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TERMS OF PUBLICATION
THE FILAIiKLIN REPOSITORY is published
every Wednesday morning by "THE REPOSITORY
AssoptaTurs," at $2 50 per annum, t t ADVANCE, or
$3 if not paid within the year. All subscription ac
counts MIST be sailed annually. No paper will be sent
out of the State unless paid Mr in carrot ce,-iirol all me i '
subscriptions will invariably be discontinued ifit the air'
ration of the time for which th ' ey are paid.
ADVERTISEMENTS are inserted at FIFTEEN cFXra
per line for tirstinscrion, and TEN CENTS per line for sub
sequent insertions. A Mann] discount is made to persons
advertising by the gnawer, half-yenr or year. Sitevini no
tices charged one-half more then regular advertisements.
All resolutions of Associations; co mmunications of limited
or individual interest, and notices of Alarrinees and Deaths
exceeding five Imes, are chargedfifteen cents per line.
Mr . 'All Legal Notices of errry kind, and all Orphans'
Court and other Judicial - SaltS, are required by lam to be
adeereisedin the REPOSTTOI:V- - ;:il having the LAIIGEST CIR
CULATION:of any poperpublished in the cou nty of Franhiin.
jOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Fancy Cal
era, &Ole with neatness and disitatch. Hand-bills, Blanks,
Cards, Pamphlet., &e., of every variety and style, printed
at thealtiortest notice. The REPooTroar OFFICE has just
been re-fitted with Steam Power and three Presses, and
every thing In the-Printing line can be executed in the
most artri4tie manner and at the lon-eet rate& TERMS IN
gr Mr. John K. Sbryock is our authorized Agent to
receive Subscriptions and Advertisement& and receipt for
the same., All Getters should be addressed to
NOM:ME & STONER, Publisher&
Coal, ituniber, &t.
CARPENT-ERS AND BUILDERS!
The unarsigned hate now on liana, at their
PLANING AND FLOORING MILL,
a large supply uf-Sash, Shutters, Doors and Blinds for sale
or wade to order.
Plain,and Orratmeutal Scroll Sawing neatly executed.
Also--Wood Turning in all its branches. Newel Posts,
Banisters, Bed Posts, &c,, hand.
A large supply of Dressed Flooring for sale.
.Also—r-Window and Door Frames on hand or made at
short notice. HAZELET, VEILNON & CO..
Phil tr Harrison Aseinie. Chninbershurg., Pa.
V I O T I CE TO,:FARMERS
100 TO::S OF TISIOTH? 4AY
Warded by Gco r A. DEIT7.
200 WALNUT LOGS
1 1 I ' Ranted by GEO. A. EtErrz.
100 ASH LOGS
Wanted by Gad. A. DEITZ.
;1 100 LARGE CIigRE.Y LOGS
Wanted by GECi. A. Dram.
WHEAT,' RYE, CORN, OATS,
and all kinds of Produce- bought by GEO. A. GEt77.._fit.
his Warehouse above tbe Railroad Depot,--
STOVE AND L7.3l i E COAL
for sale cheap, by the ton or half ton.
OAK- AND HICKORY WOOD
by the cord or half cord.
OAK AND HICKORY WOOD,
sawed and Wit for store age; by the cord or half cord
s VTLNDOW AND DOOR SILLS,
of Oak, Walnut and Pine, always on hand.
'WINDOW AND DOOILFRAME STUFF,
and all kinds of LyIBEIL stteh as Oak and Pine Plank;
Oak,Walnut, PineatudH4mlock Boards; Flouring Boards,
Joists;Brantling, Shingles, Paling, Laths, Se.
BEST OF ROOFING SLATE
always on bautl,_ond roofs put on by the best Slaters, who
have drown medals for their superior workmanship.
CALL AT DEITZ'S WAREIIOUSE
above the Railroad llPpot, and bey rhrap.
LEONARD EBERT & SON
COAL Ant LUMBER MERCHANTS.
. - .
We have on hand all kinds of Coal and Lumber, and
are prepared to furukh BID Lumber to order at .hort
tice, all ut the most reasonable terms. Our tusk of Lum
ber consists of
White Pine 2 inch Plank,
" 13 •'4- select Plank. -
" " 1 - 3 Plank. ,
" 1 - select anti Culling Boards,
" 4 4 " Siding (6 inch.)
• " Best River. Shingles,
" " Worked - FlUring,
" " "
" " — Toiit and Scantling, all sizes,
Hemlock Joist and Saddling,
Yellow Pine Boards, Joist and Scantling,
Palling and Plastering Laths.
`We have also always on hand a good supply-,of all
kinds of Coal for stoves'and lime-burning. Also w supe
rior article of Elgumitup Coal fur blaelbraittis. The pub
lic are invited to give us a call, as we will endeavor to
give satisfactien to all that call. ,
Coal and Lumber furnished on the ears to any station
on the Franklin Ifpilroad, •
far Office on Second St., in the reag_of the Jail Yard,
Chatribersbarg, Pa. LEO. EBERT & SON.
STEAM SAW MILL.—The undersign
ed have erected and in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near Graifenburg Sprinp, and are
prepared. to saw to order 13ills, of WHITE DAIS, PINE.
11E31LOCK or any kind of timtaft desired, nt the short
est notice and at low rates. On% of the firm n - 111 be at the
Hotel of Saml Greenawalt. in Clembersburg, on Satur
day the 24th inst. and on each alt mate Saturday thereat
ter for the purpose of contractinglor the delivery of turn.
ber. LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the LOW
FT - RATES. All letters should be addressed to-tbem. at
Gothenburg P. 0.. Adams Co., Pa.
decl4.ly MILTENBERGER & BRADY.
gaf" Small lots of Lumber, Shingles, &c., from Ear
mills can be proenred at any time at
W. F. EYSTER & BRO'S,
Market Street, Chambersburg.
