Newspaper Page Text
. . f
. , .
... . . lil ~ ~.1 - --..,- 44 - , . T --- .--''' - `::7...'. 701 „. .. .: ,-'':l - . 4 : - . 1-. . • .
' r 4 I i.„-,ft. • , ' ' -- • , ' - ;:- . • . 1 ' -:.„" - -- F. ;,.-. ..
" ', '1- '.
~L •, . , '..: . _
___. -i-. i - . , - - -
-•-,... , .
• _ ,-,
~• . s .
- ; .?. !' :,- '. '',,=...,‘ _ ' '-* . •:.1. -
• . , ! '
' .....- -- --....„ ... i,_
._ \ •••„ ,
1 . ....'' • - . '.-
i • - ','f f --1. I
. i l L, 1..1
AII - I kre
.. , ••.
' ' .
-i , .
- . I
' • . '
Is . - ___ _
BY 14' CLIME & STONER.
A number of most significant Articles have
pteently appeared in iaricus leading rebel
Pipers. The-e journals Iverc among the most
"truest and influential in bringingsabs.ut the
rebellion, and their reluctant confessions now
of their, Inability to cope With the general
government in a protracted war—confessions
2_Made in defiance of the remorseless tyranny
— that has shackled the freedom of opinion—
' point conclusivelytoihe closing of this bloody
tams at an early clay,tinless unexpected and
most improbable. triumphs should be won by
thoin in the coining spring campaign.
We have before us articles from Virgidla
sod other rebel papers which, despite the
studied effort ie conceal the - whole truth,
WI a tale of exhaustion in military- resour
ces; of abject want for all.the necessaries of
life, and of growing : distrust and disaffection
touching the Davis usurpation, which clear
. ly foreshadow revolutiOn within the domin
ions of treason, unless peace shall soon give
them deliverance. - The Richmond Erami
rcer pronou es the last - year , qhe gloomiest
_zoar of, our truggle;" and adds that "no
r sanguine hope of intervention buoys up the
tspirits l of the Confedeaate public as at the
end of 1861; no brilliant victory like that of
w burg' encourages . us to look for
urd to a speedy and auc'essful iist4nination
"af the-war as in the last weeks 0f1862." It
faments that their "interior •has'been
fully narrowed by the federal rnarelftbrough
Tennessee," and that "another daringNtaid
(Averill's) has been carried Mit with cow pa:r,
. ativeimpunity to the invaders:" It complains
also that the rebel cavalry are becoming in
eflicent for want of horses, While "Lincoln's
. 'squadrons of horse threaten, to be as univer
sara -terror, as persuasive a nuisance, as his
squadrons' of gunboats were some months
ago." It says that, "the Confederacy has
been cut in twain along the line of the Mis
,sissippi, and:our enemies are 'steadily push
itm forward their plant for-bisecting th e eas
tern_ moiety;" "that financial 'chaos :s be:,
coming 'wilder and wilder—hoarders keep a
more resolute grasp than ever on thd neces
saries of life;" sand that "what was once
eompetence has become poverty; poverty has
beConte penury, and' penury is 'lapsing into
pauperism." Such are the startling confes
sions of one of the leading journals published
at th 4 rebel capital. Their dominions are
cut in twain—the remaining moiety about
to be severed—their cavalry evhausted and
ay tneansto give it efficiency i ; .their ,fman.
(ira chaos becoming deeper and deeper; com
petence is, exchanged for ' poverty on' every
Land, and poverty is beggary.
The Riehmohd—Whig, another leading
Abel .paper; publishes a leader the day fol
lowing the appearance of ,the; dismal picture
.. drawn by the Examiner, in which it shows
conclusively that it is madness to attempt to
'increase the rebel armies, for the reason that
the producing population is now unequal to
the consumption. It says that there are
now, in mid-winter, 3000 barefooted men in
Longstrect's corps alone ; that from Bragg's
army comes " a piteous appeal for blankets
and clothing;" that Lee's army is sadly de
cent in blankets and that woolen vain is
not to be had even for socks for the soldiers.
It it* also that yoUnger cattle are slaught
ered every year, and-that soon a resort must
be had to mulch cows to supply meat. It
sums up on this point by declaring that " the
- prosit; at home dbes not encourage the be
lief thOt We shall be able to armies
larger than those which are now shivering
in nakednes" it says "very little bacon is
left ; beef going and .mutton will-hardly.
