The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, January 06, 1864, Image 1

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BY rams s:7 - STONER,
'We have before us the twenty:ninth An
nual Report of the Cumberland Valley Rail
road Company; giving the operations orate
road to r .the Ist of October last. The losses
aastained by reason of „the rebel invasion
me . thus given in detail : •
froMporary construction of Bridge
at Carlisle $3,410"55
Bstimate for' permanent structure 3,566 1 00
First temporary construction of
Orilge at Scotland 727 35
Secon temporary construction of
Arne Bridge and relaying sec
thin 8, including expense of re- ".
moving the temporary roadlaid .33,743 '96
Repairs of damages on sections •
0 &-7f _ 75 00
Reconstruction of buildings at
Cliambersburg and putting up
and repairing machinery 6,964 68
New T iron, lumber and wood,
destroyed by fire and stolen . ' " • 0,628. 00,
If 01,115 49
Leas Trait left on road 224 tons
and 1410 lbs at sB'6 per ton 7,855 78
$58,259 71 •
Of this sum the 'United States
Government claim to have. paid $23,799 58
COeit et re-construction and esti
mate for completion of road, -
water station, Ste $20,084 07
Lesa T rail left on road 147 tons
awl. 1450 lbs at $ 35 . 5 7 16,7 65
Total loss $14,916 42
Aitich sum the United States
Government claim to have paid $ 1 , 0 6 5 79
The total amount of actual damage to pro
‘nporty on the two roads is thus given at $68,-
'276 13 ; and the claim of the government
terhave paid $23,799 58 on the Cumberland
Valley and $1,955 79 on the Franklin, is
earnestly-resisted by J udge Watts, the Pres
ident of the Company. The credit is claim
, ed on the part of the gavernment for work
done to meet its own immetiiate necessities ;
not; as '4utige Watts say, "intended to
serve the permanent roact,VNy, but the tem;
porary Purpose of carrying 'troops and sup.-
plies for the army." . He adds that "doubt
less the authorities of the government - will
-take a proper view of the subject, and re
lieve our Company from a Claim which has
in it so little justice." We presunie that
the repairs done to the .roads' by the, gov
ernment will not perceptibly 41iminist the
cast to .the Company in making their per
manent repairs—hence. the protest of the
President against being charged with the
expenses incurred for t?inporary repairs in
(Oder to pant -tiro- pressing wants of the
arwy. ' He also urges the justice of the .
government making reparation for dammei
inflicted upon the. Company by the r*ls.
_He says that "private property was in a
measure respected by the rebels, but the
property of our Company was destroyed be
cause it was in service of the country, and
rendering a service, too, so essential to its
Protection and safety f"
The, report announces officially that the'
business of transportation on the road will
henceforth be done by the Company instead
of individnai.forwarders as heretofore. It
alleges that Mann&turers justly complain
that middle-men have thus been interposed
between them and the market, and that
. they demand to have the responsibility - of
the Company, and - their products carried
- at their tariff rates. It states that " many
instances of detected fraud in manifesting
one class for another, and misrepresenta
tions as to quantity, whereby honest com
petition in the business is defeated" render
the change necessary, and, the report adds
—"it has been determined to change the
whole character of the business and become
rArriers ourselves. ". The - change will, how
ever, be made gradually, for the Tollowing
reasons, as stated in the. report:
"First, because there is a very large
auteunt of money,invested by individuals in'
rolling stock,, ware-houses, and the neces
- sari conveniences of 'common carriers. This
interest should be cared for, and its owners
not forced suddenly outof business atso great
- a sacrifice of property as ifivould necessarily And again, the Company'should riot
be 'called upon suddenly to incur so large an•
expenditure us will be required to furnisk
4 .1
rolting stock enougl of their own for the
transaction. of all tl c b 'siness Df the road.
rho 'transition is easy y a gradual change
the owners of rolling stock will have the op
tiOn of soiling to the Company at an agreed
• price, (m a to make such other disposition of
'their ears as will best promote their interest.
A.! resolution of the Board of Managershes
cdnunitted to the President the authority so
iii, menage this change and so increase the
rolling stock of the Company as wilt best
eOmport with individual interests, and the.