SMALL,--,BESIDER & Co.;
York atid_Goldsboiough Pa.,
- LUMBER DEALERS
• AND MANUFACTURERS OF
SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS. BLINDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, 4c.,
Keep constantly on hand a well selected stock of seas
onable Lumber, sir :--Joist and Scantling, Weatherboard
dressed Floating, Siding, Laths, Shingles, Palingsand
ar. White Pine and Oak Bills, sawed to order at the
shortest notice. All communications should be addressed
to Foes., PA. •isepD3.ly
BU DIN G LUMBER.—The under-
Signed is prepared to saw all kinds of Building Lum
ber at tit#lotrest market price. R. A. RENFREW,
GREETivOOO MlLts, Fayetteville P. 0. dec2S•ly
LUMBE kinds of Lumber for
sale at reasonable rates at A. S. MOON 'S Mill, near
Qatacy, Pa. julyl9.tf
NrEVir QUARTERS AND NEW STOCK.
IIiTHE OLD oLDTEILNG EMPORIUM,
Ili THE MaltliET
The undersigned, after a temporary absence necessitated
by the destruction of Clutmbereburg, has again returned
*and opened out in full blast in the Market House between
i l Wallaee's Dry Good store and Huber & Lemaster's
eery store, a large assortment of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS, of every description
This stock consists of Ready Made Clothing such as
Over Coats. Dress Cos, Pants, Xests, Under Srts,
Drawers, Sc., also
GENTLEMENN' FURNISHING -GOODS, such as
Cravats, Suspenders, Gloves, Shawl's, Handkerchiefs, Col
lars, Umbrellas, &c.., Sac
His stock of Cloths for customer work consists of French.
English and Dottie-sic manufacture. Black Due Skin and
Fancy enesimen Black Satin. Figured Silks. Plain and
Fancy Cassitner Vesting, •vhich will be made np to order
in styles' to suit the Roe of eIIRIMIIerS, on short notice, and
Having engaged n practical Cutter from the East, 1 . am
prepared to furnish clothing In the mom faehionable styles,
and as none but experienced workmen are entral per
t,ms may rely upon getting their work well done at my
Thankful for the patronage heretofure begtnwed, I re
speetfully nreleit a euntinllllllCo of the some.
J. T. ITOSKINSON.
THE NEW PHIL-ADELHHIA
Would respectfully inform the citizens of Chambersburd.
• and tie public generally, that he has opened
A NEW CLOTHING STORE,
Oa rein St., in Isaac Hutton's new bonding.
opposite Huber 4 ToMtn's. ,
His stell embraces uaqmplete assortment of new
an destrable Goode. which he offers to
the public at very low rates.
He also has a full tine of
GENTLEMEN'S FERNISHIN,G GOODS.
Weal' and examine for yourselves.
PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO
and eAtisfeation guaranteed, fju1342.6-3m
TO DYSPEPTICS.—Having been afilie
ted fir a number of years with Dyspepsia, I wan
IVIVISed toiry DR. WISRARTR MEDICINE for that
disease. rderived great benefit and recommended it to
quite a number of my friehde and nho were also much
Leann - wed by it, and whose testimonials can be had if nee
emary. I have been atipointed -by Dr Wishful as Agent
Fir the Sale of hie Medicine, wholesale or retail.
W. Cl. REED,
Repository °Mee. Chambersburg Pa.
FINFROCK'S MAII B L E WORKS,
SECOND STREET. SOUTH OP QUEEN.
MONUMENTS, HEADSTONES, &c.,
Manufactured to order in the bEetaty,te and of the Was
itoitt4lln - - Atpil.i.L;iltion_
BY M'CLURE & STONER,
G It E A T SALE OF GOVERNMENT
11011S.ES AND MULES.
P..i,C✓,ID ANIMALS TO RE SOLD DURING TIIE
MONTH OF AUGUST,
- in th 4 State., of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohin,
Indiana. Detan are, Maryland, and New
Jersey. and the Dititnet of
QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S OFFICE.
WASHINGTON, D. C. July 24, 1863.
Will b sold at public auction, to the highest bidder, at
the time - and places named below. viz :
New York city, Tuesday and Fnday of each week, 200
Horses each - day.
New York city, Wednesday of each week, 000 Mules
Elmira, Tuesday, August 8, 000 Horses.
Elmira, Tuesday, August 15,•500 Mules.
Albany. Friday. August 25. 500 Mules.
Buffalo, Wednesday. August 30. 500 Mules.
. . .
' Philadelphia, Thursday of each week, 200 Horses each
Philadelphia, Wednesday and Saturday of each week.
100 Mules each day.
Pittsburgh, Thursday of each_ week, 150 Mules each
Pottsville, Tuesday, August 1, 200 Mules.
Mitllintown, Friday, August 4, 200 Mules.
York, Friday, August 4, 200 Horses.
'Newrille, Wednesday, August 0. 100 Horses.
Neu - villa, Thursday, August 10, 100 Mules.
Reading. Friday, Auguist 11, 200 Horses.
Shippeusburg, Wednesday, August 16, 100 Horses.
Erie, Thursday. August 17, 200 Horses.
Shippensburg, Thursday. August 17, 100 Mules.
Williuntsp,•rt. Friday, August 16. 200 Horses.
Indiana. 51onday, August 21, 200 110r..e5,"
Chambersburg, Wednesday, August M 100 Horses.
Chambersburg, Thursday, August kg, 100 Mules.
Milton, Friday, August 23, 200 Horses.
, Carlisle, Weanesday, August 30, 100 Horses.
Carlisle, Thursday, Auzust . 3l, lOU Mules.
, Columbiana, Tuesday, Auelst I, 100 Horses.
d . Salem, Wednesday, August 2, 100 Horses.
Alliance, Thursday, August 3, 200 Horses.
Canton, Saturday, August 5, 200 Horses.
Cleveland. Tuesday, August R. 1000 Mules.
Massillon, Tuesday, Anguit 15, 200 Horses.
Crestline, Thursday, August 17. 500 Mules.
Cleveland, Monday, August 21.200 Horses.
Fort Wayne, Thursday, August 24, 1,000 Mules
Wilmington, Tuesday, of each week, 200 Horses each
Wilmington, Ft l iday, of each week, 200 31ulea -taeti
- . -
Trenton, Thursday. August 10, WO Mule&
Trenton; Thursday, August 24. 200 Mules.
