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'MOW OF PUBLICATION.
THE FRANKLIN REPOSITORY la published
,morning by "THE REPOSITORY
ASSOCIATION," at 82 (SO per annum: IN A.ovsicct, or
SE if not paid within the year. All subscription se
sOunts 1411 ST be Ala annual/v. No paper will he sent
out of the State unleid paid for in advance, amrall such
subscript/erns will invariably be discontinued at the expi
ration of the time for which they are paid.
ADVERTISEMENTS are inserted at FlprEEs COTS
per line for 1121nt insertion, and TEN CENTS per line for sub
sequent Insertions. , A liberal discount is made to persons
advertising by the quarter, Mar-year or year. Special na
bees charged one-half more than regular advertisements
All resolutions of Associations; commonications of limited
Or Individual interest, and wilco of marriages and Deaths
exceeding five lines, are chargedfilteen cents per line.
All Legal AVotices of may kind, and all Orphans'
Court and other Judicial Sala, are required by /me to be
advertised in the REPOSrrOla—ft having the LAECEST CM
CULATION of anypaperpublishcd in the county of Pronlain.
JOS PRDITISO &every kind in Plain and Fancy col
ors, done With neatness and dispatch. Hand•bills, Blanks,
Cards, Pamphlets, &c : ...0f every variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The RP...Marron! OFFICE has Jost
been re-rated with Steam Power and three Presses, and
every thing In the Printing line can be executed in the
most artistlo manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS DI
ar Mr. John K. Shryoek Ls our authorized Agent to
receive Subscriptions and Advertisements, and receipt for
the saute. MI letters should be addressed to
M'CLUEE & STONER, Publishers.
Coat, - Lumber, Scr.
CARPENTERS MD BUILDERS!
The undersigned hate now on band, at their
-PLANING — Min FLOORLNO MILL,
a tarp supply of Sash, Shutters, Demand Blinds for sale,
or made to order.
Mouldings of all descriptions, from half inch to 8 inche
Plainand Ornamental Scroll Sawing neatly executed.
Also—Wood Turning In all its branches. - Newel Posta,
Banisters, Bed Posts, &c.„ on band. ,
Alarge supply of Dressed Flooring for sale.
Also—Window and Door Frames on hand or made at
short notice. HAZELET, VERNON & CO.,
febl tf Harrison Avenue, Cluunhersburg, Pa.-
NOTICE TO FARMERS
100 TOES OF TIMOTHY HAY
Wanted by Gto. A. Dtrrz.
200 WALNUT LOGS
Wanted 17) , GEO. A. DEITL
100 ASH LOGS
Wanted by Ggo. A. Danz
100 T.AlEar CHERRY LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. pEnz.
WHEAT, RYE, COEN, OATS,
and all kinds of thoduoo bought by di°. A. DEITZ, at
ids Warehouse above the Railroad Depot.
STOVE AND LINE COAL
far eels cheap, by the toil or half km.
OAK AND HICKORY WOOD
by the and or ball cord.
OAS AND EROKORY WOOD,
sawed and split for stove use, by the cord or ball cord.
WINDOW AND DOOR SILLS,
of Oak, Walnut and Pine, always on hand.
WINDOW AND DOOR-FRAME STUFF,
and all kinds of LIMBER, snob as Oak and Pine Plank ;
Oak,Walnnt, Pine andllemlock Boards; Plodring Boards,
Joists, Scantling, Shingles, Paling, Laths, 6t e.
BEST OF 11.00FRiCi SLIOTE
always on hand, and roofs pat otthy the best Slaters, who
have drama medals for their anperior workmanship.
CALL AT DEITZ'S WAREHOUSE,
above the Railroad Depot, and bay cAeap.
LEONARD EBERT & SON,
COAL AND LUSEBER MERCHANTS: .7...
We have on hand all kinds of Coal and Lumber," and
are prepared to furnish Bill Luniber to order at short no
tice, all at the most reasonable task; Our stock of Dun
bar consists of
White Pine 2 Inch Plank,
li " select Plank.
" " Plank.
" 1 }
select and Culling Boards,
I" Siding (6 inch,)
Best River Shingles,
" " Siding,
" Joist and Scantling, all sizes,
Hemlock Joist and 'Scantling,
Yellow Pine Boards, Joist and Scantling,
:Paging and Plastering Lathe.
We have also always on hand a good supply of all
kinds of Coal fora:wee and lime-turning. Also a "snow
rior satiate of Breadtop Coal for blacksmiths. The pnb
lle are Invited to give ns a call, as we 'will endeavor to
give satisfaction to all that call.
Coal and Lcunber,famished an the cars to \ smy station
on the Franklin Railroad..
rir Office on Second St., in rear of the Jail Yard,
Chambersbarg, Pa. O. EBERT & SON.
STEAM SAW. MILL.—The undersign
ed have erected and in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near Citaffenbarg Springs, and are
prepared to saw to order Bills, of WHITE OA$ PINE,
HEMLOCK or any kind of timber desired, at the short
est notice and at tow rates, One of the firm will be at the
Hared of Sam'l Greenawalt, in Chambersburg, on Satur
day the 24th lost and on each alternate Saturday thereaf
ter for thepnrpoea of =wanting for the delivery of lum
ber. LtIMBE DELIVERED at any point at the Low-
EST RATES. All letters should be addressed to them at
Graffenbiag P. 0., Adams Co., Pa..
decl.4.ly SHLTENBERGER & BRADY.
mgr Small lots of Lumber, Shingles, &c., from our
an be procured at any time at
W. P. EYSTER & BRO'S,
- Market Street, Chatobersbrirg.
SMALL, BENDER •&
York and Gold:borough, Pa.,
AND 4LCRIPACTURERS 07
SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS, BLINDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, 4c.,
Peep constantly on hand a well selected stock of seas
onable Lumber, viz:—Joist and Scantling, Weatherboard
ing, dressed Flooring, Siding, Laths, Shingles, Palings and
IMP White Pine and Oak Bills, sawed to order at the
shortest notice. All communications should be addressed
to YORK, PA. [eep2S-ly
8111 LDIN G LUMBER.—The under
signed ismepared to saw all kinds of Building Lum
ber at Ilse lowest market price. It. A. RENFREW,
GIBMINICOOD MILLS, Fayetteville P.O. dec2B-ly
B E - R.- -All kinds of Lumber for
..1-1 tale at reasonable rates at A. 8. MONS'S Mill, near
Qniney, Pa. Jalyl9•tf
eai rotate *atm.
PUBLIC SALE.—The undersigned
win offer at Public Sale, on Saturday, the 9tk day
of September, nest, on the premises, a very nesirable
SMALL FARM, situate in Antrim township, near
Brown's MSII, adjoining lands of Capt. James M. Brown,
Joseph Fues, and Simon Shank, containing 30 ACRES
of excellent LIMESTONE LAND, with a two storied
LOG MOUSE, Log Barn, and other necessary baild.ings
thereon erected. There is a never failing 'Spry of good
water near the dour and a thrifty young Orchard of choice
fruit, in bearing order, on the property.
Sale at 1 o'clock, P. M., on said day, when the terms
will made known.
angl64t ROBERT A. M'CLEARY.
PUBLIC SALE.—By virtue of an order
of the Orphans' Court of Franklin county, Pa., the
undersigned acting for Catharine Harkins, Executrix of
Patrick Campbell. late of the Borough of Chambersburg,
dec'd, will expoxelo Public Sale, on the premises, in the
Borough of Chambersburg, on Saturday, September the
161.1, IEOS, at 10 o'clock, A. M, ARAL F•L 0 T of
GROUND, 32 feet front and 2".,iti feet deep, situated on
East Market St., South side, 'between Seller's Hotel and
Franklin Bail 13.0441. Terms made known by
JOHN R. ORR, Agent and Atty. for
Cat h. nankin's, Executrix of Patrick
at43 2 :3
PRIVATE SALE.—The subscriber of
fers, at private sale, a very desirable TRACT OF
LAND, situate in Otillford township, about 31 miles from
Chambersburg, on the Waynesboro Road. containing
EIOHTY•THREE ACRES of first quality Limestone
Land, about 7 Acres of which are covered with excellent
Timber. The Improvements area STONE DViELLLNO,
HOUSE, Stone Bank Barn, Wagon Shed, Corn Crib, and
other out•bnlldings. There is a Well of good Water and
a cistern at the House, and a cistern at the Barn. There
are two Orchards on the premises.
sug94r ' DA V lli) H. BONEBREA K.