'.determined purpose of the Company to do
the carrying business upon'their OW4 road."
- - The Cumberland Valley Company leased
-the Franklin-Itailroaa last spring, upon the
terms that they would keep up ordinary
repairs and pay over one-third of the gross
neome.- Soon after this arrangement was
made the , rebels ,destroyed
,the Franklin
.road to the amount of $15,006, and stopped
f a business - upon it for nearly ninetrdays,
sO that the Franklin road furnished nothing
like an adequate revenue to meet the into
rest*ita bonds. The Cumberland Valley
Company, then-voluntarily proposed to giVe
'their 14, per cent bonds in exchange for
, the Franklin seven percent bonds, and the
report adds that most of the holders " have
willingly accepted the pioposition and trans
ferreA their bonds to,us, whilst a few deem
the Franklin Railroad bonds, secured by
the same mortgage, as adequate security
far them, and Seven per cent unpaid better
than. six putictually paid." The report
closes with a Compliment to "the good_con ;
duct and steady, habits - of those who are
employed in the businessof the Company."
We subloik, a statement of the financial
condition bf to Qom Pall 7, Which shows the
'.handsome stun of $97,475 53 on the right
.'side of the balanae-sheet :
;Statement of CuMberland Valley Rail
Read Convany t . 004ober Ist, 1868., '
CostofßoadandAppurtenancessl,l3l,oB7 05
Xaterials on hand 13,171 01
Sinking Fund 155,852 76
Due by Franklin R. B. C 0... 10.353 52
Ralanees of acomMts receiv abie 10.504 27
Cash 68,538 49
$1,389,457 :10
First preferred sto.;lt .......... . .......$241,900
Second preferred stock 243,000 00:
Unpreferred stock held by
individuals ', - 897,000
Unpreferred stock held by '
the Company 75,000
. .472.000 00
First mortgage bonds 161,000 00
Second mort,,mage bonds - 10,500 00
Due for dividends 35, •275 00
" interest qn bonds 1,820 00
'Unclaimed Aivideffas and interest 2,004 2(k
Accounts for September • - 16,481 37
Profit and loss 97,975
1,889,457 10
; Receipts and ExpendituresOf els Cumberland
Valley Railroad Compaux,rbr the year end
' ing Stilt Septeniber 4 lB6B. , . ,
• IttakiPts.
Cash and cash items Ist Oct. 1862 - $69,376 82
Revenue—Cumb. Vatlt. Co: 255,365 56
- " - • Franklin R. -R. Co. 37,751 64
Rent 872 00
Sundries ' 184 82
$863,050 84
Dividends '570.294 50
Interest oil bonds - 21,234 80
Trustees of Sinking Fund 6,454 84
Expenses - 158.044 38
Exchange * 189 82
Franklin Railroad Company's •
share of earnings 17.436 22
Cash on band 68,538 49
Accounts receivable 20,857 70
$363,050 84
—The Cumberland Vallsy Railroad is
perhaps the "lost carefully and economieall i y
managed road in the. State.: believe
that since it was relaird there-has not been
a single fatal accident on the road 'to a pas-
smger. excepting only the collision when
the Corn Exchange regiment was being
transported, rd road Was in the
hands of the military authorities. Had it
been under the immediate management of
dor Superintendent, Col. 0. N. Lull, we
hazard little in saying that no such accident,
would have lfappened. Judge Watts has
been the President tbr many years, and has
administered its affairs with great skill and
success. The Directors for the year 1864
eomist of Bon. F. Watts, President; Josiah
Bacon, Edmund Smith, W. M. Henderson,'
Thomas B. Kennedy, Thomas A. Slott,
Thomas A. Biddle, J. Edgar Thomson; H.
Lombert, D. 0. Gchr, Wistar Morris,
John lime, E. C. Knight. Directors;
Edward M. Biddle, Secretary and Treasurer;
0. N. Lull, Superintendent.'
detni..e of so ctninent a man ak arch-•
bishop Hughes, ,naturally causes the most
feeling of sorrow throughout the
country, anclmore es.peciaily among the Ro
man Catholic - denomination of which he wa.s
a mostprominent dignitary. He expired at
his residence in :stow York City on Sunday
evening . 11 , ‘t at 71 o'clock. aged.G7 years.