Baltimore, Wednesday, August 9. and Wednesday of
each week thereafter, 200 Horses each day.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Each week day, 200 Mukts.
GIESB.)110, D. C.
Each week day except Wednesday, `_'oo Horses.
An opportunity to purchase a superior class of saddle
and draft animals, at far less than their true value, is now
offered to the public.
Though the majority of them are sound and service ble
they are no longer required in the army, and mast be
Many of the mules were bought in the beginning of the
war, when young, acoomparned the armies in all their
marches and camps, and are thoroughly broken, hardened
by exercise, gentle and f. miliar from being so long tuir
runnded by the soldiers.
_ Animals will be sold sine .
- Sales to commence at I 0 s
Tenns—Cash. in United States currency.
JAMES A. .EICE.c,
Bier. Ili g. Gen. In charge,
t Ist D,v. Q. M. 0. 0.
SPEoCI L AL'SA - LE
The United Stale , will sell at Public Auction.
CHAMPION J CITY BAZAAR & TATTERSALLS,
Rae, . bran-en 11th and 12th. P.illadelpAia.
Durlng the Mwth of August. 1t4;5,
These Mules are all serviceable, and sold only for want
of se. Buyers are invited to examine therm litany tin*,
and every ti eiaty will be given for a thorough inspection.
Roomy steeds are provided for protection from sun and
- - -
Will be Sold on EACH WEDNESDAY and SATUR
DAY THROUGHOUT THE MO4TH OF AUGUST
commencing at 10 tial.g , k, A. M.
TERMS CASH, IN GOVERNMENT FUNDS.
By Order of Brig Gen. EKIN.
ALBERT S. ASHMLAD. Captain and A. Q. SI
arig2.st] Office, No. 721 Market St., Philad'a.
LOOK .HERE.—The BOOK AND P
RIODICAL STORE at GREENCASTLE, Pa..
Whieb is doing a good business. is offered for sale. For
July 12-tf FETTERFJOFF Sa AT - ITERTON.
HAY PRES SES.—Three'_Hatal Hay
Presses. in good order, for sari cheap.
julyl9-tf GEO. A. DEITZ, Chambersburg, Pa.
Hagerstown Herald copy it, charge REPOETTOKT.
EAST SANDY OIL COMPANY,
PHILA DELPFI lA. -
J H. TAI Lon. M. D. Wm. R. ALLISON': EN.-
D. R. SEIBERT, ESQ. KGB. W. WILLIAM&
T. S MATIIER,
CAPITAL. - - $1.000.000.
'Aridad into aO.OOO Shares, at $3.00 eat*.
SLIISCRIPTICIN PRICE, 8:2.50 PER lIARE—STILL PAID.
Working Capital Reserred, $75.000.
President,—J. H. TAYLOR, Dl, D.
Treasurer,—D. H. SEIBERT,
Secretary—S. S. WALLIIIAN. H. D.
Superintendcnt,-0. F. WAL.i.nus.
OFFICE. No 4H WALNUT STREET. F . IIILADELPUL.I.
Lands on Tice's Ran and East Sandy Creek, Pine Grove
Township, Venango Co, Pa. consisting of
I. The Culp Farm, 6S Acres
2 & 3. The two Martin Farms of 80 and 50 Acres, me
Oil springs on all the farms. Boring - ferritory for forty
wells. Coal underlies the - Whole tract.
31auy wells in progress in the immediate vicinity and
all have excellent "shows." The "Fritz" well, one mile
east. ' struck oil" at 608 feet, on the Bth of July. Others
at 2.7.0 to 350 ft, find strong gas veins and other indubita•
blo evidences of oil, .Superintendent at work with one of
the best outfits in the 'oil regions, and sparing no effOrt to
insure rapid and sahsfactory progress.
Our lands are Al miles due south of the mouth or Pit
hole,—the Eldorado of Oildom. showing that we are un
doubtedly in the heart of the "Great Oil Belt of America."
The best judges of oil territory write no, "Before snevi
flieb your stock will realize handsomely for yqu."
For Maps: Circulars and any Information, 'fr for Stock,
address the Secretor/ at 432 WALNCT STREET, PHILA.
P. W. SEIBEIIT, Agent, Chalnbereburg, Pa
Boot o anb ,eqationerv.
THE OLD BOQK STAND
S. S. SHRYOCIIt
Ras been removed to the new building opposite the Pos'.
OF - mil, where a full assortment of
SCHOOL AND MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS,
STATIONERY, PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS; ETC
Cau be bad at exceedingly Low Prices.
WALL PAPER and WINDOW SHADES, a larg
Petrellil's Celebrated Gold rens, fully warranted.
Orders taken for goods, which will be Express.' in tbr
shortest pmsible time.
The New York and Philadelphia Papers received dad)
for which weekly subscriptions will be Wien. •
First Class Novels, MAstas.ines and Periodiralire - ceivec
srsm us published.
'We Gun sell Photograph Albums cheaper ban they cal
be bad ekewhere.
31u.ic sent free of pHrtace to any part of .the county.
Gilt-Fames. Worsteds and Fancy Good., constantly on
Our arrangements are such that we can supply any or
ders Katibt.iiitimily and with dispatch.
Ma. J. K. SiIItYOCK, is now loeatedin New pork, which
enables ns to tualenake the most complex
old Books of particular editions, dates or style. hunted
up at a reasonable conittosaion. [nos-2]
.1 1 ,3 entioto.
DENTISTRY. -REMOVAL.--W. B.
HAYCOCK, SrICGEON DENIIST, hafi removed his
°thee to the room lately occupied by Nixon's Drif i g Store,
on SEcoxr , STREET, half,teay between the .% rthodzet
Church and Seller's Hotel, where he to prepart4l to per
form all operations in Dentistry with mot and attention.
Prices low and satisfaction guaranteed. july-54t.
DR. H. R. FETTERHOFP, SURGEON
DENTIST. Offlee one door West of the Telegraph
(dime, Greencastle, Pa.
