The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, January 04, 1865, Image 2

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e ff =Min rpositort
Vir Any of our patrons having copies er th e
inn end second nmabeit of THE OLD PUG will canter
agree aver uporr . tlur publishers by sending them to this
il!Bett. They are wanted to complete on Elea All oar
copier on band at those am:Ebert% were burned by the
The inevitable tendency of , war is to
lessen sanctity for human life, and espe
cially is it so in civil war waged with wan
ton ferocity on the part of the insurgents.
Not alone in the terrible sacrifices of the
sanguinary field is the eadCost of war to
be estimated. Its tendency is ever to de
moralization; to lawlessness; to disregard
of treatmre ; to waste of life, and to weaken
the great moral sentiments on which the
whole • fabric of social order is reared.
Against this appalling evil this journal
has consistently and • earnestly raised its
- voice. It has braied the heated ,prejuditz
ees of its party in denouncing violence be
cause of real or imaginary disloyalty in
our midst, and it hits, with steadfast, un
faltering faith in the supremacy of law,
appealed to every citizen to look above
the passions of the _day to the common
welfare of a free people.
Five years ago a murder in our midst
excited the liveliest concern on the part
of our entire population: However hum
ble the victim or the criminal, the public
mind was startled,. and followed the often
tedious course of justice with unabated
interest until the majesty of the law was
faVy vindicated. Our court room would
be crowded to overflowing when a citizen
was charged with the grave crime of tak
ing the life of one of his fellows, and had
justice failed to vindicate its high prerog
atives, there'would have been a sadunrest
deeply seated among the people, arid the
homicide would have escaped the penalty
of the law only to suffer a popular con
demnation actircelyless terrible than death.
Every citizen felt that he had his full share
of responsibility in maintaining the ma
jesty of the laws, and these sacred obliga
tions were taught on every hand as the
first civil duty of the citizen.
—Let us now glance for a moment at
the fearful change 'a few years of war has
wrought in our midst, and there are few
dispassionate men who will not be startled
at the wide-spread disregard of law that
has insensibly grown up amongst us. On
the second Tuesday of October, 1863, three
Men met death by violence in this county.
An altercation in Waynesboro' resulted in
the instant death of Mr. Unger at 4 the
hands of a soldier; Mr. Coble, one of the
judges of election of Hamilton was shot
dead the same evening when passing to
his home in a peaceable manner by a sol
dier who fired upon one of his companions;
and a soldier of the same squad was shot
by accident the same night and mortally
wounded. Thus the election day of 1663
gave us three violent deaths in Franklin
county—two of whom were respected cit
izens, and the other an unoffending soldier.
During the last summer a soldier was found
on the premises of Mr. Gabby brutally
murdered, and it is not donbtedrthat it
was a most deliberate and atrocious mur
der to facilitate a robbery. But a short
time ago Mr. Sweitzer,'ime of our most
• worthy citizens. was crue,ll,priurdered near
his own door ; and it is only a few weeks
since Lieut. Underhill, in command of .
this post, deliberately shot down and kill- ,
ed one of his own men and fired at others
because they tried to get off to their guar
. ters without arrest. In all these cases
there was no punishment. Six murders,
or what in times of peace and Order would
be so held, have been committed in our
county within fifteen months, and the law
basin no instance vindiCated its power by
the punishment of the criminals. The
min who killed Mr. Trager, of Waynes
boro, was acquitted on technical grounds;
the killing of Mr. Coble, of Hamilton. and
the soldier the same night, were held to
be accidental. and' the author or authors
were unknown ; the supposed murderer
of the unknown soldier found on Mr.
Cabby's farm was discharged because the
witnesses on the part of the proseciition
could not be procured ; the person who
killed Mr. Sweitzei could not be identified,
although we believe that an earnest effort
was made to do so, and a military court of
inquiry acquitted Lieut. Underhill of the
murder of Mr. Bedmon, and he has since
been promoted -by Gov. , Seymour to a
Captaincy and discharged from arrest.
We submit that the time has come for
every citizen, and also every soldier, to set'
his face like flint against unpunished crime.
Unlass this current of murdeiris arrested
by the people arousing to the necessity al
a rigid enforcement of the laws, there N 3;
be no safety. to person or property in our
midst. If it be lawful for a soldier to
shoot when, where and at whom a real or
imaginary offence Seems in his judgment
►warrant, tirn must the innocent -fall
and the perpetrators go unwhipped of
justice, until officers and soldiers weary of
such bloody amusement. As things now
stand, there is every invitation that passive
. Submission can give to officers and soldiers
to resent every wrong by the employment
of their deadly weapons. and if - they kill,
either the innocent or those they regard
as guilty, there is 'no redress. Military
tribunals take possession of the criminals
in such- cases, and it would seem that if
any sort of a plausible pretext can be found
for acquittal, there is no punishment.
—Tina case of Lieut. Underhill we re
garded as one most clearly demanding the
severest punishment; and being himself
an officer of education, of respectable rank.
and holding an important trust as post
commander, his conviction and just sen
tence would have been most salutary in
its influence upon the great public inter
ests whose peril we so seriously deplore.
Reentered a house where some of his men
were without proper. leave. They, desir
ing to get to their quarters and avoid ar
rest, fled when he entered, and because
they refused to stop when he ordered them
to do so, he fired four times after them,
two balls entering Ur. Redmon. who stag
gered back into the house and died with
a sad message to his wife upon his lips, in
presence of the author of the fatal deed.
