The Franklin repository. (Chambersburg, Pa.) 1863-1931, October 14, 1863, Image 1

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r frant tnit cltp'ooltrq.
!We Lave before' us the official report
(*lf:Lee, giving the detailed account of ,his
iliSatrons campaign in Pennsylvania. The
re/tilers of the Rerostroax have already hed
in , these• columns _everything pertaining to
that movement from loyal sources, that could
he interesting or instructive, buf the account
giyen." by the rebel: ,Commander-in-Chief
throws now light upon the purposes, plans
athl'eveuts of that campaign, - whichare ne
ef.lsiiry to a periect understanding of the
grand combinations conceived and the terri
ble disaster realized by the foes ,of the -Ite=
Gen. -.Lee left_ his position on the Rappa=
hannoek because the lines, of Hooker weresuch
as "could
_not be atteeked to , advantage,"
!tnil - ,116 therefore determined to draw Hooker
his defences. He add. The execu
tion of this 'purpose embraced the relief of the
Shenandoah Valley' from the troops that had
ticeupied the lower part of it during the win
tezj spring, and, if Pfacticable. the trans z
fcr of the scene of hostilities north of the
Potomac." 'He hoped thitethe movement of
. Hoeker - in pursuit of the rebels might afford
an „opportunity. to "strike a blow" at the
Al."elicin army ; that Hooker would certainly
he 0 -coni.pellcd to leave 'Virginia. and possi
hlydraw to his support troops designed to'
werate against other 'parts of the country."
Lle.adds--" In this way it was supposed that
theCeniny's plan of campaign far the sum
mer Would be broken Up, and part
, of. the.
season of active operations be Consumed in,
the; formation of new, combinations and the
preparations that they would require." , These
Censiderations strengthened b;:t the hope
-7kthat other valuable results might be tit
tended by military success," give Itci,the.pqr,.
pose Of_Lee in his aggressive-movement.
He - recites the movements of the different
(ierPs• of,- his ladv with minuteness. The
forward movement t)egan on the thl of June,
nsi one month before the,terrihte repulse he
inet with at Gettysburg. .On that day Mc-
Law's division left Fredericksburg for Cul
lepper, and Hood's division started from the
the the same point at the same time.
;They werf followed on the 4th" and-sth by
Ewell's corps, leaving Hißalone ,at Fred
orielesburi- Longstrees and Ewell's corps
reached Culpepper on the Sth,, where they
were joined by Gen. Stuart witlfhiS cavalry,
Gen.-Jenkins was 'then -thrown ,forward to
_ward. Wineltesteromd..lnd,direetcd
-to move toward Romney, to'cover the move
ment against - Winchester and prevent rein- ,
fnrcements by the Baltimore and ,Ohio road.
( 3. Rocks then advanced upon. Berryville
to cut off Milroy's communication with the
Potornaerand Gen. Ewell with Early's and
44)1inson's divisions moved directly against
- Winchester. The result of these movements
am well known. On the 14th Gen. Ewell
earried MiTroy's outer works, dispersed mid
captured most of his army, guns and stores
and entered Winchester, and on the saute
- day Gen. 'lodes entered Martinsburg. These
operations gave the rebels undispused posses:
Icion of the Shenandoah 'Valley, and Les:
.4,009 prisoners, 29 guns, 7!) wagons.
and ambulances tud 400 horses as the trophies
lit: victors.
On the night of the 014th, the same 'day.
Ewell "entered Winchester, the Union artily
left its position on the, Rappahannock and
cotninenced-- - the pursuit. Then the rebel::
had eleven days' start of
.Hooker. and• held
the entire .Shenandoah, with all the moun
tain gaps clean down to the Potomac, before
he mord'against them. lie then had' , no
Atance, to offer battle. South of the Potomac
Olccepf,,at great disadvantage, and ho sensibly
declined to do so. Lee says that no .• favor
able opportunity was presehted to attack"
ElOoker in his march, as. he kept the roads
c=lose to the Potomac, and "th'e transfer of
Ott seeile of hostilities Northof thp Potomac"
bocazne a-necessity for Lee, fur he could not
rernalit idle: with his whole armY in the She
nandoah, so far - from his base _id' supplies.