All work entrusted to him will be promptly attended to
and warranted. mayri-Gm"
T\R. N. SCHLOSSER'S DENTAL OF
FlCE:ou.Second Street, cue square South of the
%tart:St House. arqr2l
1 . ILLIES' PATENT
I_4 'WROUGHT AND CHILLED IRON
FIRE AND BURGLAR-PROOF 'SAFES
VAULT DOORS, AND LOCKS.
Every safe of this manufacture is from one inch to two
inches thick (according to size,) of solid iron, chilled by
casting on to a network of if iron bum, and iszfas.
tened by Lillie,' Combination Lock, which has no Key nor
Key hole, thus rendering it secure against burglars, and
inside of this Iron wail is attached the best fire•prooffltltug
known. The great thickness of iron in these imfesienders
them.secure in a fire from being warped or drawn out of
shape by heat, or from being crushed by the fall of walls
lir timbers or Its own fall. 'The Vault noors are inches
thick and 2 inches thick of 'chilled and Wrought Iron and
are fastened by Lillie,' celebrated Luck. Send for &CU •
tars or price hots to the subscriber, who is role agent for
centralTennsylvania. OEO. W. PARSONS,
marchl•6m • 110 Market St., Rarrlibttrg. pa,
Visit to the late Belle! Capitat—Tortress
Monroe—Wrecks of the Cumberland and
Congress-nsieenery of the James River—
The ;Fortifications of Richmond—Polite.
Attentions of the Richmonders.
Correipentlenee at the Franklin liepo>ttory,
Since I wrote to you, I became a traveler. I
took Richmond and Petersburg without difficul
ty, and now agree with little Nap. in his tnbrisic
view that the proper approach to the rebel capi
tal was by the James river.
I had spent almost three years in a fruitless en
dearer to react this coveted city overland, al-'
though I moved iu great state and power. atten
ded by a magnificent escort=no less than "an ar
my with banners." Unforseen obstacles used to
intervene, and we would retrac - e:"bur steps, to re
new them again and again. until the modern Ulys
ses stopped his ears to syren songs and moved.
straight on the opposing works, and did not dash
his brains out against fortifications, as the traitors
I will tell you how I proCeeded in my advance.
ACcompanied by Lt. Col. Gilliland, the assistant
military State Agent of ; Pa., a gentleman well
known to Penna. Soldiers as one who has ren
dered them invaluable service, I took passage on
the steamboat, at Baltimore, six oclock in the
evening, and, paddling down the Patapsco,- soon
entered the broad Chesapeake,. passing on our
way several powerful furtificatArs, among which
was the fatuous Ft. Mllenry, whose bombard
ment-by the British begat the Great National An
them of the "Star Spangled Banner," which has
just received its hill baptism, and now in the most
ample sense waves over the laud ofi - the free and
the home of the brave. "At or about" the Open
ing of the , ' river into the bay an immense furtifica
thin of stone is iu course of construction ; it is
called Ft, Carroll, I believe, and its armament
will sweep from shore to shore. Were I poetically
endowed, as I almost wish I were for the nonce,
I would give you a grand description of the placid
waters of the wide 'bay, the gorgeous sunset, the
sportin 6 g.porpoises, the quaint, solitary, flashing
light-houses, - the weird-like craft which, doming
seemingly fvm the cloud-land, dallied with_ the
laughing waters that bore them onward. • But un
fortunately not being instinct with the'"divinus
afflatus," I indulged in my unromantic pipe on
deck, and then crawled into my cabin, over the
water w heel, and slept soundly,- oblivious of the
chewing nil groaning that was going on beneath:
After a eiunthrtable breakfast, we reached the
landing at Ft. Monroe. when we were transfer
red to a boat of lighter draft, w hick was to Coll-
Vey us up the James. Ft. Monroe is a work of
great strength, erected on the angle which juts
in between Hampton Road. told the Chesapeake,
Directly fronting it is the well-known - Rip Raps,"
an iffimens'e pol)gonal structure of .'tout, rising
sheer from the waste of waters and grinning
fierce defiance from its multitbdiinus Mouths. =
During the war, it was a place ofterronto delin
quent soldiers, who were often sentenced to labor
on its construction. in expiation of desertion, dis
obedience and kindred. offences. We did nut pay,
our respects to Jeff. Davis in Ft. Monroe. - be-
Cause we had not been invited, which is to be la
mented as you v, ould hare had a reliable account
of the condition of the arch rebel, fur ‘SIIOII3 the
sour-apple trt.m has been so long yearning, and
yearning, I trust, not in rain. It were-a great
crime td let this monstrous offender go AMU hipt
ofjOstice, and it is to be hoped his trial w a di by
speedily ordered, and his exemplary punishineut
be presented to the world as a warning, through
all coming time, to possible_tradors to free gov
ernment, to assassin conspirators, and pr ejectors
of such horrors as were prolonged at Anderson
ville, the contemplation of which makes the heart
falter and the head faint. -
But a Short distance. above Fort Monroe. we
-passed the scene of the triumph and the discom
fiture of the Merrimac. The wrecks of the Cum
berland and Congress ye.tre still partly visible. Of.
the former vessel, which went down so proudly
"with the glonous ensign of the Republic still
high advanced," nothing but the bow-sprit was
discernible, palpitating as-the waves rose and fill
upon it. The Congress was surrounded by a
wooden frame toot k. and steam pumps were bus)
at work, aiding to raise her hallowed block.
felt as if it were atlesecration to resurrect her bur
ied reinains,and:i4ould hare let her lie like Marie
in the waters she' perished in defending, freighted
with memories of that heroic fight. On the hanks
of_the river are many ponds of interest connected
with the war—Newport New s, ell's Point,
immense hospitals, etc., etc. As we proceed up
the stream we soon conic to Jamestown, whuse
importance in our early history, and'especially in
reference to the slave trade, is well- know n. it
never was more than a hamlet it a ould seem, but
is now marked by a cluster of chimneys only, and
-furnishes an instructive picture of "war's desola
tion." At present it is a fitting habitat for the
noxious weed named in its honor—"Jainestoan
weed;" but known More fiundiaily by its corrupt
appellation of "gyrnson."
