Newspaper Page Text
THE GETTYSBURG RATTLE-TTULD.
On. Tuesday evening after - the fight, we
found ourselves among the crowd of visitors
tO - Atte hattle field of Gettysburg. There
warewinany -whose - Snd feces arid - itixicls
'nquiries proclaimed- thdr.errand. 70thers,'
again, were busily attending to. the necessi
ties of the wounded ; - but--,perhaps in every
bi.iaat, there - was felt Something of that `strange
feeling which instinctively draw's - ; us to it
bittle field. It is not Morbid curiC-Sity, as -
Mulewould' claim. It is With a feeling — More
-akin to reverence that we , draw nigh tP
bread andbloody altar, en which thousands
Of 'Par felloWTheings have so freely laid doWii
_ll - ves for \ our redeuiption.. Such spots'
aOehrines to which true-Patriots will - ever
make their 'pilgrimages: ana.' may rest
assured-that the nal-len - is -nigh - destruction
when it can forget et', walk, thoughtlessly ,
over Lits battle grciujuls',.. 4t., *as with ranch
feeling that we stood ow the- now' historic
heights of Gettysburg, The'sun- was -just
setting as we began our walk, and the SilencC'
of coming night seemed - best calculated-to
impress the scene.. A • friend- who had wits
upped the fight,,wajled along, and through
his.yivid descriptions the whole battle seemed:
to rage before us.. Therising fogs of evening.
were,not unlike, the smoke of battle-as We
had seen it before; and as they hung over
the hills on the rebel lines, fancy
- could easily
picture on this mistybackground, Marshalled
iinei end charging columns., `lt eiceeding
dlificult, as-every one is aware who, has -
;insole like visits; to arrive :it the truth con
earning- th'e "details of the fight. Each'sol
clairns for I the point where he stood,
importance. Never was 'there so
Ilkirde . ad assault' as the one repelled by his
brigade. But there are certain points that
teirtlieir own story. The deep ruts made by
the artillery wheels, the broken fragments of
shell, the shrubbery cut down as with the
scythe of - the mower, the trampled caps
'and--haversacks that no soldier comes, to
claim, and the graveS, thick ai if sown
lioad-cast on the hillside, need no interpre
ter. There arc many such places at Gettys
burg, but there is one which will ever claim
'special interest. It is Cemetery Hill, occu
pied-by our centre. It was, as Gen. Lee
mid:in his address to his soldiers, " the key
to the -.3.Th01e - position, and, the Confederacy
expected them to take it." Standing on it
one : could realize as never before the =gni
inde of the issues at stake in this one battle,
That little hill alone stood between the hosts
of the rebels and victory. It was 'all that
seemed to interfere bet Ween 'us and disaster
ail& humiliation to the Whole North. But it
WM peopled That day with heroes; it fairly
bristled with cannons and bayonets. The
tide of battle swept up to its foot, then back,-
then feiward and-partly up - its sides, leaving
than in its fearful ebb, covered with mangled
and bleeding bodies ; bat still like some bold
headland mocking, the . -waves the hill .held
, Qn the top you can. still see/the field-works
marked with the wheels of the carmen.
Just on . the brow of the hill, was a square
field, enclosed by a stone wall. This- made
tsitaparaliel walls, to --stretch between the
Attriets on the hill and the rebels ; and be,
bind them lay. long lines of eager soldiers
waiting for the coming of the foe. The tops
ophese walls arc now, ragged ; in 'some
places broken quite. to the ground. There
is good reason far it,.for
_first the artillery,
fiotath,ose woods opposite, played on them,
' attthetr : a column, the forlorn - h4pe of the
charge, stormed over there. They passed the
iirs4:With a yell broken, hut' not dispirited,
1416 , reached the 'second - and clambered over
They sweep to the brow of the , hill, and
-over it, and at last lay their hatids on those
.•cannon behind the field works. But there
-Were'Mea with those gims who scorned to fly.
.Britirery was . rnet with equal 'bravery, and
'theyffEivitd'emlirace each other in the fear
., futlyriiggle - of death. A rebel laid. hold of
an:a-Allier - 5 4 min, and in the . *StrUggle threw
higi-fo the ground, and then seized a
stOft&tolfearout his brains. A patriot lieu
terithit- sprang to -aid his - coirirade ; then a
relfl Officer joined, in the fray. It was a
brief struggle—a Shot, a snapping stab with
bayonet, and two more traitors passed to
their doom, This was the way they fought
around these guns. -For a few brief minutes
-the enemy held batteries, then broke and
fled in disastrous ,rout clOwn the hill. Few
reached-the meadow below , They lay upon
the-hilliide crushed by the pitiless storm that,
overtook their flying feet. Behind the see, ,
end. wall lay a company of Texians, • unable
to move forward or backward. _ They could
netlift their heads, 'so fierce and incessant
was the fire that - swept over them. They
were afterwards taken- prisoners. Next
morning after the assault a man might have
walked from the muddy stream below, up to
the'very muzzles of tho cannon - above, on
d and bleedifg, bodies. All this occurred
just eutSide the gates of the 'Cemetery. - It
seatiA as if 'war in cruel Mockery of death,
had'fiung a thousand -victims 'at his door.
