Newspaper Page Text
..,t0 . 44 - ,:i epoitort.
Wednesday. October !Saba&
EWE NEW SENATORS.'
Of the eleven nescSenators eho . gen eight
are.eertainly Union and probably three
Democrats—waking the ~ next Senate
stand 20 'Union to 13 Detnocrats.
Jacob E. Ridgeway, just elected in the
?A district (Philadelphia), entered the
Horse in 1860 and served two years. In
the fall of 1862 be was chosen to the Sen
ate over Mr, Greenback, and was re-nom- .
Intied this fall after a most bitter contest
which bred an independent Uoion candi
date in the person of Sterling Bonsall.
He has, however, been triumphantly re
elected, considering the - charatter of the
opposition.. Ile is a sound, practical bu
time; Serattor4, a thorough Union man,
• and 'while ever ;faithful to Philadelphiß
is just to the entire State. George Coa
t:10110f the 4th District, (Philadelphia)
entered the Senate in 1860, and has Serv
ed with great credit to himself and his
constituents for six years. In 1862 he
*as re-elected by a large vote, over his
competition in the recent contest,:George
11-Sinith, and is now returned for a
third term by a very lalgely increased ma
jority. Soon after he became a member
of the Senate, he was stricken by Paraly
sis, whichl so disabled him that he has
never been able to walk since, or even-to
stand on the floor of the Senate to make
a motion . ; but he is nevertheless' one of
the most efficient members of the body,
and as faithful as he is industrious.,•,-, Geo.
Landon returned from the 14h tlistriet.
• (Bradford,' Susquehanna and Wyoming)
is a Methodist minister, and a most able
disputant. He was some years Presiding
Elder"in his church, and was - finally re
tired .on 'account of impaired health.-_
In 1859 he4as elected to the Senate, and
served with parrieulas credit. He was
powerful in debate, and one of the most
earnest of the Uniou Senators in grasping
° With .Treason and Slavery when the war
conuyenced. 1111862 he was rotated out
to . accommodate Susquehanna, and it is
• creditable ett Bradford that as soon as it
was possible he was returned to the Senate.
L. D. Shoemaker, of the 12th district.
(Lazerne), is a lawyer by professioM pro
bably fifty years of age, and will make a
.most respeCted and faithfid.Senatori l He
has not taken a prominent part in polities
outside of his county, although ever oft-
Posed to the Democratic party, and a po
tential man in the thictuatiugstravles of
Luzerne. -He is chosen partly because he
is a man of blameless life and popular with
his people, but mainly, we presumi , , be
cause he was opposed by a Woodward.
Stanley Woodward, son of Chief Jus
tice.Woodwanl, and a young lawyer of
clever attainments, was his competitor.
,and he sank under the odium of the
name he bears. Cart. Warren Conies
of •the 13th district (Potter, Tioga. Mc-
Kean and Clinton) is a resident of Mc-
Kean and was nominated as a compro-
Mise candidate after several hundred bal
lota for various other gentlemen. He
has been adventurous in his tastes—grail
'tutted iu Texai. rotated through Cali
fornia and' overland home, then took a
professorship in one of the Northern Col
leges and finally settled down-in Sutetle
port to practice law some eight or ten
. years ago. He is a gentleman of clever
ability, although lie has participated but
little in politics outside out of his intme
diate section. A-Heistand Glatz of the
18th district (York and Cumberland) en
tered the House abtalt 1858 and served
two years. In 1861 he was chosen to the
Senate when York formed a db.trict, and
returns to enter upon a, : scr,ond term. Ib
is, popnlar,"and dese4edly so. He does
:not trouble the reporters much in debate.
but is nevertheless a good practical legis
lator. Since York will not send ether
thail Democrats to the Senate, we hope
that they will do no worse than this year.
C.M. Duncan, of the 19th disttiet,(Pranklin
Said Adams) will probably be returned as
-elected.. Ile is a native of Adams, and has
been practicing law in Chambers-burg fin
some ten years past. He is a young man
of moderate abilities, fair character and a
radical Democrat—one who will follow
the leaders to any extent in hostility to
all the maths of the war. He will-never
.rank as a Senatorial leader, nor will he
swell the debates of the body materially.
Weare not entirely without hope that the
army vote may reverse his small majority
• •• • •-certainly it will be dobe if the 77th gets
its vote: sk--Init our soldiers are so scat- .
tered that it is more than probable thy
-result will lot be changed. David Me-
Con'augh y,alth ough he may not receive the
certificate, will pretty certainly be award
, ed the seat in place of , - Mr. Duncan in a
• contest. If so, he will enter public life
..Pow for the first time, although he lets
actively participated in polities for fifteen
yeiulk or more. He is one of the ablest
members of the Gettysburg bar and has
' devoted himself to his professitin. -
sietive, energetic and able, and will take a
„high rank as a debator in the Senate. He
is a thorough Union man, and the people
of the districelill feel during his term
that they are most creditably repregented.
Gen liantWhite of tile 22(1 district, (Cane
brim Indiana and Jefferson.) was elected to
the Senate in 13G2. anti mirved one tiesSion
He was Major of one of the Petiasylvania
Tegiments.in the field and he returned to
his command as soon as the session closed.
He was under Itilroy, wa, captured on
the retreat from Winchester, and was held
by the rebels in spit• of extraordinary- if- -
forts to effect his exchange, because his
return would have given the Union men
a majwiti of 011;4 in the Senate. Finally he
smuggled his resignation through to Gov.
•Ctmin :nrd•Dr. St. Clair was chosen to fill
. his nuespired term: Ilia conntitnenta Bat
taallyenough re-nominated and re-elected
him. He is a young lawyer of line abili•
tlais and will be welcomed to the Senate
`'bYthe Union 111PLI of the State. Wm. A.