feed great armies," even -if 'the sup Ply \vere
double what it:is." It laments that East
Tennessee, on tvbieh they relied,,mainiy for
• supplies; is wrested-from them, and reminds
the rebel authorities that to supply their pres
ent -armies, ' the standing crops of entire
clunties have, toes impressed at one fell
swoop," and that flour of a low grade is
'this day selling in the confederate capital at
.$l2O per batrel"-: It concludes, therefore,
that n the p . r'hsiieti. of feedbag the army al
ready: in the 91f, much - less one twice or
thrice as large, is not encouraging." It in
sists that howq'erlindispensible men May be
to replenish their shattered armies, they are
needed stilt more to produce food ' and
cfotking, and admits that "the fear of insur
rktetion " amen the slaves are wide-spread
because Of the ,ahaenee of the white men. in
the field'; that the slaves being 'without mas
ters, are increasing- in ~ n atural laziness,"
and that a " rapid and yearly increasing di
minution of Crops" is the consequence. It
abso confesses that they have not horses, are
46ficient in forage, in wagons, cars, Muskets,
einnon and ammunition. It declares that
.pee. lost Gettysburg for want of powder and
ball, and adds that with the ports "ainiost
hermetically sealed, find the nitre beds,
41 e.p.nessee wreistAl from us, it is not likely
fiat-we ever will-bare More than a full sup-
ply for tlie,nrity on its present footing." it
soins up as follows:
?! Thus, in the last analysis, we find we have an
limy poorly clad, scantily fed, indifferently equip
ped. Inidit y mountod, with insufficient trains, and
with bare enough ammunition. To _remedy the
aril, we are going to double, and if possible, quadru
ple the number of men and horses, taking sway
wary efficient master from the agricultural districts,
and /cave the laborers on whom both men and horses
depend for existence a prey to natural idleness, and
With every inducement to revolt. If this be notiu
ditial madness, the history of desperate measures
adopted by _ feeble and affrighted councils does not
;Twat Ms example," ,
The Richmond Enquirer, the only remain
organ of the , rebels at the reb I capital,
has an editorial in its issue of the 2th inst.,
fully coroberating the morecandid I 'confession
of its totemporaries. It says : .
"Where - are we drifting? Tiietendencitsoithe hour
are dangerous. The proceedings at Richmond, are
well worth the whole attention of our people at this
moment. congress hale in its hands the destiny of
the Republic. it has the determinatioyiS)f the quer-
Sir, whether it he lire or die!
'The debates and proceedings of Congress furnish
us much occasion for painful solicitude. 1 They evince
panic, rather than the cool and grave eliberation
becoming such a be In its anxiety ta restore the
currency and MI up theorms . the dangen is'imminent
that Congress sell/ bankrupt the country and neer
throto the framework of socantx
The proposition of the Spocial CMomittee on
-Finance to tax the present valtm of the Confederacy
to the amount of `ioo,oo3.ol73;sltould be entitled an
act to sell out at public auction for taxed lathe real
estate of the Confederacy to the people who have
speonlated and accumulated fortunes by the l'itp.r:
while the bill reported from the Military Committee
might be justly entitled an actin estaAlish an irre
sponsible despotism at Richmond, alt 4 ( 0 Oegree the
country, including the army,"
Thus is the rebellion reeling and tottering
at its very' capital—in the eitadelofits power.
Not a single organ 'devoted to its cause of
crime, 'but points with tremblinm i to the de
struction now manifest to all. • I .
. ._.l .
—Prom North Carolina. we have still more .
'pointed declarations • relative tol the early
crumbling twpieees of tlie rebel' powers.—
The Raleigh Daily Prot ieas of t to 23d ult.
"Peace alone can prerrnt starvation! It is folly
to talk to us about their being eue 'supplies m
the country. Such is not the 'fad, aid those who
-adhere to such a proposition will find lout, when it
is too late, that they have been mistaken.
"Confederate money is barmough, we know; but
the dearth of proviSiol23 in the market is not caused'
by a want of confidence in tbilieurrenev . . but because
the producers have nothing in:bring sn. Men who
can command means are gathering up gold. silver.
bank noteannd treasury notes, with; which to buy
pork in adjoining counties mid be thankful to petit
upon the terms and for the hard substance offered.
How then wilflf be with those who have noth—
ing but the pittance in 'Confederate Money- earned
in sewing or otherwork ? When the cUrrency of the
Government ceases to serve as a means of trade and
`will no longer buy what the soldiers and the people
want, the army and the people min resolve themselves
into a mob, and those who /arc misled and rained
them will have to ji t t for their lives. po our people
realize how near we are to this state of things? If
not, let any citizen take a small sum of money and
visit the city market some cold morn, ng.
We toll the people and the authorities that the
present condition of things cannot and will not last.
The masses of the honest, hard-working people have
been deceived and misled long en ugh, npd they
will not suffer and endure always. Peace they want,
and peace they will hare, if not upon such terms as
the leaders who have betrayed them desire, invan• such'
tears as they themselves shall prosciihe , The rich
may house their meat and bread, but we tell them
it will not-remain with them unless the poor can be
provided for. The Muscle ofthe .coluntrY will not
starve while there is bread in the laro.
"Peace, such a . peace as statimmenland honest ru
lers might obtain for us, would give na en abundance
of all creature comforts at reasonable juices—would
reward honest toil with an abundant harvest: but
war, a continuation of the war, will rob us of all so
cial and political rights, and mithei the many the
slaves of the few."
In another article, the isine ' paper says
that "there is not another man 01 spare from
the farms or other industrial pUrsuits of the
country, and a further draft u n this class
will be fraught with the most d astrous tcon
.sequences." , 1
1 The Raleigh (N. C.) Statfard Is alsolead
in its dentmeintion of the rel4l authorities.
