Newspaper Page Text
, a i vail,,i4in,f,llo,icizittag.
CIT/,..5/t4i3MR.B 3 3tfM , :
Wanes4ai *ming, Ally
terYJOIX.N K.:SEF.IM:?dr. is #utliorizeci to
reeivo 67a . trieriptions itrol toneract tor Adrirtlscraont4
tor the rirrosrrorz in rho Egtornetieo.
FRANKLIN • REPOSITORY Will
henceforth be issued by A.Ltx K. Mc
etuan and HI NAY S. STONER as Editors
and Proprietors. It has been: enlarg
ed to. its old _ form of FORTY-EIGHT
COLUMNS,—itS size thuslncreased fully
/5-- one-third, and the paper appears in
entirely - new and bealtifultype. - The
old tennis of rwo DOLtans-pr annum
in advance, or two dollars and a-half
if not paid wi t ihin the year, have been
• adopted, 'from necessity, as no, paper
of the size of the REPOSITORY can
possibly be published for less. Indeed,
but for the hope' that printing paper
must in a reasonable time become
cheaper than now, we could not' yen
-ture on the experiment Of attempting
a first-class local paper at the IoW
rate of two dollars per annitm.
Able assistance has been secured"
in the Editorial department, and ''the •
Ii: eal Items of the county . will. Ite"
=given in the fullest possible manner
• Able and'reliable correspondents have
been Bemired at Washington, Harris
;burg and the Eastern cities, and the
-latest news by Telegraph will be giv
en, in each, issue down to the date of
• publication : A. fulb and reliable
weekly review of the 'Markets will
alWays be foUnd in the REPOSITORY,
• aid the very latest • sales of 'Flour,
Grain &c.,, will be furnished every
-Tuesday evening by Telegraph. Lo
tal correspondents in different sec
- tfOns of the-county have been engag
ed; who will regularly report the
- condition of the Ciops, and all items
of. general interest. In short, we
• bops to make the FRANKLIN Enrosr-
Tont the most complete Local, Gen
eral, and Political journal in the State
out' of the leading cities. If in this
'we succeed, itn,d thus merit the pa-
tro - nage of the people of Franirlin
eoUpty, we feel assured that we shall
not appeal in Vain for their generous
!Politically, the FRANKLIN, REPORT
_ • k, •
'TORY' will, during the war, have but
one article of faith—the positive and
unconditional re-union of the• State - s -- 7M+
der the regularly constituted authorities
of the Government. It will resist alike
:Disunion and cowardly Compromise
-with armed treason, as disaster to the
living—as dishonor to our heroic
dead. It, will give a cordial anti
earnest support to the administra.
tions tif President Lnieer.ii and Gov
erner Guaivi, and viill,demand that
everypossible means within the reach
' or power of the .government, be em
ployed to searethe upity and last
ing •Peace of the Republic.
THE VlClNatir AT OETTIi'SBITEd.
' At length the two- great -opposing
armies have met in an open field with
tifirfirrn resolve to corigiter
• stroyed, and ,the - God of battles has
given victory to the Union arms.
It vial . no drawn :struggle--no
deubtful triumph. After three days
of ,the most deadly strife, marked by
a heroism on both sh;les before which
Roman story pales„ the rebel columns
reeled back upon their mountain base
defeated, routed, deoim;ated, without
\ heart or;-;hope.
Under Cover of the night their
\ shattered legions commenced their,
lietreat,huggirig the mountains closely
- `for protection, and leaving their thou
,64 inds of dead to find hospitable graves
. the bands thir foe, while
other,thonsands of wounded were left
- to the huinanity of those by whose
hands theyhad fallen. .The pathway
to their liomeof.desolition and want
was marked by 'the pale and lifeless
monuments of - their disaster, and
'thousands of their living hnve, under
/the dark cloud ;of' disaster, deserted
,their ranks and comoas suppliants to
otrar door* . •
..4carcelibalf (he :insurgent arrnyis
;in hit& array to-day, -
steps - woreAgned:Rs - 011141c Potomac
-only to find :that the ,'very_, ole'ments,
have' risen ' . 'terrible' vengeance,
ngaipst them: -11.oPoloss and dispir
ated: they .find, Ithe ,waters dividing
them fropacafo#, - Ofyitheir retreat:
and the battle of despairlnust be
cfourfit orexo,,pre OD be fouud front
,theLthook ,tho 4;*.(zcomfitura 'at Get
. 11,yeburg. 4_
The4lollg, bruken tiunsfilecl through_
yesterday, and *the Potomac is
Passable,. the historie ground Ai
-I,letam'wilf doubtless-be 'chosen again
by the rebel leader for the last" despe
rate effort for exigence. :It was_
tlere that he learned thebitter,
of the madness of invasien nearly one
vear ago, , when a _defeated, disorgan
ized army : assailed and dislodged him.
NOW the Army of the Potomac mareh
tip,m. him with the victory of
Gettysburg streaming on their ban
ners, and their-hearts strengthcried by
the triumph of the :Right,
Wilt strike with resistless fury-upon
Mingled with the joy of every 1.11.
heart at this great triumph; will be
the deepest sof'4x)w for our fallen he
roes. To protect our honaes and to
preserve 'our Nationality fifteen thou
and of our bra Vest troops have fallen.