FARMS FOR SALE.—The sub
scriber,. offers at Private Sale TWO FARMS and a
LOT OP MOUNTAIN LAND. Personsdisposedtopnr
chase will please call on the undersigned, residing on the
Mansion Tract, on the Baltiraore turnpike, one mile East
of Fayetteville. June2l.lf JOHN G BIGHAM.
J,.C., RICHARDS, H. D. InO. Morroo2daar, M. D.
RICHARDS & MONTGOMERY have
emaciated themselves In the Practice of Medicine,
and kml= l E: l d an office iii Dr. Richards' new building,
on Blain a few doors South of the Diamond.
All persons debted to either of the above, will please
make early settlement of the same. (aug'24-tf)
R. J. S. MAURER OFFERS HIS
as a Physician and Surgeon to the citizens
of St. Thomas And vicinity. Promptness at all hours.
Residence opposite the Post OlEce. aprill9•6to
Drf. S. HUBER offers his profess
ocal services as Physician ancl Surgeon to the citi
sena of Greenvillage and vicinity. augM-Em
'nR. W. H. BOYLE will Attend prompt-
V. to all profeamanai calls. Odee in the Vestibule
alto mow School House EST the Salk. igeg".
BY WCLURE & STONER.
ilea testate *ate.
-V-kLIJABLE STEAM PWING AND
'SAW MILL FOR SALE,—By virtue of an order
Cl the Orphans' Court of Franklin county,the andersignod,
Administrator of the Estate of Rev. Joseph Clark, dealt
will expose to sale by public ontery, on the premisekol
the Planing and Saw-Mill, on THURSDAY, THE SE 2
ENTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER next at one o'clock on'
laid day, the following valuable property --
Ist The undivided on.TMED INTEREST in a lot
of ground in Chambersburg, close to the Cumberland Val
ley Railroad, with connecting track, on which 1 3 erected a
Frame PLANING AND SAWMILL, with all the neces
sary machinery for manufacturing all articles usually man
ufactured in such establishments, and a good steam-power
capable of driving all the machinery in the mill and a
In good order.
lnd. The undivided one-third interest in all the worked
and unworked Timber and material on hand.
3rd, The undivided one-third part of a Let of Ground.
adjoining the mill property, fronting on Broad street and
running to the Cumberland Valley Rallrthd, containing
abort one acre.
4th. 'The undivided one-third part of a I,ot of Ground
fronting on Broad street and vunlog to the Railroad, adjoin
ing property of said decedent on the North; with a double
TWO-STORY FRAME House, good stabling, corncrib&c., thereon erected. Thahotomiis quite large enough for
sth. The undivided one-third of a Lot of Ground front
ing an broad street. and ratting south to an alley, with a
TWO-STORY BRICR DWELLING 110 B E thereon
6th. The undividetione-third of a tract of TIMBER
.LAND, purchased from Mr. Geo. W. Immell, adjoining
lands of Jacob Nickles, Jacob Lehman and 'Samuel Mel
linger, In Guilford township, about three miles from
Ctuunbersburg, containing 20 acres and 95 percrhes. Part
-Otitis tract is covered with very fine Oak bather. -
...7th. The undivided one-thlrd part of a tract of land pur
chased from Michael Diehl, situate in Antrim township,
adjoining lands of Id, Diehl, Col. D. 0. Gebr and Mrs.
Meaty. containing fifteen acres. This tract is covered with
very superior OAK TIMBER and to very valuable.
Bth. The undivided one-third interest of a trectof Moun
tain Land, situate in Hamilton township, adjoining lands
of Mr. Snyder and others about 8 miles West of Chambers
burg. containing 27 acres. This tram has been cut off
within a few years, and is novrgrowing up with fine Chest
91b.. The undivided one-third interest In eight horses,
three wagons, gears, chains &c, complete.
OP Possession will be given of all the above property
Immediately upon the purchaser or purchasers complying
with the terms of sale.
Eir The entlielnsiness portion of Cnambe:rsburg was
burned by the rebels, and is now being rebuilt rapidly
and in very good style. It offers the best opening for en
terprising mechanics or butt's to conduct the businusof
a Planing and Sam-Mill of any torn in the State.
Mr Terms will be made known on day of sale bbyy
A. R. M'CLURE,,
augl6 Adm'r of Joseph Clark, dedd.
The undersigned, owner of another UNDIVIDED
ONE-THIRD of all the above described property, will
also offer his interest for sale at the same time and place,
and upon same terms, and possession willbe given to the
purchaser or purchasers immediately on compliance with
the terms of sale. The remaining undivided one.third is
owned by a practical and experienced mechanic in the bu
siness, and the new purchasecor parchasersaan goatonee
into a VERY LARGE and PROFITABLE BUSINESS.
VALUABLE TOWN- PROPERTY FOR
SALE.—By virtue of an order of the Orphans' Court
of Franklin county, the tmdemignod, Adminhstrator of the
estate of Rev. Joseph Clark, deceased, will sell by public
outcry, on the premises, on THURSDAY, THE SEV
ENTH DAY OP SEPTEMBER next, the following de
1. The Lot and Dwelling House of the late Rev. Joseph
Clark, situate on Broad street, Chatabersborg, and run
ning to the Cumberland Valley Railroad. The lot con
tains about one acre, and is rod condition, with trees,
frpit, &c., planted and growing we11." . .1 The House is
large storrand.a.half cottage building; constructed of
Brick, in the best style, well finished and admirably ar
ranged throtighont. It is one of the Most commodious and
comfortable dwellings in Chatribersburg.
2. A Lot containing nearly one acre, adjoining the dwel
ling house on the south, fronting on Broad street and run
ning to the Railroad. It adjoins the Pinning MU on the
- 3. A Lot of Ground adjoining the mansion property:On
the north. fronting on Broad street and running to the Rffil.
mad, with a small, twastory REICH HOUSE thereon
4. A Lot fronting on the Railroad, and adjoining the lot
last above described, with a small frame house thereon
S. A Nature Lot containing abut one acre, fronting on
Broad Street, adjoining lots of T. B. Kennedy and others:
Possession of the above properties will be given
on the Ist of April next, excepting the unimproved lots,
of which possession will be given immediatell i
Terms will be made known on day of sale
A. K. WC ÜBE,
angl6 Adm'r of Joseph Clark, dec'd.
ATALTJABLE FARM AT PRIVATE
r •SALE.—The undersigned \ offers at Private Sale,
all that certain TRACT OF LAND situate near Xear
foss' Cross Roads, on the road leading from Hagerstown
to Mercersburg, in Washington County, Md., containing
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-SEVEN ACRES,
more or Imo, about one hundred mud flftyoleron acres of
which is cleared and in a good state of cultivation and
the tolence covered with a FINE BODY OF TIMBER.
The improvements consist of a comfortable
WEATHERBOARDED Loa HOUSE,
A STQNE HOUSE,'=
(under which there Is an elegant Spring of Water;)_ A
LARGE LOG BANK BARN, WAGON SHEb and
CORN CRIB, and all necessary out-buildings.
The land is a mixture of lime and slate and is most de
sirable situated, being.withing five miles of Hagerstown
and easy of access to market.
There are two never failing Springs of Water, at the
Dwelling House, which run through most of the fields on
the farm, making Icons of the best stock raising farms in
Possession given on the first of April next.
For full particulars call upon or address the subscr i ber,
residing on the premises. JOSHUA NEWCOMER.
