The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, August 23, 1865, Image 1

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•every Wednesday rooming by "TEE REPOSITORY
ASSOCIATION," at $2 SO per annum, &ADVANCE, or
SR if not paid within the year. in subscription ac
counts 341.7 r be scaled 'annualiy. No paper will be sent
out of the State toles% paid for in amine, and all such
subscriptions will Invariably, be disocnltinned at the expi
ration of the time for whicii they are paid.
ADVERTISEMENTS are inserted at In- t LEN CEEI
per line for find insertion, and TEN CElad per line for sub-
eequent insertions. A liberal discOunt is lade to persons
advertising by the quarter, half-year or year. Special no
tires charged oneltalf snore than regular advanisements.
All resolutions of Associations; communications of limited
or individual interest, and notices of Marriages and Deaths
exceeding five lines, are chargedfifteencent° per line.
:eV .1/1 Legal Notices of every kind, and alt Orphans'
Court and other Judicial Saks, are required by Imo to be
advertised in the REPOstioni—it haring the LOWEST CIR.
erugtiost of arty paperpubtished in the comity of Franklin.
• JOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Fancy col
ors, done with neatness and dispatch. Rand-bills, Blanks,
Cards, Pamphlets', SLc., of every variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The REODsfrOltY OFFICE has just
been re-fitted with Steam Power and three Presses, and
every thing la the Printing line can be executed in the
most artistic manner and at the loeest rates. TERMS IN.
,0 0 ' Mr. If tin ShryOck 1 our authorized Agent to
'twelve Subscriptions abd Adve ism: nests, and receipt for
the same. All letters &rad bo addressed to
M'CLURE di,. STONER, Publishers.
Coal, Lumber, %tr.
Thq- undersigned have now on hand, at their
a large supply of Sash. Shutters, Doors and Blinds for sale,
or made to order.
Mouldings of all descriptions, from half inch to 8 inches,
on hand.
Plain and Ornamental Scroll Sawing neatly executed.
Also—Wood Turning in all its branches. Newel Posts,
Banisters, Bed Poits, &c„ on band.
A large supply of Dressed Flooring for sale.
Also—Window and Door Frames on hand or lade at
short notice. HAZELET, VERNON & CO.,
febi tf Harrison Avenue, Chambersburg. Pa.
Wanted by GEO. A. DEITZ.
Wanted by GEO. A. DEM_
Wanted by GEO. A.-DEFth
. Wanted by GEO. A.• DEnz.
sad all kinds of Produce bought by GEO. A. •DErtz, at
his Warehouse above the Railroad Depot.
for eels by the ton or half ton.
by the cord or ball cord.
sawed and split for stare use, by the eord or half cord.
of Oak, Walnut and Pine, always on hand.
and all kinds of LUMBER, such as Oak and Pine Plank ;
Oak,Wabint,PiheandElenalock Boards ; Flooring Boards,
Joists, Scantlinp, Shingles, Paling, Laths, dm '
'always reflood, and roofs put on by the best Slaters, who
have dratuppedals for their superior workmanship.
s tk.
above the Railroad Depot, aed bey cheap. (deal
We have on band all kinds of Coal and Lumber, and
are prepared to furnish Bill Lumber to order at short no
tice, all at the most reasonable terms. Our stock of Lum
ber consists of
White Pine 2 inch Plank,
" " select Plank.
" " " Plank.
" " I select and Calling Boards,
" Boards,
11.-" Siding (6 inch,)
" " -Best River Shingles,
" Worked. Flaring,
•'' " " Siding,
" "- Joist and Scanting, all sizes,
Hemlockioist and Scantling,
• Boards,
Yellow Pine Boards. Joist and Scantling,
Palling and Plastering Laths:
We have also always on hand a good supply_ of all
kinds of Coal for Estrus and lime-hurning. Also a supe
rior article of Broadtop Coal for blacksmiths. The pub
lb.? are Invited to give us a call, as we will endeavor to
- give satisfaction to all that call.
Coal and LuMber furnished on the cars to any station
on the Franklin Railroad.
(Office on Second St., in the rear of the Jail Yard,
Chambersburg, Pa. LEO. EBERT is SON.
STEAM SAW MILL.—The undersign
ed have erected and in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near Gratlenbarg Springs, and are
prepared to saw to order Bills, of WRITE OAK PINE,
HEMLOCK or any kind of timber desired, at the short
est-notice and allow rates. One of the firm will be at the
Hotel of Sam? Greenawalt, in Chambersburg, on Satur
day the 24th inst. and on-each alternate Saturday thereaf
ter for the purpose of contracting for the delivery of lim
ber: LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the LOW
EST RATEs: All letters shonld be addre.v.ed to them at
Graffenburg P. 0., Adams Co., Pa.
Small lots of Lumber; Shingles, &c., from our
mills can be procured at any time at
- Market Street, Chambershurg.
York and Goldsborough, Pa.,
.LIZ 31.\.1 I:Faun:Timis OP
Seep constantly on band'a well selected stock of seas
onabieLumber, vizi—Joist and Scantling, Weatherboard
ing, dressed Flooring, Siding, Laths, Shingles, Palings and
White line and Oak Bills, sawed to order at the
shortest notice. All communications shonld be addressed
to YORK, PA.
signed. is prelstredto saw all kinds of Building Dam
ber at the lowest market price. R. A. REN - FREW,
GREENWOOD MILLS, Fayetteville P.O. dem-ly
LTJAEB E -All kinds of Lumber for
LA sale at reasonable rates at A! S. MONK'S MB, near
Quincy., julyl9.lf
'Rats, anb (Cap.
FRESH AItRIVAL.—INow is the- time
to buy your . Fall and Winter Gooas. and 'eV.
PAXTON 8, m the Market House, is the plaee, to get them
cheap and good. A very Sue assortment of
Mew' One and coarse Boots, Salmorals and Gaiters,
- Ladies' Glove Kid, Morocco and .
Coarse Shoes and Gaiters,
Mimes' and Children' Shoes and Galleys
of every style. Also
at prices to suit aIL The best Home-make of Hats to be
bad. A Eno assortment of
Trunks, Carpet Bags:
- Valises, Canes. •
Umbrellas, &a., •
constantly on hand. Call and examine Our stock before
purchasing. In the Market House, ou Second street.
HATS or every style to be bad cheap at
a nice article. at PAXTON'S.
ISARF.—The next Session of this Institution will
edintnenee on the First 'Wednesday (6th day) of Septc7O-
Imr nett, under Miss Mack, as Principal. assisted by Mrs.
Halm, and Miss Doolittle in the departments of Mimic,
Latin, Drawing, &. A. liberal patrepage is solicited.—
Terms the same as last year. By ovar of the Trustees,
D. WEISEL, President.
Mail, Hagerstown, Odd Fellow, Bounsborce, REPoerro•
Cluunbersburg, Union, Martinsburg, Herald,
Cumberland, Lutheran Observer, Baltimore, Er.
aminer, Frederick, copy 3 times weekly and once every
two weeks to lint of September, and send bill to Judge
Weisel, Hagerstown. . aug2-4t
MEcrlatiatnnutta, P.A.
