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Wedneadai, February S, 11965.
A. NATIO DUMMWEIALLED.
At last the Nation is disenthralled from
its crowning crime. SloserYt the fruitful
parent'Of all the staggering woes of the
Republio—the deadly foe of the very ge-
nine of our free institutions, and the au
thor of the bloody fraternal conflict that
.'has crimsoned our fair fields by the most
smiling sacrifices, has,- in the fulness of
His time, fallen ueneath the retributive
• stroke of Justice, and before the close of
the year, it is morally certain that the last
stain of Human Bon6ge will be erased
from our National escutcheon.
Elsewhereiin to-day's paper we give the
details of the passage by -Congress of a
-resolution proposing an amendment to the
Constitution of the United States abolish
ing SlaVery in the several States and all
the territory within the jurisdiction of the
government. It passed the Senate months
ago, but failed to secure the requisite two
thirds in the Popular branch. Since then
the people have solemnly decided in a
great civil struggle that Shivery should
not survive the fearful conflict it so wick
edly inaugurated, and the same Congress
` that rejected this proposed amendment in
1864, bows to the expressed will of the
Nation, and now has adopted it 'amidSithe
'earnest applaudita of the people of the
To make it'a part of the organic law, it
must be ratified by three fourths of all
-the States of the Union. Already quite a
number have done so, among the first of
which was the approving voice of our own
mighty Commonwealth, and we cannot
doubt that before the close of the year,
and it may be before many months, the_
action of Congress at once and forever
abolishing Slavery will be ratified with all
the ceremony of law, and the great Re
public of the Earth will be, in fact as in
theory, the faithful exponent of Human
—The success of this measure in Con
gress was due to a number of Democrats
who have disregarded the behests of party
to preserve the life of the Republic.—
Among these the name of Gen. A. H. Cof
froth is found, and his - vote is severely
criticised by his former friends. We could
not refrain from exposing the folly of Gen.
Coffroth's speech against the success of
this amendment delivered during the last
session, and if in our aninnuiversions
thereon we have contributed to the ell nnge,
we have done the General a kindness of
no common magnitude. It is freely alleg
' ed that Gen. Coffroth cast the vote in
--question with the hope of thereby secur
ing his seat as against -Gen. Koontz ; but
we cannot sanction such an imputation
against the integriV of our Democratic
Representative. General Coffroth is not
electerf - to the-next Congress, and he knows
it, as does every Union member of Con
gress who knows anything on the subject,
and inasmuclias we feel assured that the
Union Congressmen would not be a party
to any each disreputable' compact, we re
• Bard it as most unfair to Gen. Coffroth to
allege that he was so influenced in .his of- ,
field acts. 'it is enough for tirs to know:
that Gen. Coffroth has cast a most right
eous vote, and in the absence of 'a palpa
bly manifest dishonorable motive, he is .
• entitled to full credit for it. He will soon
retire front official position, in obedient)
to the voice of the people of his district,
and when the cluirges of the unscrupulous
men who but recently sustained him have'
been forgotten, he will live in history as
one of the men -who aided in consumma
ting the greatest moral victory achieved
in the history of Nations.
Since the skies of our national horizon
are beginning to look bright, and the dark
and threatening clouds of war disappear
ing, the question is often asked, what
shall be done with the, freedmen ? We
confess the question easier asked than an
swered, yet it may be never so difficult,
it must be answered, and that too, in a
way becoming a free intelligent and chris
tian people. Whilst the war lasts, but
one duty remains, that is, to keep up our
armies to their full complement, and sup
ply them with every thing necessary to
prosecute the war vigorously and success
'fully. - We have Generals the ablest and
bravest in the world, and who have the
full confidence of the people. The last
election was but a warrant to them from
the people to nee all means necessary to
suppress the rebellion, and conquer a last
and permanent peace. This they are
doing as fast as the most sanguine could
ask. Victory everywhere perches proudly
upon our bunt and as the southern
traitors axe yiel • and our armies march
ing unmolestet . lt °ugh their borders; the
civil authorities are taestly seekindterms'
of compromise and pel(4e honorable to
themselves if possible. Whilst the affitirs
in the field stand so favorable, we find
nearly one million of freedmen, and the
number daily increasing, fu!cessble to the
people of the loyal States, Theylars t .ig.
norant, stupid in many cases, ai t ig'i a t— as i ve
recipients of the first influences which
strike them.. The transition from slavery
to freedmen has doubtless jostled their
minds a little, and developed new hope s
and desires, and prepared them to hear
and ;think 46, they never could before.—
The proper instruction will elevate them
rapidly 7 -strong infidence will make them
mac ork,aiiihie than they were before
emancipation.. If we de not carry them
light, truth. Strength and' courage, they
will inevitably sink under the flood tide
of vices - which fellawan army: Aniruse-
fulness has been fairly tesfed, they have
entered the, ranks. have f ihown"good ca
pacity acquirilo4-wwledge-sufficient to
make good soldiers. and at Fort Wagner,
iga front of Petersburg and elsewhere, they
have shownthemselves Niue to the best
-soldiers, No one Who speaks dispassion
ately upon the subject will say that they
will not make courageous and available
soldiers, They have on more than one
occasion received the commendation of
their Generals for valuable and efficient
That they make good meclianici is fair
ly proven by the fact, that many of them
are such, even in the degraded condition
of Slavery. They are found in almost
every one of the rougher trades, and skill
ed equal to any even of our own race, who
labor in the same occupations. In many
parts of the South, it was no unusual thing
for planters, to have all the necessary me
chanics among his slaves, and the slaves
were valued according to their skill in
whatever trade they were taught. They
are proverbial for their powers .of imita
tion. They are as a general thing fond of
music and acquire it easily, and wags
where they have the least opollunity
become excellent performers. We find
even some without the adVantages of in
struction, or much 'opportunity for prac
tice become quite proficient.- .
But we need not stop here, we find them
entering the learned and honorable pro
fessions. We have them in the ministry,
and doing much honor to the profession.