Chambersburg REPosrroax and Lancaster Examiruir
copy - 4 times and send bill to this office for collection--
Hagerstown Herald, augia4t.
SHENANDOAH VALLEY LANDS!'.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY n HARRLSONBURG, VA
TOWN AND COUNTRY PROPERTIES FOR'SALE.
We have now for sale very desirable Farms, located in
the counties of Augusta, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Page,
Pendleton and Hardy.
The Farms c6ntam from 40 to 500 Acres„ and we are
privileged to sub-divide large tracts of land If desired by
Many of the Farms are within an easy drive of the
county town fn which they are located, thereby seeming
an early market.
The improvements are generally good, and on the farms
ore springs and naming streams of water, as well as plenty
of the very best timber.
It is sufficient recommendation for these lands to say
that they We in the very heart of the Shenandoah Valley,
which has a world-wide reputation for fertility of soil and
beauty of Scenery.
„sr - W For description of properties and terms, apply or
Co address ' us at our
026 .e ,
In Han .l isonburg, Rockingham
unty; Va. p.3ml
pugl. IC SALE.—WiII be offered at
Public Sale, on the premises, on Thursday, the sth,
day of Oaobor, 1865, at 10 o'clock, A. M., the following
desirable Real Estate, viz: A TRACT OP LAND, sit
nate in Montgomery township, Franklin county, Pa.,
within two and a -half miles of Mercersburg, andone
fourth of a mile from the Pike leading to Greencastle,
bounded by lands of Dr. J. W. Meister, Noah Myers and
others, containing 110 ACRES and 22 PERCHES. The
above Farm is in a high state of cultivation. and has there.
on over five hundred pannelsof good Post-aed•Rail Fence.
The rmprovemeate are a 'good BRICK HOUSE, with a
good Log Kitchen and Dining room attached; a good
double Log Barn, shedded all round, with two Floors ;
Brick Granary; Carriage Home; Wagon Shed; Smoke
Home, &c. There is also, on the premises, a well of
.never.failing Water, with Pump in it, near the Dwelling:.
running INUter convenient for stock. and a good thriving-
Orchard of grafted Fruit. A small portion of said Farm
is in good Timber. There is a good Water Power and
Mill Seat on said premises. Also, about 17 Acres of good
TIMBER LAND, about one-fourth of a mile from said
Farm, which will he sold with or without the above, to
Persons wishing to view the premises. previous to
sale, can do so by calling on the undersigned, residing
thereon. JAMES WITH ERSPOON,
augl6.6sts Ezior of John Witherspoon, deed.
Tw 0 FARMS AT PRIVATE SALE.
—the subscriber offem the &Rowing Real Estate,
consisting of Two Small FARMS, situate in Lurgan
township, Franklin county, Pa, on the Roxbury and
Muldlespring Road, and adjoining lands of M'Clay, Koser
and others. The first tract contains 68 ACRES and odd
perches of Ant rate YELLOW SLATE LAND, the
most of which has been well Limed, is well fenced and in
a good state o foultivation. 'This tract contains about 16
Acres of Timber land. The improvements are a good
LOG DWELLING HOUSE, and Double Log Bar%.: and
other out:build:op an exbellent well of never failure wa•
ter with pump in it. near the door, and a young Orchard
of choice Apple Trees in bearing order. Also, an abuts
dance of Peaches and other fruit trees.
TRACT Sill 2, adjoining the alxrve, -13 the same roan•
tity and quality of land ; aboutone•ha}Fl+well limed, find
under good fences, and contains 16 ACRES of timber.
The improvements are a new Two Story BRICK HOUSE
and Frame Barn, and other out•buings, good water'
and a choice variety of Fruit, embracing Apples, Peach , '
The above properties will be sold eeperately Or tegetb
er, to suit purchaser.
iller Terms will be made may.
Por further particulars call on the subscriber, residing
on the premises, or address him at
T Poxbury, Pa.
acep-4t JOlll4 HIRJEIif.
A DESIRABLE FARM FOR SALE.-
Will be sold by . Public Out-cry, on the 30th of Sep.
umber nal, TWO HUNDRED AND SEVENTEEN
ACRES of (travel and Slate land, tamale In Hamilton
township, Franklin county, Peons, about 5 miles South-
West of Chambentburg. This farm is well Watered, bar
ing Water M every field end well calculated for raising
stock. The improvements are a LOG LOUSE. (Weath
erboarded,) Log Barn, Wagon Shed. large Hay Shed,
Spring Heade, Smoke Home and Wash House, with a.
Well of never failing Water at the door. On another met
of the farm there is a Log House, part Weatherboarded.
and-Log Barn and Wagon Shed. This tract of land is
all In a good state of cultivation and all under good fence.
Back Creels inns through the farm, where improved
Flood Fezves are put up, There le ales twenty-five acres
of TIMBER, and also a good Tenant House. There to
upon the farm LSO FRUII TREES, Just commencing to
bear. It Is well suited to divide into two farms. This
farm Joins lands of John Miller, David Glpe, John Grove,
Jacob Picking and others, and will be sold without rer
serve. Persons wishing to purchrote will please call and
view the premises. - (aug2) JOHN SARVER.
V ALUABLE FARMS AT PRIVATE
SALE The Undersigned offers at Private Sale,
his FARM, situated in Lwan township, Franklin coun
ty, Pa., adjoining lands of John 'E. and 'John M'Clay,
Daniel Climb:wet Joseph Mowers, and others, near the
onodogulnett ark, and about 5 miles from Shippers
urg, containing we ACRES of good SLATE LAND,
well limed. 70 acres of this tract is well TIMBERED,
25 acres in MEADOW and the balance in a high state of
cultivation, all in excellent order and well fenced, The
above Fa , m will be equally divided and sold separately.
The Improvements on the cue tract are a two storied log
WEATHERBOARDED HOUSE, new Bank Barn ,2
feet long tiagon shed and all other necessary and maven:
lent outhulldings. There is a Well of never falling Wa•
ter at the door. There is a good TENANT HOUSE on
the Second tract with a well of Water convenient to the
House, and all necessary ont-baildlngs There is an Or
chard of choice fruit on both of the above tracts.
Persons wishing_to view the Farm can do so by calling
on the subscriber, living in Hamilton township, or on John
WClay, adjoining the Farm.
auglo43m JOHN ZOOS.
ITN P ART ITIO N.—John Slichter vs.
.Susan Sabra, widow, and Jacob Rife, Guardian, of
Abraham Rohm Anna Mary Sahm, Susan E. Sahm, and
Jonathan Sahm. heirs at law, of Abraham Salon, deo'd. In
the court of Common Pleas of Franklin county, Pa. No.
21, April T, 1864. Brere-de partitions facienda. June 6,
1865. The court order and decree a sale of the Real Es
Notice is therefore given by the undersigned, that in
pursuance of said order and decree, he will expose to Pub
lie Sale, on the premises, on Saturday, the 2d day of Sep
tember ear, the following described real estate, viz: A
TRACT OF LAND, situate in Letterkenny township,
in said county, containing 249 ACRES and 115 PER
CHES neat measure, bounded by lands of Jacob Rife,
Michael Dice. Daniel Bitchier, John Brake, Frederick
Deck, John Deck and others. The improvements are a
two storied LOG DWELLING ROUSE, a Stone Bank
Barn and other necessary outbuildings.
TEmia—The sum of one thousand dollars to be paid
at the time of sale, and the balance on the lot day of Au
gust, 1866. [argil] SAMUEL BRANDT, Sheriff.
