Newspaper Page Text
BY S. X BOW.
CLEARFIELD, PA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1866.
VOL. 12. NO 50.
TALTER BAKRKTT, Attorney at Law, Clw-
field, f a. an; i..
i BVIN BROTHERS, Deler In Squire A Sawed
I Lomber. Irj Ooodi, Groceries. Flour, Oram,
i , Ac, Barniide Pa., Sept. 23, 1383.
i FREDERICK LEITZINOER. Manufacturer of
II kindi of atone-ware, Clearfleld, Pa. Or
iriiolicited wholesale or retail. Jan. 1,1863
ROBERT J. WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear
field. Pa Office in Shaw'a new row. Market
meet, opposite Nauglo's jewelry store May 26.
T7VSAU0LE. Watcb and Clock Maker, and
1 1 in Watches. Jeweirv. so. omm m
fiiaham'i row; Market itreet.
lit . -
1 i HUC1IEK SWOOP-E.' Attorney at Law. Clear
tl fi m p Offie inOraham'a Row, fourdoo
w,rt f Graham Boynton't itore. Kov.10. .
J" KRVtlER, Dealer in Dry-Goods. Clothing,
Hardware Qaoensware, Groceries. Provi
.ionf. ete . M.rk.t Street," Be.tly opposite ' the
KIrt Hoae'rfield, P. Ja,
rTTTsWICK IRWIN, Dealers in Drugs,
1 Medicines. Paints. Oils. Stationary. Perfume-
finer Goods, -Notions, etc., Market street,
SI KHATZtri a. D".', aeaiera in ij
I , ciothin?. Hardware. Queensware. Oroce
riiProriioEi. Ae.. Front Street, (above the A
. l.y )CIa. field, Pa. Dee 27,1865.
n . .- I 1 TA flAm
117 1 LLIAM F. IRWIX,Marketstreet,C!ear6eId,
Pa., dealer in Foreign and Domestic Mer
hnli. Hardware, Queensware, Groceries, and
CtiUly articles generally. So- -
J DUN GUELICH. Manufacturer of all kinds of
CaUinet-ware, Market street. Clearfield, Pa.
11a also makes to order Coffins, on short notice, and
ath-tids funerals with a hearse. Aprl0,'o9.
OR M. WOODS. Pbacticiso Phvsicias, and
Examining Surgeon for Pensions.
I'ifice, Kouth-wet evrner of Second and Cherry
Btrei t, Clearfield, Pa. January 21. lbo3.
f piIOMAS J. M'CCLLOCGH, Attorney at Law.
I Clearfield, Pa. Office, east of the ' Clearfield
ee Hank. Deeds and other legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
JB M'ENALT,r, Attorney at Law. Clearfield,
. Pa. Practices in Clearfield and adjoining
Munties. OEee in new brick building of J. Boyn
I n, 2d street, one door south of Lanieb's Hotel.
11CUARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Forelgnand Do
IX meetio Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Bacon.
Lienors. Ae. Room, on Market street, a'few doors
weal ul Journal O ffiee. Clearfield. Pa. Apr27
DfcNTISTKY. J. P. CORNETT. Dentist, offert
his professional services to the eitixens of
Curwenrville and vicinity. Office ia Drug Store,
corner Main and Thompson Streets.
May 2d I86S.
J P.LAKE WALTEB i, Scriviner and Convey
. ancer, and Agint for trie purchase and sale
of Land. Clearfield. Pa Prompt attention giv
en tj al! buaineM cuuneuted with the county offi
't Office with W. A Wallace. Jan 3.
G ALBERT BRO S, Dealers in Dry Goods,
. Groceries, Hardware, Queensware. Flour,
Bcun. ete . Woodland. Clearfield county .Pen n 'a.
Alio, eztennive dealers in all kinds of tawed lum
ber, sbiugles, and square timber. Orders solici
ted Woodland, Aug. 19ih. 1S63.
T7ALLACE,BI(SLER A FIELDING. Attorney
V at Law. Clearfield, Pa Legal business of
all kind promptly and accurately attended to.
Clearfield. Pa.. May 10th, 1866.
WILU H X. WALLACE WILLIAM D BIOLER
i (LAKE WALTICKS PRANK MELDING.