Can it be pretended that such molders
destruction of life is jmifinabie or even
excusable by the laws of war I - If so, then
had any citizen ieceivedLieut. Underhill's
balls, fired at random in the dark and in a
densely populated part of the town, there
could have been no punishment. If the
act was lawful, its consequences could not
impose a penalty. Bat with due deference
to the members of the court of inquiry—
riot one of whose names have we ever
heard—we insist that the act was a gross
infraction of the regulations, an irrepara
ble wrong to society and a flagrant viola
tion of moral and civil right. He went in
search of the absented men of his com
mand without a patrol. as was his duty,
and he did not seek, nor was he prepared,
to arrest them and return them under
guard. On the contrary he broke in upon
'them without his side-arms—the usual
'mark of office to command their obedience,
and when they attempteetAo return to
their camp and escape the penalty of ar
rest, he had no More right to fire upon
them than he had to sh'oot at any citizen
on the streets. They were not seeking to
desert, nor to get away from duty; but
on the contrary were, as- asclearly pro
ven of the inquiry, seeking to get to their
quarters, where he could have arrested
and punished them for absence without
leave at his leisure ; and his firing upon
them and the killing of Mr. Redmon was
simply a wanton, deliberate murder.—
here was no provocation other than that
Oiey took an irregular way to return to
their quarters, just as he took an irregular
way to make them do so. and he soothed
the wounded pride of a little unbalanced
authority in the blood of a soldier—a has-'
band and a father. General Scott, when
Commander-in-chief of the army, did not
admit that even in a case of Mutiny, or con
duct tending to this great crime, it was
justifiable for an officer to shoot down the
leader or leaders, until the order for ar
rest has been made and failed; but a Lieu
teißut assumes to shoot his men down as
if they were oxen because they attempt
to return to their duty in an irregular way
regardless of an irregular order, and Gov.
Seymour signalizes his appreciation of his
gallantry by promoting him to a captaincy.
—We believe that Capt Underhill has
merits as a soldier, bat we cannot concede
that human life shall be made the mere
toy of the passions and pride of petty of
ficials ; and that lawlessness shall become
rife in our midst by reason of the presence
of those - whose especial duty it is to en
force the laws. The time has come for
thorough reform in this matter, and we
appeal to those holding militaiy authority
to make common cause with every good
citizen to stay the appalling tide of mur
der that has recently stained the annals
of justice in our county. (
The year-1364 has closed most au
spiciougy for the Union cause. In every
quarter our armies are triumphant. Gen
eral Sherman has fitly concluded his grand
march of three hundred miles through the
enemy's country, by the capture of Savah
nah. The fruits of this great expedition
are immense. A chief city captured and
with it 33.000 bales of cotton, valued. at
20 odd millions of dollars, 150 guns, l 3
locomotives and 190 cars. A rebel iron
clad fleet with numerous other vessels
destroyed in order to prevent their falling
into our hands. An important point
gained for future operations, either against
Charleston or the interior of Georgia and
the network of railroads
r that bind the
Confederacy together. 200 miles of those
railroads already damaged and destroyed
to an extent that will require such ap ex
penditure of labor and material as the reb
els will scarce be able to supply. Lastly.
but not least, Gen. Sherman has demon
strated what has often been asserted and
stoutly denied that the Confederacy -is a
shell. That within all is weakness, and
the only opposition to be met with, if op
position it can be called, is that offered by
old men and boys, gleanings from the
cradle and the grave." Nor since his
art ivall at Savannah has Sherman been
idle. It is said he has already moved
against Augusta, au important town on
the Savannah river, at the head qf naviga
tion„ some 70 miles above the city of Sa-
Vannah. At this place he threatens
Charleston in the rear,.and holds the rait
road connecting_ it with Georgia and the
C,ontederacy West. It is also said lie has
organized, an expedition for the release of
such of our men held as prisoners in Geor
gia as can be reached. With Sherman the
good wort! goes bravely on, and to him
we may safely leave it-.
In Tennessee the gallant Thomas is
'driving the enemy to the wall. Three
weeks ago Hood was investing Nashville
`with an army of 40,000 men, with which
he proudly- boasted be would drive Tho
mas and his gallant men beyond the Ohio
river, and would invade the North and
spread desolation there. But man propti
ses and God disposes. On the 15th of last
month Thomas attacked 'Hood in his in
trenchments, and after a desperate strug
gle of two days, defeated and drove him
in disastrous rout with the loSs of sixty
eight_ pieces of artillery, nearly all his
wagon trains, and one-third of his army
killed, wounded and captured, including
eighteen gruel-ars. Nor has Hood yet es
caped. At the last accounts he was seek
ing to cross the Tennssee river, but was
prevented by the depth of the water, and
Thomas was rapidly eloping in on him
with every prospect of capturing
stroying the balance of his army. Success
to which enterprise is our hearty prayer.
- Within the ast two weeks Breckinridge,
who came io'deliver East Tennessee and
invade Kentucky, has been soundly whip
ped and driven into North Carolina with
loss of artillery and many of his men.
Onr forces, under the command of Stone
man and 13Urbridge, then proceeded leis
urely to destroy the salt and lutd works
in south-western - Virginia, also all the
bridges and culverts for many miles on
the railroad leading to Lynchburg. AI.
together, property of great value to the
enemy, to the amount of $20,000,000 was
In Alabama the greatest consternation
now prevails among the rebels. The
Governor a the State has called out the
militia to resist the march of tiler). David
sorr, 'who he allegeeis marching on gol;ile.
. We knowtiust Gen. Davidson has gone on
an expedition, but where we know rgt.t:
We hope, however, that the Governor of
Alabama is correct, and that Gen. David
son may be enabled to emulate the muni
ficence of Gen. Sherman and give to the
Nation for a New Year's gift the city of
Mobile. _
The only place where success seems
doubtful is at Wilmington, North Carolina.
But the brave Admiral Porter still keeps
pounding away, and even if his fleet should
not be able to reduce the place now, Sher
man will settle the question as he marches
up the coast in the next few months, to
join Grant. In the meantime , .Grant sits
calmly before Petersburg holding Lee, to
his place with a strong hand, and waiting
only until he shall be joined by the new
levies and the veterans of Sherman, to
complete his great work and end the re
Oar political sky is brightening fast.
