Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, November 29, 1865, Image 1

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BY S. J. row.
VOL. 12.-N0. 12.
The Raftsman's Jovbhai, is published on Wed
uIt at $2,00 per innnm in advance.- Adver-
risiE5TS inserted at $1.50 per square, for three
r less insertions Ten lines for less) countings
square. For ererr additional insertion au cents
1 deduction will be made to yearly advertisers.-
IRVIS BROTHERS, Dealers in Square & Sawed
Lumber. Drj Goods, Groceries, Floor, Grain,
Jkt , Ac, Bnrnside Pa., Sept. 23, 1363.
II kinds of Stone-ware, Clearfield, Pa. Or-
'icited wholesale or retail. Jan. I, lSWJ
ANSA BABKETT, Attorneys at LawrClear-
eld. Pa. maJ
j,. J. CR AS ' ; ' - '
R&EERT J.WALLACE, Attorney at Law. Clear
field P Office in Shaw's new row, Market
street, oppo !te Naugle'i Jewelry store May 26.
v y a.CC'-I'E, Watch and Clock Maker, and
Ara'tr in Watches, Jewelry, Ac. Room in
fir.ham-.Tow. Marketstreet. , Nor. 10.
BUCHER SWOOPE, Attorney at Law, Clear
K .j p. -Offict in Graham's Row, four doo s
wert'of Graham Boynton s store. Nor. 10.
. ' Hardware. Queensware, Groceries. Pro
;?ne. Front Street, above the Academy,
1411 D9 ffC
Cleaiteld, P
April 27.
WILLIA M F.XKW IS, Marketstreet, Clearfield,
Pa., Delrn Foreign and Domestic Mer
chandise. Hard ware. Q-jeenaware, Groceries, and
fm ily articles ge nerally. Kot. 10.
J0IIN Gl'ELICB. Mannfaeturer of all kinds of
Cabinet-ware, Market street, Clearfield, Pa.
lie also makes to order Coffins. onfert notice, and
attends funerals with a tearse. Aprl0,'a.
DR M. WOODS, Pbacticiso Physician, and
Examining Surgeon for Pensions.
Office, South-west corner of Second and Cbry
fctre t, Clearfield, Pa. January 21, 186S.
alHOMAS J. M'CCLLOUGH, Attorney at Law,
Clearfield, Pa. Office, east of the ' Clearfield
et.Bank. - Deedaand other legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accarcy. ' July 3. '
JB M'EXALLT, Attorneyat Law, Clearfield,
. Pa. Practice --n Clearfield and adjoining
counties. Olce in new brick building of J.Boyn
t in, 21 street, one door south of Lanieh's Hotel.
RICHARD MOSSOPr Dealer in Foreign and Do
mestic Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Bacon,
Liquors. Ac. Room, on Market street, a few doors
west ot JoumtUOJieti, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27. .
rrmOMAS W.-MWRK, Lana Purveyor an xn
J vejaneer. Office at his residence, i mile east
of Pennville. Postoffice address, Grampian llills
DeeJs and other instruments of writing neatly
executed. June 7th, ISfia-ly.
WM. ALBERT A BRA'S, Dealers tn Dry Goods,
C roceries, Hardware, Queensware, Flour,
Bacon, etc.. Woodland, Clearfield county, Penn'a.
Also, extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum
ber, shingles, and square timber. Orders sol ici
ted. Woodland, Aug. 19th, 1863.
DR J. P. BIT RCII FIELD, late Surgeon of
the 83rd Regt Penn'a Vols, having return
ed from the army, offers his professional services
to the citizens of Clearfield and vicinity. Prof-fe.-sional
calls promptly attended to. Office on
South-East corner of 3d and Market streets.
Oct. 4. lSftj fini-pJ.
4 rCTlONEER. The undersigned having
V been Licensed an Auctioneer, would inform
the citixens of Clearfield county that he will at
tend to calling sales, in any part of the county,
whenever called cpon. Charges moderate
May 13 Bower Po., Clearfield co., Pa.
