The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, May 03, 1865, Image 1

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every Wednesday morning ; "TILE REPOSITORY
ASSOC/AT/ON," at $2 50: annum, IN ADVANuI; or
$3 if not paid within the ar. - AU subscription nc.
Counts If1:81 be settled 47 1 / l Ua. 'No paper will be sent
oat of the State unless paid Pia adrancr, and all each
subscriptions will invariably bliscontinned at the expi•
ration of the time for which Owe paid.
per line for first insertion, and T [Torts per line for sub.
sequent insertions. A liberal daunt is made to persons
advertising by the quarter, half-ar or year. Special no
tices charged one•balf more tharegular advertisements.
All resolutions of Assoeintions; mmunications of limited
or individual interestond notice! Marriages and Deaths
exceeding live lines, are chargeefteen cents per line.
' All Legal Notices Of eeetkind, and all Orphans'
Court and other Judicial Sales, e required by kw to be
advertised in th!BElVlTOUT—itteing the LARGEST CIE:
CULATION of_any pcip , ; . published ithe county of Fran klin
JOB PRINTLNG of every kinds Plain and Fancy col.
era, done with neatness and dispute Blanks,l
Cards, Pamphlets, &c., of every slaty andetyle, Printed
at the shOrtest notice. The ItErCeolty OFFICE has just
been re-fitted with littera Power Id three Presses, and
eveny thing in the Printing line e. be executed In the
most artistic manlier and at the lowdrates. TERMS IN
nr Mr. 'John K., Shryock is orauthorized Agent (d
receive Snbseriptions and Advertiseents, and receipt ter
the same. All letters should be ad Lased to
M'CLURE S. STNES, Publishers.
Coal, Lumbri &r.
The undersigned have now on and, at their , *.
Marge supply of Sash, Shutters, Doorand Mill fur sale,
or made to order.
Mouldings of all descriptions, from hif inch to a inches,
on band.
Plain iind - Ornamental Scroll Saiifigiently executed.
Also—Wood Turning is all its broncos. Newel Posts;
Banisters, Bed Posts, &A. On hand.
A large supply of Dressed Flooring 3r sailer,
Also—Window and Door Frames on band tor made at
short notice. HAZELET, VEISOV S. CO..
fel,' If Harrison avenue, Clunbeisburg, Pa.
Wanted by GEO. A. Darz.
warned by GEO. A. GETZ.
Wanted by GEO. A. GEM
Wanted by GEO. A. GEM.
an 4 all kinds of Product, bought by,,Ott. A. DRITZ, at
btu Wtiiehouse above the RztiVrat Depot
s eale cheap, by the ton or lull ton,
"—by the cord or half cord.
sawed and split ibrAave wit, by the cord or half cord.
of Oak, Wahtut and Pine, always on hand.
and all kinds a - LUMBER, SUCir BS Oak and Pine Plank;
.Oak, Walnut, Plan and Hemlock Boards; Floating Boards,
Joists, Scantling, Shingles, Paling,, Laths, &c.
always on band, and roofs put on by the best Slaters, who
have drawn medals for their superior workmanship.
above the Railroad Depot, and buy cheap. pee2l
We have on band all kinds of Coal and Luthber, and
are prepared to furnish Bill Lumber to order at shnrt no ;
tics, all at the most reasonable terms. (Inc stock of Lum
ber consists of -
White Pine 2 inch Plank,
" if " select Plank.
" 1.1 " Plank.
I select and Culling Boards,
" Boards,
" fe Siding. (6 inch.)
" River Shingles,
" Worked Flaring,
Joist and &totaling. all sizes,
Hemlock Joist and Scantling, -
Boards, •
Yelloterme Boards, Joist and Scantling,
Palling and Plastering Laths.
We have also always on band a od supply of all
kinds of Coal for stoves and lime - burn ing. Also a supe
rior article of Broadtop Coal for blacksmiths. The pub
lic are invited to give us a call, no we will endeavor to
give satisfaction to all that call,
,Cool and Lainber furnished on the ears to any station
on the Franklin Railroad.
- tarOtßee on Second St., in the rear of the Jail Yard,
Cbambersburg, Pa. LEO. EBERT & SON.
York and Goldehorough,
Keep constantly on hand a well selected stock of seas
onable Lumber, viz:--Joist and Scantling, Weatbsrboard-
Inedressed Flooring, Siding, Laths, Shingles, Paling/3 and
far White Pine and Oak Bills, sawed to order at the
shortest notice. All communications should be addressed
to YORK. PA. (sep2.9-1y
STEAM SAW ,MILL.—The undersign
ed have erected enkin operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountains ; near Gratfenbuig Springs, and aro
prepared to saw to order Bills, of WHITE 'OAK, PLNE,
HEI4LOCK or • any kind of timber desired, at the short
est notice and at low rates. One of the firm will be at the .
Hotel 61Stmel Greenawalt, in Chambersburg, on Satur
day the 24th inst, and on each alternate Saturday thereaf
ter for the purpose of contracting for the delivery of lum
ber. LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the Low-
EST RATER. All letters should be addressed to them at
Gmffenburg P. a, ,Adartuteo `Pa.
decll4l _ MILTS. BERGER & BRADY.
1Y . 8 , 6
I LDIN G L MBER.—The; under
signed is prepared to sa' all kinds of Building Lum
ber at the lowest market price. R. A. RENFREW,
. GREENWOOD MILLS, Fayetteville P. O. dee22-llm
VASTERN.INN.—The undersigned ha
ving lately purchased the large and commodious
Brick Building of Rev. S. R. Fisher, in connection With his
Lresent place of-business, on the corner of Main street and
udwig 's Alley, is prepared to aceammodase BOARD
ERS by the day, week or month. He is amply provided
with STABLING to accommodate the traveling public.
Having a large LIVERY STABLE connected with the
lintel, guests and the public generally can bethrnished
with Horse* and Carriages at any moment. Penions
Chambersbarg with their families will find this the
most comfortable Hotel in the county, as it has been re
fitted with entire new Furniture, and the rooms are large
and well ventilated. The TABLE is amply supplied with
all the luxuries of the season, and the.BAR, which is de
tached from the Brick Building, will always be furnished
with choice and pure liquors. - Every attention paid to the
comfort of guests. [oetl2( S. F. GREENA WALT.
IgitROWN,'S HOTEL.—This Hotel, situ-
JJ on Hie corner of Queen and Second Streets op
potato the Bank, Court Room, and County Offices, and In
the immediate neighborhood of Stores, Shops, and other
pbsees of business, is conceniently - sitnated for country
people having business in Chmabersburg. The Banding
has been greatly enlarged and refitted for the aconninoda
thin of Guests.
THE TABLE will bltiays be furnished with the "beak
the Market can produce.