DR J. P. BCRCHFIELD Late Surgeon of the
R3J Reg't Penn'a Vols., having returned
from the army, offers his professional services to
the citisens of Clearfield and vicinity. Profes
sions' calls promptly attrndad to. Office on
Soath-Eatr eorner of 3d and Market Streets.
Oct. 1SS5 6mp.
T A G L E HOTEL,
LEWIS W. TEX EYCK, Proprietor.
Having leased and refitted the above hotel, he
U now ready To aceaoamodate tbe travelling pub
lie His bar contain the choicent brands of liq
nort He solicits a share of publio patronage.
Julv Uth, 1865.
MAIN STREET, JOHNSTOWN, PA.
A. ROW & CO., RROPRIETORS.
This boose having been refitted and elegantly
fornUbed, is now open for tbe reception anid a
Urtninmeut of geeau. The proprietors by long
experience in bote' keeping, feel confident they
can satisfy a discriminating publio Their bar is
supplied with the choicest brands of 1 quors and
wine. Jnly 4th. 1866.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. ADVERTISING
HETCASH CASH TO ACCOMPASr ORDER.
Fabeeription. in advance, 1 year, : : : $2 00
Adro'rs and Exrs notices, each. times, 2 50
Auditor's notices, each. 2 50
Cautions and Estrays. each. 3 times, 1 SO
Dissolution notices, each, 3 times, 2 00
Transient Advertising, per square of 10
lines, or less 3 times, or less, 1 50
For each subsequent insertion, 50
DSoial Advertising, for each square of 10 .
lines, or less 3 times, or leas, 1 50
For each subsequent Insertion. 50
Vrofeasional A business eards, 5 lines, 1 J. 5 00
Local notices, per line. I time, 15
Otituary notices, over 5 lines, per line. 10
- Advertising. ... 2 months. 3 months. 6 mo's.
One square (10 lines) $ 3 00 4.00 $5.00
'Two squares. 4 50 .00 8.0
Three Kquarei, 00 8.00 lo.no
Foursquares, . . . 8.00 10,00 12.0o
Yearly Advertising, one square.: : 8 00
Yearly 'Advertising, two equares, : : 11 00
"Yaari Ai vvrtisinv. three SO UareS.. I 1 5 00
Yearly Advertising. 9B-fbnrth column, 20 00
in. niMi-third column. 2S 00
Yrarl. AitvartUinv. An-half Column.' 35 00
Tearly Advertising, one column. 60 00
The above rates apply only to advertisements
set np plain. Advertisements set in large type,
e with cuts, or out of plain style, will be charg
ed double the above rates for spaee occupied
Blanks. single quire, : : : : : t : ' 2 50
Blanks, 3 qairea, per quire, ; : : : : : - 2 00
Blanks, 6 qaires, per quire. : t .: : : - 1 75
.Blanks, over quires, per quire, : : : ; 1 50
HAndbills. eighth sheet, . 25 or lest, 1 60
" fourth sheet, 25 " 2 50
half sheet 25 " . 4 50
whole sheet. 25 8 00
wrer 35 of each of above, at proportloaaie rates.
EWINO MACHINES. Persons desirous I
of having a superior Machine, shonld buy
Wheeler A Wilson's Sample Machines on hand.
Clearfield, Feb. 23, nfl. H.F.iAUGLE. Ag't.
GROtTNI) AM'U.NGROUD SPICES,
Citron, English Currants, Ess. Coffee, and
Vinegar ot the beat quality, for sale by
Jan. 10. ilAftfSWfCK A IRWIX.
DR. T. B METZ. Surgeon Dentist. Glen Hope,
Clearfield county. P. Teeth pat up on gold,
silver, and vulcanite base. Full setts from five to
twenty-five dollars. Warranted equal to any in
the State. May 30th, 1806.
CLEARFIELD HOUSE, CLEARFIELD
PA. Tbe subscriber having purchased the
furniture and interest from If. H. Morrow, in said
House, is now prepared for the reception of tran
sient and permanent boarders. Every depart
ment connected with his establishment will be
conducted second to none in the county. lie res
pi' 1 1 ui ( j ouiitlta rjlwio Ul i m uiiv jaiivuagv.