They will mourned as the Repub
lic's noblest sons, and green will be
the:chaplets woven for them in the
memory of every fripadof order and
To Gen. MEAD 7, was assigned the
cruel task of meeting an invading foe
within l three dayi after the command
was assigned him. - That he did
it wisely, 'heroically,- triumphantly,
stamps him to-day as the "Great De
fender-of the the Republic!"
'\'‘,TftE plundered, Border. iDf'Pennsyl
vania fiends greeting to the authori
tiekand noble sons of New - York, who
werefirst upon our soil to,TeSißt the
relentless desolation of the despoiler.
When `Sister counties of our State
hesitated and faltered, the flags of the
Empire Bth' and 71st Waved in our
streets, an \ d their guns bristled in the
directiod of\the foe, and the wain*
7th was in Baltimore to swell our for
ces there. Heaven grant that the
Northern frontier may ne,ver feel the
devastating tread of a: domestic or
foreign foe: but should that dark day
ever dawn 'upon us or our children,
there will be-stilong\arms and stout
_hearts from the Giken Spot" to raj
ly to the rescue of the\ Empire State.
Till 'then unfadhig gratitude will be'
cherished for the sons 'Of New York
by every heart that beats uppn onr
THE 15IATERIAL' and subscription list
et the Dfspatch havebeen nuiled with
this office, and ° the subscrlyers to that
journal will henceforth bea furnished
Ni-ith the REposirortY. We believe
that the arrangernent will accep
table to the readers, as it must be ad
vuntagcoas to all parties,, interested,
and the public_ -generally. PersOns
who have paid their , subscription in
advance to'the Dispatch, will receive
this paper v without additional .charge
for the full , period, for which, they
have paid. Many, of the readerS of
the Dispatch wilt dottbless miss its
sprightly little fabe, but with the in
creased facilities4orded by the union
of the two paperS, We: hope to meet
every reasonable want of: the entire
Union party of :Franklin -county.
THE Democratic State Convention
met pt Harrisburg on the 17th ult.,
, soidno minated Hon. George W.Wood
ward, of Luzerne, for Governor, and
~,T[On..Walter R. Lowrie for Supreme
Judge, j"We, ho,Ve neither time nor
room to, notice the candidates or plat
form in. detail, but in, our next issue
we hope to be.. ale to do justiec to
both. It is a nOticeable fact that the
convention - vas in session while the
Rebels were' in frisseSsion of. Cham,.
bersburg and threateninieur eapitel,
but not a word `Was said in sp9eell or
resolutions aboht the -defend = tif our
Cominonivealthfrom the iniielent rebel
IN our next iSime We shall give in
detail the - movements of 'the• rebels
while in our eo anty, and the prominent'
incidents which: occurred during trioir
stay, so As to .fhinisba coinplete nd
accurate historyof tl;e . irivasion.- Our
readers will confer a4social favor by
furnis us the details of incidents
worthy or note in-their. respective
Tun publicat!..c4;of . the 4EPOktITORY
Lae been suspetuiled for two . weeks by
the' occupation ,of the' <Lnnnberlanci,
Valley by theliebels. Titeouteide of
to-days..paper*,.-the 2(1,. 84, < eth, and
7th : pages---Fus ,'priuted -three Week;
ago, afa if. son oof • news. in that
part of the poet , seenis stale, - our
remtere•nnzet charge it to Gene. Lee
'WING to, the interruption . c.ttlhe
- telegraph by thorebeN we are with.
out our telegraphic, . report of .the
Xarkete. ' • '
R GREAT VICTORY!
THREE DAYS BATTLES
Tenn:Atr, and ,Vnijaratteled
TIIF 4 : AER)S VIIRLY -,11)1Tg1) . 11
The Ciilminating Battle
GEN. MgADE. . • •
The Rebels. Reolsed.in,a,-
- ~.' 2ery '..l3i.ttOk I: -:. ' -:: .',
THE PRESIDENT- CONGRATULATES TR,
' : COUNTRY;
SPLENDID . CIADM,O . FOIIII Mg
The Rebel Gen. /Innis
GEN'AICKLES' LEG - AMPUTATED ON . TEE FIELD
SO3VIi OF l i TTE REStITS OF THE
GREAT VICTORY. .t
*Mei Pontoon Bridges at . iVilliamsport.Destr*
OF- THE POTOMAC RIVEk.
HmtaatrAuTrus, Tart) Arms . CaltPS,
•NEAD, GETTYSBURG, July 4,1863. •
The battle of-Friday was the most desper:
ate, iciest fierce and decisive of the war. It
was commenced at early daybreak on ourex
treme left by &determined atta:elc by the.en.
emy with musketry and artillery. The at-`
tack was met by the Sixth - Corps and portioPs
of 'the.First and the Fifth; the Third lyiiig
close at hand in reserve. The :battle reed
fiercely-at this point for nearly three hours, -
when the enemy fell back, yielding to us the_
_whole of the battle field of that morning, as.
well as of the previous day.