Wherever our flag is advanced its brave
defenders take no step backwards. Du
ring the last year the rebels have contin
ually lost ground. They have been driven
from the banks of the Rappahannock,
from the Valley of Virginia, from . the
States of West = Virginia, Tennessee,
Kentucky and Missouri. Sherman has
marched through their Confederacy from
one end to the other. With the ex-
ception of Lee's, they have no army left
worthy of the name. Their chief cities
are in our hands and three-fourths of their
territory. Their iron-clad fleet has ceased
to exist, and of all the fleet pirates that
infested the seas one year ago, destroying
our commerce, but one is heard of now—
the Tallahassee. Their people in • many
parts of the Confederacy Are actually suf
fering for the commonest necessaries of
life. They despair of their cause. and faint
whispers of peacebegin to be heard; . Dis 7
affection begins to raise its head, and soon
a rebellion within a rebellion will be be
held. On'the other hand, the late verdict
of.the people that theiwar must goonun
til the supremacy of the Government is
established, has made the Government
stronger than ever before, and has encour
aged us ancidiscouraged our enemies. All
that we require is to persevere a little
longer, to support the government cheer
fully and liberally, to allow no political
feeling to divide us as a people, but to
unite in all things for a firm prosecution
of the war. If we shall do this the next
New Year may find us as we were but
lately, a prosperous and powerful people
Gov. Cuwrix, on Monday ci,wek, issued his
proclamation, declaring that Siiinuel J. Basilan,
Charles O'Neill, Leonard Myers, William D. Kel
ley, M. Russell Thayer, B. Markley Boyer, John
31. Broomall, Sydenham. E. Ancona, Thadaeus
Stevens, Myer Strouse, Philip Johnson, Charles
Denisop, Ulysses Mercur, George F. Miller,
Adam Glossbremaer, Abraham A. Barker,
Stephen F. Wilson, Glenni W. Scofield, Charles
V. Culver, John L. Dawson, J. K. Morehead.
Thomas Williams and George V. Lawrence, have
been returned as duly elected, M,their several dis
tricts us representativest . l„-thk-,Congress of the
United States, for the term &two years, to com
mence from and after the fourth day or March
In reference to the Sixteenth District, the'pro
claraatieu reads, "And I do further declare that
no such returns of- the election in the Sixteenth
Congressional District have been sent to the Sec
retary of the Commonwealth, as would, under the
Act of Assembly of 2d July, 1839, authorize me
to proclaim the name of any person• as having
been duly elected a member of the House of Rep
resentatives of- the United States, for that V.
THE Superintendent of Public Printing relfre-
Bents that the interests of the Government have
suffered heavily because of the exorbitant prices
now asked for white paper: The tariff on impor
ted printing paper is now twenty per cent, paya
ble in gold, which amounts to a total prohibition
of the foreign article. American paper-makers
are careful to charge enough for their products to
bring them just below the-tr al ei,gli paper,
with the high duty added—winch is 'd to afford
them a very heavy profit As the Government
itself is now feeling the great inconienience and
loss of a high paper market, we have hope that
Coingress will either reduce or abolish the paper
duty, which does not bring into the treasury a cent
of income, while it forces the whole printing and
publishing interest of the country to istibrait to
whatever exactions the paper-makers Irk see fit
to impose. Our bretheran of the press should en
force the importance of such action upon the at
tention of members of Congress and of the pub-
CART:LESS WRITING.—We note frotn . the re
cent report of the Postmtuder General, an extra
ordinary amount of carelessness on the part of
•the letter writing community. Three million five
hundred and eight thousand were received of dead
letters during the last year; many of which con
tained money, deeds, cheeks, jewelry and other
valuables. Some of them were misdirected, oth
ers not directed at all, others unetamped and oth
ers only podiatry directed. Thousands of these
were returned to the writers, but the great ma
jority were destroyed. - These facts should teach
the public to be more careful in their correspon
deneei, for the amount of suspense and suffering
occasioned by these lost letters is incalculable;
and officials urn censured where the Tault teats
with the authors.
(detrital Journal and Life Illustrated, for January,
appears with 3.2 quarto 'pages, and a beautiful il
lustrated cover It contains Portraits of Tenny
son, Sillimun, Sheridan, Cobb, Philipp, Susanna
'Wesley—mother of John—an Indian Chief, Franz
Muller, Miss Muggina, Miss Fury, the Princess
of NValen—Florenee Nightingale, A Group of
Warriors—l lannilial, Julius Caesar, Pizarro,
Cromwell, Charles XII., Frederick the Groat,
Scott, Wellington and Napoleon, with 'Ethnology,
'Phrenology, Physiognomy, Pliyinology, and Phy
"chology. No. 1. Vol. 4lst Published at tto emits
a Number, or *2.09 a year, by Messra. Fowler
& Wells. 389 Broadway, Now York. '
Pouricm..—Tho ejection returns are in, as
nearly complete as can be obtained. Of the vote
for Presidential electors in nil the States entitled
to a voice, they feet np: , Lincoln, '2,1t 0 2,502 ; Mc-
Clolan, 1,775;200. This idles Mr. Lincoln's ma
jority 407,302. In \ 1810 the anti-Lincoln major
ity was 139,570.
—The remains of Hon. Wm. L. Dayton, late
Minister to France, arrived at New York on Fri
day morning, The body wee laid in the Gover
nor'ti room, and the obsequies took place on Sta
urday. The remains were taken to Trenton, N.
J., on Saturday evening, and were.eacorted to the
State House by the Governor and cityauthorities,
where the body was laid in state, a detachrgent
of national troops being placed as a guard of bon
or. The funeral will move from the state Dime
an Thorp* menial; at 11 o'ClOdli
Franklin Reposi:tetp, tbantbusbug, Ski.
Tit=Dull —Rebel Deserters—The lift-
Inteillgeneer—Agricaltural Re.
port—The Guerilla Noteby Wounded.
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository.