We have them in the profession of medi
cine, editing newspapers, and but a few
days since on motion of Hon. Charles
Sumner, one Brooks was admitted to prac
tice law in the Supreme court of the Uni
ted States. This man Ifrooks is admitted
to be gifted with extraordinary intellect
ual powers, and although young in years.
stands at the head of the profession he
has chosen for himself
What then shall be done with the freed
men I Shall we allow them to look out
for themselves andprovide - for their wants
as best the can 7 Shall we keep open our
stables and employ them as ostlers, use
them as waiters at our dining-tables, ser
vants anywhere and everywhere f Or
shall we colonize them and send them to
some other tart of the globe, as 'an infe
rior and useless race. No, none of these.
There is a higher duty required of us, and
our own na`tional salvation deniands it.
We must come their help, and pour in
upon them the ins imtion of a higher and
better life'; they must be taught to read' :
and write, under/ the tuition of religious
teachers, and in is way, they will be ele
vated very rapidly and tnjoy the bless
' ings of liberty.
We are bound by many considerations
to come to their, help. They are a phrt
of our fallen race, and from this part, we
are required by the spirit and aim of the
religion we profess. to save all the lost
that is possible. They have been degra
ded and oppressed by our nation, and we
have for years denounced the institution
that . botind them to the earth. We there
fore owe them more than, common benev
olence to amend for the injury we have
done them. If we therefore at once fit
them for the positionOf 'freemen ; if they
are madeintelligent, virtuous. industrious,
they will prove a great blessing to them
selves and the nation, but if they are left
in ignorance, the 'Victims of loose and vile
men, they will prove a curse to them
selves and oar country.
In many parts of the country societies
are organized for the purpose of raising
funds to send teaches among theta. This
is a step in the right direction. Let the
right kind of teaches be sent, and plenty
of them, and it will not be long until a
new era shall dawn upon ouacountry, and
wt.can truthfully say, that our country
is," the land of the free" "and the home
of the brave." If history be true, our
own race were as,degraded intellectually
when the Romans invaded Britain,. as
ever the African race was, yet by moral
and intellectual training, it has titirpa.ssed
all others, and now stands the Most pow
erful and enlightened race upon the face
of the earth. -
What may be done with the African
race in thefature we cannot tell. We know
they have capacity, and thisi being the
land of their birth, our duty is with the
present. That they have giants among
them even in their degraded condition
does`not admit of a doubt. In till's broad
land of oar's, under the blessings of 'bur
Government, they can be mad'e useful to
themselves. the country and •posterity.
Let it the effort be fairly made.
THE TEMPER OF THE ♦OATH
Never in the history of the world has a
civil war been conducted in which either
Of the belligerents has manifested as little
rancor and bitterness as the North has ex
hibited in the present struggle. To main
tain its existence the Government has gi
ven over to death thousands of its noblest
sons. and burdened itself with an 'oppress
sive debt, yet the heart of the people has
not been embittered, has no revengeful
feelings to gratify, but still beats kindly
towards those who. in,their madness and
folly, have caused the fearful sacrifice of
blood and treasure. Although in attempt
ing to subvert the Government, the peo
ple of the insurgent states have been guil
ty of the greatest offence known to the,
law, the punishment of which, the world'
over, is forfeiture of life and property, and
although'in their desperate struggle to
effect their wicked purposes they have
brought bereavement and affliction to al
most every household in th 4 land; yet the
Nation to-day stands ready to welcome
them back and to restore to them the
forfeited rights of life and citizenship.
Our people entered inta.this struggle with
no feelings of personal or individnalhos
tility, and are as free from them to day as
when theiwar began. While we were yet
rejoicing Over the triumph of our arms;
vessels laffened with the bounty of dm
North were entering the port of Savannah
to relieve its famished inhabitants. This
noble charity to the starving of that city,
was the fruit of the Bann spirit flint mpelled
*people of the North, in the days of peace
and Union. to stand between death and
the people of Norfolk, The absence opal
vindictive feelhig an our part - ispeeuli,
- . a
ality: - ..0f this struggle, which in history will.
be accepted as the noble character-
of our civilization:and which now gives
the assurance that. when activehmttilities
cease. we will not hare a Union of discor-'
dant elements; but a Union existing in the
amity and 'good will of the people.
THE peace interview between the President'
and Secretary Seward - nd the rebel commission
,ers, off Fortres.s , Monroe, resulted in nothing.
The conference occupied four hours. The Presi
dent and Mr.'Seward returned to Watiugton on
Saturday. Some reports about the interview be
tween the President and rebel commissioners are
published. The President is said to have stated
that he should continue the war to compel obedi
ence to the Constitution, on the basis of union.
The commissioners returned knowing that over
tures Must now come from them. No agreement
was made. The war will be pushed with new
BOTH Houses of Congress have decided that the
votes of eleven States—Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia Florida, Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Tennessee—shall
not be counted in the vote for President and Vice
President. This decision is based on the ground
that these States were not in a condition to vote
on th..).Bth of November
Gov.)lAitN, of Lonisinuna, has issued' a proc
lamation congratulating the people of Missouri
and Tennessee on the adoption of the ordinances
abolishing Slavery in those States, and appointing
the 34th inst. as a holiday in honor of these events.
Passage of the Amendment to the Coto
stltution Albollghing Slavery—Another
Tragedy—A Man Shot by aAVonzan—
Robert Lincoln to Enter the Army as
an Aid•to Gen. Grant—The Peace Quiet+.
Correepondenee of the Franklin Repository.
WASIIINGTON CITY, Feb. 2, 1665.
Slavery in the United States is dOomed. The
proposed amendment to the Constitution has
passed both houses of Congress. In April last it
passed the Senate by a vote of At to 6. In June
a vote was taken in thP House—yeas 95, nays 64
—and not sect+, Mg a two-third vote in the affir
mative , was lost. Mr. Ashley moved for a rt. , '
consideration of the vote, and ever since the Cop:
Perheads have fought most bitterly to have it laid
un the table, but without avail. On Tuesday a
vote w as taken and the amendment carried, seas
119, nays 56, three more votes in its favor than
was required.- Several members, all Democrats,
dodged a final vote.. The Illinois and Indiana
Democrats voted solidly against it. Only one
Democrat front Ohio voted aye; the rest thillged
or voted nay. From Pennsylvania Bailey, C(4-
ioth and M'Allister were the only 3 out 1:1 Dem
eratsvotiug in favor. New York gave 7 out of 17.