REY. O. Ear. Jr. Soy.
Efaties Reamed September Ist.
' Charges, SUL.' 50 per. 5 months session, in tAtiore.
Scarf - for a circular. jolyakitt.
.„N0.37.80ntb SECOND Street, above Chestnut.
flaying reeelved by late arrivals, all the newest and
most attractive Styles of Carpetings,—f AM ITEPARED TO
John Crossley & Son's English Tapestry Brussels ; Lov
ell &Hartford Three-Ply and Extra Super Ingrain Cur
pets, with-a-large assortment of mediam and tow priced
o37Bontb SECOND Sueet, between
an; •
VOR SALE.-4 fall course 'Scholarship
Lathe Quaker City Basilicas College of Philadelphia
Apply at tia etbre. berg.
).:11,,tr ;_fraitlititt.. .W1)/t1;--4.0ttt
Veroonat Prom%) *ales.
in the States of New York, Pennsylvania. Ohio, -
Indiana. Delaware, Maryland, and New
Jersey, and the District of *,
WASIIDIGTON, D. C., July _4,1863.
Will be sold at public auction, to the highest bidder, at
the time and places named below, viz :
New York city, Tuesday and Friday of each week, 200
Horses each day.
New York city, Wednesday of each week, DX Mules
each day.
Elmira, Tuesday, August 8, 200 Morsels.
Elmira, Tuesday, August 15, 500 Males.
Albany, Friday, August 25, 500 Mules.
Buffalo, Wednesday, August 30, 500 Mules.
Philadelphia, Thursday of each week, 200 Horses each
Philadelphia, Wednesday tied Saturday of each week.
100 Mules each day.
Pittsburgh, Thursday of each week, 150 Mules each
l'ottsyille, Tuesday, August 1, .00 Mules.
Idiftlintown, Friday, August 4, IMO Mules.
York, Friday, August 4, 200 Horses..
Netrville, Wednesday, August U. 100 Horses.
Newyille, Thursday, August 10, 100 Mules.
Reading, Friday, August 11, 200 Horses.
Shippensburg, 'Wednesday, August 16, 100 Horses.
Erie, Thursday. August 17, 200 Horses.
Shippensburg, Thursday, August 17, 100 Mules.
Williamsport, Friday. August 1 6, 2.0* Horses.
-Indiana, Monday. August 21, 200 Horses.
- Chambersbarg, Wednesday, August 23 100 Hdrses.
Chandiershurg, Thursday, August 24, 100 Mules.
Milton, Friday, August 25, 200 Horses.
Carlisle, Wednesday, August 30, 100 Horses.
Carlisle, Thursday, August 31. 100 Mules.
Columbiana, Tuesday, August I, 100 Horses.
Salem, Wednesday, August 2. 100 Horses.
Alliance, Thursday, August 3, 200 Horses.
Canton, Saturday, August 5, 200 Horses.
Cleveland, Tuesday, August 8, 1000 Mules.
Massillon. Tuesday, August 15, aIK) HOrses.
Crest Due, Thursday, August 17, 500 Mules.
Cleveland, Monday, August 21, 200 Horses.
Fort Way - he, Thursday,. ei r m t i -1.• 4, 11000 Moles.
Wilmington, Tuesday, of each week,'2oo Horses each
Wilmington, Friday, of each week, `2OO Mules each
. _
Trenton. Thursday, August 10, '2OO Mules.
Trenton, 'Thursday, August 24, 1200 Males.
Baltimore, \Wednesday, August 9. and Wednesday of
eseb week thereafter. 20) Horses each day.
Each week day, 9.00 3lnles.
Each week day except Wednesday. `2.00 Horses.
An opportunity to purchase a superior class of saddle
and draft animals, at far less than theh• true value, is now
offered to the public.
Though the majority of there are sound and serviceable
they are no longer required in the , army, and must be
Many of the mules were bought in the beginning of the
war t when young. accompanied the armies in all their
marches and camps, and are thoroughly broken, hardened
by exercise, gentle and familiar from being so long our
roupded by the soldiers..
Animals will he sold singly.
Sales to commence at I 0 A. M.
Terriush, in 'United States currency.
Brec. Brtir. Gen. in charge,
augQ-11 Ist Div. Q.ll. G. 0.
The 'United Stales will bell at Public Auctlim,
Race st., between 11th and 12th, Pkiliutelphia,
During the Month of August, .1.5€45, '
900 MULES.
These Males are all serviceable, and sold only for want
of use. Buy ern are invited to examine them at any time,
and every facility will be given for a thorough inspection.
Roomy sheds are provided for protection from sun and
100 Mums
Will be Sold on EACH WEDNESDAY and SATUR
commencing at 10 . o'clock, A. M.
By Order of Brig . . Gen. ERIN.
ALBERT S. ASHMEAD. Captain and A. Q. M.
ang2-st] Office:*No. 721 Market St., Philacea:
Pa.. Atige<t L 5, 1565 By direction of the Quartermaster
General, will be sold, at Public Auction, to the highest
bidder, at the Governwent Corral, at this place, on Man
they, the lhth day of dugast, Ih6 i.
An opportunity is now offered to the public to pytrebase'
a supenut clam of Saddle and Draft Horses, at far less
than their true value. A large'nninber of these horses
have been in use at this place for two years or more, and
are known to be entirely sound. Hones sold singly.
Sate to commence at 9 o'clock, A.
TERMS CASE!, in United States currency.
augl6-fit W. M. WOODS, Capt. A. Q. M.
whieb is doing a good business, is offered for sale. For
HAY P RES SE S.—Three Hand Hay
Presses, in good order, for Sale cheap.
pds-19411 (iEO. A. DMZ, Chartibersburg, Pa.
Ilageratomn Herald copy gt, charge REPOSITORY.
Cobarro aub *rgaro.
STORE.—Having redutilt mY,Tobaceo and cigar
Store on South Main street, (corner of Washington &Main
trafinares from the Diamond,r ronld incite all
to call tw-c'
anAl examine my stock, consisting of
. .
Congress, all kinds ' Cavendish_
Twist, all kinds, , • Rose Twist, -
Flounder, Old Virginia,
,--- •
Navy, • Honey Dew,
~ Michigan Fine Cut, Eke. dm
Andersea: Shorts Solace, - _
Talisman, Hart's Delight,
Plantation, Sunny Side, &c
Rappee, Scotch ' Comae.
Large Hand, Big Lick,
Cut and Dry. Danville,
Lynchburg. Garabaldi,
James Ricer, grant,
Mead, . Sigel
rep 21 J. A. JACOBS.
AND SEGAR STORE.—The undersigned has re.
moved his Tobacco and Sega!' Store to his new room, on
SECOND STREET, next door to the Friendship Engine
House, where he will beep on hand a eel: s om e stock of
TOBACCO AND SEGARS, such MS Natural Leaf, Mich
igan and Smoking Tobacco, Pipes, Sc.
april.l C. H. BUSH.