The career of Archbishop Hughes will
form an important9nd conspicuous page in
the. record of the illustrious and good men of
our country ; and furnishes an additional
illustration of what ja talent and
Well directed purpose, can accomplish. To
our own community his life is full of interest.
There are few among us who have not heard
the.simple story of his early manhood,‘ and
then his elevation to the highest honors of
his church ; his - inatchh-ss oratory ;;his re
markable controversies, and through all his
successes and wonderful influence
pal, social, and political affairs always evi
dencing the truest desrotion4to his adopted
country,, While oftentimes he was- the ac
knowledged champion of his faith.
He was born in the North of Ireland, in
1798, and emigratedto America in Isl 7. . His
first regular - residence after his laiuling was
Chambcrsburg, where his parents, brothers
and sisters tesided,who had some timeprevious
preceded him. He was brought up to the pro.
fession of a gardener, and was employed while
here by a number of our wealthy and promi
nent citizens of that period. It is known,
however, that ho was also engaged with his
father and brothers in grading and piking
our streets,, making excavations, and per
, forming other work of ksimilar character.—
I From this place - ho went, to Mt. St. Mary's
College, near gniiigtsbur g , Md., to pursue
his occupation of gardener. He soon attract
ed the attention -,of Rev. Mr. Dubois, Presi
, dent of ' the College, and aftfirwaeds Bishop
of New TOrk,2who,discovere_d In the humble .
young gardener unmistakable title l nt, a most
amiable disposition, and.most devoted piety.
L . Asttie from his labor,was close application
to his tooks;an& 'When he entered the insti
- i
as a student in theologY, he was an
accomplished AO thorough scholar. His
subsequent eare4 as-Priest, Bishop and Arch.
bishop is Well known to the country. Brought
prominently fort,vard in his remarkable I • '
cussion with - the Roy. Dr. BrFekinridgp, in
1830, he established his abilities as a contro
versialist, of no! ordinary power: ' From hie
first entrance upon the' duties of the priest
hood, his splendid oratory and logicalreason- , :
ing gaVe'him a pre-eminent Iposition. He
was consecrated Coadjutor Bishep of ;New
York in 18g1,, and was elevated to the Arch
episcopate in 1850, going to Herne to receive
the emblem of his dignity for the latter'posi
tion from the hands of the Pope.
" In what must necessarily be a compara
tively brief article, we cannot even' give a
full synopsis ot,the many important events
connected withhis life or make reference to
his volunlinions writings. He N '- as as inti
mate personal friend of most of the distin
guished men of Lis day, anespecially of,
Clay - and Webster. Upon the almost-unan
imous invitatit n of both Houses of Congress;
in 1847; he delivered a sermon in the Senate
Chamber of surpassing eloquence, his theme.
being, 3,.Chrisiianity,'the only source of Ho
ral, Political dad Social Regeneration." In
1840, we think it was, he made his last visit
to this place,-the scene of his early phytioal
labors. He Was received in the most Cordial
manner by many of our most eminent citi
zens of all deominations, and was requested
tO deliver a lecture on Temperance, He
.complied with the request, and the lecture
Was delivered in the Ger. Ref. Church to a
crowded autist,?ry. A. more effective or 'More
- el i . quent appeal in behalf of the cause has been
Seldonilistef , ll to. It is known, no doubt, to
most of our readers, that thO Archbishop, at
the req oest of President Lincfoln, proceeded to
Europii, though atthetime in feeble health, as
an Assibassador of our difficsilties to the vars.