Nearly simultaneously with the Opening or
the attack on the left, movements were dis
covered on the right
,indicating' that ari ef
dire,ct - ton. Our artillery on .CefflSery Et4l
at once opeued. l throwing heavy -vollies of
shell over and. to the right and east of the
town. At this- point we had eight or ten
batteries in position, covered by. earthworks.
The enemy responded briskly to our cannon
ading, but with poor effect, t and were eyi
dently. much annoyed by our fire.. They,
however, pi•essed their columns on to the
right, anti - : very soon our infautry,poured .4bn ,
that &kik and were earnestly engaged.: The
contest here was even more earnest and cop-
tinuous than on the left. The Twelfth and . ..
portions of the Eleventh Coips withstood the
shack, giving never an inch 'of ground "to'
their assailants: '
The tight raged here on the face of a loft3F
mountain, densely wooded, from the summit.
of which batteries could command our posi
tion on :Cemetery Hill. It was evidently
with a view of gaining this position that the
enemy made the assault. .For this purpose
Hill a Corps'„, that had fought on the left on
the previous ; day, was brought 'around to re
inforce Early, and - as - the schema was devel
opedit appeared that the'arly attack. on the
letvon,.: intended -merely as a diversion ;to
cover - this movement. From a distance the
progress of, the fight could be observed by
the curling -smoke rising above the Woods,
markinglheline of the fierce contest.
In this 'ging& our rcseried , artillery Was
brought into play, and did 'most excellent
service from impromptu positions on the el
evated points back of Cemetery Hill, shell
ing the face of the mountain where•the ene
my were supposed to be. This reserve fire
at shell, added to the steady rind unflinching
ardor- of the glorious -Twelfth corps,
rnately checked the vastly superior foree.lof
the enemy, who for an hour or two had, been
gradually. advancing. At the critical junc
ture, about 'eleven o'clock in the forenoqn,
one or two brigades of New York troops;
supposed to be militia -from Pennsylvania,'
arrived, and' were immediately thrown into
position to reinforce the•right -wing which
waslheing so badly, ressed. This aListaKce
determined tbefato of the day.- The enemy
quailed before it; and soon-the curling smoke
that-marked the lino Of the contest began to
rfecede, surely indicating that the , enemy
Were falling "hack; but if they gave away ';at
all' it was but slowly
,fighting at every step; '1
and thus the battleraged- for hours, and Un- I
tit afternoon, when the - enemy:abandoned' 1
the, field_in that direction. - But - they did-mati
yet yield the day. For a period_
seemed-to be suspended; :hut the suspensiOn
was very brief., .r
The rebel columns Seemed to` f e Massed
if , by'inagic, and 'Within 'an iroitr their ivlidle
Airco was, „massed directly, in our.front;: - and
once more, the 'tierce and deadly contest open -7
ad. This time it, was an assault along the
r'entire last resort, the - forlorn liope,of
the enemy. , They were weakened in - nuto4 ,
hers and-dispirited-end titterlydehiaralized;
yet, Lee had a reputation: to sa' and -a narlre
to, mike, and it any saerifico.of life hoecera,-
ed'bound to win the-day;.but Ze strove•Pa
vain. The lirlion troops were fighting at
-home and among - their own They
foughtlike heroes, and, inspirited by sticeets;
'they had no thought of defeat.. - =-They could
have withstood three times theforce,tlie on- ,
emy hurled, against, them. , was tak,-TPI T
for them- to, drive•back - .the, can - inns -or - e
raids, and ao'thoY - did - driveibeartbak,4d
at fivO , Velock,!after more thandtvielve hours ,
constant- fight - ings, the'. card:est ;terminated,
'the national, troops. victorious" at, every poirit f
ienct*aring oditi6ottle *apt
• Time Man:into ;111 nyoo7l tbeidetails .of
this brilliant and •epouslattle; It .would
be inter&ting-. s ufilhow 'On took MottS- -
'ands,pit thousands pfirisoners, how the One
-My were'Shingliterm how our men felt by
thousands, lieroicaqcfen4ing their nation
al emblem;litit - two ill:it:Fe deferred: the
day i 3 bure,' l the 'cid& min; the country is:
saved. • , -
' At the -dose Of the rtiort Genetal Leetacr
the iiiipudence to sentin a ila r g of truce
ing ##rr suspension, or btilities, • to give him.
tim4 for the burial oftge: dead : and 1m ex
charige-Of.prisoners. meadg replied
- that he intended to Pe4dU7 • all thsrprison
efB the' 671:Elit:y had faits, niaih7!s would
bury' , theii; dead. for ?-104. Failing irothis
-attempt to gain :time, nd badli worstndlat
all hands, the rebels , no'oter: recourse
but .to avail themselvel. , f the fast aP,Proaoh-:
. frig night to fall back tithe mountains. So
precipitate was their rereat last night that,:
their guards and sentinis in town were not'
r relieved, and werecaptii'd.
