The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, February 17, 1864, Image 2

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    ‘ , 4
tradian %.ppoAittivg.
lard, of Richmond;
.PP.• 'Mi. — C. B. itibtkraimn '
Now York ; G.M. Briggs, Philadelphia; Shryock,
sued by order of the Confederate Congress; pp.
M.—Same publishers. •
Estvan, a Confederate Colonel: pP:3S:..—D. AP
platen & Co., New. York; Shryock, Chambers
parg. -
Of the More than four score histories,
• biographies ; narratives, &c., relating to, the
present war, which we have pdrused, we
have read none With more interest than the
record of • this bloody drama: itt made up by
our enemies,.ita,treasonable authors. Head
ley and Abbott have their popular histor
• ies, dazzling with - iomaime arid' faicioting
'in style,, but imperfect jilt all the elements
-of standard history ; and Smucker, and
„half a score of others, have crowded the
press with volunies of but middlingmerit.
But all - have been more or less widely pireu
bited and read, because of the absorbing in
terest felt in the great struggle .involving
'• our National existence. To these must be
' added the ponderous volumes of, Putnam's
Rebellion Record, Harpers' elegantly exe
cuted History, now being published, and
- hundreds of individual narratives of corn
respondents, officers, and half-fledged, his
torians, which-have risen to the dignity of
Muslin cover's: But from. all these the in
• telligent student will turn to learn from our
enemies. The works before us display the
highest literary' ability, aid will be invalua
: ble when the future historian comes to his
mighty task of recording how treason be,,,
• trayed a government ; startled the world,
with its bloody work, and then faded out in
desolation, dishonor and •death. -
-.. Nearly three years ago the first shock of
. • battle between the hosts of loyalty and tree
' son was witnessed on the memorable field
of Manassas. The Unions army went forth
emiftdent 'in, its strength, and with the heart,
' . of the Nation beating, high with the hope
of a decisive triumph. The rebel capital
was deemed an .easy conque4t, and there
_ , were feiv who believed the war could last I
beyond the limits,' of a single campaign.
But on the 22d of July the fond expects
' thins Of the. North were exchanged for the
keenest disappointment and humiliation.
• On Sunday, the 21st, the conflict which was
to overthrow rebellion and, restore peace to
the United States was fought, and the goy
_ ernrnent and the people were alike appalled
at its , disastrous issue. The*undiseiplined
three menths'Arolunteers, brave but unskill
• Ca in. the terrible work of war, and sadly'
wanting in courageouivid competent corn
: menders, were, by the aeeident of the hour,
routed in utter confusion, and driven in dis
may. upon' their Capital.
.Over 350 loyal
hearts lay chilled in death' upon the aban
, -doned field ; 1,500 fell With ghaStly wounds,
and most.of these, with many others, were
left captives in the hands of the triumphant
• foe. - The country; unschooled iii the sad
- sacrifices of war, was shadowed in tneurn
• hag over its fallen sons, "and the crushed
- hopes and threatening future, made the
boldest and bravest tremble for the safety
of the Republic. "
• , Nit:victor and vanquished now alike point
• •to the issue of that struggle as a dire dis
aster:to the cause of the - South. The rebel
historian, in his review of the events of the
first year of the 'war, pronounces it
r unfortunate victory of Aignasias ;" and sub
sequent events, as recorded in the second
„volume, which closes with the discomfitures
of. Vicksburg and Gettysburg, point with a
• 'conclusiveness that logic cannot impair, to
the Over-ruling power that humiliated a
great 'Nation in the day of its pride, to teach
it the high and sacred duty before it. - Had
- Manassas been a decisive victory for the
Union arms, the rebellion might have been
dissipated ; compromise, would have inflict
,. ed ;deadliest stab. at The vitals of the Re
public, and fireasons.would have again filled
the places of honor and power,.and renewed
= its mingled perjury and treachery in every
„; . department - of the.government. The prea
entsetteration might have been spared this
deadly struggle at the cost of honor apd the
• sacrifice of the very genius of our. Free In
stitutions; 'but the great conflict between
' Right and Monstrous Wr,ong--between Free
- dam and the devouring crime of 'Slavery,
*MAI have beets postponed, Ind averted;.
:and each year. Treason would have gathered
might, and poisoned •the hearte and pare
' lYied the arms of the North, and did made
a continent' an' easy •prey to its wicked
schemes Of dismemberment, pp presio n and
" anarchy. Nit the All-wise Ruler inter
'posed His hand, and the day of hurnilia
tion and sorrow - over the lost field and cruel
• sacrifices, of Manassas, Were but the sore
• • 'trials which called us to appreciate the full
• measure of our peril, and whose full frui
„tit:41.411 bless mankind with a redeemed,
&enthralled and Free Republic.