PUBLIC SALE OF VALUASLEAEAL
ESTATE.—The undersigned offlertrfOr Sale, at
Public Out-cry, on the premises, in Milford township, Ju
niata County, Pa., three miles from..ldifilintown, on the
mad leading to Johnstown, on Tuesday, the 12th day of
September, 1255, the following' Real Estate to wit : A
TRACT OF LAND, situated as above stated, and ad.
joining lands of Moses Kelly, William Stewart, John P
Kelly and others, containing about ACRES, about
175 of which are cleared and under good cultivation, (being
good Limestone land) and the balance being TIMBER
LAND. The improvements consist of a two story STONE
DWELLING HOUSE, Bank Barn, Corn Crib, and oth.
er out.bußdinge. Also a TENANT HOUSE. There is
a good spring of water near the House, and also running
water In the Perm. The wed is one of the best and most
pleasantly located Panne in the county.
Any person desiring to view the above property can
call on Mr, Joseph Punk, residing on the premises.
Sale to_commence at 1 o'clock, P. M., of said day, when
attendance-will be given and terms made known by
8 12 0 4 s WM. E. POMEROY.
ORPHANS'- •COURT SALE —By virtue
of an order of the Orphans' Court of Franklin coun
ty, the undersigned will offer at Public Sale, 0 It Saturday,
the 16th day of September next, on the premises, near the
town of hiercersburg, the following real estate, belonging
to the estate of John Shrader, late of Montgomery town
ship, deo'd, viz:
A TRACT OF LAND, situate in Montgomery team
ship, adjoining the town,of 3iercersburg, bounded by lands
of Mrs. Eliza McDowell, Miss Reynolds and Wm, Boyd,
containing 10 ACRES nnd 96 PERCHES, more or less.
Also—A-TRACT OF LAND, situate in said township,
also adjoining the town of Mercersburg, bounded by lands
of the hews of David Unger, deed, Wm. Beck and the
Comer road, containing 3 ACRES and 53 PERCHES,
more or less, having thereon erected a one and a half stor
ied Weather-boarded DWELLING ,HOUSE, a Log Sta
ble, and other buildings.
Sale at 1 o'clock, P. M, when the terms will be made
known. WILLIAM BOYD,
ang23.3t Trustee to sell. -
FARM AT PUBLIC SAL E.—Will be
offered at Public Sale, on the premises, on Tara/day
Ike sth day of October, 286.5. at 10 o'clock, A. M., the lot
lowing_ desirable Real Estate, sit: A FARM, situate in
Montgomery townMilp, Franklin county, Pa., about three
miles frcrm Mercersburg, oa the road leading to the Corner,
bounded by lands of Daniel Miller. Abram and Noah My
erg, containing 19.5 ACRES OF SLATE LAND, nearly
all of which has been fresh limed, and on which there is
about five hundred pannels of good Post.and•Rail Fence.
The Improvements are, a good LOG DWELLING
HOUSE ; good Log mid Frame shedded Barn • Wagon
Shed and Cam Crib ; a well of never•htiling Water in the
yard, and a fine young Orchard of choice Fruit. About
twenty acres of the above tract is excellent TIMBER.
jar Persons 'wishing to view the premises, previous to
sale, can do so by callow on the undersigned, residing
about one-fourth of a mile from them.
aug 19, 1863-ts JAMES WITHERSPOON.
WOOLEN FACTORY AND REAL
v . ESTATE FOR SALE.—The undersigned offers
at Private Sale the property well known as GOOD'S
WOottErc FACTORY, siscusted in Wee° township,
Franklin county, Pa., one mile: north of Fayetteville, on
the Cot Spring Hun, a never . fulling gtrwire, with sun.
cleat head and fall for driving any kind of machinery.—
The Factory is a two Storied Frame Building, with a set
of Carding Machines, Fulling Mill, 2 Power Looms Spiry.
log Machine and every thing necessary for the bystuesa
There le also a Coloring House convenient to the factory.
Also-58-ACRES of LAND, 2O Acres of which is under
fence, the balance is well set:with young chestnut timber:
The Improvements area two Storied ROUGH-CAST
DWELLING, near the factory, 2 Tenant Houses, Wagon
Shed, Stable and other ant braidings.
The Factory is well known andlias at present a good
ran of custom. For further particulars apply to or ad
dress MICHAEL GOOD, Fayetteville, P. O.
GOOD FACTORY, Ang. -3111
VALUABLE FARM AT PUBLIC
SALE—The undersigned, Executors of Jacob Mc.
Ferran, dec'd, will offer at Public Sale, on the premises,
on Saturday, Ow '2d day of Se pte mber nest, the YALCA.
BLE FARM belonging to the heirs of said deceased; sit.
"nate In Guilford township, 3 miles from Chambersburg,
near the Waynesboro' mad, containing about 15:l ACRES
..of excellent LIMESTONE LAND, In a good state of cut.
eration The Improvements are a two-storied BRICK
DWELLING HOUSE, Wash House and Smoke Hone,
a Stone Bank Barn, Log: Tenant House, and other neces.
carp buildings. There is an excellent Well of good Wa
ter and Cistern at the door, and an Orchard of choice Fruit .
on the premises. About 25 ACRES of the land is col - erect
with first rate TIMBER.
Sale at 1 o'clock, V. M. Terms made known at the sale.
HENRY SNIDER, of Jacob,
angl6.3t PHARES M'FERREN.
TRUSTEES' SALE.—There will be ex
posed to sale, by way of public outcry, on Thursday,
&panther 28th, on the premises, the following described
Real Estate, situate in Quincy township, Franklin county,
Pa., containing 160 ACRES and allowance. adjoining Le
vi Sanders, Robert !Chesney and Samuel Bear, about 120
Acres of which are, clear and 12 Acres good Meadow—all
fenced and under goatcoltivation. There is a good two.
story STONE DWELLING. HOUSE, Stone Spring
House, Stone Barn and other buildings thereon erected.
The Land is Limestone, and lies 3 miles North of Waynes•
bona, on the road leading to.Chambersburg. Little Antie•
taro flows through the tract, and the cattle have access to
water from every field but one.
TERMS :—One-half of the purchase-money to be paid
let April, 1866, balance is two equal annual payments,
bearinglaterest from let April, 1866.
an,go DANIEL MYERS.
ORPHANS' COURT SALE.—By virtue
of on order of the Orphans' Court of Franklin Ca,
Pa,, I will expose to Public Sale, on the premises, on Fri.
day, the 72nd day of September, ISO,. at 1 o'clock, P. AL,
all that TRACT of LAND, situate to Guilford township,
said county, adjoining lands of Wm. Reed, Jeremiah
Harmon, Fred'k Gelwix and others, on the road leading
from Marion to Greenwood, about li miles East of the vii.
lags of New Franklin, containing about 130 ACRES neat
measure. This tract is all Limestone, with a Log Wpath -
erboarded DWELLING HOUSE, Wash House, Lug
Barn, Frame Wagon Shed with Corn Cribs, a well of
never faillug water at the house, with cisterns at house
and barn. There are about 25 Acres in growing Timber,
with two Orchards of good fruit.
aug23 MRAII SOWERS.
pUBLICT:SA_LE.-By virtue of au order
of the Orphans' Courtof Frailklin county, Pa., the
undersigned agent for Mrs. Ann M. Shatter. widow of W.
IL Snetzer; deed, win expose to Public Sale, on the
premises, in Montgomery township, on Soturdag„ Septem
her 9, 1895, A Tract of good SLATE LAND, containing
about 20 ACRES, four Acres of which are Wood Land,
bounded by lands of Plum, t% hitmore and others. There
is on this a property a LOG HOUSE. Log Barn, a Spring
of excellent water, convenient to the buildings, an Or'
chard of choice fruit, Grape Vines, dc.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, on said day, when terms
of safe will be made known by
Agent for Ann M. Snetzer,
angla Admir. of W. H. Shatter, deed.
POR SALE.—A valuable FARM of 130
x`ACRES of excellent LIMESTONE LAND, 30
Acres of which are in good TIMBER, situated 1. of a mile
from the Welsh Run Post Office, Franklin county, Pa.,
and about 7 miles from the Franklin Railroad, in °high
elate of cultivation, with A No.l improvements, consisting
of a new doable two-story STONE ROUSE, 50x60 ft.;
a good new Stone and Frame Baru, 47:60 ft. Also, an
excellent Well of Water and two large Cisterns, which
hold from 75 to 100 hogsheads of water. There Is also a
Hue young Apple and Peach Orchard, Ice Room, dxo. It
Is also very near shops of 1111 kinds androills, which makes
a good market for grain. Title good and clear of all in.
cumbrances. Possession given immediately. Apply to
the owner, on the premises.