It declares that if an attempt is made to en
force the 'universal conscription " the people
of North Carolina will take thk, r . own affairs
into their own-/tank.,, and will! proceed, in
conventions assembled to vindicate their li
berties." It says " they will not submit to
the destruction ofjtheir rights personal and
civil," and add,--"woe tothe Official charac
who shall- attempt to turn the arms of
Confederate soldiers against tl - e people." It
says "we are now reaping' he bitter fruits of
'peaceable secession,' in forcing from our
once happy and peaceful homes i into the army
nil from 18 to 45," and it appls to the peo
pie of North Carolina to trustjthe rebel lead
ers nchlongcr, and calls for a "State
vention of the sovereign peo p le to take into
consideration what is best to e done to re
lieve our people." It does na l t conceal its
purpose to favor immediate peace and return
to the old Union. ' ;-
The Mobile (Ala.) Register. the ablest and
dercest secession journal in thfr Gulf States,
joins in the protest againgt, the attempt to in
crease the rebel armies, .It says it is de
manded by the rebel authorities " that nine
tenths of the producers be pot in the field,
'and Women, children and dotards be left
alone to clothe and feed our ai.my. In other
words,' we want everybody to go into an army
atreadnaked, hungry anti ill,-equipped; and
nobody to 'support them." Thp Atlanta (Ga.)
Intelliyeneer says that " ertfigros desires
what was neverknown in the civilized world
—the entire population 9f t 4 country aban
doning all civil pursuits and ticking up arms."
The Montgomery (Ala.) Ma(l, speaking of
the preparation to enforce a *lend conscrip.
tion in the South, says': "Oirry out the re
commendation in reference t increasing the
army, and put the 4hole mate population in
the service, and-uvaitre vannOished and over
run before the first of next September; not
by Lincoln's army, but by starvation." The
Macon (Ga.). Tclegraph also Ljoins in the *pro:
test, and the Cblumbus (G-4,.) Sun says that
the proposition would "make Davis as Much
an autocrat as is'the Czar eßussia." -
--Such are the most intelli ent views of the
situation from a rebel stand oint. _Exhaust
ed in every element: of po r ; their whole
land desolated; poverty and! want encircling
all classes and aenditions in their cruel em-•
brace, the leaders and authors of this bloody
war stand l aghast at their infernal work,- and
their people, long . deluded, are about to de
-1 mand Peace and the protrction of the Old
Flag. If refused, - they hove theirremedy
foreshadowed in the deciartation of_ the Rai
eigh Progress that "the army and the people
will resolve tbemsektres intU, a mob, and those
who have misled and nil them will have tst
fly -fortheir lives.",•
The Spring campaign will open with our
foe in the gloom of despair and on the very
verge of self destruction. Let our analles but
CHAMBERSBURG, FA., WED DAY, JANUARY 27, 1864.
be so strong that hope will be shut out from
the dominions of treason, and
will be restored without anothergreat battle.,
ARM'Y' OF THE POTOMAC
A Sod* Evening at Norland—lnridents
in a Trip to Washington—Frankli n
Gen. frawrod—Historic Graand—Gen.
Correspondence of the Fianklin Repository.
BRISTOW, Va., Jail. 8, 1864.
Only:one week ago tonight I had the ho
.enjoying your hospitalities,' in the
company of several of the most eminent of
your fellow-citizens, at Norland ; and you
may remember that I ,withdrew my chair
from ‘. the front,"- not from any retiring mo
desty, but, because of the "heavy, fire" from
the anthracite coals flaming on your hearth
stone. COuld you have Seen me for the last"
feW days ;cowering like a conventional hag
over the .i,glosyjng embers," shoveled on the
ground floor of a Capacious tent, which bent
under a weight of snow. a shivering link in
a circle ofyncle Sam's bloused patriots, my
face begrim&l by smoke and My clothes fra
grant -with creosotit fumes, yon would Invie
smiled at the ludicrous contrast of my'situa-
Mons, long before your heaq had softened
into commiseration: How little I cared then
for the sharp wintry blasts that howled around
your /substantial mansion, as though the rule
of the New Year was inaugurated, like that
of a new broorn, ;sweeping with proverbial
cleannasss. Then all was bright and pleas
ing. I was alitoug those who are the pride
of your community—active, intellectual, use
ful men, the loss of any one of whom would
make a sad gap in Your midst. I sat in ele
gantly finished and . furnished apartments,
reflecting themselves in huge mirriirs ; and
familiar features of honored friends . "were
mysteriously stealing out to my searching
eyes from the gilded frames hanging in weird
silence on the walls.