—The task of the rebel historian isoiie of
painful embarrassient. He must confront
every . principle :of humanity and justice,
, 'aid every obligation of the citizen to justify
his Cause ; and it is not wonderful that his
pages should 'abound with
,the most sch,h
ing denunciation of riders who attained
their power -by: perjury and usurpations and
‘ wield it onlyby drenching our fair hintiWkit,
frternel blood. ; Pollard is unsparing iii his
ecuidenatiation-of the tyranny he aided to
,He objects hiding the, mad
, =_li*:`Of - the, ,r,etrejrulers, and to • piecing
--"over-the whOle. gilded teas' Of falsehood:
AliaTtigtire of i s Jefferson Davis, the sec,'
and Daniel et - itife \ to judgment." Et pro
- mionces the rebel 'cabinet nothing more;
than "it collection of d mmiee," and 40- I
gla r es tiiit it "'has rea* , no constitutional 1
existence." ' He says . that "drunken patri-_
'ots, cowards in epaulets, crippled toadies, 1
and men-living on, the Cha.ritriaf ATefferstiiii 1
Davis,-are trained' to damn all newspapers
in the South for pointirig out abuses in pla
ces of authority;" and that " dim crear,
tures would conceal all he shortcomings of
the administration , an represent-that our
army was perfectin di ipline, and iii3mae ,
elate in morals, &c., a 1 for the purpose .of
wearing a false mask t the enemy." Thus
defiantly does the firstirebel historian:of the
war denounce the great usurper, at the very
throne of his,"powei.
The causes "which led to the war arc dis
cusseil by Pollard with more than usual
candor and with gYeat ability, but Of course
from the extreme So thorn stand point:—
Slaver); was certain. . .le restrained in its
aggressions and restri ted in its dominions,.
and therefore it had gO to war to escape
li n
the growing convictio of a free and intelli
gent people against i s brutalizing tenden
cies and its witherin desolation. He pas
ses hastily over the uprising of the North
which culminated. in IVIr. Lincoln's election ;
declares him a "" 41ghtful combination of
a western LaWyer wi h a Yaakee bar keep
er ; "repeats as a matter - of history, the
New York Herald' s slander about Lincoln
going to Washington disguised in a Scotch
cap and Military Ol al: ; details the bora
laardment of Sum r and tells how its capiy
tulatien " was insta tly announced in every
part of the city by the.ringing of bells, / the
pealing, of cannon, the shout's of co / lners
dashing through the streets,landl f
by every
indication' of general rejoicing."/ It. was
SlaVery!eterrible arbi
traipent axle swot , and its first victory—
the sure precursei fits speedy hUrniliation -
and death: Thebattle of - Bull' Run, or
Manassas, -is des4lbed , fullY and fairly ;
the blundering accidents of the day on both
'sides acknowledge • ; with impartiality, and
the ultimate routl
6f the Union army is
. conceded 'to have ',been the worlr.i of chance
and panic rather) than a defeat. All the
works before us, i 4 , 'their narratives of that
conflict, declare tat the rebel army was
several' times on,ithe point of utter discern- .
fiture. Pollard says, that when Heintzel
man threw his dis)ision into the action, the
rebel lines gave - way, and adds that "as our
shattered battalio ns retreated., the slaugh
ter was deplorable ; " and - again he says—
" Under the iiieforable stre.sslof the ene
my's fire the retreat was continued. The
enemy seemed tolbe' inspired with the idea
that he had won Ithe field, " . " * "
and our troobs fell back. sullenly." Gen.
Bee approached Geri. Jack* with the ex
ral, ±hey. are beating us
back," to. wilicl Jackson replied—" Sir;
we'll give - trem It he bayonet," whereupon
Geq. Bee succeeded in rallying his routed
troops with the --
rds` o There is Jackson
standing like a st o ne-wall.- Let us deter
mine to die here ) i," At noon le says "the
condition of the] battle r field Was now, -at
the lea*, desiaerate, and our left was 'over
powered," but Giens.Jplinston.and Beaure
gard rushed - to he front;and after the most
earnest efforts s weeded in re establishing
the rebel liue , o battle, and after a struggle
which he d ' beg as " unutterably su
blime;". the U ion columns were-broken,
and be says, " he rout became • general and
confused ; the fields were covered with
bla t ck swarms o flying soldiers; while cheers
and yells taken up along -our lines for:the
distance of miles rung in the ears - Of the
panic-stricken agiti v es. " Of the - effect of
the news in th South he says, that "the
results of the ietory of Manassas were, on
the first days oi' its full announedinent, re
ceived as indiclttive of a speedy termination
of the war. The advance of our army upon ,
Washington was impatiently expected.— 1
A few days pa i ised, and it beeame .known to I
the almost indignant disappointment of the
people. that onr army had no -thoughts of
.t ,
an advance u . 'on the Northern capital.,"—
Thus does the historian record - the fruits of
the first re.bel ictory--eornplaining that it
turned to ash s in their hands, and a year
Later, When h came to sum up the full
fruits of thati ,.. ts4.4nph he declares it • the
unfortunate v" etOny_of Manassas !" ' That
Wasnington could have been captured
without a se 'ens struggle hail J,olinston
and Bcaureg rd followed up the defeat of
Bull Run, d es not admit of doubt, and
With mingled truth and sorrow does Pollard
refer to it as "a: lost opportunity " that,
has since been 4 .` repeated to the South
with additions of misfortune." But one
thing., it is 41w confessed, saved onr,Capi
tal from rebel hands, and it.: carries with it
a moral of fearful import. 'The advance of
the rebel tr ps was restrained by the re
liance of
leaders upon Demo ,
a ti
antic assay aces given in the North,] that
they would et matte' in.& war upon their
"Southern brethren." This vain hope'l
stayed' the t 'timPhaint advance of treason,
lest an assanit upon - the Nation's - 'Capital
*Quid aro4 the people to such a, spirit of
- rVaistanze at to render impotent those who
were to paralyze thc,PreeStates by a diver
gen in favor of the rebels. . Thus 'did
Northern treachery , perform one good work
in the hi lt ' . ry of this war, however faith-1
less the p ose, - : ' ' : '
Col. Es an, whose little Volume is most'
, graphipajly I yrritter i , was ; in the tractle, of
Bull Riot 4, R a rebel offieer,and ho 4tudidly
,=puts-at rest the ioUg - . disputed question as,
'to the \ shoeftiot, barbaritiespraeticed by the 1
rebels trebo,after they had iron the field',
.says: I ',, - ' - - ,', ,-I" - :.