We'vralked back throUghthe Cemetery, and
el:Call sides were traces - of this most sanguin
at', conflict.. Artillery horses had trampled
thellowers _which the baud of affeation' had
planted ',OVei the dead ;, ? monuments Were
overturned, 'and the green sod- of graves torn
by burstifig We noticed one mono
rent shattered by a 'cannon ball. It via.%
ens marking the grave of a young soldier
who, foil, at the battle of - Fair Oaks, His
last words; , «Tell my father I 'died for my
oountry," were chiseled on the marble, and
it,scemcd, as if for these words, the bitter
nes,spf,,rabellion`would disturb his last rest
lagydre. Pat he sleeps on a field of vieto- ,
ryiaftkr,all.. • To give an account - o#'- walk
alorig,the whole 'line of : battle, without en
_into a detailed history of the conflict,
-would be to repeat what has beeii written.
story, l of despellate
saints; d gall int Aefenae; l and. - are I
hiPti4e4lwith patriot Moe&
But in.order to obitain acorr. eet_6nceptio,n,
of tlie- sanguinary.ehir.racter' of. thii battle,
one-must visit the hospitals. The dead are
soon covered from the- stht;,the—scarred,
earth, washed by pitying rains and nursed by
the sunshine, quickly recovers from its
-wound, but men- 'mut'ble - ed.land - gilkin. -, Viid
'die' for long daps after:the shock of :•battle is'
over ; ' and the shattered-.colnmo4 have sWept
away trotther scenes. • Thomultitude of such
suflerers'ut,Gettyslnng is,. appalling. . There.
are literally acres: tovered with them, while •
intlae townevery avallablebuilding is•turned
a crowded hospital. As' -we were•,tliere
early in. the week; it was too soon to find_mncb
done to:relieve their :Nsrants: The citizens of
the place' were dqing all in, their POWer;'• and
so far its' our personal.,kricrivledge 'goes, We
can , ussert most pOsitivelythat the'eharges Of
extortion and indifference 'preferred against
them are altOgether unfounded,' The Chris-.
am. Commissioner vere already present: and
actively at Work. jloo _much' praise' can net
be awarded.: them 'for their . labor of love. ,
pressing 'Wounds' administering" cordials
I sponging- a parched face, writing • letters; Or
administering a fei - wordsOf comfort to the'
dying,: thousands of -grateful soldiers will
bless their navies' and the- cltarity•that sent
them. The sufferings 'et the rebel wounded,
for the-first fife days after
,the were .
indescribable. They had. been left- .their
friends lying under trees and sheds, Without
any adequate medieal attendance, or indeed
i - applies of any kind. The -gnawings of
hunger soon . added to the pains of their ne
glectedwounds, while the drenching rains
hat followed the battle increased the diseom
fUrc,of their condition. Every effort was
made as soon as possible to relieve their•
wr'etchedsstate. They were gathered up and
conveyed tc s o convenient locality on the
*Chambershurg\pike,,where tents- and sip..
plies-Si ere furnished thent.
At this point the fields look as if an. army
were still encamped there; but a closer look
is enough to move the hardest heart. 'Pity
turns away to weep; while indignation:bursts
out afresh against the, :wicked leaders who
betrayed these misguided men. to, such horri
ble suffering's. Mainied, -wounded, covered
with gore and writhing in agtiny they lie
there to mark the pathway the monster se
cession hes trodden. There is"a most re
markable contrast between the Wounded of
the opposing - armies:' We need not allude
to the outward appearance, for the filth and
squalid attire of the rebels are proverbial. It
is also to be expected from the result of the
batlq, thatrane party would be dogged and•
stillen while the other would be cheerful.'
But the contrast may be traced in the cheer , -
fulnets and- patience with which the ineff
bear their , wounds. I, have yet .to hear. a
regret from our brave soldiers that they en
tered; the army, or that - they had. sacrificed
too Much for their country; while among the
rebels one could hear z without itquiry; ;Most
hearty wishes that they were •,out of-the ar--'
my and safe at home; Frequently did we
hear; the desire expressed that the;' "war
might soon be over and the Union restored
as before! A dying rebel froltr Georgia,
the son of a wealthy
_planter, sent tot a min
ister:in the town to beg of him that he would
."see him decently buried' and write to his
friends of his death. He stated that he had
been driven into [ the 'army by the bayonet,
and that his father had offered fifteen
red dollars for a substitute but none - were to
be had at any pride. Others expressed their
sorrow that they had taken up arms-,.against
tbelTnion, but who can point out a soldier
in Or army, sorry for the part he has taken
in subduing this rebellion.
The debt the-North owes to the Army of
the :Potomac is one we can never repay. But
for it, we would to-day, be_ lying : helplessly
in the power of the insurgents.
.Surely , then
no Appeal. need be• made to our generosity. to
send all, necessary supplies to the suffering
soldiers at Gettysburg- The .number is so
,greet that it will require continuance in well
doing on our part-A° supplytheir need. _lt
will be months before this vast 'army of suf : -
fer 4 can discharged. this
might add, in
definitely, to what has been written, but
every one is busy repeating the story of how
the fought at Gettysburg. Nor will it now
grow old. History -shall record it on her
pages, and generations yet unborn,- shall
read it with:throbbing; plies, and with
glowing words bring their tribute" to the
memory of those who have bled and died for
their country's redemption.