AUCTIONEER. The undersigned having
been Licenced an Auctioneer, would inform
the citizens of Clearfield eounty that be will a)
tend to calling sales, in any iart of the county.
whenever called upon. Charges moderate.
Feb. 22. 1865. Clearfield, Pa.
Banking and Collection Office
PniLlPtBDBG. CeKTRB Co., Pa.
Bills of Exchange, Notes and Drafts discounted.
Deposits received. Collections made and pro
eed promptly remitted. Exchange on the Cil"es
constantly on hand. The above Hanking House
Js now open and ready for business.
Philipsborg, Centre Co., Pa., Sept. 6, 1865.
HAl'PT & CO., at Milesburg, Pa., continue
to furnish castings of every description at
short notice. They have the best assortment of
patterns in the country for steam and wstor-mills
of every description. All kinds of machine and
plow castings furnished. NewWorld and Hatha
way cook-stoves always on hand. They make 4
horse sweep-power threshing machines, with sha
ler and 50 feet of strap lor $160 and 2-horse
tread-power machines, with shaker and 30 feet of
strap for $175. Warranted to give satisfaction in
threshing, and kept good to thresh one crop, free
of charge June 23. Id85-y.
Isaac Haptt, at Belief onte, continues to take
rifks for insurance in anv good stock company in
the State. Also in New Vork : the Royal and Et
na at Hartford ; and the Liverpool and London,
fspital 56,000,000.
vi llb. Pa.
Jonx Patto!i. Pres't. Capital paid in $ 75,000
t Arsold. Cash. Authorised cap $200,000
Jm. Irvm. John Pattou, Samuel Arnrld.
t K. Arnold, Daniel Faut, E. A. Irvin
F- IrT,. - H. Lytle, H. P.Thompson
This bank buys and sells all kinds of Govern
aent securities. 7-30" notes always on hand and
for sale. Receives money on deposit, and if left
for a specific time allows interest. Buys and sells
-r-iis ana escbange. Kotes and bills discounted
V-legal rate of interest, and does a general bank-
ine business. :
We have recently erected a very sul
MEking house, witn a good vault, burel
e.. knd will ha irlit - i.. i
substantial !
lar safe,
ble our !
Jnends and customers may have, that they desire
10 fr safe keeping. i
Merennt t JTk6''0' 8j'cii. the bn8in. off
. mu. vim uiuciB. kuu win en
oeaTor to make it their interest to do their bank-
-.kltUXIIU 1 .1, m tm m. a n U .1 1 1
--6 "uainess witn us.
urwensville, Pa. Oct 25, l65.
undersigned is prepared te furnish, to those
boBrf"1 ,nTes,1nnts, ' tJoverament and county
ona Also live per cent Government notes.
S"" $ld May 4. 184. Att'y at Law.
They've laid hr to rest
Neath the cold, damp sod,
Her spirit has gone
To its Maker, God.
Ir'e planted sweet flowers
Above her grave's head,. ,
And they weep tears of dew
For the beautiful dead.' " '
A preen willow waves -Over
her mound ;
Its long graceful branches
Sweep the eold grouud.;
A little white tombstone ' ;
Stands at the head
Of the narrow, cold earth.couch
- Containing the dead.
Upon it is graven
The year and the day
When her sanctified spirit
Passed gently away.
And 'neath it is written
In letters quite small,
"Death, the Destroyer
Must visit us all "
O. often as twilight.
When the world is all still.
When no Sound greets mine ear
Save the' murmuring rill,
I stray to the spot
Where sweet Minnie reposes,
And water with tears
The fragrant white roses.
And then beside her grave
Oft I silently pray,
That the itnel ot death,
Who took her away,:
Will soon come again
To this world below,
And bear me away
Wh.re no sorrows I'll know.
It has been generally conceded bv the Or
thodox that the. devil pursuosh is nominations
gainst tue happiness and virtue of mankind
in a systematic, thoueh invterious wav.
oui mat uls science is not utterly occult has
- . " --- .-.'
been repeatedly proved. But it his Sinful
Majesty ever does come near to impenetra
ble aiystery, his theater of action is assur
ed by the stock-market of New York. He
there appears io ail guises, under all circum
stances, and ia the utterance of many
tongues. The faLSed Proteus was i m muta
ble and guileless in comparison. We have
outgrown the serpent trick, which so effec
tually pulled wool over the eyes of our first
parents. And probably aware of thi fW.
from the signal failure of the "Copperhead"
subterfu.i e during the recent war, the Evil
one is equal to the exigencies of the times.