The first Democratic vote cast in its favor was by
John Gaunt', who, when his name was called,
replied promptly "aye." This settled the ques
tion, which until then wan considered doubtful,
and applause wass-given, wlkich was suppressed.
but renewed whenever an " aye" wasest by a
Democrat. When the final vote was announced
the scene that followed was of such a character
as was nevet before wittimased in the American
Congress, and beggars description. On the floor
the representatives cheered, stamped and clapped .
their hands, in which they were joined by Sena
tors, Judges of the Supreme Court and other dis
tinguished iwrsons called there to witness the
vote. In the galleries the men threw up their
huts and cried huiza at the top of their voices.
Women waited their handkerchiefs and joined in
shouting.. The'tumult of joy that broke forth
was so vast, thundering and uncontrolable that
, no ewort was made to stay it, even by the Cop
lierhead side orthe House.
The Democrats voting for itsvere Joseph BM ,
ly, Penna.; A. H. Coffroth, Penna."; A. McAlister,
Penna.; Augustus Baldwin, Mich.; James E. En
glish, Conn.; John Ganson, N. Y.; John A. Gris
wold, N. Y.; Anson - Herrick, N. Y.; Homer A..
N. Y.; Moses - F. Odell, N. Y.; Wm.
Radford. N. Y.; John B. Steel. N. Y.; Wells A.
Hutchins, Ohio ; .Tames S. Rollins, Mo.; Ezra
Another of those dreadful tragedies for which
this city has been comet; hat noted, occurred last
Monday. A 'young lady named Mary Harris, of
&Islington, ToWa, very prepossessing in appear
ance, and lady like in - manner, shot dead a young
man named Burroughs, a clerk in the Treasury
Department. The deed was done about 4 o'-
clock, P. M., in one of the main halls of the
Treasury building. Miss Harris used a four bar
, reed revolver, and fired two shots at her victim.
The cause of the deed as yet remains shrouded in
mystery, save what little cad be gleaned from
Miss Harris herself, - which, in quite unsatisfactory
and indeed very improbably. She states that
there has never been any improper mtimacrbe
tween herself and Mr. Burroughs, This she re
iteratp on all occasions since the homicide. ' She
states that when yet a child, Burroughs was a
vititor ut her fathers, and that she used to sit on
his lap in presence of her parents, and that he,
had always taken greatiuterest in her. As she
grey up his attentions became more those of a
suitor, which her parents opposed, because he
oils rich, she poor. He a Protestant and she a
Catholic. She says he frequently asked her to
marry him, which she refused on account of her
age, mid the wish of her parents. Still he
always protested his ardent affection and deter
mination to make her his wife.
They corresponded together after Burroughs
had left Burlington and gone to Chicago. Some
two years ago, at the request or a Miss Devlin,
a friend of Mr. Burroughs, she went to Chicago,
where she saw Mr. Burroughs. After that there
rises 0 heap of mystery about anonymous notes,
which she believed were o ritten by Mr. Bur
roughs to meet her ire a notorious house in Chi..
eago. On account of these notes she says she felt
the most intense anxiety to be fully satisfied, as
to whether he whom she had so loved and who
Ind so protested his love for her could be guilty
of such baseness. Then she determined to pros
ecute him for breach of promise, and shortly after,
some years ago, she learned that he was married
to a young lady and had gone to Washington to
live. In the mean while she was disowned by
her parents, and her old friends and acquaintan s
ces would bare nothing to do with her, because
she was ItUelpeetld to have bad improper relations .,
with Burroughs, which was never so, So benf
on vindicating her eharacier, she:resolved to mane
On to Washington and bring suit against Bur
roughs. 1.11 Chicago she bought the - revolver.
Atter her arrival here she became frantic to see
him, and disguising herself in a '-'Nubia" anti
Went to the Trea'sury. The rest 1 give in her
own language :
"When I wad into the Trenifury building yes
terday morning 1 inquired for the room in which
Mr. Burieughs Was, and having learnsl that,
walked up and down the hall for someliroe.—
(Mee I went to the dour of the room, Opened it a
few inches, and saw him at his desk. The mo
ment I looked at him, sitting there so comforta
bly, the thought of all I had suffered, and of his
being the cause, enraged me, and my hard invol
untarily pulled back the trigger of the pistol in
my pocket. I closed the door, and, stepping
away, moved about again, I know not how or
where, except that I kept my eye on his room
until the men began to eorne ont of their rooms.
Then I placed myself where I knew ho would
have to eoine near um in going to the staircase.
When he appeared, I felt suddenly lifted up;
my arm was extended as stiff as iron, and I saw
him fall- I know nothing gore until I was called
tack as i Was' leaving the building."
tip franklin itbambrtsbuts, ,pa
On the other 'side the friends of Mr. ButT,oughs
state, that- 13uirouglis alwayi told Mki:Harria
that he Could net reciprocate her attachment and
could net marry her, and. that he . notified her of
his intended marriage. and that after his marriage,
himself and bride called upon Miss Harris. His
iTielids claim hiiu US a gentleman of unblemished
and lie was a regular atter' ,
dant of the Baptist church, and always spoke in
high terms of Miss Harris as a friend. We have
known him for somtime and always-looked upon
him as a real gentleman.
The trial will noi take place before March.
Since Miss Zuni; has been imprisoledshe.haa
been called upf.M by Senatois, Representatives,
and other distinguished persons, male and'female,
by the hundred; all of whom- take great interest
in her welfare.
