Newspaper Page Text
Xii' . , , . . ' ,
BY S. J. ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 1865.
VOL 11.-NO. 36.
TERMS OF THE JOURNAL.
The RArMMAs's Journal is published on Wed
EMday at 12,00 per annam'io advance. Advcb
riseifKXT9 iucarted at SI. 50 per square, for three
or lew inwrtioni Ten linei (or less) countiDg a
iqaare- Fur every additional insertion 50 cents,
i' deduction will be made to yearly advertisers.
TRVIN BROTHERS. Dealers in Squate Sawed
I Lnmbsr. Drj Goods, Groceries. Flour, Grain,
fa , o., Burciide Pa., Sept. 23, 1S63.
I FREDERICK LEITZIXGER. Mnnnfactnrer of
II kindi of Stone-ware. Clearfield. Pa. Or
der solioited wholesale or retail. Jan. 1, 1SR3
CRANS BARRETT, Attorneys at Law. Clear
field, Pa. May 13. 1863.
i j.caxi. :::::: Walter babrktt.
ROBERT J. WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear"
field. Pa Office in Shaw's new row. Market
mieet. opposite Naugle's jewelry store May 26.
F- XAUGLE. Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dealer in Watches. Jewelry. Ac. Room in
raham's row, Market street. 2ov. 10.
HBUCIIER SWOOPE. Attorney at Law.Clear
. field. Pa. OEct in Graham's Row. fourdoo s
west of Graham 4 Boynton's store. Nov. 10.
VT ARTSWICK k IIUSTOX. Dealers in Drugs,
J 1 Medicines. Paints. Oils. Stationary. Perfume-
M. Fancy Goods, Notions, etc., etc.. Market street,
tlearUeld. ra june. i. imi.
JP KRATZLK. deafer in Dry Joo,ls. Cloth.
. inj?. Hardware Queensware. iirocerics. Pro
rUi tii o. Front Street, above the Academy,
C!es, field, Ta. April 27.
7 I i.LIAM F.IKW IN. Marketstreet, Clearfield,
( P . Itaaler in Foreign and Domestic Mcr-
ehar li'e. Hardware. Oueensware, Groceries, and
family rticUs generally. rov. iu.
TOIIN Gl'ELICII. Manufactnrer of all kinds oi
Cabinet-ware. Market street. Cleurfield, Pa.
He also makes to order Coffins, on short notice, and
attends funerals with a hearse. Aprl0.'59.
DR M. WOODS. PnCT!Ci ParsirtAi, and
Examining Surgeon for Pensions.
Jffiee. Bonth-west corner of Second and Cherry
Giro. t. Clearfield, Pa. January 21. Ib()3.
rpHOMAS J. M'CrLLOCGn. Attorney at Law.
JL Clearfield. Pa. Office, et of the - Clearfield
o. Bank. Deeds and other legal instruments pre
pared with pronipti.ess and accuracy. July 3.
JB WEN' ALLY", Attorneyat Law. Clearfield.
. Ta. Prsctijes in Clearfield and adjoining
soanties. Office in new brick building of J. Boya
k d. 2d street, one door south of Lnsich's Hotel.
1) ICIIARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do
i V mestio Drv Goods. Groceries. Flour. Bacon.
Liono-s. to. I'.oom. on Market street, a few doors
oilol Journ Ofire, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27.
J R RIMER TEST, Attorneys at Law.Clear
J laid. Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
si other business entrusted to their care in Clear
Id aad adjoining counties. August 6. 1356.
"11TM. ALBERT 4 BRO'S, Dealers in Dry Goods.
Y I roeeries. Hardware, Queensware, Flour,
Pacron, ete.. Woodlan-'. Clearfield county. Penn'a.
Alio, extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum
ber, shingles, and square timber. Orders solici
1. Woodland. Aug. 19th, 1863.
rpKMI EttA.NUE HOUSE. The subscriber
J. w.m d respectfully inform the citizens of
Clearfield county, that he has rented the "Tipton
Hotel.'' and will use every endeavor to accommo
dVe those who may favor him with r'ueir custom.