Persevering and ubiquitous, he appears
in the stock market in a hundred shapes
and on a hundred pretenses, but ever wav
ing Ins magic wand which turns the paving
stones into illusory gold, or brims the gut
ters with deodorized petroleum, as the case
maybe.. A case cf peculiar intricacy is at
present slowly coming to light in the Supe
rior Court.
The case made its first appearance in
court last Tuesday, before Judge Garvin, in
the Shape of Charles II. Carr and others a
gainst Henry It. Kendall and others. The
first witness whom the prosecution called to
the stand was the principal defendent, who
was perseveringh pumped for about two
days, to the intense interest ot a crowded
courl-room, and with results ot the most
villainously complicated character. The
mysteries of "wild-cat stock" brokerage
were revealed to an extent which even open
ed the eyes of old operators. Some time
i:jm a pseudo stock company made its debut
It tii petroleum world under the title of
ir. !.ive ank.ee Oil Company, and under
auspices whose ?peciouricss would have
won the heart of Montagu Tigg and tempt
ed to perdition far shrewder men than Jonas
Chazzlewit. Its capital was only a quarter
of a million, but it was based on leases for
50 years on 2,000 acres of land, which, of
course, were so instinct with precious oil as
to be utterly unfit for ordinary cultivation.
The brooks were pure petroleum and the
night-dews unctuous?. The grasses and
weeds of the field were so many candle-wicks,
only requiring ignition to illuminate the
world ; a match applied to the oil-per.-piring
trees would create a bonfire which would
cause the sun to hide his diminished head,
and all the water-melons and pumpkins
that sprung from the oleaginous soil were as
full of oil as a green cocoanut of milk, i et
this vat tract of precious grease, which
might become so pregnant of peril to the
universe, merely needed enterprise and a
quarter of a million to become an enduring
benefit to mankind, and a mountain of gold
to the happy possessors of the ''Live Yan
kee" stock. But, stiange as itmay appear,
the majority of stock brokers did nottiew
these gigantic prospects in the same light,
and from $5 per thare the Live Yankee
stock declined the five cents. But the en
terprise was in the hands of dauntless men,
who, with laudable perseverance, determin
ed to benefit the world and fatten their
pocket- books in spite of adverse circumstan
ces. In the midst of failure they did not per
mit themsel ves to be overwhelmed, but phil
osophically inquired into the cause. .... They
came to the conclusion that on the name of
the company the disaster hinged. They
could not but acknoweldge, in their utmost
hearts, that the title of 'Live Yankee" had
something of the catamount flavor ; they
11 . . -.t. . :J
would start anew
with a name that wouid
awe and conquer.
The conception was but
ti, -A ,i
'"c ?iu- I'"' A"c uwu
Napoleon Oil Company arose pheoix-nke
from the ashes as the animated New Eng-
lander, with a prestijre and a luster which
recalled the sun of Austerlitz. Although
based upon only one-third of the property
of its unfortunate predecessor, the Napole
an Company, with a royal disdain for petty
fiffures, was composed of 800,000 shares, at
$5 each, with a nominal capital of $1,500,
000. A large number ot gentlemen were en
gaged in the enterprise, but the principal
managers Were Messrs Kendall, Chamber
lain x jo.
In tna , . n. . ... . .H 1 .
it appears
that 7rTV i"1 wu h
ately alter this . transaction, Kendall, and
others in the secret resolved to '"corner" the
stocK, which,. though a brilliant achieve
ment when gilded by success, is about as
mean as cneating at cards, when it tnps
uiiu jans.