ous . goverments. On his, return he unoffici
'ally gave his i views and 11 e iences in a ser
mon in which 8
the action'ofi he expres belief that in
most Euro sovereigns we
would find bit tittle sympathy. He advo
cated drafting as the most humane and fest
sible, measure for a speedy conclusion of the
war, and no!doubt his statements bad some
thing to do with the adoption of thist re
sort by tbelpowers at Washington. How-
ever much he was as,-ailt.4 l for his zeal in
what he cone l eived to be the truest and best
method fore speedy termination of the. Ile
bellien. he Subsequently defended his posi
most powerful logic, and with
the dirt . i z t t h p t a l triotie devotio{s to the interests
of his adopn i xl country. Recently, he had a
I controversY with 11t5h0n..4.2,-nch, of Cherles-•
rtor ; , - on the Wiject ~ -)f the Rebellion, and al
! though that divine is regarded as one of the
most learnt-id in the church of the South, his
rarguments ( were rapidly demolished by the
'I ° formidableiren of the Archbishop. In his i
plan of a ni>w -cathedral, the corner stone of ,
which be 'aid a few years ago, he designed
the edifice to be the largest and grandest on
she contin4nt. His first! subscriptions for it
were from !tine hundred 'and ten gentlemen
at one Omits:ma dollars; each, and some of
the-rs not f his own religion: In truth, in
nil his Undertakings, whether ore mental or
physical ebaracter be was alarmed at no ob.
steele and' labored with a zeal' and 'energy.
snaking sticcess a certainty. .
The re stns of the Archbishop parents
are interred in the Boniest Catholic burial
ground inithis place. lile, has a brother sur
viving his i residing here,.and one of his sis
tens,- Mot i ifer Angelo,' formerly Superior of
the Sisterl,' of Charity has cluirge of the prin
cipal _Military Hospital at New York.
In the &lath ofArchbiSliop Hughes along life
has twen brought to a close—a life full of use
fulness and' boner, spent laboriously as con
science' dictated for the salvation of men,
and contributing no little to the best interests
of humatsity. He red earthly rewards
in the most dignified of eeclesiatical stations,
and in the affection and'este r
em of his people,
and bus gone to receive the imperishable
crown which is the rid:inr reward of the knit
. and the; blessed.
Arrest el - Dishonest Contractors—Seere.
tary Stanton—Effects of the Fall Elec.
lions on the Copperhetul Congressmen
—The National Union Conservative
Convention—The f Draft—lncident in
the Eitamlnat/on or Otlicers for Color
ed Reicitnents.• , •
Currenpun/ence of tho fli.ny,lln Itepositorf.
WASHIN6TON, Jon Ist, 1864
, Great; excitement reigns in Quartermaster
circles, hot only among officials init also
among aiallonest contractors. Two of these
harpies ,'have been jugged and are lying in
the old Capitol prison, for the present,, without
benefit of habins corpus. A contractor also
hes been: incarcerated 'lbr, furnishing lumber
in too limited quantities. His,mode was to
deliver 700 feet of boards . for , lo6o feet. It
has been a matter of xvonder - for some `time
how wien,could deliver lumber here at s22'
per 1000 feet, when it; was selling in Wash
ingtonto private parties at $25, but this will
account for the milk in the - cocoanut. It is
unqueritionably true that there ire many
dishonest men in,the 'employ of he Govern
*tient, :put it is some satisfaction to know that.
when they are caught at their trick's punish
ment lipeedy and condign is sure
to follow.—
The head of the War Department is ,not to
be trifled with. In all' the stream . of detrac
tion and abuse, there is no copperhead so
base as to hint dishonesty of Mr. Stanton.—
He stands-like Cotsnt.'s wife, above suspieton,
and df all the other'men who could be named
for the place, who'can say more? He per
forms his duty fearlessly and generally ,with•
out flatterz, and when the history of this
great tali omen to be written, the page that
recordsq , unselfish' and herculean efforts
• ,,
or VAC , . Stanton will be a proud inheri
tance for countrymen.