- of the 234 district (Clearfield,
Cameron: Clitrion.--Ff.rest and Elk) was
chosen to the Senate owl. Hon. Louis W
Hall in' 1862 in the old Blair district, and
Avon kook rank with Clymer as a leader°
in the Senate. lie is the present Cluiir
nori of the Denioeratic State Committee
and has just burnt his fingers in again
effort to poll copperhead chestnuts out of
th'e fire. He
_is the 'ablesi. Democratic
layer in the Senate,
,but has not fond
ness or fitness.fOr off-hand debate.' James
L. Graba*of-Ale 25th district (Alleghe
ny) is a local Methodist minister, a clear
thinker, forcible speaker, a devoted Union
man and an industrious and faithful leg
islator. He was first elected in 1862 and
noW enters his second term. There are
few Senators so highly respected by his
associates as Mr. Graham. Robert A.
Browne of the 27th district (Lawrence,
-1 - futler and Armstrong) is also a minister
of the Associate Reformed persuasion and
is now pastor of that church in New Cas
tle. He was chaplain of the Roundhead ,
regiment anti is much beloved by both
citizens and Soldiers in his district. He is
an ardent loyalist, and will doubtless be
heard from in the debates of the Senate,
as he is an able and polished speaker.
Of the new Senators. Glatz of York is
the youngest, and Landon of Bradford,
the oldest. Five are lawyers; three are
preachers, one is a fanner and two are
business-men in Philadelphia. Upon the
whple rather more than the usual amount
of ability goes into the Senate by the late
The RE:COttd meeting of the judges
will take place on Friday next, when the
armY vote returned to the Prothonotaries
will be added to the home vote, and the
certificate of election awarded thereon.
It is probable that the return front the 77th
Pennsylvania regiment will not be receiv
ed in time for the meeting, of the judges
on Friday. and it .cannot be available
thereafter to give .Mr. Mteeilaughy the
' We assume therefore that to Mr. Dunj
- can will he given the certificate of election
as our Senator, which will niake him pri
ma facia Senator elect and entitle him to
be qualified and take the seat when the
legislature meets. No amount of majority
returned against him to the Prothonotaries
atter Friday next would avail to change
Mr. Dnnean's right to be sworn at the or
ganization of the Senate, but all such votes.
however informally cast or at whatever
period retuned to the PrOthonotary, if
they are return- of polls honestly conduct- :
NN ill he accepted and the seat ultimate—
ly given ro the candidate who leis received
a majority of the legal votes.
We are assured that not lees than fifty
deserters voted in-this Senatorial district,
and of that number. not five, most likely
not one, voted for Mr. M'Conaughy. The
Union men with one accord asked that
the laws be enforced as they are; ,without
_irrviting every election officer to determine
their constitutionality, and there was ev
ery inducement for such men to vote tin:
! Democratic ticket. We do not speak ad
visedly of the votes cast in the different
districts of that class, but we do not err
in fixing the aggregate .number at fifty.
while Mr. Duncan's majority wilt not be
over twenty. if it is even so much. Under
such circumstances Mr. McConaughy will
owe it to the 'Colon men of the district
and to-the violated laws. as well as to hini
self, to *contest the seat on the ground that
his competitor has an apparent majority
made up of men who have forfeited their
citizenship by their perfidy to their coun
try in its hour of trial. Whether addi
tional army returns shall elect Mr. M'Con
anghy or not after the certificate is awar
ded, we hope to see this issue put square
ly to the senate and the fact established
that skulking conscripts controlled the
election in the district. It will be well
for the present and futur ions to
.know OW such men relit their
hiding places. after our int s have
I been saved in spite of their tre. ery. and
now seek to attain by their votes o liar
their cowardice failed to accomplish. The
same rule will apply to the case of Col.
Rowe, who will. -we trust. proceed in court
and test the question there.
—Contested seats in the Senate are de- -
termined by a committee of seven, we be :.
lieve, drawn by the clerk. The names
of all the Senators but the member whose
seat -is contested and the speaker are'
written on slips of paper, carefully folded
and placed in a bok. They are then
drawn out one at a time, the ticket open
ed and the name read' out, when either
party can challenge peremptorily until
a given number remain-13 we believe.
The contestants with their counsel then
retire and socks off one name alternative
ly until the requisite number remain.—
They constitute the committee, and their
report is fit ll add cannot be reversed by
WE learn that suit has been instituted.
by 'Henry Riley, a deserter of Hamilton
township. against the judge of election of
that township•for refusing his vote. We
ate glad to see the question in the courts,
and more than willing that the proceed
ings...lloldd be commenced by one ‘lllo
confessedly refused to serve his country
in its hour of need and now demands da
ntages for being denied the privilege of
citizenship. conferred by the institutions
he was too treacherous or toil cowardly
We trust that this issue will be pressed
to a legal solution at an early day. The
act of Congress declares in express terms
that a deserter shall be disfranchised; but
in perhaps half the election districts of
the State, the eleCtion boards assumed to
determine the law uncornititutional and
acted accordingly. Before another elec
tion we hope to have the question-settled
judicially, and then the law can be en
tbrmil uniformly, -or, if pronounced pit
constitutional, will be a nullity.
In this Senatorial district there were
quite enough of desertera- voted to defeat
Mr. McComtughy, -and it is probable that
he will contest Mr. Duncan's seat on that
-ground, in case • he should be declared
elected. Of the validity of the act of Con
gress in a contest, the committee of the
Senate would be the sole judges, and there
is little doubt that if Mr. DIIIICISTYB major
ity is made up of cowardly deserters, who
voted in violet'i
n of the law of Congress,
he would be ej cted.