It was done in thi
- . v . Abvuuuiii aau
berlain & Co., bought up all the shares to
be lound in the market, at the same time
engaging numerous parties, among whom
were, ot course, the plaintiffs in the present
action, to ueiiver up other bliares tt a stip
ulated time at par value. Ilavins- boueht
up pretty much all the stock, Messrs. Ken-
aaii, Chamberlain & Co.. are waited unon
by numerous irentlemen. who are nlentifullv
feuppneu wnn greenbacks, and who proceed
to uuy up tue jNanoleon stock at lare-e v ad-
van -cd rates.
These purchasers are in the employ of the
parties wt o sell the stock, and, of course,
the money they usms also the property of
those parties. They would seek a confeder
ate ur stairs in the same buildinar ( Pine-st. )
nanu him a large quantity ot money, and
sny, ' bo down stairs to Kendall. Chamber-
riam&L'O., and buy so many sharesof iNa
poleon at such a price." The firm below
aware that they can get back their own mo
ney whenever they may demand it,: reply
i es we win sell you that numler orMiare.'
Here they are, at 615 a shares!" They take
back their money, and the bogus purchaser
tases tne shares, which thus rapidly rise in
At length, through two of their agents or
confederates, the price is run up to $32 a
share. Bond is the name of one of these
agents; Looper is the other. Cooper (hav
ing been provided with inonev beforehand.)
Is t T y t 1 vim . . '
aesires oi ivendail, Chamberlain & Uo.. ,
000 shares at ?32. They give him orders
on the other parties (also in the conspira
oy,) and of them he makes the nurr-imto
The sellers return the money to Bond, who
returns it rorne original owner. .1 hereupon
the conspirators send around, to th
peeling Carr & Taylor, for instance, and de
mand shares at ?2,2o, as per agreement
Not having the shares, and unable to nro
cure them at less than $32. Carr & Taylor
are cornered, and induced to pay SlO.OOOas
margin or security ior t lie nnai recovery or
the missing shares. Many others are bitten
in the same way, and the affair begins to
makes a noise.
The sharp operators l ave their stock and
name stricken from the lists of the Petrole
um board of brokers, an I Carr&TavIor, to
gether with a number of fellow-dupes brine
an action of fraud and conspiracy for the re
covery of funds.
Ilia deiendants denj- alJ fraud, claim that
the transaction was bona Jide, and that, ac
cording to the broker's rule, they bought in
the Siock at $32, tbatbciiir the lowest mar
ket price at the time ot his purchase, and
th:it hey, therefore, have a set-off of $15,000.
I hey evidently find themselves in a bad
scrape, however, as it is understood that
other claim are preparing against them to
the extent of $150,000.
The names of two of the most prominent
parties connected with the swindle are Ilig
gins and Bond, who are represented as rus
tics from Alleghany and Cattaraugus Coun
ties.. But the fact ha3 transpired that these
worthies with other confederates, all board
ed together at an up town boarding-house,
where they planned and consummated their
schemes. Messrs. Iligginsand Bond would
be valuable witnesses just now, but they
have taken the alarm and are off. A num
ber of others are supposed to be implicated.
At any rate it is to be hoped that a thor
ough ventilation of the case will serve to
show up in unvarnished blackness the Devill
in the Stock Market.
A Beautiful Deed.
A young officer was connected with Sher
idan's brigade. It was in one ot those for
ced marches when they had driven back
the enemy, and had been in the saddle for
several consecutive days and nights, that
this trooper availed himself of a temporary
halt to slip from his saddle and stretch him
self upon the turf his horse, meanwhile,
browsing in the immediate vicinity. He
had slept for some little time, when he was
suddenly awakened by the frantic pawing of
of his hoie at his side. Fatigued by his
long ride, he did not rouse at once, but lay
in that patially conscious state which so fre
quently attends great physical prostration.
Soon, however, the faithful animal perceiv
ing that his efforts had failed to accomplish
their object, licked his face, and placing its
mouth close to his ear uttered a loud snort.
Now, thoroughly awake, he sprang up, and
as the horse turned for him to mount, he
saw for the first time that his comrades had
all disappeared, and that the enemy were
comingdown upon him at a full gallop. Once
mounted, the faithful beast bore him with
the speed of the wind safely from the dan
ger, and soon placed him among his com
panions. "Thus," he added with emotion,
"the noble fellow saved me from captivity,
and perhaps from death.