II will try to furnish the able with the best the
vuntry c in afford, and will keep hay and feed to
igeummo ate teamsters. Gentlemen don't to-get
the Tirt..n Hotol." SAM L EL SMITH.
Tijton, Pa , May i If SI.
X I7I1ISRF.KS! WHISKERS! Doyou wan j
V Whiskers or Moustaches? Our Grecian
Compound will forc them to grow on tbe i-ru-th-st
face or chin, or hair on bald beads, in Six
Wiiki. Price, SI. 00 Sent by mail anywhere,
lose y scale. I. on jocipt of price. Address,
WARNER 4 CO.. Box 133. Brooklin, X. York.
March 29th, 1853.
"rviCiorTnt Comptroller oftfis Ccriietcy,
VVASUiaoro.'. Janruary 30th, lSoi. )
t ilEREAS, BY SATISFACTORY EVIDENCE
I f presented to the undersigned, it has been
ma e to appear that "THE FIRST NATIONAL
-SSKOF CLEARFIELD," in the Borough of
t'learfield. in tbe county of Clearfield, and State
el Pennsylvania, has b-n duly organized under
and accordiug to the requirements of the-Act of
''ongreas.entitled "An Act to provide a National
Currency, secured by a ple1ge of United States
boa. is and to provide for the circulation and re
demption tbeieof." approved June 3d. I SGI. and
has complied with all the provisions ot said Act
required to be complied with before commencing
the business of Banking under said Act ;
Now. therefore, I, Hugh McCulloch. Comptril
ler of the Currency, do hereby certify that .-THE
msT NATIONAL HANK OF CLEARFIELD,'
In the Borough of Clearfield, in the county of
Cieirfield. and State of Pennsylvania, is author
UeJ to commence the business of Banking uuder
'he Act aforesaid
" In testimony whereof, witness my
(SEAL hand and seal of office, this 30th day of
VrrJanuary. A. D. 1865.
?b. g, 1S53. Comptroller of the Currency.
- m -
TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 1
ffrnct OTTnc Comptrollerok me Ccbresct, ,
WAsnisGTos, March 8th. 1S65. )
Vim KREAS, I1V SATISFACTORY EVI
l dence presented to the undersigned, it has
in msd to appear that ' THE COUNTY NA
TIONAL BANK OF CLEAR.FI LD," in the Bor
ough of Clearfield, in the county ot Clearfield
ni State of Pennsylvania, has been duly orgau
ted under and according to the requirements of
tie Act of Congress, entitled -An Act to provide
National Currency, secured by pledge of Uni
td States bonds and to provide for the circulation,
nd redemption thereof." approved June 3d. 1864,
nd has complied with all tbe provisions of said
Act required to be complied with before eoinmen
'og the business of Bunking under f aid Act;
Sow, th erf ore. I. Ilugb McCulloch. Comptroller
cf the Cnrrency. do .hereby certify that -THE
COUNTY NATIONAL BANK OF CLEARFIELD,"
' the Bt rough of Clearfield, in the county of
Clearfield, and State of Pennsylvania, is author
htd to commence the business of Banking under
In testimony whereof, witness my
(KAL fhs.nd and seal of office, this 2d day of
VCTT; March, A. I. 1 S5..
r. S.16W Comptroller f the Cajreney. 1
Bear him toward tbe setting sun
Home to his mecca iu the west ;
There where the mighty rivers run.
Make him a grave in his country's breast.
Close to the heart of the mourning land
Close to its beating, oh, lay him down !
Lay him, oh. nation, with loviug hand
Lay him the Ruler without a crown!
Kot with the pomp of an idle hour,
Not with the mockery of art,
Kot with the empty show of power
But with tbe pageantry of the heart.
Bear him across the prairies wide.
Over the tnuatain s sunny verge,
Over the rivers whose breathing tide
Chants for the dead its grandest dirge.
Lay him beside tbe violet bed.
Lay him beneath his native sod,
Under tbe grass wirh clover red.