While the t of Congress remains a
statute unqueationed judicially, it must,
be obeyed. If election officers are to de
ottg Itanktiu fLeOsitatp, eljanibtz,burg, /Oa.
termine, the constitutionality of arts - of
Congress, they may assume to determine
any other question according to their fan
cies, and the result must be that the right
to cote liould be at the mercy of irrespon
sible township tribunals. Let the ques
tion be settled, since the Democricy open
ly espouse the cause of deserters even to
ONE year ago the Democratic candidates
for Congress and Judge in this district,
and the candidates on the same ticket for
Assembly in the Bedford district, were all
defeated by clear majorities by the soldier
vote but Messrs. Coffroth, Meyers & Co.
resolved to accomplish by fraud what they
could not attain by a fair vote, and they
persuaded the Democratic return judges
of Medford, Fulton and .kdams,'ln viola
tion of the express terms
„ of the law, to
reject just enough of the.firmy vote to
give them apparent majorities. The House
of Representatives suminarily throttled
the fraud, admitted the Union members,
and left the Democratic candidates to con
test, which they very prudently declined
to do, as they were unwilling to have their
frauds officially exposed. Coffroth, how
ever, who never knows when a farce is
played out, still imagines that he has some
chance for crawling into Congress, but he
`Tall shortly be , a wiser and probably a
sadder man.' The people have' for the
first time since this fraud was attempted,
had an opportunity to vindicate them
selves, and they have done it most effec
tually. Adams has elected a Union mem
ber by 16 majority, and Bedford, Fulton
and Somerset gave the following official
vote for members :
Arm*,trong,t7. Roo, G. A'mitll, D. colborn,n
Sorneroot... 255 s 3554 1410 1442
Bedford.... 2446 2425. 2M14 2536 .
Fulton 675 647 902 857
5679 5629. 4866. 4835
,members are thus elected
by over 800 majority on the home vote,
and not a Democrat is returned to the
legislature from this Congressional district.
Do the Redtbrd Gazette and Coffroth un
derstand that sort of thunder
HON. MONTGaItERY BL u 1 has at last
made a speech that gives entire satisfac
tion to the Union men—the first hct of the
kind Mr. Blair has performed since he was
invited to leave the cabinet. He made a
speech at a Democratic meeting in New
York last week, and has openly identified
himself with that Party. which will give
sincere satisfaction to every loyal man in
WE omit a table of returns of the State,
as the official vote can be had in time for
our next issue. Gen. Hartranft's majori
ty is about 20,000 and the Union majori
ty in the House is 30—in the Senate 7,
certain and probably 9.
WE give in to-days paper an excellent
portrait of Dlaj. Gen. John F. Hartranft,
the Union Auditor General elect.
THE "reaction" predicted by our hopeful De
mm-rats, which was to restore them to the Roth
seats occupied -in the past," don't sees[[ to conic
quite as fast as they had hoped. The follois ing
figures will hardly matinee them that the reac
tion is much to their - ad%autage. The elections
of Itstiii hare resulted about as follinvs
Vermont. Union majority 20,000
Maine....... . 22,000
Penn'a, " " ...... ........ 20,000
Kentucky, a Union gain of - It OW
New York will sell the column in November,
and'New Jersey will takti her stand on the-right
side.. Massachusetts, Minnesota, and Wisconsin
will swell the list of Union majorities. The De
moe‘rucy "as it is," may as well postpone the re
TIM Juniata Trw Democrat diem hard. Rear
ith 11114 mow):
"Abolitionism is triumphant, and our State has
been disgraced by endorsing the most damnable
principles in existence, the amalgamation of the
whites with negroes, negro equality and centrali
zation. The future is indeed dark and gloomy,
and God alone knows what will become of us as
The above being dying declarations, made in
extremis, and therefore, within the plain Mw of
evidence, without the sanctity of a& oath, we sub
mit that they be incorporated in Bishop Hopkins'
next work or. Slavery.
GEo. V. LAirRENCE is not dead. Re
vaui very• ill, but is, we are glad to learn, recov
ering and strong hopes are entertained that he
will soon be entirely well. Re has bad the
rare pleasure of reading 'his obituary in numer
ous papers. Owing to the absence of the chief
editor of the REPOSITORY be missed what this
journal would have said about him : but we ha'v'e
sent him the manuscript of the REPOSITORY
obituary for his edification.
. THE Raleigh, N. C:, papers, of the 19th, Pub
lish a telegram from President Johnson to Gor.
_Holden, declaring that every dollar of the debt
created to aid the rebellion should be repudiated
finally and forever, and expressing the hope that
the people of North Carolina will wash their
hands of everything partaking in the slightest
degree of the rebellion so recently created by the
strong arm of the Government.
T. B. PETERSON & BROTHER, Philadelphia,
will thrnish from advance sheet* on November
11th, "Our Mutual Friend," Charles Dickens'
New Novel, complete and , unabridged, with all
the ilhistrations to match their previous editions
of this popular Author's writings. We predict
for "Our Mutual Friend " a very generous recep
tion, as it is one of his hest books.
THE Bedford Courts half enlarged its proportions
and donned anew suit of beautifii) type. We hope
that it will mend its tone correspondingly. If it
has not learned by this time that neither treach
ery nor fraud will win in this-region tt will never
learn anything. We wish it abundant pecuniary
success, and shall be glad to note its acceptance
in good faith of the verdict of the people.
THE Philadelphia Press hits been enlarged to
the size of the leading New York dailies and
adopted the quarto form.' It is the most enter
prising and able journal Philadelphia has ever
produced, and we are glad to witness substantial
evidence of its prosperity.
THE MONROE DOCTRINE.—Hors is the whole
story copied from Mr. Monroe's message, deliver
ed December '2, 18,T3:
With the existing-colonies or dependencies of
any Eurkipean power we have not interfered and
shall not mterfere. But with the governments
who have declared their independence, and main
tained it, and whose independence we have on
great consideration and on just principles acknowl.
edged, we could not view any interposition for
the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling in
any other manner their destiny by any European
power in any other light than ma manifestation
of an unfriendly disposition toward the Vaited
The Beenlt ortbe Elleetfois-Ilostof Candi.
dates for U. 8. henator--(Zertaleal of
o n Senator-Claims of the Candi
dates-The Cross of Gubernatorial ems.