JuneCl-tf Dr.'JOHN S. ANGLE.
pRIVATE SALE OF REAL ESTATE.
—The undersigned °Hemet Private Sale, about 70
ACRES of highly improVed wheat Growing SLATE
and GRAVEL LAND, situate about 2 miles f rom Chatn.
bersburpr, between the Turnpike and Misted's road, ad.
lands of Charles Evans and D. 8. Reisher. There
Is a large LOG BARN on the premises and a Well of_ex ,
(*Rent Water. Much of the above tract is watered by
Springs, used for meadows and pashtmge. The whole
to well fenced and In good condition, and will be sold In
whole or in parcels to suit purchasers. Possession given
immediately. ang9df D. 8. RENNER.
MILL PROPERTY FOR SALE.—The
subscriber Intending to move West, offers at Pri
vate Sale his valuable MILL PROPERTY, &nate in
Southampton township, Franklin county, Pa., one mile
east of Orrstowo and four miles West of Shippensburg,
comprising 54 ACRES of land. with a Stone and Frame
GRIST MILL, running two pair of Burrs, a newSAW
MILL, anew hob storied BRICK DWELLING and oth
er necessary buildings thereon erected. Persona desiring
to Mebane will please call on the - undersigned, residing
on theproperty. f aug'2.3ml JACOBIKETZ.
CIIINBERSBURG, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1865.
The Situation of the City—The Conflagra
tion—Libby Prison, Castte - Thunder
and Belle island—The MonuMonumental
House—St. John's Church—The Ceme
tery—A Sunday in Richmond—Rev. Dr.
moore_The Freedmen—Condition of
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository, •
RICHMOND, July 20th; 1865.
In my at epistle, I left you at the wharf of
Richmond: You had such a fatiguing voyage„
that you may well -dread to follow me any fur
ther, and I know you have compared the Jameh
with the Jordan as to their facilities for travel.—
The city of Richmond, is situated on a high
plateau, running down in steep streets to the
James. As the river is too shallow for the kind
ing of vessels, excepting at one point by the shore,
a canal is constructed parallel to it, by which thex
are brought up and furnished access to a large
number of extensive warehouses, mills, &c. The
largest flouring mills in the world, it is claimed,
were found heie. I counted eight stories in the
blackened walls of one of these establishments.—
All of the city which lay between the river and
the hill, and where the commission houses, tobacco
warehouses, mills, etc., were built, was burned on
the night of the hasty evacuation, together with
the fine bridges which connected Richmond with
Mauch - ester, a village of manufactories, opposite.
The conflagration ran up into the city, consuming
the principal business street, and many squares of
intersectink ones. Hundreds of costly buildings
were left a pile of ruins. lt wealthy and loyal
merchant of the city, estimated the destruction
sustained by that fire, at $30,000,000. The burn
ing of Richmond was a cowardly and atrocious
act, productive of no possible advantageto the
cause of treason. It could not have retarded the
progress of our army ; the possession of the unin
jured city could not have been of any appreciable
advantage to us. The destruction of Moscow de
prived the French of shelter in a climate they
.could not endure. The burning of Richmond was
an evil to its people only. It was inflicted as By
ron tells us is the suicidal sting of the '
"Scorpion girt by are
When icily searched by thousand throes ,
And maddenthg In its Ire."
:What must have been the pbrensy of a native
general who would add the confusion and panic
of an universal conflagratien to a city about to fall
into the hands of an enemy, he had helped to teach
its citizens were cruel and merciless, intent on
spoil, and brutal rapine; who made the restrain
ing discipline of a victorious army in possession of
a city, which it had so long' struggled for, and
when so many of its members had been so bru
tally treated, almost a nullity! and, in the turmoil
and confusion, afforded such rare opportunities
for unbridled license, and this army composed of
Negroes; many of whom were but lately abject
slaves of the people in their power!
This destruction was perpetrated when the
confederacy was in the very article of death, ac
knowledged to be so by its leaders, with its armies
ready to sum oder. It was the barbarism So
long exhibited against their enemies inverted up
on themselves, in the true spirit of diabolism.
The fire-fiend himself, Gen. Ewell, a citizen of
Richmond, told a neighbor, (who informed me(
nearly a year ago that the cause of the rebellion
was lost. The flames were arrested by the Union
soldiers—the men. from'whom all cruelties were
anticipated, and from wltom valuables were hid
den in the gardens and all conceivable places of
privacy. When I contemplated the vast ruide,
to which the blackened walls of Chamberebujg
resembled a homeopathic dose of the extremest
dilution, I telt a melancholy resignation ; and con
cluded that in the burning Of Richmond two
wrongs had been committed—the one in the kind
ling of the flames, the other in their extinguish
As you go from the landing to the hotels, yon
pats Libby Prison and Castle Thunder, which
stand in harmoneons neighborhood, like sin and
death. They are now occupied as prisons for
'offenders generally and as store houses for quar
termaster's stores. I will not weary your pa
tience by adding my descnption of those infernal
buildings; but will only say that they are situated
in what must have been the most frequented part
of the city, and their horrors could not but have
been known, by personal observations, to the ma
jority of the citizens. So with Belle Island, which
lay in the narrow river, exposed freely to view;
and in a direction whither the inhabitants would
be most likely to stroll. And there thousands of
brave men, captured in the service of their coun
try, were crowded without shelter, naked and
starving, winter and summer! The portion of
the island, on which our men were huddled is a
narrow hat, with high hills bounding it in the
rear. On the crest of these hills, batteries were
placed, which the cruel gunners grew impatient
for a pretext to open upon the crowded Sufferers
below. Parrhausis, the ancient painter, who
watched with such hellish enthusiasm the dying
agonies of his crucified subject, was scarcely inore
immediately in contact with his victim'than the
people of Richmond, were with the writhing mei;
fittides, on Belle Island. No modern city has
been riper for destruction, and none so richly de
served the fate of Babylon.
We stopped at the Monumental Home, opposite
the State capitol. It is kept by.a Washingtonian.
The capitol stands upon a fine hill, in the heart of
the city, with pleasant grounds attached. It is a
rough-cast building, in its general style like our
Court House, with a rotunda. In the centre of
this is an old marble statue of Washington, erect.
ed by the State, and Gaffer, as much like your
blessed self, as I thought it resembled the father
of our country. The State Legislature and the
Rebel Congress met in this building. The rooms
are small and dingy, very meanly furnished. The
grounds are ornamented by large forest trees.
On the west front of the capitol an equestrian
statue of Washington, in bronze, stands upon a
lofty pedestal, at the of 'which colossal ima
ges of Jefferson, Mason and Henry are erected.
Three vacant platforms remain, upon which I
woulkput Floyd, M'Causland and Turner, as the
representatives of modern Virginia. A very fine
marble statue of Henry Clay also adorns the
grounds. Isn't it strange that the State would be
so-prompt to pay post mortem honors to the son
she never supported? Her conduct was like that
of the seven Grecian cities who vied with each
other in doing homage to
Though while the living Bonier begged his breath"
The most grateful object in the capitol grounds
by far was the Union soldiers enjoying themselves
is their shades, and the "grand old stripes and
stare floating triumphantly. The bronze statues
are very spirited, especially that of the "forest
I visited St. John's Churcb, where Henry_ de
livered the bold oration, in which he uttered the
famous exclamation, "Give me liberty or give me
death." His degenerate Virginian descendants
chose death against liberty. I was told that this
church, a white weather-boarfluilding, has pre
seried its individuality, and that the high and
Massive walls enclosing its grounds are built of
brick brought from England. In the surrounding
grave yard are the tombs sof many of the honored
dead, of - better 'days. The public cemetery of
Richmond, lying along the river, is a lovely spot,
located in the midstffitn my hills, and abounding
in huge forest trees. Upon the crest - of one of
these beautiful hills, commanding a wide view, is
the elegant mausoleum of Monroe, whose memory
and fame have been so shamelessly dishonored by
his recreant posterity, quit compelled this Repub.
lie to abandon, at the very time its maintenance
was most demanded, the doctrine he enunciated
that no foreign power aliould'he+permitted to in
terferein the affairs of this continent.