Gen. S. Wiley Crawford and the PetinsYl
yenta Reserves—Ella Address jto his
Troops.—The Iferoisnli of thelteseives"
at Gettysburg. -- - -
Corroppondence of the Franklin Repository:
GETTYSBIIRG, July 15, 1863,
Gen. S. Wylie. ; Crawford, being identified,
With our county, his father, Rev.. Dr. craw
ford, residing but a few miles ,frOm Chain
bersburg, I.- think, it will be' interestilst to
your reader's to have a sketch, of; his colistec
tion with the celebrated _" Pennsylvania Re
serves" in their recent action at,Gettysburg,
It has been the fortune of this Division to
be commanded by-some 'of-the ablest generals
in the Army of the Potomac. Reynolds,
Meade, Ord, and ScYmonridisciplined it - tor
the field, and ledit inengagemonts.in,which
it won the proud name it-bears, and so, often
saved the general army from' ruin, Accus
tomed to such leaders, the
,Reserves' id'atis of
commanders were very ,high;. And when
Gen. Crawford, a_ young. man, came from
another quarter. to,' take _cotamand, be was
scrutinized ,zealowly. .you, can readily see
how delicate the position in.which Ite , swas
placed ;-that the utmost that he derekhopc .
Was to keep_ upon an equality with his able
_Upton's. Hill, Va., near
Washington, and, among its ,defences, he
took command of ,twa ,ofr,thet three brigadei,
composing McCall's Division P. R. V. C.,--
t fralthlin Utpositorib eliainbtrsburg, a.
the dst McCandless, of
the $7, - ,likinierlt r .censisting of the "Buck;
2d T,P,egiments, and the
qa. Brigade; tifftlet COE.Fiaber, of the sth,
Poniprising the . .,tit,`2th,.loth, 11th and Itth
egiments. Quickly anti unostentatiously
he assumed his charge, and
„proceeded. at oiice
to the more efficient organization of the
vision,:aiid`to the .stre.ngthening of bur pa
sition Just-as hadfcitirselv_es.nicely
;the order came for us to join the-Fifth Corps
ofthe Army of the Potonac, then com
manded by Maj. Gen. Meade. Our marches
Were - eminently forced; day and night,- in
'ahn'ost constant rains, footsore, ;weary, flint
and hungry, we hurried along; from the .sth
June until tfie 2d July, when we closed our
long march on the battle-fielth The Ger i eral
'conducted this fatiguing march with great
Judgment, and evincedvinucksympathy with
the men, sharing their:exposeres and
ing them on their way: -
Immediately before We crossed the'"ttate
Line," the historic "Mason & Dixon," vhile
the Division rested. Gen. Crawford issued
the following animating address to histrops;
Soldiers of the Pennsylvania 2eserreal:-. 1
You have once more been Called to the
field, by an order from' the Cinnmatang
;General, and a rapid and fatiguing mend has
placed us again by the side of our comrfdes,.
endeared to us by sufferings 'on many' irt.r4.
fought fields. If you- Would .hail -.the post,
pest of active service, at time, witl de=-
light, how much more now I , 'Our Jai:ye
State is invaded by the ruthlessqird% of".
plunderers, who, forgetting South
and :Antietam, and-allured; by the spoil Qf,
our rich,Valleys, have: polluted .the
Pennsylvania, °in--homes --are desolded,
our fields laid waste, our property destrofedi
To-day, within - _alew hours, we shall, tlead
the soil' of the', - Keystone.-.: The cies
will be - upon -To us - they hill with
hearts. for 'relief. Let the sight'of
oar mountains. and our :native plains! fre
your hearts and nerve-your arms-in-the heir
of battle. ''''Are strike for all that is &art°
man. - Beinetnlier4yon.are Pennsylvanirai.
Let no:breach of discipline mar the : glory of
the past, but let I.IA Pledge to each -Other to-thy
never- to'cease until we AriVe the -enemy of
our country, our constitution, and orrg'peree„
forever.frora our sat - •
Brig...GiniCom. )- Div.-1). R. C.
ThTsiddres - s was received with erithusiasn,
and the men crossed over to Pennsylvania,
whose royal hills and forests resounded With
the - cheers of-her gallant sons' wIM were'
about to repeat upon her own soil the deeds .
o (valor which Made famous the battle-fields
of 'Virginia and 4a'ryland. •
A gentleman, who witnessed all he' Writes,.
gives me, at niy reqUest, , the follaWing sketch
of part the General and his Division
displaYed at the battle of Gettysburg: - •
The Ist" and 3d Brigades of the: Penn'i,'
Res. Vol. Corp., commanded by Brig. Gen.,
Crawford, had been hurrying by 'forced
marches to - the defence' -of the Heystore
'State. Through rain and mud, from da`y, -
light until dark, And often through the dark.
hOurs of thenight, they trudged along the
Leesburg pike,' down tye . green slopes of the
upper Potomac, through the garden •and
Wenderfal farms of the la4land valleys,
until, with colors, flying, drunis beating, a 4
the air resounding with 'their cheers,,tl4:.
crossed the border line. At the first halting
place on Pennsylvania soil, a 'soul-stirring
address was made - to them
,by Gen. ,Crawford,
reminding them that their position Was no
common one; that they, the chosen . Bens of,
Pennsylvania, were now calied„upon to save
theirhome,sand firesides Trani pollution, and
exhorting them to conduct themselves as no
soldiers ever did bOore, now that the eyes of
their own people were upon them.
