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TERMS OF PEBLICATION
4, THE FRANKLIN . REPOSITORY published
every Wednesday morning by "THE 'REPOSITORY
.A880C1AT.1024," at 82 5 per annum. IN ADVANCE, 01
82 if not paid within the •ear. All eubecripian ac•
taints sa. 7 B? be settled annually. No papermill be sent
out of the state anless paid for in advance, and all such
shbsetiVions will invariably lie discontinued at the expl•
ration of the time for which they are paid.
ADVERTISEMENTS are inserted at FIFTEEN cB.NTa'
per line fur first insertion, and TEN cast's per line for sub
sequent insertions. A liberal discount is made to persons
advertising by the quarter, half-year or year. Special no.
tines charged one-half more than req - ala.• advertisements.
rekYlutions of Associaiian; communications of limited
or individual interest, and notices of Marrissges and Deaths
st,teeeding live lines, are etz i trged fifteen cents per line.
rir AU Legal Notices of every kind. and ail Orphafir'
Court and Deter Judicial Sala, are required by lam to be
advertised in the REPOSITOUT—it having the LARGEST
cutAnili of any paper published in the county of Franklin.
JOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Faney col
ors, done with neatness and dispatch. Hand-bills, Blanks,
Cards, Pamphlets; &a, of every variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The REPOSITORY OFFICE has just'
been refitted with - Steam Power and three Presses, and
every thing in the Printing line can be executed in the
meet artistic manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS IN.
I_7" Mr. John K. §hryock. is = our nutlioriztid Agent to
reeelve Subscriptions rod Advertisements. and receipt for
the !none. All letters obonld be addressed to
M'CLURE & STONER. Publishers.
eaal, Lumber, &c.
ARPENTERS AND BUILDERS!
The undersigned Labe now on hand, at their
PLANNING AND FLOORING MILL,
alargo supply of Sash, Shutters, Doors and Blinds for sole,
or made to order.
Mouldings of all descriptions, trout half inch to ti inches,
.plain and Ornamental Scroll Sawing neatly executed
-Also—Wood Turning in all its brunches. Newel Folds,
Banisters, Bed Posts,%:.c„ on hand.
A large. supply of Dressed Flooring for sale.
Also—Window and Door Frames on hand ur made at
short notice. HAZELET, VEILNON & CO..
febl tf c Harrison Avenue. Chmobersburg. l's.
NOTICE TO FARMERS
100 TONS OF TIMOTHY HAY
Wanted by GEO. A. DEri.
WO WALNUT LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. DEtrz
100 ASH LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. DErta.
100 LARGE CHERRY LOGS ,
Wautiod by GE0..1.
WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS,
and 411 kinds of Produce bought by GEO. A. DErtz, at
his Warehouse above the Railroad Depot.
STOVE AND LIME CO
fctitle cheap, by ,L 'ttie'fiyu or lo
ilArt. AND HICKORY WOOD
'by the cord or half cord.
OAK AND HICKORY WOOD
sawed and split for stare ase, by the cord ur half curd.
WINDOW AND DOOR SILLS,
of Oak, Warnnt and Pine, qlways on hand.
WINDOW AND DOORFRAME STUFF,
.and all kipds of LIDIBER, such u Oak and Pine Plank;
Oak,Walnut, Pine and fiendock Boards ; Flooring Boards,
Joists, Scantling,'Shingles, Paling, Laths, dc.
REST OF ROOFING SLATE
always on hand, acid roofs put on by the best Slaters, who
have drawn medals for their buperior workmanship.
CALL AT DMZ'S WAREHOUSE,
above the Railroad Depot, end buy cheap. [dec2l
LEONARD EBERT '& SON,
COAL AND LUMBER 31ERCHANTS.
We haie hand'all kinds of Coal and Lumber, and
are prepared to furnish Bill Lumber to order at short no.
tine, all at the most reasonable terms. Our stock of Lulu.
ber consists of
White Pine 2 Inch Plank,
" 11" Plank. •
0 I select and Culling Boards,
" " " Boards,
" " ' Siding (6 loch,)
" " Best ulcer "Shingles,
" Worked }luring, •
" " 'Joist and Scantling., all sizes,
euil..ek Joist and Scantling,
Yellow Pine Boards, Joist and Scantling,
Palling and Plastering. Laths.
We have also always on hand a good supply of all
kinds of "Coal for stoves and lime.burnlng. Also a supe.
star article of Broadtop Coal for blacksmiths. The pub
lic are invited to give us a call, as we will endeavor to
give satisfaction to all that call.
Coal and Lumber furnished on the cars to any station
on the Franklin Railroad.
Ur Office on Second St, in the rear of the Jail Yard,
Chambersburg, Pa. LEO. EBERT & SON.
SMALL, BENDER 6,:jC0.,
York and Gqhfabiyroxi,gh
AND MAXLTACTIMERB OF
• SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS, BLINDS, '
pooß AND WINDOW FRAMES, 4c.,
Keepeonstantly on hand a well selepltd stock of am
enable Mrnber, vir.L.Jnist and Scantithg, Weatherboard.
ing, dressed Flooring, Siding, Latier,-Slaingles. Paling. and
Fencing. ' '
re White Pine and Oak Bills. sawed to order at the
shortest notice. All communications should be addressed
to Yoult, Ps.
STEAM SAW MILL—The undersign-,
ed have erected and in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near GnifTenburg Springs, and are
ed to saw : to order Bills, of WHITE OAK,: PINE,
HEMLOCK or :any tied of timber desired, at the short
est notice and arlow rates. One ofthe firm will be nt the
Hotel of Sam? Greenawalt, in Chambersburg, on Satur-
day the Nth inst. and on each alternate Saturday thereal
-ter for the purpose of contracting for the delivery of ham
, LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the Low-
EST RATER. All letters should be addressed to them at
GralTenburg P. 0., Adams Co.. Pa.
decl4-tf MILTENBERGER & BRADY.
aigned is prepared to SAW all kinds of Building Lum•
Der at Me kavest market price. R. A. RENFREW,
GREENWOOD MxLL9. Fayetteville P. O. dee2B-6m
tice is hereby given that , Letters of Administration
' with the will annexed on the Estate of Jacob Wolff, late
or Washington toninthiP deed, have been granted to the
All persons knowing themselves idatibted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
. mareb2E-. JO SEPH DQUGLAS, Adner.
ADMINISTRATOR'S 2 -AvTICE.-N;:y.
I. hereby given that Leonia of Administration
on the Estate of Jacob Kaufman, later/ Letterkenny town
ship, deed have been granted to the Andendgeed.
Allliersons knowing - themselves indebted to raid Estate
will please make immediate payment 4 and those Laving
claims present them properly athentleated for,settiement.