July 11, ISfiO.-y. GEO. N.COLBUR?
iAKM FOR. SALE.Tbe subscriber offers
for sale his property situate on Potts Run,
Jordan township, consisting of 127 acres of land
16 of which are cleared. Thf re are several good
veins ftf coal on the place, and an excellent wa
ter power which, if suitably improved, would
drive a saw or grist mill most of the year. Will
be sold cheap for cash. T IJDDLE,
March 21, ISiiii tf. Clearfield borough.
AU LESH I NGLE M ACHINE. The snb-
i scriber is manufacturing at the West Branch
Iron Works, in Williamsport. the best and mwt
durable Machine for making 24 and 13 inch fhiii
gles ever used in this country, alsa the EMPIRE
MACHINE, which will cut 1 inch shingle." much
faster, smoother and more from the same timber,
than any machine in use ; also the best. Saw Sutt
Mill Doits fur Gate and Mulay Mills, ever used in
thissection. A. T. NICHOLS.
Williamsport. Pa, May 5. ISSfl.-fim.
CL E A FIELD N V RS E R V . E N CO U R
AGE HOME INDl'STKY. The undersigned
having established a Nursery, on the Pike, about
halfway, between Curwensville and Clearfield
Boroughs, is prepared to furnish all kindsof Fruit
trees, (Standard and dwarl:)- Evergreen -. Shrub
bery. Grape Vines, Gooseberry, Lawt"n Black
berry. Strawberry und Raspbeiry vines. Also
SibrianCrab trees.Quince and early Scarlet Ilheu
barb.ee. Orders promptly attended o. Address
Aug 31,1864 J. D. WRIG 11T. Curwensville,
ANKING & COLLECTION OFFICE
FOSTER. PERKS. WRIGHT A CO.,
Philipsbubg. Cestre Uo.. Pa.
BillN of Exchange, Xotesand Drafts discounted.
Deposits received. Collections made and pro
ceeds promptly remitted. Exchange on the Cities
constantly on hand. The above Banking House
is now open and ready for business.
Philipsourg, Centre Co.. Pa., Sept. 6, 1S65.
O. L. KEEP.
C. R. FOSTER. ROW. PERKS. J D. . G1KK.
WW TV WRIGHT, W. t. WAMACI, A.' K. WRIGHT,
RICBARO .SHAW, J AS. T. LEONARD, J AS B GRAHAM
QIIAIRS! CHAIRS!! CHAIRS!!!
Having reeauied the manufacture of ehaiw. at his
shop located on tbe let in the rerr ot his residence
on Market street, and a short dist ince weft of the
Foundry, is prepared to accommodate his old
friends, and all others who may favor him with e
call, with every description of Windsor chairs.
He has a good assortment on hand to which he
directs the attention of purchasers. They are
made of the very best material well painted, and
finished in a workmanlike manner, and will be
sold at prices to suit the times Examine them
before purchasing elsewhere.
Clearfield. Pa.. March 23. 135
HA UPT & CO., at Milesburg. Pa . continue
to furnish castings of every description at
short notice. They have tbe best assortment 'of
patterns in the country for steam and water-mill?
of every dflssription. All kinds of machine and
plow castings furnished. New Worll and Hatha
way cook stoves always. on hand. They make 4
horse sween-power threshing machines, with sha
ker and 50 feet or strap for $10 and 2-horse
tread-power machines, with shaker and 30 feet
of strap for S 175. Warranted to give satisfaction
in threshing, and kept good to threeh one crop,
free of charjre. June 23. Ift6i-y.
Isaac Hadpt at Bellefonte continues to take
risks for insurance in any good stock company in
tbe State. Also in New York ; the Royal and Et
na at Hartford; and the Liverpool and London,
capital $5 000.000. - '
E W ARRANGEMENT!!
The subscribers have entered into co-partnership,
and are trading under the name of Irvin,
Baily & Co . in lumber and merchandise, at the
old stand of Ellis Irvin A Son. at tbe mouth of
Lick Rub. They would inform their friends, and
the world in general, that they are prepared to
furnish to order all kinds of sawed or hewn lum
ber, and solicit bills, for either home or eastern
They would also announce that they have just
A NEW STOCK .
of well selected goods, suitable to the season, con
sisting oi every variety usually kept in country
stores. Their purchases have been made since
the late decline in prices which enable them to
sell at such rates as will astonish theircustomrs
One if their partners. Thomas L. Raily, resides
near Philadelphia, whose business it w be to
watch the maricet and make purchase on the
most favorable terms. Call and see m
THOMAS L. BATLY,
Goshen tp..Deo.6. 1S65. LEWIS I. IRWIN.
