Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, August 29, 1866, Image 1

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BY S. J. B07.
VOL; 12. NO. 52.
fTALTEE BARRKTT, Attorney at Law, Clear-
4 V field, Pa. ' - 7 a JOOJ-
' . vrr RROTHERS'Demter In Square A Sawed
I Lnmber. Ir Goods, Groceries, Flour, Grain,
),. Barnaida Pa., , . P- m63-
i iREDERtCJC LEITZINGEK, Manufacturer of
'A Miolieited wholesale or retail.. . Jan. 1, 18t3
. .nnriiTJ W AI.T.ACK. AttorneTatLaw. Clear
I I. iald. Pa. Office in Shaw'a new row. Market
lMt,oppoite Nangle'a jewelry etore Ma.y M.
'. v Kirar.K.Witek and Cloak Maker, and
J I dealer in Watehea, Jewelry, e. Boom in
I; ah'am'i row, Market atreet. Nov. 10. "
If BrCDER SWOOPE, Attorney at Law. Clear
I field, Pa. Offiet in Graham's Bow, fonrdoo 8
w rt of Oriham A Boynton'a store. Nor. 19. ;
J P. KRATZER. Dealer in Dry-Goods7 Clothing,
Hardware Qucensware,' Groceries. ' Provi
a Bi, etc . Market Street, nearly opposite the
C artHooJe; Clearfield, P.. . June 185.
. aBTSWICK 4 IRWIN,' Dealers in Drugs,
1 1 M4'cinei. Paints. Otis. Stationary, Perfumer
! incT floods, Notions, etc., etc., Market street.
wfiU. P. . . Dee. 6, 1365.
t KRATZER A SOS,,"dealers in Dry Goods,
I i Clothi"1- Hardare Qaeensware, Groce
. 'iW.ions. Ao.. Front Street, (above the A
-I I T 1 LLI AM F. IK W fN. Marketstmt, ClearBcld,
IV Pa Dealer in Fo.'eisn and Doroeshc Mer-
Nor ID.
fi illy articles generally.
-- OlIN GUELICH. Manufacturer of all kinds of
t Cabinet-ware, Market street Clearfield, 1 a.
l'e aisomakes to order Coffins, on short nonce, ana
l tends funerals with a hearse. AprlO, $9.
)tt, H.WOODS, Pbicticiso Pbtsiciak, and
I J '- Examining Surgeon for Pensions.
( ffioe, South-west corner of Second and Cherry
i trv k Clearfield, Pa."; ' January 21, 1863.
I ilHOMAS J. M CULLOUGn. Attorney at Law
1 Clearfield. Pa. , Offioe, east of the -Clearfield
o Hank. " Deeds and other legal instruments pre
fared with promptness and accuracy. . July A.
1 B M'ENALLT. Attorney at Law, Clearfield
J . Pa. . Practices in Clearfield and adjoining
twenties. Office in new brick building of J. noyn-
t ti, 2d street, one door south of f-anicb s Hotel
RtCnARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do
mestie Dry Goods. Groceries,' Flour, Bacon,
Liquors. Ac. ' Room, on Market street, a few doors
went at Jaurna.1 OKre. Clearfield. Pa. ' ' Apr27.
"PvtNTISTRT. J. P. CORXETT.Dentist, offer
It his professional services to' the citixena of
Carwensville and vicinity. Offioe in Drug Store,
eemer Main and Thompson Streets.
May 2d 1868. ' ; " - '
T ELAKE WALTERS, Scriviner and Convey-
f) . sneer, and Agent for the purchase and sale
of Lands. Clearfield. Pa. ' Prompt attention giv
n to all business connected with the county offi
cii Office with W . A Wallace. Jan J.
1 ALBERT A BRO'S, Dealers in Dry Goods,
Vf. Groceries, Hardware. Queensware. Flour,
Bieon. etc , Woodland. Clearfield county .Penn a
Alto, extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum-
br, shingles, and square timber. Orders solici
M. fi Woodland, Aug. 19th. 1863.
at Law. Clearfield, Pa Legal business of
all kinds promptly and accurately attended to.
Clearfield, Pa - May ICth, 18f6.
1 IU(I WaLTlRS rX' ' rRANK risxPtsGr
DR J. P. BUBCHFIELD Late Surgeon of the
83d Reg't Penn'a Vols., having returned
from the army, offers bis professional services to
the citizens of Clearfield and - vicinity.! ' Profes
inl calls promptly nttrndsd to. Office on
Sontb-East corner of 3d and Market Streot
Oct. 4. 1S85 6mp.- H-. -;, .- ; -
Baving leased and refitted the above hotel, he
w now ready to accommodate the travelling pub
He His bar contain the choicest brands of liq
aors, He solicits a Share of public patronage.