THE BAR will be supplied with pure find choice Li
THE STABLE is large and attended with n good and
careful Ostler.
Every attention will be rendered to make Onelts cam
fortable Irbtle soJourning,at chit, Hotel.
febl JACOB S. lIRONtN. , Proprietor.
TTNION HOTEL.—This old and well
lJ establhated hotel is now open for the acconitoodation
of Guests
, The Proprietor having leased the three•story block of buil
dings on Queen Street. in the rear-of his former stand, is
prepared to furnish GOOD ROOMS for the traveling and
Prannient enstorn.
HIS TABLE will sustain its former reputation of being
BEIPPnAd with the best the market can produce.
HIS BAR, detached from the nude building, will al
ways have choice and pore Liquors.
Good warm STABLING for fifty _horses,, with careful
Every attention will be made to reader guests (=fort
able while solourniag at this Hotel.
janlB .T . NO. FISHER, Proprietor.
1," has become the Proprietor of the UNITED STATES
HOTEL; near the Railroad Depot at HARRISBURG,
PA. This popular and Commodious Hotel has been newly
refitted and furnished throughout its parlors and chambers,
and is now ready for the reception of guests.
'The traveling publha will find the United States -Hotel
the most convenient, in all pal-tie - niers, of any Hotel in
the State Capital, on account of its access to the railroad,
being immediately between the two grent s derts in this
city. (Harrisburg, June 17, 63-tf.
the Lebanon Valley altd Pennsylvania Railroad De
p_ots, Harrisburg Cityl - Par :This convenient and pleasant
Hotel krnow kept -by the Undersigned, late of the Indian
Queen in Chambersburg, and he Invites the patronage of
his old friends antilhe public generally. Terms moderate.'
octii-tf • JOHN W. TAYLOR.
And Dealers in all kinds of
mare4lin] East Queen St, Charobersburg, Pa.
BOARDING.—Eight or ten Boarders
can be accommo da ted by applying to GEORGE
OAKS, residing on East Catharine street. aprill9.3t,
_ -- falitgilii-
tualliiiii 'ffiglqitcrt,
The citizens of Mercersburg and vicinity had
appropriate ceremonies on the 19th ult., the day
of the funeral of President Lincoln, and the fol
lowing eloquent and, touching address was deliv
ered on the occasion by Rev. Dr. H. Harbaugh,
Professor (of Theology in Mercersburg ; -
It is *at difficult, on this solemn occasion, for
one to sieak for another, in the way of - leading
or interpreting his thoughtefor him. This is one
of those overwhelming events which make one's'
thoughts standstill ; and when we feel the truth
of the sacred declaration, that the heartknoweth
its own bitterness, and a stranger doth not inter
meddle with it. For days past, throughout the
'land, friend las met friend with, the - feelingthat,
in the presence of so great a sorrow, silence is the'
most eloquent word. Even when one ventured a
word of remark or inquiry, it was with the vain
hope that the one addressed might be able to ex
press and interpret for him his own deep feeling.
When the telegraph first dropped this fearful
news into the thousand cities, Mims and Villages
all over the land, men were shinned and paralyzed
with'amazement. His implements dropped ¶rom
the hands of the laborer; the student cast away
his pen and kooks ; the Merchant closed his store;
the buzzing of factories ceased ; busy streets were
changed into scenes of Sabbatic quiet, and over
all this expressive silence rolled the solemn sound
of tolling bells. The laid mourned its fallen chief,
as it had not mourned from the -first hour of the
Republic till now.
We have sometimes heard of the coming to
gether of a marriage and a burial—where sorrow
tread so closely on the heel of joy that the joyful
bride, on the very day of her happy marriage,
was laid out as a corpse in her wedding robes!
k like manner has, during these last few days,
the nation's joy been suddenly changed into mourn
ing. Scarcely had the bells ceased tolling out
their jubilations in honor of victory, and the pros
pect of 'peace, with the restor&ion Of the
supremacy of law and order throughout the land,
when they began to toll- in sad harmony with a
nation's sorrow. And though days have passed
since this-fearful tragedy was enacted, the na 7
tionaLinind still labors under the subduing burden
of its momentous grief—still stunned-and silent!
What is this allf-pervaAing - and steadily contin
ued feeling, but the mute utterance of the people's
-seuirof the awfulness of the crime which has
been committed: The mind cannot f:;thom the
turpitude of this crime of regicide, or the killing
of the ruler of the land. But the existing unut
terably fisling furnishes proof that God, by the
very constitution of our being, has underlaid our
deepest life withu sense of its enormity; our na
ture thus spontaneously bearing w ittless to what
'has been the sense of all civilized—yea, even bar
barian and semi-barbarian—as well us Christian
ages and nations, that the higlu:st possible crime
is regicide;
• This crime is not mere murder. We need only
grade the higher crimes to enable us to see where
this enormity stands on the scale of criminal de
pravity. The first and lowest grade is common
Murder or homicide, as when one , man' kills an
other. Next above this we may place suicide,
wherein man assumes the disposal of his own life.
Then_fratricille. wherein man destroys the tile of
hie own brother or sister, and thus in a sense be
comes the murderer of his own flesh and blood.
Theminfanticide, where the helplessness of infan
cy ihmentsthe crime. Then patricide, wherein
man takes the life of the father that begat him,
the earthly source of his own life. Because the
mother bears that " softer and tenderer name," name,"-
and her life belongs to the inner circle of conse
crated love, we would place next in the dreadful
scale the crime of matricide. After this only do we
reach that fearful apex of crime—regicide ! So
much as the State% above the family. So high above
the murder of father and mother is the murder of
the Rffler of the land—the head of the nation—
the father, for the time being, of the national
family. This is the dreadful crime which has
startled and stunned the nation, and caused -the
bells throu! .e laud this day to dole out to
respons muffled tones of sorrow.
To u • his crime of regicide, we
must re was not merely the man
Abraha se life the assassin has ta
ken awe. e life of the President of this
Republic w.,! .estroyed. As a man he was
only as one of us, but as God's-ordained organ
for the administration of the gove,niment he was
vastly more: He was "thej'iifinister of God,"
(Rom. Xlll)—the organ of "the powers that be
which are ordained of God." These powers, are
'•bigher imwers"- 7 that is, they are, powers that
come from Acme, not from men. Even though,
as in our 4rn land, the Ruler, as organ of these s
powers, - May be designated by men, his investiture
is from God alone. In his•office the ruling Read
of the nation is God's minister.. He places him
there even though it be through the will and vote
of the people, to be fur tlre nation Hie own organ
and administration of the big* powers. When
the assassin assailed this Head of the nation, and
this right hand- of God's rule on the earth,
he was making direct assault, upon God's own au- -
thority in the highglace of Ills power! On this
throne of earthly power he struck_ down whom
God had set up. He fe'ared not the attempt;
thus to w rest the government of a nation from the
divine hand itself, and by his own daring act first
to arrest, then annul, and finally to change the
ruling Head of Ihe nation in the face of God's in
vestiture, and the will of millions of num ! • .