'Oen. Jenkins was then ordered into Penn
sylvania, and. penetrated as far as Chambers
burg, but as this - did not have the effect of
drawing I.l.eliker front Virginia, and., failed
also in compelling him to at ack Lee in his
Otosen position, a movement . force into
ilaryland andl'etinsylvta became the only
alternative remaining' for Lee. On the 24th
Longst rout and Hill ma - rched, to the Potomac,
and the,tbrtner erossdd at Williamsport and
the latter at Shopperds to wn. These columns
were united atgageotown and advancfedinto
Permsylyunia, mehirig Chambersburg on
the 27th. -LeCthusegplains his positionand
plans after reaching this place : •
Flo report had Veen received that the Federal
army had crossed the - Potomac, and the absonce of
the cavalry rendered it ippossible to obtain well
ed° inforfuat,on. In order, however. to retain it on
the east side of the mountains after it should. enter
blarytandjand thus leave open our communioation
with the Potomac; through Hagerstown and Wil
liamsport, Gen. Ewell had been instructed tiiigmd a
- division eastward from Chambersburg to cross the
:loath Mountains. Early's division was detached
fir the purpose, and proceeded us far east as York.
while;the remainder of the corps proceeded to Car
lisle: •
lien. Imboden, in mirsuance of instructions pre
:vien.gry referred to, had been actively engaged on
th e Jett of Gen. Ewell during tae progress of the
latter iuto Maiyiund. He had driven off tho forces
guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, destroy
ed all the important bridges on the route from
Cumberland to Martinsburg, and seriously damaged
t h e Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
" Ile subsequently took position at Hancock. and.
mi n ', the arrivaTLof Longstreet and Hill at Chem
berabdrg was directed to march by way of M'Con-
Itellebitrg to that place."
tit") hits - bean it-tacit eoujectirras to the
reasons which aetirated the rebel ei*lmander
- - .
in failing to attack Harrisburg. It is well
known that Gen. Ewt;ll's corps was all north
of-this place, and that he had an ample force
to. assaultthe raw troops and rude fortifica
tions improvised foriho defense of, the capi
-01.: It iiclear,-now. however, that the ex-
Waristing efforts made by Gen. Couch to save
oni*Lpitol, with most inadequate.rnerms, re
salted in so .delaying the .rebel march that
they were called to Gettysburg before they
felt eridrely - safe in making the attack. Gen.
Lee says : .
"Preparations. were now made to advance np - on
but on thenight of the Oth information
was'reeeived'fromn scout that the Federal army,
having crossed. the Potomac. was advancing north
wards, and thud the head of the column had reached
the Sontli Mountain. As our communications with
the,Pototnac were thus menaced, it was resolved to
Prevent MA further progress in that direction by
concentrating our army:- on the east sido of the
Mountains, Accordingly, Louggtreet and Hill were
directed to proceed from Chamborshurg to Gettyq
bitrg; to which point Gen. Ewell was also instructed
tan:tat-eh from Carlisle.".
It wilt be seen that the, capture of Harris- „ ,
bitrg.tind the, destruction of the'_important
bridges on the Susquehanna, were embraced
lit the rebel programme. They were Saved.
only by the militia and fortifications/retard
ing Ewell's movements until :.geadthreat
cried Lee's communications andfr' required
Lee to recall Ewell and concentrate his ar
my: Lea's -army was now drawn together
.with wonderful rapidity. 'Gen. Stuart . cross
ed the Potomac tit 'Seneca, and marched by
Westminster Carlisle, where he ,found
that Ewell had already fallen back, and- he
hastened to join Lee at Gettysburg. Indeed
Lee's -whole army was on the battle ground I
bi,:the evening of the '2d of July, but Imbo-,
dons command, whic'h 'passekthrongh Chain
harsburg on the evening of the 3d and joined
Lee.just'in time'to find him utterly dtfsated
and retreating. We give:the account of the
battle in Gen. Leers own , language ;:
- "The - march .award Gettysburg was conducted
morallowly than it Would ttuviTheen had the move-
Incubi of the Federal army been known.
'The leudingdivision of Hilt Met the enemy in
.lititrtirtee at Gettysburg, on the morning of, the Ist of
11. 1 1 Y ., , Driving back the troops to withih a short
_:_tanee of the town, lie there encountered a large
- e with which two of his divisions became en
-- Ewell coming up' ith two of his divisions
: Acidlersburg roadjoined in tke engagement:
emy was driven through Gettysburg with
.loss, including about tire thousand.' prisoue.
anitileveral pieces of artillery.