July Uth, 186. ... ., - , , . . .
C O T X , D3C O XT S B ,
?his house having been refitted and elegantly
furnished. Is now epen for the reception and n
ttrtainmest of guests, ' The proprietors by long
experience in hotel keeping, feel confident they
n satisfy a discriminating public Their bar is
applied with the ehoioest brands of liquors and
- July 4th, 1866.
' AND JOBBING. " " '
HIT CASH ruiTAirniHtiirmnn.
Subscription, in advance, 1 year, : :
A4ia'r and Ex'rs notices, each. times, ,
Aaditor's notices, each, , .-- . .''
Caations and Estraya, each. 3 times, "' .-'
dissolution notices, each, $ times, ,
Transient Advertising, per square of 10 ,
lines, or less 3 times, or less,
Tor each, subseeaent insertion, 3
vOeial Advertising, for each square of 10
lines, or lesaS times, or less, :
For each subsequent insertion,
Professional A business eards, 5 lines, 1 y.
eal notices, per line, I time,
Obituary notices, over 5 lines, per line, !
S2 00
2 50
2 50
Advertising, 2 months. 3 months. 6 mo s.
One square, (10 lines) S.oO
Two sonares. ' , - i .,- 4.50
S4.00- 5 5.00
: 6.00 8.00
' 8,00 10.00
10,00 12,00
: : 8 00
Three squares, . . 6,00 y-,
Four squares, . ' "8.00
Tearly Advertising-, one square,
early Advertising, two so: li ares.
13 00
15 00
20 00
25 00
35 Ml
(arly Advertising, threeaqeares,
i'A'j Advertising, one-fourth col
Tsarly Advertising, one-third colnmn, t i
i early Advertising, one-half column. '
t?r'y Advertising, one colnmn. 60 00
Abe above rates apjly.only to advertisements
tap pUin.. -Advertisements set in large type,
t with eat, or out of plain style, will be eharg
4 doable the above rates for space occupied, f
S-MksagUqaire,. , :J(4 2 50
o, 3 qires,er quire, i. ; :., 2 00
nM. qeires, per jairv ;. ; . : f ; 1 75
'nts. over 6 quires, per quire, i i : ; v., I 50
Hdbilla, eighth sheet. 25 or less, 1 50
"'. fourth sheet, 25 r. s.cv 2 50
- half eheet 25 -' " M
- ' " ' wholesheet. - 25-
r M f each ef above , at prep ertioaste rateat
SEWING; MACHINES. Persons desirous
of having a superior Mahine, should buy j
neeier wuson e sample Machinea on nana.
Clearfield, Feb. 23,46. HiV. N AUULE. Ag't.
- 1 ? tt r- r-r- '
. Citron, Englisl) Currabts. Ess. Coffee, and
Vinegar ot the best quality, for sale by
Jan. 10. . . ; a ABl'SWrCK A IRWIN.
DR.'T. B METt. Surgeon Dentist, Glen Hope,
Clearfield eounty.Pa. Teeth put np on gold,
.silver, and vulcanite base. Fe.1 1 setts from five to
twenty-five dollars. . Warranted equal to any in
the 6tatet - May 30th. XaOS.
PA:--The-Bnbscriber-bavl'ngpnrcha8ed the
furniture and interest from H. H. Morrow, in said
House, is now prepared for the reception of tran
eient and permanent boarders. Every depart
ment connected with his establishment will be
conducted second to none in the county. He res
pefltfully solicits a share of pu'olic patronage.
. July lllSBO-y-. GE'JN. COLBLKN
FOR SALE. The subscriber offers
I for si'e his
property site ate on Potts Run,
Jordan townsu.'p. consisting ot izi acres ot land
16 of. which are cifared.-.- 'iLere are several good
veins of eoal on the pi?e, anil an - excellent wa
ter power which, if suitoiy unprovea, wouia
drive a saw or grist mill most pf the year. Will
be sold cheap for cash. . T UDDLE, .
March Zt, I aim tf. Ulearrield porongo.
scriber is manufacturing s.t the West Branch
Iron Works, in Williamsnort, the best and most
durable Machine for making 2-1 and 18 inch shin
gles ever nsed in this country, also the EMPIRE
JIAllllSb, wbicb wtll cut 18 inch shingles much
faster, smoother and more f.'on the same timber,
tban any machine in use ; alsi the best Saw Sett
Mill Dogs for Gate and Malay Mills, ever used in
this section. . A.T.NICHOLS.