Zook attb „Statitturtg.
Has been removed to the new banding opposite the Poe
01410 E, whoTe.h full assortment of
Can be had at esee :2/Jingly L w Prices.
and new !Stock. - -
Fairchild's Celebrated Cola Pens, ruilly warranted.
Orders taken to goods, no hick n ill ho. Erpressed in RI
shortest possible time_
The New York and Philadelphia Papers received ann
for which weekly subscriptions will be takes.
First Class Nia - els, Magazines and Peelicals receive(
as d soon an published.
We eon sell Photograph Albums cheaper hart they cal
lie bad elsewhere.
Music sent free of portage to any part of the county.
- Gilt Frames, Woroteds and Fancy Goods constantly on
Our arrangements are finch that we can supply any or
ders satie.factorily and with dispatch.
Mit J. K. Stlat OCK, is now located in New York, which
enables us to undertake the most complex commissions.
Oki Books or particular etlittonn, dates or ntyle, hunted
trAat a reasonable commission. 1n01421
associated themsels es in . the Practice of Medicine,
and have opened an office in Dr.l Richanini new building,
on Main street, a few doors South of the Diamond.
All persona indebted to Ohara( the above, will phifule
make early settlement of the same. fati44-tli
services as a Phyoician and Surgeon to the citizens
of l4t. Thomas and vicinity. Prumptness at all boars.
Ri•zidenr e apposite thirPost Office. • oiltrlll9.6m
DR -w. H. BOYLE will attend prompt
ly to all profentlocul calls. Office in the Vestibule,
of the New School House near the Jail. (aug29.
- Drntioto.
DENTIsr. Office one door West of the Telegraph
Office, Greencastle, Pa.
All work entrusted to him will be promptly attended to
and warranted. mayl7.6m*
VICE on Second Ktreet, one square Sarah of the
Market Ileum aug2l
Legal Retires.
ARTI PIO N.—John Slichter vs.
ISusan Sahm, widow, and Jacob Rife. Guardian, of
Abraham Satan, Anna Arnry Sahm, Susan E. Satn. and
Jonathan Sahm, heirs at law, of Abraham Satan, deed. In
the court of Common Pleas of Franklin county, Pa. No.
'2l, April T, 1864. Breve de partitiane faxiencra. Jane 6,
1865. The court order and decree a sale of the Real Es
Notice is therefore given by the undersigned, that in
pursuance of said order and decree, he will expose to Pub
lic Sale, on the premises, on Saturday, sic 2d day of Sep
tember next, the following described real estate, v i z: A
TRACT OF LAND, situate in Letterkenny township,
in said county, containing 249 ACRES and 115 PER
CHES neat measure, bounded by lands of Jacob Rife,
Michael Dice, Daniel Slichter, John Brake. Frederick
Deck, Jiglin Deck and others. The improvements are a
two stori'6d LOG DWELLING HOUSE, a Stone Bank
Barn and other necessary outbuildings.
TERNS. - -The sum of one thousand dollars to be paid
at the titne of sale, and the balance . on the Ist day of Au•
gust, 1866. [aitg2j SAMUEL BRANDT, Sheriff.
UNe is herebyy , given that Letters of Administration,
on the Estate of Mani Mumert, late of Peters township,
dee'd, have been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing - themselves indebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment ; and those haying
claims presetdthem properly authenticated for settlement.
augl6 SAMIEL SIUMERT. `-'""'rs*
tire is hereby , given that Letters of Administration
on the Estate of jaeob Hollinger, late of Washington
township, deold, have been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
Mill please make immediate payment; and those having
claims present them property authenticated for settlement.
aug2.6t CONRAD RUTH'S, Adar.
tics is hereby given that Letters of Administration
on the Estate of Samuel Lenherr, late of Greencastle,
deed. have been granted to the undersigned.
Mt persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment; and those having
claims present tfiem properly authenticated for settlement.
ang2 E. D. RANKIN, Adner.
tice is hereby.given that Letters of Administration
on the-Estate of Win. H. Sharer, late. of Montgomery
township, have been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing ‘ themselves indebted to said Estate
will please snake immediate' payment; and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement
Accounts to be presented to Abraham Whitmore, residing
in mat township.
nue. ANNA M. SHATZER, Admr'x.
tice is hereby E wen that Letters of Adtninistration
on the Estate of Samuel H. King, late of Montgomery
township. deo'd, have been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment; and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
julyir6 WM. ADAMS, Adm'r.
tice is hereby given that Letters of Administration,
on the Estate of Magdalena Rider, late of Letterkenny
township, deed, have been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate,
will please make &mediate payment; and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
P 2 926 .TNO. B. SALTFMAN. Adm'r.
tice is hereby given that Letters of Administration
on the Estate of Jeremiah - Startiu. bite of St. Thomas
township, dee'd, have been granted to the nudersigned.
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment. and those having
claims presentthem properly authenticatetrfor settlement,
jniy‘26 • JOSEPH MARTIN, Adm'r.
tice is hereby wren that Letters of Administration
on the Estate of Andrew H H'elnre, late of Pannett
township.'deed, have been granted to the undersigned.
All Rerans knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment; and three having
claims present them properly authenticated Hr setttlement.
julyl9 JOSEPH M. DOYLE, Adm'r.
'CIiTORS' NOTIC E.—Notice is
hereby given that Letters Testamentary to the Es
tate of George Briggs. late of Peters township, have been
granted to the undersigned
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
will please male immediate payment; and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
angl.6 JOHN HOLLAR, Her.
hereby given, that Letters Testamentary to the Es
tate of Fred'k A. Scholl, late of Greeue.astle, deed, have
been granted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves iadebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment, and those having
Claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
DI SS OL U T I ON.—Notice is hereby
given that the undersigned has d isposed of his inter.
est in and withdrawn from the partnership of SIMPLER.,
CLARK & CO., conducting the Plaining Mill, &c., in
Chambersbmg. The business will be conducted for the
present in the name of Shepley, Clark & Cu.. who Will
close up the accounts of the fu-m.
jelly 1918f:15-6t X\°, P. orLatirrsts.:.
Matrbes anti *Wart).
Having just opened a well selected assortment of goods
a My line, directly
Opposite the Post, Office. on Second Street,
where my old and I hope many new Customers will find
me during business hours. Sly old stock having been re
duced very suddenly - on the 3Uth of July last, I was com
pelled tqbny an
• Entire A'cin Stock of Goods,
which are of the latest styles and patterns. consisting of
Gold and Silver (Imported and American)
Gent's and Ladies' Watches,
Jewelry of fine and medium qualities,
Sliver Thimbles,
Napkin Rings,
Fruit and Butter Knives.
Gold Pens of fine quality,
Pocket Cutlery,
Razors, Strops and Brushes,
Silver Plated Spoons, Forks and Butter Knives, .