- ablates-List of Prominent Aspirants-.
Ron. John Cessna-Appointmentof So!.
diem by Gov. eartln.
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository.
tso. xxxivd liAmitsatma, October 23, 1865.
The result of the late election has turned va
riowi'political tables and crushed teeny political
hopes. The large majority of 20,000 for the
Union candidates in a compiratively unimpor
tant contest, leaves the Democracy hopeless. It
settles the nest Governor and the next United
States Senator against them. They were even_
more confident than the Union men of success in
the contest just closed. They believed their or:
ganization to be much better than ours, and I
doubt not that it was as good, and they had scarce
ly a doubt of success; but their strong Demo
cratic counties failed them utterly and they can-
Mk now calculate with am certainty- that next
year will improve their condition. They •con
dernn the "quiet campaign," and charge Mr.
Wallace with failure ott that account; but had
they made an active canvass they would have been.
beaten tee thousand inure. The truth is appar
ent that they lost the State because of the earn
est, profound convictions of the people that they
have been wrong throughout - the war and (-Mi
not be right now.
The decisive majority secured in the Senate for
the Union men this year renders it certain be
yond all contingency that there will be a Union
legislature in 1867.'-Even allowing Duncan his
oat the Senate - Stands 20 Union to 13 Democrats,
leaving a majority of 7. But it is confidently ex-
pected that Mr. M'Conaugby will get his seat.
If the • army vote fails to elect him, a contest
would doubtless eject Mr. Duncan, as it is well
known that in certain portions of the district,
particularly in Adams, many deserters voted for
Mr. Dunnna i and in the face of the act of Con
gress the Senate: would - not allow such votes to '
prevaiL With Mn M'Conaugby adMitted, the Sen
ate will stand 21 to 12-making the Union ma
jority 9. Next year the Union men are certain
to gain one in place of • Hopkins in Washiagtou
and Beaver, and none Of, the other districts can
be considered doubtful, so that - the Senate of
1,% - 7 will, according to all rational. ealeulatons,
stand 22 to 11, Paving the Deuita-rats in a minor
ot 11. If theY should carry the State by 40;
000 for Governor, they could not overcome that
majority in thejlouse; but all signs of the times
must prove deceptive if the:House not have
from 20 to 30 Union majority also.
The next Senator will therefore eertainly. be a
Union man, and - already the contest is beetanicg
animated There will be not Ices than a beers of
candidate,. and moth bitterness will mingle in the
struggle- Ora. Cameron has labored untiringly
since his retirement from the cabinet for the po
sition, and -will exhaust his energies ti: attain it.
He has just emerged from a contest at home with
victory nos Sim banner, and feels that he can now
devote his energies to other sections. , Philadel
phia will present -not less than ,two candidates,
both of whom are, next to being for themselves,
against Cameron . I refer to Col. Win. B. Tho
was arid Bon Judge Kelly is
especially hitter against Cameron'aud will deal
• some heavy blows in the progress of the struggle.-
Gov. Curtin is widely spoken - of, - but Ide not
know that he regards himself is a candidate.
Certain it is that he has not devotedhis efforts to
control the election of members ditto legislature
liwolable to himself. Hon. Thaddeua'Stevens is
named, hut I do not regard it as probable that
he will enter the list of competitots. G. A.
Grow will probably be a formidable candidate as
the whole North would adhere to him with great
fidelity. The West will, of course, have a small
crop of candidates also: but as Cowan has the lx.
sition now, it is likely that the -.Senator will tw
relded to the East. 1 decided majority thi
new.: 4 t-nators chosen this fall are; squarely hos
tile to Gen. Cameron, and the Chester, Lancaster,
Bedford and Beaver districts will pretty certainly
elect Senators next fall who wilt not prefer him.
lie has, however, earnest friends in Hall, Haines
and Nichols. who will probably be re.eleeted, and
Ridgeway will likely support him if Philadel
phia cannot carry one of her candidates through.
Unless the House shall be made strongly for Ca
meron-much wore so than it is this year-he
cannot be the nominee of the Union =cur, but
just who may be is a question that is must diffi
cult of solution.
Naturally enough the overwhelming Union vic
tory just achieved bus brought out a large crop
of candidates for Governor. Gen. Morehead, of
Allegheny, Col. Jordan, of 'Bedford. Gen. Geary
and Hon. Jno. Covode, of Westmorland, lion.
W. W. Ketchem,. of Luzerne, have been known
candidates for some months, and the established
supremacy of the Union party will make their,
friends increase their ; energies. In addition to
these, I hear the names of Hun. Thos. M. Howe
and Hon. Jno. P. Penny, of Allegheny, General
Lemuel Todd, of Cumberland, Mayor
of Philadelphia, Geu. Hartranit, and-Gen. Han
cock, of Montgomery, Hun. G. A. Grow, of Sue
quehaaa, Senator Lowery, of Erie, Hon Geo. V.
Lawrence,ot Washington, lion. John Cessna, of
Bedford, and othe'rs whose names I do not now
recall. The name of the chief editor=of the Re.
toestTotix has also been pretty freely used in
connection with the nomination; but as his unit
columns peremptory decline him, I presume that
I am bound to elm,' and strike his name from the
list. Of the new names-suggested. that of Mr.
Cessna has the most vitality, and it is probable
that there will be a powerful concentration fir his
favor. He has made a most gallant fight for the
country since the'day the war was ctaintnesiced,
and has never blotted his record by faltering un
der any circumstances ; and the consummate skill
and energy with which he won victory fur the
party in the late contest, gives him a prestige that
courses to fortune with a strong title. If a mili
tary tuna must be taken, Gen. Hancock would
doubtless bear off the prize if he is willing to ac
cept it; but a brevet Maj. General in the regular
army would hesitate, lung before exchanging a
life office in the line of his profession turd in It hick
he had won all his fame, for the uncertain Mr
tunes of political life,
Gov. Curtin has just signalized his devotion to
the soldiers again by appointing Col. Clark tothe
position of, Master Warden of Philadelphia, in
place of Mr. Wayne deceased, and by installing
a wounded private as messenger in place of Mr.