Robert Lincoln,-son of the President, who ie•
now in New Yhrk, will upon his, return to this
city enter the u'rtny'as a volniiteer :iid on the.staff
of Gen. Grant, 't% MI the rank of Captain, without
Every breath of air we breathe seems freighted
with rumors of peace. When old Mr. Blair re
turned, we were given to understand that he t . e•
turned with a. flea in his ear, and everybody
breathed freely until within the last tew days,
when news reached us that Vice President Ste-,
plms, with several others, had applied for leave
to come through our lines. - Then people again
wondered, and waen Secretary Seward left the
city to meet them, people became amazed, and to
cap the climax and astonish them all, Old Abe
himself ordered a special train to Annapolis, and
a boat from thence to Fortress Monroe to meet
the comudisioaen, at which 'pace they arrived
last evening. God knows the people are all ani
ions ter peace, and if honorable-24f the rebels vil
lay don n theit r arms, notwithstanding the immense
slaughter—then- will :Wept it and.say Moen.
COMMENCEMENT OF A NEW ERA!
DEATH OF 'SLAVERY:
E CONSTITETIONAL AIENDIENT ADOPTED
GRANDEST ACT SINCE THE DECLARATION OF
Smhtl Dispateli to the New York Trilnme.
WAstlnGraN,-,,Tantialy 31, 1e65.
The hoar bait come! The proptised Amendment
to the Constitution immediately - abolishing and
forever prohibiting Slavery comes up forfinarde--
eision. An anxious throngofwitneAes - pourainto
the galleries ; there is an air of confidence rising
almost to exaltation on the Uniim side, while a.
Sullen gloom settles over the pro.Slavei benches.
Archibald McAllister, Dem., of the XVIIIth
Pennsylvania District, reads a beautiful papers ill
which ho justifieslis change of vote, and casts
his ballot against the corher-stone of the Rebellion..
Alexander 1-1, Coffroth, Deus., 'of Pennsylvania,
- XVlth District-, follows in an unanswerable and
manly argument, to show the power to amend
and the policy to, amend. Applause on theßeptils.
limn side greeted these new. accessions to Free-
12:35.—Willitim H. Miller Pennsylvania,.
XlVth District, (who was beaien• at the last
election by Geo. F. Miller, Union,) espouses 'pro-
Slavery Democracy, and insists.ou keeping his
party foot on the niggers.
The galleries are getting crowded, the floor of
the house filling up...
Anson Herrick, Dem.; lXth District Of New-
York, next gives , frknk and statesmanlike`reasons
why he heat Charl ' iettlati views. and shall chanp
In the midst of the @pealing, and that buzzing
which always characterizes a critical vote upon
a great question, it is whispered that three Rebel
Peace CommiLsioners, Stevens, Hunter and Camp
bell, nit , on their way here—that they were at
City Point last night A feW believe, hut. most
people say "gold gamblers' news." -
Y. stir-The crowd increases. Senators;
Heads of Bureaus. prominent civilians and distin
guished strangers, fill the spaces outside of the
The interest beeoines intense. The disruption
of the Democratic party now going on is watched
with satisfaction and joy upon the Republican
side of the House; anxiety and gloom cover the
obstinate body-guard of Slavery, whose contract
ing lines break with the breaking up of their party.
James S. Brown, Dem., of Wisconsin; spitefully
indicates his intention to vote against freedom.
Aaron Harding, of Kentucky, a " Border State
Unionist," bless the mark! makes a melancholy
effort to poke, fun at young Democratic converts,
<and rams the struggling nigger back• under the
protection of the sacred Constitution.
Martin Kalbfleisch, Dem., of Brooklyn, reads
a long pro-slavery composition, which excites lit
tle attention and no interest.
3 P. 34.—The hour for voting has arrived, and
the fact is announced by the Speaker. Mr. Kalb
fleisch is only, at the &2d page of his composition,
,and begs to be endured through six pages more.
This request is granted, with much reluctance.
The galleries are wonderfully crowded, and wo
men are invading the reporters' seats. The Su
preme Court and the Senate appear to have been
transferred bodily to the floor of the House.
3:20 P. M.—A motion to lay the motion to re
consider on the table assumes the character of a
test vote. The most earnest attention 'is given to
the callinof, the roll. Division lists appeaf on nil
sides, and members, reporters and spectators de
vote themselves to keeping tally.
Of course the attempt to table the amendment
will fail; but there are not votes enough to pass the
bill. Absentees drdp in; one "aye," one "no."
The roll is called over by the Reuling Clerk, but
the count has already been declared in whispers
through the House-57 ayes, 111, noes. It Is not
3:30 P. M.—Question is token now onthe nio•
tioii to re•consider the vote pf Mat session by which
the pmpused atuetOrnent lac hist for want of two ,
third's. ...The - Hour vote to reconsider, ayes 112,
nays 57. •
Now confilienee efforts to stave• off the fi'hal
vote. Robert Mallory (Dent) of Ky., with a
faunaee as to What course he should decide to
pursue, appeals to Mr. Ashley to let the vote go
over till to-morrow. Other Democrats clamor
fur this delay.
Mr. Asfily refuses and stands firm, this being
the accepted time and the day of saltation.
The final vote begins. Down the. roll we go to
James E. English (Dem.) of Conu, who votes
"aye." A bUrst of applause greets this unex
pected result, and the interest becomes thrilling.
The Speakerls hammer fulls heavily, and restores
Clerk.—" John Hanson." "Aye." Applause
again, rpppssed again by the Speaker. Angry
calls among the Democrats and great irritation
Clerk.—"Welle A-, Hutchins." "Aye." A ear
of astonishment in the reporters' gallery.
"William , Bradford." "Aye." A movement
of satisfaction, all over the House.
" John 11, Steele." " Aye." Wonder and
pleasnre are Manifested.
"Dwight townseMl." "Ah, if Harry
Stebbins lid!been well enough to stay that vote
had not bee 4 given," said a Senator.
Clerk—" fichuyler Colfax." "Aye."
The voting is done. Swift pencils run up - She
diCision " One , hundred and - nineteen `tii
tittpsi.v . Seal more than
The Clerk whispeis the resul' t to ther.Speaker,
The Speaker . announces to 214 House that ike
anaienee quickly interpreted to be THE. MIGIfTY
rAcT, TiIAT THE XXXVITITii AMERICA.N CON
GRESS HAD Atli:1,1180ED AMF.RICAN SLAVERS.