Jett Coxithr,_
Pocket Books,
Ladles' Purnes,
' Nail and Tooth Brushes,
Redding and'Poaret Combs,
Lead Pencils,
. Morocco Satchels,
Large and Small Willow Baskets,
Flutings, &e.
The assortment of CLOCKS is-large and of every en.
fhave on hand the HENRY REPEATING RIFLE,
which ran be fired fifteen times in that irony seconds.
Everybody shonld have one for self defence.
The public are invited to call and examine them.
PISTOLS on hand and orders filled for any kind that
may be wanted. Cartridges of all sizes kept on hand.
From long experience I can adapt Spectacles to the sight
of the old as well as middle aged. SPECTACLES AND
EYE GLASSES in Gold, Silver and Steel Frames al-
Ways on hand.
Having the agency for the sale of the celebrated BUR
GLAR AND FIRE-PROOF SAFE, manufactured by
Farrell. Herring & Co., I will , filleorders at the ttuieufac.
• tures price. All information irEtifi. -7 ard to them git en.
The publiC are invited to call and examine the sheik.
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry -repaired at low rates to
stilt the times.
- *F. G. DITMAN.
Second Street, in Washington Hotel Building,
Has just returned from the city with a large nud cheap
stock of goods, to which he invites all to come arid examp
sue before purchasing elsewhere. His stock consists of
of the latest styles,
Gold and Silver Chains,
Ear and Finger Ring•,
Sleeve Buttong, Stud:, etc.,
`UAW and Tea Spoons, Forks, Napkin Rings, Butter
halves, Cullum &e.
1.7.t,"r • I have added to my stock a large assortment of
thirty hour and eight day CLOCKS, all of which n in be
sold low. {Raids warranted as represented.
ar Thankful to my ninny friends and mistomerefor
their liberal patronage, would' most respectfully oak of
them a continuance of the some.
atiglectf F. Cr. DITMAN.
A R S H A L L & C 0.,
(BUCCESSOILS TO F.. 1, 1'0:5E1'0
- _
Would respectfully inform their friendß and the IMAM
generally that they have not returned from the eitieA with
a large stook of New and Beautiful Goad..--eonsisting of
LADLES, KNIVES and CASTORS ;—Seissors, Pocket
Knives, Razors, Razor-Strata,—Hair, Tooth, and Nod
Brusbes,—Pocket Books, Combo of every kind, Leather
Satchels, and a Geneml Variety of FANCY 6001)5.
A Large Assortment of SPECTACLES TO SUIT ALL
EYES. ang9.Gm
tendon of every reader of this paper, which ineludel
many thousand of his old patrons and acquaintances, to
his unusually tar g e une beautiful variety of AMERICAN
Imported WATCHES, CLOCKS, and elegant designs
oct.%-ly 708 Market Street, Philadelphia.
QTRAY gATTLE.—Strayed front the
i s j premises of the subscriber. uerir Now Guilford, about
the lath of June last, THREE READ OF CATTLE,-
one a Spotted Steer, the others Red Heifers, each +Monte
year old. A liberal reward will be paid fur the return-of
the cattle, or for such information as will lead to their re.
Wm . ?. laUßs3ll 8. W. 80/AWBERGER.
When rebel sympathisers and other coppery
grumblers are reminded of the burning of Chain
bersbnrg, they invariably refer to the previous
campaign of Gen. Hunter in the valley as a par
tial justification for ll'eauslarars brutality. Lit
tle by little, however, the truth of history is vin
dicating itself, and Hunter's campaign will stand
the test of all rules of war relative to the burning
of Gov. Letcher's house and the Lexington Mili
tary Institute. It will be - remembered that Gen.
Rhodes had burned a somewhat similar Institute
at Carlisle the year before, and the fact that Mc-
Causland persisted in using the Lexington Insti
tute as a fortress from which to fireon our troops
fully warranted Gen. Hunter in burning it to the
'Col. Halpineles O'Riley) who was an offi
cer under Gen. Hunter, gives the following ac
count of the burning of Letcher's house and the
Lexington Institute in a late number of his spicy
paper, The Citizen. We commend it to the con-,
sideration of those who have labored industrious
ly to find some excnso for the atrocities of '3lc-
The West Virginia troops, forming, with some
regiments from Maryland, the elite of our little
army, were furious beyond measure against John
Letcher. - He had been a Union man, they said,
who had sold his principles forpromotion in the
rebel service ; and, as was the case with all apos
tates of this kind, had then signalized his devotion
to his new faith by unheard-of oppressions and
cruelties against all of his 'former associates who
persisted in remaining faithful to their creed of
loyalty. They charged against him gross and
wanton outrages upon the liberties, lives and
property of all the loyal men within his reach;
and so strongly was their desire for retaliation
manifested, that Gen. Hunter, in order to pro
tect the family of the fugitive ex-Governor, who
bad only fled the night before, directed that a
guard of tvih companies from some Ohio regi
ment—the 116th, if we remember rightly—should
be detailed for the security of Mr. Letcher's resi
dence. Several officers of Gen. Hunter's staff
also—of whom Capt. Towne, Chief Signal officer
was one, and - Capt. Pendergast, since killed,
another—took up their quarters with the Letch
ers,—partly as it was a pleasant, though small
and rather modest mansion; and partly to give
additional protection to the frightened family of
females--exi , Governor Letcher having fled the
night previous to our entrance.
Thus matters stood until next day - when some
soldiers of the 9th West Virginia, under Colonel
-now General- - Durall, happened to find in an
abandoned printing office, already half set up in
type—the manuscript in John Letcher's hand and
over his siguraure of a proclamation to the Citi
zens`of " Rockbridge and other Counties," calling
upon them to " arise and slay the foul Yankee in
vader ;" and, if unable to.offer any organized re
sistance, then from behind every tree and stone
in the valley to kill us as they could. It was, in
other words, a'direct incitation to bush-whack
ing and murder; and. if Mr. John Letcher had
been caught, not only would his - house have been
burn:Ed—as the houses of four other bushwhack
ers, and only , four. bad previously been—but he
would have been hung on the first tree With a
little paper pinned on his breast bearidg this brief
but pregnant legend:
"Bung for organizing bushwhacking.
"By command of Maj. Gen. Ilunter:"
What folly and something worse it is while
Gen. Sherman goes blameless for having burned
down whole towns and cities that offered any re
sistance---to censure Hunter for his course in this
valley campaign, wherein—at lest, while we were
with him—he only caused five private dwellings
to be destroyed, and these on conviction that the
proprietors were assassins and bushwhackers !
- -
' IN" NG THE VIRGIN 9 111 IT. t '
As to the cry raised against " Uncle David" for,
the destruction of the Virginia Military Institute,
that is still, if possible, more senseless and un
just. Gen. Smith, commanding the Institute, as
we have good evidence, protested to Gen. Mc,
causland against defending Lexington, and more
especially against using the Institute as one of
the points of defence stating the town to be whol
ly indefensible, in his judgment, and that it would
be made liable to bombardment and destruction
by such a course; and specially pleading that to
fire from the windows of the Institute on our
troops, or to use it in manner as a military point,
would likewise and still more strongly necessitate
its destruction....