This I?ioTiling • upwardi of eleven bundred
itragglers were taken inett3lburg , beSides'
'our wounded, Who had Olen into theene
-thys: hande on Wednesdy. early 'daY
break General* Pleasant& , AB l 3 . startedm
pursuit of the rebels Vdttliis artillery . ; and
at last accounti Witt presssg them• hard, •
• ' The summary' of this 'tittle it would be
difficult 'to give' at this; ime: Both asicbes
haVe lost heavily. The' clintry' about! Get. ;
tysburg is crowded 'With:winded ine4 tvL:,
ery house and barn is
in the , aggregate, of both stories it least 44 , I
000 men ' have been plac t iaawrs de, cornkizt.
The apportionment of thiibss
ably be, twenty thowiand s lnien'and thirty
•thousand 'rebels. - In; addion to this,' toe
have captyred from twelve tOisenty thousand
prisoners, which is snore than quddiuple
what they 'have tahen from Is. including our
wounded whIS fell into their hands on. ,Wed,
-nesday,'' ance who wire ricatUred - bilics in
,Gettysburg.this morning: • • '
it is. exceedingly doubtfulif- ive,haire • ta
ken either Longstreet or as reported,
'thOugh the repore_is based thou statements
of rebeli prisoners. 'Other tiports say that'
Longstreet is:badly wounded,snd Mine say_
that he is dead. ' r • . ••.
• - TUB OPENING PERT.' i • •
t • FIRST AII.3IYOORPS,
GDTTYSIVETRG, Pa., Jlulyl-12 T.
,We left camp this morning ir this place,
and before we teaeitcd the heioS: overlook
ing.the town we heard the gun, which told
us that Buford's caValry and hivitzers were
skirmishing with - the enemy's tavance;about
three -miles to „the westward 4' the town,
Our information is7that'the entily is there
in force, 'with the prospect of a shy') engage:.
went, if 1101 a decisive battle. '
... . -
CONIKUPTICA'gIaIi 'CUT O 7
- I came directly town. hping.t6 be
able to despatch.letters or raessagi,but learn
that g few days since the railway as torn up
and bridges burned 'by the reb6, - and'the
telegraph,poleseut down for - soinenilea:
no mails-leave to-day we shall belbliged to
send couriers to the nearesttplegrap station
The First and gleventho corps hs'e got in
to position -end i.he firing Ams ceasti for the
moment. ' 6 - -
VIE FIRST CORPS 'VNGAGEtt
I have just returned from the from There
has been some of the most gallant tgliting
1?y our boys ever linown to warrior. 'Gen.
J -Wadsworth's division, the fin Of the
First corps, was the first engaged, ad Sol.
Meredith•S, old "iron." brigade was' to. first
-to get intoaction. - The boys walk} into
the fight just as they Would, into a larvest
field, and mowed down the enemy lik;orass.
CAPTURE OP ARODER'S nnroArtk—s4tt or
r: They have capturej the famous Ligit Brig
gado of the rebel army, commanded htGen:
Archer, a native of Maryland, Who
prisoner, but they have lOst their'firorite
commander, Major General' John 'F.ltey
nolds, who was killed ap the commenmient
of the action. As -you will - get all the par
ticulars of,his death and career by \ telegt4ph,
I will 'not elaborate`upon =them here tore
than to sag' that his troops
. had /every ea&
dence in him and will revere bis•loss., •
HI;ADQI.FARTE:II9, iuly 1-6. F. •
TUE RE1174.8 ATTAdV. US -- TaY , Ft% T
( ENCIAQ.ED,, ,
In'the brilliant little action - mentioned m
my previous letter, our troops were `Victo;l
ousi having driven the enemy from : their
si den. They were resting, on their arms when
abOnt' two o'clock 'the .enemy, A. F. Hill's
corps, - having
,been reinforced by portion of
(formerly Stonewall Jackson's) corps'
Made an: attack on our lines. The whole of
the First..corps was now fiercely engaged,
General ji t obinson. commandink the Second
division and Gen. Rowley the Third. The.
enemy massed his Whole force first upon our
right, then upon centre; and lastly upon our
left, and the iron hail and missiles fell upOrt
us in unparalleled fury..' Our boys never
winced or flinched,. It seems that •the vete•
raps of the First corps ,consider fighting one
of their. regular exercises. .
TUE' :FIRST aniP.9 i'ALLS BACK.
After two hours of -unprecedented fighting
against • a force' of four times - our • numbers,
and terrible loise - s, we were obliged to ran
back upen the town, and thronzii it to .the
hOghts, on the southern and, east On side,
leaving our dead on the field and our Wound
ed, both there and iri the town hoTitals,'WhO
were unable to walk in the hands of th.d en
emy. \ 9,nr, ambulance train-was not yet
• -- '
POSITION ANDTzdar OS:2'4E BATTLE !