Among your guests waa.a high military
officer whose genius has contributed largely
to make up the brightest pages in the history
of this war. And in that group of gentle
men, sat in unwonted- quietness, he who is,
the earliest and most'abiding of my friends;
the coinpaniti of my small clothes era; as
well as of my school-boy days, the associate
of my leaser years, my friend yet and will be
ever. With him I mastered the mysteries
of the alphabet and multiplication tables ;
with him I penetrated With enthusiastic zeal
the magic world of Robinson Crusoe, the
Arabian 'Nights, Don Quixotte, Gil Blas,
Amadis de Gaul, Hudibras and the vast realm
of the ideal. Spencer, Addison, Fielding,
Swift, Goldsmith, Johnson, their cotempora
ries and their successors, became felt presen
ces in ont con:min:lions with him. I learned
to irnoaritie llt NfeCerizis and Oil callous Ado
nis: in generous eruulationq contended with
him on the "fistula aveme,r and while he
taught the woods (about Siberia) to resound
the beautiful Amyrillis, I wake the echoes
with the alluring blandishments of the sweet
ly smiling, sweetly speaking Lalege. And
we "who erewhile the happy garden sang,"
passed together from its arcedian bloom, and
have felt the anguishing stroke of that rea
per whose '
. Reaps the bearded grain with a breath, .
And the flowers that grow betvieen."
There too were they whose familiar fortris
may be seen at all seasons and in all hours,
on the streets of your town and its by-ways;-
threading the winding roads of your country
far and near, hurrying with • , allXiOt79 hearts
Ind busy-brains'to the sick chambers to
wage a ceaselesi warfare with "every form
of death and every woe, shot from malignant
stars on man below." Enjoying a cheerful
interval' between scenes of anguish, these
medicine men chatted with easy grace, with
learned and eloquent counsellors who uphold
the majesty of the law in the 17th Judicial
District, and who; to the austere axioms and
precedents of the courts, which fill their
minds, have added the graces of literature
and science. Noreen I forget the other par
ties there, not professional, but whose enter
prise, energy and public spirit have increased
the prosperity of your good old town, aided
in all its improvements, and•whe are distin
guished, in its social circles. What an inte
resting , essay would the ,guests at Norland
that night furnish—the heroism of this un
exampled" war, and the sublimer heroism of
the "world's great field ofbattle" exemplified
in that small circle gathered under your-hos
pitable roof ! Isn't it true Colonel, that the
greatest of all writings are those which most
vividly portray every day life and men a 4
they are :t The unnatural events and char
acters that figure in mast of the current lit-1
erature, together with the strained style -of t
composition in fashion, make the novels we
buy vastly inferior to those which our grand-,
fathers bought and which we-delight to read.;
And how inferior in pathos and sentiment;
and imagery and power are the Mauch, and
Fast uses. and Luoilles that flaunt on our boob
store shelves, to the poetry that stirred our
emotions when we Wore young, and still lin
'ger in our memories amid the cares and bur
dens of after life! Ili those days the poe
was born, now he is made, and "the lyre, a
long divine" has degenerated- into hand
purely mechanical. But a truce to novelle
and ryhmesters;" they might have been
congenia theme during my respite from th
"A. F'," but "the golden hours on ang
wingel told out the ten days' furlough, an
I badtiyon gwd.bye to return to the gallan
men who for nearly three long years ha
been nobly upholding - the sacred stars an
stripes in the face of the armed hosts of tral
tors, and have done it honor on many of the
most sanguinary battle fields of modern time .
At the appointed hour on tha C. V. R. R s'
time table, our dear-old friend Joseph llilllir
whistled his signal of departure from ti e
Wm. Penn, ani away the train sped bearing
myself, and a squad of colored recruits, tin
der the care of Mr. - Wertz, to the ranks U
war. The Catholic church, and the Stea
Mill, and "the Gate House," and Norlan ,
in4uccession faded from my sight, and so n
I , was once more away from home. t
Carlisle, the first army association ca e
!Ton me. A happy, handsome young Lieu ,
in a new cavalry uniform, entered the r,
and at once recognized me. He had .• •n
just ) promoted from a priiate in the 7th Pa.
Reserves, and had been visiting his friends,
befre taking his new position in the army
un er Grant. He spoke with enthusiasth of
the brave boys' he had left, and I saw that
the, pride of his •hti.ing been one of those
historic fell"s, excelled that of his promo
tio4. Having a few• hours at Harrisburg, I
stored at the excellent hotel—the United
-Sta es—kept by our friend Hutchison, and
went 4 1 , to the capitbl to see Shrgeon Gen.
King. As I expected, I found him in the.
indtastrious discharge of his duty. It was
gratifying to age the marked improvement
in his health—liis severe labors in the 7days
berme Richmond, at Pope's Bult,Run, disas
ter (when he fell- into-the hands of the rebels)
.and at South Mountain and Antietam had
shaken his constitution. During his long
serViee in the field, he was, first, Surgeon of
Gut. litTnoldia' 'brigade, and then Division
Surgeon of the ;Pa. Reserves ; and was hon
ored by his- commanding 'generals, And by
on officers and- men, to all whom he was
wel 'known. ..S . urgeon Gen. Kingis a very
able Surgeon arid physician, and an accom
pliPied scholai'; he is upright' and con
scientious to an eminent degree; active, in
duStrious and jiist.
pn taking My seat in the N. Centralcar,
I found myself beside a soldier employed in
- t4 commissary department of our brigade,
ma an acquaintance connected with the 13.