And bright with th' approving smile of God.
Ilallow'd the plaoe where you lay bim down,
While numberless ages lapse away.
Marked with the martyr's cro?s and crown.
And bright with the dawn of Liberty's day.
For though no marble urn arise
Above tbe grave that holds his dust.
And though no pil!ur pierce tbe skies,
Nor "scutcheon high, nor sculptured bust;
Still, long as the stars shall kiss the sea.
Long as tbe rolling t-urib shall move,
His nanie a monument shall be
Reared in the living heart of love.
And the Diamond Eing.
It was the niht before Chritsmas. Mr.
Aluiiiyne did uot observe the little, Llue
nosed boy, crouching by the brilliantly illu
minated plate-glad window as he sprang
out ot his carriage and went into the throng
ed shop. How should he? Hut little liffu
Morrow's eyes, eager with tile sickly night
of extreme poverty, took in every detail of
ti e rich man's eii-tipage, and his purple ti
gers clasped one another tighter as he looked.
"Oil!"' he though, "how nice it mut be
to be xich to have cushioned carriages, and
and biir red tires, and mince pies every day !
Oh! 1 wish 1 were rich!';
And Den shrank closer into his corner as
the wind fluttered his thin, worn clothing,
and lilted the curls, with lreezing touch
iVotu his forehead.
.Nor did Mr. Almayne observe him when
he entered his carriage, drawing on his ex
pensive fur gloves, and leaning among the
velvet cushions with a si;ih scarcely less
earnest than little lien's had been.
The child's idea of a "hig red fire" would
have been quite realized if he had seen the
scarlet shine that illuminated Mr. Almayne's
luxurious drawing-rooms that night, glow
ing softly on gilded tables, alabaster vases,
and walls of rose and gold ; while, just be
fore the genial tiame, the pale widower sat,
thoughtfully watching the flickering spires
of green amethyst light, and very lonely in
his splendid solitude.
''I wonder what made me think of home
just then," he murmured, idly tappiug,bis
foot upon the velvet rug.
"I wonder what alchemy conjured up the
old house under the walnut trees, and the
old bridge, where the willow branches swept
the water the bridge where little Clara Wil
lis used to sit and study her lessons, while I
angled vainly for the fi.-h thut never w ml.l
bite. How lovely she was, tint gulden -haired
girl, with her blue-veined forehead.
and dark, down-east eyes ! 1 was very much
in love with ('lara Willis in those boj'-and-girl
days. 1 should like to know on what
shore the waves of time have cast her
barque. It is not often that a person one has
known in lang syne vanishes so entirely and
utterly from one's horizon. Poor Clara !
what glittering air palaces we built in the fu
ture how solemnly we plighted our childish
troths! And when I came back with the
fortune on whose golden colotiades our fairy
castles of happiness upreared its j iiiacles,
she was gone. And Mary was a good wife
to me, a true one; but she was not Clara
As the thought passed through his brain,
he instinctively glanced down at the finger
upon which he wore the betrothal riug of
his dead wife. The ring was gone.
"Lost it can't be lost," he murmured to
himself, trying to thiuk when and where he
had last observed it. "Can it have dropped
from my finger without my knowledge? I
must notitj the police at once, and have it
adver.ised. Poor Mary's ring! I would not
lose it lor twice its value, and that would be
no mean sum !"
It was a narrow and murky little street,
with here and there a dim lamp flaring fee
bly through the white obscurity of the driv
ing snow ; but little lien Morrow knew eve
ry one of its covered flag stones by heart,
and ran whistling down the alley-way of a
tall, weather-stained building, undaunted by
wind or tempest.
"See, sis' what a jolly glove I've found !"
he ejaculated, driving suddenly into a nar
row doorway, and coming upon a small room
only half lighted by a kerosene lauf, beside
which sat a voting woman, busily at work.
"Hallo! is the tire out?"