-4, Like, a, tlunderbolt.?.Kirliy. - - Smith' fell .
upon the foe ; our tnen fought desptrateln
and in a moment the Federal troops, who
I. -
lie SniWin Birsi l pnii; *bruarli 1.7, 1864.
had felt certaiu - ofvictou, were everywhere I
diiven back. - ,ea,reeiy had they comme4ce4
retiring, when it became impossible to res
train our troops. A giant Texan,
,th rowing
away his rifle, took out his Bowie-knife, With
one blow he split the skull of a wounded man
who had fallen to the ground, and this became - 1
the signal for a general butchery. Like cild
beasts, the, incensed soldiery fell upon their
victims, hewing; stabbing, slashing like had
men! _ :- •
‘, A fearful panic. seizes
upm the , Federal
1 troops. Even the bravest fly before such an
onslaught--,they give way tnd in 'mortal
fear, !Armors and men run foi .heir liveslike
startled deer. j * * * * The savage
spirit of our scildiers now. dinost bordered
upon the, horrible. BEAUII,E(ARD TOO Ap-
dered his whole ariny forwarc i aud.,vnthiwild
exultant cheers fell upon thebroen eneiny.
Stuart had collected all his ckvalfy tog ther
and swept across Oil plain' lke'awbirlwind,
clearing everything before lin]: . -I
. f 6 The enemy was now a full flig t at
every point, and so quick' vas our ad anal
that all . ordenin our Tank Was lost , A
rumor suddenly spread tlia Kirbymith
had fallen. A cry of 'anger and horrol
sed through the ranks of th whole army.—
Our troopa-now maddened with rage s fen
mercilessly upon their opponnts, and al ear
ful massacre commenced. Senes of ho "ble
cruelty too fearful: for desorption ea-- -
Our men' were 'no longer, hunian b 'ngs ;
covered with' blood and dust and gun 'powder,
they fell upon their flying oponents with un
fury !" : .
Such is-the description if a' rebel par 7
ticip'ant of. the " fraternal' chara4er
the. men who have anton war,. and
Who, with 'their Nortlirn hypocritical
allies, -whinel for the oliilbranch or: cou,- .
cession and compromise l . 1 ' :
Pollard follows the warwith patk
ergy and commendable cador throi
its varying.;vicissitudes doln to Getty"
He reviewsithe varionscmpaigns al
with a mosteattstic pen, ad is um
. .
in his sci4icisnis upon - th'tyranny
ordinate ambition of Davi. In 'his
at the dose of the two yeai he eliargi
the folly and vanity of Dris the re
bility of most of the dissters , - the
have suffered. He says hat -Congj
complished nothing.; "dl - its le
was patch work." - Thecabinot, h
" still served as a ridicreps cyphe
of Davis he adds : : , , , •
"The military pragniatm of the esident
was his worst lailiag. - 4. had treat d Price,
one of the -earliest herds ,f the w4r, with
cold and insolent :neglec. He ad con
strained GustaVus Smith.° resign, and de
prived the country. of ontof its m st brif
liant generals. He had !c k o
p . the tt fair ,op-
I :
portunity of a sick roc
et! n the. ; part of
Beauregard. td deprive hh of his cOmmand
in the west and „give it .1 a fa "Vorite. He
had even attempted to pi Jackson'in lead
imr' string's, for it was th(President4l order
that7set bounds to his Junius Winchester
expedition:, and - that ytuld have timidly
recalled him from 'his spndid campaign in
- the Valley. There was'reason touppose
that Lee's return from to territory of the
North was constrainedy the vie,e of the
Executive ; and-that th'Presidentlwho had
once defeated the capire of Washington
I by his - interference at tl first fiel of Man
assas, had again repea& - his inter eddling,
removed a deeisiie vie% from. the grasp of
the -army, and turned bat the war[for years.