At 11 o'clockin the rnoryng of Thursday,
July :?,d, the Reserves arrived on the hattlee-,
groumlat Gettysburg, and were ordered to
lie with the iith corps in, reserve. The boom
ing of the guns increased,- until about 3
o'clock, P. M. .•
The battle on the left-raged
with, the greatest fury, the fith Corps were
ordered to the front; first, was Griffin's Di
vision, commanded by General Barnes, then
the regulars commanded by' General Ayres,
and, finally. the Reserves. Griffin's Divis
ion took the , centre, on'the slope of a "rocky
and, Precipitous hilt side; in. frent.was Ay
res, his lying behind IL stone-wall, seP
aratedliy a swamp from the rest of the corps:
they were actively engaged, • sheets of fire
flamed from the wall, and' lOng'quick;'rat
tling replied from the woods in front. 'High
up, on ! , Hazlitt's rock" fluted the ..guns,
'lower down right and left, batteries Were
votiiiting forth shot and' shell: The ReServes
were first placed in-position 'on the hilPside
between Griffin's Division and one' of Han
cock's- Divisions. Then Fisher's Brigade, -
3d-Brigade - P,- R. V.C., was ordered td - the
extreme lekthe enemy then threatening our
flank: • -
At half Tait sim'o'elock the fate of the day
was undecid g ed--.--stiddenly a murderoui fire
was opened on Ayers' flank, —un expect ed,and
enough to daunt the staunchest heart as was
this attack s his men fora time stood •firm;
but their rapidl,y, diminishing, ranks, the
hopeless position they field was soonnmani
fest;_ and ,General Ayers gave, the.. order to
fall back:, In good order; - with closed ranks:,
they rose Up and commenced to retreat;
the swamps and broken ground soon threw
them into collusion. The rebels, , zseeing
their position, rushed down upon,thein-•with
savage ; •yelle, -pouring. ,volley . after volley
among -them, and
_finally occupied the stone
wall, : General Crawford rode to thefront,—
Col. McCandless and.• General: Crawford's
staff- officers called_ to their, men- td stand
Steady, as the human tide -came • dewn upon
them. Through their (.Ayers') ranks thCy
,quicker and.quickercame the boom
of_the guns as'_ibeadvantage the rebels. had
wined becamo,se,•fearfully ,apparent. Gen:
CrawfOrd gave, the, word, to ad.vance., Down
the bilk . andin
_a stea4yline, the trigade
went; F.l•9se ' d-itt•i4 . fc>9trand delivered a sin
gle i vialley;„befere the . , smoke had_ cleared,
General. prawferd - gavc the order to charge
across the swamp. The PBnektails" leading
with a wild - hurrah, they passed.. General
Cynwford sized the
~colorfi''of the leikdini
the ftrefroin'heliind : - Cheer
tang from' the hills,.,now: cioWded
On every rock‘and.free, : wit SPecta:tors; `arid'
- towards the woods a crowd of "greybachs"
could be seen running. A few steps:further
the' lost position,"WPS , g4inqy. and the deftof
thet:' line; Wits .saved_.; - :rmaity gallant :mut
bowever:-_markedf, the "track -' The
' "Bucktails" had suffered most, and. Colonel
Taylor, their leader, lay dead on the ground.
A murderous fire was kept up on both , sides_
Witil.night terminated the contest.
Theca . -Iyigade had not been idle during
this finiel.jt_ip. front of them rose a wood
ed pyrataidal.hilt,. occupied by a considera
ble forge of rebel_ sharpshooters, who inflicted
a serious, - loss 'troops. This JIM, to
wards dark, :dot : gisher with the' r sth and
_and the 20th Maine, of
Grfffiin's Division; ascended and held, secur
inga strong'=plAitionon which the left of
thenrmy rested. '
After- Gfineral Crawford, -Colonel
McCandless CO* Auchmuty;the newly
appoiTAted4ssistant . Adjutant General of the
bivision; roade a:personal inspbetion of the
hne of-sliirinishers:thrown out, on the edge
OftlieWood: beyond the waif; 'The fierce
-nature of the conflict Was there idly realized
in the:dead and wounded;:that lay arou4
.The wheat was trociden-AloWn, arms lay
seattered„about. ' !Pie bright full moon look
ed down;.the luieti.br4.en.now and
!then hyri - ritites erack or theW.hiz -of some
p,h T f • bill - rti
Crouched 141MAthe wall,. beady at any
moment 'attaeli - , the Bliii•ade passed
the . night, whil6.the -tre•Ops on.:111e. left :Piled
_rocks a.nd...logs- into formidable i•breastwbAS.