It is asbitishing to notice what 'a salutary
effect the fill elections have. bad upon the
copperheads in Congress, You hear none of
the treason uttered last winter, and although
theimustleep right on the record ' for the
sake'cf therepti/es at-hotne, still occasional
ly even Ferinando Wood Will give a vote that
I can he • eoustrued loyal. Poor Vallandig
ham's mune is not even Mentioned . . How
: low he liar sunk 'among his worshippers,
when he is suffered to " watch and wait over
the bolder; " without so much as a resohition
of condolence being (Aired. The lesson of
last fia, has taught some sense to the Penn
sylvanis delegation of copperheads, except
perhapsto Phil. Johnson, whorepresents the
Tenth Itegloh, and Ancona, the Democratic
Gibralbr; ' ' They can go ahead without fear
of the nu.tritions of parties and might even
endorse Tallandigham. John Lecompton
Dawsonis itt heart as real a sympathizerd
with Jeforion Davis . as Judah P. Benjamin,l
himself, ,itit. .he is a coward and afraid, to
shoti it 4penly.. The resolutions ofeendol
ence it ofbred at all, will have to be by John
sm or Ancona, • They arebold and fearless,
and haveconstitutions ready to swallow any
thing; but--the draft. —; : 4 .
The acton of theNationalrnion Conserv
ative Contention, held in the Common Coun
cil Chardinr of. th64ity of Philadelphia last
Thursday, and composed, of eleven, august'
nobodies, has excited considerable derision'•
here, as nuch from the composition of the
"ConVenion" as fniarn the candidates named.
The fossilferous remains of a .nee prominent.'
politician who acted as 'president is too well
known. lt, was of him that Harry Clay said
in a speed a quarter of a century ago;_ in
:peaking o the leading characters of the day,
" Amos BM:ill—the, sun in all his course,
around 6- -globe, shines not on a meaner
P - man." 11. helped to raise him and knew all
_about the ran. It is barely possibly that
Amos mayhave improved some in the last
twenty-fly, years, and-that they are now a
few mean men, but they could be carried
inside of al om'nibus. - The other distinguish
ed charactr who figured as a conservative
big gun tas (}en. J. Banning Norton, of
Texas. Teo writer of this knew Banning in
Ohio ten tam ago, when he edited a one
horse pare, deCote.d to the interests of the
1 Whig part in general, and Banning in par
t ticplar. _stversekud suppeary:nce he resembles'
George Mmday, but without one spark of the
originalityand genius of the hatless Prophet.
These arethe conservatives Who are trying
to save tit country -ou t of the bands of the
Line )Iq-dieals : We wish little Mac: joy
over his hekent. They will make a great
party wlin fused with Gov. Seymour's
" friends.'
Very fcv volunteers are obtained here in
the DiStrit of, Columbia. The draft will
take pine here as early, perhaps, as any
where, cc the public seeiu to think it will
not COMIRtIM quite so early as the sth of
January. A great many " almight,y tiegroee
have beet enlisted here and tranSported to
the rankt ot the 14th Regiment of Heavy
Artillery,nearly filled in:the: State of Rhode
ome 15 left for that Regiment last
week. I does 'not require even ordinary in
telligeneao divine the cause of this migra
tion-of ecored neon , from, here; for, the pur
pose of enering-thy army, When The fact is
known, hat in Washington only $3O
as bounty is paid47while iir Rhode Island
$3OO is gve'n both to white and -black sol
diers. "% Willi a few days a new order has
been issua which visits with severe punish•
merit theecruiting brokers coming from the
Stetes - lo' spirit away" colored men for the
purpose , f _filling their quotas. , .. , It is true
that the hpending draft Compells'able-bodit4
colored lento carefully consider the quei-
Hon and rigenerons stipend df $3O bounty
in connition with the.:holding back and
standing, chance of escaping the - draft "
At a rietA meeting of the board of exam
iners hel in. this chi . for the purpose of ex
anainingrilicers for coloreil troops, of which
Gen. Sib Casey is President and Major •C.
IC- post is.chief of Bureau, the-,following
in eide nt appily exemplifies the thorough ust
rid inlytial nature of:Abe examination
conduct! by these, gentldmen. It so hap
pened tit a certain Leiut. Cot. of a New
York' igiment, now in the Army of the
Potoma and at the same time en Orderly
Sergean of the seine Regiment presented
themseles for 'examination. The Ebiard
eaminl the two with the following result,
viz.: ti Lieut. Col.