Owing to the adjournment 'of Congress and the
absence of nearly every person able to get away
from the city to spend the, holidays, we are hav
ing a very dull time., Washington always was a
dull place during the Christmas, week, and this
year more so than ever. Turkeys, and other
things requisite to the enjoyment of Christmas,
have been held at such enormous prices that many
a poor family had to pass the-day without even a
slice of turkey, and many a child without thivisit
of Christ-Kinee, as he used to 'come, days gone
by. All, however, feel happy at the glorious vic
tories of Sherman and Thomas, and feelconfident
that long before the return of another Christmas
this cruel war will be over, and the good people
of the loyal States will enjoy it as in former years.
Desertions from the rebel ranks are daily on
the increase, and they are not, as fornierly, con
fined to privates, but many officers now come in.
Out of, a hundred brought op yesterday; there
was a Lieutenant named R. Redwood, of the pd
Alabama, who came into our lines bringing With.
him the whole, squad of men under his command.
Since the successful, movement of Sherman into'
the Cotton States, many rebel soldiers from those
States come hi. Formerly nearly all the deser
dons were from Virginia std North 'Carolina.
They :are furnished transportation North after
taking the oath, where they will no' doubtfind
That ancient old fogy paper' the National had-
Ligenceri is about to change proprietorship, Col.
Seaton withdrawing, and John F. Coyle, its late
business manager—Mr. A. G. Allen a wellknown
newspaper man and Wm- R. Snow, Esq., taking
charge of the establishment. It is to maintain
somewhat of its former political tone, and is' to
have a Sunday issue, and other startling changes
which heretofore has been considered among the
impossible things of that establishment. -
In a few days the military commission of Which
Major General Doubleday ie president; will pro
ceed to Philadelphia for the trial of several hi
portant cases in which several prominent persons
of the Quaker city are implicated. - • -
Gen. Hancoek's corps hi gradually increasing its
organization, and since the appointment of re
cruiting officers, is meeting the most sanguine ex
pectations. Commission are given only to those
nominated by the Governors of their respective
States. No appointments have yet been made
for Pennsylvania or Massachusetts, as the Goren
norsof these two States for some reason'or other
unknown to the outside 14orld, decline taking no
tice of the corps. Shoulffthey delay much longer,
the opportunity now offered will be withdrawn,
and other States will be permitted to monopolize
the appointments. The !first regiment of the
corps organized is to he armed with Sharp's
flea. ,
The agricultural statistical report of the • Cen
sus Bureau, the moat voluminous and valuable
document of the kind ever published is in the
hands of the public printer and should have been
completed by the first of ' , January, but owing to
the, immense amount of:work at the office it is
thought that it will not, be out before the first
of April.
Mosbey, the 'notorious guerrilla, was mortally
wounded at Middleburg, Va., on the 17th of De
cember in a fight with detachments of the 12th
and 16th New York and Bth Illinois Cavalry.
—Gen. John Pop/ has one to the Army Orthe
—The pirate Serrano& ban reached Theioa
via Matamorus. -
, —ames W. Wallack, Sr., the actor, died in
Now York nn Christi:has day.
—Averill, the gal,ant cavalry general, is still in
—Senator Couness, of California, is a ioilno
torte manufacturer.
—Col. Hamlin, son of therViee President, has
been made a brigadier general.
=William Curtis Noyes, L. L. D., a pmiainent
member of the bar of New York, died on Sunday
—Mr. Jerome D. Brumbaugh, formerly of Ha
gerstown; bas been elected Attorney General o
the State of Kansas.
—Major General Ord has assumed commandof
the twenty-fourth Army Corp,a now a part of
the Army of the James.
—Mon. J. S. Haldemhn has been elected, unan
imouity, President of the Harrisburg National
Bank, in place of Win. M. Kerr. Esq., deceased.
Wayne, who commands one of the bod
ies of rebels in Georgia, is said to be aSO 11 of
Judge Wayne, of the United States Supreme
—The College of New Jersey has conferred the
degree of LL. D. upon Mr. Lincoln. This from
a Nerve Jersey institution niay he considered rail•
er generous. •
—W. M. Stewart, one of the new U. S. Sena
tors from Nevada; is a son-in-law of Ex-Governor
Foote, of the rebel Congress. Mr. S., however is
a strong Union man.
—Hon. James Dixon, United States Senator
from Connecticut,,suffers so badly from heart dis
ease that the Connecticut papers predict his
speedy resignation.'
,—Thomas Sims, the fugitive slave whose arrest
caused such a great excitement in Boston, some
years since, is now a recruiting agent for the Union
Army in Louisville, Ky.,
—The prominent candidates, for the vacant Mis
sion to France are John C. Fremont, Henry Win
ter Davis, Charles Sumner, Montgomery Blair,
John P. Hale and W.P. Fetmendon.
—lt is stated that the prize money standing to
the credit of Admirals Lee, .Farragut, pahlgreen,
Iladey and Porter amounts to the handsome ag•
gregate of three millions and a quarter. •
—Mrs. Hutchins, of Baltinuire, imprisoned for
sending n sword to Harry Gilmore, the rebel mi.
der, has been released by the President from the
Fitchburg (Muss.) House of,Correetion. ,
—John Steel, the wculthilud man in Pentniylca.
Dill, made so by oil transactions, (hits receipts; were
$30Q,11 per day) died, a few daY; ago, in Philadel
phia, froin injuries reeebed friar; the / kick of a
—When General Thomas wan a e
Point, he wan called "00,T0m," 0
Fan sedateness. ' Ile was a methodic,
a man is so strong-minded that in th
'known an ' , Obstinate Took."
—lt -is reported shut Major Ge
Hooker, ut preeent commanding
Department, is to be married in the.
accomplished lady repident within
--General Tom Thumb, wife, Lab and the di
minutive gentleman's suite were g eats of the
Humeror of Prance at Compeigne or( the 7th inst.