Day-break -ef 'Friday - .was 1. shored in "by
the customary- volleysrEtnuslietry, the skir
_misheri shifting during the.light, : are-,at
day-hreak.compelled. "to .take ayegular posi
,tton.A.t ten-o'clock; the.battiO re-commen
eed by trerriendous attacks ell. 'the right of
From the left a scene was"preserd 7
ed. _which has -,had -no parallel: in the War. -
-The 'high-rocky:hill,. previcaisly described,
conmum a ded view of the entire Geld. - The
146th New York wasrdrspostd among the
rockS 2 as sharpshooters, their red figures
brightening up the' rocks. On the gammit .
still stood idazlitt's °battery., !There Major
General Syl&s,' ccimmander of Fifth Corps,
General Craw6rd, and Genera A.yers estab
their headquartets., ; :and, latet in the day,
General 31.eade hiMself. ^ :For !tWo Miles or
more eXtended an open country, dotted-with
farm houses ? , with here and there•i:,clunip of
mood. On ..this plain, as it, 4 a,Ppeared from
the height; the_two magnificent armies - were
in-full vie*, and every rnoveirient could be
traced with the Halted eye: The never to be
forgotten scene, waS rendered i more exciting
by the crienay's.sharpshooters,l who,
ing the opposite trees, dealt 'death with an
unsparing hand., General Weed - was here
killed," and Dr.' c lEtazlitt, while listening to
his dying words, fell dead upon his body.-
Still,ao , danger could counteract the attrac
'Hon of that sternly, grand army, and crowds
of ofdt‘rs gathered constantly upon the
rocks. - At 5 o'clock, GenerallSyke:s directed
General Crawford'to send 31cCandies' Brig
ade in the woods in front from which • the
tiring had nearly ceased.' Bartlett's brigade
was ordered to support it incase of necessity.
The woods in front were about, a- mile
long and some eight hundred yards- wide,
with a narrow wheat field running partly
thro' the centre. A rebel battery, posted on a
ridge of landoverlooking the woods, opened
a hot fire of canister and round shot, as the
men rose up from behind,the wall. .Into the,
woods-on the right, the brigade swept, driv-,
ing the enemy's, skirmishers before them.
Loud cheers, rang from the hillsides, as the
advance was made, and the battery, evidently
supposing a general advance was to be made,
bastils , limbered upand retired. Baying
cleared the woods on the right, the Brigade
changed front arid, moved down parallel to
the front, receiving . and. returning a severe
fire of musketry from. the enemy, who now
,appeared inconsiderable force. The Brigade
moved rapidly on,,obeying the, injunction of
Gen Crawford, that speed was safety-in such'
movement: 'Suddenly the left flank of
the line was discovered tp he, in the rear of
the 15th Georgia, drawn'up ihline of battle..
In a moment, Col. McCandlesi"swept his
right flank:around; and charged thorn, in the
rear; • Completely panic-stricken, down went
their arms;' and a!general skedaddle ensiled:
their colors, their' Lieut. Colonel, 12,0 of their
men r iind most of their arms, were captured.
This brilliaue Mameuvre finished the "opera:-
tions of the daY. A line of pickets was
posted, and an examination was made of the ,
field. It was foUnd to be - thickly covered
with dead, and wounded. Groans , issued
from almost every bush , and sheltered.
spot, where some poor 'wretch bad crawled
for safety from the shot and shell poured
froth either line. The wounded, many of
whom had been tineared for during twenty
feu, hours; were removed, and a Collection
of, the abandoned armsWaS These !
amounted to 4,687 stand; One biasslS.Tapolean.
gun was also taken, and three caissons.
Many of These arms, however, had been
left by our own Mei in the fiercely contested
battle which had :raged-on this ground the,
previous morning. This 'ended the fighting
at Gettysburg,, and the service, at that battle
of the Pennsylvania Reierve• Corps. Their
loss was 230inhilleAand Wounded, inchiding
Gen. Crawford display'd the utmost con
cern for,the care of the wounded, and as he
had gained ground,,last in front, he sent at,
once for the litter, bearers:and ambulances,
- and had the wounded borne-to the rear; thus
our. hospitals were filled with the wonnded
from' severalpther-coriis, and with rebels.
The following gentlemen constitute Gen,. I
or awford's staff : Capt. Awl:Muth Ass't ,
Adj. Geu'l; Major Spen_ A. I. G. j; Capt:_
Livingston, A. D. C; Capt. Fox, plirision
9,raf.;, Lient:ltendepson, A. D. ei; Lieutr
fi c hoscCahlwell, 'sth K..i.\, , A. D. C. ; Surgeon`
L. y. Reade r . Wd:DirectUr of Division. '
-.._ I liavel*itten tbia in great haste, having
crawled - into. a ' vacant_ ainbula ee to dud
shelter froin the dishing:, rain. close with
the hope that, God may give a g,reat,vietbry .
in the coming battle to the cause of the Union
and humanity. *
, 13*3Uqr, WAR 1TE214
, _• •
Vicksburg t- Gpttistairkl , whom 0101,
7e . qran4the Meade .pf praise? , .