We Spent Sunday m Richmond, and in. the
morning attended a Methodist Church, arid in the
evening the Presbyterian of which Rev. Dr. Moore
is the pastor. There was but a slim attendance
in either. , This Rev. Dr. Moore is. well known
to your readers, having spent his youthful days in
Cumberland and Franklin counties. A peculiar
ly strong exemplification of northern influences,
this "mud-sill" (I borrow the term from South
ern nabobs, who use it to characterize. Northern
men not born in affluence, and I do not employ
- it in it disrespectful sense) was raised from his
humble position by the spirit which knows no
castes, but fosters and honors genius and ability
wherever found, and was fashioned and ornament
ed by an education secured by the charity of la
dies. He was transferred to a fashionable church
in Richmond, before the war, and desiring to do
in Rome as Romans would, he soon became the
noblest Roman of them all, and honored his iden
tification with his new madefriends by exerting
himself to make secesh sentincent;,"with all the
grace that yontig.inid fiery converts feel." I will
not repeat ther'fflequent charges of his offensive
treatment of out -prisoners, nor quote the indig
nant language of the Rev. Dr. Marks, a learned
and loyal Presbyterian divine, who was himself
incarcerated inthe loathsonie pest prisons of Rich
mond.— I wro. , ' -told by a gentleman who ought to
know, that Dr..3l..trad" been manifesting the re
turn of his first love4.during the dyingrrionths of
the rebellion, but there could not have been much
fulness of the heart, or he had not avoided the
mention ofhis country or its' rulers in his prayers
on the evening I heard his discourse.
- I said the churches were slimly attended : I
except the African church, an immense edifice
built lathe shape of a cross, each of whoSe limbs
would have made a large building'. It was-dow
ded with dusky worshippers, hanging, bteathless
on the impassioned eloquence Of: a colored broth
er from Philadelphia. Can yoti question, Gaffer,
the gratitude of this congregation of " Soldiers
in the army of the Lord i" The city is unusually
full of negroes, as it is a centre of efflux of the
ransomed of-the surrounding country. They feel
their liberty, and are happy :and hopeful, having
realized in the flesh what they had trustingly
hoped for only "on the other side of Jordan." It
is amusing to see them strutting about in secesh
uniforms, a costume, which, divested of confeder
atebuttont, is affected by the shabby chivalry. I
found them pretty well posted on the situation of
affairs, and that they bad kept up with Mr. Lin
coln's proclamations, yet with great doubts of
their coming to fruit. At Petersburg, a picinniny,
of about ten, I judge—but I am not able to do
much with the chronology of darkies—wasabsorb
ed in " putting a shine" on my allowance of leath
er, when I l asked hint if he bad anteater. "I
done and belOnged to Mr. M'Culloh, oast," he an
swered. "To whom do you belong now," I con
tinned. "I doesn'tbelong to nobody, only my
mother," he innocently replied. These young
AfriCans, Gaffer, or rather 'miscegenated Afri
cans, are full of monkey-shines--they caper, gy
rate, chatter, and go through as =my gymnastic
evolutions, as the sportive denizens •of it Brazil
ian forest. If I had been accompanied by a cer
tain accomplished friend of ours, my dear gossip,
who, as Sir Charles Bell writes, seems' driven by
the dread of being thought to harbor the belief of
"vulgar minds," and who considers that man
was the play-mate of the Mastodon, the cave bear
and their monstrous coevals, who embraces as
gospel the development theory ; who degrades our
Adam to an Ape (accoiding to Adam Clarke,
- such a '" Pretender" was a formidable rival of
our " general ancestor" even in Paradise) and
scouts the doctrine of the , unity of the Human
_Race, he would have revelled' in tfieargurnenis
supplied by those almost quadrumanic little be
The - musical instinct of the negro seems to be
as impressible as that of birds. I could hear
them everywhere t hantinglheir rude melodies,
while lounging lazily, or while Moving husily
about their work.
I need not tell you they are of varying shades,
ranging from charcoal to a brunette not distin
guishable from their ex-masters and mistresses.
Your readers may devise the causes of the deco'.
oration implied in the above assertion. A bright
and ingenuous young confederate, who showed us
points of interest in the city, told me that what
impressed hiin moat with the colored troopi;
which ; took position of the city, was their intense
blackness. The little fellow could not repress
his indignation at their energy in singing through
the streets their purpose of consigning Mr. Davis
to the " sour apple tree." t •
What is to become of the•immense population
of freedmen thrown suddenly on the hands of the
Government, it; a question demanding the study
of the most serious and able of our statesmen.—
Compared to this, the capture of a'city is a prob
lem of simple solution. They have suddenly en
tered upon a new state of existence; all unpre
pared for its vicissitudes. An unfledged bird,
thrown untimely from the nest, is scarcely less
helplt"!ss than the majority of them. Their former
mature, once their protectors, have no longer an
interest in them. feel embitered figaiust them nat
urally, and in many instances have not the ability
to maintain them, even if they had the disposi
A roving, restless inclination is apparent among
theta. Their new found liberty tempts them to
- wander i is bewildering allurements, as cattle
are enticain wide ranges of pasture grounds.—
Families are seen in all directions, with theitgro
tesque teamkof shadowy horses, strapped by fag
ends of whatever can be s knotted, tugging at ve
hicles resembling old lumber heaps resting on
wheels that have almost -practically solved the
Puzzle 01 squaring the circle. On these carts are
piled as high as the law of gravitation will permit,
heaps of squalid rags, cooking utensils, and
"Carboniferous measures" of grisly and withered
grand folks_and human studies of ebony, hardly
larger than the ornaments of jet affected by our
reigning belles. I stand stupified at the contem
plation of their future, and find relief only in the
reflection that He who cares for the young ravens
when they cry„ will give us wisdom to manage
aright those d efencelesvones whom, in His Prov
idence, He has unfettered. It is clear, however,
to my mind that our government must feed and
shelter many of them this -winter, or they - will
perish in large numbers, and will ihvolve our pfin
ishment in their sufferings. To give them-votes,
if in our power and proper now, (to which I dis
sent firmly) is not the great Consideration for phi- ,
lanthrophists; their material welfare is the press-
Mg demand of the 'hour. This is to be dealt with
by prneticalmen, by a class not familiar with the
floors of Congress, by the true men whose genius
and labor have made the power and.prosperitY of
ap,fier,l4o Wet enad to the torsion from
te river - id flighty pietareeque and delightfuL
The appearance of both the4omb and the man- -
thou has been farmliar to all Americans in illus. ;I -
crated - books from the childhood of most of those
Who now read the daily press. We have seen
this sacred spot many times' in the last thirty
years, and never saw it look better than now.