To this McCausland replied by showing his -or
ders from Gen. Lee, which were to contest every
mile of our advance with the utmost obstinacy,.
every hour gained against us being important, 118 .
the Division of Breckinridge and Corps of Ewell,
wader Gen. Jubal - Early, were then hastening for
ward by rail from Richbaond to his relief. Gen.
Smith, as we have heard, still maintained that
using the Military Institute (of which, by the way;
Vaughan, Imboden, M'Causland and nearly all
the other Virginia leaders of prominence had
been graduates,) could do no good, but would cer
tainly result m its destruction ; and finally - , when
McCausland persisted in his course, Gen. Smith
asked to be relieved from service under him, and
marched away with his cadets down the canal
tow-path to Lynchburg.
As to the order of Gen. Lee, we are certain—
the original telegram having been captured next
day in the house of Gen. Smith, at which McCaus
land and the other generals had stopped over
night ; and as to Gen. Smith's protest and subse
quent action in the matter,-they were related to
us next a very intelligent and respect
able old- black man—Gen. Smith's butler or stew
ard—to whom we are indebted for many comfort
able meals during the next two days. It was
from him, also, that our orderly purchased a set
of billiard-balls, now in possession of Chris. O'Con
nor, of the billiard saloon in Fourteenth street,
and we believe never since played with, on which
Gees. McCausland, Imboden, Vaughan and Ech
olls had sought to amuse -their distracted minds
on the night before our entrance by playing sev
eral games. -
This Institute—at the burning of which the
writer looked with feelings of inexpressible regret,
though fully satisfied of the justice of the act—
N% as an exact copy of the West PointAcadeiny in
architecture, and perhaps more handsmue—cer
thinly more modern, elegant and commodious in
the houses of its professors, of whom the great
Stonewall Jackson had been one. The more val
uable books of its library, however, and instru
ments of its scientific, astronomical and chemical
departments, had been removed before our advent.
It contained large quantities of arms and ordnance
stores, and it must be remembered that its stu
dents had been organized into a battalion of in
fantry and had fought against us not many weeks
before at New Market. On its roll of graduates,
too, could be found the names of hundreds of
prominent rebel officers; and this—cg parenthese
—opened our eyes to comprehend how it came to
pass that the South had such good officers uni
formly on the breaking out of the war, while ours,
except the regulars from West Point, were then
so ignorant,—nearly all the young aristocracy of
the South having been trained to arms in such in
stitutions as this of Lexington, Baton Rouge and
so forth. This burning took place on the 12th of
June, 1864.
And now for a visit to Stonewall Jackson's
grave—Jackson who has always impressed us as
one of the most veritable heroes of these degener
ate days. We know not who wrote that magni
ficent soldier•lyric in his honor, entitled " Stone
wall Jackson's Way;" but do know, despite its
roughness, that it is one of the grandest tributes
ever paid by the Muse to the character of a Hero.
It is fiery, and loving, and droll, and full of pathos
---a song for the full appreciation of which, per
haps, one should have made a campaign or two in
the Shenandoah, and beheld all the monuments of
his' genius. " Ali," said an old rebel prisOner to
us once, when we asked him which or their gen
erals he had most faith in : "Ah, Colonel! John
sing we guess to be the retreatin'est general we
ever had; but the grittiest and the flankin'est was
Stonewall Jackson.;'
The church-yard in which poor Stonewall lies
is just on the borders of the town, and must have
been a pretty and neat little place of burial before
the war. It has heavy borders of moss roses and
the dark roses of the South along its walks, and
these were in richest bloom when 'we paid our
visit. Beautiful white marble monuments are
scattered around in profusion; but looking
at their
dates it will be seep that few of these boo been
erected since the breaking out of the
Death has been since then too busy in the South
to receive such honors: and the long, close rows
of freshly made graves—More especially those of
a dozen young cadets lulled as Newmarket—had
no other trophy or memorial than a snail shingle
at the head of each, bearing a brief and rudely
painted inscription.
Exactly in the centre of the church-yard is the
grave of the great rebel leader—a little bank of
earth sodded with green clover; and with two lit
tle dark boards (now probably , chipped away by
relic hunters,) at its head and foot. Near to its
head, also, a tall pine flag staff sprang nakedly
up into the air; and on this; until carried away by
McCausland in his retreat, had Waved a Confed
erate battle-flag, worked in threads of silk, and
gold, and silver, by certain secession sympathizing
peeresses of England—the Countess of Arundel
and Surrey, if we remember rightly, having been
prominent in the work. This battle-flag,‘with a
sentry in gray walking np and down beneath it,
had formed Stonewall Jackson's only monument,
and now both had disappeared.
Suppose blcCausland had left both sentry and
flag on guard by that solitary grave, who believes
that either would have been disturbed? Would
not both have been held sacred as portions of the
tomb of a good and gallant soldier? At any rate
this thing is very sure: that, if either or both had
to be taken away, the writer would have striven
hard to shirk in his own person that peculiar tour
of duty; and this feeling, so far as lie could ascer
tain, was unanimous amongst all his younger as
Just in rear of the flag staff were two hand
some white marble tombs enclosed within an iron
railing—one sacred to the memory of the wife,
and the other to that of the beloved, child, of
"Professor T. T. Jackson of the Virginia Military
Institute."' Doubtless had the rebellion prosper
ed, a splendid tomb would'in time have arisen to
Jackson's memory; and even as things are—so
Catholic is the admiration which valor rouses—
we would gladly contribute our mite towards the
erection of some substantial memento to the great
Genius—as General Lee was the great Respecta
bility—of the Southern war.
Let it not harm us in the esteem of our friends
of the Loyal League if we confess the weakness
of having pulled some dark roses of the South and
strewed them on Jackson's grave, taking away
in return—reverently and with uncovered heads
—some few blades of clover which we have still.
preserved in a locket as one of the war's most
precious relics,—our fl =t "treason" in this
act having been shared a e e time by an officer
of far higher position, • ,me name as a cavalry
leader on the Union side , - then a terror through
out the Shenandoah an Kanawha valleys.
:srrxyr:TvvvA a:Tv
A correspondent of the NeW York Wort(' gives.
a graphic account of Gen. Lee's list great battles,
and the parting scene between the rebel Chieftain
and his men. The account is written by one of.
Lee's officers, and due allowance must therefore
be made for the rebel proclivities of the writer ;
but it is nevertheless an interesting chapter in the
thrilling history of the Into war:
Gen. Lee had given orders for the evacuation of
Petersburg six weeks before Grant broke through` ;
the Confederate lines, but the authorities at Rich-:
mond demanded that he should hold his positron,'
though prominent generals declared if Grant once
broke through their lines, we might as well 'go
to Father Abraham, and any father, we have
sinned.' " Lee awaited his fate. Reinforcements
pured into Grant. None c,aine to the Army of
Virginia. Then came Grant's bold push. Meade
fell 140,000 strong on Lee's right near- Burgess'
Mill ; his most efficient corp ot infantry and ca
valry were thrown forward; and a desperate at
tack was made upon the Confederate works on
the White Oak road. A bloody repulse awaited
the first assault, but the second was successful.