-Saston'hitsl;!een - placed in cowman.
of. the . Federal
.fo'rce's' on Port ,Royal Island
,Gen..Schenck has issued an ordei , forbi&•
in&ar - my officers Hotel:
, , r den. SehofieldifsUed an eider' restorn
ing the civil authority •in the.department of:
-Major Gen. :Keyes :has I)een, ordered to
New York to, rebeye -Col. Sackett on the
Army Retiring- Board; - " ' -'
. A _despatch: from rortress Monroe sass
that the expedition 'against Fort Darling } on
the James - river, has been abandoned. - t u••
PrisOners just froth.' Richmond do not
think thata4: Of Bragg's forces "have reach
ed thCre. General D. H. Hill is lit'Com
mind there now. # • - •
'Gpn. Geo. Cadwallader has assumed com
mand of the 'United States forces in and
about - Philadelphia. ' -Ile is a Pennsylvanian,
and very-popular where he is bust known. '
- 'A despatch dated Cairo, July 15th, to the
Cincinnati Gazette, saps: :. .
" Parties from Helena represent that Gen:
Blunt has - captured Little Book, with a large:
number of prisoners." ro ;
Gen. Doubleday has been relleved , from
command in the Army of the F- 1 40_,Mfte,
and order i to 'take command of the delo.
for drafted Yuen, to be established at Buffalo,
New York. •
Chen. Neal Dow, who was captured i►t
Brashear City, is now in_ Tdibby - Prison at
Richmond.. The Rebel papers chuckle-over
'him, and say he wilFprobably remain there
fir some time..
Gen. Gilmore will be left in snprentecom-:
mand in the attack on Charleston. General
Foster's headguarters . ,wilt be at Fortress
Monroe, and his operations confined to Norti
Carolina and Virginia.
'The drafted men at Plattsburg, N. Y.,'
nntabering :three'hundred,. celehrated the
"'election" by,music, ,a procession, rePented
cheers for the President,. Provost-Marshal;
General - Meade and: (Aiwa.
Four hundred rebel - prisoners arrived at
Baltimore on Friday morning (17th), froth
Hagerstown, and were placed in the city jail.,
Arranmemcnts. have ' been made to receive
fifteen hundred at the jail.
Including the:prisoners, captured ata,Poit
Hudson and by Gens. Sherman and Ro.se
crans, Colonel Hoffman, Commissary Gene
ral of Prisoners, estimates/the total nutter
now in ourlands at over 90;000.
Twelve thousand, wounded soldiers have
'been sent from Gettysburg battieiets;since
the' Scene the memorable three thiye. hght
ing, distributed among the cities of Balti
more, Wilmington, Philadelphsa, and New
Major 'W. Painter, of the regular
has been appointed Chief Quartermaster of
the First Army Corps, to rank as Lieutenant
Colonel: He was appointed Upon the re
quest of the late Gen. Reynolds, endorsed by
Guns. Hooker and Ingalls.
The Hon, :Maim Whiting, Solicitor of
the Treasury, will leave Boston •in the next
steamer for Europe on important official busi-,
ness, It is supposed that his errand is in
regard to the constant Ming out in England
of vessels - of war for the tebels,
Marshal Kane; at the - head of the 'poll&
department:of • Bat tiinoro, 'whnse ‘, arbitrary •
.arrest" caused so - much lamentation among
among the C4perheads evdywliere, L has run
away from that city, leaving his bail in the
lurch and it is said is *noW an officer in • the
rebel'arrny;_ - - • -
Jefferson- Davis has Ordered out' every
white man under forty-five; Withinete limits
of th 6. Confederacy, to serve in the . rebel
army'. This looks like: War. We wonder if
Mr. Davis 'intends to wait for a decision of
the courts ' beforo :he, compels the conscript to
take up aims•?
The New York Times states that after the
late battle of Chancellorville, Gen. , Meade's
appointment - was urged by every corps com
mander, vith,,Perhaps, 'one exception. The
o.lLccainext 'in rank to Gen. Hooker (Gen.
Couch,) was himself desirous that General,
Meade shouldbe his chief. , .• •
Bath sons of Hon. Edward Everett (one of
whom' has just graduated. at Cambridge,
England) halie been drafted in BoSton. "Both
have made up their minds to serve in person,
instead of procuring substitutes or paying
$3OO each. Mr. Everett himself, - it is said;
declares that if he is drafted lie _will follow
their ex-ample, •
- Brig. Gen. 'G.' K. Warren, Chief Engi-:
neer, Army of the'Potomagi, is universally'
praised for his rare skill; energy end activity;
in the arduous'dilties 'pertaining to his posi.:
ti4n during'fhe InteCarripitign. ' If it be4rue
that he is to be,promoted'to a major-general
ship, it will be nal more than - adeserved tri
bute to-hit!. Merits. ,
An officer of Gen. '3l'Phersori's staff has
hada sword made in Cincinnati, Which -he
intends to present'io]Gerilt. S. Grant. The
a3abbard is of solid silVer, appropriately
carved and beautifullyfiniehed. The handle
of the sword represents a carved figure of a.
young giant crushinethe rebellion. The
hex in which: the weapon is kept is made of
rosewood, bound with ivory, and lined: -with
purple,.. velvet and white satin.' 0a the -in
terior of the lid_Gen. - Grant's );kame is mark
ed- in crimson,silk; • The sword and -borsost
$4,900. • -
.i.ilStEßlVie - 011114 West Market
f 4G, Sidi' iffreNefd, 4-Chainberebneg, Pa.