It required but little architecture in Virginia;
to secure the name of town or village, and (men
times I have been camping in the fields, while our
locality wild officially designated a- Fayetteville,
for instance. My pi•rpli•xity removed
by, the miorniation that t IR' t illy, is Mira. or ton,
attached to a huge lonely chimney which had l o st
its supplemental logs ha the ravages of war. It
was like,dignitying a solitary telegraph pith• with
the title of grove. After the relics ol Jamestown,
Bit. next of jest if illti're,t was Fitt rim Moan,
('the emphasis is laid by the Virginians upon the
last syllable, and correctly if Park Benjamin is
within , he once infmutril me that the Indi
ans always emphasised the final syllables of their
names.) This is an imposing earths k, seated
on a high bluff, ery;ted by the rebels orientally,
and l'regthimed and Mil - moved by our forces.
The James is a beautifhl river, very wide and
deep, from its mouth far up its course, but as we
draw near Richmond. growing narrow, sinuous
and shallow, until at the upper part of the city,
it is interspersed with numerous islets, and be
comes a series of rapid falls ddshing and brawl
ing over huge rocks: Usually its shores are low,
and, especially on the south side, which was but
seldom visited during the rebellion, and well
wooded. Few houses are met With along its
bank, almost no cultivation, and for boars we
would discover no srgns of animal life. save air
occasional negro fisherman in his skiff, or a bulky
water hen flapping her wings noiselessly along
its margins. :The scenery has a striking aborigi
nal Character, and so silent and wild did it seem
that I had nut thought it strange, if from some of
the clumps of heavy timber which stood at the
, edges of the stream, one of Powhatan's stark and
painted warriors had darted his swift canoe
athwart our prow. As we drew near the late
busy scenes of war, we met boats coming down
laden with Soldiers, wlio were returning front
their long and deadly struggle for the nation's
life, crowned with victory, and jubilant and joy-
Otis with-4110 visions of home. Three years ago,
I come down this same river, with the broken
regiments of the Penna. Reserves, from the peg-
cHAMBERSBURG, PA., WEDNESDAY,.AITUST 16. IS6
nmkg - of the Chjpkahominy, where they
:rated their valor at such fearful aacrifi-
I were then
,on• their way, the grlit of
y of the Potomac, to join, Pope's Army,
e 2d Bull Run battles, having embarked
ion'. Landing, where MVlellan gathered
.13 mortified by defeats, which, under
herman, Sheridan or Thonias, had been
victories that would have placed Richmond at
We soon reached this historic landing. It was
still and dentri-tike. The deserted huts recently_
occupied by our troops were yet standing—the
large= brick dwelling, house, used in Summer of
'h2, after the 'seven days fight as our hospital,
looked gloomily down from its commanding,hill,
but, happily, no longer filled with our siekl and
What a change! The transports burdened with
supplies, the hospital boats crowded with suffer
ing patients, the mail steamers, the gunboats, the
"Monitor,"-and the hundreds of other busy craft
were gone. The shores no longer teem with
soldiery ; the immense parks of Artillery, the in
terminable wagon trains, never resting day or
night, the evergoing ambulance, had all vanished,
and death seemed to be reigning where life had
. reveled. On the hill directly across, I saw the
traces of the Mansion Once owned by Edward
Ruffin, the aged traitor who ambitiously fired
the " first gull" at Sumpter, and recently blew
wit his addled brains, four years too late, in cha
grin and disappointment at the result of the
bloodshed he invoked. While our Division was
1 3 l u g at Landing - , rebel engineers canie
to the Prow of the opposite heights, near this
house, and selected a position from which to shell
our shipping. They marked out the spot for
their artillery, and in the dead of night brought
down their batteries, and opened a terrific fire.
They overshot the vessels, but poured a fierce trail
of shot and shell right into our quarters. Our
gunboats replied ineffectually, but the siege guns
soon silenced their batteries. It was said thr
change of the tide, which runs up far above this
place, saved our vessels, by altering the points
at which their pieces had been directed. The
next day, a force was taken from our Division
across the river, which cut down the timberserv
g the rebels as shelter, and burned Ruffin's house.
A short sail from Harrison's Landing brought
us to City Point and Burmuda Hundred, the de
pots for the Armies of the Potomac 'and the
James. The latter place was rather a small set
tlement, but City Point had been a place of im:
unease consequence. There all the supplies fur
Grant's threes were lauded. Huge warehouses
stretched along the wharf, and the hills immedi
ately in rear were crowded With barracks devo
ted to the requirement of the great army. It
was at this place that the hospitals were estab
lished, all the sick and wounded having been car
ried hither, regimental hospitals being diseoutiu
on account-of the nearness of the opposing
andbecauffe of the wise policy of bringing
patients from the field as soon as they becoulif se
riously ill, greatly.to the ease and satisfaction of
regimental Surgeons. From the- wharf,"Melide's
Railroad conveyed the Supplies, along the rear
of the lines, safely Ip the troops. City Point
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was the place 't which Union prisoners were
brought in 'tl2, fir exchange. It is situated on
one of those bends of the river, which sweeps off;
for miles, to mime back'within• hailing 'distance ,
of its starting point,
From City Point all the way up the river, can.
be seen on both sides as far as the eye can reach,
the extensive and very formidable earthworks
thrown up by both armies. The high. bluffs,
which range from here to Richmond, are one con-,
tinuous fortification, among the most noted being
the Howlett House Battery and the 'systems of
work known as Drury Bluff. Below and front
ing there is Butler's lookout, the Crows ',Ncst, a
dizzy skeleton tower, on an eminence and com
manding a 'view - for a circumference of many
miles, overlooking, I should suppose, the rebel
lines even to Richmond. Near by is the notori-;
pus Dutch Gap. Canal, by, which an elbow of the
river, seven miles in extent, was to be intersect- -
ed by a ditch of apparently three hundred feet in
length, a job that ought to have been accomplish
ed in a month, if the workmen bad been unmo
lested—which they were not. ThiacNtf would
have flanked several formidable reberdefenees.