EDUCATIONAL. The undersigned in-i-
tends opening a school in the Town Hall.
Clearfield on the first Monday in Jnne to contin
ue for a term of eleven weeks.
Thoroughness will be aimed at in all our in
structions. -'Not how much but how well" is the
principle upon which the exercises will be con
ducted. Particular attention paid to Penmanship and
A daily r egister is kept of the attendance, de
portment and recitations of each pupil, which is
sent weeklv to parents thm furnishing them
with constant information of bis standing and
progress in school.
Public exhibitions ere not hell at any stated
time, but parents and guardians are respectfully
invited to visit the school and observe the manner
in which the daily work is performed.
Terms or Tumox. : .
Spelling, Reading. Writing, Primary Arlthrne
1 tio and Geography, , $4 00
Grammar. Geography, History, Arithmetic and
Fook-keepin. x , $5 00
Algebra. Philosophy, Geomotry.' Mensuration
and Surveying. $7 00
Latin and Greek with any of the above bran
ches. $9 00
- For further information apply to
C B. SANDFORD.
May 23d. 1868. , Principal.
COAL, Whale, and Linseed Oil, Family Dyes,
Varnish and Paints of aM kind groundin Oil,
for ears bv HABT8WICK. A IRWIH.
0, Brightly Beams the Summer Sky.
0, brightly beams the summer sky.
And rarely blooms the clover;
But the little pool will soon be dry .
The summer soon be over !
O. light and soft the west wind blows,
The flower-bells gently ringing;
But blight-will fall upon the rose.
Where now the bee is swinging !
A smile is on the silver stream
A blush is on the flowers ;
But the cloud 1 hat wears a golden gleam
Will waste iUolf in showers !
O, little hearts with gladness rife.
Among the wavy grasses !
A deeper shade will fold your life
Than o'er theieadow passes!
. O, maiden lips ! O, lips of bloom ! .
Unburdened save by singing!
Pale grief shall leave his seal of gloom
Where kisses nowre clinging !
O, Sope is sweet ! O. youth is near!
And love is sweeter, nearer!
O, lii'e is sweet, and life ia dear,
But death is often Ueaier !
0, shield tbe little hearts from wrong,
While childhood's laugh is ringing !
And kiss the lips th.tt sing the song.
Before they cease their singing!
O, crown with joy the brows of youth,
Before those brows are older !
0, touch with love the lips of truth,
Before they cease their singing !
For the little pool will soon be dry .
The s.mmer soon be pver;
Though brightly beams the summer sky.
And rarely blooms the clover!
THE KEW 0ELEANS EI0TS.
Dispatches from New Orleans contain
graphic accounts of one of the most terrible
riots that ever occurred at the South. The
violent breaking up of a legal and loyal as
semblage of citizens, the assaulting and
murdering of leading Union men oi' the
State, the ruthless shooting down of more
than a hundred freeduien, accompanied with
the mot savage barbarities, are iacts calcu
lated to impress the whole country with
anxiety and alarm in regard to the state of
auairsatthe bouth. Are these the nrst
fruits of that executive policy which main
tains that ail the late rebellious States are
ripe for immediate return to the Union, in
cluding the complete mastery of their local
affairs, the sway of such authorities as the
Mayor and the police of New Orleans, and
the withdrawal of the United States forces?
But instead of making any comments at
present, we prefer to give our readers a
succinct and accurate account of- the origin
of these deplorable disturbances.
Louisiana was the first of the Southern
Status in which the Federal arms obtained
a permanent footing during the war. The
capture of New Orleans by General Butler
and the subsequent administration of Gen
eral Ranks prepared the wry for President
Lincoln to take some preliiuinarT steps to
bring her back into the Union. It was the
first State which he began to experiment
upon, and it is notorious that his policy
was that of conciliation and forgiveness.
