residence of his eon, W. P. Miner on Thurs
day evening - last, at 9 o'clock, in the 87th year of
his age. He waa borne at Norwich, COnnecticut,
and when nineteen years old emigrated to Wyo
ming valley. Joined afterwards by hia older broth
er, a practical printer, he started the Luzerne
Federalist. Ilia was superseded by the Gleaner,
with Miner as the principal editor. lie was elec
ted twice to Congress as a colleague of Mr. Bu
chanan, and was a useful and able member.
—The European steamer " City of Boston,"
bnngs intelligence of the death of 'Mount Hen
ry Temple Palmerston, Premier of the English
Cabinet, which occurred at London on the 18th
ultimo, at the ripe age of eighty-one years. Lord,
Palmerston was the eldest eon of Viscount Pal
merston. He commenced his education 4 at Her
ron, continuing at Edinburgh and Stagging it at
the Cambridge University, which constituency he
afterwards represented in Parliament several
—Georgia will send a full delegation - of Union
Men to the next Congress.
—The Georgia State Convention has declared
by a unanimous vote that slavery is forever abol
ished within the State.
—Returns from all the districts in South Caro
lina give Orr a majority of . 500 for Governor.
Gov. Perry has been elected U. S. Senator for
the long term.
—Hon. Lewis B. Woodruif has been nominated
for Judge of the Supreme Court of New York, in
place of Hon. C. A. Seward, declined. Judge
Woodruff is co • ' of election.
November 8, 1865.
---Generrils John A. Logan and Judson Kilpat
rick are doing a great work in New Jersey, and
it is now believed that Mr. Ward will be elected
Governor over the spurious ex-Brigadier General
—Bartholomew O'Connor has been nominated
as an iudependent candidate for Judge of the Ma
rine Court of New York city. Mr. O'Connor is
a Union man, and a ripe lawyer. He is a broth
er of Charles O'Connor, the distinguished barris
ter of New York city.
—ln former years the Democrats used to cam
all the elections in the territories: but all that is
greatly changed now. In the recent election in
New Mexico, Col. Chavez, the Republican candi
date for delegate to Congress, received 8,511
rotes, against 6,180 for Manuel Peres, his Demo
antic competitor, who was late delegate. In
1863 Perea bad 806 majority. The largeness of
this vote shows that New Mexico has already
quite a large population.
THE ftEntl STATE DEBT.—The following
highly important despatch from the President was
received by Gov. Johnson, of Georgia:
.ExEct - nTE 3WistoN,
Washington, D. C., October W. IBW.
To Jas. Johnson, Provisional Goscrner, Milledgeilly, Cla
Your despatch has been received. The people
of Georgia should not hesitate one single moment
in repudiating every single dollar of debt created
for the purpose of aiding the rebellion against the
Government of the United States. It will not do
to levy and collect taxes from a State and people
that are loyal and iu the Union, to pay a debt •
that was created to aid in taking them out, and
thereby subverting the COnstitution of the United
States. Ido not believe the great mass of the
people of the State of Georgia, when left unintlu
enced;rwilfever submit to the payment of a debt
which was the main cause of bringing on their
past and present suffering—the result of the re
bellion. Those who invested their capital in the
creation of this debt must meet their fate, and
take it as one of the inevitable results of the re
bellion, though it may seem hard to them. It
should at once be made known, at home and
abroad, that no debt contracted for the purpose
of dissolving the Union can or ever will be paid
by taxes levied on the people for such purpose.
President of the United States.
THE LATE MURDER AT Prrnott.—The fol
lowing particulars of the late murder at Pithole
are furnished bylhe special correspondent of the
Meadville Daily Republican, under date of the
24th: "A new establishment, to be known as
the 'Varieties,' was opened last night, for the first
time, with a ball. The evidence shows that late
at night an actress, who was in company with
John Smith, of-Rocbester. went to the dressing
room preparatory to going home, and while in the
room two men entered, one of whom was the de
ceased, and attempted to ravish her. Her screams
attracted Simpson to the room, wbo, itis alleged,
shot one of them, named Mat. Itintee, from Troy,
New York, thn keeper of the Heenan Saloon
'there. Simpsail was immediately arrested, and
to-day was fully committed for-trial. The town
had been the scene of considerable excitement all
day. The friends of the deceased threaten that
Simpson shall never leave town alive, and the
place of his confinement is continually surround
ed by a crowd. Several deputy sheriffs, in con
nection with the local police and citizens, are
deemed sufficient to .insure the accused a safe
conduct to Franklin, which will occur sometime
during the night. A public meeting of the citi
zens is called for to-morrow night, to devise some
'means of ridding the community of the band of
desperadoes who infest this section."