JOHN, B. KAUFMAN,
JACOB M. KAUFMAN, 5 -
tice is hereby given that-tetteo of Administration
on on the Estate of Sarah Stambaugh. late of Antrim town
ship. det!ti, have been granted to the Undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves ind n ebted to said Estate
wilt please make immediate payment and those having
claims present them properly authentiented for settlement.
mareh"4 M. STUMEAUGII. Atitn't-•
EXECUTORS' N Oli I C E. - " 2
hereby Oven that Letters TeittunsTntary to the Es
tate of Wm. tan Dyke, lute of Montßiniery township,
deed, hat e been granted to the undersigned. •
A' persons indebted to said Estate are requested to
make immediate payment, and those. having claims will
please present them prot;erin authenticated for siittleinent
JOIIt PATTEINON, 3, Eer ,,.
me 322 - WILLIAM BOYD, .Y
EXECUTOR'S NOTIC E.—Notice is
hereby given that Letters Testamentary to the Rs.
tate of Henry M. Stoner. tote of Antrim township, deed,
have been granted to the undersigned. •
All persons knowing themselves indebted to said Estate
willplease make immediate payment; and those having
claims present them properly authenticated for settlement.
DAVID H. STONER, E'er.
EXECUTO - R'S NOTIC E.—Notice is
hereby given, that Letters Testamentary to the Es
tate. of Andrew Gift, late of Peters township, deed, have
beetrgrauted to the undersigned.
All persons knowing themselves lialebted to said Estate
will please make immediate payment, and those having
claimsresent them properly authenticated for settlement.
March 29 JOHN MULLEN, Ex'r.
lIISSOLUTION 0 F C 0-PARTNER
LE SHEP.—liotiee is hereby given that the copartner•
*hip heretofore existing under the style of Shaffer
smart, in the Grocery bUSine., was dissolved by mutual
consent on the let instant. The boldness will be carried
on by Mr. JACOB SHAFFER. in wham hands the books
-have been placed for collection. JACOB SHAFFER,
notteli22.6t , JOHN 13. sTrAwr.
ESTRAY.—Came to the residence of the
undersigned' in Guilford township, about two miles
south.of Chambersborg, about the 3d of March last, a
BAY COLT, about two years old, with a white bald, and
ring-boned in front toot, having a leather halter on. The
owner is-hereby notified to call and proKe property and
pay charges or the colt will be disposed of aor•orimq to
law. [aPrils-3tl WM. VONDER9NN
r W F. EYSTER & BRO
• STEAM AND 'GAS•FITTERS,
And Dealers in all kinds of
FARMING IMPL - EMENTS,
ineilam) Salt Queosilit., Obarnbersharg, Pa.
. , .
BY M'CLURE & STONER.
THE SHERIDAN AND CHERRY RUN
C A P.l TA L $1,000,000!
"J 30,000 SlaiMiT E EACH I
PRICE OF FULL. PAD) UP SHARES $2 EACH!
$.50,009 RESERVED AS WORED:G CAPITAL!
Joni 3reuutW, . A. S. M'CLuag,
v. W. Soi.r.V.NBERGER, If. M. at'. ,
A. D. CACFm.L.N. -
OFFICE OF THE COMPANY
'44 SOUTH FOURTH STREET
The property of this company monist; of one hundred
acres in fee simple, situate In Corn Planter township,
Venancro county Pennsylvania, within one-fourth of 'a
mile of the town of Plumed, and within one-half ni ie o
the celebrated ID:unbolt property, one of the most pr duo-
ace companies in existence.
The property ie on one of the main branches of the eel
ebrated Cherry Run, and within one•fourth of a mile of
that stream. The land hoe an excellent formation fur
boring sueevafally, and the company bare already
propositlons to sink wells on the property on leme, girine
the company one•hetf of the Oil free of charge. As -soon
as the organization of the company le completed, leitnee
will be executed at once, and development pushed with
vigor. The property ill also within one and n half miles
from Mt Hole.Crook.—`a . stream that h. now Poducing
0 ii A ery largely
Every effort at development on the property around
this land has been succeseful. The Columbia Oil Corn
pang is located •oitliin a mile of it. and its stork is selling
for e.so per share. Then Cheery Run,.4.hirtin, and impe
rial Companies are also located in the same Immediate
llECtioo, Ca much the same t',,*atioa, and their stocks al
!lank WO on the market, and are Intrinsically very valui•
Tbe Company bus been organized to prosecute the bu
sines* legitiroatelr - nnd stockholders can rely upon vigor
ons and thorough development
A limited ',umber (t shares can be had at $ 2 per ebari.
Shares can be had for a short time from
- 1 COUNTING ROOM
Fonearding and Commission. House,
HAMILTON M. DAVIS,',
JAMES M. SELLERS,
ZiOAll W. SOLENDERGER,
D. BRAINERD OAKS
OAKS AND LINN. 13
NORM MiL't STILP.ET
ZOOLOGIciI., AND EQUESTRIAN
VAN AMBURGII & CO.'S
from 3,39 and 54.1:Bromtway, Now yo'rk, tfornbined wick
THAYER ti NOYES'
GREAT UNITED SLATES CIRCUS,
Will exhibit at '
CHAMIIERSBURG. ON MONDAY. APRIL 24th, 1865,
EXHIBITING IN ONE TENT,
Bolt ONE ADMISSION FEE
THAYER & NOYES' t,
USITED STATES CIRCUS
THE OR EATEF,T FORCE OF TALENTED RIDERS,
GYMNASTS. CLOWNS, ACROBATS,
In the country, with
A STUD OF PERFORMING HORSES. PONIES AND
INCOMPARABLY SUPERIOR •- -
to any other that eon .be produced on this side of the
Atlantic. • -
Prominent among the gifted performers attached to this
SUPERB CIRCUS TROUPE
• will be found. the names of ' _
Da. J. L. THAYER, Mit. C. W. YorES.
ILL.. T. hiciu, JiIL T Kt.o,-
3f IL CIIA4. REED, 3111. REINOLDi,
118. C. KELLY, 311 L BURROWS,
MONO. MORF.STE. MR. J. 11 tZEUEIT
3B1.„ SAUNBERS, Mtt EINC.
A.Sl'llll Cis iE,
and a full t'orps of
GnrsAsts,-rDnittus, AND ATHLETES
VAN AMBURGIT & CO'S MENAGERIE
MOST APLENDID COLLECTION OF LIVING
BEASTS AND RARE AND
from even• quarter of the globe that has Ntsited this city
for malty years, including among other prominent fent•
Imes the world•renowned
• WAR ELEPHANT, HANNIBAL
A TWO•BCMPEO BACTRIAN CAMEL, k
the tint one that him been seen in America for forty y , eanu.
the tint and only
HIMALAYA WHITE BEAR t y
ever brought to this country • a pair of
POONAII SLOTH BEARS,
the first ever exhibited-here;
TWO WHITE ZEBUS
LIONS, TIGERS, LEOPARDS, HYENAS.
and an infinite variety of other rare specimens of the ani
mat kingdom, forming the grandest exposition of
ever presented to the American People: 4'
will include every imaginable variety of
DASHING HORSEMANSHIP AND CLASSIC
NEW AND STARTLING ACTS
never before given in this city. At each entertainment
Mr C. W. Noyes will introduce hie famous
TRICK HORSE GREY EAGLE JR., -
the finest specimergategaine beauty in America; also his
PERFORMING MONKEY, SIGNOR VICTOR.
the feats of which are comical be,yond description.