This tumult of joy that broke out was vast, thun
dering and uncontrollable. Bepresentatives and
Auditorti oft the floor,soldiers and spectators in the
gallery, Senators 'artil Supreme Court Judges,
women and gaga, gave way to the excitement of
- the most august - and important event in Ameriban
Legislation and American Bisfor• since the De
claration of Independence.
God Bless tgeI.XXVIIIth Congress !
The work done in securing the passage of this
bill has been.ituniense. It has taken the hiluir of
an entire month, night and day, to secure the
majority which to-day so delighted the friends of
freedom and of, humanity, and so astounded the
allies of Slavery.
To two Republicans in particular does the, tui
tion owe a debt of gratitude—to James M. Ash
ley, of Toledo, Ohio and Augustus Frank, of
Warsaw, N. They held the laboring oars. -
The Democrats were, sure of defeating ithe
measure,byja large majority 'up to this noon I in
deed, tIW - y felt•sure of it up to the final voting.
The Republicans were- - not sure of succesii till
last night. , -
Three batteries of regular artillery hate just
'saluted the grand result with a hundred guns,
in the heart of the city:
The following is the vote in detail on the final
plts4lige of the reffolutioro , ,—Democrats voting for
the ltmeudment in italics. All the nays were east
by Deinoeruts :
• :mss' -;
Alll4m, lowa. ling, Mo.
..kaleil', Mash, ' Knox, M.
Anderxon, Ky. , . Littlejohn, N. Y.
Arnold, 111. . Loan, Ale.
AKllley, Ohio: - i longyear, Mich.
Bailey, Pa. • . Marvin, N. S .
Baldwin A. C., Mich. • Ne...lllistir, Pa.
Baldwin J. D., Mass. Mcßride, OregoiL
Baxter, Vt. .MeClurg, Mo.
iteinnan, Mich, 3lclndoe. Wis.
Blaine, Sle. ' . Miller, N. Y.- ,
Blair, W. IN Moorhead, Pa.
Blow, Mo. • ' Morrill, Vt. , '
Boutwell, Mass. ' , Morrii, N. Y.
Boyd, Mo._ , . Myers A., Pa. '
Bttndegee, Conn. ' Myers L., Pa: . '
- Broollini, Pa. Nelson, N. Y.
Brow'. W. Va. Norton, 11l .
Clark.A. W., N. Y. Odell, -N. Y.
Clarke Freeman, N. -Y. O'Neill, Pa.
Cobb, Wis. . Orth, Ind. ,
Goliath, Pa. _ Patterson, N.H. i
Colfax, Ind. - Perham, Me. . '
Cole, Cal, ' -; - Pike,-.Me.
Cnaswell, Md... Pomeroy, N. Y. , '
Davis H. W., did. Price, lowa. Y.
Davis I. T., - N.A. - Radfprd, N. Y. •
Dawes, Mass. Randall, Ky. '
-Deming, Conn. Rice A.. IL, Mass. ..
Dixon, R. I. I , Rice J. H:, Me. ~
Donnelly, Minn. - Rollins E. IL; N. IL
Drigga, Mich. - - - Rollins .f: 84.51 o;
Dumont, Ind. z Schenck; OW.
Eckley,Ohio. . Schofield, Pa. ,
Eliot, Mass, ' Shannon, Cal.l
English, Conn. '- . Sloan, Wis.
Farnsworth, la. , Smith, Ky. .
Frank, N. Y. - Smither*, Del. -
Ganion; N. Y. - Spaulding, Ohio.
'Garfield, Ohio, Starr, N. J. -',
Gooch, - Mass. Steele; N. Y. ; 4
Grinnell, lowa. Stevens, Pa. -
Griswold, N. Y. . Thayer, Pa. •
,Hale, Pa. `, Thomas, Md. -
'Herrick, N. Y. Tracy, Pa.
Higby, Cal.- TJpson, Mich. .
Hooper, Masi: ' Van Valkenburgh, N. Y.
Hotchkiss, N. Y. - Washburn, EL '
Hubbard A. W.,
lowa. -Washburn, Mass. -,
Hubbard J. H., Conn. Webster, MAL
Hurlburd, N. Y. Whaley, West Va.'
~ • Wheeler, Wis. 4,
Ingersoll; 111. Williauis, Pa. - :- -
Jeackes;R: I. ' Wilder, Kansas.
Julian, Eid. ' Wilson, Riwa. '
Mason, town. . Windom, Wum. , '
Kelley, Pa. . Woodbridge; Vt.
I ' Ot h irgri. l kl 34 . ielk T r eTut hingt 4" Ntw l da.
Ana J. c.; - 111. Law, Ind.
Allen J. W., IIL , • Long, Ohio.
Ancona, Pa. _ ' Mallory, Ky. •
Bliss, Ohio.' Miller W. H., Pa. ; ;
Brooks, N. Y. ~ Morris J. R., Ohio.
Brown:J. S., iVia. Morrison, 111. , 1
Chanler, N. Y. Noble, Ohio. '
-Clay; Ky. O'Neill,-Ohio. ,
Cox, Ohio. ' . Pendleton, Ohio.
Cravens, Ind: Perry, N.J., i
Dawson, Pa. ' Prnyn, N. Y. • i
Dennison, Pa. ' Randall S. J-, Pa: ' f
Eden, 111. ' Robinson, 111.
Edgerton, Ina. - Ross, 111
Eldridge, WIS. , Scott, Mo.
Flock, Ohio. Steele W: G., N. J.
Grider,Ry. . Stiles, Pa.
Hall, Mo. Strouse, Pa.
Hirding, Ky. , Stuart, 111.
Harrington, Ind. • ' Sweat, Me.
Hairis B. G., Md. :' Townsend, N. Y.
Harris C. M.JII, • Wadsworth, Ky.
Holman, Ind. , Ward, N. Y.