Miles deceased. Enduring as the monumental
marble which attests our heroism and sacrifices
on so many sanguinary fields, will be the grateful
remembrance of Goy. Curtin's tireless efforts in
behalf of our brave tioldiery, by them and their
The \Verse Trial Erided—The Finding:mot
Promulgated-4118'rue of the Judge Ad.
rocate—'lrlal of Gen. Briscoe—Flutter
among the Clerks of the Treasury De.
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository.
NO. LI.) WANIITNGTON CITY, October:., 1865.
The Werze trial ended to-day, with the excep
tion of the Endings of the court as to the guilt of
Werze and others, which will be promulgated in
a few days, The argument of Judge Advocate
Chipman embraces 429 pages legal cap. Vari
ous cases of death are laid to the charge of the
prisoner—murder in violation of the laws, of war.
First, cases of death resulting from mutilation
by hounds. Second, resulting from confinement
in the stocks and chain gang. Third, the killing
of Prisoners by the guards, pursuant to the direct
order of the accused given at the time, and fourth,
of killing by the-prisoner's own band- The re
sponsibility of Capt. Worse for, the tilling of Pei-
oners at to dead line when be mil not present
is alSo declared. The teatime* on thetipoints
isrOiewed at length, - the malicione end willful'
killing of eighteen prisoners of war is directly
charged upon the accused. In conclusion the
Judge Advocate says:
"May it please the Court, I have hastily anal
ized and presented the evidence: If we bad not
travelled through the history of those long, weary
months of suffering, torture, starvation, death, and
become familiar with each day's roil of those who
pissed away, the mind could not contemplate this
last though briefer roster of the dead withoutfeelings of utmost horror. Mortal man has never
been called to answer before a legal tribunal to a
catalogue of Crime like this. One shudders at the
fact, and almost doubts the age we live in. I
would not barrow up your minds by dwelling fur
ther upon this woful record. The obligations you
have taken constitutes you the sole Judge of both
law and fact. I pray you administer the one and
decide the other, meeting out to those involved in
this crime of the universe, all justice, without
fear, favor, oirpartiality, and without regard to
position, high or low; of those proved guilty!!
The prisoner, who reclined upon the sera es
usual, seemed much affected during the conclu
ding remarks, and when the Judge Advocate had
finished, asked that Dr. Bates might examine his
person in the presence of the Court to show that
‘ was physically incapable of committing the
acts of murder and beating charged. The re
quest was granted, and the Court room ordered
to be cleared, the President announcing that the
doors would not again be opened to the public.
The whOle of this argument is to be published
by order of the Secretary of War. The court
has been in session thirty-nine, days and has amas
sed a record of ever five thousand pages. One
hundred and six witnesses were summoned in be
half of the defense of which number silty-eight
reported and forty-two were discharged. without
a hearing. •
The trial of Brevet Brig. Gen. Briscoe, for the
abstraction of some one hundred thousand dollars
from the funds in the sate of the Quarter Master
at Lynchburg, Va., has also terminated and the
findings of the court will probably be announced
in a few nays. The military iv' cord of Gee.
Briscoe shows that he was idtweuty-four pitched
battles, numberless skirmishes, has been severely
Wounded four : limes and has had nine horses kill
ed umler 'Be is lavishly praised for bravery
by nearly every prominent general of Army 8f
the Potomac.- Amidst all this glorious record—at
the end of the war be falls at lak—caught in the
act ofi robbing the Government *rife of a large
stun of money. The country at Urge will regret
the fall of so brave a man.
- The clerks of the Treasury Department are in
a state of excitement_ over a circular which has
been issued by the . .Becretary to the heads of bu
reaus of that department, calling fur a thorougi
examination of the employees and a weeding out
of' the inefficient, Incompetent and superfluous.
It is also enjoined that wherever by this operation
vacancies shall occur, preference shall be given
in filling them to discharged soldiers, who shall
be found qualified for the position. This is it
move in the right direction and one we hope to
see tarried out in the other departments. - But
we pity the clerks of the Treasury in their ex
'citementand expectation of receiving "tickets of
Any quantity of distinguished r'etiels have been
here this week. Among the greatest—and 'cer
tainly the least of them—was Alex. 11. Stephens,
late Vice President of the Rebel Dominion:—
Crowds of people assembled about the hotel to
get a sight of the "wee concern."' His four years
of potter in the laud of Dixie has but slightly
changed his personal appearance—his frame is
still upright and as emaciated as formerly. When
he ascended a flight of stairs we observed that be
is about played out, as be moved ip a stooped po
sition, slowly and tottering. His hair is a little
thinner and grayer than when here before.
should hardly think he weighs over a hundred.
pounds. On Friday he. had an interview of half
an hour with the President and this morning took
his departure for his home in the "sunny South."
Governor Pierpont, of Virginia; in a conversa
tion with Comptroller Clarke in the Treasury De
partment, a few days since, made use pf language
BO indiscreet and intemperate TIOi to certainly re.
'quire his removal as a " Governor." In refer
ring to the debt incurred by the Government to
put down the rebellion he said; " it people in the
North expected that the people of the South
would be required to pay their; or any portion of
the U. S. debt incurred during the war—the peo
ple of the North would find out that the people
of the South would not do any such a fool
ish thing." He finally became so impudent that
he was shown out of the office of Mr. Clarke. s. c.
--Gen. Grant Will Make Wissbingtop his per
—Roger A. Pryer is about to start an evening
paper to Baltimore.'
—General Grant iiitiWashington. tie visited
the President on Saturday.