Thu official journals quote the recepOon of the lit
tle General nt the Marlboro House ify his loyal
hlghncs, the Prince of Wales, as a ptecedent.
--Gen. Thomas has two men in hisemploy who
serve as scouts and spies at the imminent hazard
of their lives. The rebel Gen Johnstim offered a
reward of $50,000 for their capture. I They. have''
been much within the rebel hues, laid often in
their very camps, hut eo disguised aeto defy de
WASHINGTON CITY, Dec. 30:3264.
!det at West
account of
1 boy, and am
• army he ie.
he Northern
spring to on
his military
4 3 disslier General 0. B. 'Meat, command
ing the First Division - of the Ninth Army Corps,
has been brevetted Major General, to date froM
the Ist of last August General Wilcox entered'
the war as Colonel of the Ent Ifichigan
tiers. lie is a gallant and capable officer.
—Major Harry White, of the 67th P. V., hthe
member of the Rennsylvania State Senate, and;
whose absence last winter, being a • prisoner at
Richmond, caused a long delay in organizing that ,
body, has been promoted to Liuetenint Coldhel of
his regiment.
—The President has remitted the sentence of
Commodore Wilkes, who was sentenced to a sus
pension from the service for three years, on se
count of having captured Mason and Slidell on
board the British steamer. Ifiesentence has been
so modified as to make his suspension continue
only for a period of one year from date.
—Hon. David Sherman Boardman; since the
death of Father Waldo the oldest graduate of,
Yale College, died recently at New Milford, Conn.
He was born in December, 1766, graduated at
Yale College in 1793, was admitted to the bar in .
1793,Tand speedily took' tank among the fermi:mgt.
lawyers of his State. / His recollection of events'
in Revointienary times was exceedingly _distinct
and accurate.
. —Col. Charles A. May, a prominent officer,'
who was for a number of years stationed at Car-:
fide, died in New York, on Saturday last. • He
was appointed a Cadet by President Jackson, and
served in the army until 1860. His exploits du
ring the Mexican war, particularly at Resaca de
la Palmizmrlionterey, made his name famous.
Since the outbreak of the war he has been enga f
ged in civic pursuits in New York city, where he
had marriell a daughter •of George Law, Esq.
He was a native of Baltiinore mid was fofty-six
years of age.. '
—The death of a celebrity, a dwarf, in Paris,
the French, counterpart of the' American Tom
Thumb, is recorded. In his sixteenth year he
was placed in the establishment of the`Duchess
of Orleans, the mother of the Citizen King, and
was so small at that age that he passed for an in
fant, and so dressed, during the stormy period of
the First Revolution, secret dispatches were sent
by him, which thus reached without saapicion
the imprisoned members of the Royal Family of,
France. -To the day of his death this dwarf;
named Richebtiurg, received a pension from the
Orleans family of 3,000 francs a year. Daring
the last thirty years he has lived in the same house,
in the Faubourg Saint Germain. Unlike Tom
Thumb, he bad a horror of appearing in public,
and for nearly half a life-time had never crossed
the threshold of his own door. Not the least re
markable feature in the career of this 'creature is
the fact that he lived to be 92 years old.
—We are 'called upon ;to, record the death of
Hon. George Aiello Denali; which event took
place in Philadelphia on Saturday morning, at his
residence, on Walnut street, below Tenth. The
event was entirely unexpected, as the distin,
guished gentleman was apparently enjoying his
usual health the day previouaito his decease. Mr.
Dallas was seventy-two years of age, having been
born in that city on the 10th of July, 1792. He
graduated at Princeton College in d
,lBlO, and stud
fed under the direction of his father, Alexan
der James Dallas, and was admitted to the Bar
in April, 1813. He was shortly afterwards ap
pointed Private Secretary to Albert Gallatin, who
was sent to St. Petersburg on a special piiission
relating to the then existing war between Great
Britain and the United States, and which subse
quently resulted in the treaty of Ghent, Decem
ber 24th, 1814, which ended the war. Mr. Dal
las resided at ?Ghent 'some time after the treaty,
and was subsequently sent home by tke Ameri
can Commissioners as a bearer of important des
paters. Ile was afterward" coat:inch:4 with the
Treasury Department, and then resumed the
practice of his profession ih Philadelphia. In
1817. he received the appointment of Attorney
General of Philadelphia. In 18:18 he was elected
Mayor of the City of Philadelphia; _which office
be resigned to accept the appointment of United
States District Attorney. He retired from the
position to accept a vacancy, to which he had
been elected in the United States Senate in 1831,
which he held untilthe expiration of the term in
1833. He advocated as United States Senator
the charter of the United States Bank, a protec
tive tariff, and other important measures. Mar
tin Van Buren, lifter his elevation to the Prima
dency in 1837, appointed Mr. Dallas;Minister to
Rrissia, which position he filled with much ability
until 1839, when he was recalled at hie Ombra
quest, and spin trimmed the practice of his Pro
fession in Philadelphia. In May, 1844,Mr. Dal
• las Wasiaominateil for the exalted position of Vice,
Ppakident of the United States by the Baltimore
Convention, which nominated James K. Polk for
Prekident After an exciting Presidential cam
paign, Mr. Dallas was elected Vice President,
having received one hundred and seventy out of
two hundred and seventy-five electoral votes cast.
As Vice Privident; and consequently President of
the Senate, Mr.,Dallas gave his celebrated cast
ing Vote in favor of the famous Tariff Bill, a free
trade measure. Mr: Dallas occupied the position
of Vice President until March 4th, 1749. On'
January 31st. 1856, Mr: Dallas was renominated
to the United Statei Senate as Minister to the
Court of St. James, on Mr. Buchanna signifying
his desire to be recalled from that position. The
nomination was confirmed, and Mr. Dallas repre-i
seated the United States at that Court with cred
it to himself and satisfaction to the country. Af
ter the election of Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Dallas, in a
speech in this city, proclaimed his unaltered at
tachment to the Union and detestation of the Re
hellion. Mr. Dallas was a lawyer of g tbility,
and id. all' the important positions • iliy•im
under the National Government, he played
marked statesmanship and diplomatic skill.