The bahle of Gettsburg ! I am told that it,
cotnmenccd on - the first of_JulY,a mile north.
of the town, between two weak brigades of
infantry and some doemed• artillery, and the
whole force of tbe:rebel army. Among
other - costs of -this error was the death of,
IleYnolds. Its Vahie was priceless, however,
thoukkiir:celess wasithe young and the old
blood watt which it'was bought. • The error
put us' on_ the defensive, and gave, us the
choice of position, from the moment that Our
artillery and infantry rolled bark through
the main street 'of ,GettYsburg and rolled out
of the town to the circle of, eminences South
"of it: :We were nof to attack - hut -to be tit
-taCked..- The -risks, the' difliciilties and • the
disadvantages pf •t4cOmirjg.,bitttlift were the
enemy's. :Ours were the heights , for, artil
lery; ours the Short;insidc lines for:manesu
vering.litiniliefifercing; 'mire 'the eoVer of
stonewalls, a fences;' and -thel 'crests of 'MM.
The.ground upon _which we Were driven to
accept 'Wade, was wonderfully . , faVorable to
us. -• &proper, description of, it would be to
'say,tbat'it in form an elongated and
some*hatlhaipeited horseshoe, with the toe
to Gerityshingliiiilthe heel to the.sonth.
Lee's pleu of battle ..was simple.. Ho
massed his troops , upon the 'east side of this'
shoe of position , and . Atindered on it obsti-_
;stay to break it: The shelling of our ,hat-
Aeries from the` nearest overlooknig'hill, and
diem/flinching courage - and •coinpletediseip-,
,of the Army of the Potomac' repelled;
_the at mek. It was: reneWed, at the point'
of the, shoe—reticlie4 desperately_ at .the
soutli*6t heell-renewed nthe - western side,
'with an 'effort :conseerated sueeiss by gw
eli's narneit-nathg; and on' which: the fate. 'of
the invasion -,of, Pennsylvania, was; fully, put
- :Only per infantry, and nuPet
eXtillezi —.''' l Pratad in ,the } " 3,43 ,ebarge3 of
hostile r i gado. coul d 1 . 0 41 y -have sustained
this sessait. rianeock . si os aid' sustain it,
end, has covered itself wit/ 1131111 ° 1131 bortors,
hyirs eonitancy and 00 28 - n'e,toUd
Vretit -- nf. C sh ticoS ba l
us i ~.„ of 'its
meuund horses Cowen stiff .3ernrtr
velionwoutskead uPorti vtito, of
dead soldiers and dead i ad sol
diers in blue, And dead a --*re
muvellaus to me than i re ever
seen i'll war . 7 aro • iv gha, ng tes
timonV,to th e
- terriblet lig , - .0.0110,
hat none wilt gair th y: t i, hat corps will ever
have thellistinction of brtking the pride 0 1
power Orthe rebel :iiwaiiia• : ''
' • T 11.7. IMO= dmatGE . -- - '
' Then there was a lull,hid we knew that
the rebel infantry Was chtging. Ahd spreit
-411-Ylo4i: did., this worl- - 0 0 • hig t hCst and
,severest test of the stki i , that soldiers are
made of; Hill's divisiot in 'line of blittle,'
Came'-first, on the doubl-euick,Abell'mug:
Kets at the "right-shouter-shift."_L9he
"itreee's Came as the ittiatyrt, attlill usual dia.."
tanee, with' war,. e ri es yri, a savage insolence
as, yet untutored by def - , Thrushed inl
perfect 'order 'aeross - the Oen tiel ,- up to the
very *of the gun, which tore' limes
-throiigh them,as they clue; But they met
inenovho were their &teals in -spirit, and
'their; superiors in tenatitv.' -There .zevet
'..was : better fighting . since Therreepylas.• than
' was done yesterday by car infantry,aikdar,-
tiflerY.' ' The rebels werioVer Oar defenees.
They had cleaned cannoniere and horses from
(lie of the guns, and
to use upon us. The haymet drove their
,' Bin so hard•pressa• dwas7this brave
infantry that at, one time, film .the oxlips
tion e their ainintirationoverliatteTY 1 ?P;7
on the -principal crest of itakek Wail' silent.
except Cowen's. His serree" of- grape and '
canister was awful.',.lt,:eabled our line;
outnumbered two to
.cue, xst to beat back,
Longstreet, and - then to earge upon him.
and take a greataurnberaf„his men, and
himselflirisoneri. Strami sight I' So' ter
rible' :was; our ~ ratsketry,ad attiller - y fire,
-that when Armsteada bi-ade was checked
in its' elierga,,and stoodTeeling, all of its
melt ;dropped ..their 'mu- is :'and crawled
on tpeir,•bands and Ica „underneath the
stream of shot, till cleie ur .troops, where 1
they Made- sigiis of - ntlering. They
passed through': our ra - searceely -noticed,
~ went down slope to the road
in the - 'ra..-'.' .