S.lChristian Commission.° This gentle/14n
had been up the galley to.solicit help for
th' commission, but had not visited your
lality beesuisa,aslie said, the rebels had so
se erely taxed- - you. Nothing especial oe- - -
e rred on my.trip td. - Baltimore, save that
the Northern Central made its time. On the
platform at tie Baltimore depot, my name
was called 1, 7 - a Arty and ragged' fellow
diiessed in Atizens clothes, , who was one of a
group under guard. I recognized him as a
Tgmbeet of my Regiment, a keen, artful
r ue,,,1i0 had deserted us on the eve of the
b ti-, if, Plederieksburg.- ,II gave me a
grap-Mkuccount of his escape, his arrest as a
rbel spy,.\at Baltimore, his taking the oath
o allegiancli4e released, his subsequent
cape from a Lieutenant who had captured
h m, his remaining in Canada sporting on
$, NO he had' made . while in 18 months
siryiee, his incautious return home on'l\irist
nias, and his final arrest by a bucktat who
*en- him. He was' on his way - to the army,
tO be tried -for one, of the highest offences
1 owW, bat seemed as cheerful as if he were
7 o the point of being mustered out.
While waiting in a hotel near the depot
fint the Washington train, I was accosted by
a discharged soldier, , who had somehow got
it. into his head that I was A doctor ; and who
Iffered me aleavy fee if I would prescribe
r • him. The poor felloW had 'a disease of
e heart, aiqd was drunk. I had just seen
him offer to place a large . sum of money in
idhe hands of the landlord. ' I had him taken
o a decent hotel ,by a trusty soldier, and
wised him to indulge 'neither in liquor nor
a edicine. In'the last item of my advice,- I
ope I gave no offence -to the profession.
toubtless hundreds of soldiers are robbed of
it their pay by sharpers whom:they meet on
heir way home. 'I have been told of re
• nlisted men who have lost all-their bounty
nd pay in 041uckless spree at 41exandria
ea - thelnidt - loathsome- pil(ces—while
n their route to their families on.the 3,5 days
'urlough granted to veteran volunteers.
I found the cars between Baltimore and
"ashington crowded with officers and men
oing and returning on leavee.:of absence, the
en going home were almdst all veteran
-olunteers. Their countenances were radiant
with joy att he prospect of meeting belo v-ed ones
from whom they had been separated, gener
ally for nearly 2 and 3 years.
1 cannot forbear the_ opportunity of ex
pressing my indignation at the habitual
insolence of the employees on the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, at "Baltimore and Wash
lington. It seems as if they could not give
any one a civil answer. This has been my
constant experience.. Several .trains were
standing by, when a gentleman who had
purchased a ticket from the boor at the office
asked which one he should take ; " hunt it
up, " was th e con neon s response. Competition
would increase thepoliteneiS of these ill-bred
officials. • •
At 'Washington I quartered at the St.
Charles hotel, corner of ad and Pennsylvania
avenue; kept by Bell & Allebutigh. It is a
plain, 'but substantial house, where you get
good beds and good board, and kind treat
ment frois mine: hosts, both . of whom are
Hurrisburers. Col. Allebaugh served in
the 9 months volunteers, and commanded
brigade. Mr. Bell was canneCted with our
regiment, and is a most excellent man.
Needing, transportation on the Orange and
Alexandria Railroad, I called on the Provost
Marshal, and then on Capt. Theodore Mc-
Gowan, of Gen. Martindale's staff; I found
the Captain convalesirtg_ front a slight illness,
in the full possession of his appetite, and aa
genial, aiyi hearty, and delightful us over.
The'claptain was always a favorite•ot mine.
and it is gratifying to knowthat he is now a
f a v o rite of many': He countersigned my
pass,' and made me "all right." With hint
I found his brother, and - Al.r. Greenawalt,
from Fayetteville, and my ; excellent friend
Lt. Ccl. J. Mac. :Thomson of the 107 P. V.,
whom I have so qften seen at the head of his'
regiment going into battle,. The last time I
had met him, jie was about being stowed into
an ambulance at Centreville oa his way to
general hospital, - sick. -After the battle of
Gettysburg, I left him at that town wounded
and I met him again returning to his com
mand, quite'sjek. ' I expostulated with him,
but he -would not be restrained. -His friends
will be Yejoieed .to hear that he is perfectly
well,' and is on a general court martial in.
the Capital, looking as aoldierly and -hand
some (forgive me, Mac.) as ever.
It was snowing -hard when I took myseat,
(with my. transportation ,ticket re-stamped
by the proper authority) in an old Penns.
Railroad Passenger Car, to be whirled over
the 0. & Raih oad to my Division. A group
of officers and men of my command wore fel
low passengers, a - nd away we swept through
the desolate, fenceless, almost houseless wastes
of Virginia, past the rubbish of burnt down
stations through the winter huts -and earth
works of the rebels at Manassas, until I
jumped 'off into, the snow at ray destination,
During my absence ou r Division bad moved,
and as 1 am tethporarily detached from my
regiment, my quarters were snot fixed up.