A pupil of the great VAN Alluvium will enter thettems
of LIONS, TIGERS, AND LEOPARDS.
Each entertainment will i'ommenee with a
---.. GRAND ORIENTAL CAVALCADE.
irird=conclude with the lau g hable performances of ..Dr.
COMIC MOLES, UNCLE SA3f AND DICK.
MESSRS. THAYEIt & REYNI /LDS, CLOWNS.
Doors open at IV and H I'. 3L
4dmil.siou to the entire monster combluation. 50 cents;
Cluldreu under twelve, 25 cent, - aprill2-2t
RA.LTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL.-Dr.
1...) JOHNSTON. the roomier of this Celebrated Instite:
lion, offers the most certain. speedy, and only effectual
remedy in the world for Glees, Structures. Seminal
Weakness, Pain in th , Loins Constitutional Deloillt,
Impotence. Weakness of the Back and Limbs, Affection:
of the Kidneys. Palpitation of the Heart, Dyspepsia, Ner
vous Irritability. Diseases of the Head, Throat, nee
skin; and all those serious rind melancholy disorder. aris
ing from the destructive habits of Youth, which destroy
Both body and mind. There seciet and solitary practices
'are ajere fatal to their victims thrin the song of the Syrees
Co thlb mariner Ulysses. blighting=heir most bnlliaiTt
hope for anticipations, rendering mativaare,
YOUNG - MEN!
Yo/tari, Hen especially. wan have become the victims of
Solitary Vice, that dreadful and almtructive habit which ant
annually sweeps to an mitiniely grave thous:m:ls of yonng
men of the most exalted talent and brilliant intelleet. who
might otherwise have entranced listening Senates with the
thunders of eloquence. or waked to eMtacy the living lyre:
. may call with full confidence.
Married pe_mons, or young men contemplating marriage
being ascare of physical treaknees,organic debdity, defor
mitten, &e., should immediately eousult Dr..folmston.
He who places himself umlei the care of Dr. Johnston
may religiously confide in WS honor us a gentleman. and
confidently rely upon his skill as a phpieutn.
ORGANIC WEAKNESS IMMEDIATELY CL Eli
AND FULL VIGOR RESTORED.
This disease is the penalty most frequently pia by those
who have become the - victims of improper indulgences.
Young persons are too apt to commit .excesses fnim not
being aware of the dreadful consequences that may ensue.
Now, who that understands the subject will pretend to deny
that the power of Prurreution is lost sooner byithose falling
into improperhabit than by the prudent. Ilesiides being de.
'privet' of the pleasure of healthy offspring, and the most
.serious and destructive sympathy to mind and body Hri.e.
The system becomes deranged, the physical and, nientel
powers weakened, nervous debility, dyspepsia, palpitation
of the heart, indigestion, a wasting of the frame, rough.
Office So. 7, Sinah Frederick Steed,
seven doors from Baltimore street, East side, up the steps.
Be particular Sa observing the ramie and number, or you
u ili mist.tke the plug•.
A CURE WARRANTED IN TWO DAYS
No ! Sirrcuro or Nauscous . D:rtiv.
DR. JOIIMTON. Member of the Royal College of
Surgeons. London, graduate fromone of the nest eminent
Colleges of the United Stater, and the greater part of
whose life has been spent in the hiepitals of London.
Paris, Phillidelptito and elsewhere. ban effected some of
the most astonishing eures that were ever know!, Many
troubled with ringing in the heal and ears when asleep,
great nervoushess. being alarmed at sadden sounds, and
stith frequent bluching, attended sometimes
with derangement of mind, were must irumailiately.
A CERTAIN DISEASE!
When the miegnlded and imprudent votary of pleasure
find he has imbibed the seed of this painful di'selt4e, 0 too of
ten happens that anill-rim ed sense of shame, or dread of dis
covery, deters him from applying to those who from educti•
lion and respectability can alone befriend him, delaying.till
the constitutional symptrens of this horrid disease make their
appearance, such as ulcerated sure throat, diseased tame,
noeturnal pains in the - head and limbs. diaries of sight,
clearness, nobs on the chin, bunco and arms, , blotebes on the
head, fare and extremities, progressing with frightful nt,
pldty; 3 till at last the palate of the mouth or the bones of
the ose fall in and the va-tim of thiscrwful disease be
comes a horrid object of commisseratiiiic till death puts a
period to his dreadful solferings, by sending him to "that
bourne from whence no traveller returns," To such, there.
fore, Dr. Johnston pledges himself to preserve the most
inviolable secrecy ; and tram his extender practice in the
first Hospitals of Europe and America. he can confidently
recommend a safe andrepeetly rue to the unfortunate vic
tim of this horrid ilr,case.
It is a melancholy fact that thousands fall victims to
this horrid disease on log to.the unskillfulness of ignorant
pretenders a 1111 by use of that droadhil poison; Mercury.
run the constitution and either ...nil the,iinfartunate to
an unhandy grave or make the residue 4life miserable.
1 ARE P.II3TICUI:AIt NOIRT.!
Dr. J. addressee those Wl3O have injured theinr•elit es bj
private and improper indolgenee, '
These nr• some of the sad and melancholy effects pro
duced by early habits:iif outh, N a:—Weakness of the
Back and Limbs, Fams in the Read, Dunne. pt Night,
Loss of .7111i.oulrui Pon ei—i.Palpitation of the Henn. Dye
pepsin, Sea UM, Irritability, Derangement of the Diges
tive Functions, General Debility, Symptoms of F r onalunp.
MENTALLY, the fearful effects on the mind are much to
lie dreaded; him of Memory, confusion of Ideas. Lepers.
stun of Spirits, Evil Forebdings., Aversion to Society,
Self. Distrust, Love of Solitude, &a, are come
of the evil effort,.
Thousands of persons of all ages can ape judge ulna
is the rouse ut their decliniy health, kissing their vigor,
-.raining weak. pale, have macular appearance,ubout the
eyes, cough, and iks niptunts'uf Consumptiutt,
Dr. JOHNSTON'S INVIGORATING- REMEDY
By . this great and important remedy, Weakness of the
Organs It speedily cured, andfull s igor restored.