-I-, get= OF TTC?, ArTLE. ' - -''•
[Fin erndefcice of the, .1 aka ,
- , .. ,
he a Ilery fire cone ed without inter
ission for three hours,, en suddenly, haw
tan. formed under cover the anfokeof their
own - gilts; the, rebel' tro s Were Inirled a
gainst our lines -isy the; frieers • in • masses:
the very tread of whose , t'sho'oltthe decli
vity up which they ' _ with cries that
might haVe eaused•lessntless troops than
those. who awaited the 'et to ,break with
terror. Not a man _i the Federal ranks
flinched from his politic!. Net en eye turn
ed to the - right or-.left if &perch of-seeuritY,
not a hand trembled et.s . t,e, long array of out
heroes grasped' their-aautetsat 'a charge, and'
waited the order to fire; On.,and up came
the enemy, hooting, ecoiding, showing their
very teeth in the veep of their rage. until
within thirty yards ce iar cannon,' As the,
turbulent-mass of grty !tnifornas, of, flashing:
bayonefland gleamitig ryes, lifted itself in
Mast leap forward timit to the mouths of
our g uns,. a volley efshes, shell; shrapnel and
bullets Went crashinitirough it, leaving. it
as a scythe, Its ovdielelining onward rush'
was in tee next instill timed- to the hesita--,
ting leap. forward a; few soldiers - more •
daredevil than the ist,the wild bounding
tpwards of more thak a tw mortally wound
ed heroes, ct,,nd,theq,kiceliiig backward surge
6f the disjoirdetirei Isidd, which eulminaz
Led in a scamper 41 n the alone that was; in
some instances, re ed by the pursuing bul
lets of our men. .1 '.
- The carnage of tin assault among the re-'
bels was so tearfulXat even Federal soldiers
who rested' on their arias triumphant, after
the foe had retreaterheyond their tire, us they
east their eyes dotiward upon the latmorarea
of death and VOUligillitminated by the sun
that shone upon t 4 slope before"them, were
seen_to shudder ant-turn sickening away. ; .
Then the rid andlAh Corps, joined in- the
fight: As the reb4s rallied for an instant,
and attempted to take • a stand; they' were;
met by sucheombiaed volleys as threateted
to'riduce their collie:ins to fragments. The
panic which ensued 'is unparalleled in any
battle hi Which the Army of the IPottinae.
has ever been engaged. , The enemy
like ewes -before a tempest. ' Their mainline`
. again recta:Rd, but -numbers, palsied by, the
horror end, tumult, f ellairu their, : knees, up
on their hreasts, upon their-istees, shrieltiag, j
and lifting up.elaved hands is - e. token of cur -` I
render and appeal for mercy. General Tick
Garnett's brigade turrendered almost" entire,
InitGartkeit filmset', by the aid of two of his
men, succeeded, trough wounded, iremaking
his escape. tionetreet; who,:, led : -the rein ;
foreements which:tatted the rebels-to inalie
their s;econdi brierstand; :was. wounded, cap
tured, and is nevi:, prisoner, The musketry;
s ilting slotely, cello, and the discharge of ar- ,
tillery ceittinued6r a brief peritid; bat even
these reverberaties died. away:,,„. • -
General Ateadivvas not deceived in anUeL . '
pating an 6 ther-Msiliuglit. Isds 'columns
were collected ad, reformed with magical
haste. Within a, hour what seemed, to ; be
his wholaibree iaskig,ain amassed dit:ectly in
our front, Who - retie. contostanc6 Inbre• open
„ed. The assaulthis time was made with a
fury even surpising that of the first. It
would seem 'as ;the entire' rebel' army had
resolved,itself la:, a gigantic-ferlorn hope,
and bore in its elective bbsom the conselots
net's that ett't nOw' inside was the last
and only one tit could. be made toward:re
trieving- the tOa t ies of than army, or, pre
venting the imitable disgrace whiehlover,
'ed,ever it. i ' 1 - -
It is said blebel prisoners taken in the
latlr part of th'engagement that this charge,
wak led by Lelin person: ' The prestige_ of
hiS name areiis presena could certainly
not have addefto its power or enthusiasm, • -
Yet the cool al gallant phelanx which, se-
Cure in its posrea and coailiknt in -its leaden;
waited iith 9ence only broken by the pc- .
casional roar (artillery the apprthelf df the
foe, andvievil it.OeithillYaliel:,:metit as.
unfalteringlyti before. Back; sta:eastlyces-a
girl huila thdCuttlectele, did th'e' soldiers `of
our. gallant tray hurl into chaotic retreat
the--hosts t 1
,cameon „and on, over. the
stones and d' es' over the bodies 'of fallen
conarada' s ,'pllgiis ; dead in heaps tend ' ma
king the soil
it trod ghastly and
lrer Which .
alive with et ,gong wounded._ '
THE FIE b AFTER, THE BATTLE. .
[limn til e o:Atio!tderias of tie Timm.]
Rebel - a#[lo.3 withwhotic I have conversed
frankly, adat that the result of the. last ewe
s has heft most disastrous to theircause,
which (l o oted, they say; upon' the 'success
of Itee'ti - s atpt, to, transfer ; the. ; eat of war
; from Vita.tiattithe Northern Border States. .