A man in Providence, who had acccumu
lated about a thousand dollars, pleaced it in
a stove which had not been set up, tor safe
keeping, lie was called out of town unex
pectedly, and the cold snap coming on, a
fire was kindled in the stove, and the hard
earning of years were reduced to ashes in a
single moment
James Duncan and Capt. Richard B.
Winder, now confined in the Old Capital
Prison, charged with cruel treatment to
ward Union prisoners at Andersonville, will
soon be brought to trial, and it is under
stood a court is being organized for that
tne Dart ot the n jint;flF ATacc. c... n.i I
, , . . "-'"l XXVOv3AO Vail AUU I ' , " T , -
others to deliver 500 shares, on three days London Society.
notice, at 2.50 ner tliaro Tnt iir..io,li- ed In a e,-.nc;iil.
I i.rv,, ...
xne medicinal efforts of lazyness" is the
jn.naaa article in tne late number of
Tte subject is discuss-
Dhilosonhical manner.
and will apply as well to its meridian, as to
the one for which it was written :
"Whoever has passed through a season
ot enforced abstinence from accustomed
work, needs no assurance of its ultimate
berehts. It is when the ground lies fallow,
seemingly barren and useless, that it is gath
ering its richest sources of af ter-fruitfulness
the surest strong influences that shall smile
in future harvests which else could not have
been. If we look closely, we shall discover
that we owe many of our best and most suc
cessful deeds to some impulse of suggestion
that came to us when we were not seeking
for it, when our minds were rather recep
tive than active. Some thiugs are given to
us freely which we could never grasp, and
they are among our best ; it may be hum
blinjr, but it is true.
"One writer would have a clear distinc
VSS1 made between lazyness and idleness.
'I he man who is idle and knows that he is
idle, however much he may be entitled to
his relaxation, still sees within the mrassos
of his own mind the mute, half-reproachrul
pnantoms oi the work he has abandoned
this idleness be compulsory idleness, of
course the care is still more. To rw imlv
lazv the patient must have no sense of obli
gations upon him, either present or future :
no must not only have made up Ins mind
to di ncthin2 but must have formttn f'.ir
the moment that there is anything anywhere
to le done. It is not an uncommon thine
to hear men sav that thev are nerpr nnito
well when thev are idle: that thev f'.n-l in
digestion, headache, loss of annetite. l.-in-
mor and what not. This is because they
are only idle, not lazy. 'I heir brains and
their hands have ceased to work, but no
moral chancre has come over them. TI.p
: ii t , .....
tuieness in winch most, men indulire is but a
i- j-. 1 ! i rr t
uipurary cnange or naoits. i he idleness
which is lazyness mvolves a chancre of char
The writer touches the root of the matter
when he speaks of the moral quaTity of la
t i i ,
""csbs. ju ne iazy wnen-one Knows he
ought to work is really more exhausting
than to work, for real rest lies alwavs in the
iie ot duty, ijuc when uuty uma to cease
from work, to lay aside for the yearly vaca
tion or the evening hour the anxieties, the
hopes, the vexation of working time, what
happiness, what future gain might acquies
cence oring us. "I he hashes ot self-knowl
edge which dart across his mind at such
moments may change a man's career. He
may see the folly of .his past life, the wisdom
of past resolutions which he has not had
the constancy to keep, or the absurdity of
ambitious urcam which ti'l then had been
his master. Or he may on the other hand.
derive new courage from the retrospect;
may Jearn to say to himself with renewed
confidence, this right hand has done so
much hitherto by the sheer force of will,
and unswerving self-reliance ; why should I
faint or look back now?' " WTherefore let
thoce who are suffering enforced withdraw
al from their chosen activities be comforted,
those who are troubled about many things
be warned, and those who are indolent hy
nature or hitbit be condemned by these few
words on laziness.