Johnson P., Pa. White - C. A. - , Ohio
Johnson W., Ohio. .White J. W., Ohio.
Kalbflelich,_N. Y.- Whifield, N. Y. _
Keratin; N. Y. Wood Ben., N. T.
Knapp, 111. - Wood F., N. Y.
Lazear, Pa. McKinney, Ohiii. ,
Le Blond, Ohio. . Middleton, N. J. •
Marcy, N. H. Rogers, N. J.
Mcllowell,..ind. Voorhees, Ind. ' •
Total present - . IEI3
For amendment.. _4- 119
Against amendment'- 56
Not Voting :. 8
Two.thirds of the Whole House.... ...... .. 1.22
HISTORY OF THE MOVEMENT
The important movement looking to the aboli
tion of slavery having been passed by both houses,
we lay befdre our readers a full history of the
resolution and the proposed amendment to the
The action of Congress has been taken under
'the fifth article of the constitution, which pro
vides for its amendment Such a measure as
that which has now passed could, by the•provi
mons of the article referred to, originate, in 'either
of the two houses, or in the Legislatures of thd
States ; but either party originating must submit
it to the other.' Congress may, on application of
the Legislatures of two-thirdtNif all the States
call a convention for proposing amendment's, or
it may of itself , originate amendments by a two
thirds'vote of both houses. Congress has chosen
to originate the measure, and it is now to be sub
mitted to the Legislatures. , If ratified by a ma
jority of the Legislatures or called conventions of
three-fourths of 'the Statei, the measure now
adopted in congress, becoMes a part of the con
stitution, and is valid as such in every State of
the Union. The proposed amendment, 41a - it
passed the House; originated in the Sdaate,early
in the hist session, and is as follows
Be it resolved by...the Santo and House of Rep
resentatives of the: Inited States .of America, in
Congress assembled, ' two-thirds of both Houses
concurring, that the following article be proposed
to the Legislatures of the several States as an
amendment to the constitution of the United
States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of
said, Legislatures, shall be vailid to all intents and
purposes as a part of the said constitution, name.
SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary
servitude, except as a pittushment for crime,
whereof the party shall haye beet: duly convicted,"
shall exist within the Unite&States or any plaee
subject to their jurisdiction.
SearioN 2. Congress shall have power to . en
forctythis article brappropriate
After a lengthy debate in the Senate it mine to
a vote on Friday, April . 8, ~ ,1t3t14, and was adopted
by kyote of thirty.eight t.t.l, six, as followkt-7
Anthony, R., of R. I. ' Doolittle, R„ of WIC:
Brown, R., of Mo, ' Festenden, IL, of Me::
Chandler, R., of Mich. Foot, R,, of Vt.
Clark, R., of N. H. Foster, R_ ,„of Conn.
Collamer, R., of Vt , Grime, R., of lowa.
Conneas, R., of Cal. Hale, R., of N. H.
Cowan, R., of Pa.- Harding, R., of Ortigon.
Dixon, R., of Conn. Harlan. R., of Town.
Harris, IL, of R. Y. Ramsey - , R,,- - ot llfmn
Henderson, -- R.; - ifif Mo. SheiTrian,'lL„.. 61,0610,
Howard, IL, of Mich. - Sprague; R., of:R:l—r
Hone, IL, of Sumner, IL, ntMasi.
Johnson, 0., of MiL ,Ten Rink R.;"OIN1J.
Lane. R., of Ind. - Trumbull, R.;ofIIL -
Lane, R., of Kansas. Van Winkle, R., of Va
Morgan, R.. of N.Y. Wade R., of Ohio
Merrill, IL, of Me. Wilkinson, R., of Va.
Nesmith,- 0.; of Oregon. Willey, R., of Va.
Pomeroy; R.-, of Kansas.Tilson, R., of Masi.
was'. - •
Doris, 0., of Ky. Powell; 0.,,0f
Dendricks,...;, - Riddle, of Del.
McDougall, ~ of Cal. Saulsbury, 0., of Del.
4 NOT VOTECG. F
Bowden, 04 of Va.l .Hieks, R., of Md.
Buekalew, 0., of Pa. Rielrardson, 0., of .111.
Carlile, 0., of Va. Wright,. 0., of N. J:
Total • • ' 50
For amendment "i• 38
Against ameudment. ' .6
TILE AMENDME:XT BEFORE TIIE. STATE Li:GIS
. LATURES. '
By the terms of the constitution the amend
ment, as adopted, now goes to the Legislatures of
the several States for ratification—a majoriti rote
in three-fourths being necetsur) to make 'it a law
oldie land. The whole Munber of States ig thirty
six. The number necessary to the adeptien of
the amendment is twenty-seven, being three
fourths of the whole. The,loyal States are as fol-
owe • i,
1. Arkansas. - 15.11.innesobi. ' .-
'2_ Connecticut. , 16. Misahuri. ~
3. California. * 17. New Ilampshire.
4. Delaware. IS. New Jersey.
s. Illinois. - 19. New York.,
6 Indiana. 20 Nevada.
, . .
7 . lo wa. . 21: Ohio.
8. Kansas. - . 22. Oregon _
9. Kentucky. 23: Pennsylvania.=
10. Louisiana. V: Rhode Island. 1
11. Blaine. ' - 25. Tennessee,
12. Massacliusets. 2.1. Vermont' I t -
EL Michigan. 27. West Virginia.
14. Mayyland. *23. Wisconsin.
The rebel slave Stites ore as follows:
1. Alabama. 5. North Caroliti,
2. Florida. 6. South Carolina,
3. Georgia. 7. Texas. I
4. Mississippi. 8. 'Virginia,
By -this table it will be seen thatnthe loyal States
control a sufficient number of votes, with one or
two to spare, to decide the fate of the measure
and abolish slavery. The present completion of
the Legislatures of all the States named Del loyal
tends to the opinion that the proposed amemiment
will saw becomeAs las t Many of the L'cgisla
tures of the States are at iwek.ent in session. i Spe—
cial sessions of the others may and douhtleSs will
be called to vote upon the matter, and is fiot at
sid improbable that by the time Mr. Lincoln is in
-augur:JUNl for his second term slavery will have
been remdarly and constitutionally abolished in the
United States. •
STATES RATIFYING THE AMENDMENT.