While he quarreled withuch men; as Price,
Beauregard, Gustavus Sith and p'ohnston,
he "maintained such fanit:es asl, - Holmes,
Heti', Lovell and Pembeon. Nd man was
ever more severeigninhilikes and.dislikes.
Favorites 'were elevatedto poivtir,' and the
noblest'spirits consigned, obscurity by the
tirof-a,:.ingle man in thConfedCracy, and
that man, one of the stmgest .prejudices
the harshest obstinacy, al the mist ungov.
ernable fondness for favctes."
, ...
Such was Pollard's ,tituate
after two-years of trialand it i
cant fact that the - only istory d
front the rebel side appaeltin
ness, thus loads - the r;el chie
blood of his countryme
"The recoil at Getsbnrg was fatal,"
says Pollard; " and theeturn of Lee's ar
to its defensive lis in'Virginia, was
justly regarded in the Euth as t. reverse in
the general fortunes othe coqcst." He i
.-- ...
complains that whe4 tineWs as received!
of Lee's_ disaster, " flteniptation of des...'
pair was again whisper; to we l l * minds,"
and the towing finatal em4rraasments,
with the." cupidity," 'n , elope among the
planters, by- the temntri t . sell cotton
to the 'Union -Men on be Mi -issippi, all
conspired to 'make thelose 9i the second
1 year,,of the war, any thg but! hopeful on
the part of the instirges., Tbe results of-,
'..Gettysburg and Vick Ai are iiet reviewed
by Pollard, but he prolies alminute and
faithful `account of theauseS r and . eonse-
Clu'enees of . these'disa.46 in the third vol'. l
nine, not yet . issued. re, noticed, in the
Richmond ,Sentinel, a fr days age,'his ad-.,
vertisement for the thi yolunie,,,,iu which:
lie' said that it wouldbssuCksoon,, "pro-
piclec?paper could liericura:for It!" If!
he'regirded 'the - finees 'as threateningi
them with deitruetitii'm 18 3;'' when the
'currency was at a , diseef ofl.l at nine hun,-.
B - per cent:, what itt, be h sToriduSions
io ' his review ,of thethl !yea t !, lif :the war,
when the eur6noy hasireoltted . to twe,n-1
'ty five -hundred per certm, id,.,the, issue
.of his history is questiable If e9tm9 , o f the
fact that paper calif:Mt; had in die'whoiel
eoniedeia - e0 ' ' . -' i ' ' _, 1
As i'specitnen Of thtecuritipiof 'histor- ,
iio 'On , both sides,-' irileorit'g events,in.
the enetnyrs country ; 1 iiv+Pollard!a ac's
donut - of ;S knertV raiill6hambersburg
in 1862. 'He says "t: expedition - .pens,
trated Othartibersbui,' b.4t. `,` net with
no resikonee, , -aeotimubdlie stores, and
#OPPl4lled'tiothitOondiherOults of
,sti.r.4?.copn9l,sapc . e,' and..tivveri'der 'Of one; of
the Most rapid"‘SpOkL .
iitgpf the'behaviouithe reliel troops ill'
oiii..theiitrtit'eki)etini,iiitiloiat kiil,:jle
........ •
-sayezi ~ ' • - . . : 11 - : 1 - ,;;- . , - .., .~
- i 4 Thi4s eipeditieti 1e he 'Yankees' fr"- , .'
In ar'kabiti - . B6uVen'it•T'ef'luthOli , elitialrv: I
Pril;cite jifidpiTtlPtva'sitiirrii ty 44speded*
our troop's; lankee chaps I were treated J
with scinpiloue regard, and many kindness-.
Were. shown' the 'alarmed : people
knightly' style, whichwoUld have been
ditable to l us had .it-not been made •ridiculoue
by 'excess pf courtesy, and a tender and cer,
emonions politeness which was in very ah
surd contrast to the Manner of the •enenrY,
On entering Chambersburg, the soft.mani
nered rebels,' as Col. McClure, the -"anteir
commander - .of the post described them; trea
ted him with the most-lender politeness.' ,In
deed the narrative of this Officer's experience
furnishes a curious'leaf in the histerr , of the
war. To the great amusement cif the people
of the North, Col. Mcbliny.gav'e a long ac
count in the newspapers of the attained iv
airy of our troops. He related f#` ow they had
thanked hink for being canard,' when he
told theni th'at he was a Republican ; how he
was politely asked for food by the officers;
and hOw a private in Stuart's, terrible corit-'
mand had 'with a.profound bow,' asked for
a few 4eouls to light a fire.'?
'We presume that there is now nil escape
from us going down in rebel history as .the
"'Yankee commander of the, Post," -when
Stuart captured Chambersburg ; but tii4
positive assurance:that ", private - property
was. unifoirolY respected" by. the rebel
troops reads most awkwardly to IA and re
calla iather vividly the recollection of half
a score of horses we must haVe begged Stu
art to accept in return forthe " inosttender
- politeness,'',with ; whieli his 'command tree!