"li_o retreated to ti. high range of..hills south and
mutt of the town. The attack was not pressed that
affernhon, the enemy's tercel:ming unknown, amid it
being considered advisable to await the arrival of
the Mt, uf our troops.' Orders were sent, back to
hasten their march; and,. in the meantime. every
effort was made to ascertain the numbers and posi
tion of the enemy, and find the most favorable point
of attack. It had not been intended to tight u gen
eral Matte at such adistance from our base unless
attacked by the : but, finding ourselves un
expectedly confron•ed by the Federal army, it be
cattle it matter of difficulty to withdraw through the
mountains with our large trains. At the same time
the country was unfavorable -for collectingsupplies
'while the presumes of the enemy's main body, as he
Isms enabled to restrain our foraging parties by ot"
Cul) . Yinfr the. passes''' of-the moureains with regular
- i..m.Jar.4•l - '...A. battle thus become. ins Limas
ure, rimistiti bill. Encouraged by the successful
issue of the engagement on the first daY, and in view
of the valuable, results that-would ensue from the
defeat of the army of Gem Meads, it was thought
advisable to renew the attack.
"The preparutior.s for attOek were not completed
until the 4rthrnooon of the zd.
" The etiemy held n high and commanding ridge,
along which he had Massed ti large amount or artil
lery. Geri. Ewell oceup ed theleft of our line. Gen.
Hill the centre, nud Gen. Longstreet the right. In
front of Gen. Longstreet the enemy held a position,
from which, if he Could be driven. it was thought
that our army could he used toad vantage in assail
irg the more elevated. ground beyond. and thus en
able ns to reach the crest of-the ridge. That officer
wits directed to endeavorto carry this position while
Gen. Ewell attakked directly the high ground on
the enemy's right. whitilt had already been partially
fortified. Gen. Hill wets instructed to threaten the
centre of the Federal line. in order to prevent rein
forcements being sent to either wing. and to avail
himself et any opportunity that fitight present itself
to attack.
"Aft er a severe struggle Longstreet succeeded in
Eetting possession ofandholdina th e desi red ground.
well also carried some of the strong Positions
which he assailed, and the resultwas such as to lead
to the belief that he would ultimately he able to
di.dodg,e the enemy. - The battle ceased at dark.
" Tit die partiartmecesses determined ute to con
tinue the assault next day. , Pickett. with three of
his brigades. joined Longstreet the following morn
ing. and our batteries were moved forward to the
position gained by him the day before.
"The general plan of attack was unchanged. ex--
copt that Imo division anti two brigades of
coves were ordered to support Longstreet.
'The enemy, in the meantime, hail s=trengthened
his liue with earthworks. The morning was occu
pied in -necessary preparations. and the battle re
commented in the afternoon of the 3d. and read
with great violence until-sunset. Our-troops sue-'
ceeded in on terillg the advanced works of the ene
my. and getting possession of some of his batteries:
but our 4rtillery having nearly expended its ammu
nition, the attacking columns became exposed to the
heavy fire of the numerous batteries near the MUM'
Mit of the ridge. and. after a mast determined and
gallant straggle, mere compelled to relinquish -their
advantage, anti 4 hack to their or'igiaol position,
with severe tens'
The report then compliments , the conduct
of his troops, and justly adds that " they do=
served success so far as it can be deserved by
heroic Valor and fortitude." It cannot be
doubted that the rebel. army fought at Get
tysburg with a degree of courage Worthy of
the hest cause; but they were met with equal
valor by the gallant• Army of the' Potomac,
and finally )tad to abandon - their 'tissaultsin .
d .spair, with one-third of their men killed,
wounded and prisoner's. Lee finding all his
assaults to be fruitless ;save in their rich har
vest of death, resolved to retreat. , saYs :
" Owing to the strength of the enemy's position
and the rednctian of our ammunition, a renewal of
the engagement could not be hazarded, and the
ditlieult.y of procunng supplies rendered it impos
eible-til contutuelonger where we were, such of
the wounded as were in condition to to removed,
and part of the arms collected on the field, were or
dered tb Willlaiwport. The army, remained at
Gettysburg during the 4th and at night began to,rO,
tire by tho road -to Fairfield, carrying with It
about 4,000 prisoners.
Little progress was made that night. owing to a
severe storm, which greatly embarrassed our move
ments.- The rear of the column did not leave its
position nearGetlysburg until after daylight on the
" The march was continued during that day with
out interruption by tho enemy, except an unim
portant demonstration upon Our rear in the after
noon. when near Fairfield, which was CRAP , check
ed. Part of our trains moved by the road through
Fairfield, and the rest by the way of Cashtown,
guarded by Gen. Imboden. In passing through The
mountains in advance lid' the column. ' the great
length of the trains exposed them to attack by the
enemY r s cavalry, which captured a number of wag
ons and ambulances ; but they succeeded in reach
ing Williamsport wit ho ut serious loss.
" The army, after an arduous march, rendered
more difficult by the rains,reached Hagerstown on
the afternoon of the 'oth and morning of the 'ith
The Potomac was found to be so much swollen
by the rains that had fallen almost incessantly since
our entrance into Maryland as to be unfordable.