—President Johnson has already commenced
work upon his message to Congress.
Oen. M'Clellan.is expected to arrive in New
York, from Europe, in about three weeks.
—lt is said that John C. Breckenridge propo.
ses to become a British subject; and enter into
the pork busmen.
- —Col. M. S. Quay has sold his interest in the
Biarer Argus.to James S. Ruthn, who will here
after control its columat.
Wm. Hazlett has sold out the Butler
American to the Citizen. Mr. Robinson miab.s
a most excellent paper.
-The notorious guerrilla, Champ Ferguson,
hanged'itt Nashville on the 20th. The exe.
eution was strictly private. •
—The rebel Lieutenant Maury, recently natn•
ralized in Mexico, has been appointed an bone.
rary councillor of the Empire. •
;--Enoch W. Cr. Greene, editor of the Philadel
phia Sinday "Transcript, bee been appointed pen
idon agent in that city, vire. Mr. Poulson,
-I.be murderer, Gregory, under sentence of
death in Philadelphia jail, and recently resfrited
by Gov. Curtin, diefl on 'Wednesday night.
—lt is not true - , that Edwin Booth has been
married to a daughtev-41 Mr. Jules Hanel, of
Philadelphia. No each marriage has taken place.
—The death of the Hon. D. C. Smith, Secre. ,
tary and Acting-Governor of Idaho Territory, is
confirmed. He fell dead in the streets of Rocky
—Day wood, member of the last House from
Lancaster, and Member elect to the next, died
on Friday last it hie residence in Lancaster
—George V. Gayle, the author of the udrer
thmment offering a reward for the assassination
of President Lincoln, in tube tried in a civil court
-John Cessna, chairman of the Union State
Committee, was serenaded at Philadelphia on
Tuesday evening of last week by the !rational
—Gen. Averill, is a 4 present located on Oil
Creek, and is the propribtor of some half dozen
teams, which Ore hauling oil from Pithole to Mil
—Mrs. Ward Beecher is to read her husband's
lectures to Lyceum audiences thiLseailon. Mr.
H. W. B. endorses her taleita at a lectuer,—and
he ought to know.
—Judge Skinner, of Ohio, who went to Loriis
ville as counsel for Colonel Jaquei, telegraphs
that the evidence in-the - case , -is closed, and it
prover no case against him. The Ooteuel, be rays,
will be discharged.
—Alexander IL fiteptieris, wiscv 9 o o 2entertalned
at a privattidinnnv Nato on An /€4l/, ex•
pressed a pirPose till support Pren'idimtJohason's
reconstruction policy. • .
—The President of this United Stites - has ap
pointed Dr. Palemon John, the editor of 4the
Bloomsburg Republican, Assessor of the Thir
teenth District of i'ennsylrania.
—The trial of imersoq i Etheride is in proFtwns
at Cairo. Etheridge ',Tea& his own cause. In
his written pie*, he admitted the charge that he
resisted thee - enforceinent of the laws., • -
—On Saturday President Johnson granted par
dons to one hundred and eighty South Carolini
ans, among whom wall W. B. Boyce, formerly
member of Congress from that State.
—Dr. Blackburn, of yellow fever notoriety,
has been admitted to bail at Toronto. Canada, on
his own recognizance to appear when called for,
and his sureties have been discharged.
—James M. Orr, Mayor of Leesburg, Va., W.
B. Lynch, editor of the Leesburg Irashingtonian,
and the notorious guerrilla chief E. V. White,
have had their property restoreito them.
William F. Lynch, formerly a captain in the
United States Navy, and latterly holding the po
sition of flag officer or commodore in the Rebel
"NavY, died at Baltimore, Md., on the 17th instant.
—Jonathan Worth, alormer peace man, is an
nounced as candidate for .Governor of North
Carolina, and will be supported by the Vance and
Davis leaders. ,Governor Holden is the' Union
—Miss Harris, who recently shot her lover at
the Treasury Department,Washin&n, is now in
Richmond, Va., following the business of a millin
er, and has, apparently, qiiite recovered from her
--Major General Hartranft left for Kentucky.
on Monday week, where he wiltreport at Louis
ville to Major General Palmer commanding that
Department. Her takes charge of the Auditor
General's office at Harrishufe, in May West
—Mr.l). T. Patterson, son-in-law of Presi
dent Johnston and Senator elect from Tennes
see to the United States Senate, held the office of
Circuit Judge under the rebel rule in Tennessee,
and consequently took the oath to support the
Southern Confederacy. This makes him
—*he following appears in Flake's Bulletin,
(Galveston, Texas) of September 29: "Wo
learn that John H. Reagan, late Postmaster-Gen
eral of the so-called Confederate States, has writ
ten aletter which will, no .doubt, astonish some
of his associates. Among other things he favors
negro suffrage." ' ,
Ward kloore, a native of Alexandria,
Virginia, Who commanded the Texan navy dur
ing the existence of Texas as an independent re
public, died in New York alt Thursday last. He
was a midshipman in the United States navy at
the time the Texan war for independencg`com
menced, and was appointed to the chief command
of the navy by President Houston. .
—Governor Curtin has appointed Colonel Gid.
eon Clark Master Warden of the port of Phila
delphia. -The Colonel served 'with distinction as
commander of the 119th Regiment, and is winch
disabled by vounds received during the war.—
Mr. Lucas, a wounded private of the 148th Regi
ment P. V., has also been appOinted Messenger
in the Executive Department, vice Samuel Miles,
--Gen. Robert E. Lee has signed and filed in
Washington the following oath "I, Robert E.
Lee, of .I.,etington, "Va., do solemnly swear, in
presence of Almighty God, that I wit, henceforth
faithfully support, protect, ane defend the Con
stitution of the United States, and the union of
the States thereunder:. and that I will, in like
manner, abide by and faithfully support all laws
and proclamations which have been made during
the existence of rebellion with reference to the
emancipation of slaves. So help me God."