Thousands of the_most nervous and debilitated, who
had lust all hope, have been immediately relieved, All
impediments to Marriage, Physical or 3lental Disqualifi•
cation, Nervous Irritability, Trembling. Weakness or Ex . .
hauation of the most fearful kind, speedily eared by Dr.
who have injured themselves by a ecit r ein practice, indul
ged in when alone—a habit frequcul i ly learned from evil
companions, or at school, the effects are nightly felt, oven
when asleep, and if not cured render marling° impossible,
and destroys both mind and body,should apply immediately
What a pity that a young man, the hope of his country,
the darling of his parents, should be snatched from all
prospects and enjoyments of life, by the einciequeuee of
deviaUng from the path of nature, and indulging In a cer
tain secret habit. Such pcni one, before eontemplating
slibuld reflect that a sound mind and body are the most ne
cessarTree undies to promote connubial happiness. Indeed,
without these, the journey through life heromea n weary
pilgritnage, the prospect hourly darkens to the view ; the
mind becomes shadowed with despair, nail tilled with the
melancholy reflection, that the happiness of another be
conies blighted with our own.
OFFICE NO. 7 'SOUTH FREDERICK STREET
TO BTRANGERS.—The many thousands eared at this
Institution in the but Idler° years; and tho utuneroun iw
portant surgical Operations performed by Dr. J., witnessed
by the reporters of the papers, and many other perums,
aolfees of which have appeared again and again before
the public, is a salcientgnarantee to-the afflicted.
N. it. There are so many ignorant and worthless quacks
advertising themselves as Physicians, ruining the health
of the already afflicted, Dr. Johnston deems it necessary
to say to those unacquainted with his reputation. that his
DI plomas hang in his office.
W' TAKE NIYIIOE.—AII letters mast he post paid, and
(=tale a postage stamp for the reply, or no answer will
he sent. (mar 164 y,
CRAWBERSBURG, PA„ WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19. 1865.
By authority of the Secretary of the Treamyy. the an
dersigned has assumed the General Subseripthin Agency
far the sale of United State Treasury Notes, bearing I,es ,
en and three tenths per cent. interest, per annum. knot. n
These Notes are issued under date of June 15th, 1t,165,
and are payable three years from that time, in currency,
or are convertible at the option of the hnlderiplo
These bonds are worth a preminin, which increa'ses
the actual profit on the 7.30 loanrand itiLfzemption
from State and municipal taration, which adds front one
to three per cent, more, according to the .rate levied ou oth
er property. The interest is payable semihunnally by
coupons attached to each note, which army be cut °fraud
sold to any hank or banker.
The interest amounts to
ONE CENT PER DAY ON A $5O NOIE.
Two CENT 4 •• c 7 LU "
TEN " " " " $.500
" " " $lOOO
$1 " " " " $5OOO "
Notes of all - the dannminations named will be promptly
furnished upon receipt of subscriptions, and th:taotes fors
warded at once. 'rho interest to I:ith June nest sr ill be
paid in [awe. This is
THE ONLY LOAN IN MAY.ECET-
now offered by the Government, and it ie confidently tf
peened that it. superior advantage. will make it the
GREAT POPULAR LOAN OF THE PEOPLE.
Less Mail C301:000 of the Loan authorized by tbe last
Congress are now on the market. This amount at the
rate at which it Is beinfnbsnrbed, 1%111 all be subscribed
for within four ' ths, when the notes will andonbtedly
command ap - min, as has unifoimly been the case on
closing die riptious to other Loans. - -
In order that citizens of every totrahnd section of the
cotsktiy may be afforded facilities for taking th'e loan, the
,Vatal Banta State Bankaand Wive& Bankers through.
out a country isave generally agreed to receive sub
scriptions at par. Sabecriben will select their own agents,
in whomthey have confidence, and who only are to beres
,poaslble for the' delivery of the notes for which they re
, Cave orders. 'JAY COOKE.
Subscription Agent, Philadelphia.
Subserfpnotis bill be received by the National Bank of
_NOTICE , TO THE TAXPAYERS 0 F.
FRANALIN COUNTY.—The Taxpayer's of
Franklin count t - will please take notice, thhtl will meat
them at the folliaiving places tar the pin - pone of receiving
the State, Count; l and Military Tuxes fur the ~ veiir 1665,
QUM:C . V.—At Mt. Alto at the House of Andrew Shank,
on Monday, thelir day of Slay, and at the Hof
31.- - Jones, Qmniii, on Tuesday, the .9d day ,
WASHlNGTON.—Waynesboni, at the Misuse former
ly occupied by F. Bowden, on Wedpesday and Thurs
day, the 3d mil 4th ,lay a of May.
ANTRINL--Grecucalitle, at the House formerly kept
by Foreman sslialds, ou-Friday and Saturday, the sth and
6th days of Mar.
MONTGOilialY.—Nielsh Hum at the - House of Jacob
Ellibtori Monday, the 9th day of May, null at the House
of Thomas M'Afee, in Mercersburg on Tuesday; the 9th
day of May.
WARREN.—J. Zimtnennaris Store, on Wednesday.
the 10th day of May, and at P. Cook's Tannery, on Thurs
day, the 11 th day of May.
PETERS.—Loudon, at the House of James Mullen, on
Friday, the 12th day of May, and at James I). Scott's
Store, Bridgeport, ou Saturday, the Lath day of May.
FAN:CF;FT.—Ambersoo's Valley,oat the House of B. J.
Culbertson, on Monday, - the 15th : at the' House of A. B.
Sieber, Concord. on Toesday, the 16th day of May. and
at the House formerly kept by Benj. Crouse, at Dry Run,
on Wedne , Say,-tho lith day of Stay.
METAL.—Fannettsbarg, at the house of Mrs. Adaline
Ramsey on,- Thursday and Friday, the 16th and 15th
days of May.
LURGAN.—Roxbury, at thellbuse - of 'David Kitsmil
ler, on Monday and Tuesday, the 29i.1 and tad days of
LETTERKENNY.—Strasburg. at the Honlte of J. R.
IVekt, en Wednesday and Thursday, the tHth and 25th
days of May.
:iT. THOMAS—At the Store of Elion & Elder, in St.
Thomas, on Friday and Satunlay, the ii6th and :7th days
of Mai ;
S. GR 'E\—Fayetteville , at the House of John Basun,
on Mo day, the 29th day of May, and at *the ffirthe of
C. - C. Foltz, in Greentillage, on Tuesday, 30H1 day of
gOrTHAMPION-31t Rock School House, od Wed
nesday, theN3lst day of May; and at the House. of John
Kyner, is Orrstown. on Thursday, the lot day of June.
GUILFORD—Mario% at the House of Jeremiah Burk,
on Friday, We 2d day of June. and at the House of Mrs.
IL Snider, in New Franklin, on Saturday, the 3d day of
HAMILTON—At the; Hnuse nfJoba Gordon, on Hatf-t
-day and Tuesday, the sth and 6th days of June.
CIIAMBERSitURG—:,-At the: Treasurer's Office, on
Wednesday and Thuridity, the ith and Eth days of June.
None but Pennsylvania or Government funds re
eelt-ed for Taxes.
LICENSES.—AII persons who are subject to ray a
Mercantile or Manufacturers License, will please take up
rail License at the above named. places, as I amoompell
ed by law to bring ..uit int all unpaid License by the 10th
day of July next. JAMES G. ELDER, -
march. 29 Cpunty Trertsurer.