At the same time the lines near Petersburg were
broken by a great force, and the affair was deci
ded. The Confederate army was cut in two; the
enemy held the Southside railroad, intercepting
the line of retreat; and what Lee's clear military
judgment had foreseen, had come to pass.
The writer then . detaila the seem*, of the retreat.
Gen. Lee, in fulliiniform, erect as an arrow, riding
his well-known iron gray, led his army in person.
The Southern army had been eo long cooped ap
in its hovels And casemates—moving only by
stealth along S` covered ways"—that any move
ment anywhere was a relief. In addition to this,
they hid not had time to reflect. The sensation
of being driven from their earthworksnow like
home to therh—was stunning; and the men did
not at once realize the tremendous change which
had all at once takenplace in the aspect of af
fairs. No man seemed yet to have persuaded
himself of the feet that " Gen. Lee's army," 'Vlach
only yesterday had held the long lines, in defiance
of all corners, was to-day in fultretreat, and bent
first of all upon "escaping from the enemy they
had so often defeated. Gradually, however, the
unhappy condition of affairs began to dawn upon
the troops ; and all atonce they looked the terri
ble fact in the face ; Gen. Lee was retreating
from Virginia. Most depressing of events ! and.
it was, e kven a matter of very extreme doubt
whethlr he ,could accomplish even that much.
No troops were ever better informed than those
of the South; and the private soldiers discussed
the chances witha topographical knowledge which
could not have been surpassed by a general officer
with a map before him. I heard one brave tatter
demalion, evidently from the backwood 4 say,
" GINA is trying to cut off old Uncle Robert at
BurVesvilleJunetion ;" and another replied, Grant
can get there first" These, in a few words, was
the essence of the " situation."
The scene at Amelia Court Souse on Wednes
day was a carious one. The huge army trains
were encamped in the suburbs of the pretty little
tillage, and the travel-worn troops bivoutickeil in
the fields. They were still in good spirits and
seemed to have an abiding confidence in their
great commander. The brigades, though thinned
by their hem* losses at Petersburg, still presented
a defiant front; and the long line of veterans with
bristling bayonets, led by Longatreet, Gordon and
Mahone, advanced as proudly as they had done
in the hard conflict of the , past. The troops were
still in excellent morale, and had never been
readier for desperate fighting than at that mo
ment. Men and officers were tired and hungry,
but laughing; and nowhere could be seen a par
ticle of gloom, or shirking, or ill-humor—sure
symptom in the humah animal of a want of "heart
of hope." I will add that I saw little of it to the
end. _ _
r Gen. Lee left Amelia Court House on the eve
ning of the sth, and from this time the army was
incessantly engaged, particularly with the Federal
cavalry. On the 6th the enemy was encountered
in force, and line of battle was formed to repulse
them if they advanced upon the trains then mov
ing toward High Bridge. It was on this evening.
that Gen. Ewell and Anderson were suddenly at
tacked, and their commands thrown into great
confusion, in rear of the wagon trains. These
officers and others, including Gen. Curtis Lee,
son of the General, were captured, and the drama
seemed about to end here; but it did not. To the
hostile fate which seemed to be pressing him to
• his destruction Gen. Lee opposed a will as uncon
querable as the Greek Necessity with her iron
wedge. The terrible result of this disorganization
of Ewell and Anderson were averted by a move
ment of infantry. as rapid and unexpected as that
of - the Federal cavalry. From the flanking col
umn of Confederate infantry a brigade was push
ed across at a double quick; and between the dis
organized troops of Ewell and the victorious en
emy arose a Wall of Confederate bayonets, flankod
by cannon. From this human rock the wave
went back; and though the lurid glare of the sig
nals along the Federal lines in the gathering dark
ness seemed the prelude to another attack, none
was made. -
have spoken briefly of this scene—it was one
of gloomy picturesqueness and tragic interest.
On a plateau raised above the forest from which
they had emerged were the disorganized troops
of Ewell and Anderson, gathered in groups, =of
ficered and uttering turoultous ezclamations of
rage or defiance.
,Eising above the weary groups
which had thrown themselves upon the ground,
were the grim barrels of cannon in battery to fire
as soon as the enemy appeared. In front of all
was the still line of battle just placed by Lee, and
waiting calmly: General Lee had rushed his in
fantry over just at sunset, leading - it•in person,
his face animated. and his eye brilliant:with the
soldier's spirit of "fight"—but his bearing =flur
ried as before. An artist designing to paint his
picture ought to have seen the old cavalier at this
moment, sweeping on upon his large iron grey,
•whose mane and tail floated in the wind, carrying
his field glass half raised in hie right hand, with
V 01; 72....WH0LE NO. 317t0'
head erect, gestures animated, and in the whole
fag and form the expression of the hunter close
upgrr his game. The line once, he
rode in the twilight among the disordered groups
above mentioned, and the sight of him aroused a
tumult. Fierce,cries resounded on all sides, and
with hands clenched violently and raised aloft, the
men called on him to lead them against the en.
amp. "Its General Lte!"—"Uncle Robert!"
"Where's the man who won't follow Uncle Ro•
heft?" I heard on all sides—the swarthy faces,
full of dirt and courage, lit up every instant by
the glare of the Federal signals near. Altogether
the scene was indescribable,.
This took place on the - evening of the 6th of
April. The main body of theEelleral army was
now closing round Lee, and it was only by ob
stinate and persistent fighting that he was able
to continue - his retreat. Everywhere the Feder
al forces were confronted by his excellently serv
ed artille4 : and the thin lines of infantry march
ing on the flank of the trains, met and repulsed
every attack with the old spirit of the Army of
Northern Virginia. In hunger and thirst and
weariness and retreat these veteran troops stood
by their colors without a murmer ; and fought as
admirably as when carrying all before them and
flushed with victory. Others, however, were
less constant—rather, let us say, less physically
competent. They fell out of the ranks by hun
dreds, overcome by hunger and exhaustion; or
what was equally bad, they dropped their heavy
guns and cartridge boxes, and straggled along, a
useless, cumbrous mob. On the morning of the
7th, beyond Farmville, the Federal cavalry made
continuous and desperate onslaughts on the train,
throwing everything into confusion. The team
sters, always the least soldierly portion of an ar
my, became panic-stricken, and the terrible roads
increased a thogaand-fold the difficulties of the
march. Wagons were captured and abandoned,
all along, in spite of bard fighting, and from this
time the retreat became a scene of disorder
which no longer left any ground for hope. I in
tended to describe it, but the subject is too disa
greeable. Let soma other eye witness place upon
record these last scenes of a great tragedy.