,We know - by
• the 'saddest exp - eri
-ence that the horses disappeafed with Stu
art in the "knightly style" 'of the "South
ern chivalry," and as history assures us
.that " priiate property as uniformly res
pected," the " excess of bOurtesk". and the
"tender and ceremonious politeness" with
which we were treated by the chivalrous
must have won them from our generous
,appreciation of the honor conferred by the
appearance of such, distinguished guests at
• nt en
it g h all
!shut. i g.
arid in-
—The 'official record of battles from rebel
officers is valuable as a. work of referenee,
and :will be ihdispensible inmaking up the
hisiory of the War. The whole of the works
are re-printed from the Richmond edition
in the best style; and mug, command a large
ess ac-
e says,
TEI, United States Service Magazine is a
new monthly'of 1.12 pages, got up in the
very, best style of the typographical art,
anti bearing evidence of marked ability in
all its various departments. It has leading
articles on Chattanooga, with a map; The
A.Northern and Western Lakes; A few Facts
about Artillery:, A Modern Fable with an
International Moral; The ,Use of Iron in
FOrtificationsv Greek Fire and other Infla
, mables Modern War, in Theory and Prac
tice ; Rambles over the Field. of Gettysburg ;
with the 'Burial at Gettysburg in Poetry,
the Editer'si Department, and a complete
el iterne Of_Army and ?lavy Intelligence.
"later Rambles over the Field of Gettys
'lmrg" arc from the pen of Professor Ja
r cobs : of Gettysburg, and are to be contin
ued. The Editorial direction of this peri
odical is in, the hands of Prof: Henry 'Cop
pee, of Alio University of Pennsylvania—a
gentleman of high literafrY attainments, and
well schooled in . military science. He is
not entirely-unknown in Southern Pennsyl
vania, having tendered his valpable services
to the State during the rebel invasions of
1862 and 1863, and rendered most essential
aid to the authorities.. The Service Mitga
iire, under-his control, 'must take the very
rront rank as a standard military journal,
and the wide spread-interest' fblt in all that
pertains to =the war .Should give- it a largo
popular circulation. Price $5 per annum.
C. B. Richardson, 596 Broadway, New
of Davis'
1' the war
-with the
THE AMERICAN Exchange and Review,
for -January, has an able' arti9le on The
Rate of Interest; another on Phil - Mail; a
rad and thrilling description of The Field
of Gettysburg after theßattle ;- a . searching
review of War Charges and War Pay l ents;
,a curious article on Mormon 14gisl ion and
(Church Teraporalities, and an': e paper
ion Quicksilver. It" also has sinsurance,
..LVlonetari; and 'other departMents saljus
tained. $3 per aura* Whitii.44"Ctc.;
Phitadelphii. -
!^ THE historical llggarine, for. January,
hasa rich caricature, of an early fracas in
'COngress.;' an English journal of, the'Siige
Of Savannah ; Historical Notes'ori Slavery
in the-NortherrColonieS and States ;' an in
teresting papei. on John Campbell, the pub 7
lisher Nclf the first American Newspaper;
another on Early Elong \ ressional 'Customs;
Notes and Queries,. and other valuable his
torical, information. $3
,per. annum. C.
R. Richardson,
.596 Broadway, Ne' York.
THE Continental Monthly, for February;
opens with an interesting,paper on Thomas
Jafferscin as Seen" by the tight of 1863, by
Mr. - Sheldon ; an article oh the English
Press by Mr. , Rowe, of.Lond*; a review
of Mr. Chase!F, Treasury Aepori i ly F. P.
Stanton, and other, ,contributions,fsome of
,are anonymous; but all tiddine to
the gradually' ibereasingt.excellence 'of the
.itio*natbd. Price $3. John F: Trove, New
York. - "
President has signed the act - r,eeentlY.passed
by Congress, - providing thatlvfticles of cloth
ing,,being manufactured of wool, cotton or
linen, and eoinprised in apackage not e"*.ceed
ing two pounds in weight, addressed, to any'
non-commissioned officer . or private ser . vin,g
in the armies of the United States may be
transmitted-in the mails of the United States
at the rate of eight cents, JO be-ir. all eases.
prepaid, for every four. 'ounces, or airy frac
tion thereof, subject td suOt regulations as
the -Postmaster -General May prescribe."—:.
Other materials than . .those,atove specified if
sent by mail, must be pi`6-pairbyptarnii s at
let-ter rates--three cents fbreverrhalf ouneo',
.9r ifraCtiPli s tlier,C9f-: - f „
ALWAY's piinish•Your children far trilftillY
disobeying you, but never putfisit in anger
Slavery the Cautie of the BRebellion.