Moreover the aet of the regicide is, as far as it
goes; a stroke for A. deadly thrust at
the head paralyzes or the time the wholtibOy
of the nation, and abrogates government, Eo that
if the whole nation were m a state adapted lor.the
result, universal anarchy would ensue. It4s - only
the virtue and loyalty of the nation that prevents
the legitimate effeks of the assassin's will and in
.tention. Thanks to God for that true, vigorous,
adjusting virtue of the nation which enables it to
rise from so fi•arful ailitick, and to move with
such prompt firmness, harmony and power in the
path of its great and solemn tnission!, But this
does not abate the turpitude of the awful crime;
on the other hand it sets its enormity only into
stronger relict, as 'showing the high character of
the government he sought to annul, and the gen.
erous loyalty of the millions against whose vigor
-01113 patriotism the orime has been perpetrated:
Such being the character of the crime which
has caused our present grief, and such the horror
with which this crime of regicide shows itself tp
be regarded by the whole nation, in harmony
with the deepest sense of all civilized, and espe.
chilly christianized, nations and ages, the sorrow
inginillions may well this day lift their hands to
heaven, and ask, How, is such an- awful crime.
possible? Where is an adequate begetting find
sustaining element nedlitsis for such a crime to
be found? Certainly it has been in no other way
possible for it to appear except as the nurseling
and legitimate ripe fruit of that tspirit of enor
mous treason, which has, during" the last four
dreadful and bloody years, labored iv consummate
substantially the same-crime by aiming its deadly
da'ggerat the very heart of the Republic itself.
Whether formally, and by organized conspiracy
or not, still essentially and really treason and re
bellion is the legitimate mother of regicide. The
assaSsin of tjmPresident and head of the nation,
whether thereunto appointed or not, is the organ
of that treason which embodiment in the
great Rebellion. It was the concentrated life of
that great treason which nerved his arm and gui
ded the fearful • weapon of death. The truth of_
this fact beats to-day with powerful, harmonious,
self-attesting assurance in tlie patriotic and loyal
instincts of, millions of sad and sorrowing hearts.
How better can we improve this sad occasion
than to possess our souls more fully with a deeper
sense of the enormous crime of treason ; a crime
which, according to the wisdom of all christian
nations, can only be adequately atoned for by the
penalty of death. We speak our own deep eon
victions, and we hope the convictions of all pres
ent, when we say that no sign of the times por
tentls-greatedanger to the nation at present thari
that morbid and unchristian spirit which is in
some quarters beginning its endeavors to avert
the penalty due to treason. We dread this spirit
more than all else that is before us as a nation.
Such men as Beecher and Greeley, who are en
deavoring to lead Off in this miserable effort to
degrade and ignore the eternal sanctions of divine
and human law, and - to convert honest but unre
fleeting people to their , -crugade against the true
idea and end of law and justice; are now emphat
ically the enemies of the Republic. This mawkish
sentimentalltyis called'quagnanimity." What a
misnomer! Its true name is iufidelitylo the ma
jesty of • law. It offers a premium for treason ;
and, if successful, will be the greatest unfaithful
ness and cruelty to posterity of which the rulers
of ofir eventful age can lie guilty. ,It will be in.
truth the laying up of wrath, anarchy and rebel
lion for our children. It will be a comforting
precedent for treason in all coming ages of the
Republic. It will show that treason and rebellion_
deserve and shall receive nothing but magnanim
ity, in a degraded sense of that word. It will
ever show that treason, so enormous in its sweep
as to people-4r hundred battle field grave-yards with
the bodies of brave and loyal men, hasearned for it
self only the right of what is - falsely called magna
nunous treatment. -In pestiferous sentiments like
these, be assured, lies deadly poison, which if al
lowed to work its way into the heart Afar rulers
and our people, will sooner'or later take the na
tion's life as effectually as the Rebellion itself, had
it succeeded, would have done, and as R has ac
tually intended to do by. bayonets, cannon, and
starvation of thousands of loyal and brave men,
and which it has now again attempted to do as
by desperation, in the person of the assassin of
the President.
Such sentiments never come from earnest this,
tian scholars or statesmen; they are born in the
hot-bed of socialism, naturalism and humanism.
They are not deep convictions, but merely shal
low, irre,ponsible sensation utterances. They are
fiainded on no venerable wisdom; they rest in no
true christiau princiPles—they are underlaid by
.no correct sense of the nature and necessary forie:
and majesty of law. Men who utter them may
beible effectually to harangue an unreflecting
but when they attempt, to lay experimen
tal hinds to the guidance of, the high and solemn
inteliests of - States, every earnest and thinking
exclaim: Procul, 0! procul cste profs
ni!—ht‘nce, far hence ye profane.
To a..k that the majesty of law be allowed to
have its free course against crime Is no spirit of
revenge. is no want of magnanimity—betrays no
absence of mercy and charity. It so God him:•
self would fall under blame ! Justice and judg
meat are the habitation of His throne. Human
governments are a parable and reflection of His
own.. Llaw is a reflection of His will.
Hum _ justice is after the
. pattern of His justice.
To abrogate the sanctions and penalties of His
law, is to annul cue of His own attributes. In
the suffering of the penalty of human guilt in the
person'of His own Son, he has demonstrated to
the worldthat His mercy does not abrogate His
justice. Vain is therattempt of man to propose a
sickly sentimentalism as a substitute that shall
outdo and set aside God's iminutablp law against
crime. Man may be tender, but la*. and justice
are inflexible. We have heard of judges who pro
nounced the sentence of . ..death on murderers with
ttars—but pronounced it in firm faithfulness nev
ertheless. The judge who thus discharges his
soleirni , dutY to the law and society is twice great
in the act: great because he shows that he has
all the feelings of the man, and great again be
cause he has all the firmness of thejudge.. Above
all his merely humane feelings rises the solemn
conviction that the execution of the law is abso
lutely necessary for the safety of society. He
feels for the criminal, but he does not suffer his
feelings to carry hint into a Current of washy sen
timentalism. He pities the .criminal, but he pit
ies society more. It is said that Washington
signed the death-warrant of Andre, the spy, with
tears! This is proof that lie would have spared
even him had not a higher obligation to honor
the law rested on him. Let our rulers study this
example, that the majesty of taw be not changed
into a mere niaWkisli feeling.