He was evidently deceived in his opinions
respecting the loyalty of the people, as sub
sequent events haveshoWn,but it is clear that
he erred on the side of mercy. Whether
the plan, of the convention of 1SG4 was
original with President Lincoln or General
Banks, it is certain that the President ap
proved it and watched the proceedings with
great interest, and the uniform testimony of
the Union men throughout the land haj
been that the Constitution which they framed
was one of the most perfect in the United
States. It did not c nfer negro suffrage,
but left the matter open to future Legisla
tures. It enj.iined that the Legislature
should provide for the education of all chil
dren, white and colored. It changed the
status of representation, and gave New Or
leans her share in the Government. There
may have been inaccuracies in the election
of delegates within the Federal lines, for
those elections were held in a time of civil
war, when a large number of the inhabit
ants were in the Confederate army, but the
fact that the present Governor, Legislature,
and Congressmen and Senators elect have
been chosen under that Constitution, shows
that the people did and do accept its validity.
That constitution provided that at some
future time its members might be called to
gether again. Governor Wells saw fit to is
sue such a call. lie has long been one of
the most popular men in the State. Du
ring the administration of Gen. Banks he
was considered a "Free State man." He
was a member of the "Loyal League," and
was run for Lieutnant Governor, on the
same ticket with Hon. Michael Hahn.
When Mr. Hahn resigned his office as Gov
ernor, and received the election of Senator,
Mr. Wells became Governor, and as the
Louisiana Senators were not admitted, Mr.
Hahn apparently.fell back into private life.
When the armies of Lee, Dick Taylor, et.
al., surrendered, and the Confederates re
turned to their plantations in the State, the
duty of arpointing temporary officers for
Sheriffs, Parish Juries, Judges, &c fell
upon Governor Wells, and he so far disap
pointed the radical Free State men. that re
turned Confederate officers and soldiers uni
formly received his preference. . His popu
larity became unbounded. , The only rival
which he had in the election last fall was
Ex-Governor Alleu, an unpardoned rebel,
who held out at Shreveport till the rebel ar
mies surrendered. j
. ThA lus oio-htAon . mnnrlie Viavn made a
4-frreat change in the political condition 01
New-Orleans. In the spring ot lSb,wuei.
under the: military rule, human life anJ
vrwrrv were safe. ami protection was grant
ed to all classes of citizens, whether white
or black. Dr. Kennedy was Mayor, andf
though not remarkable tor his loyalty, ye
he endeavored to trim very carefully between
the Major General commanding and the re
turned Confederates. Now everything n
changed. Mr. John T. Monroe, a rebel
whom Gen. Butler sent to Fort Jackson lor
his contumacy, was the unanimous choice of
the people at a recent election, and the old
police, those who were in before Gen. Butler
took the city, have all been reinstated, and
appearances now indicate that even the
Memphis police, who slaughtered so many
negroes in that city, will suffer nothing by
comparison with their New Orleans confer
ees. It is well known there that it is next
to impossible tot a negro to obtain justice
from them, or in the Recorders' Courts.
During the past winter the number of mur
ders, shooting and stabbing affray which oc
curred in the city were greatly increased,
and hardly a day passed in which one did
not take place.
After Governor Wells declared his inten
tion of calling together the Convention,
J udge Abell charged the grand jury that it
would be an unlawful assemblage, and its ob
ject and design would be to subvert the
peace of the btate. Mr. fehannon,'the.L ni
ted States Commissioner had him arrested
for this. Mr. Monroe,the Mayor, proclaim
ed that if the Convention met he should
use the police force to disperse it. Presi
dent Johnson telegraphed that Gen. Baird
should use the military power in sustaining
the action of the courts; but which, Mr.
Shannon or Judge Aboil?
It does not appear that the freedmon had
any malicious intent in making a proccssiou.
During the last two or three years these
processions have been very common, and on
all kinds of occasions, such as picnics, Sun
day school celebrations, etc. One dispatch
says they were armed ; but any one who has
resided in New Orleans knows that it is as
rare for a feouthern man to go unarmed as
to go without his boots. There are city
laws against carrying concealed weapous,
but they are never enforced except against
the blacks. It appears, also, that it was a
foregone conclusion on the part of the May
er to get up a ri'U, and to demonstrate not
only that New Orleans was no place for free
speech, but that the negro had no more
rights now than he had before the war.