_was rejected and - his
meritocus Orderly Sergeant was passed
and comissioned AS Lieut. 'Col. in, the
service. •
As stain papers in the State of Penn
sylvania the :election of some of 'their
profiling owners for „ future eteeaticoi."—
hae bin writing long letters on Negotiam,
we Woti stiitelthat President Lincoln - told
a gentlifan a fe7 days ago, that among the
hundres of Offices and situations which he
bad glen out since his inaUgiration'. as
- Presid4, not one /lee been awarded ten are
iettion phis. Verily, the evils of Negotiant
can noljustly be prefaced against • Honest
Abrala: • • 'B. C.
Recruitipg -for. the Union armies i 3 ac
tively progressing ih North Carolina. .
The notorious guerilla 3forgon passed
through Columbia, South - Carolina, on , the
24th ult.
Gen.lfTlellan'S report cannet be issued
far s.overalZ weeks = yet, As. them am to be
twenty, maim engraved for it.
Lord Lyinis,in a dispatch to Earl Russell;
is said -to. hitve predicted the termination of
the American war in three months.
The Richmond Enquirer of the 25th ult.
snit that there are• three hundred cases of
small-pox among- the Union prisoners at
Danville, Va.
' Large numbers of rebel officera and sal:
diers 'Ave come into Newbern, and"l4re
taken the oath of allegiance and
the pardon offered by the President.
Tennsee has furnished 83,300 men to the
,Federal service„ distributed as follows:
: Cavalry, 13,300 infantry, 11.000 ;
'1,100; negro infantry and artillery, 7,90.
• A correspondent of the Boston Herald,
'writing - from . off Charleston, says : If every
thing works according to the_ pinn laid.,ent„
'Charleston will be occupied by Union troops
'within sixty days."
From Southern sources it is reported .that
the rebel. artily of Tennessee is in winter
planers, and that Longstreet is wondering
about among the Mountains, with a barefoot
ed and suffering army. •
A dispatch from Harper's Ferry, of. Dec.
25, says that Gen. Sullivan's column has re
turned 'safely, bringing in 100 prisoners and
• p 0 horses. Gen. Kelley says that his•se,ver
kil columns are all safely back, baying taken
in all 400 prisoners and a large -amount of
Private advices from the lower counties of
Maryland and the counties of Virginia this
side of the Rappahannock, state that the
Amnesty Proclamation of . the President is
received with very general satisfaction there.
That thet,time. for such• proposition had ar
rived is.believed.
The Army of the Potomac has finally set
tled down - mud-bound into winter quarters,
at Cedar Mountain.
,The key to the posi
tion there is held by our forces. The people
all over that section are in a State of starva..
tion, and daily throng our camps t.,% procure
provisions, which our 'commissaries are or
dered to sell them at g,overnmeut prices.'
The flag of truce bout which mite down
the *tames river yesterday, brought five bun-.
Bred released Union prisoners, exchanged fo:•
those sent-to City Point- The rebels refuse
to exchange and more prisoners till all the
questions in dispute in regard to . the equiait
za lion of exchange are settled. They also
refuse to receive anymore flags of truce from
Butler, ,or to communicate with him on tiny
subject, because Jeff: _Davis outlawed him
last year. This idea did not strike the rebel
leaders, till after they had consented . to re
ceive medicines from the outlaw.
Advices from Folly Island, received per
the Arago. state that our guns at Cumming's
Point opened on' Charleston on Christmas
mornimr, lasting from one to three o'clock.
Several tires were kindled in the city, which
burned* a considerable amount of properly.,
The rebel batteries replied, without damage.
The "C. S. gunboat . illarblehead was fired
into bra rebel battery in Stone Inlet, and
two men killed and five wounded. Assisted
by the Pawnee, she compelled the rebels to
leave their works. Gen. Gordon, with a
detachment Of men, landed, later in the day,.
and took peksessieri of the works. The guns_
were subsequently brought off by Command
er Balch, of the Pawnee. They are two 8-
inch sea coast howitzers. The rebels had ono
killed and five wounded.
The steamer Evening Star, from New Or
leans, with dates to the 2.7t11 tilt, and'Havana
to the 29th tilt., has arrived. General - Fitz
Henry, Warren, with-a considerable force,
had embarked on the steamer Warrior, and
crossing Matagorda Bay, occupied Indianola,
without opposition. Some important rebel
documents were- - eaptured, among them Gen.