The weather was too cold to build chimneys
and I could not get a stove, and hence the
shivering over wood coals I have described.
Gen. Crawford,, who is - as kind'and thought
ful of the comfort•of his men as he is •bravre,
bad the goodness to lend me a fine stove And.
to-night I will be as cozy in this canvass
palace as a soldier may expect to be.
The country round about here is memora
ble ground. It was here that the rebels lay
in the winter of '6l and '62, defying M'Clel
lan with his impatient and splendid army.
Hard by is the fatal field of Bull Run, where
treason twice triumphed through the incom
petency of our commanders. From my tent
- door -I can overlook the graves of those who
fell in the fight in October last; when War
ren so severely handled the advancing reb
els; and off to the right, at the distance of
about a mile -is the hill side over which we
marched in order under a surprising fire-from
a rebel battery of five guns, which were stea
dily brought to bear upon us while wo were
resting, on Meade's withdrawal from Cul
pepper, in the fall.
The men are comfortably quartered in huts
of their own construction,. with . whatever
material they can scrape together. They
are well fed and healthy and in fine spirits.
Hundreds of our division are re-enlisting as
veteran volunteers, and-I am persUaded that
by next autumn nearly all the old soldiers
will be back in the field... They are confident
of the speedy overthrow of the rebellion' and
have The most unbounded trust inthe ability
and determination of General Meade. Since
the days of "Little Mac" no commander
has been so popular with the men as Meade.
: The difference between their reputations! is
this: 'McClellan entered the field with Itin
rels,which he lost (Ido not spy justly Jost)
as soon as he attempted to prove that he de
served them. Meade came into-the army
with bare brows, and in hard service added
leaf after leaf to his chaplet until ho is crown
ed with an undying wreath. Meade never
was defeated, and we believe never will be
when fighting on his own judgment. He has
all the 'caution of M'Clellan, all the hard
fighting gallantry of Burnside. He Will not
waste his time in reviews before an enemy
he can whip, nor sacriftee his men by dash,
ing them against impassable barriers. 'Be
is no blusterer like Pope and Hooker, no par
lor hero like M'Dowell, no knight 'errant
like Fremont,' no politician like so maay, of
our generals. He is a hero of the George
'Washington school=plain,' honest, brave,
tireless, and, what may not be so well known
to the country, a gentleman of elegant at
tainments in scholarship. Father Abraham
will be grateful to me hereafter. if he take
this advice from me—give Gen. Meade what
he may ask.
... .. ,
Gen.. Crawford is, constantly on the alert
for guerillas'.. We have received no damage
from them since the wounding of the gallant
Col. Hardin of the 12th P. 11. V. C., who
you remember was shut in the arm on Sun
day, the 13th of December,' while riding
near his own camp along the railroad guard
ed by our own troops, by a squad of gueril
las who rode up to him dressed in our cav
alry unifqm. I have confidence that our
watchful . and active general will rid this
neighborhood of them entirely— A few days
ago, a Captain,of the 6th went outside of the
lines, with tliree or fair men. The party
separated, when two of the men -were cap
tured. In.the Meantime the Captain with a
soldier had dropped into a house and was
chatting with its fair inmates, when a half
dozen rebels of Hampton'slegion Came upon
him. Be retreated to the cellar, and instead
of surrendering when invited in - the usual
rebel style, he drew himself into lino of bat
tle\ a d fired as his assailants came upon the
steps. He wounded a Lieutenant and a pri
vate of e rebs and killed a Sergeant, and
remained master of the field. The two of
our men who had been captured were re
You are the best judge whether this letter
is fit to publish. ,It, was written among cares
and troubles and numerous interfuptions.
my mind being pre-occupied alt the white.
In writing It, I have fulfilled my promise.
P. S. Y. C.
Judge Black has tendered his resignation
as law reporter of the Supreme Court, .
Maj. Gen. Curtis has arrived at Leaven
worth, Kansas, and will aasurria command of that
John P. Brualasbeen appointed Payntas
ter in the regular army, with the rank of Major, vice
Wells COverly, Esq., the well known
and popularhofel proprietor of Harrisburg, died in
that city on Sunday morning last.
Congressman Harris, of Maryland, isn't
dead of small-pox. He is reading some very en
tertaining post mortorn examinations of his char
Col. Fish, formerly Provost Marshal of
Baltimore, has been arrested by order of the Secre
tary of War, upon the charge of fraud and cor
• Capt.: Baird and Lieut. tarnes, of the
regidnr army. are now at Mitilintown, investigating
alleged vCnalikrof Ahe • Board of Enrolment of that
Gen. -Ir t .ilpatriCk is now "alone" in the
world. His father.mother, brothers, sisters and wife'
'are dead, and his only child died at West Point, New
York, on Wednesday Inst.
Wirer C. Elhnnker, of the 119th Pennsyl,
vania, having resigned to resume his, business in
Philadelphia, bade adierrto his regiment en Thurs
day week. - Lient. Col. Clarke sum* him.