Our communications with the south side were thus
interrupted. and it wasidifficult to procure the am
munition orsubsistence, the latter difficulty being
enhanced by the high waters impeding the working
of -the 'neighboring mills. The traity with the
wounded and prisoners were compelled to - await- at
Williamsport the subsiding of the tker and the
construction of boats. as the pontoon- bridge left at
Falling. Waters had bben partially destroyed. The
enetny.had not yet made his appcaranee't but, as
he was in condition to obtain largo. reinforcements,
and out situation, for the-rework above mentioned
was becoming daily more embarrassing, it was
deemed advisable to recruss the river. Part of the
pontoon bridge was recovered. and new boats built,'
so.that-by the 33th a good bridge was thrown over
the river nt Falling Waters.
The enemy in force reached our front on the 12th.
position had been previously selected- to cover
the Potomac from Williamsport to Falling Waterc,
and an attack was awaited during that and'the suc
ceeding day. ThisAlid not take place, though the
two.arreies were in close proximity, the enemy be
ing occupied in fortifying his 'own lines. Our pre
parations being' completed. and the river, though .
still deep, being pronounced fordable,. the army
commenced to withdravr to the south side on - the
night of the 13th.
"Ewell's . corns forded the river at Williamsport,
,th'ee pf'Lengstrcet and Hill crossed unon the
bridge: Owing to the condition of the roads the
troonstiid not reach the bridge until afterdaylight
,on tbeNth. and the was not completed un
itil I P. M., when the bridge was removed.—
noting the slow and tedi 'us march to the bridge
in the midst of a violent storm of rain, some of the
,men ln' down by the way 'Wrest. Officers sent hock
„for thorn failed to find many in the obscurity of the
;night, and these, with some straggle , s, fell into the
,hands bf the mow."
WO see nothing in this report that throws
any new light upon the real aspect of affairs
between the two armies when confronting
each other at Williamsport. It is evident
that Lee expected to be attacked, by 3leade
before he_ re-crossed the Potnnute, tind was
as well prepared for it as possible; but we
must infer from his own acaountlff that
he was not in condition to await an attack
as-a-matter of choice. On the contrary he
escaped across the Potomac as soon as it was
pronounced fordable. He does -not, say
whether he had received a fresh supply of
ammimition, but we doubt not that he' dill
as so.,M its it,was possible to get anything
across the rier. -
What Lee's purpose was when he re-crossed
the Potomac is not made known, bitt from
the fallowing paragraph he intimates that he
bad further aggressivi; movements in 'view:
He say s - -
"OWing to thb swollen condition of the Shemin
doah!river the plan of operations which had been
contemplated when we re-crossed the Potomac
could not be put in'exceution, and before fho water.
had subsided the movements of the enemy induced
me to eross the Inue Ridge and take position south
onl: Rappahannock,which was accordingly done.",
kis worthy of note that Gen. Lee gives
no'r,stimate of his losses. He says they' were
" seN7ere," and embraced "an unusual pro
portlon,of distinguished and valuable 00,4
cers.:" but he does not pretend to approximate
the number of men killed, wounded and;
---itrpon the Whole the report of - Let • is lot
erably candid, and as a part of the history of
this!blowly war direCtly affecting thci
berrand Valley, the material
,portions of it,'
as herewith given, will be read with more'
than ordinary interest by our people.
Ty F. Mout:l.z rtaitrAX.—The lastadvices
froth Japan. July 25, represents that all the
fort4gn powers were at war with the , Prince
of 'Negato. This - indepcndenichief, united
to tte Mica° party and opposed to . the Ty
cooit's policy, fired upon American; French,
British,and Dutch ships. The Dutcl; being
an 4n - tied vessel. returned the fire,..but got
pretty well peppered, front' the Japanese bat
teries. The U. S. frigate assaulted the bat
teries and sunk two of the Prince's vessels,
as has been formerly stated. The French
sent 'two war steamers to finish the job, but
not liking the looks of the batteries, except
landing and taking an insignificant redoubt,
actiomplished ..othing: The British, who had
a Previous' quarrel with the Prince of Silts&
ma, have done still worse in their assault,
fvr they have been beaten off by the Japan
ese. With the exception of the British quar
rel with the P.rince - of Sutstuna, the war so
far Is only against the Prince of Negato,wh?,
has the country only on one side of the chan
nel. If the Prince on the other side joins
him, there will be no possibility for vessels
to pass thrGl,l<*f, for the batteries are strong
wiprks and tile channel narrow. The Yedo
of Tycoon government diSavows these acts
of, hostility and gave information of them
to the American commander..
following °Melia announcement rela
tive to the removal of the, remains of. Union
sldiers from the battle-field of Gettysburg,
Will be, gratifying, to the • relhtives and friends
a the martyrs who sealed—their devotion to
their country with their lives:
The arrangements are nearly completedfor
the removal of the retnahri 'of the Union gel
diers scattered over the Gettysburg battle
deld to the burial-ground which is :being
prepared by the several'States interested: for
their reception and proper burial. •
All the dead will be disinterred. and the,.