Cooper Institute, on the Ist ,inst, New
York, was Riled with an audit ce
who had come -to hear, an QXpoption of the
views of Edward W. bantt - , late a Genert
in ; the Rebel army, on the' subject of our:
great National struggle, ant the means of
captaining a speedy and periiiirtent
On the platform were Dr. Tkng,-Judge Daly,
Wm.. 0.. Bryant, Gen. -Anderson, and ntiier
persons of, note. Gen,_Ganft was introduced
by Wm:B. Dodge, and was ..received with
hearty acclamations of applause. When it
had subsided, he said :
Our country' hid been sepanated too much
in sentiment and impulse; anti Providence,
which directed alike the destinies of individ
uals and of nations, was to weld us by war
into one hOmogeneohs and poWerful nation.
The local institution that has had stood be,
tween two sections had been broken down by
the' war; we begin better. - [Applause.]
am glad to meet 80 many citizens of your
great State. The State that I have the honor
to represent has been linked to you for many,
year; in destiny trade and a common senti,
meat, inure than with any other part of the
United States. tut we have been strangers
a long time ;. and While you have prospered,
We have been impoverished, while you have
become great and powerful, we have become
deSolated. "Arottri some 'of your,firesides
mourning sits ';ours are ; alldrapcd i sorrow,-
we have a cou - atry drenched in blood`; we
have a eountry . , , aosolated; our towns and Vil
lages are well-nigh impOverished ; our'people
either sleep upon, gory battle-fields or - in
silent grave-yards all over the - land, or are
held by the force of-bayonets to the vilest
and most loathsome despotism that ever held
man in Slavery upon the face of the, earth.
The New Yorker who years ago visited our
sunny clime , would be much struck with
these sad changes. - Few of the old familiar
friends he used to meet would now greet him.
Itut .b• would be' more struck with the Change
of sentiment tliat has come over our Teeple
since the institution of Slavery brought the
country into the vortex of civil war. We
thought if war commenced and we told you
so,'and eve belieVed iCconscientionsly, that
grass- would grow inthestreets of New 'fork
-Gee. N. Sanders said so, and I believed it;
and in spite of rnyselfovhen I came into the
city, I lookod'out to _See if there Was not a
sprig or ;two. But I - never saw so-ninny
peiple inlmy He. If Jeff. Davis -could go
out cOnsdripting here he could catch more
men than there are in the whole Davis limits:
Aid you' have become wealthy, you have in
creased in trade; in commerce, public im
provements, and publicbuildirks.-- You did
not know much about fighting when yOu,
commenced. I presume many of - you be
lieved with us That if you were deprived of
cotton you would be destroyed, and that-you
could not. do without slave, labor. , But you
have done'without it-'--yOu can do' without
it You came, however, to the conclusion
that it was . the province, of New York „to
fight for the
,Union, and' I tell you the time
will never ems in your hi!itbry. when-you
can cease to fight for the Union: [Applause.]
The war will. pass aWay and n new order of
things Will - come up. • Neiv 'York cannot
afford to do without Arkansas, and Arkan
sas cannot Alford to do without_ New York ;
but the peale-at , liny-pribe men would let Ar
kansas sind allow the men' who. had lived
. ,
in, suffering and privation waiting for the
flag to come-=Would let them go and be Can-
Scripted by Jeff. Davis and allow Arkansas
to go out of the sovereignty ,in - which - New
Torkiiiiheund up. The time is approaching
Wile*thOge who; love their cOuntry will look
tu b e means
,that will insure permanent
pe. and the most rapidly recuperate us
from bbur misfortunes. There are manyques,
tions preSenting themselves. which you do
not take hold of with that freshness and pow
er that Southern people, who are looking' ta
the future of tkemsetves, and their country, the habit of doing. We begin ) to see
our way clearly. .It IS true; much is to be
done.' Three hundred thousand men in arms
are not to be laughed at—are not to be -des
pised. If you were to lay down your arms
and call them to meet' you in a Peace Con
vention, they would flame like a comet
over the:land. and leave desolation wherever
they Came. But the United States havethe
power and you ha* the qetermination, to
have the flag of the country borne .until it
shall wave over mFery portion - of it. [Cheers-3
' - 'ii hat h the- cause of thiswar ? . 'We in-the
Sou h understand what is the cause of this
War; and we are goinir, to treat the Case- ;Wts
will not have our children subject to thesamo
suffering and anguish that, we have felt:
We know that there is but one disturbing
elemiMVin the country. We know that there,
is hilt one tree of evil; and we intent:lJ° lay
the, ez at the root of the tree._ 7 [Great cheer
ing.) Had there been no negro Slavery.
there would Wive been - no war. [Cheers.]