DIVIDEND NOTICE:he Stockhol
dent of the STERLING OIL COMPANY, in Chum
bershurg and vicinity. will be paid their dividends of ONE
PER CENT on the pur value (SS I , cr share)of said stoclr,
try the undersigned, at the RtrosiToitY OFFIcE. Ma and
ages the 15th inst. Every stockholder moat present Ms or
her certificate when the dividend is called' for.
. - .
aprils.3t 3ItLURE ;& STONER. •
OFFICE OF TILE RtERLING: OIL
COMPANY, '224 Semi 4Tit &railer, Philadelphia,
April 1, ISt.W.
The Directors of the Sterling Oil Company have this
day declared a DIVIDEND Ok' ONE PER CENT..en
the par value ohhe Capital Stock (435 per share). payable
on the 15th inst. The transfer becks will cloise on the sth
[aprilreilti- JAMES ]lf SELLERS, 'Treak
NOTICE.—AII persons indebted to the
_LI Estate of James Beatty; dee'd, are notified that un
less their notes are raid within thirty days suits wilt be
brought T. ft. KENNEDY,
_ aprils It Ex'r of James Beatty. - deeL
COUNTY TREASURER.-MAJ. JOHN
lia.m.nit. offers biinself as a onndidate for the °Wien
of County Treasurer, subject to the derision of the Union
St. Ttnistss Starch 22 11?.6.5.
f4O NUS.' TREASURER.,—At the solie
k/ itation of a number of my friends. I annonn4 utv.
self a candidate thr the Otticciof County Tienaurer. sub.
ju t to the det,ion of the Chinn Nominating Connty
Convention [Qt'txcs. March '4.] W3i. FLAGLE.
/TIRE ASURER.—Sam uel' F. Greenawalt
qtrers himoelf tis 41 Unndidrde for the ofaee of cumay
t to the deckton of 'the Cnion Noutiuu•
ting (:vim ention. CiIAMBULKIWRG. Mnreh 154
c111.41d-FFALTY.—At tlw solicitqion
j at a' numb, of any friends. I otter myself as a Un
dulate for the Miler of Sheriff Franklin County, subjert.
to the derision of the Union Nominating Convention.
`fit ihroltu TowNrllti. Mardi t.t9.` F. W. DOSIL.
C HE R IF F AL'T Y.—Encouraged by a
number of my friends. 1 offer myself us u triundidatti
for the ofitee of Sheriff, stillest to the division of the Union
Nominating County Convention. DAVID Elll%
Tnwlnllit•, March r.
SHERIFFALTIY.—I oiler myself as
Candidate fur the obit, of Sherierof Franklin ounnty,
anhjeet to the doolsion the Union Nominating Conven•
tion. r THO,IIAS NICAFEE.
MERCKIIBIItiItG,I . a., Afarch f 29:. ISGS'
HERIFFALT Y„—Eacouraged by a
L.) number of toy friends, I offer myself as a candidate for
the office of Sheriff, sub erit to the decision of the Union
Nominating County CmfCention. D. :if. LEISHER.
(.111AMeEttellUltG. Merril 15. •
c",;11 - TERIFFAL'IjY.—Capt. JNO. DG:BLEit.
of Chainhernhurg,iwill he a candidate for the (nee of
Sheriff, anhJeet to the •teniniuti of the Union Notntnotiug
- County Convention, t warehls.
Real -Ootate *aim
Situate War Altria Cabinr, Flaton. County, Pinrinhvania
This Mill Las done n Inrirer,amount of businem for along
time, and is In a rieb spttlemtut of oountry. It was built
in 1544, and has reecntly been fully repaired. Also, a
FRAME DWELLING lIOI'Sk
A 8 A W MILL. together withla
of 90 ACRES, on which there is ericted a small Barn and
Tenant House. There are also on., the premises an Orch
ard of some two hundred tine BLfttiit Trees, good Water.
Le. This property Is on the.rontii"bf the late surveys of
an expected Railroad, which doubtless will paso through
the neighborhood In a short time.
Terms will bethade known by the subscriber, residing
on the premßes. Elan9,slmoni F. BURRS.
7,-30 L 0 A N!
S, 5 , 20 SIX PER CENT
Ay, dad is growing old, John,
His eyes are getting dim
And years nre on Lis 'shoulder Inid
•A heavy weight for him ;
But you and I are young and hale,
And with a stalwart man,
And we must make hic knot nit light
And may OA we can:
He used to take the brunt, Jo
At cradle and the plow,-
And earned our porridge by the srient
That trickled from his brow ;
Vet noier heard we him complain,
Whate'er his toll might be, -
For wonted e'er a welcome seat
Cpou•his solid knee.
And when our boy strength Fame, John,
And sturdy grew each limb,
Ile brought unto the 3-allow field
To share the toll with him;
But he went foremost In the swath,.
Tonsing aside the grain.
Just like the plow that heaves the mil,'
Or ship! that ',hear the main, -
Now we most lead the van. John, '
Through weathe' foul and
Andlet the old gran n ad and. doze.
• And tilt his easy chair;
And not mind 3L-John, il/11 know
' At one In tell us oer
Those hove old tales of British ti Ines.
gnuaind and the war.
I heard you speak of ma'am. Johr,
'TN gospel what t ou say,
That luring for the like of us
Has turned her head so gay
Vet, Jobs, I do remember well,
When the neighbors railed her Valli
And when het hair was long and like
•A gleaming sheaf of grain., s
Tier lips were cherry mil. John,
Her cheek was mund and fair,
And like a ripened peach it swelled
; Against her heavy hair;
- lie4tep fell lightly as the leaf •
Froth off the summer tree,
And'all day busy at the wheel
She sang "to you and me.,
She had a buxom arm, John,
That wielded well the red
Whene'er with wilful step our feet
The path forbidden - trod;
But to the heaven of her eye
We never heeled in vain,
And evermore our yielding ery i
Brought down her tears like ray'.
But that in long ago, John.
And we are what we are,
And, little heed we day! by day
^ Her reap; cheek and hair; .
Ali. when benenth her feeble Invest
The tides no, longer
, 'Tis thew, John, that vie most shall feel
We had no friend like her.
Site there can be tan harm, John,
Thus speaking gently o'er
The blessed names of those, ere long,
-• Shall iselcome Its no more.
• Nay! 'Mile it not, for 'why shoultlst thou
• An honest tear clisotrit
'nit heart one day will lighter be,
Remembering it has flown.
For dad is gnawing - old, 'John,
His eyes are getting dim,
And ma'am is treading softly dream
The dim descent with him,
But yen and I are young and hale,
And etalt a stalwart man,
And wr 'mast make their path as smooth
And tee elms we can
EVACUATION OF RICHMOND
Everything concerning the fall of the capital of
the Confederacy is invested with peculiar interest,
and we are sure we can never tire our readers
with narratives of facts that will hereafter be de
tailed itf history with the minutest. accuracy.