The thllowing State. Legislatures have already
ratified the amndrnent to the Coriatitution: -
Illinois. " West Virginia.
Rhode Island. . .New York.
Michigan. 'Massachusetts. 1
Pennsylvania. Maryland. • I
=Maj. Gen. Warren has resumed coundund of
his old corps.
—Gen. R. E. Lee has been made. Generatin
Chief of the rebel armies.
—Elihu Burritt, "the learned blacksmith," is
the United States Consul at Birmingham England.
—Hon. Gustavus A. Koerner, of Illinois,United
States Minister to Spain, has resigned his position.
—Philip Dougherty, Esq., one of the oldCst and
most respectable citizens of Harrisburg, died on
Thursday night last. 1
—J. S. Rock, a colored lawyer of. Boston, was
admitted to practice in the Supreme Court, of the
United States last week.
- --Gen. Meade has been confirmed as , Major : ,
General in the Regular Army, his commiss ion' 4arin t g frpirn the JBth of August last
Wartman 'E. Willey.has been rp•elee
terl United States Senator from West Virginia for
six years frofn the 4th of March next.
—Bprleigh, the Lake Erie raider, was deliver
ed to the U. S. Provost Marshal, - at Suspension
.Bridge, "New York. on Friday morning.
- —Robert Lincoln. eldest son of the President,
and familiarly known-as the "Prince of Etas,"
is about entering the army as one of - defiers]
—Hon Getirge 'Sanderson, late editor t i of the
Lancaster Intellig cheer, has been renominated by
the Democrats of Lancaster city as their !candi
date for Mayor. - • ,
—A correspondent of the Pittsburg Daily Ga
zette urges the Hon. Thos . . M. Howe, of that
city, as a proper person to be appointed gecreta
ry of the Treasury.
til i Norton, the Senatorelect froinkfm
nesota, who will succeed Mr. Wilkinson, will be
one of the youngest members of that body, being
about thirty-five years of age.
—Gen. Pope is at St. Louis en route to com
mand the northwestern depattment, southvvestern
Missouri, Kansas and the mJf tarp division of St.'
Louis. Gen. Curtis goes to St.'Paul.
' —The wife of a distinguished citizen of Boston,
on Thursday, gave birth to. a bne, hearty Nig,
and the father has detervoinea to name him
"Constitutional Amenduient." good for the
—B. APlntire, Esq., Cemmistiopei.in the board
of enrolment in the CumberlatOitrict has re.
signed his position, and Alex. B. Anderson, of Per
ry county, has been appointed by the President
to fill the vacancy. -4,
—ThC Buffalo Courier anuogpees the each of
Mr. Wm. F. Ketchum, inventor of the moiker and
reaper which is known by his name. Fits was
also the inventor of a hand grenada. Mr. Irptch
um had . resided in Buffalo more than thirtiykars.
—Lieutenant-Commander Wm. A. Parker, vkho
was in command of the Monitor Onondaga apd
showed the white feather when the rebel ra a
came down the James river last week, has bee
relieved and ordered before a gout martial.
—The health of Major General John E. Wool,
United States army (retired), is said to be fast
failing. This veteran officer is now far adianced
in years, and keeps well to his official residence
in Troy, spending most of his time in the prepa
ration of his memoirs and other writings.
—Colonel North, of election fra*d notoriety,
has been released by order of th War Department.
'He was convicted by the finding of the court
which tried him, but the Secretaiy of War, on
- reviewing the evidence, decided that there was
not sufficient 'evidence to warrant his detention.
—The keeper of the Andersonville. Ge'orgia,
military prison, Lieut. S. B. Davis, who was ar
rested at Newark, Ohio, on his way with dispatch.:
es from Richmond to Canada, has been tried and
sentenced to be hung at Johnson's Island onFeb
—The St. Louis Republican states that Briga
dierteneral Roddy, who has earned a high rep
utation during the ivaraaa partiaan cavalry com
mander, and who has cooperated with Forrest in
several important operations, grew tiled of the
contest a few weeks ago. He found means to
c ommun i ca t e with the Federal authorities; and'
through theta procured a full :pardon front the
President hs a condition precedent to laying down
his arms. His pardon was forwarded to Oten.
Thomas' headquarters by lar. Lincoln last week,
and by this time, doubtless, in in the hands of the
repentant rebel for whom it was prepared. , ge
will soon be heard of, therefore, as having re.
Burned civil pursuits at his old.honne, which we
believe was in Tenneasee.. The infornuttion
Febmlm'y 8,186 a.
i ) vbieh this statement is made comes from n, loyal
idfieer, 'who has just arrived from Tennessee.—
His - position in the army ttniie is sucli sit° give
him an opportunity personally knowing' the
truth of what he asserts.
SWIARY OF WAR NEWS.
—Nashville papers' report Hood's army to be
breaking up rapidly, and defierters to teeming
into our lines . 14 the hundred.
......s a ik e h a t e h m , a C., has been captured by
our troops.. The rebels left upon the adiance of
out forces from Pocotaligo: It is thought that
they will malts a stand at Asbepo. -
—Litchfield Was visited a few days since by.
Williams's gang, and on the next morning, by
seventy, or eighty of Quantrellesguerilbug, under
Captain Jones. -They appropriated, a quantity of
boots, shoes and whisky, but left without doing,
—One hundred Molten sick, frost-bitten and re
pentant rebels of Moseby's gang, captured in the
Shenandoah valley, were sent to Washington on
the 2d. They were intending a surprise on our
forces, but profess joy to be out of the rebel ser
vice. ' -
—The reports of the complete disorganization
of Pricl's army area confirmed by authentic Gat;
vesten advices recMred at Cincinnati: It !smith.
out clothing, arms, — food and fornge. Hood's
army is believed to be in but little better ctifidi
—The old revenue cutter Harriet Lane, asp-
tared by the rebels and. renamed the Lavenia,
was burned at sea on the lath instant, while on
her way from Galveston to Havana. It is sup
posed she was fired by a sailor who had-failed to
get his wages.