Remains placed. in (201E118'11nd buried, and, the
graves where marked or known, will be care
fully and permanently re-marked in this's4l
- ~. • .
If it is the intention of the friends of any
deceased soldier nitake his remains hothefor
thev.will confer,a.tavor by immedi
ately making known to me that intention.
After the bodies are remove to this cemetery,
it will Li' very desirable not to disairtnge
the.order of the graves by any removals:
Very respectfully; DAVID WILLS,'
Agent for A. G.. Curtin, Governor of Penna.
I GErrvanntto, October ti; 1863. '
1 The .press throughout all the States 'will
Confer a public , favor by publishing, the
'above. , ,
We Intie meagre news from Charleston
!Bar to the morning, of the Gth. ',The Wee
jilairken had returned', and WaS at anchor. off
;Morris Island.. The Pappsco and •2/":assaic
! work, but as a general thing the Na
l; vy was doing little of importance. Our bat
!! teries wers fired upon occasionally frogthe
Babel for - Won Sullivan's and amcs Islands.
General Gillmore was on the eve of complet
lag- his preparations,
,and active operations
would soon be resumed/ • •
The rebel steamer Herald has been• cap
tured by the U. S.,gunboat nearliCey
Three thousand fresh horsSs for cavalrY
anii artillery serriee, reached Gen. Burnside
at-)inoxville, on the 28th ult. •
The draft 'Will .be commenced in. New Jar
sei on the 26th Inst.' Credits will bo gipen
by sub-districts up to the 24th inst.
, .
Gen.' Pemberton, who has been, several
thnes killed bye reports from the Southwest
'or - tired in Bid ' /ond on the 28th ultimo.
The Memphis- ltanta Appeal pits- the
climax to its jubilation over Bragg's great
victory by exclaiming---" Now Vallandig
ham wale elected!"
White made his appearance in' the neigh
borhood of Georgetown, on Monday night a
week, driving in our pickets , : The gnerillas
had two pieces of artillery.. 2,
Gen. Banks, - it is said, will - take' , the field
,in person to conduct the movements in Tesala
atal Lousiana. .General , Franklin,is, to lipxc
command of the Nineteenth Army Chrps.
large 'petty' of contrabands arrived in
Alexandria yesterday. Their owners,. near
. Culpepper, told them to leave„ as they had
nothing, to feed thbn3 with duringthe coming
winter. - -
The guerrilla General 'Richardson,, who
has so long been a terra to "the people of
Nest Tonnesiee, has .been taken: prisoner.
He had ventured to Meinphis in disguisg, but
he wa.4 recognized ari' arrested.. - -
The Regulars . in the late battle of. Chieka
matiga lost 888 m'ehin killed, wounded; and
missing. It fs but necessary to add that the
brigade numbered cnly about ono,tlo'sand
four hundred to skew the extent of its loss.
Carter`las taken a position at Bull's
Gap. while the rebels holdlm intrenched po
sition at Greenville. it is problible that a
formidableltank movement will be made to
cut Rosecrans' lines and isolate Burnside.
A Court. - Martial at Jefferson' City, Mo.,
has passed death sentences on Wm. of
the 123 d Illinois Infantry; Pratt, of
the 7th Missouri Cavalry, for murder, and.
John Nicholas, convicted- of being a guer•
Adviees - from New Orleans, yin Cairo, to
the 20th of September, state that natters are
appraoching a crisis on the west bank of 'the
Mississippi. . Two army Corps, the 18th and
19th, except one , division, Intye been sent to
Brashear city.
, Oen. Blant',liits, left for Fort
,seott and
FOrt. Rinith; rhere l -'urt to-clay in Leaven
worth more than n hundred Union families;
who have been .drive i n 'from their homesin
Platte.county tiy, the . fear of violence from
the Missouri State m ilitia.