There never was any bitter Contest .in the
,country that near° Slavery, was nut the corn
erstone of it. 'What was it we - tried to
compromise - year after year ? Was it horses,
was it dogs,- was itsats,,was,it women'; Why'
no'; it was the question of iitlgro Slavery.—,
It was always some kind of 11`w guartintees"
for negro Slavery. A great many of :in said
the Constitution would not do. because it
didn't protect negro Slavery enough. ' And
now some northern 'men are afraid the, Con
stitution will be' chimged So it will not pro
' feet SlaVery. • Weattempted ' to'Settle this
queStion by-diplomacy And statesmanship.---'
We could not, What did I say myself,
L--and I .was al very 'good', type' Of a Pro-
Slavery man—l Said if the Constitution. 'of
our fathers would not protect Slavery ;. no:
guarantees would do it, I, wanted to give.
that power an expansion west Ward to the
beettni, and in andther, direction to takd in,
Cuba, and part Of Mexico, and ail' We _could
get beyond; .I:ten-talk 'about compromise;
.but :the Southern • peeple- would - riot haVe
_anything to. ~ cempromise. A ,man"
Could not have Stood' up before that ocean of
passion. and talked-about compromise 'ea
kept t* head - tin his shoulders. And yetmen
talk about sending peace commissioners down
there ' heir l', [Laughter.] The question'could
not be compromised., .and . we Submitted it to
the last. arbitrament, that of the sword: But
I ern a l little too fast ;' we said We are willing
:to. do it ; we didn't - believe We : should: do itr
Times have changed, and now, unless a_mun
is iiPolitical'haek he will March boldlytip to
the enestron ;presented; and not be afraid of
being. called.a- tu
.. rn-coat, : or tis - they say, a.
, 'idimned AholitiOnist:" In the South N ., lien.
'the'strliggle'coinineheedlthei4 were but two
idgas:antlAlie.y.-;revolved round. ,tbeSnegra- ; '
one Was, wg should stay in the• Union toile
tea; thii( netro'; - the Othei'veas to, ge - oilt, still
to proteet `the negro; 7' Well, I.' ''went 0u1.,7':
and m'ade,.,My ; light far the negro,. AndAattind
before you' . one of those Objects tylioni - certiiii
laChry nibs eiptiopleclif thd•--' Nerth ittadVer gig'
"subjugated Secessionists !" [Laughter and
cheers.)d p•t`
l ' r t e rl o
yotstpoBerouta Mony of my Nrhemfrierds { ? Sitting down
holding on to the •
nigger ! I have had my fight about this
thing., I have beenshot at more times than 1.
have got negroes. { I don't think a - white
man's life ought to be put up against the pi e .
.perty he has in a negro. [Gee. Anderson
entered at this time, and cheering ensued for
{ several minutes.] I do not recollect exactly
{ where I left off. Oh, yes, I left :My Aim,
crane. friends hOlding on, to :ii. niggeir.
[Laughter.] I had enough of that question,
-an .1
_have let. loose my,
'they haVe - conftseated them' all except. one; .
and Mt. Lincoln has pardoued me, and the
; negro he set free. And so, between him and
Jeff. Davis,lheyhave pretty well broke me
upon the negroguestion. I notieed when I
came North, a r!subjugated Secessionisy' a
certain class of pertons affected to motirtptoer'
my severe fortunes; but while it was known
:that I quit the Rebel service reenrdingit as
Corrupt and foul, and ..because'7Jeff: Dari 3
'takes the last thing in the world a Southern,
Union man has, 'I
do not hear them sap That
is hard. But just let Congress pass a law
about confiscating Rebel horses or. Degrees.,
and yon,hear them begin to raise a ,howi.___•
I do not - mvielf believe in a sweeping contis.
cationact.' I tell my. people the North will
welcome them back not sullenly but with re
joicing all over theland. Its to the leaders
i do not believe you have any great pattiali-
ty for them. Had - there been no negro slavu
ry there would have been no technical North
and South. - To bemire, some saw it' was the
tariff ; but they could have had their Low
ells and Manchesters in Arkansas, had it not
been for negro slavery; Others say it is he- ,
cause Southern politicians lost power in_ ther
government. What-made them_lose power?
Becaii - Se they had the eternal negro,stuck in
all their platforms. You based your s`access
and we based ours on that. You.. knoiv it
and I know' it. But let us not abuse each
other; let us go ahead ,to uphold the.fhig all
oirer-the land, and when that is done, let Jos
remove the cause of the war. .tegro Slavery
is the disease. I Let us :treat that. A man
comes to a quack doctor with a nail in his ; •
area; The doctor poultices both ends of the'
arm and puts poultices on the patient's back,
but never draws out the nail. And that-le
the may some.Wouid treat this ;National di-..
sease. But we have suffered terribly et the
South, and all our 'sufferings, and deprive
tare s
can be traced to negro Slavery, and we
{ are determined to extirpate it 'forever.—
;[ObeerS.] Ido not care {what we are called.