—The President says Sherman's Christmas pre.
sent is worth eighteen million of dollars. This is
just a mouth's supply for our manufactories.
—Three of the St. Albans raiders; who escaped
to Lebanon, N. IL, and enlisted in the United
States army, hap been arrested and are now in
the jail at ConeOrd.
, —Admiral L4e destroyed a fort at Chickasaw,
Ala., on tho 27th, destroying much rebel property
and all means of crossing the Tennessee, below
Florence. Hood's army is reported!to be broken
—Burbridgo is retiring successfully to Lexing
ton, Ky., from south-western Virginia, having dri
ven Breckinridgo to North Carolina and destroyed
the rebel department of southwestern Virginia.
He also, destroyed the . railroad there, and lead
—We learn. from Nevk-Orleans that Glen. Da
vidson's raiding expedition had returned to that
place. They traveled 100 miles in•ls days, built
15 bridges and many miles of railroad, and de-
stro3ed enormous quantities of property. ltf
ruid was one of the most brilliant of the war.
—A notorious Missouri guerilla, named Hunter,
was recently arrested at Salt Lake City, while
euroute for California, with $200,000 in green
backa stolen ; from the bank at Bloomington over
Nyear ago., He was tent back by General Con
ner, and will be taken to Huntsville in that State
and hanged.
—Nearly all'the steamers comprising the per
tiontof the expeditionary fleet under the command
of Major Gen. Butler, which sailed from Fortress
Monroe, several weesk since, have returned in
safety, notwithstanding the severe storms experi
'enced along the coast, and. while amihored off
Wilmington, N. C..
—When Shermon made his advance upi Fort
McAllister, the rebels burned a bridge, eight hun
dred feet long, to prevent his approach.. In one
night the bridge was reconstructed by Sherman's
engineers, and the fort was secured. 1111410 m
how complete all his arrangements are for accom
plishing his work successfully.
was pressing Hood on the
banks of Tennessee river onWednesday. Hood
wit 4 - to lay pontoons, but our gunboats
were she *rig hiS working parties. Steadman
reached Becatur on the 24th. On Thursday, it
was rumored at Nashvilled that Hood hid been
routed and most of his army captured.
—On Tuesday night week a party of Rebels,
who had been for some time in Maryland, but
were prevented from returning to Virginia by
reason of the high water, constructed a raft upon
which they attempted to Cross the Potomac a
short distance above Muddy Branch. Our pick
ets captured one and fired upon five, others, who
fell from the rift and were drowned.
—Hon. Frank P. Blair has gone to Richmond,
probably accompanied by his son, Montgomery
Blair. Government has not authorized the visit,
or is it aware that it is made for any purpose
other than the gratification of private curiosity.
No pass was given them by the Secretary of War,
who protests against their going. They are prob-
ably hopes of being able to start some ennpro
—Another expedition against Mobile has star
ted. General Granger, with a considerable force,
landed at Pascagoula on the 15th instant, and
moved rapidly towards Mobile. Near Franklin
creek it skirmish occurred, but the rebels were
routed: Two iron-clad gunboats have goiie up
the Pascagoula river, and at last accounts every
thing was progressing favorably. In Mobile, there
is said to be 5,000 militia, and a strong Union sen
timent prevails.
—There yet languish in rebel slauibter pens of
the Andersonville pattern fifty thousand: of our
northern soldiers. Of the one hundred thousand
rebel prisoners in comfortable and well warmed
barracks, those at Elmira receive ten cents a day
for their labor in making their quarters more
healthful and comfortable. Those atPoint Look
out receive for similar labor whisky and tobacco
rations. To all, everywhere, vegetables are reg
ularly issued, and to most blankets have been
--General Stoneman has returned to Nashville
from a wonderfully successful raid into south
western Virginia. He routed Jones, with a part
of Morgan's force, and Vaughn, who wan trying
to join Breckihrid,ge. At Marion he whipped sev
eral commands. He 'took valuable rebel salt
works ; 860 men ; destroyed bridges and captured
railway trains , together with several depots; sup
plies, fouuderies, mills, fhctories and store=houses;
besides, two rebel editors, and a supply of print
ing material, Which was sent to Parson :Brown
low. Our loss was about 200. East Tennessee
is swept clean, and Kentucky made nafe.
—Porter's fleet made a furious attack' en Fort
Fisher, at Wilmington, about one o'clock, on Sat
urday week and kept up an average fire of about
thirty shots per minute until night. The attack
was renewed on Sunday morning, and was very
furious. The rebels replied very slowly. , The
rebel despatches, from which our information
come, say that two brigades were landed two and
a half miles above Fort Fisher. They Were im
mediately engaged by a small force, but held their
ground. A subsequent dispatch says that this
force attacked the fort on Sunday night, and was
repulsed. The rebel loss on Saturday is reported
as twenty-three wounded.
—Of the capture of Savanuah we have some
further particulars by the dispatch-boat tallier
• Ilia, at Fortress Monroe.- On the 20th General
Sherman, having nearly completed the investment
of the city, and captured Fort Lee and several
other of the minor outworks in the immediate vi
cinity of the principal intrenchments surrounding
the town, and planting his seige batteries in such
close proximity to the rebel lines as to command
effectually every position held by Hardee's forces,
notified the rebel commander that if the place was
not surrendered by a specified time a bombard
ment would commence. Hardee replied that he
had ample provisions to stand a long siege, and
that he would deteud the place. Sherman then
made preparations for an assault, but at daylight
on the 21st it was ascertained that the enemy had
evacuated their intrenchments. General Sher
man entered the city at the bead of his bodyguard,
and received its surrender from a deputation of
the citizens. Hardee's army erossed•the 'Savan
nah river over a causeway, under the proteCtion
of two iron-clad rams. The latter were sunk, but
four steamers and a gunboat were captudd.