"Wrap this old shawl around you, Ben,"
said the woman, looking up with a smile
that partook more of tears than mirth "and
you won't mind the cold so much. All the
coal is gone, and I can't buy any more until
I am paid for the caps. Did you sell any
"Only two boxes," sighed the boy. "I
was so cold, Clara, that I couldn't go round
to the houses."
"Well, nevermind, Ben," she said, cheer
fully. "Sit close to me, dear we'll keep
ench other warm. Oh ! Ben. I should like
to have given you a nice whole coat for-j
"Don't cry sis," said the loy, leaning his
head against her knee. "Didn't you give
me your shawl for a comforter, only I lost it
that windy day? You're just as good and
sweet as you can be, Clara, and I love you
just as well as if you were my whole sister
instead of only half a one."
She mi!ed through her teara.
"What was it about a glove, Ben?"
lie sprang suddenly as if remembering.
"A gentleman dropped it in the street, I
ran after the carriage, but it went to fast for
me to catch ud. Isn't it nice, Sis?"
"Very nice, Ben."
She drew the fur glove abstractedly on
her hand, and looked at the rich, dark fur.
"Why, Ben, what's this?"
Her finger had come in contact with some
thing in the little finger of the glove, and
she drew it out. Even by the dim light of
the lamp she saw the myriad sparkling fas
cets of a d amond ring.
"The gentleman must have drawn it off
with his glove," she said, while little Ben
stood by, in surpri:e and delight.
"lien, this is very valuable. We ought
to return it to the owner at once."
"How can we if we don't know who he
is?" said Ben.
"It will be advertised, dear; every effort
will be made to recover so valuable a jewel.
To-morrow morning you must borrow a
newspaper, and we will look at the adver
tisements." "Sister," said Ben, under his breath "is
it very valuable? Is it worth a hundred
,"; ore than that Ben. Why?"
"Oh ! Clara," he sobbed, burying his face
in her lap; "a hundred dollars would be so
nice! I wish it wasn't wrong to keep it !"
Clara did not answer.. She only smooth
ed down her little brothers U ngled curls,
and he never knew how hard it was for her
to keep back her own tears.
Mr. Almayne'was walking impatiently up
and down his long, glittering suit of rooms
in the Christmas brightness of the next days'
noon, when his portly footman presented
himself in the doorway.
"There's a young person and a little boy
down stairs, sir, about the advertisement.'
"Ask them to walk in, Porter."
Porter glanced dubiously at the velvet
chairs and Wilton carpet.
"They're very shabby and muddy, sir."
"Never mind ; show them in."
Poi ter departed, by no means pleased, and
in a minute or two threw open the door and
"The young person and the little boy."
"lie seated," said Mr. Alma3rne, courte
ously. "Can you give me any information
in regard to the ring I have lost?"
lien Morrow s sister was wrapped in a fa
ded shawl, with a :hick, green veil over her
face. She held out the fur glove and with
in it a little paper box, from which blazed
the white fire of the lost ring.
"My brother found 't in this glove, last
nitrht, sir," she said in a low timid voice.
"The initials M. A. correspond with your
advertisement, so we brouelit it at once to
the street and number specified.!'
Mr. Almayne opened his pocket book.
"I have promised a liberal reward." he
said, taking out a fifty dollar bill. "Will
this be sufficient?''
Clara Willis threw back her veil.
"We are very poor, sir," she said, "but
not so poor as to take a reward for doing our
duty. Thank A'ou all the tame. Come
Henry Almayne's cheek had grown very
white as he saw the golden braids and clear
blue eyes of his sweet first love beneath the
faded biased bonnet.
"Clara!" he exclaimed. "Clara Willis 1
is it passible that vou do not know me?"
She turned at his wild exclamation, and
gazed fixedly at him with dawning recog
nition. "Are you can it be that you are Henry
Almayne?" she faltered, only half certain
of the correctness of her conjecture.