Ifithert6 we have had accounts only of our entree
into the city, and some general facts concerning
the conflagration ; but in the Richmond Whig, of
the 6th, we find a carefillly prepared and no doubt
_correct narrative of all the initiatory measures
taken by the rebels :
THE PREPARATIONS TO EVACUATE
, The Whig ea) s that for a month past the , Con
federates have been industriously engaged in eva
cuating-the 'city up . to Sunday, the 24,, but the peo
ple paid no attention to it, or did nit seem to be
lieve-their own eyes. Sunday motifing Gen. Lee
telegraphed to Davis stafinefhat the lines hnd
been pierced in many places, and that unless he
could re-establish thew, Richmond must be given
up that night.. His tone Was, for the first time
since the war, -despondent ; he said his men were
not coming up to their work. At 11 o'clock that
morning he telegraphed that all efforts to re-es
tablish his lines had, be utterly unsuccessful.
Immediately began among the officials in Rich
mond a scurry and panic. Still the majority of
the people were in the dark, and remained till
night. The gold and silver coin belonging to the
Louisiana and Richmond banks, and recently ap- , „
propriated by the Confederate Congress,was run
down to the a Danville thtin with hot haste. Then
the programme for the -departure of the officials
was arranged., A number of trains were to leave
during the evening ; stilt there was not room tOr
allwho thought it desirable to get away. Davis
was lo depart at 7 Weida P.M.j itreckinridge
elected to go off on horseback wig the list of the
army on Monday morning. On Sunday evening
a meeting was held for consultation, at which
Goy. Smith attempted to show there wus no dan
ger, and almost succeeded in deceiving his hearers.
He was better informed, however, afterwards;and
ran off on horseback during the night. The Coun
cil, after much discussion, determined to destroy
all the whisky in the "city,, to prevent disorder.
After dark the Council held another conference,
apd this time being assured by the Secretary of
War that the Conti•derate pickets would be with
drawn from the Richmond front at 3 o'clock on
Monday morning, and that it was calculated the
city would be evacuated about night, it was de
termined that a cominittee of prominent citizens
nhould attend the Mayor with u flag of truce to
the intermediate line of zibrtilieations, and that
there he night hand over the city to the general
commanding the Army of `the 'James. Judge
LyonaLkinlge Meredith, and -, several members tit'
the Council attended the Mayor. The' lettelprt;
-pared by, the Mayor to be handed fo the - Union
General was as follows:
To the Grn;773l - .RlctiMONti. Monday April B''
Commanding the United .Srates,l rrniin
frolY of liichniond :
GCNERAL: The army. of the Confederate-4ov
ernMent having abandoned the city of Richmond,
resPectfully reiiuest that you will take-posses
siou ()I it with an organized tiirce;to preeetve
der and protect the women and children and .
propkrty. Respectfully, &c.,
JOSEPH MAYO, Mayor.
SATURNALIA-THE CITY SACKED(
TlEis deputation started to the front before day
ligh4 but :El the meantime A saturnalia had begun,
m the city. About dusk the Government corm
nnssaries begdn the destniction of an immense
quantity of w hisky bud briindy stored in. the large
building northwest corner of Pearl and Carry
streets. Se% erat hundred soldiers and citizens
gathered in front of the building, and contrived to
savernuch of the liquor in pitchers, bottles, and
basin's. This liquor-was not slow in manifesting
itself The, crowd became a mob. and 'Twin to
howl. Soon other crowds had collected in front
of other Government warehouses. At some at
lempts were made to distribute supplies, but so
frenzied had the mob become that the officers ?ti
charge, in many cases, had to flee for their lives.
All through the night crowds of Men, winter', and
children traversed the streets, rushing frOm one
store-house to another, loading themselres frith all
kinds of supplies, to hr thrown away immediately
on something more tempting offering itself Men
could he wet rolling hogsheads of ba611,. molas-
I sugar, barrels of liimor,bushels of tea and
coffee: others had Wheelbarrows loaded With all
manner of goods, while others again had gone in
to the plundering business in a large way, and
were operating with bugs, furniture wagons, and
drays. This work went on fast and furious until
after midnight, about which time large numbers
VOL. 7a',...WHOLE NO. 3,702.
of straggling Confedert to soldi.irs made their ap
pearance on the stre ts, and immediately set
about robbnig a the stt res on Main street
There was u regular = k. -
,THE CONPLAGRA OF THE CITY.
About I o'clock on ond* morning the
received positive info ation that an order had
been issuedfrom Ewell s headquarters to fire the
four principid tobacco Warehouses of the city, viz:
Public Warehouse, situated at the head of the ta
sin, near the Petersburg Railroad depot; Shockoe
Warehouse situated near the centre of the city,
Sideby side with the far-famed Gallego flour mills; •
Mayo's Warehouse, at the southern extremity of
Fourteenth Street,and on the hither end of Mayo's
bridge; acrd, Dibrell's Warehouse, on Cary street,
between Tvietity-first and Twenty-second streets,
'and a square below the Libby prison. The burn
ing of these immense buildings, situated as they
were, involved the destruction of of least the bu
siness portion of the city. The Mayor forthwith
despatched a committee of gentlemen to remon
strate with the Confederate authorities against
the wanton vandalism. The committee were re
ferred to Major Melton, one of a large number of
adjutant and inspector generals who hung around
the.WarDepartment, to whom had been entrust
ed the work Of the incendiary. Meltbn Would
hear nothing on the subject. There was nothing
left for the , citizens but to submit. Resistance
was thought of, but the Confederate authorities
had guarded against such an' eventby holding in
the city, to; execute their barbarous work, two
large battalions of Southern troops, every man of
whom hated Virginia and Virginians, and longed
for nothing more than to seethe city a ruin. But
before the trbops detailed to fire the city received
their order,. some amateur incendiary fired a ca - -
nal boat imided with meat, in the dock, near
Mayb's bridge. This boat' fired two others, which
burpt the bridge over the dock and cut off the re
tree+ of five or six thousand Confederates. This
wsa thesee.ond fire—the first being the burning
of public papers in liinth street, early Sunday
night. About this time the Confederate gunboat
Patrick Henry, lying in the river off Rocketts,
was fired, and soon after the order was issued to
apply the torch to the warehouses. The order
was executed with alacrity nor did the ruffians
confine themselves to the buildings in question.
Getting a taste of incendiarism, the congenial
Work seemed to please them so much that they
ran about setting fire to every /souse in the vicinity
of the diffeient warehouses. The incendiaries at
Shockoe fired every house on Shockoe Slip, inclu
ding Mr. De Voss's warehouse, where was stored
a quantity of French tobacco. There was a guard.
of French local troops over this'building, but they ,
were driven off by the Confederates and threat
ened with death -if they attempted to extinguish
the flames. The torch was also applied to all the
buildings recently in Confederate occupation, from
- the Tredegfir works on the canal above the city
to the navy ] yard at Rocketts, a distance of two
miles, including the laboratories, artillery shops,
arsenals, Franklin paper mill, Petersburg depot,
Danville depot, all the commissary and quarter
master buildings on'and near Fourteenthistreet,
Ralan's teundry, - and other buildings and localVel
which we have heretofore. mentioned. By seven
o'clock, A. ,3f., nearly the whole of the city south
of Main street, between Eighth and Fifteenth
streets, and Twentieth and Twenty-third streets
was one great sea of flame.