Mliy not, hi this view, this sad calamity be ov
erruled in !nervy by an all-wise though myste
rious Providepce, for the future health and safety
of the Republic? Whilst we hope that all mani
festations of revenge may be checked, we hope
at the_same time that the minds of our people
and rulers may be more deeply awakened to a
sense of the absolute necessity of vindicating the
law against treason. Vain is that policy which
seeks to be
,iliser than God and norm hmnatai
'than lIe! Should it appear that " the minister
of God" dues " hear ,the Sword in vain," we
tremble lire the Mime of the nation. All the
moral efli•et of all, thelimerifices of the war will
in that case be.vrrtuallyj lost. Was this dreadful
tragedy—well may we ask—thiasaerifice oT the
nation's beloved Chief and head yet necessary to
counterket this vain and sickly sentimentality ?
Should it send to effect this high and solemn end,
the hacrifice„dreadful as it is, %.‘ ill not have been in
May God, in His infinite mercy, preserve in
the heart of the nation a proper sense of the maj
esty of law, awaken among us right views of the
awful crime of • treason—which is the cause and
essence of regicide—and deliver us from morbid
sympathy for that e which strikes at the root
of all divine and a go rnment, and which
the solemn sanction of sl, and the ripest wis
dom of all the past, have adjudged to be worthy
of death.
I attempt no eulogy of our departed President.
Ills earnestness, moderation, kind-heartedness,
prOverbial honesty and unswerving loyalty and
patriotism are all well known. Only whim gen
erations shall have passed away, and all the seeds
of the mighty present of the nation shall come to.
their full fruits in the future, will his name and
his fame 'stand Out in full relief on .the historic
page. What it it should appear, to those who
shall study the events of hie administration in the
light of the future, that he was the leader of a
high and holy patriotic purpose, which has deliv
ered the Republic front a bondage as heavy and
galling as that froni Which we were delivered by
Washington at the first? What if our children
should experience the fact that the names of
George Washington and Abraham Lincoln may
be sounded together with perfect accord ?
Delivered in the House of Representatireson Thurs
day evening, March 16, 1865, on the bill Pro
viding for the Adjudication of Border Military
MIL SPEAKER:—The evening is far spent, and
the House must be more than weary of
bate. lam moat anxious that a vote shall be
reached to-night, and for that reason until now
refrained froni participation iu the discussion.
The mearpre has now been very fully considered.
More than four hours of debate, mainly from the
foes of the bill, has presented every possible ,ob
jection that ambition, timidity and personal dis
appointment could hurl against it; and I rise brief
ly to answer the main objections urged, in justice
to the people I have the _honor to represent.
It -has been a favorite argument, or rather pre
text for opposition, with those who desire the de
feat of the pending bill, to characterize it as a
swindle; as a deliberate attempt to deceive, de
fraud, and mislead the members of this Rouge;
and it has been boldly urged that it was a spite
madc attempt to ruin the credit of the Common
wealth. It has been assaulted by every avenue
that mingled ingenuity and malice could invent.
In answer to all this, sir, I appeal to the bill it
self. Hero it is. Read it; scan every section,
every line. Its language is plain; its sentences
free from all ambiguity. It means precisely what
it says-.that the despoiled? people of the border
shall have sonic tangible evidence preserved of_
the losses they have sustained by the tread of ar
mies in this war. so that the government may,lin
the fulness of time, requite them for their sacrifi
ces. We hare not sought- to mislead any one.
We bare not asked that these claims be adjudi
cated merely as n garland to weave in the chaplet
of our_National sacrifices. It would be well, I
confess, to do it for that reason alone if there
were no better arguments in favor of it; but we
ask adjudication so that there may be ultimak
restitution without wrong to either government
or citizen. •
Let me not be misunderstood. I stated in a
former speech on this question, and I repeat it
now, that restitution to these sufferers is a duty
the government cannot, dare not disregard. Ev
ery reason urged against it to-night is but an argu
ment for it. If the claims are so large that they
would oppress the people of the State to pay them,
it proves that the losses of the few on.the border
are so crushing that every dictate of justice de
mands relief. If too much' for the State, with
over three millions of people, and untold milliOns
of Wealth, how must it fall upon a few thousand.
whoire your brethren, the brethren of your con
stitnents, and have joined with you and yours to
sustain our boasted Commonwealth fur mutual
protection to person, to faith, to property If
the]many cannot share this burden, how are the
few to.bear it I
.The gentleman from Philadelphia, (Mr. End
diman) who has just closed, cautioned his fellow
members that the passage of this bill would lead
convulsions throughout the State ; that it would_
lead to disasters which even he seemed unequal
to"the painful task of depicting; that men must
pause upon the threshhold of its passage, and learn
from him the direful consequences which must
follow. I beg mp ardent friend from Philadel
phia to quiet his sad apprehensions. Let him
not commit the too common error of supposing
that because he has poured out the touching
'strains of the Sophomore, and convulsed himself
'with his own eloquence, the great Comtuonw ealth
will be rocked in painful, agonizing fears for her
fame and credit. Ijis chaste and exquisite rhet
oric and impassioned, poetical sentences, do cred
it to his head; but because one heart has been
moved thereby to inconsolable grief at the possi
bility of the success of the bill, he must not as
sume that the State will tremble frOm centre to
circumference. This name bill has passed two
legislaiires of this State; has twick been approved
the Executive; has been carried into-practical
operation for two years,—all before the gentle
matt from Philadelphia was part of the law-ma
king power of the State. There was scarcely a
division of sentiment on the subject in either
branch. It met the approbation of all, and there
was no constituency that censured its representa
tives therefor. There was no convulsion of the
Commonwealth. The sun still rose and shone
with its accustomed splendor, and gilded the
western skies as it faded into night. The stars
still twinkled merrily and pierced the curtains of
darkness. .The birds sang just as sweetly ; the
flowers bloomed as beautifully. and spread broad
cast their rich fragrance as before. The seasons
went and came ; green spring -time, requiting har
vest, golden autumn and bleak winter, all brought
their blessings and their sorrows as in other dap.
The spheres stood firmly in their appointed work,
unconscious that the time for convulsion was at
hand. The body politic moved on in fulfillment
of its beneficent mission to a free people, and is
as yet a stranger to the grief the burning words
of the gentleman have portrayed for its portion.
There was no convulsion in nature or in govern
ment. Even the gentleman-himself forgot to be
come convulsed; or if he did, history has not re
corded it. His play, therefore, comes when its
plot has already miscarried. It is Hamlet with
Hamlet omitted. It is a palpable abortion as
tragedy, and too stupidly grave flur.farce. It is
simply a painful lesson that others have lived and
and legislated before the gentleman from Phila•
delphia, and ho has forgotten it.