Williomsport. Pa , May 5, 1866.-6m.
J A(iR HOfK I VDI'STRY : Ttia nni,-sirnl
fearing established a Nursery, on the Pike, about
nait way between Curwensville and Clearfield
Boroughs, is prepared to furnitb all kindsof Fruit
trees, (Standard and dwarf J Evergreen . "Shrub
oery,urape ines, oosenerry, tiawton Black
berry. Strawberry and Uaspbeiry vinee. Also.
Sibrian Crb trees. Quince and early Scarlet Rheu-
ac, urders promptly attended to. Address
Ang 31,1864 , J, D. WRIGHT, Curwensville,
Pbilipsblrg. Cestrb Co., Pa.
Bills of Exchange, Notesand Drafts discounted.
Deposits received.' Collections made and pre
eeeds promptly remitted. Exchange on the Cities
constantly on band. J he above .banking House
is now open and ready for business. ;
Pbilipsburg, Centre Co., Pa., Sept ' 6, 1835.
C. L. REED. . :' '
Having resumed the manufacture of chairs, at his
shop located on the let in therear ot his residence
on Market street, and a short dist ince west of the
foundry,, is prepared to accommodate his old
friends, and all others who may favor him with a
call, with every description oi Windsor chairs.
He has a good assortment on hand, to which he
directs the attention of purchasers.. They are
made of the very best material, well painted, and
finished in a workmanlike manner., and will be
sold at prices to suit the times , Examine them
before purchasing elsewhere.
Ulearneld, fa., March 23. 1365
HA HPT ft CO., at Milesburg. Pa , continue
to furnish castings of every description at
short notice. They have tbe best assortment of
patterns in the country for steam and water-mills
of every description. All kinds of machine and
plow castings furnished, riew n orld and ilatna
way cook stoves always on hand.' . They make 4
borse sweep-power threshing machines, with sha
ker and 50 feet of strap for $160 and 2-horse
tread-power machines, with shaker and 30 feet
of strap for $175. Warranted to give satisfaction
in threshing, and kept good to thresh one crop,
free of charge. r June 23, 1863-y.
Isaac Haipt at Eellefonte continues to take
risks for insurance in any good stock company in
the State. Also in New York ; the Royal and Et
na at Hartford; and the Liverpool and London,'
capital $6.000 000. '-, ' '.,
The subscribers have entered into co-partner
ship, and are trading under the name of Irvln,
IJaily A. Co.. in lumber and merchandise, at toe
old stand of Ellis Irvin A Son.; at the meuth of
Lick Run. They would inform their friends, and
the world in general, that they are prepared to
furnish to order all kinds of sawed or hewn lum
ber, and solicit bills, for either home - or eastern
They would also announce that they have just
l'1 -A JNHiW ZSTOUK. ; - r
of well selected goods, suitable to the season, con
sisting of every variety usually kept in country
stores. . Tbeir purchases have been made since
the late decline in prices, which enable them to
sell at such rates as will astonish their eustomers
One if their partners. Thomas L. Baity, resides
near Philadelphia, whose business it w be to
watch the marxets and make purohase, on the
most favorable terms. Call and see us.
i - 1 : ; :: ELLIS IRVIN,
Goshen tp.,Deo.6, T86a, LEWIS I.IRWIN, 7-.
EDUCATIONAL. The undersigned in
tends opening a school in the. Town Hall.
Clearfield, on the first Monday in June te contin
ue for a term of eleven weeks. ,. ; . .-
Thoroughness will be aimed at In all our, in
structions. . "Not how much but how well" is the
principle upon which the exercises will be con-,
ducted, - '
Particular attention paid to Penmanship and
Book-keeping. - . 'f
A daily register is kept of the' attendance, de
portment and recitations of each pnpil. which is
aeni weexiy to parents thus rurmsbing tnem
with eonstant information of his standing and
progress in school. - . - V ' . ' -"
Public exhibitions are not held at any stated
time, but parents and guardians are respectfully
invited to visit the school and observe the manner
wfcl 0 ne daUy work is performed. '; !Vi-
-. TBRMBOS'TniTrot. - ' " '
'; SP,J'' Reading, Writing, Primary Arithme
tic and Geography, . , r ., ; ... , f. 54 o
Oram mar. Geography, History, Arithmetic and
rook-keeping.,. i,: . . k. $5 00
Algebra. Philosophy, Geometry,. Mensuration
and Surveying. ..... (, .- , 0O
Lstw sua ur wiu any ot tbe above bran
ches.,.. I ! AO
-n For farther tnformetion apply to ...'.',, "
- --,. .- M C, B..SANDFORDJ ;,
May 23d, lS6i. . ; OK. Principal.',. .