',A . won nreipabel abloliel toldine that; - In the” '
.'first, ;and sOrka day'-e.:Aght, the rebel, 16sses
werabeth t i ten and eleven thousand. _Yes-, •
terdaY, Aetwere gretter still. In one part .
a-00-11: Zeldin- will:lace nottaore than twenty
feet. in • o.inumforandi„.in 0311.6ral
kitibbi6ti'' &Vigo% ,1-co.untO seven :4641.
bets, three• of whom Were 'Ol4 o' top. of
each hiller." Ara - ctoSe by, in )
a a Or'tio,t.
more than- lifteqa "feet= sire; la fifteeri '
.."graybacloi,”-stretched - in. death. t These '
were the turn wbosr in the,
face of, the horiibill lltreitrn" of cardstir,'shell, :
and mushetry,l3cilled the fence wallK t ql l eir
'atterirpt; • ripow ear 1 hatteri. .VT-eig 'large '
.numbers or w eundlldwere alio strewarllwrid,
not to mention more , who had craw ed away
or been taken
Mimi.' or !kid in front of
,the stone ~watt' was literally no'r'al Nit4- ,. '
dead, and, wounded, a large, pro ten.. 4f
whore were - rebels. • Wilde: our ffiusketev
and 'artillery took - effect they lay infatfrith;
'as if morrn down by a sel:the. -This ) , field
presented 'alaonrible sight-- I such ft,s,Y is' Tnivei
-yet--• been"' witnessed dUring, the Art r:' Not
less--tlplla one Aliens:Aid ,dead and, ;wounded,
lair, t in a,space of Gas than four orlc-9 in ex-
tel '. and 'that, too, afte r ininikriii., i c . r i n owei -
away to pluses of: shelter. ± \ i. :; , ; ,
i ' •
• b ,- • pp.:, - isroisTr.v..N.nr.4. r.nsMiTta,- •,-. . '
have always fought. well, 1 They tilpugiti. toy .
- dify More than well. Defending til) stare llf••
then nativity not only inspired theta -tin with •
extra courage, but many irked in. Augsbing
and iiiniut here, arta with them it, ,
in reality for their bearibs art ~ -.- 1 4 0 11 ,,,,„
Over, the- heticis of their helpless divrs and
childr.in were . passing murderous.. ells of the
rebel invaders: At any moment.t ese llifelis
might fall info,their midst,-_ . .iiirryi g horror
and death in, their track. '', IS it tq be won
tidied at 'that they climbed in, fhb main - air' •
they did 'the rugged ascent of. , k' Ell I-- •
lhat_they.showed poleur of the r ie.l4- 7 that
i they drove the enerav from the li and kept
them at bay? Anti they; did k them' at
bay; and, by aid of :tWO, batteries ihinted Oa .
the sumniit ef the hill are; still doitig so;
,Thereeord of the 8d iCtirps shot n'turiber.;
lessichief officers sacrificed. in OM fierce cu..;
counter, witnessing- the j desper4ion -with,
Which it wits ffitight. '''Out of thialittl:e Cc:refl. , -,
nearly 8,000 men were placed 1w de conibat
in this short engageinent.i. -
The 'gallant' Birney was tWicii'-striteliby
the bullets ,of., the enemy, theughapfdly but
sltlyiijured.. It. is lout prd er,to men;,
on that this single action saved iii - the'aitya
• ,‘" ' 'NA.
HANCOCK'S 'LOI.t. ' ''': '' s '.•
From the Corresporulenc of the Amegit' i -.) U _
.At 2. o'clock, . P. 3il, jon Friday, Long- .
street's•Whoki Carps advanced frekri the rebel
centre' against our centre/ The 41eing'ii -for - -
cts were hurled upenour,positioniby colum
in mass, - and 'alsoc,rin lines of battle: • Oit*N
centre:was held by Gen.il-lanci4, With the
'noble old. tia, Army Corps, alai:4y General.
Doubh,dav's division of the Ist Corps. . .
- The-rebels first; Opel - 4
n . ! kternile artillery"•
bombardment, to • demoralize 0,4? men,' ap-4
then moVed . their forces With great impetuosi,
ity upon our position. • Hancocitoceivedtho"
attack witirgreat firmness, and' fter a furi-.:
oils battle, lasti,ng,until five u'clook, the clic-.
my' were driven from' the field, f,eirgatreet i o
Corps being almost annihilated. i , '
_ The battle was a - most,' magnifitent rt.;peetsi
cie. It wt's fought on an open plan just
south of Gettysbing, -With not `lures to in-'
1 terrupt the view., The couragq Of- ortr,rien
was perfectly sublime. , • .i„ -
• At 5'P. M.i what was left clf the enemy
retreated itnutter ,Confu.sion, lonving dozens
of:flags, and. Gen. Hancock .4th - tutted, at
least live thousand killed luid wohnded on the
field- -- - . ,
The battle Was foughtsby Qpitralilaneock
with splendid valor. He won' Jmperieliable
benof,•ancVGert. Meade thanke hint in' -the
name,of the army and - the (Joan ry.• .He was
wounded in the thigh, -but rem plod on the'
field. ' --
,HEAn-euArivais ARMY OF TIIFrOTOI . 4_4(.',
July 3d, 8.30, lit.A.F. GET7YSIST:IV.-4-TO 7MINi. _
[ Gen. lialleek,• ~ Commander-in;Cidef,—, Tile
enemy opened, at 1 r: AL from, about 'lsl.l''
gunaeonllentratlld upon illy leftleentre, .corn,
tuining'without intermission for three
hours,.at the llardration of Whiqb time he as
saulted my left , centre twice, ibeing, , upon'
`both 'occasions, handsomely reptdsed withso
vere loss' to him, leaving - in 'our. ;ends nearly -
8000 prisoners, among them AG
misteud and many
„Colonels anti,' officers ttf.