Mr. J. P. Hill,- a conductor on the
ing Railrosd, was convicted of embezzlement in
Harrisburg last week. A number of the employees
of the road have been detected in defrauding the
company, but all Made restitution but Hill.
Col. R. Biddle Roberts, Aid to Gov. Cur- .
tip, wholes been for some time past acting as agent
for the State of Pennsylvania in WaShington, b as
been at his own request returned to the Executive
Military Department at Harrisburg. -Lieut. Col.
Frank Jordan of Bedford, succeeds him as State
Hon. John 31.,.80tts has been urged to ac
cept an appointnaent of Senator from Vipinia, in
Congress at Washington. lie has writtenal letter in
response, stating in effect that he is unwilling to ac—
cept the honor intended to be conferred, and hoping
that the time is not far distant When he can stand as
a connecting link between the North and the South.
The letter is brief and eloquent.
John J. Patterson, Wm. W. Tit Wiltbank,
Chas. B.Devereaux.tleo.B.Newton,John P. Lougb
den. Wm. C. Conrad, Isaac B. Wiggins, J. R chat.
Pant, Wm. A. lifehols, David H. Beech and Frincis
Doorman, have been • nominated to the Senate u
Commissaries of Subsistence with the rank of Cap
tain, and and Robert. D. Clark, EdWard G. Falme-:
stock, John W. Wallace, Peter P. 0. Had and Joe,
Wien, jr., have beeinomineted'as • Peamisslom
the volunteer service. Capt. Wiltbank is now on
duty in this place: 214; Pahnestrokis from Gettys
burg, and well merited the honor.
VOL. 71: -..WHOLE NO. 3,641.
The January terra _of, the Revert:a atfaitt
commenced on Monday of last week. - Nearly alba .
civil Cans were continued. Thls eases Pa &MI 'lb!
the second week wore to hare been tried by Efott.
James 11. Grahamelf Carlisle; Intehe was unable ,to
attend, and there were -no jury Mali this week.
Motioaa were heard yesterday. flut following are
the only caeca disposed ef in the 0 4, (anon pleas.
Simeon A. Meliob ye. H. gtiglies.Judgmeut
K.afessedforVAo,7l. Kennedy& 7'lll for . Plff Sharpe
for Deft. •
Rufus R. McClellan vs. Samuel 'finisher. Verdict'
for PIE: for $61,05. Sharpe JE Seilhzuner for PIM:
Clark for Daft.
Solomon Fiery, Far._ of John, Brewer, deed. vs..
Mary Ann. Susanna and Sabina Brewer. Verdict
for Pli£ for the land in dispute, to be released ou
pay - Went of $5,047 80 - on 22d January 1565, with in
terest from 17th- January 18114.- Kimmell for Plff,;
Sharpe for Deft& -
t manned Kuhn vs. Executor! of W. Crooks, &wed.
Continued by the eonrt—costs of term to be paid bY,
PI M Kimmel] for Put ; Rowe and Sharpe for Defti;
S. &X. Pennock & Co. vs. Wm. Reber. Continued
because of absence of Deft.; he to pay costs of term.
Orr for PILL ; Sharpe for Deft. -
Gotshall vs. Jacob Harkeliode. Settled br
parties. Clarke for Pit!:; Reilly. &Sharpe for Deft.
F. Gelivieks, Ezr. of Melehi 'Brindle, deed. vs.
Melehi Brindle. Settled bi- Partim Brewer for
PIT.; Kitnmell for Deft.
Margaret RoCk vs. John L. Knopper. Settled b?
parties. 7iimmcll for PIM; &angora for Defti
Joseph Solleitherger - use of John W. &Bomberger
Vg. H. Iftighes. Settled :by parties. Strunbangli AC
Stewart. for Pit: Sharph for Deft.
Daniel Kohler vs. Geo. A. Doffs. Verdict for PW.
for $]'269., Fletcher, Stambaugh & -.Stewart for
Plff.; far Deft.
Reilly t Sharpe vs. Wm. M'Grith et. al. Settled
by the parties. BrewcAnd Kennedy for PUN.; Sten
ger. Keyser and brfllinteek for Deft&
1-Ittbr.r 1 - Tolbert is. Gab. gillenry Corwell. At
tuebutent exeeution to judgment3Materilteria,l.Bso:'
Bei'Flamer for PIM.
, tConi, of Pa. use of Kohn & Miller vs. Henry S. Mil
ler, Emanuel Kuhn and W. S. Everett. Surnmordin
debt on Administrator's bond. Stumbaugh & Stew
art for PHIL; service waived by Everett.
OYER AND - TERMINER. - '
Coin. VS.Alary Snow. Infanticide and concealing
death of beaten:l cad. ;Verdict notguilt.r. Stenger
and Kimmel! for Cotn.; Sharpe and Brower for De
Com. vs. John Flory. Bill found for murder it the .
October term. Prisoner in custody of Sheriff — bovitill,,
'surrendered himself to the court for trial on Tuesday
of last week. Continued. - Stenger for Com.; Byway- .
er and Mansell for Defence.
Com. vs. Nathaniel Crouse. :Assault and Battery.