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT MEADVILLE—Loss
from $75,000 to $lOO,OOO.—A destructive fire oc
curred at Meadville on Thursday night, resulting
in the destruction of property to the amount of
between 75,000 and $lOO,OOO. The fire broken
out in the extensive woolen factory of Messrs. H.
S.'& F. W. Huidekoper, and notwithstanding
the prompt arrival of the fire department, the
flames had gained such headway as to render all
efforts to save the building fruitless. In a short
time the flames communicated with the long frame
tenement block on the west, and the house of
James Douglass on the, east. By superhuman ef
forts the fire was prevented from extending be
yond the Douglass Ise, althou the building
was rendered almost roe
The entire teueme ouse was soon in flames:
The most the engines uld do was to prevent the
fire from spreading to other buildings. At the
time the Republican, from which we obtain the
above particulars, went to press on Thursday
night, the fire was still raging, but it was thought.
it would not extend beyond the buildings noticed.
The loss falls very heavy on Messrs. H. S. & F.
W. Huidekoper, but not so fearfully as on the
twenty or thirty families who are rendered home
less.-Pittsburg Chronicle, 4th,
THE REBEL DEBTS.—The Washington cor
respondent of the New York Commercial writes :
The Southern gentlemen here are quite taken
aback by the telegram sent by Secretary Seward
to Gov. Johnson, of Georgia, notifying him tluit
President Johnson cannot recognize the people of
any State as having resumed the relations of loy
alty to the Union that do not repudiate their Re
bel war debts. This is a damper on the hopes of
those who have been planning schemes for secu
ring the assumption of the Rebel war debt by
Congress, by the aid of the'lobby. The addition
of this enormous amount to our already heavy
Natiofial debt, would have a ruinous moral as
well as financial effect, and it is but another proof
of President Johnson's determination tct, aithfully
discharge his dales, that ho has promptly placed
himself in opposition to the project.
THE CATTLE PLAGUE.—The State Dee
ment is in receipt of importintadvices fro the
United State Consul at Manchester, Engladdin
reference to the cattle-plague now prevalept th‘re.
This report represents that there is no abate
ment of the great plague that has for several
weeks past created such alarm in England. The
disease threatens to extend to 'all agricultural
districts in the British islands. Prayerrrare now
made at morning and evening services in all the
churches for the stay of the pestilence. A copy
of this prayer has been received at the State De
partment. The plague is mainly confined to hor
ned cattle, but it has, in a few instances, broken
out with great virulence among several Rooks of
sheep. The disease is highly contagions, and it
may be well worthy of inquiry whether there is
not some danger that it may be transmitted to
this county across the Atlantic, and thus cause
great loss and suffering. Our consul urges npon--_
the State Department, as a measure of protec
tion, the absolute and entire prohibition of the
importation of foreign stock for a limited period;
or if that is not advisable, to provide for the en
forcement of a ngid quarantine upon all imported
animals "luring the period of danger.
DR. JonDAN, editor of the Indianapolis Ga
zette. who was one of the most succesaftil physi
cians in Cincinnati, in 1849, in the treatment of
cholera, speaks as follows,-in his journal, in refer
ence to that terrible plague:
"In all probability it (the cholera) will be here
next year, and it may be early in the spring or
summer. We have had some experience in the
treatment- of this dreadful disease, in 1849, in
Cincinnati, as some of our readers will vrbbably
recollect, and we found ono article of very great
importance --that of ',richly ash berries. We,
therefore, advise druggists everywhere to secure
as many of these berries as they can, or at least
a reasonable quantity. This can be done by let
ting the country people know about it, and they
will gather them. Should the cholera come, we
shall certainly want some of these berries. As
to the manner of using them, it will be time
eneugh.to speak of that hereafter."
A Box' AVENGEM.--Captain John P. Ward,
of Detroit, commander of a lake steamer, having
committed an atrocious crime on a young lady
namedParman, was put under examination-last
week. A boy of fifteen, brother of the injured
lady, attended court daring the examination, and
at the close of the day's proceedings followed
Ward, (who was on bail) and his friends into the
street and fired a revolver at him. Ward was
but a few feet in advance at the time, and the
ball took effect, entering about the small of the
back and passing out just below the lower rib.
He immediately staggered and fell, when Far
man fired two more shots, which took effect one
entering and passing through the lung, and the
other striking a rib and glancing outward, inflict,'
ing a severe and painful flesh wound. Farman
immediately turned about, walked into the court
room, where several persons were still remaining,
and gave himself into custody.
THE robber Time, that steals the sweetness
from all fruits and flowers, is baffled by Plision's
" Night Blooming Cereus." Its aroma is less
perishable than that of foreign extract, essence or
toilet water, and incomparably more delightful.