COAL Whale, and Linseed OU.JFamily Dyea
.Varnish- and Paints of all kind ground! a Oil.
for sale by x t t HARTSWICK A IRWIN..
of Administration on the estate of Zenas
Leonard, late of Girard tw'p.. Clear Geld coun
ty, dee'd, having been granted to the undersign
ed, all persons having claims . against the estate
are requested to present them propeily authenti
cated for settlement, and those indebted to said
estate are requested to make paymentwitho.it
Aug. 15,1866,-pd. -Administratrix.
CJOLDIERS' BOUNTIES. A recent bill has
V.88 Houses of Congress and signed by
the President giving a three years' soldier S100
ana iwo years' soldiers Sao, bounty.-; '
Soldiers wonnded in line of duty, who did not
ejjefwo or three years.are entitled tsthe bounty.
OTBountiea and Pensions " collected by me for
iuucc ceil iiqu iu i a em . ..-.... i ..
WALTER BARRETT, Att'y at La w. ;.
Aug. 15th, 1S86. , . Clearfield, Pa
A YEAR made by any one with
?15 Stencil Tools Noexnerience
neoessary i whatever. The . Presidents. Cashiers,
ana .treasurers oi in ree banks indorse the circu
lar. Sent free with samples. Address the Amer
ican Stencil Tool Works, Springfield, Vermont.
August 1st, lS61.-3m. . '
CAUTION. All persons are hereby cautioned
against purchasing or meddling with three
horses, three set tug harness, and one two-horse
wagon, pow in the possession of Thomas Kyler
oi morris iownsttip as rue same belong to me and
have only been left with said Kyler on loan, and
."re subject to iny order at any time.
August l,18C6.-pd JACOB MOCK.
Equalizing Bonn ties has passed both Houses
and was approved by ti? President, and is now a
law. A three years' soldier ge 100 and a two
years' soldier SiO Bounties sad Pensions are
collected by me for those entitled to tbem.' A?"tS
forward your applications. ."'''' '
. j. a. MCJSJNALU, Att'y- at Law.
August 1,1866. Clearfield, Pa.
IN THE COURT of Common Pleas of Clear-
rrederick Campman 1 fiol. county;
' vs; i ' Alia mbnoenu itir.div.
Hester Campman. I No. 167 June Term. 18f8
The undersigned Commissioner appointed; in
open court lo take testimony in the above case
hereby gives notice that he will attend to the du
ties of bis appointment at bis office, in the bor
ougaof Clearfield, on Friday, the 24th day of
August. lSbb. between the hours of 10 o clock, A
M , and .1 o clock, P. M.. of said day. ' when and
where all persons interested may attend and cross
examine. W M. M. McCULLOl GIl,
August 1,1 Srlft. - - Commissioner
TIIE COURT of Common Pleas cf Clear
J. W
all ace Long 1 field county.
vs. - nitfiptitua sitr. divorce. -
Phoeba Long. A) No. 109 June Term, 1866. :.
The undersigned Commissioner, appointed in
open Court to take testimony in the above case.
ntseoy gives notice tpat be win attend to toe du
ties of his appointment, at bis office, in the bor
ough of Clearfield, on Saturday the 2otb day of
August, imn, between tbe hours of 10 o clock, A.
M , and 3 o'clock, P.-M., of said day, when and
where all persons interested may attend and cross
examine, WM M. McttLLU juli, .
August 1, 1806. Commissioner.
31 E I N D US T R Ir!
Made to Order at the Lowest Rates.
The undersigned would respectfully invite the
attention of tbe citizens of Clearfiel i and vicini
ty, to give bim a call at his shop on Market St.
nearly opposite Uartswick A Irwin's drug store.
wnere ne is prepared to make or repair any thi og
in his line.
Orders entrusted to him will be executed with
promptness, strength and neatness, and all work
warranted as represented.
I have now on hand a stock of extra french
calfskins, superb gaiter tops, Ac, that I will
finish np at the lowest figures.
June 13th, 1866. DANIEL CONNELLY
The Exercises of this Institution will be resumed
on Monday, September 10th 1866. -
Pupils can enter at any time. ' They will ' be
charged with tuition from the time they enter to
the close of the session , i-
The course of instruction embraces everything
included in a thorough,' practical and accom
plished education of both sexes.
The Principal having had the advantage. of
much experience in bis profession, assures pa
rents and guardians that his entire ability and
energies will be devoted to the mental and moral
training of the youth placed under his charge.