It may be interesting to many who are now -
visiting the place for the first time to know that
the remains of Washingtin Were originally deport- ,
........e. ited in the old vault which is pointed out to all
this country, despite the spoils-gatheL a 1 visitors endirfAmahogany coffin lined with lead.
gognes who appear at the surface o4;eing. The vault was damp and the wood was three
The unsettled state of the negr is ics :
reelstamale e where they f n e o le w b r e e i g4l l I 1113 laced m 1 11 t 4 , 3 h e new
greater than that of their former masteri.: vault was erected and thi remains e transferre—
jugated and sullen, stripped of poweri and i A Philadelphia marble worker proposed to fur
and unfitted to work. he Must aCiii rob a marble sarcophagus, but on visiting the
modate himself to circumstances, and toil for tombermp d a ec r lin at al to do
r ei tti ) if it was+o r
be wa l t: et
h i e e re te fo se re
subsistence. I presume but comparatively few erected in front of thervault, some dozen feet high,
these know what the war has left them; and allwith an arched gateway and a gate formed of
are waiting the action of the government to decide on rods. In this ante-ehag e ber on the right is
upon their future course: It is eo unmistakeably ,sarcophagus
11,71 1 :f a t im an .n :the r e re x:t a glig f e t m as t:
their necessity to be quiet and obedient, that I=
m t• pg the remains of Mrs. Washington; and it
believe the masses will become loyal as fast as es • te added, that her remains have been moved
the ashes of the - fire that so long raged in the phaU j as s
e th .x ns v e a o t f ed t . h f e ro g i r: Bo l- 6 d e Lj i t? o , ir m e Z
Southern heart can cooL However deserved is Tr wti l i , te hi arble m , and was placed there in 18t.—
this lamentable condition of the late insurrection- -l bel e vault proper are the bodies of many
ids, it affords me no gratification to continue it, co me
me neif,,tbBfitiniiy. Cfn either side, as you ,
indefinitely. My desire is simply to restore them scribed weV . trE nu e l g t, o stli e ds adi a n ma m rb e l ur e l e;be rti liti o l, t in- he _
to a condition of loyalty and its consequent pros- Wa shin g t°J :nu e ily. The design g upon - Washing
perity, disarming them from further possible tree- ton's sare q".ns covers the most of the top or -
son. With this view, I deem that all their pun- li pe d rpe , an n d di e c o u n iar sisi.
ia shield,divided intothirteen
ishment should fie exemplary ; that, though merit- and attached by l l,t; t c : B , B 7, o o u n e t e h m e l l , 3 , 3 a,tishedlt
ed, it should not be malicious or revengeful. I tassels, forminf a , ckgraund to the shield. The
would not indulge the revengeful passions of the crest
e pe a rt e r e em e r 7)1 1 ° e p e e° d and perching uPc‘t.tlis
hour in harshness that would tell disadvantage- arrows and olive bLebbielgelntyd etlillieteahrinalgonal
ously upon the future._ If justice did not demand bearing is the name, day scut tared , of "Wash- -
certain expiations, I would let the offenders go ingtnn: On
plain iof the other sareopha
scot frpe. If we were to visit retribution upon r el agto are a he w° '' B ' il:l w r g%tters, "Martha Wash-
. , \
all th4palkle of the South who have sinned unto An addition erected at of '
death, cold become a voiceless waste. Do after Washineto me h
, 11'8 ii - , - , BBB 9 ll eXt torn away, and
d of the mansion
not understand that I want a general pardon. Lhi t, 2 t :r i3 tru t f i tu e n . 3 l,l i l a th now e i t n we e. at p erm as when
Nay. I think justice requires that many of the know y n that the m er ansion b , le as o e ng (fl , , r iri y .
leading rebels should be hanged, banished, or left by Lawrence Washington, a er i e t ct ie ld w a ell nd .‘".
imprisoned ; otherwise the stability and security by Gen. Washington, a 'Section b i Z h a e d n de n d r t
of the government will be endangered. It is ev- f e a n c g h th en t il o ,
rt eu t a l k a i n ng !N lit now sten s, 96 t ea t i n
ident that the Administration is likely to err on the river, extending ° f e r t oin w e i n ti d l -ItloPeenrd.7 fronting
the side of leniency, and we can see already that tico having been decayed, has been rt= tr
the wicked leaders of the rebellion are losing an-exact copy of the old. The musk, is two
their settee of humiliation,' and are growing cur- P o tti on ti e e: a la,h, of n v t v e Td r. ,fi a n t lshet o in ur r t r e iii tatiotd free.
bulent and defiant. They are not yet done schem- doves, with the old-fashioned diminu e t e ive alni pl e win i
ing, and, in conjunction with sympathisers north, glass, look out upon beautifully sloping lawnisi t i no d
worse and more dangerous than they, may, in 'Clown upon the ricer : -from an elevation of to
another conspiracy - , not less formidable, because ha gro tred s
on fe t tt e a tt bove-the th river level. There are ti
unarmed, bring disgrace and anarchy upon the through the ec ee n r ti. ' e l 7from e s flaa . t ou t a o k ,l, l l lel..t.rlinnil)
country. - North room is the large dining hall, in which is the
Now, as you must have more of this " ecimpo• exquisite marble mantle-piece, wrought in Italy,
sition" than you can comfortably digest, I will s re h v i p o rig o o n n acannEjettvvre vessel d uring O de -Preach
:cut it off as abruptly as an Esquimau does his ly forwarded captured
the 'French goeve'rneemrei prompt
mouthful of blubber. FLUTER. Lafayette made known that it was a present from
VOL. 72...WH0LE N
From the National Intelligencer.
MOITN. T VERNON.
There has probably never been so great a
throng of visitors to this national shrine in the
history of the country . as at the present time.
The fine steamer running regularly thither from
this city is largely patronized, while multitudes
are daily going there by land conveyances. The
throng of soldiers thither is especially very nu
merous: The distance from Washington is some
fifteen miles, about nine below Alexandria.
At the death of General Washington, in 1799,
the Mount Vernon estate comprised several
thousand acres of laud in a solid body, extending
many miles on the Potomac river. A large part
of it was under tillage. • It was divided into five
farms, each cultivated by its own negroes with
an overseer, and the whole under a general su
perintendent, and all under the careful inspec
tion of the great chief himself. His own negroes
numbered one hundred and twenty; his wife's
were as many more. Wheat, corn and tobacco
were the chief products of the estate, tobacco be
ing, however, much less cultivated in the latter
yeart of his life than in earlier times. Upon the
estate there was a fine two-story stone corn and
flour mill, the remnants of which are still visible
on Dogne Creek, up which flatboats came along
side the mill. .The water to carry the mill was
brought in a race some mile and a half from a
" tumbling dam" up Dope Run. The old mill
house is still in good condition, and is occupied
by a colored family. Near this mill was also his
distillery. There were also a brickyarka car
penter establishment, blacksmith shop, the estate
forming, in fact, a sort of village.
Originally the 3ionnt Vernon estate consisted
of one-half of five thousand acres assigned to
Washington's great-grandfather, who, in conjunc
tion with Nicolas Spencer, patented it from Lord
Culpepper in 1670. In the division of his estate,
the father of Washington assigned this tract to
his elder brother Lawrence, who came here and
erected the mansion in 1743, naming it in honor
of Admiral Vernon, under whom he had served
as captain in a colonial regiment, in the West
Indies, in 1740. Lawrence died in 1752, leaving
a wife, the daughter of Sir William Fairfax, of
Belvoir, and one child—a daughter; and on the
demise of this daughter without issue ,
• happened, the estate fell to George, who had been
much an inmate of his family.
In 1759 General Washington married Mrs.
Martha Custis, (nec Dandridge) then residing on
her estate at the White House with her two chil
dren, and after remaining at that place acme
three months took up their residence at Mount
Vernon. She brought him in her own right more
than a hundred thousand dollars. They were of
the same age—twenty-seven years at their mar
In his will Washington divided the estate into
three parte. The mansion, with four thousand
acres, was left to his nephew, Bushrod Washing
ton, au Associate Justice of the United States Su-
Eareme Court. At the death of Mrs. Washington,
in 1801, Judge Washington became the proprie
tor of Mount Vernon, and continued there until
his death in 1829. Two of the old servants still
on the estate came tbere,with him, belonging to
his wife Anne, daughter of Colonel Thomas Black
burn. Two of General Washington's servants
still survive, also, residing some three miles from
Mount Vernon. Judge Washington having no chil
dren, left the estate to his nephew,John A. Wash
ington from whom the Ladies' Mount Vernon As
sociation purchased the two hundred acres ripen
which are the mansion and the tomb, for $200,-
000. Two thousand acres were willed by Wash
ington to two other members of the Washington
family,and the residue, upwards of two thousand
acres, including the fine Woodlawn estate. Was
given to Major Lawrence Lewis, a favorite ne
phew, whose wife was the beautiful and cultiva
ted Nelly Custis, grand-child of Mrs. Washington,
and the adopted daughter of General-Washing
Major Lewis erected a splendid mansion at
Woodlawn, in 1805, at a cost of $24,000. Maj.