On the 7th Gen. Grant opened hie correspon
dence with Lee. This correspondence continued
until the 9th. At first Lee recoiled from the
idea of a surrender. He had fought as long as
he could, and done all in his power to extricate
his army from a position -in which it had been
placed by no fault of his, but the current was too
strong for him. He was everywhere surrounded,
his provisions exhausted, his army rapidly weak
ening in numbers— tTn \ der these circumstances
Gen. Lee determined to surrender his army, and
did so, on condition that the officers andmen
should be paroled to go tetheir homes and remain
undisturbed by " United .States authorities" as
long as they remained quiet and peaceable citi
zens. Officers and men were to retain their pri
vate property and the former their side arms. -
Such was the convention between Gen. Lee
and Gen. Grant. and such the terms upon which
the army surrendered. The effect which it pro
duced upon the troops is hard to describe. They
seemed to be stupefied, and wholly unable to re
alize the idea. For Lee, the invincible, to yield
up his sword was an incredible thing and when
the troops could no longer have any doubt, men
who had fought- in twenty battles, and faced death
with unshrinking nerve, cried - 11e children. To
yield is a terrible thing—a bitter humiliation; and
if the private soldiers felt it •go keenly, we may
imagine the feelings of the leader who was thus
called upon to write thatword "surrender" at
the end of to great a career. He had said once
that he " intended for himself to die sword in
hand;" but now not even this was permitted him.
He must sacrifice his men or surrender, and he
decided without difficulty or hesitation.
The scenes which took place between Gen. Lee
and his men were indescribably pathetic. I shall
not speak of them, except to say that the great
heart of the soldier seemed moved to its depths.
He who had so long looked unmoved upon good
fortune and bad and kept, in the midst of disaster
and impending ruin, the equanimity of a great and
powerful soul, now shed tears like a child "I
have done what I thought was best for you," he
said to the men. "lify heart is too full to speak ;
but I wish you all health and happiness,"
This retreat was a terrible episode of military
life, unlike any Which the present writer ever saw;
but he does not regret having borne his part in
its hardships, and its sufferings, and its humilia
tions. He is glad to Izaveireen the straggle out
under Gen. Lee, and to have shared his fate.
The greatness and nobility of soul which charac
terize this 'eminent soldier, were all shown con
spicuously in that short week succeeding the evac
uation of Petersburg. He had done hie best, and
accepted his fate, with manly ctLirrage, and that
erect brow which dares destiny to do her worst:
or rather, let us say, he had bowed submissively
to the decree of that God on whom he lind ever
placed his reliance. Lee the victor upon many
hard-fought 'fields was a great Sgure ; but he is no
less grand in defeat, poverty, and adversity. Mis
fortune crowns a man in the eyes of his contem
poraries and in history; and the South is prouder
of Lee to-day, and loves him more than in his most
splendid hours of victory.
In last weeks REPosrron v we gave Gen. Cam
eron's Philadelphia speich assailing the Union
Congressmen of that city; and it is but just that
Judge Kelly should be heard in reply. It will be
seen that he don't take to funeral ceremonies at
all gracefully, especially when he is to play the
part of the corpse. JUdge Kelly's letter is ad
dressed,to the Union voters , of the Congressional
district ho has so ably and acceptably represen
ted since 1860, and is as follows: -
A long and successful career in crime embold
ens the guilty. A recent illustration of this law
of human nature impels me to violate my life-long
'rule of conduct, and for once to - notice a political
slanderer.' I do not, however, address you for
the purpose of repelling his innuendoes or false
hoods. My life has been passed amobg you, and
if its record, familiar to you all, does not repel
them, I have lived in vain. My purpose is sim
ply to-pierce the mail of ill-gotten gold in which
the slanderer has clothed himself, and give you a
glimpse at the loathsome object it protects.
The papers of Friday announce that Simon
Cameron, of Dauphin county; was serenaded by
his friends on the proceeding evening at the Gi
rard House in `this city, and availed himself of
the occasion to vilify my colleagues and myself;
"the Congressmen of Philadelphia," in a speech
to the assemblage.
I was but -a youth when I first heard the name
nt Simon Cameron, and it was as the perpetrator
of a great crime. He had been made the : , agent
of the Government to carry a large amount of
money, due them, to the Winnebago Indians, and
had taken advantage of their ignorance - and help
lessness to enrich himself. Those of you who
had then attained to manhood, though you may
not, after the lapse of so many years, revive the
burning indignation with which yon regarded the
infamous swindler of the poor Indians, willdoubt
less remember that instead. of „paying them the
specie which the Government confided to him for
that purpose, he retained it, and gave them the
notes of the Middletown Bank, of which he was
an owner. At their encampment in the remote
wilderness these notes were utterly worthless.—
The Indians could not use them for any purpose
there, nor carry them to Middletown for redemp
bon. But what was that to Simon Cameron I
Was not their loss his gain, and was he not so
much the richer by every note that failed to come
home for redemption, though they did suffer and
starve I And those of you who are not old enough
to remember all this, now know why this bold,
bad man is sometimes spoken of by your seniors
as the "great Winnebago," and sometimes as
"Old Kickapoo."
For more than thirty years I have watched the
tortuous career of this man, and have never seen
a reason to abandon my first impression of his
character. Whether acting with the Democrat
ic, the Know Nothing, or the Republican party—
for he has in turn'disgraced them all—he has nev
er been false to his criminal instincts. He has
endeavored totorn themall to profitable account.
His ambition is *did and panders to his avarice,
and he measures honors by the perquisitiefi they
expose to his grasp. He has no confidence in
th e people, and is aware that they distrust him.
His speech of Thursday evening was not charac
teristic of him, for ho is prone to the use of in
struments. His habit is to point the stiletto,
but to employ another hand to drive it home.
Though an' active participant in the politics of
his country and State - for more than half a cert.
tory, during which long period he has pursued
the profits of office, of obs, of Contracts, with
eager and ceaseless assiduity, be baa never dared
to permit his nannita he neee n ted to the people
of his country or State as a candidatefor an elec
tive office. He crawl's to the feet of the atipeint
ing ',ever. He cares not who may be Krug, so
that he may " be Vicar of Bray;" and to that
end he chafes With and corraptsweak - and needy
members of Conventions' and the Legislature of
both parties.
I need not recite the diagraceftaseta attending
hie several canvasses for the United States Sen
ate. Their nauseous odorlingers in your nostrils
to this hour. In the first he bovght the votes of
three Democratic members, and in the last bid
twenty thousand dollars for the one vote which
would have elected him. This last transaction
was so flagrant that the Legislature was Compell
ed to take cognizance of it, and, if justice be not
lame as well as blind, the law and honor of our
State Will yet be vindicated.
The evil report of his deeds pervades the coun
try as a reproach to our State. Ye, unhappily
for Pennsylvania and her great interests, the buz
zard-winged fame of Simon Cameron is national.