The rebel papers have repeatedly Stated, bf
lute, that Bragg lield,dve thOusand prisoners.;
captured on the 20th and 21st ult. When
the e4ange „ took place the other day he
turned over to Gen. Roseertihs a feuilesS Man
two thousand men, wounded and all _
On account of the sea wasling too close to
the encampment on Morris Island, and the
presence of the men attractiog sundry rebel
shots, Gen. Gillinen has Moved his force
down to Folly Island, leaving, of course,
sufficient garrisons in forts Gregg and Wag
ner to guard against a surprise.
It is thought that no movement will be
made from Vicksburg immediately General
Logan has taken command of the city,• and
closed the stores and other places of business.
General Grant was .able to mount his horse
and ride out on the 25th, • after haVing been
disabled by his fall for a full month.
A letter from Dalton, Ga., Sept.. 20,, pub
lished in The Richmond Dispatch on Satur
day says;
“The over-sanguine multitude w be sotne
at disappointed to know that the work of
Gen. Bragg's taking. Gen. Rosecrans's army
is no easy sob. Although his losses have
been heavy,' he yet has-a very' formidable
The confederates are warned by the, 'Rich- .
Mond papers not -to expect an easy conquest
of Rosecrans' artily.- Indeed, the whole ten
or of the'southern press is to the affect that
they are highly dissatisfied with the victory
.gained by Bragg, and believe that it will be
fruitless unless Roseerana- can be , at .once
driven .out of Ten nevew
Two thousand Union clamps lave _Seined
our army at ,different points,-, in • Arkansas,
since its progress into the heart of 'the State.
Two newspapers have been • started at` Little ,
Bock, and the railroad heiween that city and
Devall's Bluff has been put into operation,
Colonel - Meade - , a brother-of General Meade;
having it in chhrge: "
It is — nocr know - n 'that the rebels had In
tended to have taken the Atlauth from the
Savanah river, to New York or Philadelphia,
and to have shelled Oosi3 cities with the
(}reek fire. This plan was, but short by ber
capture 1 )3 , the Weehawken. 'A large quan
tity of the shells containing the indamahle
compound have been 'di's - covered on board the
A new arrangement baS been agreed alien
for the exchange of prisoners. The_ details
are still under consideration. All military
prisoners captured and paroled prior -to Sept.
1, and all civilians captured and paroled pri
or to the Bth o? 3iay last, have qeen recently
deckired exchanged, The question as to 'the
statue of colored troops and their officers' it;
, .
still •in abeyanee.
While adjutant-General Thomas vas on
the passage up the Mississippi.from Helena,
recently, he discovered a Lieutenant-Colonel
:of a Missouri regiment into:xicated..and be
having in a_ most shameful manner: The
General told him' be had disgraced the ser
vice, tore off his shoulder-straps,-put him Mi.-
der guard, and.dismissed him from the ser-'
'vice. ' • • • •
A , letter from Nashville, 27th inst., : says
"Since Thursday last :reinforcements • have
been pouring down to Chattanooga.
,and • on
that day some twenty and thirty-pounder
parrot% guns, lying here unused'aince Nash.;
villa fell ; were forwarded. The finest troops
which hive passed through the city were the
Fifteenth regulars. They marched like ma-,
chinery and stood firm" 'and erect as,, stat-
Th'e Rebels in North 'ouFOlpEia are prepar
ing, by their movements, to 'resist an aatiei
patetd raid by us. Alreidy the Home Gutirds
oQnineteen counties have' been - called
Probably th'e.recent depiaturciof an, expedl
'Von from Fortress MonrOC, inidor.General
Foster, has sent them thus on the.. gni sire.
It is reported by deserters that Mr::.Holden,
of theßaleigh Standard, has_been• *sassinA
fed. • A detachinent of PennsilVaula soldiers
recently destroyed valuable Rebetaelt yorksz
at Nag's Head.
The Washington correspondent of, the
esturriereiril Advertiser - writes us follows :
—Telegraphic 'communication direct with
qeneral, Rosecranes headquarters has een
established with
,Washington, so the Presi
dent and General Halleck can know almost
hburly the condition of the situation ofehat
tanopga. It ; seems that the reinforcements
ordered fro r m so many, quarters did. not reach
(len. Rosecrais as Soon as many anticipated,
but telegraphs at last that large numbers
of troops have now joined. him.
' A special despatch hafbeen received from
Knoxville, which is considered efitirely
that Gen. Burnside held the country
from Knoxville to Calhoun, on the Hiawas
see river, and the WeStern'and AtlantiC Rail
roads, and only 25. miles distant from Kings:
ton, the junction of the Western and Atlantic
And Borne railroads; and -east of Knoiville,.
as far as Greenville, on the. Bast Tennessee
and Virginia railroad. He srs'cr possesses all
the passes into North Carolina., -His riglatis
in eonimunication with Gen. Roseerans, and.
his position all that could be desired. His
army : is in the, best of health and spiribi.