Ax Attempted Fraud. About the be
ginning of the present month, an accounting
officer of the United States Treasury, at
Washington, discovered that a proposition
had been made to a claim agent in that city
to furnish him with valid claims against the
United Spates Government for arrears of sol
dier's pay and bounties, to the amount of
half a million. The agent was to be allowed
fifty per cent, -for the collection. The suspi
cions of the agent were aroused , but two
or three claims placed1 in his hands as sam
ples were perfect, and, from all appearances,
genuine, enclosing soildiers' discharges, final
statements, ect He, however, consulted
the accounting officer, who was to take all
the pap?rs which might afterwards be offer
ed him, and to make advances to a limited
degree. ShlrJMy after another batch of
claims was handed him, and there being good
reason to suppose that they were stolen from
the office of the second auditor, that officer
began precedings which, in a week, resulted
in fixing the fraud upon a man in his office
named Dreeker, whose business it was to
record the claims, and also upon an accom
plice who was not employed in the office,
named Rabe. On Friday, November 17th,
both were arrested. A book, in which were
the names of deceased soldiers and the mon-
ey due them, was also captured, it seems
that a part of the programme was to make
out ficticious heirs, in w
hich project they
J k La,XA ,?1
were to have been assisted
in Philadelphia. The papers have all been
A Chicago despatch to the Cincinnati
lommercjosavs that Ueneral .Logan, in
conversation with a friend, remarked that
he would accept the appointment of Minis
ter to Mexico, provided the Government
would order 20,000 armed men to accompa
ny him to the capital ot that country.
It has been ordered at Moscow that, in
all public buidings, the doors of the main
entrances shall open outward, instead of in
ward, as hitherto. The reason of this ar
rangement is to enable people to . have free
egress in the event of any accident or panic
occurring. '
'Tis a folly to fret ; griefs no comfort.
Gen. Logan Mexico.
The telegraphic advices from Washington
inform us of the very interesting and im
portant fact that President Johnson has re
constituted our Mexican legation, and com
missioned it. not tn th MpvI
but to the republic of Mexico, of which Jau-
rez is, or was, .President Mr. Corwin, our
Minister to the republic, returned home in
consequence ot the -trench intervention.
ana has- resigned his post ; leaving the eni-
Dassy in charge of the Secretary of Legation.
President Johnson now appoints to the va
cant post a gallant soldier of the late war,
yren. jonn A. Logan, who served under
urant in his western campaigns, and subse
quently under Sherman in his glorious cam
paign through .Georgia and the Carolinas.
Before the breaking out of the war Gen.
Logan was a distinguished Democrat, well
known in Illinois politics, and has been sev
eral times a member of Congress. During
the great conflict he has been with the Ad
ministration, and has canvassed Illinois
with great sutwss for the Republican ticket.
His being accredited lothe republic ..!" Mex
ico jusl. at a time when both Europe and
America have ! cen tilled with rumors that
our government .designs to acknowledge
Maximilian, looko like a decisive annonnw.
ment'of our determination not to countenance
8 assumption that thr
Ml 1 . - I:' v-aaijs.
ff;".ot toSive any supports the policy of
treating the Mexican luitrint nntta-
Only eleven days before he was appointed
uu-iL-r to iiexico, ne said, in a sneer-h
1 II. mi .
made in the Brooklyn Academy of Music:
"So far as I am concerned, 1 believe that
Maximilian in holding Mexico to-bif is t.;vt
and prrcel of the rebellion Aa-an t. this nxr-
crnnicnt. I Cheers. 1 . .
part of the rebellion : it is a r.rt nf It tn.-
day, and the Government of rh ITm.l
States has only to say to Maximilian : 'Sir,
you must pack up your duds and travel.'
Laughter, ending in a tremendous outburst
of clcerinsr.l The Government h,s nnt
r"Ppref-sed the rebellion until it. does this.
L'i hat's so.'J I, for one, don't propose to
give that State to Maximilian: I, for one,
am m favor of our Government saving to
him; lou were induced by this rebellion
to tal;e possession of that country, and to
attempt to establish yourself there ; I will
not permit you to stay there : vou must get
out ot that country and leave it to its peo
pie." Cheers.