THE 111111111.ENDEB. 01' SAVANNAH
By the arrival of the steamer California, at
Fortress Monroe, we have, the following particu
lars of the surrender of Savannah :
On the 20th instant, Maj. Gen. Sherman, hav
ing nearly completed the investment of the city,
and captured Fort Lee and several other minor
outworks in the immediate vicinity of the princi
ple entrenchments surrounding the town, and
planting his siege batteries in such close proximity
to the rebel lines as to command effectually every
position held by the forces under the command of
Gen. Hardee, sent a summons by flag of truce to
the effect that if the place was not in a certain
length of time surrendered, a bombardment and
assault would be at once commenced:
To this summons the wily rebel General sent
back a reply that, as his communications were
yet open, and his men fully supplied with subsist
ence stores 'of every kind, they were enabled to
withstand a long siege, and was determined to
hold the city to the very last moment i and defend
the citizens and the property which had been
placed under his protection, until his forces were
overpowered and he be compelled to surrender.
Every preparation had been made by Sherman
to assault the rebel position the next day, but
when the morning of the 21st ult., dawned, it
was ascertained that the enemy had evacuated
their entrenchments. Several regiments of in
fruitry immediately advanced and took possession
of them, and shortly afterwards Gen. Sherman en
tered the city at the bead of his body-guard, and
received from the Lands of the Mayor and Coun
cilmen the surrender of the place.
It appears that
_Gen. Hardee, on the night of
the 2Uth, seeing the impossibility of holding the
city, and fearing that the only means of escape
left open to him—across the Savannah—was like
ly to be cut 'off at any moment, determined to
avail himself of this route for his retreat. His
troops immediately set to work to hastily destroy
the navy . yard and all the Government property,
and at twilight, under the protection of two iron
clad rams, succeeded in crossing the Savannah
river, over the causeway, to the north side, intend=
Mg to push forward to Charleston.-
Thirty-two thousand bales of cotton were stored
in the city, which the rebels in their haste ne
glected to destroy. The two iron-clad ramawere
sunk, and all the Government property and Stores
which they could not carry off with them they
burned or threw into the river. Four steamers,
one a small gunboat, were captured, which, to
gether with the cotton, and a large amount of the
rebel munitions of war, form part of the spoils of
the victorious army.
AN IRON LETTER: By the last Amexicari
we received a letter which is•remarkable both as
a documentary curiosity and a specimen of manu
facturing skill. 4is written on iron rolled so thin
that the sheet is only twice the weight of a simi
. sized sheet of ordinary note paper. Our let
ter is eight inches long by five and a quarter broad,
and its weight is two pennyweights and twenty
one grains. The weight of a sheet of ordinary
note paper of the same size is one pennyweight
and eleven grains. The letter itself explainawhy
we received it. It is dated
"SOUTH PITTSBUIiG, Ps., Nov. 6. 1861.
" To di4 Baas of the Biriiisentou Journal.
"- , Sir*in the number of your paper, dated Ot
tober let 1864; there is an article setting iiirth
that John Brown dr., Co., of the Atlas Works,
January - 4 0 1465:
Sheffield, had succeeded in rolling a plate of iron
thirteen and a half inches thick. I believe that
to be the thickest ever rolled. I send you this
seppeecimen of iron made at the Sligo Iron Works,
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, as the thinnest iron ever
rolled in the world up to this time, which iron I
challenge all England to surpaas for strength and
t enu ity. This, I believe, will be the first iron let• -
ter that ever crossed the Atlanta Ocean ; and if
you should think it worthy of notice in your wide
ly circulated paper, please send me a copy of the
same. Yours, JOHN C. EvANS."
We are assured by competent authority that
the iron upon which this letter is written is of ex
ceedingly fine quality, and that the sheet is by far
the thinnest ever seen in this country. Some re
markable specimens of finely rolled iron were
shown in the Belgian Court in the Extdbition.of
1862, but the thinnest of them was much thicker
than this. The production of such a sheet indeed
is highly ertslitable to the manufacturing skill of
Pittsburg, the Birmingham of America.—Birming
ham Post.
Henry S. Foote, who was a Senator from Mis
sissippi at Washington in days gone by, and who
has for some time been serving as a Representi,
tive in the, Rebel Congress from Tennessee, made
a most striking address to his colleagues at Rich
mond a few days since. Resolutions for the ap
pointment of commissioners to treat with the
.Union Government with the object of securing
peace on the basis of Southern independence had
been under consideration, when the currency bill
was taken up. Mr. Foote then took the floor.
He said that he saw ground for despondency and
apprehensiori in every quarter, and if this finan
cial project (repudiation of the rebel currency)
should be defeated, he should utterly despair of
the cause. "Sir." said he, •'we are upon the very
edge of ruin." He instanced the failing power of
the rebel Congress and the assumption of dicta
torial power by Hangar' evidences of the fate that
was before them. Disaster had followed disaster
in the field—all Southern Georgia. South Carolina
and Alabama was open to the army of Sherman
—Fort McAllister had been captured, and its fate
would be that of Savannah and Charigeton em
many days—Hood's army has been fatally defeat.
ed near Nashville, and its power could never be
recovered. This was no time to be talking about
repudiation, or to reject propositions looking -to
ward an honoMble peace. Mr. Foote said that
he would be uo longer responsible for measures
adopted in secret session; he knew not how to
legislate in chains. He then declared his inten
tion to withdraw from the confederacy, and seek
in some other clime the peace and happiness de
nied to him there. Foote has before this time
been a thorn in the side of Jefferson Davis—hav
ing defeated him in a contest for Governorof
twelve or thirteen years ago, when Foote
was the Union and Davis the Secession candidate.