In-the face of the bluff, at the commencement of
the canal, are numberless excavations, into which
the laborers crept , when the opponents of this
system of internal improvements saluted them
with angry shell. It struck me that this canal
was unscientifically constructed—it pas4A straight
across the little peninsula instead of running ob
liquely. so that the water could not find a ready
,inlet to it, but would sweep by its mouth, which
,♦truck the current at right. angles.
An Ortiller3 officer on board our boat, whO had
served in the neighborhood of this gap, spoke in
sharp terms of censure of the obstinacy of Geh.
Butler, v,ho,would never take_ advice, and who,
It was further alleged, contrived his mile iri such
a manner as to make the explosion which was to
open the month, a necessary failure. Above the
gap are the, remains ok the obstructions—canal
boats laden with stone and sunken—placed - for
the purpose of preventing the descent of the rebel
rams. But so carelessly were these rams watch
ed, and so stealthily did they move,•that they
passed unobserved one of the most powerful works
on the northern bank, broke through the obstruc
tion, and, but for their unaccountable irresolution,
would have reached City Point and destroyed the
vast supplies accumulated there. One of their
escorting gunboats, 3on remember, ran aground
and was blown up; the rams repassed the dam of
boats, and returned to Richmond„ -•
We are now within ,the rebel lines, and can
-pass %%Mud anything special tQ - the doomed city.
As we proceed, we come upon the ruins of the
Tams exploded to save them from the pollatiOn of
Yankee - possession: and fragments of army bridg.;
es, that served to.facilitato the-rapid transfer of
troop from one to the other side of the river, as
danger threatened. On tlie boilers of the sunken'
rams squads of darkies were' basking like term! ,
pins; and on the pier of a skeleton bridge, a soli ;
tary Cuffey, reminding us of Macauley's hypothet;
ical ;dew Zealander, was lazily fisliug.
About 5 o'clock* the evening we stepped off
the boat upon the Whiiti at Richmond, and were;
enveloped by a-mongrel crowd of badmen and
VOL. 72, , -WHOLE NO, 3;719
porters, who offered us theirl politeattentions
with as Mitch zeal as they were wont, the dark
days justTrer, to clamor their insults - into the
ears of our captured brethren, whom they doomed
to lingering and excrutiating deaths.
I 'will not inflict upon you a description of the
debris of the material manifestation of the con
federacy—guns, wagons, ammunition, pontoon
boats, etc. etc. etc.—that was strewn in disor
dered heaps about the wharf,—fit emblems of the
utter wreck of that base fabric, but as I take my
seat in an old New York omnibus, to hunt a place
for refreshment and rest, I will excuse you from
your fatiguing attendance, and commend you to
the same comforts. FiLkTER.
Translated from the French for the Franklin Repoitory.
PARIS LIFE-THE ARTIST'S PARTY.
Towards the close of DeceMber, the postmen
were charged with the distribution of about a
hundred motes of Invitation, of which the follow
ing is a copy that we certify to be correct, verba
tim et hteratun:
Sm: Messrs. Rodolphe and Marcel, beg of you
to do them the honor of passing next Saturday
(Christmas) evening with them. "There will be
laughter." P. S.—Life is short
PROGRAMME OF THE FETE
At 7 o'clock.—Opening of the parlors ; lively
and animated conversation.
At 8 o'clock.—Grand entry and promenade
through the parlors, of the witty authors of "The
mountain in labor," a comedy refused at the Ode
At h o'clock. Mr. Alexandre Schaunard, a
distinguished virtuoso, will execute upon the piano
"The influence of the blues upon the Sue arts,"
an imitative symphony.
At 9 o'clock.—First reading of the memorial
upon "the abolition of tho inflection of high trag
edy upom.the community."
At 94 o'clock. Mr. Gustave Colline, hyper:
physical philosopher, and Mr. Schuunard will en
ter upon a discussion of the comparative claims
of philosophy and metapolitics. To avoid the
possibility of a collision between the two antago
nists, they Will both be tied hand and foot.
At 10 o'clock.—Mr. Tristan, a man of letters,
will relate Low, when and where he Slat fell in
love: A Nlr. Alexander Schatmard will accompany
him upon the piano.
At 10), o'clock—Second reading of the memo: -
rial upon the abolition of the infliction of high
At 11 o'clock.--Circumstantial details of a ea)
sowary hunt, by a tbreign prince.
midnight.—Mr. Marcel, historical painter,
will bandage his eyes, and improvise in white
crayon the interview between Napoleon and Vol
taire in the Elysian Fields. Mr. Rodolphe will at
the same moment improvise a parallel between
the author of Zaire and him of the Battleof
Al half past 12.—Mr. Gustave Colline, in mod
est underclothing, will imitate the athletic sports
of the 4th Olympiade.
At 1 o'clock, A. 31 —Third reading if the me
morial upon the abolition of the inflection of high
tragedy, etc ; and a collection in behalf of tragic
authors who will soon be out of uork.
At !, 2 o'clock.—Opening of the games, and ar
rangement of the quadrilles, which will be pro•
longed until the morning.
At 6 o'clock.—Sunrise and closing chorus.—
Pending the enrire duration of the - tete, the:ven
tilators will play without intermission.
N. B.—Any one-daring to read or recite verses
will be immediately expelled from the parlors'',
and handed or - et to the police-r-the guests are, at
the same time, particularly requested not to-pock
et the candle ends.
TwO (lays atter, copies of this letter were cir
culating in the third tier of the arta and litera
ture, and produced a profound sensation therein.
=Notwithstanding, some among the incited guests
doubted the splendors announced by the two
"I have been," said one of these skeptics, "to one
or two of Rodolphe's parties, and eyen . the chairs
were visionary._ I'm not clear on the subject,
Which reminds me of the kind of water we had tb
" But this time it is bona fide,"- said another.
" Marcel shoved me the plan of the entertainment,
and it promises wonders." --
".2Will their be any women there ?"
"Of course—Pheinie, the dyer, has asked to
be queen of the Fete; and Schaunard is to bring
along some fashionable ladies."