'-, , Terms op Tririos:
Orthography,. Reading. Writing and Primary
Arithmetic, per session, (11 weeks.) 85 00
Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, and llisto
ry - ) . 16,00
Algebra,Gvmetry, Trigonometry, Mensuration.
Surveyingr Philosophy, Physiology, Chemistry
DooK-aeeping, uoiany, ana rnysicai ueogra
phy. . ., i . . -4SUI0
Lstin and Greek, with any of the above
branches, . ; .-' $12,00
ldfr"No deduction will be made for absence
For further particulars inquire of
' ' i Rev. P. L. HARRISON, a. m.
Feb. 28, 1366. i , . Principal.
M. Act of Congress approved June 6th, 1866. gives
additional pension to tbe following class of per
sons : ; -. . i i i ,.i it
1.' To those who have lost both evea or both
ha r.ds, or are totally disabled in the same so. as
to require constant attendance, tbe sum, per
monin, or n-., i szaju
2. To those who have lost both feet,. or are to
tally disabled in the same, so as to require con
stant attendance,' S20 00
3. To those who have lost one hand or one foot,
or so disabled as to render them nnable to per
form manual labor equivalent to the loss of a
hand or foot, the sura, per month, of .:. - S15 00
4. Persons deprived of their pensions under
Act of March 3d, 1865, by reason of being in civ
il service are restored. . ; .: . , i.
5. The heirs of invalid pensioners who died af
ter application for their pension bad been filed,
and befdre the. certificate was issued,' and who
have left widows or minor children, w'.ll be enti
tled to receive arrears due at the death of the
pensioner,'! ;i;' ''' 'i
6. Pensions are extended to dependent fathers
and brothers, the same as to mothers and sisters.
In all of these cases, new applications must be
made The undersigned is prepared, with the
proper blanks, for the ''speedy procurement of
these pensions. ........
Claims for bounty and back pay. pensions, and
claims for local bounty nnder State law, promptly
eolleeted..'; i ; H.B. SWOOPE, Att'y at Law. i
Jely 11,1866,-j. Clearfield, Pk
FOR' SALE A Shifting Top Buggy.1 Ap
ply to ' ' H. W. SMITH A CO,
Cleaar field, Pa June S, 1866. i vr ' '
h ri r-r-n-7 r-n 1 r
TJALMER'S. Patent unloading bay-forks, to be
X had at'
BUSHELS of choice beans for sale by
' What They Have in View.
. It will be remembered that, after the col
lapse of the Rebellion, Presiden t Johnson.
while the Rebel States were under Provis
ional Governments, required those States to
ratify the Amendment abolishing Slavery,
to repudiate the rebel debt, to annul ordin
ances of secession,, and frame new, State
institutions. With the eiceDtion of Ten
nessee, we believe none of the State Con
Btitutions were submitted to a vote of the
the people for ratification. " It was believed
by some of our . far-seeing: statesmen that,
at 6ome future ; time, when it became their
interest to $6 so,' those States "would take
the ground that thee measures hacl been
forced upon them', that their adoption was
compulsary "an act of usurpation' and
hence that they were ' not bouud by them.'
The key-note of such a movement has al
ready been struck in , .North Carolina, by
Chief Justice Kuffin, who prolably fore
shadows what will be the course of every
Rebel State as soon as they can act for them
selves on the questions involved in their
restoration to the Un ion. Judse Ruffi n savs :
''I consider that this is no Constit.ntinnj
because your convention was not a legitimate
convention, and had no power to make a
constitution for us, or to alter that which we
Bad and have ; and that it cannot be made
a Constitution, even by popular sanction.
If itese positions be correct, it ought to be
rejected i7 the people, as the easiest, sim
plest and most', efficient method of setting
the Doint at test, and avoiding: many per
plexing and dangerous questions before the I
judiciary. . I object to the organization or
your may as a conveution, because it wa3
called without the consent of the people of
North Carolina, by the President of the li
nked States, or under his orders ; aii act of
clear and despotic usurpation, ichich could
not give tins body any authority to bind tie
State or its iihabitants. . If it be said the
President, or his satrap his Governor of a
Jrrovince did not call, or rather constitute
the convention, but the delegates were elect
ed by the people', and thereby the boiy was
auiy coubtiiuica, x aeny u airccuy ana pos
itively! ..The delegates were not the choice
of the people; for. in the proclamation call
ing it, the qualifications or the persons who
mignt pe eugioie ana inose or me persous
wno mignt voce ior tnem are strictly pre
sented in a manner variant from our fun
damental law, and excluding from each class
a targe portion some would say the best
portions or our qualified citizens. In ma
ny cases our people were not represented,
but.' in fact, were misrepresented. The acts
of such a body cannot be said to be those of
the people or tre State. .They are not enti
tled to obedience, and cannot be, or,at leant.
ought not to be, judicially recoqnized. The
whole proceed 'in q arose out of arbitrary as
sumption, overthrowing all notions of popu
lar government, and destructive of the very
Jirst principles of Republican freedom.