Previous legislatures not only cordially and
with remarkable unanimity sanctioned this meas
ure; but the legislature of this State has, almost
without division of opinion, declared that these
claim should be paid. In 1862, both branches
passed a bill not only providing for adjudicating
theseclaims,*but also providing for -their pay
ment out of the treasury of the Commonwealth.
Upon inquiry however it was found that the
ordinary resources of the treasury would not
meet these demands, and the bill made 710 pro
vision for raising additional revenue. It was
therefore re-called. At that time the credit of
the State was in peril. We had just accepted
war as an inexorable necessity. We were strip
gem to its arts and sacrifices, and were appalled
at the fraternal struggle with which we were
overwhelmed by causeless, cruel treason. Three
millions of a loan had been put on the market
and I know how the authorities vibrated between
hope and fear, and by, common consent these
Claims were postponed—not rejected—until a
better day should ,dawn. All admitted that our
mins were first due to the common cause of our
threatened Nationality, and the bill was modified
to provide for adjudication, just as the bill be
fore the House now, and it passed without objec
tion. There was then no prophetic voice ta t tell
of terrible convulsions as the legitimate fruits of
such legislation, and what may seem stranger
still to the gentleman from Philadelphia, there
was no section or party that perm ti t fto
he convulsed thereby.
The faith of this Commonwealth was pledged'
to every citizen that its honor, its dignity and its
protecting power should be faithfully maintained,
and all sections of the State confessed its justice
and shared in its vindication. At that time the
measure was not mainly for those whom I now
in part represent. The - invader had not Bulb pOl
- our soil. It was for the benefit of Phila
delphia, of Chester, of Dauphin, of Allegheny, and
of Erie, that the first hill was passed ; and had no
foe reached our border to spread desolation in a
few counties, the counties I have named would
have ardent advocates of the principle of this bill
iu their representatives now on the floor. Had
any member then rose and advanced the argu
ments in opposition to the bill which have been
given to-night, they would not have been listened
to with common respect. But men have since
learned to counsel with their fears. The cor
rupt have marked- this measure as their prey
They have grappled with it relentlessly because
it gives no promise of plunder, and the petty waves
of ambition have dashed against it with ceaseless
fury. The great vital principle on which it rests
seems to have been forgotten or rejected.
Why, sir, are we at war to-day with the com
mon enemy of this government 1 Is it simply be
cause the North and the Sduth differ in sonic ab
stractions 1_ Hive we slai thousands of those
who were once our broth n and dotted our fair
fields with untimely ayes, for such a cause I
By no means. We are at war for a `higher and
holier purpose. IWe have given of our bliied and
treasure unsparingly to preserve our government.
Its blessings we regard as priceless. Not merely
its glory and its honor; but its protectingpower,
endear it to all. It must be maintained in all its
integral parts, or it is worthless. It must exer
cise all its prerogatives—niust vindicate its might
and supremacy, and give its just compensation lbr
the tribute and fealty it exacts. It cannot de
mand remorselessly and withhold its protecting
arm. It must have the power tiNeld, the will
to be just, and treat a wrong toits humblest sup
porter as a wrong to the Stattfr This is the. rule
of justice, and it would be a laltfitering stain upon
the now unblotted escutcheon of our Common
wealth, dint turn a deaf ear to those upon whom
the devastation of war has fallen for the protec
tion of all.
:_Thi;geutleman from Philadelphia is . cinite too
sweeping in his denunciation of the pnneiple of
this bill. He denounces itas "a shame," as "mon
strous," and yet if he were to turn from the leg
islature of the State and announce to the people of
his district that the duty of protection and resti
tution do not forin the basis of our syitem of
government, his constituents would bid him learn
his own laws and learn to respect and obeythem
If in his own city his home should be destroyed by
a revolt, he would be prompt to demand restitu
tion to the uttermost farthing, and it would be
promptly given.. It is the accepted law, not only
of Philadelphia, hut of every municipality of the
Commonwealth. At his home he rests in peace
and safety. Ho yields tribute as his government
demands for the common good, and receives in
return the guarantee of protection or compen
sation in case of failure to protect. New York
city is now paying two millions of dollars to those,
her government failed to-protect from the rioters
of 1863. She failed' in her compact with her
people, and the duty of restitution is confessed
by all. She is paying more than one-hull of all
. the losses.of the border in 6bedience to, the settled
law, based on eternal justice, thaLpfoteetion - is'
one of the first duties of government. Let the
gentleman frcim Philadelphia return to his own
city and tell his people. that they have erred until
now—that government, inunicipal,Sthte and gen
eral, should merely exact and not remunerate
when remiss in proti.ction, and there are few who
would accept his new teachings and applaud his
wisdom. Let hid stand on the hustings and pro
claim there the same doctrine he proclaims here,
and his people will look for truer and jester if
not wiser men to enact their laws.
Such is the settled law of every city and town
in the land, and wherein does the municipal gov
ernment of a State differ? We have already au
thorized sir millions of dollars to be expended to
defend Pennsylvania. Not a - voice was raised
against it in these halls. Not a murmur comes
up from the people in any part of the State. The
duty to defend is confessed—it has been ques
tMned, and will not be until e' new Daniel
shall come to judgment on the issue like the gen
tleman from Philadelphia. 0 common treasure
is given with a lavi. land defend the, homes
and property o -bo ; but defence ever
came when danger was . at hand. Confessing
the duty to defend, and failing therein, %%hat must
follow by emery rule of logic and principle of
justice? Restitution is inevitable The only
question should be as to the ability of the govern
ment. If it is able to redeem its faith, it can have
no alternative without positive dishonor hnd per
fidy to its people.
The gentleman from Philadelphia tells us of
his 'valor in riwhing to the detiume of the border
tb protect us. Ile tells us he was there in per
son; shared the perils of the camp and - enjoyed
the II nits of the field. I remember well, sir, when
he was there.' rhe militia came in 1662 and
their bloodless track remains. We have it in the
mournful trace of desolation. We have monu
ments of their presence, but nut of their dead.
But silent as history may be us to their sangui
nary fields, the records of this war. will preserve
to posterity the evidence of their' organization
and service. Their payrolls will perpetuate their
achievements. • (Laughter). They were not un
mindful that the State should exact no unjust sac
rifice front any portion of ler people. . With one
accord they deinanded their pay. If the gentle
manfrom Philadedvida ri:as enrolled, he too
doubtless was mindful that " the laborer iswor
thy of bib hire."
MR. RUDDIMAN—I gave no such intimation.
I was not there in a military capacity. I was
there hi °Tees of kindness and humanity. I deny
both the remark and the implication of the gen
tleman from Franklin `. _ -
MR. Arettne—Will the gentlemen fromyhil
tadelphia inform me what offices of humanity were
to perform there I—whmice came the wounded
and suffering of, that army ?. What fields were
crimsoned with its blood?