—Mr. John M'Cook, who died recently at
Steubenville, Ohio, was the father of five sons
and one daughter. The sons have all been in the
Union army, and two of them are now generals,
and one a lieutenant in the navy. They are 'mi.:
versally known by the heroic title of " fighting
M'Cook." In politics the deceased was au ac
tive member of the National L'pidu party, and
was a member of the last electorial college of
Ohio: lie had fast received as a mark of recog
-,nition of the valuable services of himself and fam
ily, a commission as Assessor of Internal Reve
nue for the Seventeenth district of Ohio, to com
mence on the -Ist proximo. The appointment,
has since been tendered to his son, Brigadier-
General A. G. M'Cook. •
POLMCAI, - 11.1iTELLIGENCE.
- —The Culpepper Obserner-hoista the name of
Mr. John M. Botts as United_States Senator from
-Governor Wells, of Louisiana, has accepted
the nomination of the Union Coniertative party,
--The official majority for Peddie, Union can
didate for Mayor of Newark. N. J., is 1,332. The
aggregate vote wait 13,761.
—The Republican State Convention of Colora
do has nominated Wm. Gilpin for Governor, and
Geo. M. Chilcott for Representative to Congress.
Governor Pierpont has declared himself sat
isled with the result of the election in Virginia.
It is stated that five'of the eight candidates elect
ed can take the oath.
—lt is said that the Hon. John Sherman has a
"good look" for a.re.election by the Ohio Legis
lature. The opposing candidates will be General
Schenck and Hon. John A. Bigham.
--Col. E. A. Irvin has been appointed an asso
ciate judge of' Clearfield county. Colonel Irvin
entered the military service as captain in the fa
mous Thicktail Regiment, hnd rose to the rank of
colonel. He was severely wounded at Antietam.
—Gen. Humpheys, one of Lee's division Gen
erals is chosen Governor of Mississippi, and Gen-
Echols, well remembered for his operations in
the valley, is elected Treasurer, Judge Win. Star
key is elected to the U. S. Senate to succeed Jeff.
Davis, and J. K. Alcorn to succeed Gov. A. G.
Hon. John Cessna, Chairman of the Union
State Coinmittee, has issued the following con
gratulatory address to the Union men of the
Another political contest has been determined
by the freeman of Pennsylvania. The Union
cause has again triumphed at the ballot-box.--
Official returns have been received from sixty-two
counties of the sixty-six in the State. Of -these,
fifty-four show gains for the Union cause over the
vote of 1862. The aggregate gains over all losses
are nearly twenty-five thousand. This will give
to our candidates on the home vote alone majori
ties exceeding that given by army and home vote
to our late lamented President, Abraham Lin
coln. Of the seven Union Senators whose terms
of office ex eired, we have notiost one. , The home
vote has gamed us one from the opposition in Lu
zerne, and the army vote will gain us another in
Franklin and Adams. In the lower House we
have retained all of our sixty-tbree members of
last session. The home vote has added three to
this number, and the army vote will give us one
more. The Senate will stand twenty-one to
twelve, and the House sixty-seven to thirty-three,
thus giving thus a majority of forty-throe on joint
For these results, so - gratifying to the friends of
our cause in Pennsylvania, and to air patriots
throughout the nation, we are deeply indebted to
the returned soldier of the late Union army, who
have taught their friends and their foes that they
know as waU bow to vote intelligently for the
Outabor 25, 11%65..
cause* the country as they know how to fib
bravely and heroically for the same claim
Much praise is due to the press of the Union
party throughout the State-for Its patriotic efforts
in the good work.
To the secretaries of the State Central Com ,
t ame°, Messrs. Hamersly andEenedict, the toy
al men of Pennsylvania are ander lasting oblige
Cons. Upon their devolved arduous and res
ponsible duties. Many of their labors are at
witnessed or even known to the public. Tpy
labored assiduously by day and by night for the
success of the Union emote, to which they are
both most devotedly attached.
Every member of the State Central Committee
performed well his part and co-operated cheer
tally and cordially witlithe chairman in promo
ting the success of the Union ticket,. To the
chairman of the several coun ty aatim i ttiwa, and
the members of those,committees, it is conceded
that much of the credit of our triumph belongs.
To alt the true and faithful men of the State,
who so effectually discharged their &ties, and
made our triumph easy as well as overwhelming,
our most earnest and hearty thanks are exten
The defeat of our opponents is ttorciugh and
disastrous. To them it was unexpected, although
well merited. Having opposed the war so tiap ,
pity and so gloriously terminated, they changed
their policy, nominated officers, and assumed to
be the especial friends of the soldierg. They
were cebfldent and defiant. When 'we were at. -
lent, they clamorously and imperiously demanded
our views. When we spoke they charged that it -
was "puerile-invective." They told their follow
ers "that we were endeavoring to turn their
flanks," and called lustily upon them "to pierce
our centre." Some of. them retired with both
flanks turned and their centre pierced. The bal
ance were made prisoners.
'Last-year they assured - their followers that the
election had been carried at.the point of the bay
onet; that military rule had interfered with the
freedom of the election, and that ouremintry was
last verging towards a military despotism. That
shallow pretext cannot avail them now .
Supporting soldiers, they became thechampions
of deserters and refugees from the draft. To rally
their desponding and disheartened forces they pro
claimed that oar President had becomes convert
to their views. They well knew the opinions of
those who had elected him, and the principles of
the piatfoiut upon which he. sherd. Yet they
would gludlc have induced bun to abandon ,his
friends and his principles in order that they might
be restored to power.
The spirit of slavery, secession and State sov
ereignty had assassinated one President within
the last six. months, and was striving to demoral
ize and steal another. The experiment failed.
The effort to make it has been 'terribly rebuked
by the people, and the result is the complete de
moralization and overthrow of those who ddl'ed
to misrepresent our Chief .11agistrate in order to
promote the success of their sinking cause.