And this, too, in a city, which was the first
to come into the possession ot the United
States, where the policy which afterwards
become known as the ' rreedmen s Uureau,
was first inaugurated by Gen. Banks, and
where one of Gen. Howard's most reliable
subordinates holds the office ot Assistant
Commissioner. ;';.' ?" ;
The murderous assault on Lx-Uovernor
Hahn and the' murder of Dr. Dostie and
Mr. Henderson will long b6 remembered as
the lcgitiu.atefruits of rebel rule. It shows
how well prepared the people are for self-
government, and how much chance there is
for Union sentiment in that city. Gover
nor Hahn was one of the first lawyers in the
city to welcome the advent of the Union
troops. A young man ot great natural abili
ty and a irood sneaker, and havinjr little
sympathy with the cotton and sugar aris
tocracy which formerly and now apparently
governs the South, he was chosen Governor
as the Free States candidate under the new
order of things in 1864. During the past
winter he has spent much of his time in
Washington, and in his evidence before the
Reconstruction Committee he has not beon
very profuse in praise of Southern loyalty.
Dr. JJostie was an enthusiastic f ree
Mate man and did as much as any one dur
ing the years of 1S63-4 to encourage the
Free State sentiment in Louisiana, lie was i
at the head of the Union League, and took
a deep interest in the political bearings ot
the State. For all these things he was
greatly hated by the old politicians. Dur
ing the Confederate rule he had to flee tor
his life to the North, and could only return
in safety when the city came Under the con
trol of the Federal ba-onets. Mr. Hender
son, who was killed, had been a correspon
dent of the N. Y. Ti ibune, and during the
ast two or three years was engaged in run
ning a cotton plantation.
Brevet Mat. Gen. Absalom baird is horn
Pennsylvania, and served with distinction
during the war under Gen
Howard and en-1
ioys his perfect confidence. He is an old I
school Abolitionist in his private opinions
but his administration has in general been
very satisfactory to the people.- He is a
mark whom the people can neither " cajole,
bribe nor humbug, and when he first as
sumed the positi3n ot Assistant Commis
sioner he very soon taught the planters that
he could dispense with the fawuing and ad
vice which were so acceptable to uen. r ui-
A frtw morft snch riots as have disgraceed
Memphis and New Orleans will show the
people of the country that the opinions
which Gens. Grant and Sheridan hold about
the necessity of keeping a military force at
the South are not far from correct.
Gen. Grant a "Conspirator."
George II. Pendleton, who was ignorant
from 1861 to 1865 that any conspiracy to
destroy the Government existed, has discov
ered one in 1866, and has found out that
Gen. Grant is its leader. In a recent
speech, he said :.
Gentlemen : Have I not made out my
proposition that mere .was a conspiracy
against, .the Constitution ot the United
States, and a determination to break down
the authority of the State? Did you see
that order by Gen. Grant the other day, that
wherever a person was eharged with having
committed an offense,- charged through
meanness, malice, cowardice, hypocrisy (any
thing may get up a charge against t he best
man in the world,) against any officer,; or
agent, or citizen, and the offender has not
been punished by the civil authority, that the
military shall arrest him and hold mm lor
trial? A man charged, if he has not been
punished, shall be held for tnaL . . ., f . .
That a. man like Pendleton houid aare 10
accuse Grant of disloyalty is the very ex
treme of effrontery.
Below will be found the letter of J. T.
Monroe, Mayor of New Orleans, to Gen
Baird, declaring his determination to pre
vent the meeting of the Convention of 1SG4,
and Geo. Baird's reply thereto :
mayor monroe's letter.
Mayoralty of New Orleans, City
Hall, J uly 25th, 1S66. Brevet Major Gen
eral Baird Com maud in g, tCc G ENERAL :
A body of meu, claiming to bo members of
the convention of 1864, and whose avowed
object is to subvert the Municipal aud State
governments, will, I learn, assemble in this
city on Monday next.
. The laws and ordinances of the city, which
my oath of office makes obligatory upon me'
to see faithfully executed, declare all assem
blies calculated to disturb the public peace
and tranquility unlawful, and, as such, to be
dispersed by the Mayor, and the partici
pants held responsible for violating the same.