I have „got
_past that. 'Yotinever can have
pease while slavery exists. Since the gun
; tion was submitted to the,arbitre:ment of. the
l sword, and the Abolitionists haVe let us alone
{ another party conies and says yoti shall hero
Slavery whether yea ..want it ; or not. , The
moment the. Abolitionists ceased, talking .
about it, the peace-at-any-price party took, it
Up and said, you shan't{ come, back: without
you have Slavery.,This is the way these
`people reason. e have ' got to start life
I anew ; . we want peace ; we want a peace that
is permanent. You have not felt the . war
as we ; have; Ohr land is' watte, Mid' _our
children are nearly Upon the pant otstarva
ton ,; therefore it behoves us to look ,aboui.
and see if we can avoid this trouble in the
future. We know'we cannot have perma
nent peace While negro slavery .exists; we
cannot recoverTrom out misfortunes if negro
Slavery is allowed to remain. I have studied
this question of Slavery, a little. {My frac
titiosner: was a very hitter man on the Slavery .
question; Just for ' lilt,' fun of th'e thing, NYE.
usexito.slip through the N. Y. Tribune.. It'
:was a fire}irandy pit know, We- did. it
Lquietly in our office:, But, as I said;tim , m
are changed; and I read Tire Trilnine noW, .
and-it is a right ghod paper; and 1 read Tito
Times and herald, and all of them. You
do not have to talk about humanity to. the
negro, but humanity to the white man; says .
take this thing_ out of the way and let the
Government go on._. I tell you solemnly' lie=
fore Heaven, one way twrestore
this Government, and that is to plus_ yo.uu
columns forward. "Do you suppose:Mit I, a
Southern man, would'come and' ore you.
to send the{ dagger to the heart of my eeple
With every impulse of mine throbbing with
them ? No,Sir ;-- hilt I do not want { - to see
this. weir drag along to add still. mote. to • our
sorrows and woes.. Iwant a quick, ppwer
fat blow struck' that the whole thing_ may{
collapse. - And when you talk about mitsraiii
to them and about-electing peace canditlatel
to the Presidency you give them ait and
comfort whether you {intend{ it or. not. ;They
do look forward to this thing, and theirlead
ers tell them to hold on just twelve *nibs
longer, and' these men in power ba aver
; turned and a new party will come iu to give
them place. These articles written here are
{ circulated South, and areicommenteUtipon
in a way to suit the: Southern people, who
are led to _believe they are evidences of
Weakness - on the part OtNhe United l Stateit
'Government; mid that 4hey have much-to
hope from these things: Let platforms go
down, perish institutions, but survive my
country, and the, Country will save file Con
stitution. 'We- want to start upon the path
way of t it higher destiny, and we cannot do
this until the Governinent is restored; and
that can' never be restored;except at thawing
of the bay = onet. Gen. G.:vat described the
agricultural, mineral; and Other resources of
the State. . - . ; , . i.
I have noticed - that although neither Lin
coln nor Jeff. Davie are hieds:ome, yet Lin
,Coln's face will Lining three times as much us
as Jeff.'s in Arkansas. [Laughter and ap
plause.] The'soldier haa a late' quantity
of greenbacks, and :the '49.rkansa4 A : Urge
quantity of land - that he is glad to sell for
them, and in *ca. Yedrs his other. half will
be worth more than -the -hole of it:would
be with slavery, 'slaves, and all,, And in a
few years their - sons and daughter Will in
,itertuarty, tuld-they sv,ill get along 143 happily
as ever. All the,. tight is,out of our people.
Trade willbind'iii together; • Men willl, ride
over cotton; even thmigh •One of, thcni{wear
a blue - coat and, tire-other a gray
, ; eciftt,.-r--
[Laughter and, iipplittl`se . .], 'this, then; 'Will
:not only he the regeneration' of the country,
but the binding o; it together, and, God Al
rilightY so intended it; - he intended that
thesedwatttuti9a§ should' be 'preseived' and
uphold under all circumstances, :I get per!
fectly bewildered When I think of this great
country, whete'si, 'nag from Maine is atbome
in Louisiana:, I tell yoli the American ge
.nius.will spread all over' this land,
and She
time will conk{ when' yoin. , c,olon''es - of tan-
kees will settle alt: Oter tharleautiful: hind
of ours, and churelsekand colleges will spring
up,' where 'the 'siar:WhOop ot. ! the - Indian
'alone has been Iteis*;"tilid the time Wince aw
when-ors some-bright „Sabbath, bell will{ an
swer. to bell, ' fretWocatin to ecean, ; ,in lane
grand 'diapason. - [Cheers-1 This is nobody's
work.. It is not the - Abolitionists; it is , mot
the !Secessionists; it is : not Jeff.aiis,;.it is
rioC - Abe Lincoln; It le God A I
mighty 'that
;its...doing this work. •[t 1 1 . 6,5 e5 j r .., I,:gtst lest
fectly overpowered . :because I. - 4 -1 , 1 v,e 4 4 1 . 4 kd
this more than ; YOU'llave. Ihave beep in
wire' tight. plisces.:J [Laughter;]' l :lllivo
Imen 1 1 ? pr,ison r -aa4ria :tho , arEIVAY 4 ll l . 4 b a
pretty tight . place, in Arkansas...lryaß are
g_ood'UniOmsti i iviet ;offend you. - Ifybleare
sleff. Pavis , meriJ Want-Act offend'yOuk-and
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