Mr. Johnson required a convention to
perform certain specific acts ; to annul the
ordinance of secession . and tender a return
to the Union, orclaim itscontinual existence
under the Constitution of the United States ;
to emancipate the slaves and ordain that sla
very shall never hereafter exist in thi3 State,
and to repudiate the State 'war debt ' All
these were done ; the two first promptly, and
in satisfactory terms ; and the third, at the
last moment, under subject ion and in confor
mity to orders, after having once refused to
adopt tlie measure. All was done, I say,
that was required, and' Mr. Johnson pro
claimed that he had got all he wanted ; that
we were back as a State and might choose
our representatives in Congress in conform
ity to our rights as a State,- and to our law
regulatiug elections, t Was there anything
more for that convention to do ? Were they ,
chosen for any other purpose, even by those
who were allowed to vote for members t
How dare they, then, go on to frame a con
stitution, a law for all time, whictr is to be
binding on those who elected them for other
ends, and also on that large portion of the
patriots and heroes 'unpardoned rebels'
who were not allowed to vote at all ? As
far as they safely can, and' whenever they
can, the people ought to resist that preten
sion. This they can peacefully do, when
called on and . allowed to vote ; and I trust
they will do so.on this occasion without com
motion, in support of the great principle of
human liberty that a people have tne rignt
to make their: own constitution, and not be
made subject to one; imposed on them, by
force or fraud, by any extraneous power or
by a fraction of their fellow citizens."
r:i The Doctors Puzzled. :' :
The Democrat are sorely puzzled. . They
do not know , upon what foundation their
platform rests. They have made the John
son plank movable to be shifted at pleasure
for they place no confidence in the friend
ship of their newly found friends. Men
who have deceived others in all probability
will again prove false' to those with whom
affiliate, inasmuch a it is difficult to restrain
treacherous instincts. -. The Democratic par
ty cannot with impunity spurn these men.
Their only hope for political supremacy is
in coalition- . Within themselves they are
powerless, and yet the price demanded for
this questionable aid certainly destroys, the
dream of success to their .own party.' In
joining hands. witK. the Johnson men they
sink: their own independence and take back:
seats. The more they , labor to create dis-
sention in the TTmnn Rermblican ranks,' the
doser they unite; their opposition and the
further they are away from political power..
Verilv t.Ttifl mm nf tVi TVmcwratic party IS a
critical one and, will baffle the skill of their
n tsest aootors.1 ,.s - ' r ns
Chi had added four 'vessel to: her 'navy:
Massachusetts and South Carolina. ;
Our Wigwam "politicians are felicitating
themselves extensively over the fact that the
xuassacnusetts delegation ana tne Soutn
Carolina delegation walked into the Conven
tion at its opening arm in arm. x.ven Mr,
Doolittle, with his usual profundity, thinks,
or says he does, that if that sight could only
nave been witnessed jby the people ot Mas
sachusetts, it would instantly have worked
a complete revolution in their political sen
timents. ' ' ' ' " " ' -
: ' Now, we must confess, it produces a very
pretty stage-enect to see these gentlemen
walk into the Convention in this loving and
amiable style, and it showed considerable
skill on the part of the managers to open
the performance! in bo moving a manner.
But we cannot help reminding our political
wire-puners ot the . W igwam that it is no
new thing to find a certain .class of Massa
chusetts politicians walking arm in arm with
those of South ( Carolina. It used to he
done at every Democratic Convention,' even
when South Carolina was imprisoning Mas
sachusetts seamen and mobbing her com
missioners sent to test the constitutionality
of South Carolina's laws. Heaven knows
we should be triad to see Massachusetts and
South Carolina in perfect accord, but it will
require f-ome thing more to accomplish it
.1. : iTT- -, . . -
man a lgwam promenade Detween a lot or
Massachusetts dtiughraces and feouth Caro
lina ex-Rebels. Massachusetts is not rep
resented in the Wigwam. Some men are
there who live within her , boundaries, but
the brain, the heart, the sentiment. the mor
al power of Massachusetts are not represen
ted there. Messrs. Urr and Couch may
perambulate up and down the Wigwam till
doomsday, and it will mean nothing except
a political by-play, unless the fundamental
ideas which form the structure of society in
their respective States can be brought into
living sympathy and accord. . . :
The great problem before our country for
solution is well typified by these two States,
and we wish that our Wigwam friends could
be brought to see that it can never be solved
by perambulatory performances, or spread
eagle . speeches, or convivial conferences.