It is my iuteutior. to disperse this unlaw
ful assembly, it found within the corporate
limits of the city, by arresting the members
thereof dt d holding them accountable to ex
isting municipal law, provided they meet
without the sauctiou of the military author
ities. I will esteem if a favor, General, if, at
your earliest convenience, you wiil inform
me whether this projected mooting has your
approbation, so that I may a;t accordingly.
i am, general, very resoectly,
J. T. Monroe, Mayor.
GEN. BAIRD S REPLY.
Headq rs D p't Louisiana, New Or
leans, La., July 2(i, leoo. Hon. J. T.
Monro, Mayor of tlui city of Xeio Orleans:
Sir : I have received your communication
of the 25th insc., informing me that a body
of men, claiming to be members of the con
vention of 1864, whose avowed object is to
subvert the present muuicipal and State
governments, is about to assemble in this
city, aud regarding this assemblage as one
of those described in the law as calculated
to disturb the public peace and tranquility,
aud, therefore, unlawful, you believe it to
be your duty, aud that it is your intention,
to disperse this unlawful assembly, if found
within the corporate limits of .the city, by
arresting the members thereof, aud holding
them accountable to the existiug municipal
taws, provided they meet without the sane
tion of the military authorities.
- You also inquire whether this projected
meeting has my approbation, no that you
may act accordingly. . .. ... , . ' ,
In reply, I have tho honor to state that
the assemblage to which you refer has not,
so far as I am aware, the sanction or appro
bation of anj military authority for its
I presume the gentlemen composing it
have never asked for such authority to meet,
as the military commanders, since I have
been iu the State, have held themselves
strictly aloof from all interference with the
political movements of the citizens of Lou
isiana. For my own part, I have carefully
red ai tied from any expression of opinion
upon either side of the many questions re
lating to the reconstruction ot the State
government. W hen asked it I intended to
furnish the convention with a military
guard, I have replied "No; the Mayor of
the city and his police will amply protect its
sittings." If these persons assemble, as
you say is intended, it will be, I presume,
in virtue ot the universally conceded right
of all loyal citizens of the United States to
meet peaceably and discuss freely questions
concerning their civil governments a right
which is not restricted by the fact that the
movement proposed inigl.t tenutuate m a
change of existing institutions.
It the assemblage m question has the le
gal right to remodel the State government,
it should be protected in so doing ; it it has
not, then its labors must be looked upon
simply as a harmless pleasantry.to which no
one ought to object. As to your conception
of the duty imposed by your oath ot office,
I regret to differ with you entirely. I can-
not understand now tne mayor ui city cau
undertake to decide so important and deli
cate a question as the legal authority upon
which a convention, claiming to represent
the people of an entire State, bases its
This doubtless will, in due time, be prop
erly decided upon by the legal branch of the
United States Government. At all events,
the Governor of the State would seem to be
more directly called upon to take the initia
tive in a step of this kind if it was proper
and necessary. What we most want at the
present time is the maintenance of perfect
good order and the suppression of violence.
If, when you speak of the projected meet
ing as pne calculated to disturb the public
peace and tranquility, I am to understand
that you regard the number of persons who
differ in opinion from those who will consti
tute it as so. large, and the lawlessness of
their character as so well established, that
you doubt the ability of your small force of
police to control them, you have in such
case only to call upon me, and I will bring
to your assistance not only the troops now
present in the citv, but, if necessary, the
entire force w hich it may be in my power to
assemble, either upon the land ot on the
water.1 Lawless violence must be suppres
sed, and in this connection the recent order
of the Lieutenant General, designed for the
protection of citizens of the United States,"
deserves careful consideration. It imposes
high obligations for military interference to
nrotect those who. .havine violated no ordi-
nan'cef the State, are engaged in peaceful
lam, sifTrery respectfully' your obedient
servant, A. Baird, Maj. Gen.