CI.U.1J a r .ne an
ilot.neniarid go w faso, we cannot doubt
that very important results will ensue.
Gen. Grant and the Copperheads.
lhe copperhead organs ot the country
nave had lull satisfaction in traducing every
military man who has rendered the least
service to the country, but who at the same
time rejected the appeals of the leaders of
that faction to become a tool for their use.
We are confident that not a single success
ful ollicer in the army has escaped either
being tempted or traduced by thi managers
of that faction. If a soldier yielded, he was
seized, used for political purposes, defeated
by the people, and then retired to disgrace.
In this manner same of the best soldiers in
the country have been utterly ruined. Of
ficers who had won fair reputations in the
field, forfeited their titles to a soldier's fame,
by associating themselves with men who
were in league with the open traitors fight
ing for the ruination of the Republic. At
length, Gen. Grant has been selected as a
target for copperhead malevolence. The
.Lieutenant General doubtless refused to
become a tool to work out certain political
purpose contemplated by the copperheads.
and now in return almost every copperhead
organ in the country is assailing Gen Grant.
rault is found with the General because he
is quietlv enjoying himself in visiting differ
ent parts of the country, while every pub
lic reception the hero receives, is character
ised as an offering of shoddy homage or a
demonstration of "army contractors" and
"abolitionists." We submit these facts as
the evidence not merely of the malevolent
hatred of copperheads for soldiers, but as
the proof of the unmistakable purpose of
the leaders of that faction to be traitors while
they live, as abuse and ridicule of the coun
try's defenders and preservers constitute in
reality bitter, treasonable feeling against
the Government itself!
Death of George Stevenson. On
Thursday November 16th, aged thirty-nine,
died George Stevenson, one of the three sur
vivors of the late and lamented Dr. Ivane s
expedition, and who accompanied Dr. Kane
in his search of Sir John Franklin. Steven
son was born in Dublin, on the 16th ot Sep-
thmber, 1827,and early took to the sea, lie
was a fine seaman, a generous man, and a
irenial, social companion. - While in the Arc
tic regions his hanrfc became affected, and
he has always Buffered from it. The Gov
ernment, in recognition uf his services,gave
him a position in the New York" custom
house as night inspector, in which capacity
he remained up to the time of his death.
He was at one time purser of the Baltic,un-
er Capt Jos. J. Comstock. Dr. Hayes and
Cantain W. W. Wilson. IT. S. R. 8.. are
the only survivors of the Kane Arctic expe-
dition. On Saturday the remains of Ste
venson were interred in Greenwood Ceme
tery, Brooklyn.
Great military activity is reported at
New Oi leans, in consequence ot iate dis-
natches from the Rio Grande. Tiw sale- of
gunboats is prohibited, and some ate being
put in order for action. Transportation
and supplies are forbidden to be sold, and
three regiments of cavalry have been order
ed to join General Merritt at San Antonio.
The dismounted colored cavalry at New Or
leans goes to the same place. .
The trial of Gavle. the man who offered
a million dollars for the assasination of Mr.
Lincoln and other prominent officials, has
been commenced at Montgomery.
This is not a light question, nor one so
easily answered as may be supposed. Words
stand for things, but what the precise thing
.nay uv. incu tuis wora negro stands lor is
not so very clear ; yet there is no question
more important to the prosperity and peace
ful condition of this country than the legal
definition of this word. Webster's explana-
tion of the word shows how loosely it is used
among us, notwithstanding the great im
portance of an exact definition. He says a ;
negro is "a native or descendant of the !
black race of men in Africa." But this is
extremelyi'oose and indistinct, since there
are good many black Africans who are not
negroes, and a good many descendants of
negroes who are not black. Lord Bacon,
in Irs natural history, tells us that "negroes
are bred in couutries that have plenty of
water," as though they were amphibious'
i-.nimals ; but other philosophers have failed
to discover any distinguishing characteris--tics
by which the negro may be .separated
from the human family. Negrohood is not
determined by bur laws, nor by science :,-it
is, in many cases, a gratuitous assumption,
or malignant slander. A black man of a
supposed African descent may be called a
negro, t hough born in Connecticut and noth
ing whatever be known ot his parentage.