MR. Rtmont,NlAN—ln the hasty call to the de
fence of the gentleman's homestead, numbers
rushed from my own city to take up arms,*
be the guardians of the homes which the citizens
were neither sufficient nor willing to be the pro
tectors. Among them were friends ,of my own
who left behind them everything—their business
interests and all that belonged to them. These
men who went away thus unprovided for were
subjects of solicitude to Others and to myself. To
attend upon them—to supply their wants—to tire
them what they had gone without the fundament
'of—l left my home and my business in order that
they might not sutler while they were doing good
service for the gentleman from Franklin and his
constituents.' _
' MR. MCLURE-1, remember the occasion' ell,
and I would not dettact from the mission of' hu
manity the gentlemsh was there to perform. He
was not alone in his',enterprise. Few of his con
stituento in the rank* were without their like min
isters. They had more need for the gentleman
from Philadelphia as Poet Laureate than as sur
geon or nurse. In common, with others I wel
comed them as a necessity'all that I had was at
their disposal to add to their comfort. They
were, as a rule, of the best men of the State, but
the had no thought of striking the foe, " They
were wanting in organization, in officers, in equip
ments, in their commissary and quartermaster's
departments, and studied gedgraphy about the
State line With more earnestness thamthe evolu
tions of battalions. They were unprepared for
war—could be nothing else because of the haste
with which they were thrown together. They
had sense enough to know it and they determined
to avoid it. Imperfectly provided for, they sub
sisted largely upon the inhabitants. They claim
ed freely and as a rule received generously. Un
disciplined, and Commanded Mainly by politicians
and political candidates, they would have been
powerless before a disciplined foe. They them
fore came and went, subsisted and foraged, and
the last condition of our people was worse than
the first. (Laughter.) I state a fact known to
all who were charged with any responsibility in
that memorable campaign,. that whatever may
have been the feelings of pride and relief atiheir
march - to the border, thby were vastly enhanct , d
when the militia were got safely from the border
to their bonnet; again.
But while some marched and others refused to.
march vt , hen ordered to approach the enemy,
there was unanimity 4on one point throughout
that vast army. All agreed that they must be
paid. Then was the State convulsed from end
to end. The militia had earned thirteen dollars
per man ; an election was at hand, and the Stale,
and National Government were; required to ob
serve faith with the militia even if there should
be a pause in the war-for the preservation of, the
mt.' , I was then' in an official position
. with the military department of this
ind politicians crowded the departmentg
coded that all things should be set aside
le troops who had marched to the bordei,
is dune. Delegation utter delegation w
NI to Washington, and there was no t
might until tbemien to whom the gentle-
Philadelphia ministered humanity were
• wages. True the border people told
time; bad, as a rule given more service,
by the total suspension of business and
gee of ten thousand raw and unprovided
troops; but they were unthought of then, as they
seem to be forgotten now. The constituents of
the gentleman train Philadelphia were called to the
border, at the expense of the government , to Wire
our. dangers for but a fortnight. They did all that
could have been expected, of them. and were en
titled to compensation, but I submit that it becomes
not men to boast of their own services, or theservi
ces of their constituents, as an argument against
restitution to the plundered people of the border.
We of the border, and not the enemy, were the
sufferers—were necessarily so. We helped to
pay them, and complain not of it. It was due to
them. They were sent in ouedienee to the duty
of the government to defend; .and their wages.
their subsistence and theirdainages sustained and
inflicted, with equal justice should be paid. Again
in led 3 the foe invaded our- State, and the mili
tia were called omit. They again
.visitedthe bor
der, and again made their chief record in their pay
rolls. They were again_ with us to share for a
VOL. 72,. WHOLE NO. 31704,
few weeks the common perils of the border. So•
much was due to the brethem of a Commonwealth.
In addition to the personal dangers shared
with ns-by the militia, we periled everything be
sides. Again the question of remuneration ab
sorbedthe dignitaries and prominent men of the
State. Delay could not be tolerated, and the
Executive had to pledge the - faith of the State
without law to compensate them. Ido not com
plain of it. They had just claim against the
State for it, but was their exposure or sacrifice
even 11 tithe of that sustained by the border peo
ple ? If one was so clearly just as to override
the law, what is the measure of justice. in the
claims of those who have been bankrupted and
rendered homeless by the ravages of friend and
foe? I recognize in this Hall some of the heroes
whose offices of humanity - made them ceaseles
in their efforts to pay the militia, law or no law,
and Pregret to say that some of them seem now
to have no higher ambitiop than to defame the
patient, faithful, despoiled people I have the honor
in part to represent.
Ido not wish to, be, misunderstood. I do not
mean to assail the patriotism or valor of our mi
litia. Any other ten -thousand men from this or
any, other State would have done just as they did.
Their history''s but the history of undisciplined
troops everywhere, and their devastation, how
ever causeless and wide-spread, is the common
penalty of such defenders. I have refered to
them in answer to the gentleman from Philadel
phia to show that What he boasts of as an evi
dence of the fraternal kindness of the people to
the border, was but the work of death to us.
Two-thirds of the losses sustained in Franklin
county, excepting the burning of Chambersburg,
were- inflicted by our own troops. The insur
gents were in an enemy's country with veteran
troops when they were with us, and discipline
and order were essential to their safety, while our
own men were among there friends. I would
not defame them;, but I cannot be silent when
their heroism - is boastingly contrasted with my
constituents, and their brief and bloodless servi
ces made a pretext for , withholding justice from
the people they despoiled.
The gentleman from Warren (Mr. Brown) and
the gentleman from Philadelphia (Mr. Ruddirean)
join in demanding that if losses of property on
the border shall be compensated, those who have
given their sons and husbands as sacrifices to save
our Nationality in other sections should be repaid
as far as it is in the power of government to make
restitution. Sir, the people whose cause I de
fend to-night have been second to 'none in their
sad sacrifices of sons, and husbands, and fathers
to destroy the murderous .power of treason.—
There, is not an untimely grave in the districts of
the gentlemen that has not its counterpart in the
beautiful valley of the Cumberland. We too have
mothers stricken by the angel of death, whose eons
..have fallen as martyrs for our liberties. We bso
have widows mourning with their fatherless chil
dren the sad exactions that civil war has made.
We have vacant chairs and broken circles thick
as the City of Brotherly Love or the sons of the
North. We have broken hearts to solace; the
keenest sorrows to heal; bereavement with its ter
rible pall shadowing almost every home. In-this
our sacrifices are but the common sacrifices of
loyal men in all sections, and we complain not.