legsfq. note. •
. The enemy left many dead iioonthe ':ffild;
and a large number. of woopided fin our,
hands. •-• ': '- ' , ' . - 1 -._
The loss upon our-side has 4m:consider::
able. - Major GeneraHlancoek iind Brigadiir
General Gibbon Were 'rounded;
~ . „
. "After the repellingof'the astault, indica
tions leading to belief that theionemy might
be - withdrawing, an .armed ibcounbissata.v
was`pashatorivard from-the lieft; 'and' the
enemy found to be.in force.- - t_ •,
At' the . ..present hour.all is quiet. , :
•My cayalrhave been engliA,Ad . all dy on
both' tanks.,of;,t,he opeto,y, "i4trii..ssitig ai)a.
Irigorou?ilyAttsteling Jiim with i great success,
notwitliatanaing • they - pileounterll& suPerito -.
nurithe - rai bath of-cavalry and Infantry.--,...
Therirrily,is. in fine spi . r l its,; 4 -, ,
- * (Signed) '•.:-• GL'orto - 8 - G-, Mn.s.rnr., ,
Major General Connnauding. ,
STILL LATEBI ,;- -,., ,'. - - -
1 OFFICIAL DEAPATFT4.: ''ILONI Gi'li...s.l.E#DX: r -
. I *. s.siii - saroN, July r-8 P.'41.,--The two,
following• despatches' have beeii inceised:—
jIL'AIPQUART.ERS ARMIt.OF IIIffi,PSEFO3II6O,
Neon, July 4:1863:—T0 Majof Genoral Hal- .
ieek;'Gmeriif-in-Chief.--Tlio )siti : oh: Of - :if= ':
tait,s is not. materially - chimge ineelny ',lasi '
despatch, dated 7A. .3i: 'We ow hold. Get-: =
ty'sburg. ' The eneni3 has - abandoned large
numbers of- his killed and: woiinded ' on' the'
field : • , r-; .-,1 :c, : : r*
' 1 shalt iiiohaldr bc akle to g tvo you a ,re- •
tuft' of our captures and 16;sesihefore night, '
and a return the enenny'S,L - illed and wut.114.;
ded in our bands.
' Gnottat G:MEAnE,'..II4Or Onnerf;i.li'
.13F,A.0-QtrAft,TEMi, Awn OS
10 P. .11.; July 4.—To ,MajoflGonerur-1:10 7 ,
loolc,'Geubril-in-Chief:::—No - chaugo of afralis
singe ray:last - despatch of , 12,
THE LATEST UNCIAL', DEzisTATOII
„ -, • FROMGEN, MEADE, ~ • r , •,_*,
Lee Sne(iiis Amecy iti the Aiihti-Our cariztry
iti Parsuit-L-Over. l'itentY Ba#lle'.planittapv •
t ' IiZAD-CITIMITERS iiitiir - Or *ErekJiTOM.A.g, .
• July 5, $.BO A. M.-'--To Majori Genenil Efal 2
!•leek:-Thu enemy retired under cover otthe'l
,night and heavy main, in th direetion,,of
Pilittleld and Cashto*n. -1/1Y fia ki, , ,lrf is 'in
pursuit, . •- - ''-: --- ' t - 'i' •e' ...:.-• ~
1 eannotgivnlng the detaVs of our - gnp4 ,
tures of 'prisoneri,.colors and arms. . . -
- Up'w'ards of twenty battle M4'loll'lo' '
-turned introm,our camps. 1•_.• : •.- -s. i
I My wounded apt :those - of 1,,e enemy
'in but hands: ' ', -
G. i . Gt - 3iiiinx, :-
• - .
,• ~• !..:::_,.. , „: ,: ,/ MrOnnOcneraye '...ii•
Rebel Pontoon Itriageßestrbyed....o,l*
' --. tttre'Of the 9ria*l - . ,
WASUM OTON, July 5:-I'he' • toliowirig
`desp 141 - latch has been received:-+' :• :.. „ - ,
FitEvEnithi;, July '48 , , 1 - ,P. s. M...--T0
Gen; Eirdleek;lienerat-iu.Chi f::-"Ati woe- '
,dition sent out by me has just. eturned, hav
ing entirely destroyed 'the en rey's pontoon
bridge over-the • Potomac -sit '
, capturing tlut,gunid, consisting of--a lieuten.•
'ant and 13 men. ? , -, I - :-'•
W. ; U i Parien, Alqoi deniirsh - -