A man may be, and often is called a negro
who can be proved of. unquestioned Anglo
Saxon descent, as well as supposed African,
who is not black, but, on the contrary, near
ly white. According to all laws of inheri
tance, a r.ii:a inherits from his father; why
then is nt the son of an Anglo-Saxon fath
er a whit.-.; Man by descent, even though his
mother uas of supposed African ancestry.
We wish that some of the non-franchised
people of Connecticut, who are not permit
ted to go the polls because of their supposed
descent from the black race of Africa, would
assert their right to vote on the ground of
their citizenship, and put the legal author
ities of that state to the proof of their slan
ders. Let the oue.-tion. what constitutes a
negro? be fail lv tried and decided hv rh
learned men of Connecticut. Suppose that
the inspectors of election should decide that
a particular person should not vote because
he was a, negro. I low are they, going to
prove him one ? If they tan disqualify one
man, they can another, unless some legal
test of the question of negrohood can be es
tne learned men or Connecticut, who have
lately voted against the right of a negro to.
the Lightest privilege of a citizen, what is
meant by the term negro. If a man should
deny that he was a negro,' how can he be
proved one? If the test be one of descent,
there is no evidence so difficult to verify.
As to physiological tests, naturalists have
not been able to discover any ; and so as to
hair or complexion, they are not to be relied
on. All black men are not negroes, nor aie
all men who have curly hair,' nor are all they
descendants of Africans. . There are some
Tunisian Africans now on a visit, in an of
ficial capacity, .to President Johnson, who
are not negroes ; nobody would think of call
ing them negroes. Even Deacon Button
would doubtless consent to receive them in
to his family as visitors ; and if they wished
to remain in his pleasant village, would nev
er be guilty of the wickedness of counseling
them to pitch their tents elsewhere, as he
did his neighbor Davenport the other day.
It is of great importance that this question
of negrohood should be determined at once,
as the welfare ot a great number of light
colored, if not absolutely white, Americans
in the reconstructed States of the South de
pends upon it. ,It is not one of those doubt
ful questions which can be left lying around
loose ; it must be decided by competent
authority, an J at once. "All other'persons"
having been disposed of by the rebel war,
nothing now remains as a cause ot trouble
among us but the question of what is a ne
gro, and what is a negro's rights. - Let that
be disposed of, or all mention of the negro
in our States be expunged, and we shall
have nothing moreserious to distract us
than simple, questionsof political enconomy,
which never engender bad blood. A. Y.
Stanton's Report. The Washington
correspondent of the New York Timet, in
speaking of the forthcoming report of Sec
retary Stanton, says that the estimate for
maintaining the army tor the ensuing year,
at its . present force, on a peace footing, is
thirty-three milloins of dollars. Enough
materiel of war is left to arm and equip a
million of men, or to maintain our present
force in the field for a year, on a war tooting.
Immense quantities of army cloth and blan
kets are being permanent ly stored in the va-
nous arsenals, wane in one uepoi aione mere
is stored ten thousand tons of crude powder
nitre, and the amount is being increased.'
Enough has been realized from the sales of
material thus far to maintain the army for
one year.
Always Tell the I'rcth. The ground
work of our manly character is veracity, or
the habit of truthfulness. That virtue lies
at the foundation of everything said. How
common is it to hear parents say, "I have
faith in my child to long as he speaks the
truth. "He nay have many faults, but I
know he wi .'I not deceive. I build on that
confidence." They are right. It is a law
ful and just gjundtQ build upon. So long
as the truth remains in a child, there is
something to depend npon; but when truth
is gone ; all is lost, unless the child is speed
ily won back again to veracity. Children,
did you ever tell a lie? If so, you are in
imminent danger. Return at once, little
reader, and enter the stronghold of truth,
and from it you may never depart again. f j
The oldest inhabitant of Illinois gives it
as his opinion (unbiassed by any mercenary
motive, and unconnected with any sleigh,
manufaturing establishment) that we are to
hare maoh snow the coming winter.
'i ;