By . months of abject solicitation and corrupt bar
,gaming he procured a mass of letters, certificates,
and recantations, that imposed him upon Presi
dent Lincoln as the representative man' of the
Keystone State. That was an evil hour foi--Penn
sylvania. You all remember how he organized
the Navy Agency in this city, and feel the ineffa
ble reproach he thus brought on our Navy Yard
and commercial and other business men.' In the
course of his imprudent and ill-judged harangue
he said : "In the olden time a member of Congress
from Philadelphia would have had sufficient influ
ence to have carried his point (the establishment
of a Naval Station at League Island) without a
dissenting voice." Is that the assertion of a so
ber man 7 and did he who made it 'forget that our
Congressmen in the olden time in proposbig to lo
rate a government workshop at Philadelphia, had
not the terrible repntationot Simon Cameron, the
Fagan of the Harrisburg lobby and ex-Secretary
of War to contend with, and, therefore, had some
chance for success? My colleagues and I were
less happy than they in this respect.
As I have said, he begged and bargained for
the influence which induced Mr. Lincoln to invite
him to a seat in his Cabinet. It was now fondly
hoped, by those who had not sounded the depths
of his depravity, that, being old and rich, he would
take advantage of so distinguished an opportunity
to prove that he could be honest, and could ad
minister a trust without turning it to his own pro
fit, or handing the fund over to his creatures, to
be used on joint account. How sadly these hopes
were disappointed is attested by the brevity of his
term of office, and the eireumstaaces under which
it closed. -
, In less than one year from the day on which
Simon Cameron was installed as Secretary of
War, Congress—though at that early day it bad
before it but partial evidence of his crimes—indig
nantly drove him from that high office. Two
thirds of the members of tho Lower House were
friends of the Administration, and would gladly
have sustainen each member of it as therffid its
distinguished head.
You can imagine how painflit must have been
to them to find themselves - constrained by duty to
proclaim the fact that the first man the head of
their - party had been induced to appoint as the
successor of John B. Floyd had exhibited greater
aptitude than he for his worst tricks.' But it be
came inevitable, for this old man, notwithstanding
his boasted and reputed millions, believes that
one of his name is never rich enough until lie has
a little more, and to save their party and the
country, the friends of the Administration in the
House bad to proclaim his infamy and denounce
his crimes. Nor was the vote by which they did
it a meagre one. His friends and those who would
most gladly have averted this disgrace from our
State, could rally but about one-third of the House
against the resolution of condemnation. The vote
was about two to one against him, though I, as a
Pennsylvanian, not willing to bear witness against
the representative of our State, but toe well sat
• isfied of his guilt to vote against the resolution,
failed to record my vote.
In this fact, gentlemen, you have the secret of
" this distinguished statesman's " hostility to me
and my friends. Mr. Walborn, the Postmaster
of Philadelphia, - and ether of his creatures, have
offered me his friendship and support if I would
endeavor to have that resolution expunged. My
reply has invariably been that to stir foul matter
would be to produce:a stench. I have never in
this or aught else mndeavored to propitiate him gr
his creatures. No stone may mark the spot where
my poor remains may finally rest but I mean
that my children shall be able to vindicate my name
by pointing to the fact that Simon Cameron and
his confidential friends were ever hostile to me.
With grateful regards, yours, very truly.
will not believe anything but whatl underetaad,"
said a self-confident young man in a hotel one
" Nor will I," said another:
"Neither will I," chimed in a third.
"Gentlemen," said one well known to me,
who was on ajourney, and who sat close by, " do
I understand you correctly, that you will not be
lieve anything that you don't understand?"
"I will not," said one, and so said each one of
the trio.
" Well," said the stranger, "in my ride this
morning I saw some geese in a field eating grass.
do you believe that?
" Certainly," said the three unbelievers.
"I also saw pigs' eating grass; - do you believe
"Of Course," said the three.
• "And I also saw sheep and cows eating grass,
do you belieie that?"
"Of course," it was again replied.
"Well, but grass which they had formerly eat-
en had, by digestion, turned to feather on the
backs of the geese, to bristles on the backs of the
swine, to wool on the sheep, and on the cows it
had turned to hair; do : you believe that gentle
" Certainly," they replied.
"Yes, you believe it," ho rejoined, " but do
you understand it 7"
They were confounded, and silent, and evi
dently ashamed, as .they well might be. •
writer in the North Carolina Farmer tells tie the
"About the middle of July I found a toad on a
hill of melons, and not wanting him to leave, hoed
around him. He appeared sluggish, and not in
clined to move. Presently I observed him press
ing his elbows against his sides, and rubbing
downward. He appeared so singular that I
watched to see what he was up to. After,a few
smart rubs his skin began to burst open straight
along his back Now, said I, old fellow, you have
done it; but he appeared to be unconcerned, and
kept on rubbing until he had worked down all his
skin into folds on his sides and hips ; then grasp
ing one hind leg with his hands, he hauled off one
leg of his pants the same as any body would, then
stripped the other leg the same way. He then
took his cast-off cuticle forward, between his fore
legs. into his mouth, and swallowed it ; then, by
raising and lowering his head, swallowing as his
head came down; he stripped off the skin under
neath until it came to his forelegs, and grasping
one of these with the opposite hand, by considera
ble pulling stripped off the skin; changing hands,
he stepped the other, and by a slight motion of
the head he drew it from the throat and swal
lowed the whole. The operation seemed to be
an agreeable one, and occupied but a short time."
• A VntctroA paper speaks of the startling fatal
ity which has overtaken those who were the polit
ical rebellions leaders of that State. At the be
ginning of secession Virginia had one Cabinet
Minister who was a Secessionist, the Secretary of
War, John B. Floyd. lie is dead. She had two
foreign Ministers who were Secessionists, Hon. R.
K. Meade and John M. Daniel. Both are dead.
Her two senators, Hunter and Mason, were Se
cessionists—one is a prisoner, the other an exile.
Her oldest and most prominent, and among her
most influential citizens who supported secession,
and the man who fired the first gun on Sumter,
was Edmund Ruffin. He is dead. The recog
nized lenders of the Secessionists in the State Con
vention wers Geo. W. Randolph and Ex-President
Tyler. Randolph is dying abroad, Tyler is dead.
She had three newspapers conspicuously devoted
to Secession, the Richmond Enquirer, the Rich
mond Examiner, and the Norfolk Arrts. These
journals are all extinct, and the leading spirits of
all l rWise, Daniel and Lamb—are dead. In brief,
we are told, there " are not ten men of conspicu
ous prominence in the secession mffement of Jan
uary, 1861, who remain to exercise—if they pos.
sees the desire--their influence to thwart themove
ment of the people toward loyalty and re-anion."
Parfiles arriving in Raleigh from different parts
of North -Carolina, state that there is a great
change in the conduct of the rebel soldiers.
Since th e great display of clemency to the Con
federate leaders by the Government, the minds of
the soldiers have been poisoned by these wretches,
and they are now organizing for a political con
test with the authorities, and war against the no
groes. It is feared that unless the Government
interferes, and exelades the leaders from.tbecon
vention which They expect soon to be called, that
Union men will have nothing to do with ita.dellb
erations, which they claim will result in a, farm