• 'lto attbseelber Would rippotft illy inform the Travet
log community that beim purchased and taken pewee
'stoner this Ifot lie hopes to make It one of the - mart
desirable places, foretrangere and Wiens to stay at that
can be found ininTeonntry.toWne. • - •"'
1114 . PAItLg will at all titnee_he epiread ;WM
uties - and anhst'antials of the season. I '.•• •,.
FITS CIUMBEItS are lergey - Well vertillatedond fitted
uP4tirnodermatyle., _ ,
lin BAR will NI well - eapplied with a largo and choke
telectlun oftbe very best liquors.. • -
llirS t F.TitilLE omit" always He liintritled .
vhOletimee provender - Or eteck and:attended' by
N 9 pninswill be spared to render entire satisfactintle.
all bile guests; and pledtag himself to endeavor, to pleas*
_all, he solicits a liberal share of the pnblia patronage.
. Jane 17, 'Md.
-• JOHN 3raupat,,
TTN - lON HOTEL.—This - Rotel: \ ig
lu situated °litho corner of Main and Queen Streets,
near the bilundnd,in thellorough-of lihainhershitrg,ra:
The undersigned respectfully announces to the travel—
ing public that this flotel,,has been 'remedied. It' bat
been raised to TIIREE.STORIES in height; Arif:
three story Back Building hoe ~been added to it','"glYinfi.
nn iintnence ainonnt of rout' for the y aceommedation
the poblie generally. , The rooms are large and comfort
able. numbering In all, thirty-Dye. They are all w e ll
furnished with. GOOD: NEW FURNITURE. Persona
stopping at this Hotel carthaYoeither double or single
rooms, with or without Ere in them. The Table Fs 'al
ways supplied with the BEST Di- TIE MARIiaT, and:
- will seat over 100 - persons.
The Bar is'filledwith the CHOICEST LIO„II0118. 1 " The
Stable is two,stories, of tho most modern style, the y
bestin the Borough of Chamberarorg%
• ~.4.,nn0 JOHN FlNllEll,Proprieter,
VRANKLri\T HdTEL—Weit side of
the Public Chanthershurg, -- Pa.
,Thesubscriber wduld respectfully infirm the Tv/Y(4-
Communlty 'that he has leased and thken pmeetion
ofthrs Commodionk liotol. - liolopes to make it .one
the most desirable places for strangers end ethers to.
stop that can be canntl-in any country tow*
• 1113.1'..433LE will at all times lan spreatlyith the lux- -
urieg_and sabstantitils of the season.
. . . .. .
HIS CLIAIIiBETtS are large, well ventilated, and fitted
up in modern style.
1118 SAIL will be well supplied withn.largo and choice
selection of the very best Liquors. - ' : '
lIIS STABLE will always be provided - with_piewl„
wholesome provender for stock, and attended by careinV
NO pains will he spared to render entire satisfaction to
nil his guest; and pledging - bimself to endeavor to plenge
all, be solicit. a liberal share of the public patronage. ,
June 17, l tia. DAMSEL TROSTLE.
WHITS SWAN HOTEL„ a ant
be-rsburo, Pa...-Micilsra,i3uovr., Proprietor. :
Having purchased this well-known Hotel, (long known
and, recently as Welst St Grove's.) the Proprt
°tor pledges himself that no pains eludi be spared to
minister to the Wants of his xuests.
The character, heretofore sustained by the House us It
comfortable Home for the Sojourner; abet I not suffer in
my hands if a coartant effort to please and accommodate
will •stistnin it: Tile, proprietor, theretord, solicits a
contimiance of the liberal patronage bereLfore extend
ed to the , -Whi to :limn."
In addition to large Stabling, he has TWO LOTS and
a pair of MT and STOCX SCALES for the actornmodetica
of Drovers and tuteherd.
WELLS COVERLT. - DAVID Ii nUlt!fl OH.'
kJ Hate becothe - the Proprietors of the UNITEII
SISTEn HOTEL, near the Railroad Depot at 1i...1111115.,
BURG, Pa. This popular and commodious Hotel
been newly refitted and furnished throng/tout in par - -
lora and chambers, and is now ready far the receptiver
of guests. - • -
The travelling public will And the United States Hotel
thetriost convenieat, in all particulars, of anyillotel In
the • State Capital, on ae,connt of its access tathe rail
road, being immediately between the two great depose'
In this city, - rattP.RDAYCIIO, June Pt, '63-tf.
- /WWaynesboro' Beeord, Slercersburg =formal, and
Greencastle Pilot. copy 3m., and charge RePoriferP.
Street, Cliamberstairg, Pa. JOHN W. TAYLOR..
Proprietor. Pine accommodation§ and low cLarges.
Stock Yards and Scates are connected with the
remises for the conyenienee f Drorers.
sivo stabling and yards for Horses-and Carriages. , ,
MUSICAL . 11cST - RIDLENTS.