—The Cheyenne Indians attacked the fort at
Julesburg, in western Nebraska...lately, homed
the telegraph office, barns and.warehonies of the
stage company, and destroyed other': property.
They have also captured and destroyed a train
recently, west of Fort Laramie -
—A rebel gang, said lobe led by Quantrell, Ma.
gruder and Sue Mundny entered Midway, Ky.,
from Georgetown, on the 2d, and destroyed consi
derable property. Midway is inWoodford county,
on the Lexington and l'j:ankfort railway, fourteen
miles from either city. It is a town of small size.
—The rebel Gen. Chalmers, m a - tipeach at Cor
inth, is said to have denoqncedl-1•36d, and stated
that the " confederacy "had gone under," ! mut to
have advised his men to care for themselvis, as he
should -quit and
,try to save his property. The
rebel Gen. Morrow is said to be waiting to ienre
oh what conditions hecan "surretider himself.
—General Sherman, according to a Macon dis
patch in the Biehmond Whig, 'commenced his
movement on South Carolina on the 17th ult., with
three columns, the main columns moving towards
Charleston , two other columns, in light marching
order, were by separate roads towards
- —The crew of the rebel steamer Florida, cap.
tured in the twirler of Bahia, by the It S. steam
er Wachuset*have been, liberated by order . of
the Government: - n They numberedabout 30 men,
and were taken from Fort Wirren in a tub•boat
and placed on board the British steamer Cailada,
which sailed from Boston last Wednesdity. for
Halifax and Liverpool. • .
—Officifil reports from Admiral Dahigren, re 7
eeived at the Wavy Department, show that by the
sinking in Charleston harbor of the iromclad Mon
itor Patapsco, on the night of the 16th instant;
sixty-twolofficers and men were lost, while forty
three were saved.' He has ordered a bOaril:of in
quiry into the cause of - the disaster, whici is.-sup
posed to have been the explosion of a torpedo.
—The steamer George Leuny arrived at Fort
ress hitairoe on Thursday from Hilton Head, S.
C., with Major Anderson, bearer of important
despatches from ISfsjor-Generaltigkerman. Gene
ml Sherman's forces were still advancing victo
riously into the very heart of South Carolina. with
every prospect of striking a 'disastrous blow on
the rebel forces rapidly concentrated in the vicin
ity of Charleston. -
—Army of the James advices
. of -Friday say
that it was reported that the rebel fleet started
down the river that mornipg, bit after proceeding
a short distanco.turned back again and anchored
in the old position. A good deal of heavy firing
in the direction of Petersburg was beard during
the afternoon, and there were reports of a brisk
engagement Living taken place near the Appo=
—lntelligence from General Sherman's army
has been received 1)3 . the steamer Cahawba, from
Eton Head on the 28th. One portion of the
army moved direct froth Savannah and the other,
consisting of two corps, moved from Beaufort, S.
C., and both were rapidly advancingagaittst Char
leston, S C. The latest intelligence received from
the army represents it to be less than forty miles
from the city. The enemy has offered resistance
at every point, but are being driven away. Fmk,
ter's army is co-operating with Sherman's main:
—General Sherman's army is stildad;incing
in South Carolina. A Charleston dispatch of the
31st ult. states that all the movements indicate
that AugUsta or Binuchville is the destination.
The Twentieth Corps occupies Robertiville, fifty
miles above Savannah. On the 30th a heavy Fe
deral force advanced froth Whitesport and droye
in the rebel skirmish line; three miles to
creek. The picket line, it is claimed, after
wards re-establisbed. Since then la - tie been
quiet' on the Combalice. MePheriOnville.. five
miles northwest of Pocotaligo, is repOrted to have
been burned. . '
Neu:lElas OF SuEunts'slianen.—The
wankie frisetrasia gives the following incidents of
Sherman's march through Georgia:
" Every town and plantation by which we pass-
ed was depopulated-of negroes, who came to us
in crowds, bringing women and children, and the
maimed and blind, old and young; the ctogena
rian and the suckling babe swelled our ranks. It
was amusing to see motley character ofilds black
cloud. Some were in carts drawn by oxen or
mules, others in master's best buggy; some on
donkeys and mules, or horses; many on the old ,
;cast-off train mules, which they had picked hp 'Mi
ne way; whilst the largest portion were on foot,
backing featherbeds, heavy iron pots and kettles;
or old deal boxes, containing the accumulations
of, their lives. Even old split-bottomed chairs
were loaded on the backs of some, and all the
rubbish of a negm's quarter was to be encounter
ed.' One cart, drawn by a pair of lean broken-,
down oxen, contained no less than nineteen pick
anin ies ; the oldest of these was not over three
and about them were packed everything to
be fo diu a plantation negro's cabin. The anx
ious others walked in procession on each side
of the cart, endeavoring to hush the squallings Of
TRH BLOODHOUNDS KILLED.-Dr. Benson,
of Milsirankj, surgeon of the Fourteenth, Wiscon,
sin, has just returned from Savannah, having left
that cit y on the 22d, the day of surrender. He
!m oo n ] ealed Sherman ' s expedition through Geor
gia as edical Inspector of the Seventeenth corps.
He says- that bloLdhounds and dogs of various
species; "were found enormous numbers gong'
the roufe, kept for the purpose of hunting Won
men, de ~r ters and negroes. These wore aught,
ered w thout mercy, not far-from fi ve hundre d
being ki, od daily,
nt.soti & Ilanuw's Cant= ORGANEL--
Havhm alien some pains to satisfy musebt. es re.
s pe c the merita of these new inetruncenta, Nee
are able very to speak confidently in regard to
them, a ‘ d. - to recommend them heartily to - our
readers. We have notfonnd any difference Witte
opinions ntertained of them by musicians; alt
value the highly, and all agree that their Duped.
ority to a l other instruments of the cleat, Amili-:
can or f io, is indisputable—Neu York Ewa