Behold, in few ‘Vads, the origin of this fete
that produced such overpowenng astonishment
in thel3ohemian Quarter. For about a rear now.
Marcel and Rodolphe had announced this sump
tuous gala, which was always to be "next Satur
day," but circumstances "over which they had
no control" had caused their promise to make a
circuit of two and fifty weeks; until they could
scarcely take a step without encountering ironi
cal remarks of their-friends, among whom Were
a few who went so far as to call them mean.
The affair beginning to assume a "..Monsieur Ton
son" character. the two friends determined to
phv off all their old scores at one time. This
will account for the above invitation
We emit back out nowt." said Rodolphe,
we have burnt our ships. But eight days
are left us to find the hundred francs so indispen-
Bible to make things right."
'• Whet we must have, we will have," answer
ed Marcel, and with an insolent confidencem
chance, the two friends slept, convinced that
their hundred franca were already on the way—
a way never yet trawled.
Two nights before the appointed day, nothing
having "turned up" as yet, Rodolphe thought he
might as well help chance a bit, or else make up
his mind to lubmit to cruel mortification when
the time came "to light up." So the two deci
ded to simplify matters by modifying gradually
the extmvagaticies of the programme that they
had imposed, upon themselves. Little by little
they clit down the article of cakes, and caused
the refreshments almost to disappear, until the
total expense was reduced to fifteen francs. The
question was simplified, but not solved.
"Let us see, let us see," said Rodolphe, "we must
make a prodigious etThrt. In the first place there
ig no backing out this time."
• "Impossible rejoins Marcel.
"Hum. How long is it since I heard the story
of the battle of 'Studzianka ?"
"Very nearlyltwo months."
"Two months; good! that's a polite interval,
my uncle can't complain of that. I'llgo to-mor
run and get low to tell Inc the Wale - of St udtian-
An , that'll be five francs SURE."
"For My part," as Marcel, "I'll go and sell a
banntql house to old Met'leis. That will be five
trance too. If I have titne enough tosut in three
towers and a will maybe it will be teit francs,
and that is all we want." -
And the two friends fell quietly asleep dream
ing that the Princess Belgiopiso had huMbly en
treated them to alter their reception days, e i as
not to deprive her of her accustomed guests.
Next morning bright and early Marcel tobk.
canvas and proceededprisklyto construct a haein•
ted house, an article at that time very much in
demand among the cheap picture dealers. On
the other hand Rodolphe had gone to see his
Uncle Monett', who excelled in telling the story
of the (arutt from Russia, and to whom Rodolphe,
tire, or six times a year. when extremely hard up,
afforded the satisfaction of recounting his cam
paigns, at the same time effecting a small loan
which the old veteran seldom refused to one who
listened with sufficient enthusiasm to his inter
As it struck two. Marcel, head down and with
a canvam under his arm, met Rodolphe on his
way from his uncle's. His appearance betokened
had news. .
"Well," asks Marcel, "have you succeeded ?"
"No, my uncle has gone to the museum at Ver
sailles. And you 1"
"That brute of a Medicis don't want any more
ruined castles—be asked me for a, bombardment
"Ourcharucters are lost, if wo don't give our
party," munnurs Rodolphe. "What will my friend,
the influential critic, think if I make him put on
a white cravat and yellow kids for nothing?"
And the twain entered their studio, a prey, to
At this moment a neighbor's clock struck four.-
"We have but three hours before us," sighs
"But," cries Marcel, approaching his friend,
"are you sure, quite sure. that we haven't any
money left here at all. - Eli?"
"Neither here, nor any place else. Where
would it come from, I'd like to know?
"Suppose we hunt under the furniture—=
through the armchairs. They say that the
emigres used to conceal their money in the
time of Rohespibtre. Who knows? Maybe our
armchair belonged to an emigre; and then it is
h trd enough, in all conscience, robe full of metal.
I've often thought so Shall I make a post mot
' tern e: a :lination
" You stole that from a play," retorts Rodolphe,
in a tone of mingled severity and indulgence.
All at once 'Marcel, who had continued his
search in every corner of the studio uttered a
loud cry of triumph. •
"Saved'" he exclaimed, "I was certain that
there was somethingg - valmiblit here. "Bold up.
look !" exhibitin t a coin about as large as a crown
piece half eaten by rust, and covered with verdi
It was a Carlovingian coin of s om e artistic val
ue. On the superscription, fortunately preserved,
could be deciphered the date of the reign of Clay
"'fiat! that's not worth more than a franc
or so;" says Rodolphe, throwing a disdainful
glance Upon his friend's treasure trove.
" Thirty sous well laid out, can be made to
produce a grand effect," retort4Marcel. "With
to elve hundred' men Bonaparte obliged ten thous
Austrians to surrender. Skill equals num
bers. I am off to old Medicis with my crown .-..
piece. Haven't' we anything else here that we
can sell Suppose I take away.the cast of &con
owski, the Russian Drum Major's leg—that will
make us a little richer."
"Take the leg, bet it is mightily unpleasant;
we'll not have anything artistic left." .
During Marcel's absence. Rodolphe, fully deci
ded to give the party _whether or not, started to
find his friend Culline, the byperphysical philoso
pher, who lived about two steps oft
"I have come," said he, "to beg a greet favor
of you. In my quality of host,i s absolutely—
necessary that I should have a black dress coat—
and I haven't one—lend me yours."
"But," returned Colliue_, hesitating, "In my
quality of - guest, I need my own black coat my
"I permit inif,io come in io r frock coat."
"Yon know very weir that /never had a frock
"Well, listen, we:can arrange this iu another
way. If the worst come to the worst, you can
stay at home and lend me your coat."
"But aU that is very unpleasant—as I am on the
programme. I cant fail to be there."
_other things will fail to be there,"'
groans Rodolphe. "Do lend me your black,coatt
and if you trill come, come;m l Y way you like—in
your shirt sleeves; if you choose. You can pass
for an old family servant'
"No, no," sat s Colline, reddening, "I'll wear
my plain colored over-coat. I must say, this is
anything but agreeable to me." And as he per
ceived Rodolphe already putting on the famous
black coat, he exclaimed :
"Wait a bit. There are a few articles in the
Colline's coat deserves a special description.