For this there can be uo restitution. It is not in
in the power of mortals to restore the martyred
dead ; but hundreds of those who are hue be
reared to-day turn from their blackened walls
and withered waste to the graves of their holy of
ferings for the life of the Republic. They are
homeless, made so-by the barbarous foe whore
brutal fury they brayed for your protection, but
they hove still sacred shrines around which their
shadowed affections gather. Without habitations
among the living, they have holy altars with the
dead, and these alone remain to mingle the sad
consolation of patriotism and love-with their con
suming sorrovr. We boast not of these sacrifices
• —we complain not of them. We have givon of
all we possessed with unsparing heads lo our
common cause—our goods ; our golden harvests ;
our substance; and our Bons and fathers have not
beau withheld.
Sir, I am not insensible as to the probable fate of
the bill in this House. I cannot be mistaken in
the manifestations of sentituent already made.
It does not meet with the favor of a majority of
my associates, and the vote soon to be takerfwill
consign it to deii,th. lam prepared for the fore
shadowed result. I have spared no efforts, have
been instant in season and Out of season to dissi
pate the groundless prejudices and calm the
strange fears which have confronted it from the
beginning. _When the vote about to be taken
shall have I;een recorded, the subjeA will not
again agitate this House—will not ag"dh convulse
the timid and arouse the malice of those who seem
to hate the people who have suffered all things to
preserve our government. I-shall return to my
disappointed constitu ents and present the record
that has been made by this House, and theywill
not question the fidelity and earnestness with
which their representatives have labored in be
half of the right. How deeply they will feel hu
miliated by the defeat of this bill, after every pos
sible misinterpretation of their motives and wan
ton defamation bad been employedagainst them,
I need net here attemptto portray. I know how
keenly it will strike those, already thrice smitten
ty the foe. They cannot but believe that their
State is unmindful of them; that while it sends
the tax-gatherer and demands its full measure of
tribute, it forgets its solemn obligations to them.
They have been taught that their flag is the syin
bol of power, of protection from lawlessnesi with
in and foes without, and they will belieie so still.
They will not falter in theirduty because the pop
ular branch of the legislative has been faithless to
them and to the fame of their. ,Commonwealth. _
They will bow to the lecree of this House to
night, well assured that more liberal and morej ust
men' will yet control its actions. They will riot
complain of their government, nor will they des
pair of its fulfillment of its highest preogatives.
They will, as best they can, rear their homes
again, plant anew their trodden fields, and make
beautiful again their withered flovvers. They ran
if need be, afford to be forgotten, even to be
spurned with wantoh insult by this House. They
can survive it; but the Commonwealth cannot.
Theirs would be but the history of the wrongs of
individuals ; but the blot upon the escutcheon-of
the State would be ineffaceable. It wonldimpair
its power; teach distrust to its people, and spread
dishonor over its name and fame. NoState, with
our exhaustless wealth, our heroic people, our just
pride and untarnished justice, can thus afford to
disregard its accepted duties to any class of its
citizens. He who can declare himself a citizen
of Pennsylvania, should feel undoubted confidence
that his boast is not an empty fraud. Rome
struggled for more than a century as to whether
-partriman or plebian should rule; but it was the
highest pride of each to declare himself a Roman
citizen. It was nip signal for respect, for justice,
for protection within the boundaries of civiliza
tion. And so it should be ; it must be here. It
may not be so ilpw; but it will be the policy of
Pennsylvania, and when it becomes accepted and
established the trembling apprehensions and petty
hatreds of to-night will be disowned by their au
thorn, '
Sir, I have been pained, deeply pained, at the
recklessness with which disloyalitY has been
charged upon my immediate - constituents. There
may be among those I represent, some who hate
•their country and its cause, and it is possible that
a few May have done themselves the dishonor to
exact exorbitantly from those who came to de
fend the State. If there are such they dare not
avow, it. The could not live in my county and
declare by word or deed, their • sympathy , with
the.enernies of the Government. For three con
secutive years the enemy hits invaded our territo
ry, and the authorities were untiring in their ef
forts to ascertain who, if any, gave aid and coun
sel to our foes.- To but one was -this terrible
crime traced—a citizen of York, and he lives to.
day by the clemency of the President, who took
from, his head the decree of death. Earnestly as
the people of Franklin'have differed in their po
litical faith, and firmly as a portion of them dis
pute the policy of the war, I affirm it with con
fidence that, as a people, all stood shoulder to
shoulder and man to man to bring discomfiture
-Upon the enemy when be polluted our soil. They
have been faithful in the past, and they will be
'faithful still., There is no duty an endangered
government can impose upon them that they
will not perform—no sacrifice can be demanded
that they will not cheerfully yield. They know
the value of government, and they will preserve
it. If new graves, new bereavements are neces
sary to our national life, they will be given.—
They will give their remaining bottles and green
fields to the destroyer' if need be to preserve to
you and to them and to posterity the measure
less blessings of free government. They will not
reproach you because' they have to , bear the sur
ges of the ruthless vandal while you can dwell
in peace and plenty m your homes. 'They will
not mariner that theirseed-titre and harvest come
and go with nought but desolation; while yours
sequiteßie busbaudruan and lititiOlentytoyoui
People. Air the icy clings to their Mouldering.
Piles amidst the, appalling devastation 'in.!' has
wrought and as the green moss lives in perpetual
freshness on the dully marble that marks the
resting_ places of their martyred dead, so will they
follow with unfaltering devottim the cause of the
Republic of our fathers. No, studied wrong here
—no perfidy elsewhere, can make them aught
else than faithful, though the. mournful track of
war should come to every hearth-stone.' They
will do so because it iatbeir duty, and they.sbrink
not from it However this Rouse Iraq Imifest
indifference to their sufferings and to the'dignity
and fame of the. Commonwealth, they will accept
the wrongs inflicted unop them by war as wrongs
to this State, and so wigin due time, outlegisla
tion declare.
In sincerest sorrow I am compelled to . advert
to the singular position assumed on this question.
by those who claim to be the peculiar supporters
of government and law—my own politicalassoci
rites. With few exceptions they have resisted
this bill with an earnestness and energy that illy
becomes the advocates of the supremacy of goy-.
ernment in all its might and prerogatives. I fear,
sir, that they have done us wanton wrong—that
they have doomed us to cruel embarrassments or
it may be hopeless discomfiture, where our strug
gles have been fiercest - for success. 'They should
bear in mind that_ the mutations of politics deny .
perpetual power to any organization. In two
consecutive years .I. served in this House in a mi
nority of one-third and in a majority of two-thirds;
and I fear that the action of this House to-night will
but hasten the diowhen the men who shall stand
where I address you, wilt speak for the minority:
MEL BROWN—I will ask the gentleman from
Franklin if he means to say that he will be on the
Democratic side of the House?