Lewis, whose mother, Betty Washington„was
the sister of the great chief, died at Arlington in
1841, and hiswite died in 1852. The remains of
both, with those of a daughter, the wife of Chas.
M. Conrad, Fillmore's War Secretary, being de
posited in the Mount Vernon vault. Soon after
the death of Maj. Lewis, the Woodlawn estate
was sold by his only son, Lorenzo, to a colony of
Quakers from New Jersey, who still retain much
of it, divided into farms. The Woodlawn man
sion, with a splendid farm of 500 acres surround
ing it, belongs to John jhlalion, Eaq., who came
there from New Hampshire in 1850. The man
sion is of brick, with elate roof, and lofty . pit
tars fronting the liver on a commanding - site,.
looking down upon the whole Mount Vernon es
tate. Lorenzo Lewis died some years ago in
Clark _county, and the other daughter, the wife
of a Mr. Butler, is living in MissiguPPL
John A. Washington went to Fauquier county
with, his family in 1860, and purchased a farm
known as Wareland. His wile died suddenly
soon after, and it is well known that he fell, as
Colonel of a rebel regiment, early in 1801, leaving
a family'of seven children, the youngest two being
little boys, and the only male children ever born
at the Mount Vernon mansion. There are somh
one thousand acres of the Mount Vernon estate,
belonging to these orphan children, lying in close
proximity to the Mount Vernon mansion. 'The
Mount Vernon estate was probably never under
a finer state of cultivation than it is at thepresent
time. The farmers have been'ahipping manure
in large quantities from this city this season, and
piling if at their landings on the river for future
',use. At the present time there are two thousand
'Government mules grazing upon different farms
in that section. These mules are separated into
squads of five hundred, and with fifteen mounted
men to control them, are put into a heavy grass
field, kept closely together, and compelled to eat
clean as they go. A squad thus eats some more
than two acres of the heaviest grass in a day, for
which they pay five cents a head, or twenty-five
dollars for the squad. Thu ground behind them
looks as though no grass had grown there this
The grounds immediately wind the mansion
and tomb bear evidence of care and tsete. The
an American wine merchant, resident in Marseilles
to Washington. In this room are also the double
banked harpsichord, shaped like a modern square
piano—a wedding present to his adopted daughter,
Nell Custis ; the tripod which served Washing
ton in all his surveys, and the large set of matched
mahogany dining tables. The dining hall opens
at either end into an east and west parlor, in one
of which is an old, dilapidated, large globe, and in
the other an old sofa. The key of the Bastile—a
present from Lafayette—still hangs in the glass
case in the hall, and, by its side, the salhoutte ta
ken from life by a lady in Philadelphia. The li
brary room, in the south end, is occupied by Miss
Tracy, the accomplished and faithful agent of the
Mount Vernon Association. A bust of Washing
ton, cast in plaster by Hondon, and another of
Lafayette, facing each other high on the walls,
are the only observable relics: The bookcases,
built into the wall, with glass doors, fully occupy
one side of the large room. Over this apartment
is a small bedroom, where the great and good man
died. A bedstead, said to be an exact copy of
that on which he died, is the only article in the .
chamber. The family pictures were nearly or
quite all at Arlington, and were taken to -Rich
mend by Gen. Lee. The celebrated pitcher por
trait, upon the back of which was inscribed the
beautiful eulogy, and left in the mansion by an
unknown - hand, was carried away by John A.
Washington, and is in the possession of that family.
The long row of brick quarters still stand as
they have for thirty or forty years, since they
were partially destroyed by fire. In
Washington had his blacksmith and carpenteimg
establishments, and here now live the two old col
ored servants of whom mention has been made
as the servants that came here sixty years ago
with Ann Blackburn, the wife of Buahrod Wash
The "Ladies Mount Vernon Association," it is
well known, made their purchase in 1858, and
had made the last payment of $2,000 upon the
eve of the rebellion. The association bad expend
ed also $20,000 in improvements, in addition to
paying the $200,000 purchase money. Much still
. needs to be done, and the large amount of funds
at this time accumulating from the throngs of vis
itors, who pay an entrance fee each of twenty-five
cents, will do much for putting the national shrine
and preserving it in proper condition.
The scourge of the rebellion stayed its desolat
ing tide at the confines of these sacred acres. The
tomb .of Washington was made sacred on both
Pohick Church, where Wasinghton worshipped
till the close of the Revolution, has not escaped so
well. The last discourse in it.was a tempostous
disunion harange,by an itinerant Methodist preach
er on a Sabbath near theopening of the war. The
ancient edifice is now a shell ; notu window, door,
nor the smallest fragment Of the pews, pulpit
floor, are to be seen.
It was used early in the
war by soldiers for shelter, and later was turned
into a stable. The ancient tombettines of 'the
abandoned graveyard are lying and leaning around,
and desolation is painted in all its saddest forms
upon the scene. The old Pohick Church was
erected near this some one hundred and fittryears
ago. This was erected in 1772, and Washington
was the chief contributor in its erection. To this
church Washington for years regularly repaired,
some seven miles, allowing . no company to keep
him from the Sabbath service. The pew doors of
Washington and the great George Mason had been
carried away as relics before the war. The brick
walls alone now remain.
GENERAL GRAN-r.—Judge Moody, M. a speech
at the Sherman banquet, in St. Louis, spoke as
follows of Gen. Grant:
An intimate acquaintance of many years ena
bles me to do so. I knew Gen. Grant long before
this rebellion began. We were both poor then,
struggling for a livelihood. We bad no interest
in the rise and fall of stocks; we had no railroad
shares nor corneriots, and money for to-morrow's
market was often our chief subject of inquiry.
I knew him when he hauled wood to St Louis
on the Gravois road, a.sd later when, with impair
ed health, he sought the appointment to a county
office, but the wise county court could
_not see his
me r its. They appointed in his stead another man
bug since forgotten.
Three weeks ago I had an opportunity to call
on the General at his beautiful home on George
town Heights, and I declare to you now I can see
no difference in the manners of the man now and
when I first knew him. No fussy body-guard on
"lily horses," no obsequious orderlies, no white.
aproned lackeys followed him, and his three stars
never get above the horizon except when duty
requires them to appear.
In Gen. Grant the nation has a military leader
whom it need not fear to trust with power. He
is modest and unassuming to a fault; of incorrup
tible integrity, and ardent love of country; jetthius
of the military power and obedient to the civil;
devoted to present duty, whatever that duty may
he; plain and simple in his taste and manners; not
desiring, but studiously avoiding political popu
larity; a faithful and devoted husband, fond father,
,affectionate son. He never forgot a friend
or remembered an enemy. His great heart is
free from that master passion of little souls—per
GEN. GRANT, while at Springfield, Mass., con
versed freely upon topics of general interest con
nected with the army. He said that General Bu
ell was thoroughly versed in the theory of war,
but knew nothing about handling men in an emer
gency, and that his heart was never in the war
from the first. Ile said that Buell might have
reached Pittsburg Landing several days earlier
than he did, in which case General Grant would
have bee n the attacking patty. In speaking of
the cruel treatment of our prisoners, General
Grant said he did not think General Led- was es
pecially to blame about it, but that Davis and Ben
jamin were the ones who were responsible for it.
In regard to Mexico, ho expressed the opinion
that unless the French gave up Mean:rid protec
tion of Maximilian them would be war b etween
the United States and France. in lees than five
years. Mrs. Grant also talked freely, and when
ever she spoke of her husband it was"bly. ()flint."
It does not seem naturalto her to call-him (len