Great excitement prevails in Nashville,.'
on account of reports of the approach . of a
rebel forolt to that City._ It - .ti . 5a,c4.944.,
Forrest has with him ,four thousaild,;tnen, ;
and has ent the railroad between Bridge
port and Chattanooga. Some skirmishing
has taking Place in - the.vicitity of 31urfrees
horo, and the rebels attempted to destroy .a
long ,bridge;at that place. At the time the
wires were cut leading to Chattanooga, at
daylight on Monday morning, no' fighting
was going on at the latter place. "
,No alarm
need be felt for General Itosecrans' comma- •
nications us they cap only be destroyed tem
The Washington correspondent of the
Boston Trtireger says of Gen. Hooker's move
ments: "He. IS to be under ltosecrairs, and is to
conimand a part, of the reinforcementi' sent
to Chattanooga. It is pretty generally
known that the government is-exerting itself
to the utmost to give RoSecrans troops enough,
not simply 'to remain safely on the defensive,
but to assume the offensive at once.. Hooker
will have charge of one of the largest Corps
of the Army 4.f . the Cumberland, and, he has
few Superiors as a corps - commander in the
, country. .He accepted the appointment read
' ilv although it is a step down the ladder, and
it was a fine exhibition of patriotism as Well
`as good . sense for him to take it unheiitt
tingly." • !;
Major General George Henry Thomas,
whose corps appearslo have borne the brunt
of the recent battles in North Western
Georgia, was born in Southampton county,
Virginia. July 81, 1815, and is- tints
bed : gruff, tamed. bear sort of a'looking
perSOnage, is Gen. Thomas, with a face bid
den in a profuse gro,wth • of sandy heard, that
gives a wonderful truculent expression tuhis
countenance, a manner that partakes rather
of command in camps',than of the courtesies
of the drawing,room, but thatis at tessi frank
and direct, and *itlha contempt of show that
manifests itself in adhering to the uniform of
a cavAry colUnel, instead of donnirig the
short-lived stellar glories, of a “during.llle
war" .Generalship. His corps. consists of.
Rosseates, Reynold's, Brannan's andNegley's
divisions." - "
special diipateh from Knoiville, Tenn.,
to the 'Phyadelphia Bulletin, eayS 'Col' Car
ter had taken position at lulrs Gap. The
rebels hold Greenville,, strongly yeenforced.
Bayard and Woolford are still in advance,:
below London; skirmishing with' the Rebel'
_cavairy. - The Rebel attack o'n
indicates 'a formidable flank movement, 'to
cut Rosecrims's lines and isolate Burnside.—
On the 28th ult. this Rebels attacked our
right, and were repulsed after a fight 4f two
hours, A large number of Rebels veie tak
en prisoners.' They express ,mortiflcation:at
the result of the Chicksirusuga' battle; their
losies far exceeding ours. 'rive Rebel-divis
ions wore separated at, Harrison's Landing
oa the Tennessee. Rebel cavalry was detach
, 4at in: arceffGrt to cross the, river czn ~tbe 80th,
but' were &1.. Vet back:.
VOL. 70....4110LE NO.
Hon. Erastus Corning-lis t s resigned his
seat in Congres“3,' ori aieoutis of ill health._
Moseby, the .guereilla,' is- alive, afte;jill,
and moving about--rsomp say upcm..,one . leg,
some upon two. - - .
The French um' baisador at St. Petersburg
Was to quit RUsiin for Pais on thO3Bth ult 1
on leave of absence. - -
The rebel Brig. Gen. Gidedn 3. Pillo , w is
superintendent or the..tiureati of cor4s,i.riptiost
at Marietta, Gelgia. „,
The rebel. ,Gon. Walker,:who.twas lately
wounded in a duel , in -Arkansastivithlaert.
Marmaduke, has since died.
Gen. Martindale returned to Q4asliingtoa
• •
on Thursday', and resumed his duties as;Mil
itary Governor of the District. •
Torn Thumb_ retires upon -a quarter" Of a
million. Its sometimes easiertarnahn a for
tune by liftlenell than by ireatriesS.; •
Oliver Wendell Holmes made his first. ap
pearance as a politicirm in the 4a.ssachusetta
State Convention which_ re-nominated "Gov.
It is asserted that the Russian adnilralty is
making q.petimenta -teisels:tip_ecially
destined, in'the event of war, to be sunk in
the channels of Cronstadt.