The of repeated and Well established truth of
history has again been vindicated. No man, in
any country, can take sides against his Govern-
Meet when engaged in war, whether foreign or
domestic, and retain the confidence and respect of
his fellow-citizens after :the termination of that
war. And such is the unavoidable fate of par
ties. Either the party which antagonizes the
Government during the war must go down or
the nation must perish. Our nation is too young
to die. Those who opposed our armies on the
field of battle have been defeated. The party
whose leaders opposed -the prusecutien, of our
war for national existence has been beaten at the
ballot-box.. Our people, have just given another
of the highest proofs of the fact that " man is ca
pable of sell-government" 'f he people at the
ballot-box hpce declared their adherence to the
principles which were made triumphant by the
skill and bravery of American officers, soldiers
and seamen amid the storm of battle. Let all
good Union men continue to be faithful and true
to the cause of their country, and allwill be well.
The nation, purified by the fiery ordeal through
which it has lately passed, will start upon a new,
era of progresi. — The; enemies of free govern
ment will everywhere respect and fear our great
ness and poWer, and the down-trodden and op
pressed of every clime will seek and find an asy
lum in our midst. Join; CESSNA,
Chairman Union State Central Committee.
Secretary Seward made a speech in Auburn,
New York, last week, in the course of which be
alluded to the efforts of the Democracy to maii
the President unfaithful to his principles and his
friends. Mr. Seward said:
. Some of you seem to have been slightly distpr.
bed by professions or demonstrations of lacer to-
Ward the Presideut, made by parties who have
heretofore opposed- his Administration, as well
at the Administration of his predecessor. [Laugh
fl r.] And you ask, may not the President yet
prove unfaithful to us? For myself, I laid aside
Partisanship, if I had any, in Mil, when the sal
vation of the country demanded that sacrifice.
It is not, therefore, my purpose to descend to
mere partisanship now. Andrew Jolutson laid
aside, lain sure, whatever of, partisanship he had
at the same time.. [Applause.] That noble act
did not allow, but, on the other hand, it forbade,
calltraien by the friends of the Union with opppoo
neuta the policies of the war and of reCODellib
tion which the Government has found it necessa
ry to pursue. -Duty requires absolute and-un
compromising fidelity to the supporters of those
policies, whosoever, and of whatsoever party they
may be. [Applause.] Andrew Johnson has
practiced that fidelity against the violence of en
codes, to the sacrifice of his fortune, the hazard
of his liberty, and even the peril of his life. [En
-I.thisiastic cheering.] The same fidelity . is still
indentified with the success of those policies; and,
of course, is necessary to the achievement oPtheir
magnificent ends. [Loud applause.] Why should
he now abandon those policies, and desert time
honored and favored supporters; merely because
the dawning success of our efforts has compelled
former opponents to approve and accept them 7
[Renewed applause.] Patriotism and loyalty
equally, however, require that fidelity in this case
shall be mutual. Be ye faithful, therefore, oa
your part, and although the security I offer is un
necessary and superfluous, yet I will guaranteir
fidelity on his part. [Renewed cheering.] Those
who hitherto opposed' the President, but now
profess to support him, either are sincere or in
sincere. Time must prove which is the fact. If
they are sincer, who that has a loyal heat must
not rejoice in their late „though too long de
toyed conversion ? If thetare msincere, are we
either less sagacious,.or have we less ability now,
than heretofore to counteract treachery -to the
-national cause ? -Perhaps you fear the integrity
of the man. I confess, with a full sense of my
accountability, that among all the public- men
whoni I have met, or with whom I have been as
sociated or concerned, in this or any other coun
try, no one has seemed to me to be more wholly
free from personal caprice and selfish ambition
than Andrew Jobnion; none to be more purely
and exclusively moved iu public action by love of
country and good will to mankind.
ONE OF THE LESSONS OF THE VICTORY.—
Pennsylvania and Ohio unite, says the North
American, in bearing their testimony to the cur-.
reetness of the principles and course ofthe Unien
party. This fact is important at a time when the
Democrats are seeking to recover from the terri
ble prostration of theirparty consequent upon
the war. Soldier candidates will not suffice to
hide the treachery of the party or induce the pew
ple to forget the hedious record it made for itself
during the whole period of the nation's travail-
Soldiers who may hereafter be tempted - with
Democratic nominations will learn from this les
son how empty is such an honor, and at the same
time will see that the people Will distinguish, be
tween the, man and the cause. They will see
how firmly the masses of voters cling tone great
Union party which has brought the republic safe
ly out of the j aws of death. The true place for
the Union soldier is in the Union party. If the
Democratic party felt sure of success at the elec
tions it would not dream of nominating soldiers
for office. We advise all Union soldiers hereaf
ter to ponder over the teachings afforded by this
contest, and keep clear of Democratic associations
and Democratic nominations.
Tin: Lewisburg Chronicle gives some interest
ing statistics of the establishment of Messrs. Sli
fer,. Walls, Shriner, & Co., for the• manufacture
of Agricultural implements in that place. In
1861 they manufaCtured 100 "Buckeye Reapers
and flowers," doubled that amount in 1862, and
doubled the amount of 1862 in 1863, and were
still unable to supply the demand. In 1864 they
established new v‘orks in a shop 266 feet by 157,
and other buildings, giving employment' to fifty. :
five hands. Such men are not only an honor, but
a blessing to the community.,
THE Money-Order Office, established Novem
ber 1,1864, had reseed at the close et 16e fiscal
year, ending June 30, 1865, over 74004:in0ae1 4-
orders, amounting to $1,360.122•551. Ileamount •
of fees received was $11,53410, of which sum
postmasters received one-third, and: the Govern
ment the remainder. During the eight months
referred to there were 143 offices in operation
nt an aggregate expense during that pe ed of
$18,52417. There are now 420 °Soo mg or