He took her hand tenderly and reverently
in his. If she had been a duchess the ac
tion could not have been more full of court
"Clara do not go yet," he said, pleading
ly. "Let me unravel this strange enigma
of our two lives ! Oh ! Clara if this Christ
mas day has, indeed, brought me the srn
s ;ine which never irradiated my life, I shall
bless it to my life, I shall bless it to my dy
The low sun flamed redly in the west be
fore Mr. Almayne's carriage the very one
which Ben so ignorantl.v admired the night
Ieforc was summoned to carry Clara and
her brother, for the last time to their
squalid home. For ere the New Year dawn
ed above the wintry earth, Clara was mar
ried to the man who had courted her under
the green willows that overhung the wooden
bridge, ten years ago. It was a very short
engagement and yet it was a very long one !
And little Ben Morrow, basking, in the
reflected sunshine of his sisters happiness,
found out what it was to be rich.
Mobile letters state that thirty thousand
bales of cotton were found in that city, and
that one hundred thousand bales of cotton
an I seventy-five thousand barrels of rosin
were on the Alabama river, within reach of
The Arkansas Legislature has finally got
a quorum. The Constitutional Amendment
was passed unanimously The House is bu
sy about a bill disfranchising all who held
positions in the rebel army.
Some of our enterprising naval operators
made a fine strike at Mobile. Going up the
. i . J . LI.I.J.
river in launcnes, tney capcurea a oioci-aue
runner loaded with 4,000 bales of cotton.
Mount Baker, California, has been for
some time in a state of active eruption, and
its formerly sharp point has been flattened
down ten or fifteen hundred feet.
All the funds required to pay Ganeral
Sherman's army in full will be ready by the
middle ot this week. It will require about
$1 1,000,000 for this purpose.
. . M
r .... L" J' .1
Lecora, a famous W inneDago cniei, aieu j
recently at Lincoln, Wis., aged 133.
Why Prices Advance.
Concerning the prices of dry goods, the
New York is'un observes : "The explanation
generally advanced by the merchants them
selves, however, is perhaps the most prob
able. ' They claim that it results first, from
a scarcity of staple goods ; and second, from
a heavy demand for the Southern market.
They state that the mills for domestic manu
factures have, until very recently, been run
ning to the full extent of their capacity, and
that they have made only enough goods for
current use fearing to accumulate large
stocks in consequence of the unreliability of
the market. Southern merchants,and North
ern speculators, are also buying heavily in
anticipation of the general re-opening of
Southern state trade. It may be one. or all
of these causes combined, that now effects
the market , but it is quite certain that goods
are not plenly in th market, and that theie
is tar greater disposition among dealers to
buy than to sell. All the cotton rcills, how
ever, are now running to their utmost ca
pacity, and whatever the cause of the ad
vance, it is evident that it cannot continue
long, as the supply will soon be abundant.
Stamp Duties. All business men should
have an official schedule of stamp duties:
but for the benefit of persons who have lit
tle occasion to use stamps, we append a list
or inose most commonly used :
'Agreement of Appraisement, five cents,
each sheet of oaoer to be stamned.
Leases, five cents, for all rents not over
three hundred dollars.
Notes, five cents, if not over one hundred
dollars or any fraction thereof.
Orders, for the payment of money, two
cents, if the sum be over ten dollars.
Receipts, for money received, if over
twenty dollars, or for delivery of any prop
erty, two cents.
Deed, or other conveyance whereby lands
are sold, the actual value of which does not
exceed $500, 50 cents ; for every addntion-
al S500, or fractional part thereof, 50 cents.
A judgement note, of $100 or over, re
quires a 50 cent stamp, which may be put
on at any time before entenng the note.
A Masonic Fact. Dr. Jl. G. Scott,
Past Grand Master, in an address delivered
years ago. made the following statement. It
is honorable to the Masonic Institution
and we presume theme inbers of that ancient
body will be pleased to read it and see it cir
"From sources of information on which I
entirely rely, I state the fact that fifty at
least of these who signed the Declaration of
Independence were Masons, and the same
history informs us tl at every Major Gener
al of the revolutionary army was a Mason,
save cne and that one was Benedict Ar
nold. Somebody to be Hanged. A Wash
ton correspondent says : From this mo
ment guerrillas and pirates trill be hung. I
know of what I write. Such is the deter
mination of the government. There is no
expectation that rfter the news of the sur
render of Johnston's forces that England
and France will continue to afford harbor for
E irate vessels. If they do our cruisers will
e instructed to burn and destroy them
wherever they mny be found. If England
desires a war rather than treat us fairly she
will be accountable, but this government
will not give her any cause for it.