THE. FLIGHT OF THE REBEL ARMY.
- Two divisions—Keniblaw's and Coatis Lee's--
with several light batteries, were holding the lines
below the city. Gradually during the, night these
troops were withdrawn try brigades. The first
movements were orderly enough, but towards
morning the retreat became a wild flight. It was
one of the ghastliest sights of thiii awful night to
see long lines of men gifting like unholy shades
through the crowded streets, their forms made
hideous by the glare of the incendiary- fires that
already began to glow. ! This train of fugitives
poured on unbroken up Main street, down 14th,
street, until broad daylight broke upon the scene,'
Before the last passed oter the bridge Richmond
had been in flames more than an hour: It was
part of the prog rionnni that Gary's cavalry should
be the lasteontederate troops to leave the lines
below Richmond. TheY were to come stealthily
on the city about daylight and catch up all strag
glers rind citizens that they could lay hold of and
hurry them off with the'army. This part of the
plan was frustrated by the rapid advance of the
Union forces. Gary passed up Main street not
five minutes ahead of the Union column, arid so
far from dragging off others, he barely saved him
self. Mayo's bridge and the Danville depot were
then all ablaze. Gary crossed the dock by the
bridge at the southern terminus of 'Seventeenth
street, and then set fire to tiirstructilre: Two
citizens, William .J. Brown, mid ltobert
chancing to be in the neighborhood, rushed to the
bridge and extinguished. tice (lames before they
had gained headway - . While so engaged, they
were fired upon by Gary's men, but fortunately,
neither of 'them were struck: Gary then aped
away over Mayo's bridge, which was burning
from end to end, ant almost on the point of fall
THE SURRENDER OF THE CITY:
The flag of truce, under The Mayor, met the'
t.uion army near the junction of Osborn turnpike
and ,New Market road, where the surrender wag
made. Steps were taken to preserve order, but
the conflagration prevented great miccess. The .
poptaebe white and black, wild with excitement,
were sacking every stare on Main street. The
United States authorities at once set about stay
ing the ravages of the flames, and threw out par
-ties to put a stop to the pillaging, By three
o'efeek P. M. the first was conquered, though not ,
extinguished, and order was restored.
THE CASUALTIES BY THE FIRE
Large numbers were burnt by the conflagra:
tion but their number or identity will never be
known., Children, old and infirm persons, and,
many persons under the influence of the liquor
drank during the prey ions night's orgies, were'the
victims. There were more killed by ,the shell ex
plosions at the arsenal, but the hundreds who
were not slaughtered can only be accounted fOr
by the tact that the arsenal was under a steep
which stood between it and the city,on two sides.
But there must have been some which-have not
yet boon heard of. Not less than one hundred
thousand shells e'xploded in the course of three or
four hours, scattering their fragmeuts thickly over'
acres of the city. Many pieces, weighing several
noun& each, fell in the Capitol square. Truly
the ways of Providence are inscrutable. This
burning of our goodly city magi seem at first
glance an unmitigated evil, but there is another
view to be taken of it. It has had one eertain.
good effect. If thrre lingered in the Mares of any'
of our people one spark of affection for the Davis'
dynasty, this ruthless, useless, wanton - handing
Geer to the flames their fair rity:their homes. an'a
altars, has extinguished it for ever.
Fmm the Washington Chronicle, - April 4.
THE END OF THE REBELLION
Richmond, the grand objective point of the
campaigns of the last four years, is at last in our
hands.- The rebel Government has always clung
With persistent tenacity to This stronghold, not on
lebecause it was the political capital of the Con
federacy, but because it was, in a strategic point
of view, the citadel of the rebellion. So tong as
Jeff:Davis and his Cabinet and Congress could
securely reside in Richmond, the rebel Govern
ment had a local habitation and a name, notwith
standing the capture ofither places of import
ance,and the conquest by - our forces of the prin
cipal portion of the territory claimed by the-Con
tederacy; and so long as Lee held that city and
could protect his communications, his army was
a formidable and an unconquered host. But the
expulsion of Jeff. Davis, his Cabinet and army,
from-Richmond will be regarded in both heinis
pheres us the substantial, if n o t the final, over- ,
thrOw of the "Southern CuoWderact" The
great - Rebellion, which has so heavily thxed the
resources of the American people, will
tile to the insignificant proportions of a mere in
surrection. The_ Confederacy is not longer a
"belligerent" power. Its adherents May pursue I
a course of brigandage in unprotected parts of
the country : considerable bodies of men may re 7
treat to the fastnesses of the Alleghanles,and, by
carrying on a guerrilla warfare, deriVe a preca
rious subsistence from the resources of the neigh
boring country; but all great military operations
have ceased. A large standing army may for time be required to preserye,Thepeace: a
well-regulated and increased pollee force will be
needed inlarge cities; but, THE - INTErinrry Or
THE UNION IS NOW AN ASSURED 'PACT. One
government, and one only, Will control till the ter
ritory within the temperate zone which is confin
ed betowen the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. De
mocracy is vindicated. The power and capacity
of a free people, f ,not only to develop the resour
ces of a contineetrbut to protect and defend their
nationality, has been indisputably demonstrated,
not only at the peaceful contest of the ballot-box,
but on the bloodiest and best-fought fields of bat
tle ever known in the history of the world.
:We matinot yet; Witt • Prapriety, - diactuif the
questions that will necessarily arise in regard to
the position-whichr shall be.- awarded to the dein
ded and infatuated riteri.Wholiave so persistently
fought against-. the „Constitution , and the tlniou
The hiimanity and good sense - of the people,which:
will be truthfully interpreted by "their leaders,
both iu thei - Ezecutive arid Comrressiniial-Deptirt;
ments; will decide , all matters of this mkt. In
our humble opinion, the result of-the great contort
will he_to inculcate upon each side a greater re
spect for the other. Many bard fought battles,
many brilliant raids and skirmishes, and' many
hand to-band fights have taught all of us that the
military genius and valor of the American people
was confined neither to the North nor to the South,.
but belonged to the whole people. More than
this, it has been demonstrated that the , real poWer
of a genuine democracy lies in free speech, a free
press, and the education of the masses. Had-the'
South enjoyed these privileges, Slavery. could ne
ver have endured atter the preliminary movement
in its favor made by its advocates in 1832. '
In such a crisis as this we rise above the preje
dices and passions of the hour. Though we are
stirred to bitter feelings of hatred and revenge.by
the well authenticated statements of rebel barba
rities, and of the cowardly murders ithdfeiOcious
cruelties committed by the Confederate authori
ties on Union prisoners of war; and though we
are sickened and disgusted -by -the borrible - ae,
counts which have come to us from the oubliette,:
of Charleston, Andersonville and RiChtnond, 'of
persecutions and cruelties; we cannot forget that
the foundation of the rebellion was laid long ago
by certain political leaders who bad- their own
purposes to subserve, and paid no regard to the—
rights or the opinions of the people, but'had in
view only the establishment of an aristocracy, en
tirely antagonistic to the timdamental principles
of a free government.