Settler:l.We p ar tly & e • •
Corn. vs. Elizabeth, Susanna and Sabina Brewer.
Larceny. Verdict guilty. Motion' for new trial
dom. vs. Matthew Wilson. Laroeny. Deft. plead
guilts , and sentenced to 20 days imprisonment and
Cora. vs. Susan and Louisa Brower. Larcony.- 4 -a
Yoll4 prwrequi entered by leave of Court.
Com. re. Peter M'Ferran. Surety of the Peace.,
Sentenced to enter into recognizance to keep tau
Peace—still Id jail.
Com. vs. J. Milton. Heart. Fornication and Rat
tail-Iy. Deft. botuid in 8560ppear at sett term.
- Com. vs. Jncob Parker an olin Baker. Larceny.
'lttliattrailtr. -t3enteneed th en ßoe ofll43ise.
'Com. vf. IfelenHarris and ands M.HatTis. Aa.
sault and Battery. Verdict not guilty. Matilda
Hess.-Proseoutriz to pay half the costs; Defendant)
other half. ' ' '- " ' ' - -
Com. "Ts. Matilda Hess. Larceny. Verdict net
Com.va: Sohn Hnllinzor. Lareeny. 1 7,,erdiotitnil;
ty. Sentenced to three monthsimprisonment and to
pay coatt.of prosecution. .
Corn. vs.. Daniel Gelyricks. Malicious mischief.
Verdict guilty; sentenced to pay $l5 fine and costs of
. Corn. vs. Benjamin Reisker an d Samna] S. Reigns:.
Riot, and assault and. battery. Samuel S: Reis/ter
Sentenced to - Pay fine of $lO and Costs. Benjamin
did not appear.
Com.,;rs. Jacob Holsinger, Samuel Basinger, Da- •
rid Hart, J. Wesley Harkund-David Brookins. 4s-
wilt and battery. - Deft& bound for appearance at'
Com. vs. 'try Addison. Assault and Surety of
the Peace. Irate prosesui entered:- •
born. vs. Mia. Mary Lend. Passing counterfeit
money. - Nolleproaequi entered,
Coin. 'vs. G. W. Mudd. Assault and battery. /rel
it* Pmwrifif i entered, - Deft, died in jail
Com. ya. William. Elizabeth. Susan, Daviiiand
Samuel Thoinas and Sohn Fleagle. Larceny. Tnici,
bill Winn Fleagle—not a true bill as to otliera.—
Nolleprofeque entered. ,
Com. vs. Iluala . .l3lair, Aasaultand battery. Vei
diet-not guilty , Aid Susan .13rower.Proaeontrix. to •
PaY nine-tenths of tie coats and Defoadant to pay -
Corn. VB. Joseph Hooker. Horse stealing. Verdict
.guiltV Sentenced to six years in _Eastern renitea
itentiaip pay , costs.
Com. vs. John ißeasner, Jr., and "Sarah Reamer.
geenhur a bawdy bowie. A true bill; Deft& not
Com. vs. NicholasiUglow. s..easinghonies as traw
dy houses. Verdict guilty. Sentenced to pay 621:0)
fine and be imprisoned for one day.
Corn. Fe. Susan Brewer. Surety of the Peso%
Sentenced. to enter into bonds - for $4OO to kaec
peace.- . •
MLLE IGNGRRD BY GRAND atria. -
Com. vs. Wra. Reamer, Jos. Biro* and Francis '
Packman. Assault and battery.
Com. vs. Wm. Plciwden and James Torpin. Lat- -
Cora. vs. Goo. W. Wolff, Palso imprisonment:.
bill ignored and Sabina Brewer, the Ammonia: to
Aar costs. _
Com. vt. Geo. W. Wolfe, 11. B. Blair, James B.
Daitiold. - Riot and assault and battery. Not is
true bill and Elizabeth Brewer, prosermataix., to pay t
Com. re. liugh B. Blair Itad James B. Dolitaild.
Riot. Not strut) aid Susaa Breirer. proem:Lb%
to Po"' costs.
Ottl'HAltS . COlint T.—LE:IIIMS GILLIMID. '
Estate of James Allison, Tr. . -- of Justrint; letters
of administration to J. C. MeLanslan..
Estate of Martha Beers, of' Manttrotaery ; letter
testamentary to Daniel Zook. .
Estate of John Backman, of St. Thews; letters
of administration to D. A. Cormony. .-. ' .
. Estate of Robert Love, of Pannett; letters teats
mentary to James' Stark. . -
,-,E,tate of Win. 01. of Wilsbinitan; letters-14 ad
ministration to Daniel 1144., ..,
Estate of David Ballinger, Of Wmhinons; ieneii ;
of administration to Ann Maria Ralliasears'
Estate of Mail... Aim bleFerma. of Gni3for4; kt-,
terad admitkistration to Geo. MoPersen. of P. -
The Coart sato bear maim layagrtarday. net patm ,
efgaiialts will be givei is ft* in our ifixt.
'Marley A: Dana. Est, formerly managing
slaw ofthe Ness York AAme,hostlison appAte4 -
AssistalaSocretary of War.