1,0 the first place this coat was a decided blue,
and it was only through habit that Colline would
say "my black dress coat' And as be was the
only one of the party' who possessed a dress coat,
his companions bad also fallen into the habit of
saying, when they spoke of the official clothing of.
the philosopher, "Celline's black dress coat." Be
sides, this famous coat was of a particular cut;
the most bizarre that one could ,find anywhere.
The waist was very short and the tails extremely
long, with two pockets, veritable caverns, in which
Collins was accustomed to deposit a score or two
of volumes that he carried eternally about him;
so•that his friends used to say, during the season
when the libraries were closed, the scholars and
literary men could find all they needed in Culhne's
coat pockets, a library ever open to readers.
On that day, for a wonder. Colline's'eoat con
tabled only a 4 to Volume of Boyle. a treatise on 4
the hyperphysical faculties in three volumes, a
volume of Condillac, two volumes of Swedenborg,
and Pope's Essay on Man. When he had unpack
ed the library-coat, he permitted Rodolphe to put
"Stop,", said the latter ;f. " the left pocket is
heavy yet, we hare left something id it.'
"Ah ;" says Collins ; " that is true: I forgot
to empty the foreign language pocket." So say
ing, he extraetedtwo Arabic grammars, a Malay
Dictionary, and a complete Celtic Doctor in Chi
nese, his tarot ite.reading.
When Rudolph° re-entered his room, he found
Marcel playing with five franc piece's—three.
On the first impulse of the moment, Rodolphe re
jected the extended hand of his friend—thoughts
of rohberry flitted across his brain. -
"Let us hurry all we can," sputters Marcel.
"We haw the indispensable fifteen francs—
Listen how—l met au antiquarian round at old
Medicis'. When he saw my piece, he all but
fainted, it was.the only link wanting in his collec
tion. He had sent everywhere for it and hadlost
hope entirely. So after he had taken a good look
at my Charlemagne crown pieie, be offered me
five trance without hesitation. Medicis nudged my
elbow and gave me a look that said; "Share the
profits and I'll bid "against him—he got up to thir
tj francs—fifteen- of them I gave the Jew, here
are the rest. . 1 .,,N0w let our guests come, we are
now in a condition to dazzle them. Holloa,
you have a black coat, hare you."
"Yes," smiles Rodolphe, "Colline's coat"—
Thus speaking he felt in the pocket of foreign lan
guages for his handkerchief and brought forth a
small volume of Choctaw which had been over
The two friends proceeded at once with their
preparations. They put the studio in order, kin
dled a fire in the stove, a picture stretcher, or
namented with dandles was improvised into a
chandelier: a bureau was moved into the, middle
of the room as a - stand for the speakers ;in front
they placed their only armchair for the influential
critic ; and they arranged upon the table all the
volumes, romances„ poems and periodicals, the
the authors of which were to honor the soiree
with their presence. To avoid collissions between
the different cliques of authors; the studio was
divided into four compartments, at the entrance
to each, on four staring placards was scrawled:
To the ladies was assigned the open space in
"Dear me! we have no chairs," ejaculatedßo 7
"Oh," returns 'Marcel, "there are some in the
passage piled up against the wall. Let us appro
priate them !"
"Certainly!" says Rodolphe, as he seized the
chairs belonging to some neighbor. '
- Six o'clock struck. The two friends hurried
to dinner: and rushed back to illuminate. their
pmlor .. They were theinselres'dozzled with the
etrect. At 7 o'clock Schaunard arrived,. ac
companied ..by three ladies, who,by the byei tad
left their diamonds and bonnets at home. One
of them wore a red shawl spotted with black.—
Schaunard called Rodolphe's attention to her par
"Th it a woman extremely mime i/ faut,"
whisper -he:_ "an English lady—whom the fall of
the Stuarts forced intO exile; she makes a modest
living by giving English lessons. Her father was
LordThaucellor under Croniv.ol, so she told me:
you mmt.be ceremonious with her, and floodlit
attempt any fzuniliarities."
• Numerous'iteps were heard upon the stairs—
it was thh guebts assembling—they all appeared
surprised to see fire in the stove. -
Rodolphe's black coat advanced to meet the la
dies, and kissed their hands with a grace truly
royal. By the time that some twenty had assem
bled, sehannard wanted to know if they couldn't
have a round of something to drink.
"In good time," explains Marcel; we are
a waiting the arrival of the influentialuritic before
u-e light the punch."
By eight o'clock, the complement of guests
was HI, and they, began to carry out the pro
gramme. Each - part of the entertainment was
alternated by a round of something to drink, no
body ever knew u hat.
Towards ten o'clock the white waistlemult of
the influential critic - appeared. It
about an hour, and emidueted itself with remark
About midnight, as the wood was all used up
and the weather very chilly, the guests who hap
penedlo be seated drew lots who should burn his
At one o'clock. all were standing.
An amiable sprighttiness prevailed all the time
among the guests. There was nothing.untoward
to regret, _excepting • a rent in the toteign lan
guage pocket of Conine's dress coat, and a box
on the ear that Schaunard administered to the
dalighter of Cromwell's Chancellor. -
That famous soiree was for eight days the
leading topic of conversation in the neighborhood,
and Phernie the dyer, a ho had teen queemathe
Fete. was accustomed to say •in talkintetaTer
with her companions:
"It was perfectly splendid,iny.dear; they actu
ally had wax males.,
THE Constitution of Massachusetts contains
the following article, defining the right of suf
_ ART. XXX. No person shall have the right to
vote, or be eligible to °trite - under the Gonstitu
tion of this Commonwealth who , who , shalt not be
able to read the Constitution'tif the English lan
guage, and write his name.
A cu'rE Yankee in Kansas sells liquor it: a gau,
barrel histead of a glass, that he may evade the,
'the law, and make it appear beyond dispute-nit
he iR selling by the barrel. - • ;.•