The belief so boldly avowed by him at Richmond
is no doubt held by other proMment and influential
men of the South, whose voice will also be heard
as the utter ruin of the confederacy becomes more
and more palpable As the words of a represen
tative of the former,Union men of the South, the
declarations so solemnly made by Mr. Foote to his
rebel colleagues are worth attention. It is easy
to see that while he still talks of independence, he
looks for nothing less than the speedy and com
plete restoration ' - of the power and authority- of.
the Union of our forefathers.
NA.—The Newberne, N. Carolina. Times says:
There are the strongest reasons for believing that
the storm is at last being raised in the interior of
this State, which yaw* ere, long eventuatein her
deliverance from the remorseless jaws of the Rich
mond despotism. Refugees are pouring in, and all
bring one uniform story of suffering and destitu
tion, and the most unmitigated oppression and tyr
litany ever inflicted upon any people since the-reign
of those monsters in human shape, in old Rome,
Calligula and Nero. Some are ready to seek re
fuge by proceeding north at once, while others are
willing to "bide their time" by remaining among
us. All join in heaping imprecations on the infa
mous rule of Davis and his wicked co-consphs
tom. A real genuine Union feeling is strengthen
ing and increasing in every town in almost every
quarter of the State. It will yet overwhelm and
crush the contemptible despots now engaged with
the desperation of demons in trying to keep it
down. Many refugees now look forward to the
joyous hour when they can return back again to
their old home under the protecting folds of the.
stars and stripes. With the political and social
redemption of North Carolina will come thatother
long looked for blessing, universal and uncondi
tional emancipation.
THE instrument known as the Cabinet Organ is
quite as great an improvement upon the melodeon,
introduced some twenty' years ago, or its succes
• sor. the harmonium, as a concert grand-piano-forte
of to-day is over the imperfect pianos in vogue a
quarter of a century since. The melodeon lost
favor from a lacktof capacity for qpression. Its
music was monotonous to a degree annoying to
cultivated ears. The harmonium was an improve
ment upon the melodeon, but still failed to satisfy,
to the extent demanded by its use in chapels,.
schoolrooms, or hails, as a support to choral sing
ing. Within a couple of years, Messrs. Mason &
Hamlin, who hove always taken the lead in this
country as manufacturers of reed instruments,
have succeeded in largely overcoming the defects
noticed in instruments of this class.,—Nera York
MURDER DI OIL CrrY.—A frightful murder
was committed in Oil City on Tuesday night, the
27th ult., by some person or persons unknown.—
Ilhe victim was a man named licFate, a wealthy
property owner. up there; but further than that
he was found lying on the street, with his throat
cut and his pockets rifled, we have no particulars.
The crime appears to have awakened intense in
dignation among the — people of the place, and a
reward of $lO,OOO is offered for the apprehension
of the party orparties who committed the crime.
This will be a great inducement to' public officers
to try and " work up" the case, and if there is
any clue at all to the identity of the murderer, he
will surely be discovered.
after leaving Milledgeville, General Davis detect
ed two soldiers stealing ladies' clothing from a
house near the road. Turning them over to the
Provost Marshal, they were dressed in the stolen
crinoline and petticoats, tied to the rear of the
vtagons, and for six days marched through muddy
fords and swamps us an example to the,men of
their command. They came out from the ordeal
with mightily discolored skirts and dirty - stock
TUE rules of Libby prison allowed but six lines
to the letters of our soldiers confined thereto their
friends at home. Here is a specimen written
within the limit: My Dear Wife,—Yours recei
ved—no hopes of exchange---send corn starch—
want socks—nu money—rheumatism in left shoul
der—pickles very good—send sausages—God bless
You—kiss the baby—Hail Columbia !—Your de
voted husband.
A 311 NE OF TInvEE CENT eteeD•
tric individual narnedWilliam Cidey, died recent-
ly at Lockport, N. Y. He lived alone, kept a gro
cery, and willed his property. valued at.slB,ooo,
to his relatives in England. He kept his specie
buried in the cellar in an old boiler.. Among the
deposits in this private vault were over fifty thou
sand three cent pieces. How many millions of
coin are thus hoarded in various parts of the
country ?
THE, strength of the Union sentiment in North.
Carolina is evinced by the fact that a series off'
resolutions declaring the right of the State•to
cede from the Confederacy without consulting
Jeff. Davis, were; tabled in the lower House of
the Legislature the other day by two majority.
In the Senate the vote on the same or a similar
of of resoliitions stood-44 against - , to 20 for them.
Ala iron letter has just been sent by mail Ire
Pittsburg. Pa., to England. The iron was
so thin that the sheet was only twice the weigtt
of a similar sized sheet of ordinary note paper.
It is supposed to be the thinest iron ever rolled
in the world, and Was manufactured by the Sligo
Iron Works.
A CARD TO INVALIDS.—A clergyman, while
residing in South America as a missionary, discovered a
safe and simple remedy for the Cure of Nervous Weakness,
Early Decay, Diseases of the Urinary and Seminal
and the whole train of disorders brought on by bane=
vicious habits. (treat numbers have been already cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to benefit the
enlisted and unfortunate. I. will seed the recipe for pre.
I tes
paring a lag this medicine , in a sealed envelope, to
any a - needs it, Fret of Charge.
PI nelose a stamped envelope, addressed t 0 your
Address JOSEPH T. IsmAN,,
oct 19,1y] Sumo!: D. BIBLE RovAE, New York City.
rsrAUD—Published foe the benefit, and as a CAUTION
TO YOUNG MEN and others, who suffer from Nervous
Debility, Premature Decay of Mandood, 6cc., sapplying
at the same time THE MEANS 01 HELF.Cum By one
who has cured hititself after undergoing considerable
Quackery. By enclosing a post paid addressed envelope,
copies may be had of the author
SATHANIEL MAYFAIR, Esq.,Brooklyn, Magi Co..
N. Y. deal4.lm