Commanding Department of Louisiana-
A ladv in Pike -county, Mo., has called
her last baby Veto, in compliment to the
President. i -. "'. - - -
What Ee Thinks of Thorn. ,
allandigham, having accomplished
his apppomtment as a delegate to the Phil-
adelphia Convention, has exercised great
prudence in setting forth what he thinks of
Doolittle, Dixon, Cowan, and others. Speak-,
ing of them iu a letter to the Democratic
Committee of. the Third Congressional Dis
trict of Ohio, he says ;
'There is not one act of wrongi opprea-;
sibn or outrage, committed during tho last
five years, upon the Democratic party or the
individual "members who comjvose it,' for
which they are not directiy-or remotely re
sponsible. Dispersal of public meetings,,
suppression of newspapers, ; proscription in
all the.social, religious and business relations
of lite, calumnies, persecutions, mobbing,
stripes, stouings, arrests, imprisonment,
military commissions, exile, death theHtf
were the bitter fruits of the teachings of the
men who ' now invite , Democrats to sit in '
friondly council with them in the Philadel
phia Convention." - . . - ,
He gives these people to understand that
rebels and Copperheads will not be exclud
ed from the proposed Convention, and that
attempts to that end will be chastised he' '
does not say precisely how, bur, Reaves it to
be inferred they will be kicked out of the
"I am not aware . that a handful vf mis
chievous und evil-disjjo$eJ persons of the
Republican party, now among the professed
friends of the President, Out themselce of
peculiarly odiout and unpatriotic record
aul antecedents, pretend to set up tests for
admission to the Philadelphia Convention,
as against certain men in fact, all men of
the Democratic party. The combined in- ,
decency, presumption and folly of this pre-teu-e,
together with the mingled tretxehery
and hypocriay of the motives u liich prompt
it, render it too contemptible for further
The Programme Foreshadowed.
The Atlanta A'cw Era, discussing the fu
ture, gives another warning of what the
Johnson party intend to do iu case the
Democrats carry a few of the Northern elec
tions for Congressmen. It says : .
- "It is now evident that the Radicals will
lose some eighteen members at the October
elections. This would it) change the status
of : Congress as that, the Democrats and
Conservative members added to the mem
bers elect from the Southern States, would
constitute the majority of the whole; the
result would be two Congresses, each Claim
ing to be the Congress of the United States.
The seventy or seventy-five Democratic and
Conservative members, whose title to seats
will be undisputed, united with the fifty
eight excluded Southern members, could
elect a Chairman instead of a Clerk, ohoosa
a Speaker and then apply to the President
for recognition. This recognition, if given,
would lead to the necessity of dispersing the
Radical faction claiming to be tbe Congress,
and this would lead to civil war a war, the
issue of which would le tbe rights ot the
Scats under the General Government, in
stead of the rights of the States to secedo
from the Union."
The loyal men of the North, of all shades of
opinion, are coming to understand this mat
ter. The Memphis and New Orleans mas
sacres have enlightened thorn with the tem
per and purposes ot the rebel inhabitants of
the Southern States; and they will take
good care that the eighteen members of
Congress are not of a sort to be used in the
manner proposed. Pennsylvania certainly
will not contribute one of the eighteen.-
'Such Will he the End.".
As a consequence of success on the part
of their friends engaged in the New Orleans
mob, there is a proiDund ferment among
the old slaveholding class all through the
Southern States. They now know they have
the National Administration on their side,
and feel safe in venturing any excesses, dic
tated either by their principles or passions.
As an illustration, take this, from the Nash
ville Banner . . t '
"We are shown The natural end of the
violent schemers who are plotting for power
in Louisiana.' Snch' icill be the end of the
same meu, duplicatal here, in Tennessee.
They are already hastening their iiwn de-.
struction by passing the bounds not only of
E alienee, but of prudence and human for
earance. The people of Tennessee are a
sober and peaceably disposed class, but it is
dangcrou to meddle with thm tftofir. The
wretclies who compose the Metropolitan Fb
lice mayyetjiiid itsototheircost." 5
Unless Kmo method shall be devised to
stop the tide of reaction; the. white Union
ists will be driven out of the South, and tbe
black ones bquelched under the heels of
their late owners. . . ... :
What has become of Mr. Well, the Gov
ernor ot Jjouisiana? Does he exist, and the
office he was elected to fill? Or, has the.
President, by an act of military despotism,
wiped out both? If the President' may
dispose of a Governor in this summary man-'
per in New Orleau. why not in New York
of pennsylvTMiuiTWhat limits ehaQ be putt
to his power? - S - -:Sr', Viif
,,:..;..- - " -." WU' -.r
.-. The people of - the Southern States are'
doing at least one thing, that affords us
gratification they are building almost num-'
berless cotton mills. ' Let them keep on in .
that work, and ultimately,, by similarity of"
Enrsuits' and interests, the two sections will
e bound together as with bands of rOTjj.;