Mr. Carter, one, of , the proprietors. of the
Baltimore Gazette, and four of the.oomposi
tors, arrested a few days since, laVe ben
released by Gen. Tyler. •
Kossuth - lives
.near Turin, p00r . .4a Avon,
and his 'wife, in :consumption. 4a . ribaldi is
on his island farm at Caprera, lame Aut pheer
ful, with an-income of $6OO. ;
A movement is on foot inlies'achtiseits to
procure an elegant j awokil for preserAtion to
Gen. Banks as a special' recogitilidit'ot his
services in taking•POOtimisen,
Genes Hancock writes .that- although the
wound received .- atT - Otttysburg - has not en=
tirely healed, lie:Wiltbe able to resume his
position in the army in a few day,s.
Gen. Efeintielmati: :, ivill, 'as "thins now
look, at.least for the present, retain, command
of the Department of Washington.: - Efforts
to supersede him seem to have bees} abortive.
Sam lloustorOaccording to a dispatch to
the rebel Atlanta Appeal, "died of phempo
nia, in attempting to carry outsn engage
ment with English impositor.":Xhat an
end for such a - man 2
-Brig. Gen. 'Whipple,' has been *Pointed
chief of stairto Gen. Roseerans, - alia , hits left
for Chattanooga: ' He is a gallanftoidier and
a high-tonea 'gniatleman. le eir4l wi h
hiin the
Gen. Sigel,was ,the: recipient by a grand
ovation Pittsbutgwon retuht :from a
meeting in Westmoreland county. He Made
a speech, urging hitheaters`tto'vot6the Union
ticket. is the best :way to - assist in patting
down the rebellion,_. • • .
' The Boston f`riivedter says that Brig. Gen.
Slie,rman, who lost a leg at th 6 side of 'Port
Hudson, has 'nearly recovered. — '
, Hp is still
at NeWport, and is able to hobble,about the
strdets by the use of crutches. ~ Hesinill soon
procure an artificial leg, and returritb duty.
• :The . Ditioit Free Preis states' il4it the
health. of Gen. Gan has Imprni4 - nnd he
was considered out of danger,. ,Gen., Casa Le
now eighty one years of age; liaving . .been
beim' in 11781: 'ln: that" year vie f e‘also'hOrn
John C. 'Calhoun Thomas IT. ilenijOU,
lel Webiter .4a Martin Van.Buren. ,
.• The Republican is authorized andi'reoest
ed to state, in behalf Of Gen.' Gilnicire'!and
Admiral p"aldgren, that thereisnotnoy4nd
never has beWn any misunderstanding between
those two olikeia; and that the mnsti , pleasant
relations have always existed mid' do now
enstibetween then's. , :
; Gen. Trusten Polk arrived • IstrSt,- 1 1,04 on
Saturday as a prisoner of war4c;atid.*lll-1*
tent to 'Johnston's Island: Bid 6ap
tured viith hi.ininarkansis, Wea'"fitsot allowed
to accompany him, to St. -I;onii,:tl,seir . old
home. Gen. Polk -was formerlyGovetnor
Missouri and a United'States s.c%riator from
that State. "
The cause „which ;redueed.:to the ranks
Gon. Boger A. -Pryor, of 11(6'1414 array,
was cowardice in some shiiniislice•dif 'the
_ : Those r who remenibeOryofifti
rious speeches in Congress soinb wears: ago.
and his conduct subseq .' thet*lacciir"
with Potter, 'will not bt4
' ,
Rumors' were also eurrent.that t the Russian
ambassador to France .was about-to :rreickieti
to St. Petcnsburg on leave of` 'The
TarisjournalLaNciion;says: Se-w,eralk.Miii
als' have announced, that,.on necount ofithe
insertion of the Polish menioiandum iii:thii
Mmiituer: M. deßudberg had `callec3;u ion
M.. Dronyn huis,
affirm-that since the cOMmumention
of the last diplomatic document no-interview
, ,
has taken place between M. do BucibCrgland
M. prouyp de Minya. 1 - 7 "
The EMperor:Napoleon malady; ! under
Vlich be is fast! growing old and in4tm..,'
Lich that he is, not able.• to goon. - horseback
without Alibiing intense pain,: and *if his
visits to, mineral springs di?not. sepin fo, ,pro
duce any permanent ,reliek. 11AP141Furlin
hapily,: Emparora also are-but .mortals s l7iind
no; lithotomists . can be 'fbundlit'Oliteir
wided'ominians who are able
without causing pain., Titinik . pf.444Na
poleon'bouita to-a surgeon's table Aafter hav
ing esetrpOd - the botribsofprsintand theother
E '- •