Philadelphia will soon have an unenvia
ble name for peace and order. A disgrace
ful prize fight took place in that city early
Monday morning, bwteen James Farley, an
Englishman, and John Turner, an Irish
man, for a nurse of five hundred dollars.
The fight lasted one hour and twenty min
utes, at the expi ation of which time the
Englishman was declared the victor. Both
men were badly punished.
Popular Feeling. Geo. Stone was tar
red and feathered at Swanipscott, on Sat
urday, for cheering at the death ot the Pres
ident ; and Major Otis Wright, of Lowell,
Superintendant of the Middlesex Horse
Railway, narrowly escaped hanging for ex
pressing joy at Mr. Lincoln's death. lif
teen minutes were finally allowed him to
leave the city, never to return.
Seek society. Keep your friendship in
repair. Answer your letters. Meet good
will half way. All good men excite each
other to activity better things are said,
more wit and wisdom are dropped in talk
and forgotten by the speaker, than get into
books. We have not learned to avail our
selves of the power of our companions.'
The gun cotton committee.says the Army
and Nary Gjzette,hdive been trying further
experiments with this highly explosive ma
terial, and there seems to be every hope of
its being used instead of powder, as a burst
ing charge for shells and other similar ves
sels, which are expected to be largely em
ployed in any future naval war.
A man has declined being a candidate for
office in one of the new States because he is
not a citizen has never paid tax or any
other debt owns no property can't read
or write is blind has but one leg has lost
four fingers from the left hand has ten
children and can't leave home for fear they
will abuse their mother. .
Coax sunbeams to your eyes, smiles to
your lips. Speak hopeful words as often
as you can. Get the name of being cheerful,
and it will be an incense to you. Wherev
er the glad face goes, it is ever welcome ;
whatever the laughing lips ask, is very apt
to be granted.
An Irish journal recommends a large emi
gration of "poor" but hard working whites
to Southern States when restored to tbe Linton.
THE OLD BATTLE GBOUITDS.
A cosrespondent who recently visited some
of the old battlefields of 1864, before Rich
mond, relates that at the battle ground of
Cold Harbor, he came across a skull, bleach
ed as clean as ever seen in a medical college.
Turning over a few bushes, he found th. re
mains of a Union soldier, which he could i
dentify by his blue blouse and United States
plates on his accoutrements. I dismounted,
examined the skull, and found it a finely de
veloped head. Poor fellow 1 He was one
of the bravest of the brave, and making the
charge upon the rebel lines he had penetra
ted, between the second and t heir lines, where
he met his death. He had evidently crawl
ed into the bushes and died. Not a vestige
of flesh was on his bones, which were bleached
perfectly white. Keening ud the little road.
along which a charge had evidently been
made by our troops, we came across another,
and another, till we passed more than a doz
en skeletons, all in Union clothes, lying just
as they fell. The shoes were on most of
them, and their clot i ing, which had shrunk
from the actiou of the weather, had left the
leg bones exposed and the arms at the
wrists. Continuing on to the debateable
ground between the two lines, a sorrowful
sight presented itself. More than one hun
dred Union soldiers were unburied on the
small space of ground that came within view,
and their grinning skulls and fleshless arms
and legs were lying around in every direc
tion, all with more or less Union clothing on
the remains. We commeced to count them.
and rode about fifty yards, but as they were
lying in every direction, we soon lost . the
count, and gave it up. lhere were fully
one hundred and fifty exposed within view.
and how many more we could not tell, as the
sight was not a pleasant one, and we con
cluded to turn the way we came, and left.
These bodies have been the prey of turkey
buzzards, hogs and dogs for nearly a year.