The problem in our country is to do away
with the antagonism between aristocracy and
democracy, and to realize the true democrat
ic idea in the whole structure of our society.
Now look at Massachusetts and South Car
olina. - Massachusetts is a true Common
wealthi Its people stand on a perfect e
quality before the law. It is a State mod
eled after and fully realizing the true Amer
ican idea ot a State.-- South Carolina,' on
the other hand, is an oligarchy. " 1 he mi
nority rules instead of the majority. - The
masses of the people are disfranchised
Thev are subiect to taxation without renre
sentation. They are forced to obey laws
which they have no voice in making. . There
is no equality before the law. Her society
is composed o privileged classes and op
pressed classes. Her whole structure and
framework of government is vitally antago
nistic to the true American idea ot a btate.
Still more. South Carolina having just
been suppressed in a violent and long con
tinued attempt to overthrow the Lrovern
ment of the United States, iu which at
tempt she voluntarily seceded from the U-
nion ana aoanaonea ner relations to ner sis
ter States, now demands to be re-admitted,
uot upon terms of equality, but upon those
of superiority. JUIie aslcs that each of. her
voters may Itavc two and one-half times as
much power in all national affairs as a vo
ter in Massachusetts. She asks for five rep
resentatives in Congress, when her voters
only entitle her to two: In short, he de
mands that her . oligarchial lorm ot govern
ment shall give 'her voters two and a half
times the power in the nation that they are
fairly entitled to -wield. ';
Now does Mr. Doolittle suppose that an
tagonisms like these, going to the very foun
dations ot things,' can be reconciled by the
petty promenades of Messrs. Orr and Couch
on the floor of his Wigwam ? Is that the
extent of his political sagacity f Is that the
lesson he has learned from our past history?
The instinctive intelligence or the Amer
can people tells them that this antagonism
between democracy and aristocracy in ' our
country must cease. They have sacrificed
three hundred thousand lives to make it
cease. They are not . now, through politi
cal chicanery,to be defrauded of the just vic
tory they have won. The democratic re
publican idea triumphed on the battle field,
and it must triumph in the halls of legisla-
tion. Our Wigwam politicians, in the
name of peace and union and good-will,' are
in truth doing all they can to perpetuate
antagonism and discord. They would lay
up for our children, and ' perhaps for our-
selves, a repetition oi tne ternme struggle
through which we have .- just ; passed. So
intent are they on political power that they
would keep alive in the body politic ele
ment of strife and discord, which is as sure
to work out disaster and convulsion as any
physical cause is to produce its natural ct
fect. Philadelphia Telegraph.
The Moukt Saint Gothard Tunnel.
The tunnel to be made under Mount Saint
Gothard, in France, according to a Pans
journal, will be about 20 miles long, inclu
ding several coverea passages rcuuerej ue
cessary lest life should be exposed to ava
lanches.' Only four air-shafts Vill be re
quired, the deepest of which will not much
exceed' 300 yards.- The southern entrance
of the tunnel will be about 3,700 feet above
the level of the sea, and the northern' exit
very nearly the .same. . The expense of the
tunnel is estimated at about $12, 000, 000.
It is a grand under taking, and, when comple
ted, will be a 'credit ' to the enterprise of
Frances Just think of a railroad train pass
ing through, instead t)t bver-or round a
mountain, whose base is 20 miles;
fXiynngeUii Centre, beats r the SpringfieW
ornrstalk. It haVoue twelve " feet, high,
anrl still prowin!r.: 1
f , Queen Emma. A
The New Yorkers have been having a
sensation, on a small scale, - over a visit of
hr most gracious and Pacific Mi,VfV
Queen Emma, spouse in his day, t King
Kamehameha Lililiho IV, deceased, whose
brother occupies the throne ot the Sandwich
Islands.' This King was gathered to his
dusky, fathers some three years ago. Queen
Emma has just been making a friendly and
sisterly call upon Queen Victoria, where she
was royally entertained, but her real mis--sion
to England proved a failure. She went
there to enlist the sympathies of the High -Churchmen
of England, in behalf of that'
Church in the Islands. 'Under the highest'
Episcopal and aristocratic patronage,she at
teuded meetings, public and private, in all
parts of England. "The Bishop of Oxf ord
has been a Pete, the Hermit, tor' rL-oL
and here, there and everywhere," says the
London Xonconjormist, .,has enlarged on
the claim of the Sandwich Islands to the
support of the High .Churchmen." The
whole amount collected for her is but o,
000, in addition to another 5.000 toward a
t. 1 4 e a ' -
.nemonai uatnedral. As her Majesty hav
been away from her country, more than
year, her expenses must have consumed tbe
greater part or the contributions.