Magruder's address to the people of western
Texas. An expedition of three negro regi
ments and one white regiment, and a bat
terY of artillery, under Gen. IJllman, had
gone from New Orleans to the mouth of the
Re'd river. Gen. Herion had been assigned
to the command of the district of the Frontier,
bOrdering on the Rio Grande. gen. Dana's
headquarters- had .been removed .to Mata
gorda. The latter cOmniands all the foices
in Texas. ,
Col. tong reports' from Colhoim,
Dec. 28, that the Rebel Gen, Wheeler, 'with
1,200 or, 1,-500 cavalry_ and mounted infantry
- attacked Col. Stehett and captured ssupply
train frona Chattanoogia for iCnoxville-,, about
10 that morning, at Charleston, on the south
bank vcif the ILiawissee. The train escort
had reached the encampment at Charleston
on the previous night, and Col. • Siebert's
;skirmishers were engaged with the enemy
in the miming, before Col. Long was•_ ap
prised of their approach. , immediately
noved.the Smell force , for duty in his camp
(at the time 50 men,) and crossed td General
Siebert's suppoif. The rebel's shortly after
gave way, OW Long pursuing theta closely.
Discovering a portion of their force cut of on
the right, he charged them with sabres, oom-
Tietely 'demolishing and• scattering-them -in
great confusion and every'
VOL. M.-WHOLE NO. 3,638.
S .veral of the enemy were killed and wound
ed ;. 121 prisoners were captured, inelinlizig
'five commissioned officers. 'The main rebel
colum fled, and was, pursued for five Miles
on the Dalton Road,and when last seen yeti
fleeing precipitately. Col. Long's loss was
one man slightly woundE:d.
The ,Rfehniond Eiatniner, of the 28th says:
The gßat Gen. Aserill has gone not "up
the spout," but back into his den. Cast your
eye upon a map, 'and I'll tell you ho* he
went and how he came. _ He came from New
Creek, a depet upon the - Baltimore and Ohio,
Railroad.. in the county of Hardy, along the
western base of-the Shenandoah mountains.'
through Covington to Salton, burnt things'
'generally, and returned over nearly the semi .
, route. ' Imixalen seized the gap w_here'thei
'Barkers:burg turnpike crosses the Shenan -
ah, and.preVented a raid on Staunton. v
lerill left 500 men to hold Imboden there. and
'pushed on toward Salem. That 'General
could not piirsue without uncovering Statm-4
ton—the force- threatening nearly equaling
,his own. Gen.. Lee was informed of the sit._
Won of affairs. -
Hero commencePthe reign of Major Gen
rals and military science. Maj. Gen: Jubal
A. Early came. Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee
!came. Brigadier Gen, Walker came. Brig.
General 11 . ' hotn it 8 cara. Their staffs cattle.
They-all took a drink. General Early took
'two. Brigadier- General' - Wickham came.
Col. Chambliss, commanding brigade, c .e.
They smiled also. -'
I :AN'hen Gen.' Averill was opposite Stßun
ton, Fitz 'Lee was at Fry Depot, on the Yir-;
ginia 'Central Railroad, a day's match from •
that town. A fortunate occurrence indeed. ,
Everybody thought' Averill was "treed"
holy. He _passed through Brown's Gap, and,
struck the valleY Turnpike at - Mount CraW
ford, eight miles above HarrfSonburg, a miser
table mistake. One day's march lost.- - He
then marched toward Harrisonburg, then
toward Staunton. Another daygone for noth
ing. He finally reached Staunton, where he
. ought to have been on the first night. Still
there was plenty - of time to cut, Averill off.'
- Lee and Imboden marched day and night to
Lexington, and then toward Covington.