We could see the buzzards, with their en
ormous wings, sailing about in the air
watching their opportunity, when we would
leave4 to pounce upon their prey. A dog
was shot by one of our party, which was
gnawing away at some of the remains. A
farmer in the vicinity told us that, having
no fence to confine the cattle, the hogs wan
dered about and he had often" driven them
away from feeding upon the bodies where
they lay. The spot where these remains lay
is about a quarter of a mile from Cold Har
bor Tavern, a little dilapidated one story
building. We rode up to it, and four young
women, named Stewart, came out to meet
us. We inquired how it was these bodies
remained unburied so near their house.
They stated that the bodies had beeen bu
ried once, but that Geary's Brigade of South
Carolinians came along some time after the
Battle, and they dug them up, and left them
in the condition we had seen them. For the
honor of human nature, I am inclined to
discredit this part of their story, as the skel
etons seemed to lie exactly in the positions
they had fallen, and do not look as if they
had ever been buried. However the young
women asserted the fact earnestly, and I give
this statement for what it is worth. If the
bodies ever were buried, or covered with
earth, it must have been by digging some of
the surrounding earth and throwing it over
them, which, in a short time, is washed off
by the rain.s. A working party of colored
troops have since been sent from Richmond
to bury the dead, gathering up all the re
mains, depositing them in a trench, and
raising a mound high enough to prevent
farmers from plowing them up.
An Awkward Country.
Did anybody ever reflect how living in
such a country as Australia, for instance,
must upset all one's established ideas about
the fitness of things? Whatever previous ex-
Eerience of the points cf compass a man
as had is here reversed. The sun no lon
ger shines from the Southern half of the
heavens, but from the Northern. The old
rule in the school geographies, "Turn your
face to the sun and you will have the west
at your right and the east to your left."
must be expunged from your memory. The
Australians go "down North" to spend the
winter, and come "up South" during the
hot summer months. The first strawberries
and early potatoescome from "down North."
The ne'dle of the compass points toward
the South, and the North Star is no longer
a symbol of steadfastness. In short, the
North and the South exchange places, and
the Australian poets sing odes to "the sun
ny North" and "icy South."
Seeing a Battle.
Such battles as we have had in Dutting
down the rebellion are rather large affairs
for one pair of eyes to see. We have known
marvelous stories of battles to be listened to
with wondering credence at the narrationsof
eye-witnesses.but an extensive engagement
cannot be seen by any one person ; even if
the field all lies open before the eye, which
it rarely does, the smoke of the conflict ob
scures the details from view. The Duke of
Wellington on being asked, in conversation,
by Mr. Everett, about the view presented
to t he ej'e in the battle of Waterloo, replied,
in substance, that he could not give it, but
that an idea might be obtained by reading
the different accounts given by English,
French and German witnesses. The com
mander himself sees but parts of the battle
scene; his knowledge of its condition and ne
cessities is derived from tha reports constant
ly brought to him.
Cleary, one of the rebels against whom a
rand jury in Canada found a true bill for
a breach of the neutrality laws, on May 3d
surrendered himself to the authorities and
gave bail to stand his trial in October. .
It is said that the Government will pay
$100,000,000 to the discharged soldiers and
others in the month of May. $40,000,000
of certificates of indebtedness were rej$em
d in April.
The Status of Lee's Army.
A writer in the Army and Navy Journal
holds the following views :
The last great work of our dead President
was, in con uecticn with the Lieutenant Gen
eral, to plan the terms upon which the sup
render ot the rebel armies should be made.
Nothing shows the certainty of Gen. Grant's
military plans more than this, that he and
Mr. Lincoln were able to count definately
upon tbe defeat and destruction of Lee's
army, which must bring with it the defeat
or surrender of Johnston's army,
Forseeing these great events, which vir
tually clote the war. it became necessary to
invent some method by which the rebel arm
ies might be disbanded safely and yet with
such hold over them by the Government aa
should affix a pejialty to farther resistsnce.
The result of the President's deliberationa
with General Grant was the offer to
Lee of discharge on parole for his whole
army. General Sherman has offered the
same terms to Johnston, and it is scarcely to
be doubted that he will accept them.