WM. A. POND A C0.,-
-, - - 547 Broadway, 'New rork. -
_ , (I, cto EIt:TI.I. POND & t(t.):
•- Manufacturers of and Dealers in 01 kinds of
1 - USICAL ' - INSTRUME.IIT3
- AND . ;-- --
MUSICAL .MERCHANDISE, .
Publishers and .11vp:irlers of Sheet Music, Murical
~ ~ Wuthz, de., dc., de, ' ' -,, '- -
Pon. it Co. can furnlsh anything 'in the
musical line at the shdrteSt possible notice, and at prices
that defy. competition'. -
PIANO-FOR res (Nea . ) from .5 : 22t Ssoo.
PIANO-FORTES (Second-hand) Troia $75 to $3OO, err( )r
-ing to4size mad style a coos. „
MELODEONS of tileceickrated makers, at mannfac
turere prices. - '
PLC EES, from one to light keys, and fro bOci 1'6'1123'
in price. -
G.F.RMAII SILVER 4.F.ES, in case,. $7.
GUITARS; BANJOSI "VIOLINS. vlotoNcEttcis.
DRUMS, - ACCORD NS, CONCERTINAS,- and alt
kinds of Muslcal Irk.truments.
A set erotic - very best VIOLIN STRINGS, Isc. ; GUITAR
STRINGS, St; BANJO " STRINGS, $1; sent by mail
We p alish one Of the largest and most valuable Oita
lognes hi 'America, ang are dally adding to It. Our . f.ie-,
ilities for furnishing ej'etything in this particular de
partment ore UNISMITt.D. .. ,
Every pieceof Music published in the United Mates
for sale, at wholesale and retail. We have constant t•s.-
changes with the European publishers, and can the.se
fore supply any foreign music. desired. , . .
CITA bOGUES SENT GRATIS.' -
..i.ftrafc &la bit Maily , . PoAtoge Paid, on -Receipt of .I.t
Varlet; d Price,
Dealers, Teacbers, and Seminaries, can obtain thrii'
supplies of Music by mail,-at a postage of only , Tutu
Cents en traclt package of four ounces, or less, anti fore
cents lot ,arch - four ounces, or less, weight of books.
WM. L. .YON'D 8: CO.,
July 22-Im. i 547 - Broadway, New Tt.rlt,
"ttASON: S.; HAMLIN'S
'Ol`E - pr. TWO SETS 'OF REEDS, -
AUTOJLLTIC SWELL, DOUBLE, BELLOWS, KNEE•
mu', AND COMBINATION . VALVE. :
Erery Instrument Warranted for Fire ream: era
PRICES mom VO:ro $450.
-"'The Cabinet. Orgauis the only instrnment Whic.h
crnbines the requisites; for church and parlor Mnsie
for the schoci room and the social fest.val gathering.
For while it Possesses sufficient power for the accompa
niment of •a large chorus, it is, from its satiability of
all shades of extression, and its wonderful creseexdo
and diminuendo, moll} 'effective as a solo instrument.
It is capable of orchestral trects, and rapid music. vs
arpeggios, etc. From its sustained tones, Itjias
a decided advantage over the Piano-forte, for the rend. r
ing of many of the choicest moreehult of the mutt re,,
such as symphonies, quartettes, etc." -
11. A. MeCLIIR.F., Chumberabarg, Pa.
- General Agent for Pennsylvania.
N, 13,-The undersimied-will sell and deliver. in r.cod
.Cabinet Organs anywhere in this State. at
factory, prices. All duquiries by letter promptly an
swered„ : [Jinker:. '63-tf.] IL A Ate.
ntAN - 08 .
P. iVOLDRE, solo agent for the celebrated
DECKER EROVIERS' (NEW YORK) PIA O
Pianos:delivered, end put up in perfect condition, halal,.
Part of gni State, at ,
- - -
tdatrumenta warranted 6-five years. .
lIMA.B from-other factories
51 will be famished, if limited..
• - 9CLURE, -
Chnuit>ereb - arg, Pa.
AI:ANTED.--$5OOO worth of Qz.r)
r z GOLD PLATES. Persatui having - worn ou't
Artindial Teeth retreated upon ilohl...Plate, in 13rge,or
mall quantities, can obtain the highest price, either In
cash oVn exchange for Dentristry l by calling upon
corti er;Ailain and Queen s t reets, ab &AEU} uTe Wn. Ileyeer's
DrugStorei chambereburg, June 10, 63-ant,
rixTANTER—_- . $6O a - Month I-4.We
want Agents at $OO Wu:arab, expenses - P4 to
sett our Evertasting-Pamits, Oriental Burners,' and
thirteen other new, usernt and envious articlih
teen circulars sent free. Addresi :
)Say 13-3 m
A N D.,--47 1 5 1- a 21to' nth !-=4
ivaatio hire Agents Inlay ery comity at 71175 . is
month, asp,enses pahl, to tell pew cheap ,Famitj
Eleatiag Ilachiaes. A4dreae S 11AD1b014.,
Ila 3 134 m Alfred, 2clatnre.
MICR A.EL GROVE