Ma. M'Ctuaa—Sir, the member from Frank,
lin is one of those who has borne the burden and
heat of the day to give success to the Union party,
He has been— ._._
MR. BRows—Will the gentleman answer my
question, whether he. ill vote with the other side
of this House if this bill does not pass?
MR. M'CLURE.—There must be few to whgurt
any answer to the question is necessary. I have
been constant in season and out of season to de
fend the doctrines and policy of the party with
which the gentleman from Warren (Mr. Brown)
and myself act. Sir, lam incapable, as he must
know, and as I have ever shown on this floor, of
being influenced in roy'political opinions or actions
by any derision this House may give on this or
any other question. I cannot be changed in my
purposes, or efforts, no matter what may be the
fide of this bilL No man has shown on this floor
amore earnest devotion to the doctrines of the
Union party and to the interests of the govern
ment, than the humble member who now addres
ses you. I have spoken of that which I fear the
future must produce by the illiberal and unwise
action of the House on this question.
Ma. Baoww—l will put the direct question=
whether if this bill is not passed he will glover
to the Democratic party ?
MR. M'CLurtE—l can give the gentleman from -
Warren (air. Brown) facts, but cannot give him
comprehension. (Laughter.) I have answered
distinctly that no action of this legislature on this
or any other question can make me change my
political associations or convictions in any degree.
Ma Buoww—That is all right.
Mn.: M'CLurtE.—No man knew better than the
gentleman from Warren (Mr- Brown) that it was
all right before.
I would remind members of the House, as a
fact with which we must deal, that it has become
the accepted policy of the minority of this House
to mainta. the faith of the Commonwealth un
sullied on his question. It matters not why, or
for what reason. Men may impugn their pur
poses and declare it but an effort for power ; but
they have been consistent from the first, and their
record is unbroken in behalf of the honor of the
State. They have shown it on every test on this
question. "fhey .have not counseled with their
tears. They voted for it last year, and they found
no convulsion, no complaint nt home. leak men
who seek the supremacy of right in politics not
to turn blindly away, from these facts. This ,ittes
lion will be carried to every household in the land.
In spite of the selfishness that the mousing poli
tician would arouse, the people of Pennsylvania
love justice. Their appreciation of it is mightier
tluifi-the sophistries that ingenuity or malice can
weaft around this issue. And when the revulsion
- comes. can the rejected and long-suffering greet
the day with else than joy because justice and the
honor of the State.have triumphed I Look well
to the lease of political power. It is at best but
transitory. The wisest councils and most saga
• cious leaders have even failed to make it perpe
tual, and let the Union party not surrender' its
supremacy because it was forgetful of justice.
Sir, I must close. My earnestness in behalf of
a people Who, ever faithful in evil and. good re
port, have been taught that it is theirs to wait and
.suffer, may excuse the length and ardor with
which I have spoken. I have now in my feeble
way fulfilled my trust, and the issue is with you.
If your record shall not be in vindication of our
common brotherhood as citizens of a great Com
monwealth, I shall wait hopefully, confidently for
the better day when the despoiled people of the
border will learn that our boasted government
recognizes all its obligations, and reaches out its
strong arm to prevent unequal burdens from fall
ing upon any portion of its citizens. They with
me will hope and wait, and the day will come
hen equal and exact justice to all will be indeli-
Ay inscribed in our history by ample restitution
Ito those upon whom has fallen the brullil fury
Mr. F. B. Carpenter, the - well-known painter,
has written a note in reference to a poem much
admired by Mr. Lincoln. He says: "I have
been urged by iseveral friends to send you the en
(doted poem, written down by myself, from Mr.
Lidcoln's lips, and although it may not be new to
all of your readers, the events of the last week
give it now a peculiar interest. The circumstan
-ces under,which this copy was written down are
these: I was with the President alone one eve
ning in his room, during the time I" was painting
my large pictures at the White House, last year.
He presently threw aside his pen and papera ' and
began to talk to me of Siakspeart. He sent lit
tle "Thad," his son, to the library to bring a copy
of the plays, and then read to IDO several of his
favorite passages, showing genuine appreciation
of the great poet Relapsing into a sadder strain,
he laid the book aside, and leaning back in his
chair, said: There is a poem which has Wen a
great favorite with me fur years, which was first
shown to me when a young man by a friend, and
which I afterwards saw and'eut trim a newspa
per, and learned by heart. I would,' be -contin
ued, 'give a gfeat deal to know who wrote it, but
I have never been able to ascertain.", Then, half
closing his eyes, he repeated to me the lines which
I enclose to you."
Oh, why should - the spirit of mortal be proud?
Like a swift, fleeting meteor, a fast-flying eland,
A flash of the lightnh3g,,a break of the wave, -
Ile pastels from life to his rest in the grave.
The leaves of the oak and the willow shall fade,
Be scattered around and together be laid;
And the young and the old, and the low and the high,
Shall moulder to dust, and together shall lie.
The infant and mother, attended and loved;
The mother that Infant's affection who Proved :
The husband Rust mother and infant who blessed,
Reach, all, are away to their dwellings of Red.
The band of the king that the sceptre bath borne ;
The brow of the priest that the mitre hath worn ;
The eye ht the sage and the heart of the brave,
Are hidden and lest la the depths of the grave.
The peasant, whose lot was to sow awl to reap ;
The herdsman, who climbed with his goats up the steep
The beggar, who wandered in search of his bread,
Rave fadid away like &e grass that we tread.
So the multitude goes, like the flower or the weed
That withers away to let others succeed; -
So the multitude Come* even thou, we behtdd,
To repeat every tale hat than often been told.
Ear we are the same our fathers have been;
We see't,he same eights our fathers have seen;
We drink the'same stream and view the samesun,
And run 920,,same course our tatheis have run.
The thoughts we are thinking our fathers would think;
From the death we are shrinking our fathers would ihrink
To the life we are clinging they-also would ellng;
But it speeds for us till, like a bird on tlie wing.
They loved, but the story we cannot tarfold;
174. y scorned, but the heart of the haughty is 47;01di, -
They gr i ev ed, butte wail from their slumber cone;
They joyed, but the tongue of their ea &minis dumb.
They died,nye they died: we things that are now,
Tht - Tfwalk on the turf that lies over their brow,
And mike in their dwellings a transient abode,
Meet the_ things that, they met on their pilgrimage road.
Feat hope and despondency*, pleasure and pain,
We mingle together in sunshine and rain;
And the smile and the tear, the Bong and the dirge,
follotietich other, like surge upon surge.
Tie thrf , wink of an eye, , tie the draught. of a breath,
:risme the blosaom of health to thepidele/T of death,
From the gilded saloon to the bier and the ehrcld,
!)h, why shOrdd the spirit of meal he,trcmdi "' •