England has not done well for Twr mA
her inisMon.' She fell in with the vmnv
class of the English people. That is all and
we are sorry, says an English raPer, but Doc
surprised. t
The struggle now at the Island Is wrntL.
er the Roman Catholic Church, or ' the E--
piacopal extreme Jhurch, shall have con
trol of spiritual matters. . : r
The journals describe her as a han lsome,
amiable, and accomplished woman. Sh in
of dark complexion, but not black, yet not
so light as a quadroon, but not black, but
more of the Spanish cast. Her cheek honna
are high, her nose aquiline, her face, as a
whole. heavy. She has but little' style, and
nothing of the air of royalty." ;' ' '
The maiden name of this Queen Dowager
was Emma Rooke. Her father wa &
Scotchman, engaged iu trade in Honolulu.
fche was born m NewAovk, but taken in.
early life to Hawaii, where she grew up and
attracted theattention and finally secured
the love of Kauiehatneha, the royal repre
sentative of . the old Cannibal, Dynasty, tap
whom she was married, and thus raised to
be a Queen. .. . . "
- She has been a week in New York ' cityj."1
where she has been feted, admired, writ den
iip and generally entertained. The New.
lorkers know how to do these things, hav"
ing had considerable experience with royal
ty of all kinds, from the J Vmce ' of Wale
and Billy liowlegs to the Japanese Tommy
and the No-Kamis delegation. Whether
they will be more liberal in contributions to
the Church than was England, remains to
be seen. , New York is able and should give
her at least $20.000 if it likes the cause
for which Emma is laboring. ' " '
From New York she went to Washing-
ton where she was the guest of the Presi
dent, who, no doubt, entertained her with
becoming respect. . From thence she goes
to Albany, - and from thence to Mansacbu-;
setts, by invitation of Gov. Bullocr, wh
was personally acquainted with the Queen
many years ago. when she was but a girLi
She will then visit Niagara Falls, the Mam
moth Cave, Kentucky, and other places.'
including Pittsburgh. ' '
Copperhead Platform. i - 'I
That our readers may know what sort of
doctrines are held by Democrats in thia
State, we give the following from theGreen'-"
burgirK: ' ' ' .'' ' 3 -'; ' '
-''' OCR PLATFORM. ' "y
' Gives us' equality of States, or another
war, and in that war we promise not to
claim exemption. .... " . -'. j . . ,,
Give us white men to vote and white men
to govern white men.
Give us equal taxation or general repudia
tion, except the claims or soldiers, their'
widows'and orphans. -
trive us a representation ot every state in
a Constitutional Congress,-or give us the;
Abolition traitors assembled at Washington
in a mock or rump Congress, that we may'
stain the Capitol with tleir hot blood, as
they stained the earth with the! blood of
patriotic Democrats. . ,
Give us the bonds held by tbe New Eng-
land thieves and speculators off the soldiers
and manipulated legislaton, " that we may:
make bonfires of them, h r V ; ' . . i
G ives us more nerve in Democratic Ed
itors,; that they may come ' boldly Tx the
front and help to kindle the patriotic fires;,
who believe in tbe final perseverance of.
Democracy over the worjd, . the flesh , the
Yankee and the devil. ' j ; ' - i nuJ
r .' ' -.:';: r '.l
'A ragged old man was arrested at St. Jo-s
seph, Missouri, upon the charge of vagran-
cy, and upon examining his person full half
a bushel of .filthy old rags were taken from'
about his waist, and wrapped in the rags'
was concealed $1,224 50 in coin and $229 jn.
currency. , The old man declared that some,
of the coin had been in his possesion for
forty years. -,;tw .'t V. el tr.-t
.- ''I . ' nil axaa ' " I
Gold Combination. In New York a "
combination is reported to haTe been lorm
ed whose object ' is to ran gold up to two
hundred, and it is believed they could carry)
out their purpose were the Secretary to. rev
duce the amount of gold in the 'Treasury'
as suggested by certain brokers who recently
petitioned the Secretary 'of-tLa. Treasury pn
y y ; -, V- -' vHi
doe hundred and eigUy-three thousand
bushels ot eorn have besn distributedamoDj
the desitute in Georgia. , r Aboutorty thou
pnd person KCe the recipients,. ', r,h
"GbV. vPonoek;n' SuperifendentH'tK?
V.S.'Mirit has been fmovd.r-- .'tnr.rtt Hi