By many, these terms weij thought to bo
too lenient; but they seem to uie to be
greatly wise, and to affect all that is desira
ble. He could uot hold the whole southern
armies as actual prisoners in camps. This
would have been cruel and useless. It was not
right on the other hand, to suffer these sol
diers to disband without any restraint upon
them. Both evils were avoided by the con
ditions adopted. The actual condition of
these men is prisoners of war on parole not
to serve against their country till reirnlarW
exchanged, and they, are therefore bound,
under penalty of death, to refrain from
hostilities against the Gevernment.-
At the same time, they are assured of
safety the Government has bound itself,
by accepting their paroles as prisoners of
war, to treat them as rightful beligerants.
The terms of their surrender relieve them,
if they observe them, from the penalties of
treason. This, too, is right afid necessary,
for no one wishes to persecute the Southern
Finally, they are prisoners of war, and,
of course alien enemies by the terms they
have themselves accepted, and they have
for the present no rights of citizenship.
These they can acquire only by taking the
oath of allegiance and fidelity to the Govern
ment of the Union and abat doning, by for
mal and solemn oath, all allegiance to any
other government, power or tuler. When
they do that, .they are restored to the right
of citizenship. Those who refuse have no
right to claim the privileges of citizenship.
It is clear, therefore, that the terms pro
posed by Ge leral Grant cover the whole
ground, and settle at once the status of
the rebel soldiers, and point out how
they may regain, with safety to the common
welfare, the rights and privileges of Amer
ican citizens. Therefore, we think these
terms wise, far-seeing,and comprehensive.
Talented Youth. A good anecdote is
told of a housepainter's son who used the
brush dexterously, but had acquired the
habit of "putting itcu too thick." One
day his father after having frequently scold
ed him for his lavish daubing, and all to no
purpose, he gave him a severe flagellation.
"There, you rascal," said he, after per
fuming the painful duty, "how do you like
4' oil, I don't know, dad," whined the
boy, in reply, "but it seemes to me that you
put it on a thundering sight thicker than I
Noble and Witty Reply. In 1551,
Philip I. sent the young Constable de Cas
tile, to Rome, to congratulate Sextus V, on,
his advancement. The Pope said : "Are
there so few men in Spain that your king
scuds one without a beard?" "Sir," said
the fierce Spaniard, "if his majesty posess
ed the least idea that you immagined merit
lay in a beard, he would have deputed a goat
to you, and not a gentleman !"
A Bad Spell. A bold soldier-boy wri
ting to a young lady, an "unnone frend,"
v ith whom he wished to open a correspon
dence tyles himself k-A Choldger." We will
venture to say a soldier never appeared in
this disguise before. If the writer puts as
much extra work into his fighting as he
does ito h s misspelling, he'll be death on
Boston Corbett, the soldier who shot
Booth, in a letter dated May 1st says: "My
lite has been threatened in the most blood
thirsty manner, but God is well able ta
keep me." '
The steamer Hamilton was sunk in Mobile
bay on April 25th,. by the explosion of a
torpedo. The boat was much injured, and
1 3 persons killed and wounded.
The Senate of Tennessee has passr-d a
resolution offering a reward ot $5,000 for
the delivery of Gov. J sham G. Harris to
the civil authorities.
Returns of the census taken last" ye1" in
Iowa, so far as they have gone, shows an in
crease in the population of the State of over
100,000 since 1860. . . .
"See here," said an Irish lad of neTen -summers,
who was treed bv a dog, "if you
don't take that dog away, I'll eat all your
Three hundred an fifty-three children of .
deceased soldiers have been admitted into
tbe orphan school of this State.
The City Council of Baltimore has pro
tested aiainst the return to that city of pa
rolled rebel soldiers.
An agent cf Bricham Young is buying
cotton seed in San Francisco to plant in the
Sand which Islands. - . . . . ..-
The Rebel Gen. Chalmers we tQilj
j&hot by son Jjia jo poJdiej