Here was committed the fatal and &toilet'
blunder. While Lee_and Imboden were on'
the road to - Covington, in strikipti„ distance
of that place, word was sent,-„ tile- Yankees
are'marching, toward Buchanan, instead oi l '
Covington. No man ought to have put cre
dence iii a statement so utterly absurd as that
the enemy were going from Salem to that
place. Such a statement pre:supposes Aver
-ill deliberately placing himself ‘ past escape,
and therefore run raving mad. Such impro
bable rumors should never be entertained a
moment, much less made the basis of inipor
tant military movements. The order was -
obeyed. The - troops turned and marched
back, and at_night were neither at Buchanan
or Covington.
The story is told in a few words. The
Yankees passed through Covington, and,lo
their great amazement escaped; The rumor ,
about Buchanan was the tale of some fright
ened fool.: The enemy, in terror and demor
alization, fled from Salem . at full spei.;d—de
aying trains and artillery. Jaekton
knocked some in the-head; the citizens beat
the brains out of other's ; one farmer in Alle- .
gheny 'killed six ; some were scattered in the
mountains: and are.being picked up here and
there; the rapid streams drowned many ; but
the main part have gone whence they came,
wondering- how they did get awa y . It is -
hardly necessary to addi the humblest private
in the ranks, if he possessed sense enough to
eat and drink, nal only could, but wouldlave
done better. Old Stonewall would have =
marched. on, caught and killed the Yankees.
What Lee thought this writer' don't know.,
They who know say Imboden'.begged to go
t? Covington. He made it-plain to the dull- •
est 'mind that the' Buchanan story was past -
belief. What's done is done. _
No language can tell the sufferings of our
men. They were in saddle night and day.
save a few hours between Midnight and day.
They were beat up by their officers with their
swords—the only means of arousing them—
nurab'ana sleepy. Some froze to death ;
others were taken from horses senseless. Thev
forded swollen streams,- and their eloth4,
stiff frozen,.rattled as they rode. It raided
in torrents, and froze as it fell. In the
mountain pathsthe ice was cut from theroads
wre they ventured to rideover. One horsei
slipped over the precipiceu—the rider was lead
ing him ; he never looked over after him.
The 'whole Matter is summed up in a couple
of sentences. - Av_erell was penned up. Mc-
Causland, Echols', and Jackson at one gate,
Lee and Imboden at the other. Some ass
sugkeited he might escape by jumping down
the well, and coming out in Japan—i. e., go
to Buchanan. Early ordered them to leave
a gate open and guard the well. He did not '
jump in..
Meanwhile, the Yankees coolly came up -
the Valley , through Edenburg, New-Market, -
up to Harrisonburg, within 26 miles of Staun
ton—" these headquarters." This was beard--
ing the lion in hie den. Jubal took- the field'
at the 'head of Company Q and' a party of
substitute men, farmers and-plow-boys, called
" home guards." The ; Yankees got after
and.he. , " Major General commanding" ,
lost his hat in the race. The last heard of
him he was pursuing the enemy with part of
his division—foetmen after cavalry—with .
fine prospects - of bye •, g em somewhere
in China, Imps about the "great wall.", •
The Yanke were retreat'ng • toward the •
"Devil Hole , 1 " Early bo 4, d fol.• the same
Place: ' They very lit e damage in the
" Here is the more . e marshals under
Napoleon's eye were invincible—with separ
ate commands, blunderers. A general of
'division, -with Gen.-. nobert B. Lee to plan,
and put, him- in • the 'right, place, does well,' :
'Moseby would plan and execute a tlght -- 43i4
strategic movement better than Lon_getr*l , t'
at _Suffolk 'and Knoxville, Jebel Early at
Jackson's blunt response -to some'parlor sir
bar-room.. strategist in Richmond, ~m o re, ,
men but fewer orders," was wisdom in 'tub
axioni--:true- then, just as true now as wheal,
the Hero of the Valley uttered it. It isdlt
ficult to direet, - especially by couriers, the.
movutneta. ;of troops a hundred- miles: distant,. -
among ,Mountains the "ranking" general
never saw, except on aninanearate map. It
I,3'nnt er.verycommander that, tan. point
roads he never heard of, ar.,d by-paths ho _
never dreamed of, rii-the propei . 04%4 to . t
Off atteneraff' , Ballets, not hnsliks are s negyi*.' '
a h er e . . . r