- The great contest i 9 over The military power
of the Confederacy is broken. The Government
of the United States is fully established. This
result will redound to the benefit of no section,
but of the whole*mntry. Let us not indulge in
vituperation, passion, or revenge, but ttamk'God
that He has safely led us through this terrible or
A TRAGICAL GELLMAN.
The tragical delusion of the madmen of Charles
ton four years ago, - that they could overthrow a
great nation as euSily as they could fire upon a
provision ship or upon a little isolated garrison, is
vividly illustrated by the two following extracts.
The first from the Charleston Mercury of thpOth
of January, 1861, and thu second from a letter to
the Tribune, written in Charleston on the 20th of
"The expulsion of the Steamer Star of the West
from Charleston harbor yesterday -morning was
the opening of the revolufion We would not
exchange or recall that blow for millions
The haughty echo of her cannonlias ere this re
verberated from Maine to Texas, through every
hamlet of the North, and • down along the great
waters of the South-west. And though greasy
and treacherous ruffians may cry on the dogs of
war, and traitorous politicians may lend their aid •
in deceptions, South Carolina will stand under
her own palmetto-tree, unterrified by the snarl
ing growls or the assaults of the one, undeceived
or deterred by the wily machinations of the other.
And if that red 'sea of blood be still lacking to the
parchment of our liberties, and. blood they want,
blood they shall have, and lood enough to stamp
hall in red. For, by the God of our fathers.. fhe
sail of South Carolina shall be tree !"
So wrote men who were ready and eager to
smother in blood a' Government which they did
not pretend had ever harmed them, and which
they had absolutely controlled. Four years pass.
One by one their hopes diappear. And now
amidst the desertion, according to Gov. Vance, of
half their army, amidst the imprecations and cries
of the Richmond journals that their leaders shall
not flee by the mere wind of Sherman's thunder
ing march, Charleston. falls without a blow, and
the crazy city that eauseleisly defied a Govern
ment as strong as it is benign, is Thus described :
"The wharves looked as if they had been de
serted for half-a century—broketi down, dflapida:
ted, grass and moss peeping up between the pave
ments, where once the buoy feet of commerce
trode incessantly. The warehouses near the river;
the streets as we enter theM; the houses and the
public buildings—we look at 'them Mid hold our
breath in utter aintizeinent No pen, no pencil,
no tongue, ran do justice to the scene. No ima
gination can conceive of the utter wreck; the nni-'
versal ruin, the stupendous desolation._ Ruin—
ruin—ruin—above and below • on the right and
left ; ruin, ruin, ruin, everywhere and always—
staring at us from every. paneless windoW; look
ing out at no -from every shell-torn wall; glaring
at us from every battered door and pillar and ve
randah ; crouching beneath our feet on every side- ,
walk. Not Pompeii, nor Herculaneum, nor
Thebes, nor the Nile, have ruins so complete, Se
saddening', so plaintively eloquent, for they-speak
to us of an age not ours, and long ago dead, with
Whose people and life and ideas we have no sym
pathy whatever. But here, on these shattered
wrecks' of houses—built in our own style, many
of them doing credit to the architecture of our
own epoch—we read names familiar to'all ; tell
ing us of trades and prok.sions and commercial
institutions which every modern city reckons tip
by the hundred; yet dead, dead„dead ; us silent
as the silent grave of the Pharoahs, as deserted as
the bazars of the merchant princes of Old Tyre."
MENTtoN has heretofore been made of a monu
ment designed to commemorate the signing ofthe
Declaration of Emancipation, by Mills, and to be
paid fui by subscriptions, a committee in Wash
ington having the enterprise in charge. The fol
lowing is the description by the artist:
It is proposed that the pedestal be of marble
and figures bronze. The wholtructure to - be
forty feet, surmounted by twenty-five life-size fig
ures. Its construction triangular; the base of
which admits three groups, rtTresentinkslavery.
The first (to the presents slavery in its ob.
ject state:- Here we behold the nude slave, de
prived of all which tends to elate the heart with
any spirit of pride, or independence, galled by the
yoke of slavery. The second represents a less
abject stage. The slave here is partly clad, more
enlightened, and hence, realizing his bondage,
startled with a love of freedom. The third (be
hind) is the ransomed slave-redeemed from bond
age byhe blood of Liberty, who having struck
off his shackles, bolds them triumphantly aloft.
The slave is pictured gratefully, bowing at her
feet. Between these groups are three bus re
liefs. The first represents the firing on Fort
Sumpter. The other two present the Senate and
House amending the Constitution.
" The second shlry represents the members of
the Cabinet in a council, as though in consulta
tion. Bates Where pictured desponding; while
Seward points toward Europe, as though explain
ing the importance of the act.
" The crowning figure is the President in the
act of signing the Proclamation. At his feet are
Liberty and Justice, while behind him stands an
angel holding up the hour-glass, missioned, as it
were, from heaven."
Tneirebels in Richmond observed the first of
ApriLas moving day. Grant, true to his habit,
having first moved on .their works, we suspect
they could not help it, • Jeff. Davis moved among
the rest. Thereby he showed himself to be like
othermen, the creature of. circumstances and
child of misery.. He went in a hurry, his " kit "
hastily packed, a fugitive from one side of the
Capital as the negro troops entered the other.
It was only a few days since that the rebel
sured the world that Richmond would be defended
by negro troops, whereas it was taken by them—a
slight - difference. It is scarcely probable that
Jeff. was jolly over the suddeti turn things took.
Precisely where be will turn up is uncertain.' He
will probably keep moving- for some time yet,
and so „will Grant, who is terribly in - earnest.
The west humane can wish nothing less merciful
for Jeff. than that he may fall into the hands of
our men he has starved and tortured in rebel
prisons. We doubt not. he would be invited to
a short ride to the tune of:
"Rattle his brines over the stones,
Ile'sitotlting but a pauper that nobody owns!"
That would indeed be a moving spectacle to be
THE New York Commercial, with perfect truth
says: " It is a sounie of satisfaction to kilOW that
thnq, , reat success has been individually vouch
safed to our Lieutenant GeneraL For months
he has been content to remain almost in obscurity
ou the James, while his subordinates have gather
ed the latirelit of victory. But the gifted warrior
who "planned And labored in silence with an unsel,
fish , devotion - abd patriotism, at length has his
reward, and on_the anniversary day of his assu
ming command of the Virginia armies, witnesses
the culmination of his hopes. 7
At; exchzinge says that the rebel Congeal; found
it easy enough to suspend the writ of habeas cor
pus. but - it -could do nothing to suspend the march